Taipei Songshan Airport

Taipei Songshan Airport (IATA: TSA, ICAO: RCSS) is a mid-size commercial airport and military airbase located in Songshan, Taipei, Taiwan (the Republic of China). The airport covers an area of 182 hectares (450 acres).[2]

The civilian section of Songshan Airport, officially Taipei International Airport (臺北國際航空站; Táiběi Gúojì Hángkōngzhàn), has scheduled flights to domestic destinations in Taiwan and international destinations including Seoul, Tokyo, and select cities in mainland China. Songshan serves only a small portion of the international flights for Taipei using the larger Taoyuan International Airport. Songshan Airport is also the base of certain Republic of China Air Force units as part of the Songshan Air Force Base (空軍松山基地; Kōngjūn Sōngshān Jīdì). The Songshan Base Command's main mission is to serve the President and Vice President of the Republic of China.

Taipei Songshan Airport

臺北松山機場
Taipei Songshan Airport 1st Terminal Building 20090926
Summary
Airport typePublic & Military
OperatorCivil Aeronautics Administration
Ministry of National Defense
ServesTaipei
LocationSongshan District, Taipei, Taiwan (ROC)
Elevation AMSL5 m / 18 ft
Coordinates25°04′10″N 121°33′06″E / 25.06944°N 121.55167°E
WebsiteTaipei Songshan Airport
Map
TSA is located in Taiwan
TSA
TSA
Location of airport in Taiwan
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
10/28 2,605 8,547 Paved
Statistics (2018)
Number of passengers6,225,932 Increase 4.76%
Aircraft movement58,056
Total Cargo (metric tonnes)47,132.9
Sources: Civil Aeronautics Ministry[1]
Taipei Songshan Airport

History

Douglas DC-6 and DC-3 23a
Civil Air Transport flight at Songshan Airport in 1966.

The airport was built in 1936 during Japanese rule with its origins as a Japanese military airbase, the Taihoku Airfield (Japanese: 臺北飛行場 Hepburn: Taihoku Hikōjō), also known as Matsuyama Airfield (松山飛行場). After World War II, in 1946, it was taken over by the Republic of China Air Force.[3] Before the end of the Chinese Civil War and the establishment of the People's Republic of China, the airport provided flight routes between Shanghai and Taipei, occasionally via Fuzhou.[3]

Shared military and civilian use—both domestic and international—began on 16 April 1950[4] in the reconstructed Civil Aeronautics Administration Taipei Airport (交通部民用航空局台北航空站).[3] Domestic destinations have been Kaohsiung, Hualien, Taichung, Penghu, and Tainan. The first international destinations were Seattle, Tokyo, Pusan, Manila, Bangkok, and Hong Kong.[3] The first international airlines included Northwest Airlines, Pan American Airlines, and Hong Kong Airways (now Cathay Pacific). Later, the airport became too small to handle an increased number of passengers, even after a series of expansions. This later worsened when new wide-body jets became common at the airport.[3] Therefore, all international activities were relocated to Taoyuan International Airport (then known as Chiang Kai-shek International) after its inauguration on 26 February 1979.[3][5] Consequently, the passenger load at the airport dropped from 6.2 million in 1978 to 2.9 million in 1979 (a 53% decrease).[6] At its peak in 1997, the airport handled over 15.3 million passengers annually.

Service to Taichung and Chiayi was stopped in mid-2007 after the load factor dropped significantly due to Taiwan High Speed Rail start of revenue service in January 2007. Passenger volume decreased from 6.7 million in 2006 to 4.4 million in 2007 (a 34% decrease).[6] Also due to the opening of the high speed rail line, on 1 March 2008, Uni Air suspended its service to Kaohsiung, while Far Eastern Air Transport suspended its service to Tainan.[7] TransAsia Airways decided to stop flights to Tainan and Kaohsiung after 1 August 2008.[8][9]

