Taizhou, Zhejiang

Taizhou (pronunciation in PRC Standard Mandarin: [tʰái.ʈʂóu] (listen), Taizhou dialect: Tetsiu), alternately known as Taichow, is a city located at the middle of the East China Sea coast of Zhejiang province. It is located 300 km (190 mi) south of Shanghai and 230 km (140 mi) southeast of Hangzhou, the provincial capital. It is bordered by Ningbo to the north, Wenzhou to the south, and Shaoxing, Jinhua, and Lishui to west. In addition to the municipality itself, the prefecture-level city of Taizhou includes 3 districts, 2 county-level cities, and 4 counties. At the 2010 census, its population was 5,968,838 inhabitants whom 3,269,304 lived in the built-up (or metro) area made of 3 urban Districts and Wenling City now being largely conurbated.

Taizhou

台州市

Te Tsiu
View of Taizhou
View of Taizhou
Location of Taizhou City in Zhejiang
Location of Taizhou City in Zhejiang
Taizhou is located in China
Taizhou
Taizhou
Location in China
Coordinates: 28°40′N 121°21′E / 28.667°N 121.350°ECoordinates: 28°40′N 121°21′E / 28.667°N 121.350°E
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceZhejiang
County-level divisions9
Government
 • CPC SecretaryWu Weirong (吴蔚荣)
 • MayorZhang Bing (张兵)
Area
 • Land9,411 km2 (3,634 sq mi)
 • Urban
1,536 km2 (593 sq mi)
 • Metro
2,372 km2 (916 sq mi)
Highest elevation
1,382 m (4,534 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 (2010 census[1])
 • Prefecture-level city5,968,838
 • Urban
1,902,510
 • Urban density1,200/km2 (3,200/sq mi)
 • Metro
3,269,304
 • Metro density1,400/km2 (3,600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
318000, 317000
Area code(s)576
ISO 3166 codeCN-ZJ-10
GDP 2018[2]¥487.5 billion
GDP per capita 2018¥79541 (USD 12020)
License Plate Prefix浙J
Websitewww.zjtz.gov.cn
City trees
Mei (Prunus mume),
Camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora)City flowers
Sweet Osmanthus (Osmanthus fragrans)

The Taizhou urban area commonly refer as the whole of Jiaojiang, Huayan, Luqiao districts and the metropolitan Taizhou includes Wenling City, citation is need for the original urban and metropolitan data.
Taizhou
T2Z name
"Taizhou", as written in Chinese
Hanyu PinyinPRC Standard Mandarin: Tāizhōu
ROC Standard Mandarin: Táizhōu
WuT'e-tsiu (Taizhounese)
PostalTaichow

Etymology

Taizhou's name is believed to derive from nearby Mount Tiantai.

History

灵江
Ancient City Wall of Linhai

Five thousand years ago, the ancestors of the modern inhabitants began to settle in this area. During the Xia, Shang, and Zhou dynasties, when the Chinese state was largely confined to the Yellow River basin, the area of present-day Taizhou was part of Dong'ou. Following the 3rd-century BC conquests of the Qin Empire, a settlement in the area was known as Huipu Town. It was initially included in the Minzhong Prefecture, but then moved to Kuaiji during the Han.

On August 22, 1994, Taizhou Municipality was set up in place of Taizhou Prefecture and approved by the State Council. In 1999, Taizhou was approved by the State Council to be a leading city in Zhejiang’s urbanization structure and the center of sub zone of the first-class economy. Approved by the National Development and Reform Commission, Taizhou formally became one of the 16 cities of Yangtze River Delta area on Aug.15, 2003.

Demographics

At the time of 2010 census, the whole population of Taizhou, including the whole prefecture-level city and subsidiary counties was 5,968,838 with 3,269,304 in the emerging built-up area made of 3 urban districts, Jiaojiang, Huangyan, Luqiao and Wenling City largely being urbanized.

Huangyan District
Huangyan District,Taizhou

Administration

The prefecture-level city of Taizhou currently administers 3 districts, 3 county-level cities and 3 counties.

