Taipei–Keelung metropolitan area

The Taipei–Keelung metropolitan area (Chinese: 臺北基隆都會區; pinyin: Táiběi-Jīlóng Dūhùiqū) also commonly known as Greater Taipei Area (Chinese: 大臺北地區; pinyin: Dà Táiběi Dìqū) is the largest metropolitan area in Taiwan.

Taipei–Keelung metropolitan area
Location of Taipei–Keelung metropolitan area
Location of Taipei–Keelung metropolitan area
Coordinates: 25°2′N 121°38′E / 25.033°N 121.633°ECoordinates: 25°2′N 121°38′E / 25.033°N 121.633°E
Major CitiesTaipei
New Taipei
 • Metro
2,457.13 km2 (874.59 sq mi)
(End of January 2019)
 • Metro
 • Metro density2,862.7/km2 (8,042.7/sq mi)


The official definition of the Taipei–Keelung metropolitan area until 2010 included Taipei, Taipei County and Keelung.

Division name Population
(31 January 2019)[1]
(per km²)
Taipei City 2,666,908 271.80 9,812.0
New Taipei City 3,997,189 2,052.57 1,947.4
Keelung City 369,987 132.76 2,786.9
Taipei–Keelung metropolitan area 7,034,084 2,457.13 2,862.7
Taoyuan City 2,223,733 1,220.95 1,821.3
Taipei–Keelung–Taoyuan metropolitan area 9,257,817 3,678.08 2,517.0

Some international reports consider Taipei–Keelung–Taoyuan (臺北基隆桃園都會區; Táiběi–Jīlóng–Táoyuán Dūhùiqū) as a real complete metropolitan area.[1][2][3]


Due to the geographical characteristics of the area, the Taipei–Keelung metropolitan area roughly corresponds to areas located within the Taipei Basin. Taipei City serves as the core of the metropolitan area where the government of Taiwan and major commercial districts are located.

Geographical Subdivision

The metropolitan area contains Taipei City, Keelung City, and New Taipei City (surrounding the two previous cities). The geographical subdivisions are listed as follows:

New Taipei City Hall 20131108
New Taipei City Hall

in New Taipei City:


in New Taipei City:

in Taipei City:


in Keelung City:

in Taipei City:

in New Taipei City:


in Taipei City:


in New Taipei City:


in New Taipei City:


2014 Taipei–Keelung metropolitan area's GDP per capita(PPP) was US$46,102.[4]



Taipei City Hall Metro Station Platform
Platform of the Taipei City Hall Station on the Taipei Metro system.

The Taipei–Keelung metropolitan area is served by routes of the Taiwan Railway Administration (Western Line) and Taiwan High Speed Rail which connect the area with all parts of the island. For rapid transit, Taipei and New Taipei are served by the Taipei Metro with daily trips of over 2 million passengers.


The area is served by Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport for international flights while Songshan Airport is primarily for domestic flights, international flights to Tokyo and Seoul; and also cross-strait flights.


An extensive bus system serves the metropolitan area.

See also


  1. ^ a b 鄉鎮市區人口及按都會區統計. Taiwan Ministry of Interior. 2013.
  2. ^ World: metropolitan areas Archived 2007-09-30 at the Wayback Machine World Gazetteer, 2010
  3. ^ Taipei: largest cities and towns and statistics of their population Archived 2011-09-02 at the Wayback Machine World Gazetteer, 2010
  4. ^
Economy of Taiwan