In early 1999 when the construction of Taipei 101 had just started, Taiwan's Civil Aeronautics Administration changed this airport's certain SID and STAR procedures to avoid possible collision with the building. The 677-meter Fuxing North Road Underground Passage (復興北路車行地下道) was constructed between 1997 and 2006 under this airport's runway to link the north and south side of this airport.[10]

Regular cross-Strait charter flights to China started on 4 July 2008, with Songshan receiving the majority of flights.[11] Direct flights to China were an issue of contention. Then-mayor Ma Ying-jeou had been pressing to make Songshan Airport Taipei's main International terminal, citing that its location close to the city center would make it preferable for business travelers. However, building height restrictions around the airport raised concerns about flight safety, blocking of radio communications, noise pollution, and a reduced number of flights.[12]

The continuing growth of Taipei City means that Songshan airport is situated in the heart of downtown Taipei. Compared to Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport, Songshan Airport saves travelers about 30 minutes due to its location inside Taipei City's central business district, but the city suffers from the noise, pollution, restrictions on urban planning, and traffic congestion the airport brings about. In the 2002 and 2006 Taipei Mayor Election DPP candidates Lee Ying-yuan and Frank Hsieh both proposed the plan to close Songshan Airport, and developed its land into road, huge park, detention basin and sports arena, since the Taiwan High Speed Rail could quickly take up the traffic load between Taipei and western Taiwan cities, and the remaining service to outlying islands and eastern Taiwan could be easily taken over by the Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport after the completion of Taoyuan International Airport Access MRT System by the end of 2016. Also, the MRT system will make the international potential of Songshan airport less attractive. The Songshan Airport closing proposal was deferred under the Taipei City Government which has long been dominated by the Pan-Blue Coalition, who prefers the downtown airport connection concept with Shanghai, Seoul, and Tokyo.

Due to the introduction of Taiwan-China flights and future international potential, the airport is undergoing extensive renovations, the first phase of which is expected to be completed by October 2010.[13] The second and third phase renovations are expected to be completed by March and October 2011, respectively. However, as of November 2011 renovations are still in progress. A new international cargo terminal is being built in anticipation of a new air route between Taiwan and Japan.[14] The unused Terminal 2 was refurbished to accommodate arriving flights while the main Terminal, now Terminal 1, was rearranged to handle increased passenger traffic.[11] On 29 March 2011, the renovated Terminal 2 was re-opened to handle domestic flights.[15]

International potential

Taipei Songshan Airport 2nd Terminal Building 20091018
Taipei Songshan Airport Terminal 2.
Panoramic views of the viewing platform in RCSS
Songshan Airport observation deck

Songshan Airport is seen to have the potential to attract business travelers within Pacific Asia due to its location in downtown Taipei. Flights to Bangkok–Don Mueang, Jakarta–Halim Perdanakusuma, Kuala Lumpur–Subang, Singapore–Seletar, Nagoya–Komaki, Osaka–Itami, Seoul–Gimpo,[16] Shanghai–Hongqiao, Beijing–Nanyuan, and Tokyo–Haneda[16] are especially attractive since these airports are also in the central areas of their respective cities, and all these cities have larger far flung international airports. The airport is currently in the process of expansion to better accommodate international flights.[17]

On 6 March 2009, Japan and Taiwan signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the revision of Taiwan–Japan bilateral traffic. Four carriers (EVA Air, China Airlines, Japan Airlines, and ANA) would be able to operate from Songshan Airport to Tokyo–Haneda. In December 2009, an affirmative schedule for the route between Tokyo–Haneda and Taipei–Songshan was announced.[18] Starting in October 2010, EVA Air, China Airlines, Japan Airlines, and ANA each operates two flights a day from Taipei–Songshan to Tokyo–Haneda,[18] with China Airlines and EVA Air both utilizing the A330-300 on the route. Japan Airlines and ANA began this route with the Boeing 767. Both ANA and Japan Airlines have phased in newer 787-8's on the route beginning in 2013 and 2014 respectively.