Map
Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Taizhou Dialect
Jiaojiang District 椒江区 Jiāojiāng Qū Ciaukong Khiu
Huangyan District 黄岩区 Huángyán Qū Wongniae khiu
Luqiao District 路桥区 Lùqiáo Qū Lugiau khiu
Linhai City 临海市 Línhǎi Shì Linghe Zy
Wenling City 温岭市 Wēnlǐng Shì Uengling Zy
Yuhuan City 玉环市 Yùhuán Shì Niukwae Zy
Sanmen County 三门县 Sānmén Xiàn Saemeng Yoe
Tiantai County 天台县 Tiāntāi Xiàn Thiethai Yoe
Xianju County 仙居县 Xiānjū Xiàn Shiekiu Yoe

Geography

At 651 kilometres (405 mi), Taizhou has a long coastline dotted with numerous islands; the largest one is Yuhuan Island in the south.[3] Coastal areas in the east tend to flat, with an occasional hill. Eastern and northern parts of Taizhou are mountainous, with Yandangshan Mountains in the southwest, Kuocang Mountains (Chinese: 括苍山; pinyin: Kuòcāng Shān) in the west, and Mount Tiantai in the northwest. The highest point of Taizhou is Mishailang (Chinese: 米筛浪; pinyin: Mǐshāilàng), a 1,382.4 metres (4,535 ft) peak in the Kuocang Mountains, and also the highest point in the east of the Zhejiang Province.[3]

Climate

Taizhou
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
38
 
 
12
5
 
 
80
 
 
12
6
 
 
79
 
 
17
9
 
 
75
 
 
21
13
 
 
178
 
 
26
19
 
 
262
 
 
29
23
 
 
132
 
 
33
26
 
 
261
 
 
32
25
 
 
146
 
 
29
23
 
 
101
 
 
25
18
 
 
90
 
 
19
13
 
 
116
 
 
13
5
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: tianqi.2345.com

Taizhou has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) with four distinctive seasons. Occasionally struck by typhoons in the summers, the climate characterised by hot, humid summers and drier and cold winters with occasional snow. The mean annual temperature is 16.6 to 17.5 °C (61.9 to 63.5 °F) from north to south east coastal area, while mean annual rainfall ranges from 1,185 to 2,029 millimetres (46.7 to 79.9 in).

Economy and industry

Taizhou City 002
View down a street in Taizhou

Taizhou is one of the birthplace of China's private economy in the early days of economic reforms in China. It is the cradle of the Chinese private economy,[6] the name of Taizhou Model[7] is after it. It is the 4th most populous, and the 4th largest industrial prefecture-level city in Zhejiang Province as of 2011.

Chinese automotive manufacturing company Geely[8] was founded in Taizhou which completes its acquisition of Volvo Cars in 2010, is one of China’s top ten auto manufacturers.

Chinese auto parts manufacturer based Yuanhuan[9] was one of China auto parts manufacturer based,here can produce all auto parts for vehicles.

The largest HVAC fan company Yilida[10] is also located in Taizhou. It is listed on Shenzhen Stock Exchange (Stock #002686) and has acquired Fulihua fan company in Suzhou in 2012.

Taizhou is also one of the most important Mandarin, Loquat, Wendan(A kind of Pomelo), Myrica rubra producers in China. Other agricultural product including Rice, Canola, edible Wild rice stems or Zizania latifolia, Eddoe, Water chestnut, Bamboo

Yuhuan Wendan

Wendan

Wild rice stems

Wild rice stems

Infrastructure and transport

Taizhou Railway Station 01
Taizhou Railway Station, completed in 2009
China Railways CRH Passing through Lianjiang county
High Speed Railway connection major cities

Historically, Taizhou was relatively inaccessible by road. This has changed due to large infrastructure restructuring in the late 1990s and early 2000s. Presently, Taizhou is served by the S1 Yongtaiwen Expressway(甬台温高速), which is a segment in the north-south G15 Shenyang–Haikou Expressway, linking the city with Ningbo, Shanghai in the north and Wenzhou in the south; the Shangsan Expressway links Taizhou with the provincial capital Hangzhou. Taizhou Airport was once named Huangyan Luqiao Airport (IATA:HYN) in the city's Luqiao District serves daily flights to Beijing and Chengdu and regular flights to other major Chinese cities.

In September 2009, the high-speed rail line, Ningbo–Taizhou–Wenzhou railway, opened. There are several stations in the prefecture boundaries of Taizhou. The station serving the urban core is in Huangyan District and is called Taizhou railway station.

In August 2016 it was announced a second Taizhou train station will be constructed. The line will connect Jiaojiang district to Hangzhou in just 60 minutes with the journey to Shanghai being cut to just two hours[11]

Language and culture

Like the majority of areas in Zhejiang, most people from Taizhou speak a dialect of Wu Chinese, known as Huangyan Hua. It is not mutually intelligible with Mandarin Chinese, and only partially intelligible with Shanghainese. There is also a small portion of Min Nan and Wenzhou dialect speakers in the southern regions. None of these three languages are mutually intelligible amongst each other, but the linguistic diversity of some regions has resulted in a segment of the population becoming fluent in speaking up to four languages, when Mandarin is included.

