Tchoukball

Tchoukball /ˈtʃuːkbɔːl/ is an indoor team sport developed in the 1970s by Swiss biologist Dr Hermann Brandt. Dr Brandt was concerned about the number of injuries in sport at the time and as part of an educational study he wanted to create a sport that reduced injuries, was not aggressive between players and enabled people of all shapes, sizes, genders, cultures, and backgrounds to play together.

The sport is usually played on an indoor court measuring 27 metres by 16 metres. At each end there is a 'frame' (a device similar to a trampoline off which the ball bounces) which measures one square metre and a semicircular D-shaped forbidden zone measuring three metres in radius. Each team can score on both ends of the court, and comprises 12 players, of whom 7 may be on the court at any one time. In order to score a point, the ball must be thrown by an attacking player, hit the frame and bounce outside the 'D' without being caught by the defending team. Physical contact is prohibited, and defenders may not attempt to intercept the attacking team's passes. Players may take three steps with the ball, hold the ball for a maximum of three seconds, and teams may not pass the ball more than three times before shooting at the frame.

Tchoukball has become an international sport, played in Brazil, Canada, China, the Czech Republic, Great Britain, India, Italy, Spain, Japan, Macau, Philippines, Poland, Singapore, Switzerland, Taiwan, and the United States. It is governed by the Féderation Internationale de Tchoukball (FITB, founded in 1971). Taiwan hosted the 2004 World Championships and won both the women's and junior championships, with the Swiss men winning the men's championship. The 2006 European Championships were held in Switzerland, with Great Britain taking both the Men's and Under-18's titles, while the hosts won the Women's event.

Tchoukball
European Tchoukball Championships 2014
A tchoukball match in progress.
Highest governing bodyFédération Internationale de Tchoukball (FITB)
First played1970
Characteristics
ContactNo
Team members7 on Court, 5 Reserve (bench: 5)
TypeBall sport, team sport
EquipmentTchoukball, frame
Presence
Country or regionWorldwide
OlympicNo
World GamesInvitational sport at 2009 World Games
Chukbol
Symbol of Tchoukball
Tchoukball vimi
Tchoukball match in progress.

History

Tchoukball was created in Switzerland by Hermann Brandt, who was concerned by the numerous serious injuries among athletes resulting from sports prone to aggression and physical contact. He believed that sports should not only for champions, but also contribute to the creation of a better and more humane society.[1] He designed tchoukball to contain elements of handball (it is played with hands, and the balls used are similar), volleyball (as the defending team must prevent the ball from falling) and squash (since there is a rebound).

Basic Rules

Court

  • The court size that is generally used is 27 m × 17 m. However, there are variations to this such as in beach tchoukball where a court size of 21 m × 12 m is used.
  • One rebound frame is placed at each end of the field of play
  • In front of each frame, a D shaped semi-circle measuring 3 m in radius must be drawn; it defines the limits of the 'forbidden zone'
  • The lines of the zones are considered part of the zone itself, e.g. the line marking the semicircle forbidden zone is considered part of the forbidden zone, while the line around the entire court is considered a part of the court

Ball

Depending on the category of players (Men/Women/M18/M15/M12), different sizes of balls are used ranging from a circumference of 54 cm to 60 cm and weighs between 325 grams to 475 grams.

Scoring

Two teams of 7 players each (men or women) compete to score points with the team with the most points at the end winning the game. When a team gains a point, control of the ball is transferred to the other team.

  • In tchoukball either team can score at either end of the court.
  • A point is scored when the ball rebounds after hitting either of the 2 frames and touches the ground outside the forbidden zone, any part of the defending player's body below the knees, or touches the defending player while he is still in the forbidden zone.
  • A point is given to the non-attacking team when the attacking team shoots and misses the frame, or the ball rebounds outside the playing area (either out of the court or in the forbidden zone).
  • If a shot is caught by the defending team, the defending team can proceed to attack immediately.
Frame front 30
Frame

Positions

Each team comprises the following positions:

  • 2 Right Shooters
  • 2 Left Shooters
  • 2 or 3 defenders
  • 1 Centre (or none if 3 defenders are used)

Each side of the court comprises a left shooter, right shooter and 1 or 2 defenders, while the centre usually stays near the middle of the court if this formation is used. The shooters are generally in charge of shooting although in some cases the defender can also take the shot. The defenders are in charge of coordinating the first line of defence while the centre pivot takes charge of the second line of defence. However other formations include not using a centre pivot, the team would bypass the centre and throw full length court passes directly to the shooters/inners. This gives an extra first line defender or a dedicated second line defender.