The national economy of Taiwan (officially known as Republic of China), is the 7th largest economy in Asia, and is included in the advanced economies group by the International Monetary Fund and gauged in the high-income economies group by the World Bank, and ranked 15th in the world by the Global Competitiveness Report of World Economic Forum, has a developed capitalist economy that ranks as the 22nd-largest in the world by purchasing power parity (PPP), ranks as 18th in the world by gross domestic product (GDP) at purchasing power parity per capita (person), and 24th in nominal GDP of investment and foreign trade by the Republic of China (Taiwan) government, commonly referred to as Taiwan. As of 2018, telecommunication, financial services and utility services are three highest individuals paid sectors in Taiwan. The economy of Taiwan ranks the highest in Asia for 2015 Global Entrepreneurship Index (GEI) for specific strengths. Most large government-owned banks and industrial firms have been privatized, and now family owned businesses are the streamlined economic factors in Taiwan. With the technocracy-centered economic planning under martial law until 1987, real growth in GDP has averaged about 8% during the past three decades. Exports have grown even faster and since World War II, have provided the primary impetus for industrialization. Inflation and unemployment are low; the trade surplus is substantial; and foreign reserves are the world's fourth largest. Agriculture contributes 3% to GDP, down from 35% in 1952, and the service sector makes up 73% of the economy. Traditional labor-intensive industries are steadily being moved off-shore and replaced with more capital- and technology-intensive industries in the pre-mature stage of the manufacturing industry in the global economic competitions on labor cost (key performance indicator), automation (industry 4.0), product design realization (prototype), technology commercialization (innovation with knowledge/practical stickiness), scientific materialization (patent), scientific discovery (scientific findings from empirical scientific method), and growing from the over-reliance from the original equipment manufacturer and original design manufacturer models, in which there is no single University from Taiwan entering Reuter's Global Top Innovative 100 University ranking, and the economy of Taiwan may need international collaboration on University, Research and Industrial cooperation on spin-off opportunities. Economy of Taiwan is an indispensable partner in the Global Value Chains of Electronics Industry. Electronic components and personal computer are two areas of international strength of Taiwan's Information Technology industry, which means the economy of Taiwan has the competitive edge on having the learning curve from advanced foreign technologies with lower cost to be produced and sold abroad. Institute for Information Industry with its international recognitions is responsible for the development of IT industry and ICT industry in Taiwan. Industrial Technology Research Institute with its global partners is the advanced research center for applied technology for the economy of Taiwan. Directorate-General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics and Ministry of Economic Affairs release major economic indicators of the economy of Taiwan. Chung-Hua Institution for Economic Research provides economic forecast at the forefront for the economy of Taiwan and authoritatively researches on the bilateral economic relations with ASEAN by The Taiwan ASEAN Studies Center (TASC). Taiwan Stock Exchange is the host to the listed companies of local industries in Taiwan with weighted financial exposures to the FTSE Taiwan Index and MSCI Taiwan Index.

International Trade is officially assisted by Taiwan External Trade Development Council. Taiwanese investors and businesses have become major investors in mainland China, Vietnam, Thailand, Indonesia, the Philippines, and Malaysia. Because of the conservative and stable financial policy by the Central Bank of the Republic of China (Taiwan) and the entrepreneurial strengths, Taiwan suffered little from the financial crisis of 1997-1999 compared to many economies in the region. Two major banks in Taiwan are Bank of Taiwan and Mega International Commercial Bank, but financial industry is not the major international industry in Taiwan. Unlike the neighboring Japan and South Korea, small and medium-sized businesses make up a significant proportion of the businesses in Taiwan. Taiwan is characterized as one of the Newly industrialized economy in the wake of the Ten Major Construction Projects since 1970's. Since 1990's, the economy of Taiwan has adopted economic liberalization with the successive regulatory reforms. London Metal Exchange, the largest metal stock exchange in the world, approved Kaohsiung, Taiwan as a good delivery point for primary aluminium, aluminium alloy, copper, lead, nickel, tin and zinc and as the LME’s ninth location in Asia on 17 June 2013, for future contracts on metals and industrial production of the global integration of the economy of Taiwan. The economy of Taiwan has the world's highest modern convenience store concentration density. The Indirect tax system of the economy of Taiwan comprises Gross Business Receipts Tax (GBRT) (Gross receipts tax) and Value-added tax. The economy of Taiwan is ranked 15th overall in the Global Top 20 Top Destination Cities by International Overnight Visitors (2014) by the MasterCard 2014 Global Destination Cities Index. Bubble Tea originated in Taiwan.Taiwan is a member of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), the World Trade Organization (WTO), and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC). Taiwan is also an observer at the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) under the name of "Chinese Taipei", and a member of International Chamber of Commerce as "Chinese Taipei". Taiwan signed Economic Cooperation Framework Agreement with People's Republic of China on 29 June 2010. Taiwan also signed free trade pact with Singapore and New Zealand. Taiwan is seeking to join the Trans-Pacific Partnership no later than 2020 if economic requirements are met. The economy of Taiwan also applied for the membership in the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank in 2015. Taiwan's top five trade partners in 2010 are China, Japan, USA, the European Union, and Hong Kong.The economy of Taiwan, compared with other major economies in the region, is "at a crossroads", and facing economic marginalization in the world economy, in addition to de-internationalization, low-paid salary to employees and uncertain outlook for personal promotion of staff, which results in human resource talents seeking career opportunities elsewhere in the Asia-Pacific region, and businesses in Taiwan suffer most from being the size of small and medium enterprises only with weaker-than-expected revenue of its hectic business operation for any consideration of further expansion, and overall impedes any attempts at economic transformation of Taiwan from the Taiwanese government. The World Trade Organization has also reviewed Chinese Taipei's economic outlook in 2010. The international industrial forecast of semiconductor manufacturing, which is the flagship industry of the economy of Taiwan, that faces immense competition ahead with its American counterparts. To conclude, facing the Market failure from Externality, the Taiwan government needs well-thought industrial policy urgently to adapt to the new economic landscape, and as an island economy with lack of natural resources and comparatively lower domestic aggregate demand, Taiwan's highly educated human resources would contribute greatly to Value added Innovation management for expanding Taiwan's international trade.


