Taylor Swift

Taylor Alison Swift (born December 13, 1989) is an American singer-songwriter. As one of the world's leading contemporary recording artists, she is known for narrative songs about her personal life, which have received widespread media coverage.

Born and raised in Pennsylvania, Swift moved to Nashville, Tennessee, at the age of 14 to pursue a career in country music. She signed with the label Big Machine Records and became the youngest artist ever signed by the Sony/ATV Music publishing house. Her 2006 self-titled debut album peaked at number five on the Billboard 200 and spent the most weeks on the chart in the 2000s. The album's third single, "Our Song", made her the youngest person to single-handedly write and perform a number-one song on the Hot Country Songs chart. Swift's second album, Fearless, was released in 2008. Buoyed by the success of pop crossover singles "Love Story" and "You Belong with Me", Fearless became the best-selling album of 2009 in the US. The album won four Grammy Awards, with Swift becoming the youngest Album of the Year winner.

Swift was the sole writer of her 2010 album, Speak Now. It debuted at number one in the United States and the single "Mean" won two Grammy Awards. Her fourth album, Red (2012), yielded the successful singles "We Are Never Ever Getting Back Together" and "I Knew You Were Trouble". For her fifth album, the pop-focused 1989 (2014), she received three Grammys, and became the first woman and fifth act overall to win Album of the Year twice. Its singles "Shake It Off", "Blank Space", and "Bad Blood" reached number one in the US, Australia, and Canada. Swift's sixth album, Reputation (2017) and its lead single "Look What You Made Me Do" topped the UK and US charts; with the former, she became the first act to have four albums sell one million copies within one week in the US.

Swift is one of the best-selling music artists of all time, having sold more than 50 million albums—including 27.8 million in the US—and 150 million single downloads. As a songwriter, she has received awards from the Nashville Songwriters Association and the Songwriters Hall of Fame, and was included in Rolling Stone's 100 Greatest Songwriters of All Time in 2015. She is also the recipient of various accolades such as 10 Grammys, one Emmy, 23 Billboard Music Awards, 23 American Music Awards and 12 Country Music Association Awards, and she holds six Guinness World Records. She is one of twelve women to appear in Time's 100 most influential people in the world at least three times (2010, 2015, 2019), and Forbes' lists of top-earning women in music (2011–2015), 100 most powerful women (2015), and Celebrity 100 (2016). Her inclusion in the third of these made her the youngest woman on the list, and she ranked first in Celebrity 100.

Taylor Swift
Taylor Swift arriving at the iHeartRadio Music Awards Show in March 2019
Born
Taylor Alison Swift

December 13, 1989 (age 29)
ResidenceNashville, Tennessee, U.S.
New York City, New York, U.S.
Occupation
  • Singer-songwriter
  • record producer
  • actress
Years active2004–present
Net worth$320 million (2018 estimate)
RelativesAustin Swift (brother)
AwardsFull list
Musical career
Genres
Instruments
  • Vocals
  • guitar
  • banjo
  • piano
Labels
Associated acts
Websitetaylorswift.com

Life and career

1989–2003: Early life

Taylor Alison Swift was born on December 13, 1989, in Reading, Pennsylvania.[1] Her father, Scott Kingsley Swift, was a stockbroker for Merrill Lynch, and her mother, Andrea Gardner Swift (née Finlay), was a homemaker who had worked as a mutual fund marketing executive.[2] Swift was named after the American singer-songwriter James Taylor.[3] She has a younger brother named Austin, who is an actor.[4] Swift spent the early years of her life on a Christmas tree farm which her father purchased from one of his clients.[5][6] She attended preschool and kindergarten at the Alvernia Montessori School, run by Franciscan nuns,[7] before transferring to The Wyndcroft School.[8] The family then moved to a rented house in the suburban town of Wyomissing, Pennsylvania,[9] where she attended Wyomissing Area Junior/Senior High School.[10]

At the age of nine, Swift became interested in musical theater and performed in four Berks Youth Theatre Academy productions.[11] She also traveled regularly to New York City for vocal and acting lessons.[12] Swift later shifted her focus toward country music inspired by Shania Twain's songs, which made her "want to just run around the block four times and daydream about everything".[13] She spent her weekends performing at local festivals and events.[14][15] After watching a documentary about Faith Hill, Swift felt sure that she needed to go to Nashville, Tennessee, to pursue a music career.[16] At the age of eleven, she traveled with her mother to visit Nashville record labels and submitted a demo tape of Dolly Parton and Dixie Chicks karaoke covers.[17] However, she was rejected since "everyone in that town wanted to do what I wanted to do. So, I kept thinking to myself, I need to figure out a way to be different".[18]

When Swift was about 12 years old, computer repairman and local musician Ronnie Cremer taught her how to play guitar and helped with her first efforts as a songwriter, leading to her writing "Lucky You".[19][20] In 2003, Swift and her parents started working with New York-based music manager Dan Dymtrow. With his help, Swift modelled for Abercrombie & Fitch as part of their "Rising Stars" campaign, had an original song included on a Maybelline compilation CD, and attended meetings with major record labels.[21] After performing original songs at an RCA Records showcase, Swift was given an artist development deal and began making frequent trips to Nashville with her mother.[22][23]

To help Swift break into country music, her father transferred to the Nashville office of Merrill Lynch when she was 14, and the family relocated to a lakefront house in Hendersonville, Tennessee.[5][24] Swift attended Hendersonville High School,[25] but after two years transferred to the Aaron Academy, which through homeschooling could accommodate her touring schedule, and she graduated a year early.[26]

2004–2008: Career beginnings and Taylor Swift

In Nashville, Swift worked with experienced Music Row songwriters such as Troy Verges, Brett Beavers, Brett James, Mac McAnally, and The Warren Brothers.[27][28] She eventually formed a lasting working relationship with Liz Rose.[29] They began meeting for two-hour writing sessions every Tuesday afternoon after school.[30] Rose thought that the sessions were "some of the easiest I've ever done. Basically, I was just her editor. She'd write about what happened in school that day. She had such a clear vision of what she was trying to say. And she'd come in with the most incredible hooks". Swift was signed by the Sony/ATV Tree publishing house,[31] but left RCA Records when she was 14.[15] She later recalled: "I genuinely felt that I was running out of time. I wanted to capture these years of my life on an album while they still represented what I was going through".[32]

Taylor Swift at Yahoo crop
Swift performing at Yahoo! headquarters in Sunnyvale, California in 2007

Swift was at an industry showcase at Nashville's Bluebird Cafe in 2005 when she caught the attention of Scott Borchetta, a DreamWorks Records executive who was preparing to form his own independent record label, Big Machine Records. She had met Borchetta in 2004.[33] Swift became one of the record label's first signings, and her father purchased a three percent stake in the fledgling company at an estimated cost of $120,000.[34][35] She began working on her eponymous debut album shortly after signing the record deal, and persuaded Big Machine to hire her demo producer Nathan Chapman, with whom she felt she had the right "chemistry".[15] Swift wrote three of the album's songs alone, and co-wrote the remaining eight with writers Rose, Robert Ellis Orrall, Brian Maher, and Angelo Petraglia.[36] Taylor Swift was released on October 24, 2006.[37] Jon Caramanica of The New York Times described it as "a small masterpiece of pop-minded country, both wide-eyed and cynical, held together by Ms. Swift's firm, pleading voice".[38] Taylor Swift peaked at number five on the Billboard 200 albums chart in the United States and spent 157 weeks on the ranking, marking the longest stay on the chart by any release in the country in the 2000s decade.[39] As of August 2016 the album has sold over 7.75 million copies worldwide.[40]

Big Machine Records was still in its infancy during the June 2006 release of the lead single, "Tim McGraw", and Swift and her mother helped "stuff the CD singles into envelopes to send to radio".[41] She spent much of 2006 promoting Taylor Swift with a radio tour, television appearances, and opening for Rascal Flatts on select dates of their 2006 tour.[42][43] Borchetta has said that record industry peers disliked his signing of a 16-year-old singer-songwriter at first, but that Swift tapped into a previously unknown market—teenage girls who listen to country music.[5] Following "Tim McGraw", four more singles were released throughout 2007 and 2008: "Teardrops on My Guitar", "Our Song", "Picture to Burn" and "Should've Said No". All were highly successful on Billboard's Hot Country Songs chart in the United States, with "Our Song" and "Should've Said No" both reaching number one. For the former, Swift became the youngest person to single-handedly write and perform a number-one song on the chart.[44] "Teardrops on My Guitar" became a moderate commercial success, reaching number thirteen on the Billboard Hot 100 songs chart in the United States.[45] Swift also released the holiday album Sounds of the Season: The Taylor Swift Holiday Collection in October 2007 and the EP Beautiful Eyes in July 2008.[46][47] She promoted her debut album extensively as the opening act for other artists on their tours.[48]

Swift won accolades for Taylor Swift. She was one of the recipients of the Nashville Songwriters Association's Songwriter/Artist of the Year in 2007, becoming the youngest person to be honored with the title.[49] She also won the Country Music Association's Horizon Award for Best New Artist,[50] the Academy of Country Music Awards' Top New Female Vocalist,[51] and the American Music Awards' Favorite Country Female Artist honor.[52] She was also nominated for Best New Artist at the 2008 Grammy Awards.[53] She opened for the Rascal Flatts on their 2008 summer and fall tour.[54] In July of that year, Swift began a romance with Joe Jonas that ended three months later.[55][56]

