Taygete

In Classical Greek mythology, Taygete (/teɪˈɪdʒətiː/;[1] Greek: Ταϋγέτη, Ancient Greek: [taːyɡétɛː], Modern Greek: [taiˈʝeti]) was a nymph, one of the Pleiades according to the Bibliotheca (3.10.1) and a companion of Artemis, in her archaic role as potnia theron, "Mistress of the animals", with its likely roots in prehistory. Mount Taygetos in Laconia, dedicated to the goddess, was her haunt.

As he mastered each of the local nymphs one by one, Olympic Zeus pursued Taygete, who invoked her protectress Artemis. The goddess turned Taygete into a doe with golden horns,[1] any distinction between the Titaness in her human form and in her doe form is blurred: the nymph who hunted the doe in the company of Artemis is the doe herself. As Pindar conceived the myth-element in his third Olympian Ode, "the doe with the golden horns, which once Taygete had inscribed as a sacred dedication to Artemis Orthosia", ("right-minded" Artemis)[2] was the very Ceryneian Hind that Heracles later pursued. For the poet, the transformation was incomplete, and the doe-form had become an offering. Pindar, who was a very knowledgeable mythographer, hints that the mythic doe, even when slain and offered to Artemis, also continues to exist, to be hunted once again (although not killed) by Heracles at a later time.[3] Karl Kerenyi points out (The Heroes of the Greeks) "It is not easy to differentiate between the divine beast, the heroine and the goddess".

According to Pausanias (iii. 1, 2, etc.) Taygete conceived Lacedaemon, the mythical founder of Sparta, through Zeus, and Eurotas. Pausanias noted, at Amyclae, that the rape of Taygete was represented on the throne.[4]

According to Pseudo-Plutarch,[5] Taygete was the wife of Lacedaemon, sometimes referred to as Sparta, whose name was given to the city of Sparta. Their son was named Himerus.

In a rare variant of the myth, Taygete was called the daughter of Agenor.[6]

Notes

  1. ^ Biogeographically speaking, in Greece the nearest species of deer in which females carry horns was and is the reindeer (Ruck and Staples p 173), a fact which has occasioned various speculations: see also Deer (mythology)
  2. ^ Emmet Robbins, "Heracles, the Hyperboreans, and the Hind: Pindar, "OL." 3", Phoenix 36.4 (Winter 1982:295-305) 302f notes that the association of Artemis with Orthia = Orthosia was under way in the sixth century BCE.
  3. ^ Robbins 1982:295-305.
  4. ^ Pausanias, Periegesis, iii.18.10.
  5. ^ Pausanias (1918). "III.1.2". Description of Greece. with an English Translation by W.H.S. Jones, Litt.D., and H.A. Ormerod, M.A., in 4 Volumes. Cambridge, MA; London. At the Perseus Project.
  6. ^ Dictys Cretensis, Trojan War Chronicle 1.9

References

Carme group

The Carme group is a group of retrograde irregular satellites of Jupiter that follow similar orbits to Carme and are thought to have a common origin.

Their semi-major axes (distances from Jupiter) range between 22.9 and 24.1 Gm, their orbital inclinations between 164.9° and 165.5°, and their orbital eccentricities between 0.23 and 0.27 (with one exception).

The core members include (from largest to smallest):

Carme (the largest, which gives its name to the group)

Taygete

Eukelade

Jupiter LVII

Chaldene

Isonoe

Kalyke (substantially redder than the others)

Erinome

Aitne

Kale

Pasithee

S/2003 J 9 (probably)The International Astronomical Union (IAU) reserves names ending in -e for all retrograde moons, including this group's members.

Lacedaemon (mythology)

Lacedaemon (; Greek: Λακεδαίμων, Lakedaímōn) was a mythical king of Laconia and son of the Pleaid Taygete and Zeus in Classical Greek mythology. He was a father of King Amyclas of Sparta and Queen Eurydice of Argos, with Princess Sparta, the daughter of King Eurotas. Taygete has an association with Artemis in earlier mythology.Eurotas bequeathed the kingdom to Lacedaemon, who then renamed the state after his wife, Sparta, who was also his niece.According to Pseudo-Plutarch, Taygete was the wife of Lacedaemon. Their son was named Himerus.

