Tarama, Okinawa

Tarama (多良間村 Tarama-son, Miyako & Okinawan: Tarama) is a village located in Miyako District, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. The village consists of Tarama Island and Minna Island between Ishigaki Island and Miyako Island.

As of 2013, the village has a population of 1,276 residents and 543 households. Tarama has a density of 58.2 persons per km2. The total area is 21.91 square kilometres (8.46 square miles).[1]

Tarama

多良間村
Tarama Village Hall
Tarama Village Hall
Flag of Tarama

Flag
Official seal of Tarama

Emblem
Location of Tarama in Okinawa Prefecture
Location of Tarama in Okinawa Prefecture
Tarama is located in Japan
Tarama
Tarama
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 24°40′10″N 124°42′6″E / 24.66944°N 124.70167°ECoordinates: 24°40′10″N 124°42′6″E / 24.66944°N 124.70167°E
CountryJapan
RegionKyushu (Ryukyu)
PrefectureOkinawa Prefecture
DistrictMiyako
Government
 • MayorMasaaki Shimoji
Area
 • Total21.91 km2 (8.46 sq mi)
Population
 (2013)
 • Total1,276
 • Density58.2/km2 (151/sq mi)
Symbols
 • TreeFukugi (Garcinia subelliptica)
 • FlowerSafflower
 • BirdJapanese quail
 • FishGrouper
Time zoneUTC+9 (JST)
City hall address99-2 Nakasuji, Tarama-son, Miyako-gun, Okinawa-ken
906-0602
Websitewww.vill.tarama.okinawa.jp

Geography

Tarama
Tarama Island (front) and Minna Island (back)

The two islands of the village, Tarama and Minna, are located at the midpoint between Ishigaki Island and Miyako Island. The islands face the Pacific Ocean to the south and the East China Sea to the north. The two islands have historically suffered from typhoon damage and drought.[2]

History

Under the Ryukyu Kingdom Tarama is said to have been used as a penal colony for political prisoners.[3]

In 1879, with the abolition of the han system and creation of the prefectures of Japan, Tarama became part of the newly formed Okinawa Prefecture. In 1896 the village became part of Miyaki District. In 1908, with the abolishment of the magiri system in Okinawa, the three districts of present-day village, Nakasuzu, Shiyugaa, and Minna, became part of the village of Hirara. They were separated from Hirara in 1913 as part of a further redistricting of Okinawa, and incorporated as the Village of Tarama.[2][3]

The village hall of Tarama was the first modern tiled structured to be built on the islands, and the first village council consisted of eight citizens. Residents of Minna completed a planned relocation to the Takano district of Hirara in 1961.

Tarama was electrified and received direct telephone service in 1964, and residents were supplied with power for five hours a day. This increased to 17 hours a day by 1969, and the village was fully electrified in 1972. Regular ferry service to the village began in the same period, and Tarama Airport was opened in December 1971.[2]

Demographics

Tarama has seen population decline since the beginning of the 20th century. In the period prior to World War II typhoon damage and drought caused many residents to leave the island, mostly to Osaka and areas of the newly formed Japanese Empire. Residents of Tarama emigrated to Taiwan, the South Pacific, Korea, and Manchuria in this period. Residents of Minna completed a planned relocation to the Takano district of Hirara in 1961. At present the population of Minna Island has only one household and two people.[2][3]

Education

The Village of Tarama has one preschool, one elementary school, and one junior high school, all named Tarama. The preschool and Tarama Elementary school are connected, and located directly south of the village hall at the north of the island. Tarama Junior High School is located .5 kilometres (0.31 mi) south of the village hall. Minna, due to its depopulation, no longer has any educational institutions. The village has no high school; students must leave the island to attend high schools in other areas of Okinawa Prefecture.[4]

Transportation

Tarama Airport
Tarama Airport

Tarama Airport serves the island.

References

  1. ^ 多良間村の人口 [Population of Tarama] (in Japanese). Tarama, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan: Village of Tarama. 2013. Retrieved 2013-06-28.
  2. ^ a b c d "多良間村" [Tarama]. Nihon Rekishi Chimei Taikei (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2013. OCLC 173191044. Archived from the original on 2007-08-25. Retrieved 2013-05-07.
  3. ^ a b c "多良間(村)". Nihon Daihyakka Zensho (Nipponika) (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2013. OCLC 153301537. Archived from the original on 2007-08-25. Retrieved 2013-05-07.
  4. ^ 教育施設 [Educational Facilities] (in Japanese). Village of Tarama, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan: Village of Tarama. 2013. Retrieved 2013-05-07.

External links

Index of Japan-related articles (T)

This page lists Japan-related articles with romanized titles beginning with the letter T. For names of people, please list by surname (i.e., "Tarō Yamada" should be listed under "Y", not "T"). Please also ignore articles (e.g. "a", "an", "the") when listing articles (i.e., "A City with No People" should be listed under "City").

List of Important Intangible Folk Cultural Properties

This is a list of 312 Important Intangible Folk Cultural Properties of Japan.

List of airports in Japan

This is a list of airports in Japan, grouped by classification and sorted by location. As of February 2012, the country has a total of 98 airports, of which 28 are operated by the central government and 67 by local governments.

List of inscribed flags

This is a list of flags that are inscribed with written text. The flags are divided by language of the text.

Minna Island (Tarama, Okinawa)

Minna Island, or Minnajima (水納島), is an island in the Miyako Islands in the jurisdiction of Tarama, Miyako District, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan.

Minnajima

Minnajima can refer to:

Minnajima (Motobu, Okinawa) within Motobu, Kunigami District, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan

Minnajima (Tarama, Okinawa) within Tarama, Miyako District, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan

Tarama Airport

Tarama Airport (多良間空港, Tarama Kūkō, (IATA: TRA, ICAO: RORT)) is located in Tarama, Miyako District, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan.

The prefecture operates the airport, which is classified as a third-class airport.

Tarama Prefectural Natural Park

Tarama Prefectural Natural Park (多良間県立自然公園, Tarama kenritsu shizen kōen) is a Prefectural Natural Park on and around the islands of Tarama and Minna, in the village of Tarama, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. The park was established in 2011 and includes a designated marine zone of 31.47 km².

Core city
Cities
Districts

Languages

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.