2008–2010: Fearless and acting

Swift's second studio album, Fearless, was released on November 11, 2008.[37] The lead single, "Love Story", was released in September 2008. It peaked at number four on the Billboard Hot 100[57] and number one in Australia.[58] Four more singles were released throughout 2008 and 2009: "White Horse", "You Belong with Me", "Fifteen" and "Fearless". "You Belong with Me" was the album's highest-charting single on the Billboard Hot 100, peaking at number two.[59] The album debuted at number one on the Billboard 200 and was the top-selling album of 2009 in the United States.[60] The album received promotion from Swift's first concert tour, the Fearless Tour,[61] which grossed over $63 million.[62] Taylor Swift: Journey to Fearless, a concert film, was aired on television and later released on DVD and Blu-ray.[63] Swift also performed as a supporting act for Keith Urban's Escape Together World Tour.[64]

TaylorSwiftApr09
Pictured at the premiere of Hannah Montana: The Movie, Swift had a cameo appearance in the film and recorded two songs for its soundtrack.[65][66]

In 2009, the music video for "You Belong with Me" was named MTV Video Music Award for Best Female Video.[67] Her acceptance speech was interrupted by rapper Kanye West.[68] The incident was the subject of controversy and frequent media attention, resulting in many Internet memes.[69] James Montgomery of MTV argued that the incident and subsequent media attention turned Swift into "a bona-fide mainstream celebrity".[70] Also that year, she won five American Music Awards, including Artist of the Year and Favorite Country Album.[71] Billboard named her 2009's Artist of the Year.[72] The album ranked number 99 on NPR's 2017 list of the 150 Greatest Albums Made By Women.[73]

At the 52nd Grammy Awards, Fearless was named Album of the Year and Best Country Album, and "White Horse" was named Best Country Song and Best Female Country Vocal Performance. Swift was the youngest artist ever to win Album of the Year.[74] During the ceremony, Swift sang "You Belong with Me" and "Rhiannon" with Stevie Nicks. Her vocal performance received negative reviews and a media backlash.[70][75] Jon Caramanica of The New York Times found it "refreshing to see someone so gifted make the occasional flub" and described Swift as "the most important new pop star of the past few years".[76] Swift became the youngest ever artist to be named Entertainer of the Year by the Country Music Association.[77] Fearless also won the Association's Album of the Year award.[78]

Swift contributed backing vocals to John Mayer's "Half of My Heart", a single featured on his fourth album, Battle Studies (2009).[79] She co-wrote and recorded "Best Days of Your Life" with Kellie Pickler,[80] and co-wrote two songs for the Hannah Montana: The Movie soundtrack—"You'll Always Find Your Way Back Home" and "Crazier".[66] Swift also provided vocals for Boys Like Girls' "Two Is Better Than One".[81] She contributed two songs to the Valentine's Day soundtrack, including "Today Was a Fairytale", which became her first number one on the Canadian Hot 100 chart.[82][83] While filming her cinematic debut Valentine's Day in October 2009, Swift began a romantic relationship with co-star Taylor Lautner, but they broke up later that year.[84][85] The romantic comedy, released the following year, saw her play the ditzy girlfriend of a high school jock, a role in which Los Angeles Times found "serious comedic potential".[86] In a scathing review, the critic for Variety deemed her "entirely undirected", arguing that "she needs to find a skilled director to tamp her down and channel her obviously abundant energy".[87]

Swift made her acting debut in a 2009 episode of CBS's CSI: Crime Scene Investigation, playing a rebellious teenager. The New York Times noted that the character allowed Swift to be "a little bit naughty, and credibly so".[88] Later that year, Swift both hosted and performed as the musical guest for an episode of Saturday Night Live.[89] Entertainment Weekly described her as "this season's best Saturday Night Live host so far", noting that she "was always up for the challenge, seemed to be having fun, and helped the rest of the cast nail the punchlines".[90]

2010–2014: Speak Now and Red

Taylor Swift Sydney
Swift performing during the Speak Now World Tour in 2012

In August 2010, Swift released "Mine", the lead single from her third studio album, Speak Now. It entered the United States at number three, making Swift the second female artist in the history of the Hot 100 (after Mariah Carey) to debut multiple tracks in the top five in one year; the other was "Today Was a Fairytale" at number two.[91] Swift wrote the album alone and co produced every track.[92] Speak Now, released on October 25, 2010,[37] was a commercial success, debuting at number one on the Billboard 200, and becoming the 16th album to achieve opening week sales of one million copies.[93] It became the fastest-selling digital album by a female artist, with 278,000 downloads in a week, earning Swift an entry in the 2010 Guinness World Records. She earned another Guinness World Record entry after she became the first woman to achieve 10 track debuts on the Billboard Hot 100.[94][95] Three of the album's singles, "Mine", "Back to December", and "Mean", peaked in the top ten in Canada.[83] Later in 2010, she briefly dated actor Jake Gyllenhaal.[96]

"Mean" won Best Country Song and Best Country Solo Performance at the 54th Annual Grammy Awards.[97] Swift performed the song during the ceremony. Claire Suddath of Time felt she "delivered her comeback on-key and with a vengeance";[98] Jayme Deerwester of USA Today wrote that the criticism in 2010 seemed to have "made her a better songwriter and live performer".[99] Swift won various other awards for Speak Now, including Songwriter/Artist of the Year by the Nashville Songwriters Association (2010 and 2011),[100][101] Woman of the Year by Billboard (2011),[102] and Entertainer of the Year by the Academy of Country Music (2011 and 2012)[103] and the Country Music Association in 2011.[104] At the American Music Awards of 2011, Swift won Artist of the Year and Favorite Country Album.[105] Rolling Stone placed Speak Now at number 45 in its 2012 list of the "50 Best Female Albums of All Time", writing: "She might get played on the country station, but she's one of the few genuine rock stars we've got these days, with a flawless ear for what makes a song click."[106]

The Speak Now World Tour ran from February 2011 to March 2012 and grossed over $123 million.[107] In November 2011, Swift released her first live album, Speak Now World Tour: Live.[108] The following month, she contributed two original songs to The Hunger Games soundtrack album: "Safe & Sound", cowritten and recorded with the Civil Wars and T-Bone Burnett, and "Eyes Open". "Safe & Sound" won the Grammy Award for Best Song Written for Visual Media.[109] Swift contributed vocals to rapper B.o.B's "Both of Us", released in May 2012.[110] From July to September 2012, Swift dated political heir Conor Kennedy.[111] In August, Swift released "We Are Never Ever Getting Back Together", the lead single from her fourth studio album, Red. It became her first number one in the US and New Zealand[112][113] and reached the top slot on iTunes' digital song sales chart 50 minutes after its release, earning the "Fastest Selling Single in Digital History" Guinness World Record.[114] Swift released the album's second single, "Begin Again", in October. It reached number seven on the Billboard Hot 100.[115] Other singles released from the album include "I Knew You Were Trouble", "22", "Everything Has Changed", "The Last Time", and "Red". "I Knew You Were Trouble" was a major commercial success,[116] peaking at number two in the United States.[115]

Red was released on October 22, 2012,[37] incorporating new genres for Swift, such as heartland rock, dubstep and dance-pop. The album was a critical and commercial success,[13] and debuted at number one on the Billboard 200 with first-week sales of 1.21 million copies. This marked the highest opening sales in a decade in the United States, and made Swift the first female to have two million-selling album openings, a record recognized by the Guinness Book of World Records.[117][118] The Red Tour ran from March 2013 to June 2014 and grossed over $150 million; the tour broke China ticket sales record with all 18,000 tickets sold in 60 seconds.[119][120] Red earned several accolades, including four nominations at the 56th Annual Grammy Awards.[121] Its single "I Knew You Were Trouble" won Best Female Video at the 2013 MTV Video Music Awards.[122] Swift was named Best Female Country Artist at the 2012 American Music Awards and Artist of the Year at the 2013 ceremony.[123][124] She received the Nashville Songwriters Association's Songwriter/Artist Award for the fifth and sixth consecutive years in 2012 and 2013 respectively.[125] Swift was also honored by the Association with a special Pinnacle Award, making her the second recipient of the accolade after Garth Brooks.[126] During this time, she had a short-term relationship with British singer Harry Styles.[127]

In 2013, Swift co-wrote and co-produced "Sweeter than Fiction" with Jack Antonoff for the One Chance soundtrack, and received a Best Original Song nomination at the 71st Golden Globe Awards.[128] She provided guest vocals for Tim McGraw's song "Highway Don't Care", featuring guitar work by Keith Urban.[129] Swift performed "As Tears Go By" with the Rolling Stones in Chicago, Illinois as part of their 50 & Counting tour,[130] and stated that the band was a major influence on her career outlook.[131] She also joined Florida Georgia Line on stage during their set at the 2013 Country Radio Seminar to sing "Cruise".[132] Outside music, Swift voiced Audrey, a tree lover, in the animated film The Lorax (2012),[133] made a cameo in the sitcom New Girl (2013),[134] and had a supporting role in the film adaptation of The Giver (2014).[135]

2014–2017: 1989

In March 2014, Swift relocated to New York City.[136] Around this time, she was working on her fifth studio album, 1989, with writers Antonoff, Max Martin, Shellback, Imogen Heap, Ryan Tedder, and Ali Payami.[137] She promoted the album through various campaigns, including inviting fans to secret album-listening sessions, called the "1989 Secret Sessions".[138] Credited as her "first documented, official pop album", it marked a departure from her previous country albums.[139] The album was released on October 27, 2014 to positive reviews.[37][140]

Taylor Swift 039 (18117627828)
Swift performing "I Know Places" from her fifth studio album "1989" at the 1989 World Tour. The tour grossed $250 million and became one of the highest-grossing tours of the decade