Keelung (Standard Mandarin Pīnyīn: Jīlóng; Hokkien POJ: Ke-lâng), officially known as Keelung City, is a major port city situated in the northeastern part of Taiwan. It borders New Taipei with which it forms the Taipei–Keelung metropolitan area, along with Taipei itself. Nicknamed the Rainy Port for its frequent rain and maritime role, the city is Taiwan's second largest seaport (after Kaohsiung).

List of LGBT film festivals

The following is a list of LGBT film festivals.

List of countries by national capital, largest and second largest cities

This is a list of the largest and second largest cities by population in each country. If a territory or region of a certain country is listed, the name of the country is specified in parentheses immediately after the name of the territory.

List of metropolitan areas in Taiwan

Metropolitan areas were recognized by the Taiwan government until 2010. This was the definition of metropolitan areas used by the government of Taiwan.

A metropolitan area is an economically and socially integrated area with one or more core cities. The population has to be over 300,000.

Core city: A core city has to satisfy the following three conditions:

Its population more than 200,000.

More than 70% of its residents living in the urbanized area.

More than 70% of the employed residents working within the city.

Satellite city: Within the same region of the core city, a city or township is defined as a satellite city if one of the following conditions is satisfied. A satellite city has to connect to the core city either directly or through its satellite cities.

More than 10% of the employed residents commuting to the core city.

More than 5% of the employed residents commuting to the core city and more than 40% of the residents living within the same urbanized area as the core city.

surrounded by satellite cities.

If a city is qualified to be a satellite city for more than one core cities, it is defined to be of the core city with more commuters.

A metropolitan area is named after the most populous core city.

Two metropolitan areas are combined into one if the distance between the largest core cities is less than 25 km or if they are bordered with each other for more than 1 km, and if there is close connection of their commuters.

List of railway and metro stations in Taiwan

There are currently six operating railway systems in Taiwan:

The two Inter-city rail systems, Taiwan Railways and Taiwan High Speed Rail, have several overlaps in station names. See below Taiwan High Speed Rail section for their relations in detail.

There are three rapid transit systems in Taiwan:

Taipei Metro, opened in March 1996, serves the core of Taipei–Keelung metropolitan area.

Kaohsiung Rapid Transit, opened in March 2008, serves the core of Kaohsiung metropolitan area.

Taoyuan Metro, opened in March 2017, connects the cores of Taipei and Taoyuan with Taoyuan International Airport.The Alishan Forest Railway is currently administered by Forestry Bureau as a heritage railway for tourists in Alishan National Scenic Area.

Station names in Taiwan are in Wade–Giles for major stations and in Hanyu Pinyin for other minor stations. Exceptions exist in Kaohsiung Rapid Transit, which uses Tongyong Pinyin in general. Other romanization systems also exists in some cases for private property or traditional place names. The law of Taiwan also requires all notifications in public transportation systems including station names shall be made in Mandarin, Taiwanese Hokkien, and Hakka.