Playing the game

  • The player can take 3 steps and is not allowed to bounce the ball on the ground between these steps.
  • When a pass is dropped or not completed ( the ball touches the ground), the other team gets possession
  • The defending team cannot hamper the attacking one, and is a fully non-contact sport.
  • The player with the ball is only allowed to hold the ball for 3 seconds or less

International Tchoukball Federation (FITB)

The FITB, founded in 1971, is based in Geneva. It now comprises 43 member associations and 16 countries with a designated FITB Representative. It supports and advises national associations and individuals willing to implant tchoukball in new areas. For instance, tchoukball was recently integrated in the school program of some regions of Senegal. The FITB was a demonstration sport in the 2009 World Games, which took place in Kaohsiung (Taiwan).

Events

World Events

World Tchoukball Championships

Year Competition Host Nation Men Winners Women Winners
1970 The 1st World Tchoukball Championships   Switzerland  France -
1980 The 2nd World Tchoukball Championships   Switzerland  Republic of China  Republic of China
1982 The 3rd World Tchoukball Championships  France  Republic of China  Republic of China
1984 The 4th World Tchoukball Championships  Republic of China  Republic of China  Republic of China
1987 The 5th World Tchoukball Championships   Switzerland  Republic of China  Republic of China
2004 The 6th World Tchoukball Championships  Republic of China   Switzerland  Republic of China
2011 The 7th World Tchoukball Championships  Italy  Republic of China  Republic of China
2015 The 8th World Tchoukball Championships  Republic of China  Republic of China  Republic of China

World Beach Tchoukball Championships

Year Competition Host Nation Men Winners Women Winners
2005 The 1st World Beach Tchoukball Championships   Switzerland  Republic of China  Republic of China
2017 The 2nd World Beach Tchoukball Championships  Republic of China  Republic of China  Republic of China

Tchoukball at the World Games

Year Competition Host Nation Men Winners Women Winners
1989 Tchoukball at the World Games 1989  Germany  Republic of China  Republic of China
2009 Tchoukball at the World Games 2009  Republic of China  Republic of China  Republic of China

World Youth Tchoukball Championships

Year Competition Host Nation M-18 Boys Winner M-15 Boys Winner M-12 Boys Winner M-18 Girls Winner M-15 Girls Winner M-12 Girls Winner
2004 The 1st World Youth Tchoukball Championships  Republic of China  Taiwan - -  Republic of China - -
2011 The 2nd World Youth Tchoukball Championships  Austria  Italy  Singapore  Republic of China  Republic of China  Italy -
2013 The 3rd World Youth Tchoukball Championships  Republic of China  Republic of China  Republic of China  Republic of China  Republic of China  Republic of China  Republic of China
2015 The 4th World Youth Tchoukball Championships  Singapore  Singapore  Republic of China  Republic of China  Singapore  Republic of China  Singapore

World University Tchoukball Championships

Year Competition Host Nation Men Winners Women Winners
2017 The 1st World University Tchoukball Championships  Malaysia  Republic of China  Republic of China

World Youth Beach Tchoukball Championships

Year Competition Host Nation Men Winners Women Winners
2017 The 1st World Youth Beach Tchoukball Championships  Indonesia  Republic of China  Republic of China

Regional Events

Asia Pacific Tchoukball Championships

Year Competition Host Nation Men Winners Women Winners
2003 The 1st Asia Pacific Tchoukball Championships  India  Republic of China  Republic of China
2006 The 2nd Asia Pacific Tchoukball Championships  Republic of China  Republic of China  Republic of China
2008 The 3rd Asia Pacific Tchoukball Championships  Republic of China  Republic of China  Republic of China
2010 The 4th Asia Pacific Tchoukball Championships  Singapore  Republic of China  Republic of China
2012 The 5th Asia Pacific Tchoukball Championships  Philippines  Republic of China  Republic of China
2014 The 6th Asia Pacific Tchoukball Championships  Republic of China  Republic of China  Republic of China
2016 The 7th Asia Pacific Tchoukball Championships  China  Republic of China  Republic of China