1989 sold 1.28 million copies in the US during the first week of release and debuted atop the Billboard 200—this made Swift the first act to have three albums sell more than one million copies in their opening release week, for which she earned a Guinness World Record.[141][142] As of June 2017, 1989 had sold over 10 million copies worldwide.[143] The album's lead single, "Shake It Off", was released in August 2014 and debuted at number one on the Billboard Hot 100.[144] The album also generated two additional number-one singles—"Blank Space" and "Bad Blood" (featuring Kendrick Lamar)—as well as the top-ten entries "Style" and "Wildest Dreams", and other singles "Out of the Woods" and "New Romantics".[145] "Shake It Off", "Blank Space", and "Bad Blood" also topped the charts in Australia and Canada.[58][83] After "Blank Space" reached number-one in the US following "Shake It Off", Swift became the first woman in the Hot 100's history to succeed herself at the top spot.[146] The music video for the former briefly became the fastest video to reach one billion views on Vevo.[147] The videos for "Blank Space" and "Bad Blood" won four accolades at the 2015 MTV Video Music Awards, with the latter winning for Video of the Year and Best Collaboration.[148] Swift's headlining tour, the 1989 World Tour, running from May to December 2015, grossed over $250 million, and became one of the highest-grossing tours of the decade.[149]

Swift was named Billboard's Woman of the Year in 2014, becoming the first artist to win the award twice.[150] Also that year, she received the Dick Clark Award for Excellence at the American Music Awards.[151] In 2015, "Shake It Off" was nominated for three Grammy Awards, including Record of the Year and Song of the Year and Swift won the Brit Award for International Female Solo Artist.[152][153] Swift was one of eight artists to receive a 50th Anniversary Milestone Award at the 2015 Academy of Country Music Awards.[154] In 2016, Swift won three Grammy Awards for 1989—Album of the Year, Best Pop Vocal Album, and Best Music Video for "Bad Blood". She became the first woman, and fifth act overall, to win the first of these twice.[155]

Prior to 1989's release, Swift stressed the importance of albums to artists and fans.[156] In November 2014, she removed her entire catalog from Spotify, arguing that the streaming company's ad-supported, free service undermined the premium service, which provides higher royalties for songwriters.[157] In a June 2015 open letter, Swift criticized Apple Music for not offering royalties to artists during the streaming service's free three-month trial period and stated that she would pull 1989 from the catalog.[158] The following day, Apple announced that it would pay artists during the free trial period,[159] and Swift agreed to stream 1989 on the streaming service.[160] Swift's intellectual property rights management and holding company, TAS Rights Management, filed for 73 trademarks related to Swift and the 1989 era memes.[161] She re-added her entire catalog to Spotify, Amazon Music and Google Play in June 2017.[162]

In 2015, Swift performed "I Saw Her Standing There" and "Shake It Off" with Paul McCartney at the Saturday Night Live 40th Anniversary Special after-party,[163] and joined Kenny Chesney to sing "Big Star" on the opening night of his Big Revival Tour in Nashville.[164] In March 2015, Swift started dating Scottish DJ and record producer Calvin Harris.[165] By June 2015, the duo were ranked as the highest-paid celebrity couple over the past year by Forbes with combined earnings of over $146 million.[166] Before Swift and Harris announced the end of their relationship in June 2016,[167] the two co-wrote his song "This Is What You Came For" (featuring Rihanna), for which she was initially credited under the pseudonym Nils Sjöberg.[168] The same month Swift started dating English actor Tom Hiddleston;[169] the relationship ended several months later. In August, Swift addressed her mother's cancer diagnosis, and encouraged others to get a medical checkup.[170] In September 2016, Swift began dating British actor Joe Alwyn.[171][172] In October, she wrote Little Big Town's "Better Man" for their seventh album, The Breaker.[173] The song earned Swift an award for Song of the Year at the 51st CMA Awards.[174] Two months later, Swift and British singer Zayn Malik released a single together called "I Don't Wanna Live Forever", for the soundtrack of the film Fifty Shades Darker (2017). The song reached number one in Sweden and peaked at number two in the United States.[175][176] At the 2017 MTV Video Music Awards, the duo won the award for Best Collaboration for the song's music video.[177]

2017–present: Reputation and upcoming seventh album

In August 2017, Swift sued and prevailed in a civil trial against David Mueller, a former morning show personality for Denver's KYGO-FM. Four years earlier, Swift had informed Mueller's bosses that he had sexually assaulted her by groping her at an event. After being fired, Mueller accused Swift of lying and sued her for making him lose his job. Shortly after, Swift counter-sued for sexual assault. The jury rejected Mueller's claims and ruled in favor of Swift.[178] Swift thereafter cleared her social media accounts[179] and released "Look What You Made Me Do" as the lead single from her sixth album, Reputation (stylized as reputation).[180] The song topped the charts in Australia, Ireland, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the United States.[181][182] Its music video gained over 43.2 million views during its first day on YouTube, breaking the site's record for the most-viewed music video within 24 hours.[183] In October, Swift released the album's second single, "...Ready for It?",[184] which charted at number three in Australia and at number four in the United States.[185][182]

Taylor Swift Reputation Tour1 (cropped)
Swift performing "Dress" from her sixth studio album "reputation" on her Reputation Stadium Tour in May 2018

Two promotional singles were released from Reputation, "Gorgeous" and "Call It What You Want"; the former later became the album's fifth single, however only being released as such in Europe.[186] The album was released on November 10 and sold 1.216 million copies in the United States—becoming 2017's top-selling album (pure sales only) in the country—and 2 million copies worldwide during its first week.[187] With this achievement, she became the first act to have four albums sell one million copies within one week in the US.[188] The album topped the charts in several countries, including the US, the UK, Australia and Canada.[189][190] Later that month, Swift performed "...Ready for It?" and "Call It What You Want" on Saturday Night Live.[191] "End Game", featuring Ed Sheeran and Future, followed in November as the third single, and peaked at number 18 in the US.[192] Other singles from the album include "New Year's Day" and "Delicate", the former of which was released exclusively to country radio.[193]

In April 2018, Swift featured on Sugarland's "Babe" from their album Bigger.[a] In support of Reputation, Swift embarked on Taylor Swift's Reputation Stadium Tour from May to November 2018.[195] The tour broke multiple venue attendance and grossing records in the United States, earning $266.1 million and selling more than two million tickets. As a result, Swift broke her own record for the highest-grossing domestic tour by a woman[b] and surpassed The Rolling Stones' $245 million-grossing A Bigger Bang Tour (2005–2007).[196] Worldwide, the tour grossed $345.7 million,[197] making it the second highest-grossing concert tour of the year.[198] At the American Music Awards of 2018, Swift won Tour of the Year for the tour, Artist of the Year, Favorite Pop/Rock Female Artist, and Favorite Pop/Rock Album for Reputation. With a total of 23 awards, she became the most awarded female winner in AMA history, a record previously held by Whitney Houston.[199] Reputation was nominated for a Grammy Award in the Best Pop Vocal Album category.[200]

In July 2018, Swift was cast as Bombalurina in the movie adaptation of the musical Cats.[201][202] In early November, Swift released a compilation album titled reputation Stadium Tour Surprise Song Playlist for digital streaming only on all streaming platforms. It is an album with a playlist moniker featuring all songs that were featured as 'secret songs' at performances of her then-recent tour.[203] Reputation was Swift's last album under her 12-year contract with Big Machine Records. In November 2018, Swift signed a new multi-album deal with Big Machine's distributor Universal Music Group; in the United States, her future releases will be promoted under the Republic Records imprint. Swift stated that the contract included provisions for her to maintain ownership of her master recordings. In addition, UMG agreed to, in the event that it sells portions of its stake in Spotify, distribute proceeds among its artists and make them non-recoupable.[204] Swift's first release with Republic Records, "ME!", was the lead single from her upcoming seventh studio album, featuring Brendon Urie of Panic! at the Disco, on April 26, 2019.[205]

Artistry

Influences

Shania Twain (left) and Stevie Nicks (right) have influenced Swift.

ShaniaTwainJune2011
Stevie Nicks 2

One of Swift's earliest musical memories is listening to her maternal grandmother, Marjorie Finlay, sing in church.[2] As a child, she enjoyed Disney film soundtracks: "My parents noticed that, once I had run out of words, I would just make up my own".[206] Swift has said she owes her confidence to her mother, who helped her prepare for class presentations as a child.[207] She also attributes her "fascination with writing and storytelling" to her mother.[208] Swift was drawn to the storytelling of country music,[209] and was introduced to the genre by "the great female country artists of the '90s"—Shania Twain, Faith Hill, and the Dixie Chicks.[210][211] Twain, both as a songwriter and performer, was her biggest musical influence.[212] Hill was Swift's childhood role model: "Everything she said, did, wore, I tried to copy it".[213] She admired the Dixie Chicks' defiant attitude and their ability to play their own instruments.[214] The band's "Cowboy Take Me Away" was the first song Swift learned to play on the guitar.[215] Swift also explored the music of older country stars, including Patsy Cline, Loretta Lynn, Dolly Parton, and Tammy Wynette.[14] She believes Parton is "an amazing example to every female songwriter out there".[216] Alt-country artists such as Ryan Adams,[217] Patty Griffin[218] and Lori McKenna have inspired Swift.[5]