On 14 June 2010, direct flights between Taipei–Songshan and Shanghai–Hongqiao began.[19] Each week has 28 flights, served by China Eastern Airlines, Shanghai Airlines, Air China, China Airlines, EVA Air, and TransAsia Airways. The airport will undergo upgrades to its runway and reduce its jet bridges from eight to six to accommodate wider contemporary aircraft such as the Airbus A330 and Boeing 767.[20]

Airlines and destinations

Passenger

TSA destinations
Countries and cities with direct flights to Taipei Songshan
AirlinesDestinations
Air China Chongqing,[21] Shanghai–Hongqiao, Tianjin
All Nippon Airways Tokyo–Haneda
China Airlines Seoul–Gimpo, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Tokyo–Haneda
China Eastern Airlines Shanghai–Hongqiao
China Eastern Airlines
operated by Shanghai Airlines
Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong
Eastar Jet Seoul–Gimpo
EVA Air Chongqing,[22] Seoul–Gimpo, Tianjin,[22] Shanghai–Hongqiao, Tokyo–Haneda
Far Eastern Air Transport Fuzhou, Kinmen, Hefei, Penghu, Taiyuan
Japan Airlines Tokyo–Haneda
Mandarin Airlines Fuzhou, Kinmen, Penghu, Taitung, Wenzhou, Wuhan
Scheduled charter: Hualien[23]
Sichuan Airlines Chengdu, Chongqing
T'way Air Seoul–Gimpo
Uni Air Hangzhou,[22] Shanghai–Pudong, Xiamen, Hengchun, Hualien, Kinmen, Matsu Beigan, Matsu Nangan, Penghu, Taitung
XiamenAir Fuzhou, Xiamen

Traffic and statistics

In 2018, Songshan Airport handled 6,225,932 passengers and 47,132.9 tons of cargo.[1] The route between Taipei Songshan and Kinmen is the busiest domestic route in Taiwan, with 1,267,630 travelers in 2018.[24] In 2018, the ten routes with the largest number of passengers are as follows:

Busiest routes from Taipei–Songshan (2018)[25][26]
Rank Airport Category Passengers 2018 Carriers
1 Tokyo–Haneda International 1,418,248 China Airlines, EVA Air, All Nippon Airways, Japan Airlines
2 Kinmen Domestic 1,267,630 Mandarin Airlines, Uni Air, Far Eastern Air Transport
3 Penghu Domestic 1,036,535 Mandarin Airlines, Uni Air, Far Eastern Air Transport
4 Shanghai–Hongqiao International 727,278 China Airlines, EVA Air, Air China, China Eastern, Shanghai Airlines
5 Matsu Nangan Domestic 252,172 Uni Air
6 Taitung Domestic 249,056 Mandarin Airlines, Uni Air
7 Seoul–Gimpo International 242,363 China Airlines, EVA Air, Easter Jet, T'way Airlines
8 Shanghai–Pudong International 205,552 Uni Air, Shanghai Airlines
9 Fuzhou International 162,734 Mandarin Airlines, Far Eastern Air Transport, Xiamen Airlines
10 Xiamen International 147,771 Uni Air, Xiamen Airlines

Ground transportation

Rail

The airport is served by the Taipei Metro Neihu Line's Songshan Airport Station.[27] The TRA Songshan Airport Line also formerly served Songshan Airport from 1936 until 1976.

Bus

Several city buses also serve this airport, providing frequent links to the Tamsui Line and Wenshan Line of the Taipei Metro.