Oeneis bore

Oeneis bore, the white-veined Arctic or Arctic grayling, is a butterfly, a species of Satyrinae that occurs in North America and Asia.

Recurvaria ostariella

Recurvaria ostariella is a moth of the family Gelechiidae. It is found in the West Indies, where it has been recorded from Saint Thomas.The wingspan is about 8 mm. The forewings are bone-whitish with a small greyish-fuscous spot at the base of the costa, followed by a small triangular costal spot before the middle, forming, with two others below it, a narrow transverse fascia tending slightly outwards to the dorsum. Halfway between this and the apex is another greyish-fuscous costal patch with a dark fuscous spot below it at the end of the cell. There are also a few greyish-fuscous scales around the termen at the base of the bone-ochreous cilia. The hindwings are shining, very pale grey.

Taygete (moon)

Taygete ( tay-IJ-ə-tee;[1] Greek: Ταϋγέτη), also known as Jupiter XX, is a retrograde irregular satellite of Jupiter. It was discovered by a team of astronomers from the University of Hawaii led by Scott S. Sheppard, et al. in 2000, and given the temporary designation S/2000 J 9.Taygete is about 5 kilometres in diameter, and orbits Jupiter at an average distance of 22,439 Mm in 686.675 days, at an inclination of 165° to the ecliptic (163° to Jupiter's equator), in a retrograde direction and with an eccentricity of 0.3678.

It was named in October 2002 after Taygete, one of the Pleiades, daughter of the Titan Atlas and mother of Lacedaemon by Zeus (Jupiter).

It belongs to the Carme group, made up of irregular retrograde moons orbiting Jupiter at a distance ranging between 23 and 24 Gm and at an inclination of about 165°.

Taygete (moth)

Taygete is a genus of moth in the family Autostichidae.

Taygete altivola

Taygete altivola is a moth in the Autostichidae family. It was described by Meyrick in 1929. It is found in Peru.The wingspan is about 12 mm. The forewings are grey-whitish with a dark grey basal patch somewhat mixed pale ochreous occupying one-fifth of the wing, the edge rather inwards-oblique from the costa. There is an elongate grey mark on the costa beyond this and a triangular dark grey blotch somewhat tinged ochreous on the costa rather beyond the middle reaching more than half across the wing, its apex truncate, some slight grey suffusion in the disc preceding this. The stigmata are small and black, the plical suffused yellowish, rather obliquely before the first discal. There is a small blackish dorsal spot beneath the second discal, and a blackish dot between these. The apical fifth is suffused grey and ochreous, with some dark fuscous scales, a blackish dash on the tornal edge, dark fuscous marks around the remainder of the edge. The hindwings are grey.

Taygete attributella

Taygete attributella is a moth of the Autostichidae family. It is found in North America, including Illinois, Massachusetts, Minnesota, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania and Virginia.

Taygete balsamopa

Taygete balsamopa is a moth in the Autostichidae family. It was described by Meyrick in 1923. It is found in Brazil (Amazons).The wingspan is 7–8 mm. The forewings are whitish-yellow with scattered black specks and moderate semi-oval black spots on the costa at the base, one-third and three-fifths. There are small ochreous-orange spots edged with a few black specks representing the stigmata, the plical very obliquely before the first discal. A small grey spot sprinkled black is found on the tornus, and two others on the termen. The hindwings are grey.

Taygete barydelta

Taygete barydelta is a moth in the Autostichidae family. It was described by Meyrick in 1923. It is found in Brazil (Para).The wingspan is about 7 mm. The forewings are yellow-whitish, scattered with black scales and with large blackish flattened-triangular spots on the costa near the base and at one-third and three-fifths, smaller blackish spots on the dorsum opposite the two posterior. There is also a triangular blackish apical spot. The hindwings are grey.

Taygete citranthes

Taygete citranthes is a moth in the Autostichidae family. It was described by Meyrick in 1923. It is found in Brazil (Para).The wingspan is 7–8 mm. The forewings are pale yellow, with a few scattered blackish and fulvous scales. There are small blackish spots on the costa at the base, one-third and three-fifths. There are indistinct dots of blackish irroration indicating the stigmata, the plical very obliquely before the first discal, sometimes some undefined and variably indicated slight fulvous streaks in the disc and an irregular black marginal line around the apex. The hindwings are dark grey.