Swift lists Paul McCartney, The Rolling Stones,[131] Bruce Springsteen, Emmylou Harris, Kris Kristofferson, and Carly Simon as her career role models: "They've taken chances, but they've also been the same artist for their entire careers".[5][219] McCartney, both as a Beatle and a solo artist, makes Swift feel "as if I've been let into his heart and his mind ... Any musician could only dream of a legacy like that".[220] She admires Springsteen for being "so musically relevant after such a long period of time".[221] She aspires to be like Harris as she grows older: "It's not about fame for her, it's about music".[222] "[Kristofferson] shines in songwriting ... He's just one of those people who has been in this business for years but you can tell it hasn't chewed him up and spat him out", Swift says.[223] She admires Simon's "songwriting and honesty ... She's known as an emotional person but a strong person".[224]

Swift has also been influenced by many artists outside the country genre. As a pre-teen, she enjoyed bubblegum pop acts including Hanson and Britney Spears; Swift has said she has "unwavering devotion" for Spears.[225][226] In her high school years, Swift listened to rock bands such as Dashboard Confessional,[227] Fall Out Boy,[228] and Jimmy Eat World.[229] She has also spoken fondly of singers and songwriters like Michelle Branch,[229] Alanis Morissette,[230] Ashlee Simpson,[231] Fefe Dobson,[229] Colbie Caillat,[232] Beyoncé,[233] and Justin Timberlake;[234] and the 1960s acts The Shirelles, Doris Troy, and The Beach Boys.[235] Swift's fifth album, the pop-focused 1989, was influenced by some of her favorite 1980s pop acts, including Annie Lennox, Phil Collins and "Like a Prayer-era Madonna".[236]

Musical style

Phoenix-Musical Intrument Museum-Taylo Swift Les Pual guitar
Swift's Les Paul guitar and cordless microphone on exhibit in the Artist Gallery of the Musical Instrument Museum of Phoenix in Arizona

Swift's music contains elements of pop, pop rock, and country.[237] She described herself as a country artist until the 2014 release of 1989, which she described as a "sonically cohesive pop album".[238] Rolling Stone wrote: "[Swift] might get played on the country station, but she's one of the few genuine rock stars we've got these days."[239] According to The New York Times, "There isn't much in Ms. Swift's music to indicate country—a few banjo strums, a pair of cowboy boots worn onstage, a bedazzled guitar—but there's something in her winsome, vulnerable delivery that's unique to Nashville".[240] The Guardian wrote that Swift "cranks melodies out with the pitiless efficiency of a Scandinavian pop factory".[241]

Swift's vocals were described by Sophie Schillaci of The Hollywood Reporter as "sweet, but soft".[242] The Los Angeles Times identified Swift's "defining" vocal gesture in studio recordings as "the line that slides down like a contented sigh or up like a raised eyebrow, giving her beloved girl-time hits their air of easy intimacy".[243] Rolling Stone, in a Speak Now review, wrote: "Swift's voice is unaffected enough to mask how masterful she has become as a singer; she lowers her voice for the payoff lines in the classic mode of a shy girl trying to talk tough."[244] In another review of Speak Now, The Village Voice wrote that her phrasing was previously "bland and muddled, but that's changed. She can still sound strained and thin, and often strays into a pitch that drives some people crazy; but she's learned how to make words sound like what they mean."[245] The Hollywood Reporter wrote that her live vocals are "fine", but they do not match those of her peers.[242] In 2009, Ken Tucker of Entertainment Weekly described Swift's vocals as "flat, thin, and sometimes as wobbly as a newborn colt".[246] However, Swift has received praise for refusing to correct her pitch with Auto-Tune.[247]

In an interview with The New Yorker, Swift characterized herself primarily as a songwriter: "I write songs, and my voice is just a way to get those lyrics across."[5] A writer for The Tennessean conceded in 2010 that Swift is "not the best technical singer", but described her as the "best communicator that we've got".[248] Swift's vocal presence is something that concerns her and she has "put a lot of work" into improving it.[249] It was reported in 2010 that she continues to take vocal lessons.[250] She has said that she only feels nervous performing "if I'm not sure what the audience thinks of me, like at award shows".[251]

Songwriting

Swift uses her life experiences as an inspiration in her work.[252] In her songs, Swift often addresses the "anonymous crushes of her high school years" and celebrities.[253] Swift frequently criticizes ex-boyfriends,[254] an aspect of her songwriting downplayed by The Village Voice: "Being told What Songs Mean is like having a really pushy professor. And it imperils a true appreciation of Swift's talent, which is not confessional, but dramatic."[255] However, New York believes the media scrutiny over her decision to "mine her personal life for music ... is sexist, inasmuch as it's not asked of her male peers".[256] Swift said that not all her songs are factual and that they are sometimes based on observations.[257] Aside from her liner note clues, Swift tries not to talk about song subjects specifically "because these are real people. You try to give insight as to where you were coming from as a writer without completely throwing somebody under the bus".[258]

Taylor Swift Speak Now Tour 2011 4
Swift during her Speak Now World Tour in Pittsburgh, 2011

For a female to write about her feelings, and then be portrayed as some clingy, insane, desperate girlfriend in need of making you marry her and have kids with her, I think that's taking something that potentially should be celebrated—a woman writing about her feelings in a confessional way—that's taking it and turning it and twisting it into something that is frankly a little sexist.

— Swift in response to criticism of her songwriting[259]

The Guardian has praised Swift for writing about teenage years "with a kind of wistful, sepia-toned nostalgia" over the course of her first two albums.[241] New York has remarked that many singer-songwriters have made great records as teens, but "none made great records so explicitly about their teens". The magazine has also compared her work to Brian Wilson.[260] In Fearless, Swift featured fairy tale imagery and explored the disconnect "between fairy tales and the reality of love".[261] Her later albums address more adult relationships.[219] In addition to romance and love, Swift's songs have discussed parent-child relationships, friendships,[262][263] alienation, fame, and career ambitions.[208] Swift frequently includes "a tossed-off phrase to suggest large and serious things that won't fit in the song, things that enhance or subvert the surface narrative".[264]

Rolling Stone describes Swift as "a songwriting savant with an intuitive gift for verse-chorus-bridge architecture".[265] According to The Village Voice, she uses third-verse point of view reversals frequently.[264] In terms of imagery, repetition is evident in Swift's songwriting. In The Guardian's words, "she spends so much time kissin' in the rain that it seems a miracle she hasn't developed trenchfoot".[241] Slant Magazine adds, "to Swift's credit, she explores new lyrical motifs over the course of [her fourth] album".[266] Although reviews of Swift's work are "almost uniformly positive", The New Yorker has said she is generally portrayed "more as a skilled technician than as a Dylanesque visionary".[5]

Public image

Swift's personal life is the subject of constant media attention.[267] In 2013, Abercrombie & Fitch marketed a slogan T-shirt with a "slut-shaming" remark directed toward her.[268] The New York Times asserted that her "dating history has begun to stir what feels like the beginning of a backlash" and questioned whether Swift was in the midst of a "quarter-life crisis".[269] Swift has said that she is unwilling to discuss her personal life in public,[267] as she believes that talking about it can be "a career weakness".[270]

5.3.10TaylorSwiftByDavidShankbone
Swift at the 2010 Time 100 Gala, where she was honored

Rolling Stone remarks upon her polite manner: "If this is Swift's game face, it must be tattooed on because it never drops."[271] The magazine also takes note of her "ease with glad-handing",[34] and The Hollywood Reporter credits her as "the Best People Person since Bill Clinton".[272] While presenting Swift an award for her humanitarian endeavors in 2012, Michelle Obama described her as a singer who "has rocketed to the top of the music industry but still keeps her feet on the ground, someone who has shattered every expectation of what a 22-year-old can accomplish".[273] Swift considers Michelle Obama to be a role model.[274] Swift is one of the most followed people on social media, and is known for her friendly interactions with her fans.[275][276] She has delivered holiday gifts to fans by mail and in person, dubbed "Swiftmas".[277] She considers it her "responsibility" to be conscious of her influence on young fans,[278] and has said that her fans are "the longest and best relationship I have ever had".[279]

Often described by the media as "America's Sweetheart",[280] Swift insists that "I don't live by all these rigid, weird rules that make me feel all fenced in. I just like the way that I feel like, and that makes me feel very free". She refuses to take part in overly sexualized photo-shoots,[281] although Bloomberg L.P. views her as a sex symbol.[282] Swift was named an Icon of American Style by Vogue in 2011.[283] In 2014 she topped People's annual best dressed list.[284] In 2015, she was named Woman of the Year at the Elle Style Awards,[285] and ranked first in Maxim's Hot 100 list.[286]

Swift has also appeared in various power listings. Due to her success and earnings, she was included in Time's annual list of the 100 most influential people in 2010, 2015, and 2019.[287] From 2011 to 2015, she appeared in the top three of the Forbes Top-Earning Women in Music with earnings of $45 million, $57 million, $55 million, $64 million and $80 million respectively.[288] In 2015, she became the youngest woman ever to be included on Forbes' 100 most powerful women list, ranked at number 64.[289] In 2016, Swift topped Forbes' annual list of the 100 highest-paid celebrities with $170 million—a feat that entered the Guinness World Records[290]—and also ranked among the top ten in 2011, 2013 and 2015.[291] She was one of the finalists for Time Person of the Year in 2014, and was named so in 2017 as part of the "Silence Breakers" who spoke up about sexual assault.[292][293] In June 2017, Forbes estimated Swift's net worth to be $280 million.[294] The magazine later estimated it was $320 million in July 2018.[295]