The city's people are reputed to be industrious and business-minded, although not to the same degree as neighboring Wenzhou. Many people from the area have migrated abroad after economic reforms began in China in 1978. The city's seafood is of note.

Education

  • Taizhou College

Notable people

Tourism

  • Linhai Ancient Great Wall, the only Great Wall in southern China.
  • Guoqing Temple, Mountain Tiantai

The Guoqing Temple where the Tiantai (Chinese and Japanese: 天台宗; pinyin: tiāntāi zōng; ), an important school of Buddhism in China, Japan, Korea, and Vietnam originates, is located here. In Japan the school is known as Tendai, and in Korea it is known as Cheontae.

Guoqingsi003r

Sister cities

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.citypopulation.de/php/china-zhejiang-admin.php
  2. ^ 2018 GDP of Taizhou
  3. ^ a b c Location Taizhou Information Center, Taizhou Government
  4. ^ "Weather History for Taizhou". tianqi.2345.com. Retrieved 2016-02-26.
  5. ^ "Weather Information for Agriculture(Jiaojiang, Taizhou)". Retrieved 2016-02-26.
  6. ^ on Endogenous Development Mode of Private Economy
  7. ^ Model: Institutional Innovation and the Development of Private Economy
  8. ^ About Geely
  9. ^ About Yuhuan
  10. ^ [1]
  11. ^ http://www.shanghaidaily.com/city-specials/hangzhou/Railway-moves-ahead/shdaily.shtml

External links

Dachen Islands

The Dachen Islands, Tachen Islands or Tachens are a group of islands off the coast of Taizhou, Zhejiang, China, in the East China Sea. They are administered by Jiaojiang District of Taizhou.

Fangguang Temple

Fangguang Temple (simplified Chinese: 方广寺; traditional Chinese: 方廣寺; pinyin: Fāngguǎng Sì) is a Buddhist temple located on Mount Tiantai in Taizhou, Zhejiang, China. The temple is the Bodhimanda of Five Hundred Arhats.

Gaoming Temple

Gaoming Temple (Chinese: 高明寺; pinyin: Gāomíng Sì) is a Buddhist temple located in Tiantai County, Zhejiang, China.

Guoqing Temple

The Guoqing Temple (simplified Chinese: 国清寺; traditional Chinese: 國清寺; pinyin: Guóqīng sì; Wade–Giles: Kuo-ch'ing Ssu) is a Buddhist temple on Mount Tiantai, in Taizhou, Zhejiang Province, China. Originally built in 598 during the Sui Dynasty, and renovated during the reign of the Qing Yongzheng Emperor (r. 1722–1735), the temple is located roughly 220 kilometres (140 mi) from the city of Hangzhou. It was the initial site for the creation of the Tiantai school of Mahayana Buddhism, founded by Zhiyi (538–597 AD). The temple covers an area of some 23,000 m2 (250,000 sq ft) and features 600 rooms in a total of 14 different halls, including the Grand Hall of Sakyamuni, the Hall of Five Hundred Arhats and the Hall of Monk Jigong. The exterior of the building features Chinese pagodas such as the Sui Pagoda, the Seven Buddha Pagoda, and the Memorial Pagoda of Monk Yi Xing (683–727 AD).

Huangyan District

Huangyan (Tai-chow dialect: Wông-ngæn K'ü; simplified Chinese: 黄岩区; traditional Chinese: 黃岩區; pinyin: Huángyán Qū) is a district of Taizhou, a city in Zhejiang Province, China. Huangyan has an area of 988 km2 (381 sq mi) and a population of approximately 570,000. It has an average annual precipitation of 1,676 mm (66.0 in) and an annual average temperature of 17 °C.

Ke Zhao

Ke Zhao or Chao Ko (Chinese: 柯召; pinyin: Kē Zhào; Wade–Giles: K'o Chao, April 12, 1910 – November 8, 2002) was a Chinese mathematician born in Wenling, Taizhou, Zhejiang.

Ke graduated from Tsinghua University in 1933 and obtained his doctorate from the University of Manchester under Louis Mordell in 1937. His main fields of study were algebra, number theory and combinatorics. Some of his major contributions included his work on quadratic forms, the Erdős–Ko–Rado theorem and his theorem on Catalan's conjecture. He was later a professor at Sichuan University and became the president of the university and of the Chinese Mathematical Society.

Linhai

Linhai (simplified Chinese: 临海; traditional Chinese: 臨海; pinyin: Línhǎi; Tai-chow dialect: Ling-he) is a county-level city in Taizhou, Zhejiang Province situated on the banks of the Lin River in Eastern China.

At the 2010 census, its population was 1,028,813 inhabitants even though its built-up (or metro) area is much smaller.