Accidents and incidents

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "5、民航運輸各機場營運量-按機場分" (PDF). www.caa.gov.tw (in Chinese). Retrieved 27 January 2019.
  2. ^ "Introduction to TSA". Taipei Songshan Airport. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "A Review: 50 Years of the Taipei Songshan Airport". Taipei Songshan Airport. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  4. ^ "Basic Information". Taipei Songshan Airport. Archived from the original on 11 June 2011. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  5. ^ Xing, Zheng Yuan (1979). China yearbook. China Pub. Co. p. 10. Retrieved 7 July 2011.
  6. ^ a b "The Statistic Table of Working Capability in Taipei International Air Terminal From 1952 to 2008". Taipei Songshan Airport. Retrieved 18 July 2011.
  7. ^ Shelly Shan (29 January 2008). "CAA approves end of Taipei–Kaohsiung flights on Uni Air". Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  8. ^ "Flight routes may decrease gradually". The China Post. 17 July 2008. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  9. ^ "No more Taipei–Tainan flights after July". The China Post. 23 July 2008. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  10. ^ "TAIWAN INAUGURATES US$142 MLN ROAD TUNNEL UNDER AIRPORT". AsiaPulse News. 6 November 2006. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  11. ^ a b "Taipei airport being renovated". The China Post. 22 June 2008. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  12. ^ "Gov't picks inferior option for airport: lawmaker". 12 November 2007. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  13. ^ "President promises all-out effort in renovating Songshan Airport". 15 June 2010. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  14. ^ "Songshan Airport to build international cargo terminal". Taiwan News. 22 July 2009. Archived from the original on 24 May 2014. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  15. ^ "Songshan Airport's Terminal 2 to open for domestic flights Tuesday". 25 March 2011. Retrieved 28 March 2011.
  16. ^ a b "Hau criticizes Su after unveiling election slogan". Taipei Times. 9 June 2010. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  17. ^ "Songshan Airport expansion may be delayed". China Post. 28 February 2010. Retrieved 2 March 2010.
  18. ^ a b "Taiwan, Japan sign pact". The China Post. 12 December 2009. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  19. ^ 上海虹橋和台北松山開始直航 (in Chinese). BBC. 14 June 2010.
  20. ^ 松山機場打造首都機場 釀飛安疑慮 (in Chinese). 16 May 2009.
  21. ^ "Air China expands Chongqing – Taipei service in W17". routesonline. Retrieved 10 October 2017.
  22. ^ a b c "EVA Air schedules new routes from Taipei Song Shan". routesonline. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  23. ^ "Mandarin Airlines schedules 3-month Hualien service from Dec 2016". routesonline. Retrieved 28 November 2016.}
  24. ^ "臺閩地區國內航線班機載客率及市場佔有率-按航線分" (PDF). CAA. CAA. Retrieved 23 January 2015.
  25. ^ "台北松山機場國際及兩岸定期航線班機載客率-按航線分" (PDF). Retrieved 27 January 2019.
  26. ^ "台北松山機場國內航線班機載客率及市場占有率-按航線分" (PDF). Retrieved 27 January 2019.
  27. ^ "Route Map: Songshan Airport". Department of Rapid Transit Systems. Archived from the original on 2 September 2011. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  28. ^ "Matsumyama Airfield". World War II Database. Retrieved 12 December 2017.
  29. ^ "B-243 Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 12 October 2010.
  30. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 8 October 2009.
  31. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 8 October 2009.
  32. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 8 October 2009.
  33. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 737–222 B-2603 Miao-Li". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  34. ^ "TransAsia Airways GE235 Flight Occurrence". Aviation Safety Council. Retrieved 24 November 2015.

External links

Media related to Taipei Songshan Airport at Wikimedia Commons

China Airlines Flight 206

China Airlines Flight 206 was a flight operated by a China Airlines NAMC YS-11, registration B-156, that crashed on approach to Taipei Songshan Airport on 12 August 1970. While preparing to land, the aircraft entered thick fog and a severe thunderstorm. Whilst on final approach the plane crashed into a bamboo grove near the top of Yuan Mountain, killing 14 of the 31 people aboard.

Computex

COMPUTEX Taipei, or Taipei International Information Technology Show (Chinese: 台北國際電腦展; pinyin: Táiběi guójì diànnǎo zhǎn), is a computer expo held annually in Taipei, Taiwan. Since the early 2000s, it is among one of the largest computer and technology trade shows in the world.