Asia Pacific University Tchoukball Championships

Year Competition Host Nation Men Winners Women Winners
2009 The 1st Asia Pacific University Tchoukball Championships  Hong Kong  Republic of China  Republic of China
2011 The 2nd Asia Pacific University Tchoukball Championships  Republic of China  Republic of China  Republic of China
2013 The 3rd Asia Pacific University Tchoukball Championships  South Korea  Philippines  Republic of China
2015 The 4th Asia Pacific University Tchoukball Championships  Malaysia  Republic of China  Republic of China

Asia Pacific Beach Tchoukball Championships

Year Competition Host Nation Men Winners Women Winners
2013 The 1st Asia Pacific Beach Tchoukball Championships  Thailand  Republic of China  Singapore

Asia Pacific Youth Tchoukball Championships

Year Competition Host Nation M-18 Boys Winner M-15 Boys Winner M-12 Boys Winner M-18 Girls Winner M-15 Girls Winner M-12 Girls Winner
2010 The 1st Asia Pacific Youth Tchoukball Championships  Singapore  Republic of China -  Hong Kong  Republic of China -  Republic of China
2013 The 2nd Asia Pacific Youth Tchoukball Championships  Malaysia  Republic of China  Republic of China  Republic of China  Singapore  Republic of China  Republic of China
2014 The 3rd Asia Pacific Youth Tchoukball Championships  Singapore  Republic of China  Republic of China  Republic of China  Republic of China  Republic of China  Republic of China
2016 The 4th Asia Pacific Youth Tchoukball Championships  Republic of China  Republic of China  Republic of China  Republic of China  Republic of China  Republic of China  Republic of China

Southeast Asia Tchoukball Championships

Year Competition Host Nation Men Winners Women Winners
2009 The 1st Southeast Asia Tchoukball Championships  Thailand  Singapore -
2011 The 2nd Southeast Asia Tchoukball Championships  Vietnam  Philippines  Singapore
2013 The 3rd Southeast Asia Tchoukball Championships  Thailand  Singapore  Singapore
2015 The 4th Southeast Asia Tchoukball Championships  Malaysia  Singapore  Singapore
2017 The 5th Southeast Asia Tchoukball Championships  Thailand

South Asian Tchoukball Championships

Year Competition Host Nation Men Winners Women Winners
2012 The 1nd South Asian Tchoukball Championships    Nepal  India -
2014 The 2nd South Asian Tchoukball Championships    Nepal  India -
2016 The 3rd South Asian Tchoukball Championships  India  India -

East Asian Tchoukball Championships

Year Competition Host Nation Men Winners Women Winners
2016 The 1st East Asian Tchoukball Championships  China  Republic of China -
2017 The 2nd East Asian Tchoukball Championships  South Korea

European Tchoukball Championships

Year Competition Host Nation Men Winners Women Winners
2003 The 1st European Tchoukball Championships Italy Italy   Switzerland   Switzerland
2006 The 2nd European Tchoukball Championships Switzerland Switzerland  United Kingdom   Switzerland
2008 The 3rd European Tchoukball Championships Czech Republic Czech Republic   Switzerland   Switzerland
2010 The 4th European Tchoukball Championships United Kingdom United Kingdom   Switzerland   Switzerland
2014 The 5th European Tchoukball Championships  Germany  Austria   Switzerland
2016 The 6th European Tchoukball Championships  Czech Republic  Austria   Switzerland

European Youth Tchoukball Championships

Year/Dates Competition Host Nation M-18 Boys Winner M-15 Boys Winner M-12 Boys Winner M-18 Girls Winner M-15 Girls Winner M-12 Girls Winner
2016 The 1st European Youth Tchoukball Championships  Czech Republic  Italy  Italy  Czech Republic -  Austria -

African Tchoukball Championships

Year Competition Host Nation Men Winners Women Winners
2010 The 1st African Tchoukball Championships  Ghana  Togo  Senegal
2012 The 2nd African Tchoukball Championships  Togo  Togo
2014 The 3rd African Tchoukball Championships  Benin  Togo
2016 The 4th African Tchoukball Championships  Kenya  Cameroon

East African Tchoukball Championships

Year Competition Host Nation Men Winners Women Winners
2014 The 1st East African Tchoukball Championships  Uganda  Uganda

Pan American Tchoukball Championships

Year Competition Host Nation Men Winners Women Winners
2010 The 1st Pan American Tchoukball Championships  Brazil  Brazil  Brazil
2012 The 2nd Pan American Tchoukball Championships  Uruguay  Brazil  Brazil
2014 The 3rd Pan American Tchoukball Championships  Colombia  Brazil  Colombia
2016 The 4th Pan American Tchoukball Championships  Mexico  Brazil  Uruguay

Notable injuries

During a community match in Kingston, Ontario, Canada on February 8, 2015, tchoukball player Arthur Freitas sustained serious facial injuries. His team would go on to win the match. This is the first and only reported tchoukball-related injury.