Other ventures

Philanthropy

Swift's philanthropic efforts have been recognized by the Do Something Awards and the Tennessee Disaster Services.[296][297] She has also received The Big Help Award for her "dedication to helping others" and "inspiring others through action",[298] and the Ripple of Hope Award because of her "dedication to advocacy at such a young age […] Taylor is just the kind of woman we want our daughters to be".[299] In 2008, she donated $100,000 to the Red Cross to help the victims of the Iowa flood of 2008.[300] Swift has performed in charity reliefs including Sydney's Sound Relief concert.[301] She also recorded a song for the Hope for Haiti Now album.[302] In response to the May 2010 Tennessee floods, Swift donated $500,000 during a telethon hosted by WSMV.[303] In 2011, Swift used a dress rehearsal of her Speak Now tour as a benefit concert for victims of recent tornadoes in the United States, raising more than $750,000.[304] In 2012, Swift supported Architecture for Humanity's Restore the Shore MTV telethon in the aftermath of Hurricane Sandy.[305] In 2016, she made donations to the Louisiana flood relief and Dolly Parton Fire Fund.[306][307]

Swift is a supporter of the arts and donated $75,000 to Nashville's Hendersonville High School in 2010 to help refurbish the school auditorium.[308] In 2012, she pledged $4 million to fund the building of a new education center at the Country Music Hall of Fame and Museum in Nashville.[309] Also in 2012, Swift partnered with textbook rental company Chegg to donate $60,000 to the music departments of six US colleges.[310] Swift also promotes children's literacy. In 2009, she donated $250,000 to various schools around the country for improvement of education.[311] Her other endeavors to promote literacy include donating 6,000 Scholastic books to Reading Public Library, Pennsylvania;[312] 14,000 books to Nashville Public Library, Tennessee;[313] 2,000 Scholastic books to the Reading Hospital Child Health Center's early literacy program;[314] and 25,000 books to New York City schools in 2015.[315]

In 2007, she launched a campaign to protect children from online predators, in partnership with the Tennessee Association of Chiefs of Police.[316] In 2009, Swift recorded a Sound Matters public service announcement (PSA) to make listeners aware of the importance of listening "responsibly" to prevent hearing impairment.[317] Swift has donated items for auction to several charities, including: the Elton John AIDS Foundation, the UNICEF Tap Project, MusiCares, and Feeding America.[318] As a recipient of the Academy of Country Music's Entertainer of the Year in 2011, Swift donated $25,000 to St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Tennessee.[319] In 2012, Swift participated in the Stand Up to Cancer telethon, performing "Ronan", a song she wrote in memory of a four-year-old boy who died of neuroblastoma. The song was made available for digital download with all proceeds donated to cancer-related charities.[320] In 2014, she donated $100,000 to the V Foundation for Cancer Research,[321] and $50,000 to Children's Hospital of Philadelphia.[322] She made private visits to hospitals to meet with sick patients and to support them.[323] Swift has encouraged young people to volunteer in their local communities as part of Global Youth Service Day.[324]

In 2018, she collaborated with 300 women in Hollywood to set up the Time's Up initiative to protect women from harassment and discrimination,[325] and donated $100,000 to its legal defense fund.[326] On May 7, 2018, the day before her Reputation Stadium Tour kicked off, Swift invited 2,000 foster and adopted children to a dress rehearsal at Glendale, Arizona.[327] Later that year, Swift made a surprise appearance at a benefit concert in New York City raising money for LGBT equality.[328] In April 2019, Swift donated $113,000 to the LGBT organization Tennessee Equality Project.[329]

Politics

During the 2008 presidential campaign, Swift promoted the Every Woman Counts campaign, aimed at engaging women in the political process, and was one of many country stars to record a PSA for the Vote (For Your) Country campaign.[330] She stated: "I don't think it's my job to try and influence people which way they should vote."[14] Following Barack Obama's inauguration, she told Rolling Stone that she supported the president: "I've never seen this country so happy about a political decision in my entire time of being alive. I'm so glad this was my first election."[331]

In a 2012 interview, Swift remarked that in spite of keeping herself "as educated and informed as possible", she does not discuss politics, fearing that it might influence other people.[332] Writing about media pressure on Swift to publicly take political stances, Politico called Swift "studiously apolitical".[333] Swift has spent time with the Kennedy family[334] and has spoken of her admiration for Ethel Kennedy.[223] Swift is also a feminist.[335] She has spoken out against LGBT discrimination.[336] Following the 2008 murder of Larry King, she recorded a GLSEN PSA to combat hate crimes.[337] On the first anniversary of King's death, Swift told Seventeen that her parents taught her "never to judge others based on whom they love, what color their skin is, or their religion".[338] The music video for Swift's anti-bullying song "Mean" deals in part with homophobia in high schools; the video was nominated for an MTV VMA social activism award in 2011.[339][340] The New York Times believes she is part of "a new wave of young (and mostly straight) women who are providing the soundtrack for a generation of gay fans coming to terms with their identity in a time of turbulent and confusing cultural messages".[339]

Prior to the 2018 midterm elections, Swift endorsed candidates for public office for the first time, declaring her support for two Democratic candidates:[341][342] Congressman Jim Cooper for re-election to the House of Representatives, and former Governor of Tennessee Phil Bredesen for election to the Senate. She spoke out against Bredesen's opponent, Republican Congresswoman Marsha Blackburn, stating that her voting record "appalled" and "terrified" her. She expressed her desire for LGBT rights and gender and racial equality, and condemned systemic racism.[343] Vote.org, mentioned in Swift's post, reported that 65,000 people registered to vote in the 24 hours following Swift's post, an unprecedented surge even accounting for usual registration increases as deadlines approach.[344][345] During Swift's acceptance speech for Artist of the Year at the American Music Awards of 2018, she encouraged her fans to vote in the 2018 midterm elections.[199]

Product endorsements

While promoting her debut album, Swift appeared as the face of Verizon Wireless' Mobile Music campaign.[346] In the Fearless era, she launched a l.e.i. sundress range at Wal-Mart,[347] and designed American Greetings cards and Jakks Pacific dolls.[348][349] She became a spokesperson for the National Hockey League's (NHL) Nashville Predators and Sony Cyber-shot digital cameras.[350][351] In the Speak Now era, she released a special edition of her album through Target.[352] Swift became a CoverGirl spokesmodel,[353] and launched two Elizabeth Arden fragrances—Wonderstruck and Wonderstruck Enchanted.[354]

While promoting her fourth album, Red, Swift offered exclusive album promotions through Target,[355] Papa John's Pizza,[356] and Walgreens.[357] She became a spokesmodel for Diet Coke and Keds sneakers,[358] released her third Elizabeth Arden fragrance named Taylor by Taylor Swift,[359] and continued her partnerships with Sony Electronics and American Greetings.[360][361] Swift also partnered with the companies AirAsia[362] and Qantas[363] during the Red Tour. These acted as the official airlines for the Australian and Asian legs, and Cornetto sponsored the Asian leg of the tour.[364] While promoting 1989, Swift had tie-ins with Subway, Keds, Target and Diet Coke.[365] In 2014, Swift released her fourth fragrance, Incredible Things.[366]

In 2016, Swift signed a multi-year deal with AT&T;[367] she later headlined DirecTV's Super Saturday Night, the night prior to the 2017 Super Bowl. While promoting Reputation, Swift released a series of behind the scenes videos showing the album recording process through DirecTV.[368] In 2018, Swift released two commercials for AT&T.[369][370] The same year, Swift partnered with Fujifilm on a special-edition autographed Instax camera, which includes a selfie-mode and double exposure.[371][372]

Awards and achievements

Swift has received many awards and honors, including 10 Grammy Awards,[373] 23 American Music Awards (most wins by a female artist),[374] 23 Billboard Music Awards (most wins by a female artist),[375] 12 Country Music Association Awards, 8 Academy of Country Music Awards,[376] one Brit Award,[153] and one Emmy Award.[377] As a songwriter, she has been honored by the Nashville Songwriters Association[49][378] and the Songwriters Hall of Fame, and has been listed in Rolling Stone's 2015 list of the 100 Greatest Songwriters of All Time.[379][380]

Swift has sold more than 50 million albums, 150 million single downloads,[381] and was one of the top five music artists with the highest worldwide digital sales.[143] Swift's studio albums Taylor Swift, Fearless, Speak Now, Red, and 1989 have all sold over four million copies in the US.[382] She is the third best-selling digital singles artist in the US with a total of 106.5 million equivalent units certified according to Recording Industry Association of America.[383]

Discography

Tours

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ Swift and Pat Monahan of Train wrote the song originally for Swift's 2012 album Red.[194]
  2. ^ In August 2015, her 1989 World Tour grossed $181.5 million.[196]

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External links

1989 (Taylor Swift album)

1989 is the fifth studio album by American singer-songwriter Taylor Swift, released on October 27, 2014 through Big Machine Records. Swift started songwriting for the album in mid-2013, during which she was touring in support of her fourth studio release Red (2012). Contemporary critics noted Red's mild departure from Swift's previously characteristic country styles and incorporation of straightforward pop hooks, a result of Swift's collaborations with pop producers Max Martin and Shellback. Inspired by 1980s synth-pop for Red's follow-up, Swift completely moved away from country and enlisted a production team whose key figures included Martin, Shellback, and Jack Antonoff, who shaped the album's overall 1980s-styled sonic coherence. Martin and Swift served as the album's executive producers.

Titled after Swift's birth year, 1989 is a synth-pop record that uses heavy synthesizers, programmed percussion, and processed background vocals, effectively eschewing her signature country sound. While the album mostly talks about Swift's common theme of reflections on past romantic relationships, it presents more mature and wistful perspectives, and therefrom expresses self-discovery. Critical reaction to 1989 was generally positive: the pop production polarized reviewers, but Swift's songwriting received mostly favorable responses. The album was included in the top ten of year-end lists by such publications as Billboard, Rolling Stone, and Time. It won Album of the Year at the 58th Grammy Awards, making Swift the first female solo artist to win the category twice.