The last COMPUTEX was held from June 5th to June 9th 2018 with the themes “AI”, “5G”, “Blockchain”, “IoT”, “Innovations & Startups”, and “Gaming & VR”, will have keynotes on the topics of future technology trends and artificial intelligence, and hold forums on the topics of "IoT+" and innovation & startups. The next COMPUTEX will be held from May 28 to June 1, 2019

Daily Air

Daily Air Corporation (Chinese: 德安航空; pinyin: Déān Hángkōng) is an airline with its headquarters in Songshan District, Taipei, Taiwan. It operates scheduled passenger services to offshore islands from Taiwan, including Penghu, Green Island and Orchid Island, as well as helicopter contract services and charters. Its main base is Taipei Songshan Airport, with hubs at Kaohsiung International Airport and Taitung Airport.

Far Eastern Air Transport

FAT Taiwan Inc., (Chinese: 遠東航空) doing business as Far Eastern Air Transport (FAT), is an airline with its head office in Songshan District, Taipei, Taiwan (Republic of China).

Established in 1957, it operated domestic services from Taipei and Kaohsiung to five regional cities and international services to Southeast Asia, South Korea and Palau. Its main base was Taipei Songshan Airport. After a succession of financial crises in early 2008, the airline publicly announced its bankruptcy and stopped all flights with effect from 13 May 2008. The airline recommenced operations on 18 April 2011. The airline emerged from bankruptcy restructuring on 16 October 2015.

Far Eastern Air Transport Flight 103

Far Eastern Air Transport Flight 103 was a flight from Taiwan Taipei Songshan Airport to Kaohsiung International Airport flight that crashed on 22 August 1981, killing all 110 people on board. The Boeing 737-222 aircraft disintegrated in mid-air and crashed in Sanyi Township Miaoli County mountain Village double pit area. It is also called the Sanyi Air Disaster. The crash is the second-deadliest aviation accident on Taiwanese soil, behind China Airlines Flight 676.

Far Eastern Air Transport Flight 104

Far Eastern Air Transport Flight 104 was a short-haul flight from Kaohsiung International Airport to Taipei Songshan Airport, Taiwanusing a Handley Page Dart Herald aircraft that crashed on 24 February 1969 upon its approach for an emergency landing in Tainan Airport in Taiwan.

Formosa Airlines

Formosa Airlines (traditional Chinese: 國華航空; simplified Chinese: 国华航空; pinyin: Guóhuá Hángkōng) was a regional airline from Taiwan, operating an extensive network of domestic routes out of its bases at Taipei Songshan Airport and Kaohsiung International Airport. Its headquarters were in Taipei.

List of airports in Taiwan

This is a list of airports in Taiwan, grouped by type and sorted by number of passengers.

List of the busiest airports in Taiwan

The tables below contains data published by the Civil Aeronautics Administration on the busiest airports in Taiwan by total passenger traffic.

Mandarin Airlines

Mandarin Airlines (traditional Chinese: 華信航空; simplified Chinese: 华信航空; pinyin: Huáxìn Hángkōng) is a Taiwanese regional airline based in Taipei, Taiwan, whose parent company is China Airlines. The airline operates domestic and regional international flights, while its parent company focuses on international operations. Some charter services are also operated by the company. Its main hub is Taipei Songshan Airport with others at Taichung International Airport and Kaohsiung International Airport.

Matsu Beigan Airport

Matsu Beigan Airport (Chinese: 馬祖北竿機場; pinyin: Mǎzǔ Běigān Jīchǎng) (IATA: MFK, ICAO: RCMT) is one of the airports in Matsu Islands, Lienchiang County, Fukien Province, Taiwan (ROC). It also serves as a heliport and located on Beigan Island. It is served by Uni Air ATR 72-600 (立榮航空) with scheduled flights to Taipei Songshan Airport.

National Airborne Service Corps

The National Airborne Service Corps (NASC; Chinese: 內政部空中勤務總隊; pinyin: Nèizhèngbù Kōngzhōng Qínwù Zǒngduì; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Lāi-chèng-pō͘ Khong-tiong Khîn-bū Chóng-tūi) is the agency of the Ministry of the Interior of the Republic of China (Taiwan) responsible for executing and providing support for search and rescue, disaster relief, emergency medical service, transportation, monitoring, reconnaissance and patrol in Taiwan.