Taygete citrinella

Taygete citrinella is a moth in the Autostichidae family. It was described by William Barnes and August Busck in 1920. It is found in North America, where it has been recorded from Arizona and California.The wingspan is 8–10 mm. The forewings are light lemon yellow with the base of the costal edge black. There is a black costal spot at the basal fourth and another just beyond the middle. A small black spot is found on the dorsal edge at the end of the fold and there are three small black dots along the terminal edge. The hindwings are light silvery fuscous.

Taygete critica

Taygete critica is a moth in the Autostichidae family. It was described by Walsingham in 1910. It is found in Mexico (Guerrero).The wingspan is about 9 mm. The forewings are creamy ochreous, becoming more ochreous towards the apex, the costa blackish from the base to beyond the middle and profusely dusted with black towards the apex. A black dusted patch crosses the fold beyond its middle, not reaching the dorsum, and beyond this the apical portion of the wing is profusely dusted with black intermixed with whitish scales along the lines of the nervules. The hindwings are pale grey.

Taygete decemmaculella

Taygete decemmaculella is a moth in the Autostichidae family. It was described by Vactor Tousey Chambers in 1875. It is found in North America, where it has been recorded from Arizona, Colorado, Maine, Montana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Utah and Wyoming.The wingspan is 15–17 mm. The forewings are whitish ocherous with dark gray markings. There is a spot on the base of the costa, sometimes extended to the dorsum. An elongate spot is found on the costa at one-third, with a small round spot close beneath it (the first discal stigma). There is a semi-oval blotch along the costa about two-thirds, confluent with a spot beneath it (the second discal stigma). Some slight irroration (speckling) or one or two dots are found on the apical edge, and sometimes on the tornal edge. The hindwings are pale grayish.

Taygete gallaegenitella

Taygete gallaegenitella is a moth in the Autostichidae family. It was described by James Brackenridge Clemens in 1864. It is found in the United States, where it has been recorded from New York to Florida and to Texas.The forewings are white, but so freely dusted with black as almost to obscure the ground color, especially between the bands. There are three oblique, black bands not distinctly marked, the first within the basal third of the wing, the second near the middle, the third, which is less distinct than the others placed about the apical third of the wing. The hindwings are pale gray.Larvae have been recorded on oak galls.

Taygete ignavella

Taygete ignavella is a moth in the Autostichidae family. It was described by Zeller in 1877. It is found in Colombia.

Taygete lasciva

Taygete lasciva is a moth in the Autostichidae family. It was described by Walsingham in 1910. It is found in Panama.The wingspan is about 8.5 mm. The forewings are pale ochreous, with some streaky shades of darker brownish ochreous above and below the fold, along the cell, and beyond it. A short black streak, at the base, reaches nearly to the nexus, but does not actually touch the margin, and is followed by three, elongate, black costal spots, gradually increasing in size. The first near the base, the second before the middle, the third, and most conspicuous, beyond the middle. Below each of the two latter are a few black dots, and beyond the last is a series of small marginal black spots running around the apex and termen. The hindwings are pale grey.

Taygete notospila

Taygete notospila is a moth in the Autostichidae family. It was described by Meyrick in 1923. It is found in Brazil (Amazonas).The wingspan is about 8 mm. The forewings are pale whitish-yellow irregularly sprinkled with dark fuscous. The markings are fuscous edged with dark fuscous irroration. There is a short slender oblique streak from the base of the costa and a mark at one-third, as well as an irregular blotch from the dorsum before the middle reaching more than half across the wing. A large spot is found on the costa at two-thirds and there is a triangular spot on the tornus opposite nearly meeting or sometimes connected with it. Two smaller triangular spots are found on the termen. The hindwings are dark grey.

Taygete saundersella

Taygete saundersella is a moth in the Autostichidae family. It was described by Vactor Tousey Chambers in 1876. It is found in North America, where it has been recorded from Kentucky.The forewings are pale creamy yellow densely dusted with blackish scales beneath the fold. There is a blackish spot on the base of the costal margin, another about the basal fourth on the costal margin, which is not distinctly separated from one placed obliquely behind which touches the fold. There is another on the costal margin just behind the middle, behind and beneath which is another just above the end of the fold, and the apical part of the wing very densely dusted with blackish. The hindwings are rather deeply emarginate beneath the tip and pale slate color.

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