FITB PRESIDENT

National Name years FITB HQ
  Switzerland Dr Hermann Brandt 1971~1972   SwitzerlandGeneva
 France Dr Théodore Werey 1972~1984  France
 Republic of China Liu Zhengfeng 1984~1996  Republic of ChinaTaoyuan County
 United Kingdom John Andrews 1996~2000  United Kingdom
  Switzerland Michel Farve 2000~2004   Switzerland
  Switzerland Daniel Bushbeck 2004~2009   SwitzerlandGeneva
 Republic of China Huang chin cheng 2009~2017  Republic of ChinaKaohsiung City
 Republic of China Fang Shen Szu 2017~  Republic of ChinaNew Taipei city

Notes

  1. ^ Brandt, H., Etude scientifique des sports d’équipe, Ed. Roulet, Geneva, 1971

External links

Associations

2009 World Games

The 2009 World Games, the eighth edition of the World Games, were an international multi-sport event held in Kaohsiung, Republic of China (under the name Chinese Taipei) from July 16, 2009 to July 26, 2009. The games featured sports that are not contested in the Olympic Games.

Nearly 6,000 athletes, officials, coaches, referees and others from 101 countries participated in the 2009 Kaohsiung World Games, setting a record high for the multi-sport competition. The International World Games Association (IWGA) President Ron Froehlich praised the July 16–26 games as the "best games ever."

Acrobatic Gymnastics World Championships

The Acrobatic Gymnastics World Championships are the World Championships for acrobatic gymnastics. Before 2006 they were known as the World Sports Acrobatics Championships

Aerobic Gymnastics European Championships

The Aerobic Gymnastics European Championships are the European Championships for aerobic gymnastics. They have been organized by the European Union of Gymnastics since 1999.

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Power KitesThe sports inserted above are governed internationally by Fédération Aéronautique Internationale and at the national level by aero clubs such as the National Aeronautics Association and the Royal Aero Club. The FAI web site contains lists of these national organizations. In some of the categories listed above are lightweight classes which can be alternatively grouped as Ultralight aviation.

Other aerial activities are not governed by the FAI rules

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Rocket Racing League is an attempt to create a new airsport

American football at the World Games

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BWF Para-Badminton World Championships

The Para-Badminton World Championships is an individual bi-annual event organized by the BWF. The highest ranked para-badminton players compete in six Sport Classes in five categories. The championships was organized under Para Badminton World Federation (PBWF) before it decided to join with BWF in June 2011.

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Badminton was introduced and only played at the 1981 World Games.

Baseball at the World Games

Baseball was introduced and only played at the 1981 World Games.

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European Acrobatics Championships is main acrobatics sports championships in Europe. Championships organized by European Union of Gymnastics.

European Freestyle Skating Championships

The European Freestyle Skating Championships is the main freestyle skating championships in Europe, organized by European Confederation of Roller Skating.

FIM Snowcross World Championship

The FIM Snowcross World Championship is a snowmobile racing championship, inaugurated in 2004. The championship was preceded by the FIM Snowcross World Cup in 2003. Winner of the World Cup was Janne Tapio, Finland.

Individual sport

An individual sport is a sport in which participants compete as individuals. However, team competitions in individual sports also occur, such as relay race, the Davis Cup and the Fed Cup.

List of world sports championships

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Roller hockey at the World Games

Roller Hockey was introduced as a World Games sport for men at the 1981 World Games in Santa Clara. In 2005 it was replaced by Inline hockey.

Speedway European Championship

The Speedway European Championship (SEC) is an individual speedway competition consisting of a series of stand-alone events over the course of a season to determine the European champion.

Tchoukball at the 2009 World Games

The tchoukball competition at the World Games 2009 took place from July 24 to July 26, at the National Kaohsiung Normal University Gymnasium in Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

UEFA Women's Futsal Championship

The UEFA Women's Futsal Championship will be the main futsal competition of the women's national futsal teams governed by UEFA (the Union of European Football Associations).

The tournament will be held every two years, with the first final tournament held in February 2019 and featuring four teams.

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