Its Cathedral of the Sacred Heart of Jesus is the episcopal see of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Linhai.

Lo Tsung-lo

Lo Tsung-lo (Chinese: 羅宗洛; pinyin: Luó Zōngluò; 2 August 1898 – 26 October 1978) was a Chinese botanist and plant physiologist. Lo was a main founder of modern plant physiology in China. He was the first President of National Taiwan University (after World War II).

Ningbo–Taizhou–Wenzhou railway

The Ningbo–Taizhou–Wenzhou railway (simplified Chinese: 甬台温铁路; traditional Chinese: 甬台溫鐵路; pinyin: Yǒngtāiwēn Tiělù) is a dual-track, electrified, high-speed rail line in Zhejiang Province. The line, also known as the Yongtaiwen railway, is named after the three primary cities along route: Ningbo, whose abbreviated Chinese name is Yong, Taizhou and Wenzhou. The line has a total length of 282.4 kilometres and forms part of China's Southeast Coast high-speed rail corridor. Construction began in October 2005, and the line opened to commercial service on September 28, 2009. Trains running on the line reach top speeds of 250 kilometres per hour, and the shortest trip between Ningbo and Wenzhou takes 1 hour 12 minutes.

Taizhou Luqiao Airport

Taizhou Luqiao Airport (IATA: HYN, ICAO: ZSLQ), formerly Huangyan Luqiao Airport, is a dual-use military and civil airport serving the city of Taizhou in Zhejiang Province, China. It is located in Luqiao District, 20 kilometers from the city center. In 2010 the airport handled 616,861 passengers and 5,483 tons of cargo.

Taizhou Wu

The Taizhou Wu (台州片) are a group of Southern Wu dialects spoken in and around Taizhou in Zhejiang province. They are to some extent mutually intelligible with Taihu Wu.

Taizhou dialect

Taizhou dialect (Taizhou dialect:T'e-tsiu wa; simplified Chinese: 台州话; traditional Chinese: 台州話; pinyin: Tāizhōu huà) is a dialect of Wu Chinese. It is spoken in the city of Taizhou in Zhejiang province of China. It is only partially intelligible with Shanghainese.

Taizhou railway station

Taizhou railway station (Zhejiang Province) (Chinese: 台州站; pinyin: Tāizhōu Zhàn) is a railway station of Yongtaiwen Railway located in Taizhou, Zhejiang, People's Republic of China.

There are two Taizhou railway stations, the other one being in Jiangsu province.

Tiantai County

Tiantai County (Tai-chow dialect: T'in-t'e yön; simplified Chinese: 天台县; traditional Chinese: 天台縣; pinyin: PRC Standard Mandarin: Tiāntāi Xiàn, ROC Standard Mandarin: Tiāntái Xiàn) is located in Taizhou, Zhejiang Province, People's Republic of China.

The county is noted for its scenic Mount Tiantai, which is also an important Tiantai Buddhism site. With a total area of 1,432.09 km2 (552.93 sq mi) and a population of 560,000, Tiantai is a medium-sized city that administers twelve towns, three districts and 641 villages. Tiantai County's history dates back to the Qin Dynasty (221–208 BCE) when it was called Dongyue, later changed to Huipu during the Han Dynasty (208 BCE–220 CE).

Tiantai has extensive natural resources including water power, wind power, mines and biological resources. It tops other cities within the province with a total 51,600 kW water power output and is listed in the first batch of model cities of electrification nationwide. A milestone project, Tongbai Pumped Storage Power Station was completed in 2008. The investment is estimated at up to 4.2 billion RMB. Tiantai's metal resources include silver, lead, zinc, tungsten and aluminum.

The private sector constitutes the largest part of the local economy. There are six mainstay industries including rubber & plastics, industrial fabrics, art works, pharmaceuticals, machinery and brewing. In 2003, Tiantai's GDP was 4.7 billion RMB with tax revenues of 560 million RMB.

Xianju County

Xianju County (Chinese: 仙居县; pinyin: Xiānjū Xiàn Tai-chow dialect: Sin-kü Yön) is a county of Zhejiang, China. It is under the administration of the Taizhou city. It is the location of Shenxianju, a geological site protected by the Chinese government. Xianju is an economically underdeveloped county, relying somewhat on tourism. On October 15, Shenxianju scenic spot became a national 5A level scenic spot.

Ying Yong

Ying Yong (Chinese: 应勇; pinyin: Yīng Yǒng; born November 1957) is a Chinese politician and current Mayor of Shanghai. He came to prominence beginning in 2003 in Zhejiang province, and served as the President of the provincial High Court. He served as the head of the Organization Department of the Shanghai Municipal Party Committee before he became deputy party chief of Shanghai.