The album debuted atop the US Billboard 200 with first-week sales of 1.287 million copies, making Swift the first artist to have three million-selling albums within first week of release in the country. It also reached number one in several markets including Australia, Canada, and the UK. 1989 was among the best-selling albums of 2014 and 2015 globally, and has sold 6.1 million copies in the US and 10.1 million copies worldwide. The album was promoted by seven singles, three of which charted atop the US Billboard Hot 100—"Shake It Off", "Blank Space", and a remix of "Bad Blood" featuring rapper Kendrick Lamar. Its associated world tour ran from May to December 2015 and accumulated over $250 million, becoming the highest-grossing concert tour of 2015.

Bad Blood (Taylor Swift song)

"Bad Blood" is a song by American singer-songwriter Taylor Swift, from her fifth studio album 1989 (2014). Swift co-wrote the song with its producers Max Martin and Shellback, with a remixed version featuring additional writing and guest vocals from American rapper Kendrick Lamar. The Lamar version was released by Republic Records on May 17, 2015 as the fourth single from 1989. The lyrics of "Bad Blood" describe betrayal by a close friend. The album version is the eighth track of 1989.

The song reached number one in Australia, Canada, Israel, New Zealand, Scotland, and the United States, becoming the third song from 1989 to do so. The accompanying music video was directed by Joseph Kahn and features an ensemble cast. The video previously held the 24-Hour Vevo Record with 20.1 million views, before being surpassed by Adele's "Hello". It won Video of the Year and Best Collaboration at the 2015 MTV Video Music Awards. The song received a nomination for Best Pop Duo/Group Performance while its music video won Best Music Video at the 58th Grammy Awards.

Blank Space

"Blank Space" is a song recorded by American singer-songwriter Taylor Swift for her fifth studio album 1989 (2014). It was written by Swift, Max Martin and Shellback. The song was released to the radio by Republic Records on November 10, 2014 as the album's second single, after "Shake It Off" and is the second track on the album. It is an electropop song with lyrics that satirize the media's perception of Swift and her relationships.Within three weeks, "Blank Space" reached number one on the US Billboard Hot 100 following "Shake It Off". Swift became the first woman in the Hot 100's 56-year history to succeed herself at the top spot. It has received universal acclaim from critics. It has also been included in numerous year-end critics' lists. The song has also topped charts in Canada, South Africa, Australia and Scotland. It also charted in the top 10 in numerous countries, such as Austria, Czech Republic, Germany, New Zealand, Spain, and the United Kingdom. It is one of the best-selling singles of all time.

The song's accompanying music video was directed by Joseph Kahn and was shot over three days at Oheka Castle in Huntington, New York. The song received its first televised performance at the 2014 American Music Awards and as part of "Taylor Swift's 1989 Secret Session with iHeartRadio" on October 27, 2014, in New York City.

The song received nominations for the 58th Grammy Awards for Record of the Year, Song of the Year and Best Pop Solo Performance.

End Game (song)

"End Game" is a song by American singer-songwriter Taylor Swift, featuring British singer Ed Sheeran and American rapper Future, recorded for her sixth studio album, Reputation (2017). The track, written by the trio of artists and producers Max Martin and Shellback, was first released to French contemporary pop radio as the album's third single on November 14, 2017. It was later sent to contemporary hit radio on January 26, 2018 in the United Kingdom.

Fearless (Taylor Swift album)

Fearless is the second studio album by American singer-songwriter Taylor Swift. The album was released on November 11, 2008, by Big Machine Records. As with her first album, Taylor Swift, Swift wrote or co-wrote all thirteen tracks on Fearless. Most of the songs were written as the singer promoted her first album as the opening act for numerous country artists. Due to the unavailability of collaborators on the road, eight songs were written by Swift. Other songs were co-written with Liz Rose, Hillary Lindsey, Colbie Caillat, and John Rich. Swift also made her debut as a record producer, co-producing all songs on the album with Nathan Chapman.

Five singles were released from Fearless. The first single, "Love Story", sold more than 8.1 million copies worldwide (according to the IFPI). It was a crossover hit that became one of the best-selling singles of all time internationally and was once the best-selling country song of all time. The succeeding single, "White Horse", also performed well in the US. "You Belong with Me" was an international success, becoming Swift's second best-selling single and her highest position on the US Billboard Hot 100 at the time. "Fifteen" and "Fearless" followed with both achieving a platinum certification from the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA).

Fearless was an international breakthrough and huge commercial success for Swift. It debuted at No. 1 in the United States, and later became the best-selling album of 2009, selling over 3.2 million copies. It gave Swift, 18 at the time, the distinction of being the youngest artist in history to have the year's best-selling album. It has sold over 7 million copies in the United States. Fearless topped the charts in Canada and New Zealand and achieved multi-platinum status in six countries. In all, Fearless has sold more than 9,7 million copies worldwide as of December 2017. Fearless is also the most awarded album in the history of country music, winning Album of the Year at the 52nd Annual Grammy Awards, the American Music Awards of 2009, the Country Music Association Awards and the Academy of Country Music Awards. Winning Album of the Year at age 20, Swift became the youngest artist in the history of the Grammy Awards to win the award. She would later win her second Album of the Year six years later. On December 11, 2017, Fearless became the 121st album to achieve a diamond certification in the United States, signifying 10,000,000 album-equivalent units. To promote the album, Swift embarked on her first concert tour, Fearless Tour between April 2009 and June 2010.

List of awards and nominations received by Taylor Swift

American singer-songwriter Taylor Swift has received many awards and nominations for her music work. Swift signed a record deal with Big Machine Records in 2005 and released her eponymous debut album in 2006, which was nominated for an Academy of Country Music Award. At the 50th Annual Grammy Awards, she earned a Best New Artist nomination. Her second album Fearless (2008) produced five singles, including "Love Story", "White Horse", and the MTV Video Music Award for Best Female Video-winning song "You Belong with Me". Swift was subsequently nominated for eight categories at the 52nd Grammy Awards, and won four of them, including Album of the Year, becoming the youngest recipient of the award. Fearless became the first album to win the American Music Country Award, Country Music Association, Academy of Country Music Award and Grammy Award for Album of the Year.Swift was awarded the American Music Award for Artist of the Year in 2009. The following year, she was listed in Time 100, an annual list of the 100 most influential people. Her third album Speak Now (2010) won Favorite Country Album at the American Music Awards of 2011, and holds the record for Fastest Selling Digital Album by a Female Artist in Guinness World Records. Its single "Mean" won two Grammy Awards. In late 2011, Swift contributed two original songs to The Hunger Games soundtrack album, including "Safe & Sound", which was awarded the Grammy Award for Best Song Written for Visual Media. Her fourth album Red (2012) was nominated for the Juno Award and Grammy Award for Album of the Year.

In 2014, Swift won the Billboard Woman of the Year for the second time after being honored in 2011. Her 2014 album—the pop-focused 1989—earned her three awards at the 58th Grammy Awards, including her second Album of the Year win, making her the first woman to win the award twice. She was also nominated at the ceremony for Record of the Year and Song of the Year (for "Blank Space"), categories she was previously nominated in for "You Belong with Me" and "Shake It Off". In 2015, the IFPI Global Recording Artist of the Year Award presented her the Global Recording Artist award, and the Billboard Music Awards declared her the recipient of eight accolades. At the 2015 MTV Video Music Awards, Swift won four awards, including Video of the Year for "Bad Blood". At the 64th annual BMI Pop Awards, Swift was honored with the Taylor Swift Award, becoming the second artist after Michael Jackson to be honored by such an award which has been named after the recipient of the award by BMI.At the American Music Awards of 2018, Swift won Artist of the Year, Favorite Pop/Rock Female Artist, Favorite Pop/Rock Album for her sixth studio album Reputation, and Tour of the Year for Taylor Swift's Reputation Stadium Tour. With a total of 23 awards, she became the most awarded female winner in AMA history, a record previously held by Whitney Houston and the second most awarded artist ever. Swift also holds the record of most Billboard Music Awards (23), and most Teen Choice Awards (25) by a solo artist.

List of songs recorded by Taylor Swift

Taylor Swift is an American singer-songwriter. She signed a record deal with Big Machine Records in 2005 and released her eponymous debut album in 2006. Swift wrote three of the album's tracks: "Our Song", "Should've Said No", and "The Outside". The remaining eight were co-written with writers Liz Rose, Robert Ellis Orrall, Brian Maher, and Angelo Petraglia. In 2007, she released her first extended play (EP) Sounds of the Season: The Taylor Swift Holiday Collection, which contains two original tracks written by her: "Christmases When You Were Mine" and "Christmas Must Be Something More".