RCSS

RCSS may refer to:

Real Canadian Superstore

Restoration Council of Shan State

Taipei Songshan Airport, by ICAO code

Songshan

Songshan or Song Shan (both variably written in Chinese as 松山 or 嵩山) may refer to any of the following places:

Mount Song, or Song Shan, one of the Five Sacred Mountains of Taoism, on the south bank of the Yellow River in Henan

Songshan District, Chifeng, Inner Mongolia

Songshan District, Taipei

Taipei Songshan Airport

Songshan Line of the Taipei Metro

Songshan StationTownsSongshan, Fujian, in Luoyuan County

Songshan, Guizhou, in Ziyun Miao and Buyei Autonomous County

Songshan, Gansu, in Bairi (Tianzhu) Tibetan Autonomous County

Songshan, Guangxi, in Rong County

Songshan, Liaoning, in Taihe District, Jinzhou

Songshan, Jilin, in PanshiSubdistrictsSongshan Road Subdistrict, Zhengzhou, in Erqi District, Zhengzhou, Henan

Songshan Road Subdistrict, Zhuzhou, in Tianyuan District, Zhuzhou, Hunan

Songshan Airport metro station

The Taipei Metro Songshan Airport station is located in Songshan, Taipei, Taiwan. It is a station on Brown Line and serves as a transportation gateway to Taipei Songshan Airport.

Tainan Airport

Tainan Airport (Chinese: 臺南機場; formally "臺南航空站") (IATA: TNN, ICAO: RCNN) is a commercial airport located in South District, Tainan, Taiwan. It is shared with Republic of China Air Force Tainan AFB. In January 2011, the Civil Aeronautics Administration approved the airport to handle international flights.

TransAsia Airways

TransAsia Airways (TNA; traditional Chinese: 復興航空; simplified Chinese: 复兴航空; pinyin: Fùxīng Hángkōng) (lit. "Revival" Airways) was a Taiwanese airline based in Neihu District in Taipei. Though the company started its operations focusing mainly on the Taiwanese domestic market, it operated on many scheduled international routes and focused mainly on Southeast- and Northeast Asia and cross-strait flights at the time of closure.

TransAsia suspended operations and shut down indefinitely on 22 November 2016 after a pair of hull loss incidents that occurred within months of each other. Its low-cost-carrier subsidiary V Air already ceased operations in October 2016. On January 11, 2017 the company's shareholders voted to liquidate it. On 29 June 2018, the company entered bankruptcy.

TransAsia Airways Flight 235

TransAsia Airways Flight 235 was a TransAsia Airways domestic flight from Taipei to Kinmen (Quemoy), Republic of China. On 4 February 2015, the aircraft serving the flight, a ten-month-old ATR 72-600, crashed into the Keelung River shortly after takeoff from Taipei Songshan Airport, 5.4 km (3.4 mi) to the west of Songshan in Taiwan. The aircraft had 53 passengers and five crew on board; there were 15 survivors.

Two minutes after takeoff, the pilots reported an engine flameout. Flight 235 climbed to a maximum height of 1,510 feet (460 m), then descended. The other engine, still working, was shut down mistakenly. Immediately before crashing into the river, it banked sharply left and clipped a taxi travelling west on the Huandong Viaduct (causing two more injuries), then the viaduct itself, with its left wing.

Flight 235 was the second fatal accident involving a TransAsia Airways ATR aircraft within seven months: Flight 222 had crashed on 23 July 2014, killing 48 of the 58 on board.

Transcriptions
Standard Mandarin
Hanyu PinyinTáiběi Sōngshān Jīchǎng
Southern Min
Hokkien POJTâi-ôan Siông-san Ki-tiûⁿ
Over 4 million passengers per year
1.5–4 million passengers per year
Under 1.5 million passengers per year
Military
Defunct

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.