Yuhuan

Yuhuan (simplified Chinese: 玉环; traditional Chinese: 玉環; pinyin: Yùhuán) is a county-level city of Taizhou, at the midsection along the coast of southeastern Zhejiang Province, China. Yuhuan, with total area of 2,279 km2 (880 sq mi) including land area of 378 km2 (146 sq mi), has a total population of 392,800 containing a permanent population of 93,000 from other provinces and regions.

Yuhuan administers 3 streets, 6 towns and 2 villages, referring to Yucheng Street, Damaiyu Street, Kanmen Street; Chumen Town, Qinggang Town, Lupu Town, Ganjiang Town, Shamen Town, Longxi Town; Jishan Village and Haishan Village. Yucheng Street is the administrative and commercial center of Yuhuan.

Zhao Rukuo

Zhao Rukuo (simplified Chinese: 赵汝适; traditional Chinese: 趙汝适; pinyin: Zhào Rǔkuò; 1170–1231), also written as Chau Ju-Kua/Chou Ju-kua/Zhao Rugua, or misread as Zhao Rushi, was a Chinese historian and politician during the Song dynasty. He wrote a two-volume book titled Zhu Fan Zhi. The book deals with the world known to the Chinese in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries; the first volume is a list of foreign places with descriptions of each place and the customs of its local people. The second volume is a catalog of trade goods.

Zhou Jieqiong

Zhou Jieqiong (born December 16, 1998), known professionally as Jieqiong or Kyulkyung (in Korean), is a Chinese singer based in South Korea and signed under Pledis Entertainment. After finishing sixth in survival show Produce 101, she became a member of the girl group I.O.I. She was also a member of Pristin and its subgroup Pristin V.

Transcriptions
Standard Mandarin
Hanyu PinyinPRC Standard Mandarin: Tāizhōu
ROC Standard Mandarin: Táizhōu
BopomofoPRC: ㄊㄞ   ㄓㄡ
ROC: ㄊㄞˊ   ㄓㄡ
Gwoyeu RomatzyhPRC: Taijou
ROC: Tairjou
Wade–GilesPRC: Tʻai1-chou1
ROC: Tʻai2-chou1
Tongyong PinyinPRC: Taijhou
ROC: Táijhou
Yale RomanizationPRC: Tāijōu
ROC: Táijōu
MPS2PRC: Tāijōu
ROC: Táijōu
IPAPRC: [tʰái.ʈʂóu]
ROC: [tʰǎi.ʈʂóu]
Wu
RomanizationT'e-tsiu (Taizhounese)
Imperial conversion
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
1.5
 
 
54
40
 
 
3.1
 
 
54
43
 
 
3.1
 
 
63
49
 
 
2.9
 
 
70
56
 
 
7
 
 
78
66
 
 
10
 
 
83
73
 
 
5.2
 
 
91
78
 
 
10
 
 
90
78
 
 
5.7
 
 
84
73
 
 
4
 
 
77
64
 
 
3.5
 
 
67
55
 
 
4.6
 
 
55
42
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Climate data for Taizhou, 2013-2015
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 12.2
(54.0)
12.4
(54.3)
17.0
(62.6)
21.3
(70.3)
25.5
(77.9)
28.6
(83.5)
32.6
(90.7)
32.3
(90.1)
28.8
(83.8)
25.0
(77.0)
19.4
(66.9)
12.8
(55.0)
22.3
(72.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 8.4
(47.1)
9.1
(48.4)
13.1
(55.6)
17.3
(63.1)
22.1
(71.8)
25.6
(78.1)
29.1
(84.4)
28.8
(83.8)
25.7
(78.3)
21.3
(70.3)
16.0
(60.8)
9.1
(48.4)
18.8
(65.8)
Average low °C (°F) 4.6
(40.3)
5.9
(42.6)
9.2
(48.6)
13.2
(55.8)
18.8
(65.8)
22.6
(72.7)
25.5
(77.9)
25.3
(77.5)
22.5
(72.5)
17.7
(63.9)
12.6
(54.7)
5.4
(41.7)
15.3
(59.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 37.6
(1.48)
79.7
(3.14)
79.1
(3.11)
74.5
(2.93)
178.3
(7.02)
262.3
(10.33)
131.8
(5.19)
260.9
(10.27)
145.6
(5.73)
101.4
(3.99)
89.5
(3.52)
116.2
(4.57)
1,556.8
(61.29)
Source #1: Tianqi.com,[4]
Source #2: Jiaojiang Agricultural and Forestry Website[5]
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