Beautiful Eyes, Swift's second EP, was released in 2008 and features alternate takes of songs from her debut album as well as two new tracks; the title track and "I Heart ?". Swift wrote most of her songs from her second album, Fearless (2008) while she promoted her debut album as opening act for country artists. As collaborators were not available on the road, Swift self-penned eight of the tracks while the rest were co-written with Rose, Hillary Lindsey, Colbie Caillat, and John Rich. She contributed two songs, "Today Was a Fairytale" and "Jump Then Fall", to the Valentine's Day soundtrack, and recorded a cover of Better Than Ezra's "Breathless" for the Hope for Haiti Now album. Swift wrote every track of her Speak Now (2010) album without any co-writers. The album expands on the country pop style of her previous work, and touches on themes of love, romance, and heartbreak.In late 2011, Swift contributed two original songs, "Safe & Sound", featuring duo The Civil Wars, and "Eyes Open", to The Hunger Games soundtrack album. Swift's fourth album Red (2012) marked a change in her musical style with the experimentation of heartland rock, dubstep, and dance-pop. In addition to collaborating with producer Nathan Chapman—who also recorded her first three albums—she worked with new producers, such as Dann Huff, Max Martin, and Shellback; the latter two also co-wrote the album with her. In 2013, she provided guest vocals for Tim McGraw's "Highway Don't Care", which features guitar work by Keith Urban, and performed "Sweeter than Fiction" for the One Chance soundtrack album.

Swift released her fifth album 1989 in 2014. Credited as her "first documented, official pop album", it marks a departure from her previous country albums. It incorporates musical genres, such as dance-pop, electropop and synth-pop, and is described as an album "driven by synths and drums in lieu of guitar". For the album, Swift worked with new co-writers, including Jack Antonoff and Ryan Tedder. Swift and Martin served as the executive producer. She enlisted her long-time collaborators Chapman and Shellback, and for the first time Noel Zancanella, Mattman & Robin, and Greg Kurstin. In December 2016, Swift recorded the song "I Don't Wanna Live Forever" for the film Fifty Shades Darker with British singer Zayn. On her sixth album Reputation (2017), Swift served as the executive producer, and worked with long-time collaborators Antonoff, Martin, Shellback, alongside new collaborators like Ali Payami, Oscar Görres and Oscar Holter.

Look What You Made Me Do

"Look What You Made Me Do" is a song recorded by American singer-songwriter Taylor Swift, released on August 24, 2017 by Big Machine Records as the lead single from her sixth studio album Reputation (2017). Swift wrote and produced the song with her co-producer Jack Antonoff. "Look What You Made Me Do" is an electroclash and pop song, with lyrics about various issues that built Swift's reputation. Right Said Fred band members Fred Fairbrass, Richard Fairbrass, and Rob Manzoli are also credited as songwriters, as it interpolates the melody of their song "I'm Too Sexy" (1991).

The song broke a string of records, including the record for the most plays in a single day on Spotify. Commercially, "Look What You Made Me Do" has topped the charts in Australia, Canada, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Greece, Ireland, Israel, Japan, Lebanon, Malaysia, New Zealand, the Philippines, Slovakia, the United Kingdom, and the United States. It has also received Platinum certifications in Australia, Canada, Italy, Sweden and the United States. It also received Diamond certification in Brazil.

The song received a polarized response from music critics. Its music video was directed by Joseph Kahn and upon its release on YouTube, it attained the most views in its first 24 hours of release, more than any other music video on the site at that time.

Love Story (Taylor Swift song)

"Love Story" is a song written and performed by American singer-songwriter Taylor Swift. She also co-produced the track with Nathan Chapman. It was released on September 12, 2008 by Big Machine Records, as the lead single from Swift's second studio album Fearless (2008). Considered as her signature song, it was written about a love interest of Swift's who was not popular among Swift's family and friends. Because of the scenario, Swift related to the plot of William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet (1597) and used it as a source of inspiration to compose the song. However, she replaced Romeo and Juliet's original tragic conclusion with a happy ending. It is a midtempo song with a dreamy soprano voice, while the melody continually builds. The lyrics are from the perspective of Juliet.

The song received wide critical praise with critics complimenting Swift's writing style and the song's plot. It was also a commercial success, selling over 18 million copies worldwide, therefore establishing itself among the best-selling singles of all time. In the United States, the song peaked at number four on the Billboard Hot 100 and sold over 9 million paid digital downloads, becoming Swift's best-selling single to date and was once the best-selling download by a female country solo artist. It is also one of the best-selling singles in the United States and it was once the best-selling digital country single of all time there. The single was certified 8× Platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA). Internationally, "Love Story" became Swift's first number one single in Australia, followed by "Shake It Off" in 2014. The song has been certified 7x platinum by the Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA). The song is one of the best-selling singles worldwide, with worldwide sales of more than 15 millions of units by 2010 (according to the IFPI).The song's accompanying music video was directed by Trey Fanjoy, who directed the majority of Swift's prior videos. The video is a period piece that drew influences from the Medieval, Renaissance, and British Regency (1813) eras. It follows Swift and model Justin Gaston as they meet in a university campus and imagine themselves in a prior era. "Love Story" was promoted through numerous live performances. The song was included on all of Swift's headlining tours, the Fearless Tour (2009–10), the Speak Now World Tour (2011–12), the Red Tour (2013–14), the 1989 World Tour (2015) and the Reputation Stadium Tour (2018). "Love Story" has been covered by several artists, including Joe McElderry and Forever the Sickest Kids.

Me!

"Me!" (stylized in all caps) is a song by American singer-songwriter Taylor Swift featuring Brendon Urie, the lead singer of Panic! at the Disco. It was released by Republic Records and Taylor Swift Productions, Inc on April 26, 2019, as the lead single from her upcoming seventh studio album.

Red (Taylor Swift album)

Red is the fourth studio album by American singer-songwriter Taylor Swift. It was released on October 22, 2012, by Big Machine Records, as the follow-up to her third studio album, Speak Now. The album title was inspired by the "semi-toxic relationships" that Swift experienced during the process of conceiving this album, with Swift describing the emotions she felt as "red emotions" due to their intense and tumultuous nature. Red touches on Swift's signature themes of love and heartbreak, however, from a more mature perspective while exploring other themes such as fame and the pressure of being in the limelight. She explained how red can be associated with feelings on “opposite ends of the spectrum.” The album features collaborations with producers and guest artists such as Gary Lightbody of the band Snow Patrol and Ed Sheeran, and is noted for Swift's experimentation with new musical genres. Swift completed The Red Tour in support of the album in 2014, which became the highest-grossing tour of all time by a country artist, grossing over $150 million.

Red was well received by critics and earned Swift two Grammy Award nominations, for Best Country Album and Album of the Year. It debuted at number one on the US Billboard 200 chart, giving Swift her third consecutive chart-topper in the US. Its first week sales of 1.21 million copies was the third biggest debut for a female artist in US history and became the fastest-selling album in over a decade in the United States. It made music history for claiming the biggest first week sales of all time by a country act, the record previously held by Garth Brooks. Red is just the 18th album in United States history to sell one million copies in a single week. It was also a huge global success, becoming Swift's first chart-topper in the United Kingdom, and also topped the album charts in Australia, Canada, Ireland and New Zealand, while also charting in the top ten in every other major music market, including China.

Worldwide, Red has sold 7 million copies as of 2017. It was Swift's third consecutive top-selling album of the year in the United States, managing to be the second best-selling album of 2012 across all genres only two months after its release. This made it the fourth time Swift had an album ranked in the year's top three sellers in the United States. According to the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI), it was the second global best-selling album of 2012 with sales of 5.2 million copies. Red has been certified seven times platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), making it Swift's fourth consecutive album to exceed the quadruple platinum status.

Reputation (Taylor Swift album)

Reputation (stylized in all lowercase) is the sixth studio album by American singer-songwriter Taylor Swift. It was released on November 10, 2017, through Big Machine Records. The record was primarily produced by Jack Antonoff, Max Martin, Shellback and Swift herself, who also serves as the executive producer. Artists featured on the album include English singer-songwriter Ed Sheeran and American rapper Future.

Reputation received generally positive reviews from music critics and reached number one in 13 countries including the United Kingdom, and United States. In the US, the album sold 1.216 million copies in its first week of release, making it the country's best-selling album of 2017, while with global sales of 4.5 million copies, it was the second best-selling album of 2017 worldwide.It received a nomination for Best Pop Vocal Album at the 61st Grammy Awards, becoming her second nomination in the category. To promote the album, Swift embarked on the Reputation Stadium Tour, starting on May 8, 2018 and ended on November 21 of the same year. The tour grossed $345.7 million, being the second highest-grossing concert tour of the year and the highest-grossing tour of all time in the United States. A concert film based on the tour was released on Netflix on December 31, 2018.

Shake It Off

"Shake It Off" is a song recorded by American singer-songwriter Taylor Swift from her fifth album, 1989 (2014). Written by Swift, Max Martin and Shellback, it is an uptempo dance-pop track considered to be a departure from Swift's earlier country pop music style. "Shake It Off" is the sixth track on the album and serves as the lead single. The song premiered during a Yahoo! live stream session on August 18, 2014 (also streaming internationally online); its music video was also released the same day. Several hours later, the song was made available for digital download.

"Shake It Off" debuted at number one on the Billboard Hot 100 chart for the week ending September 6, 2014, becoming Swift's second number-one single in the United States and the 22nd song to debut at number one in the chart's history. The song won Favorite Song at the 2015 People's Choice Awards, and also received nominations for Record of the Year, Song of the Year and Best Pop Solo Performance at the 2015 Grammy Awards.According to Billboard, it is Swift's biggest Hot 100 hit to date, staying on the chart for 50 consecutive weeks.

Speak Now

Speak Now is the third studio album by American singer-songwriter Taylor Swift. It was released on October 25, 2010, by Big Machine Records. Production for the album took place during 2009 to 2010 at several recording studios, and was handled by Swift and Nathan Chapman. Written entirely by Swift as the follow-up to Fearless, Speak Now expands on the country pop style of her previous work, and features lyrical themes including love, romance, and heartbreak.

Speak Now received generally positive reviews from music critics, who praised Swift's songwriting and themes. It received a Grammy Award nomination for Best Country Album, making it her second consecutive nomination in the category, following her 2010 victory for Fearless. Several music critics and publications included Speak Now in their year-end lists. Six singles were released from the album, all of which have either received a platinum or multi-platinum certification from the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA). Swift promoted the album with the Speak Now World Tour, grossing over $123 million.

Speak Now debuted at number one on the U.S. Billboard 200 chart, giving Swift her second consecutive chart-topper in the U.S. Its first-week sales of 1,047,000 copies was the fifth-biggest debut in history for a female artist, the third biggest ever by a country album (the first being Swift's own Red album later released in 2012), the biggest in five and a half years, and the biggest first week sales of 2010. The album also made music history for claiming the biggest one-week sales tally for an album by a female country artist. As of 2017, Speak Now was ranked as the 16th album to sell at least one million copies in a single week in the United States. Internationally, it charted within the top 10 in several countries, including Australia, Canada, and the United Kingdom. The album has been certified 6× platinum by the RIAA and, as of November 2017, has sold 4.6 million copies in the United States and 6 million copies Worldwide. It is also the tenth best-selling digital album of all time.

Speak Now was included in Rolling Stone's list of "50 Best Female Albums of All Time" in 2012, ranking at number forty-five. This gave Swift, age 20 at the time of publication, the distinction of being the youngest artist across all genres to be included on the list.

Taylor Swift's Reputation Stadium Tour

Taylor Swift's Reputation Stadium Tour was the fifth concert tour by American singer-songwriter Taylor Swift, in support of her sixth studio album, Reputation (2017). The tour began on May 8, 2018 in Glendale and concluded on November 21, 2018 in Tokyo, comprising 53 concerts. The tour was attended by 2,888,892 fans and grossed $345,700,000 in revenue, becoming Swift’s most successful tour to date, and the 13th highest grossing concert tour of all time. The supporting acts for the tour were Charli XCX, Camila Cabello, and Broods.

A concert film of the same name was directed by Paul Dugdale and released on Netflix on December 31, 2018. It was filmed at the second show in Arlington, Texas on October 6, 2018.

Taylor Swift (album)

Taylor Swift is the self-titled debut studio album by American singer-songwriter Taylor Swift, released on October 24, 2006, by Big Machine Records. Swift was 16 years old at the time of the album's release and wrote its songs during her freshman year of high school. Swift has writing credits on all of the album's songs, including those co-written with Liz Rose. Swift experimented with several producers, ultimately choosing Nathan Chapman, who had produced her demo album. Musically, the album is country music styled, and lyrically it speaks of romantic relationships, a couple of which Swift wrote from observing relationships before being in one. Lyrics also touch on Swift's personal struggles in high school.

Five singles were released from the album, all of which have been certified platinum by the RIAA. "Tim McGraw" was released as the lead single and reached the top ten on Billboard's Hot Country Songs. "Teardrops on My Guitar" was released as the second single and was the album's best-charting song on the Billboard Hot 100. "Our Song" was released as the third single from the album and was Swift's first number one on Billboard's Hot Country Songs chart. It made her the youngest person to single-handedly write and perform a number one song on the Hot Country Songs chart. "Picture to Burn" and "Should've Said No" were released as the fourth and fifth singles from the album, respectively, and both were successful on the country charts in the United States. Swift promoted the album by performing on tour as the opening act for artists such as Rascal Flatts, George Strait, Brad Paisley, Tim McGraw and Faith Hill.

Taylor Swift received generally positive reviews from music critics, who praised Swift's talent at such a young age. The album enjoyed commercial success and launched Swift's career in country music. In the United States, it topped the Top Country Albums Chart for 24 non-consecutive weeks, and was certified seven times platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) for sales of over 7 million copies. Taylor Swift has logged 275 weeks on Billboard's Top 200 albums chart as of early 2013, making it the Longest Charting album of the 2000s decade. The album was also successful outside of Swift's native country, especially in Canada, Australia, and the United Kingdom.

Taylor Swift and Def Leppard

"Taylor Swift and Def Leppard" is an episode of the CMT television show CMT Crossroads. The episode features performances by American singer-songwriter Taylor Swift and English hard rock band Def Leppard.

The performance was taped on October 6, 2008, and made its television premiere on November 7, 2008, and was released on June 16, 2009 on DVD exclusively to Walmart stores in the United States by Big Machine Records.

Taylor Swift discography

American singer-songwriter Taylor Swift has released six studio albums, two extended plays (EP), four live albums, four video albums, fifty one singles (including four as a featured artist), seventeen promotional singles, and forty-four music videos. Her career began with a record deal with Big Machine Records in 2005 and the release of her eponymous debut album the following year. In the United States, Taylor Swift peaked at number five on the Billboard 200 albums chart and marked the longest stay on the chart by any release in the country in the 2000s decade. All of its singles—"Tim McGraw", "Teardrops on My Guitar", "Our Song", "Picture to Burn", and "Should've Said No"—charted within the top 40 in the United States and were certified platinum by the RIAA. Swift followed with the release of the EPs Sounds of the Season: The Taylor Swift Holiday Collection and Beautiful Eyes, which peaked at number 20 and number nine on the Billboard 200, respectively.Swift released her second studio album, Fearless, in 2008, which topped the charts in the United States, Canada, and New Zealand. It became the best-selling album of 2009 in the United States, and 13 of its songs charted within the top 40 of the US Billboard Hot 100, breaking the record for the most top 40 entries from a single album. Its songs "Love Story", "You Belong with Me", and "Fearless" reached the top 10 in the United States while "Love Story" became her first number-one single in Australia. She obtained her first number-one single in Canada with "Today Was a Fairytale" from the Valentine's Day soundtrack (2010). Swift's third studio album, Speak Now (2010), peaked at number-one in the United States, Australia, Canada, and New Zealand. Three of its singles—"Mine", "Back to December", and "Mean"—peaked within the top 10 in Canada.Swift's fourth studio album, Red (2012), became her first number one album in the United Kingdom, and also topped the charts in Australia, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand, and United States. It spawned the internationally successful singles "We Are Never Ever Getting Back Together" and "I Knew You Were Trouble", with the former reaching number one in Canada, New Zealand, and the United States. Swift's fifth studio album, 1989 (2014), debuted atop the Billboard 200 with sales of 1.287 million copies, making her the first artist to release three albums (after Speak Now and Red) with sales of one million within a single week. The album reached number one in several other countries, including Australia, Canada and the United Kingdom; as of 2016, it has sold a total of 10.1 million copies worldwide. The singles "Shake It Off", "Blank Space", and "Bad Blood" all reached number one in the United States, Australia, and Canada. A track she recorded with Zayn, titled "I Don't Wanna Live Forever", for the Fifty Shades Darker soundtrack reached number one in Sweden and number two in the United States. Her sixth album Reputation (2017) and its lead single "Look What You Made Me Do" reached number one in Australia, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The follow-up single "...Ready for It?" peaked in the top 10 in the United States, Australia, Canada, and the United Kingdom. Swift has also penned a number of hit songs for other artists. Swift released "Me!" as the lead single to her upcoming seventh studio album (2019), the single has since peaked number one in Hungary, Scotland, Nicaragua; top 5 in the United Kingdom, Czech Republic, Ireland, New Zealand, Slovakia, Malaysia, and including the United States, Canada, and Australia where it peaked at number 2 respectively.

According to the RIAA, Swift is the third-best-selling digital singles artist in the United States, with cumulative single certifications of 120 million digital downloads and on-demand streaming. Meanwhile, US total album sales stand at 31.4 million copies. With estimated sales of over 50 million albums and 150 million singles worldwide, Swift is one of the best-selling music artists.

We Are Never Ever Getting Back Together

"We Are Never Ever Getting Back Together" is a song recorded by American singer-songwriter Taylor Swift for her fourth studio album, Red (2012). Swift co-wrote the song with its producers, Max Martin and Shellback. The song was released as the lead single from Red on August 13, 2012, by Big Machine Records. Its lyrics depict Swift's frustrations at an ex-lover who wants to re-kindle their relationship. Rolling Stone magazine named the song the second best song of 2012 while it took the fourth spot in Time's end-of-year poll. The song received a Grammy Award nomination for Record of the Year. It also received a People's Choice Awards nomination for Favorite Song of the Year.

The song was an instant commercial success, becoming Swift's first number one on the Billboard Hot 100 chart in the United States, as well as the first song to hold the top spot for more than one week after a huge leap from a lower position since Kelly Clarkson's two-week run at number one with "My Life Would Suck Without You", which rocketed from number 97 to the top spot in 2009. Additionally, the song also topped the charts in Canada and New Zealand, while reaching the top five in Australia, Japan, South Korea, Ireland, Israel and the United Kingdom. It also topped the US Hot Country Songs for ten weeks, Swift's longest reign to date. A music video for the song was released in August 2012. It was the first music video to be presented in 4K resolution and received positive reviews from critics. To date, it has received over 560 million views on YouTube. A CD single was released in September 2012 by Swift's official store, Amazon.com and US Walmart stores. The single has been certified Quintuple platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), while also being certified platinum or more in Australia, the United Kingdom, Sweden, New Zealand, Japan and Denmark. The song is one of the best-selling singles worldwide, with worldwide sales reaching 7 million copies to date (according to the IFPI).

Taylor Swift
Studio albums
Extended plays
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Television
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Fragrances
Related articles
Taylor Swift
Fearless
Speak Now
Red
1989
Reputation
Soundtrack songs
As a featured artist
Other songs

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