A metropolis () is a large city or conurbation which is a significant economic, political, and cultural center for a country or region, and an important hub for regional or international connections, commerce, and communications. The term is Ancient Greek (μητρόπολις) and means the "mother city" of a colony (in the ancient sense), that is, the city which sent out settlers. This was later generalized to a city regarded as a center of a specified activity, or any large, important city in a nation.

A big city belonging to a larger urban agglomeration, but which is not the core of that agglomeration, is not generally considered a metropolis but a part of it. The plural of the word is metropolises, although the Latin plural is metropoles, from the Greek metropoleis (μητρoπόλεις).

For urban centers outside metropolitan areas that generate a similar attraction at smaller scale for their region, the concept of the regiopolis ("regio" for short) was introduced by German academics in 2006.

North–South divide in Taiwan

In Taiwan, the North–South divide(In Chinese: 重北輕南) is also known as North-South imbalance or North-South developmental gap and Stress the North, Ignore the South, refers to the uneven distribution of resources in regard to political, wealth, medical, economic development, education and other aspects across the north-south part of the country over past decades that has drawn the social and cultural differences between northern and southern Taiwan today. The core spiritual of which is derived from Southern Taiwanese's long-standing mindset as they believed they had been treated and regarded as socially inferior by the Taiwanese central government. The anger from the south quickly echoed throughout central Taiwan and eastern Taiwan as they also thought they're not fairly treated by the central government, compared to the northern part of Taiwan. It was known from the history that Taiwanese central government's policy support about the local's industrial development as well as public infrastructure is the critical determinant of a local city's future prospect on population.According to the literature review, the benefits of Taiwan's economic development has been largely reaped by the northern part of Taiwan, especially the capital city-Taipei City. The rest of the benefit reaped by regions other than northern Taiwan was not proportional to what they'd sowed. This kind of uneven distribution was particularly noticeable given the mass heavy industrial output from southern Taiwan and their final received budget from the central government. Due to shortage of budget supply, the local governments other than northern part of Taiwan generally had no money to run their own businesses to monetize but accumulating debts or anticipating any extra care from the central government led by Kuomintang (KMT).The population of the northern part of Taiwan has soared by nearly 4 million over the past few decades. In the meantime, the population of the central part of Taiwan has increased by 1.14 million, and that of the southern part of Taiwan has increased by 0.86 million. The growth tendency is focused on Taipei, and falls off with increasing distance. It's believed this is because of the central government's overall national development plan and national industrial policy.Over the past seven decades, the KMT was in power for more than sixty years (1945-2000、2008-2016) and the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) was in power for 10 years to date(2000~2008、2016~today). The gap of northern part of Taiwan and the southern part of Taiwan in developments from education, income, economy, culture, medicinal to other areas is on KMT party's account courtesy of its North-South bias policy.The North–South divide in Taiwan explains a series of controversies caused in today's Taiwan, which has involved the disagreements between migrant populations from China before and after 1949 on self-national identity, the long-term blatant racial discrimination by KMT government against the originals who lived in Taiwan since earlier than 1949, policies imposed after 1949 that devalued the original's life and achievements, the originals to be deprecated by the 1949 migrant population, and KMT-led central government's uneven governmental resources distributions, industrial policies and budget laws in favour of the regions that collected a relative high portion of those new migrant population, and the ensuing social economic disparity. Consequently, the most deprived areas in today's Taiwan hit hardest by the globalization together with pollution.

Special municipality (Taiwan)

A special municipality (Chinese: 直轄市; pinyin: zhíxiáshì; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: ti̍t-hat-chhī) is an administrative division unit in Taiwan. Under the administrative structure of Taiwan, it is the highest rank of division and is equivalent to a province. Since the streamlining of provinces in 1998, the special municipalities along with provincial cities and counties have all been directly under the central government. Currently there are six special municipalities in Taiwan: Kaohsiung, New Taipei, Taichung, Tainan, Taipei and Taoyuan.


Taipei (; Mandarin: [tʰǎipèi]; Hokkien POJ: Tâi-pak), officially known as Taipei City, is the capital and a special municipality of Taiwan (officially the Republic of China, "ROC"). Sitting at the northern tip of the island, Taipei City is an enclave of the municipality of New Taipei City that sits about 25 km (16 mi) southwest of the northern port city Keelung. Most of the city is located in the Taipei Basin, an ancient lakebed. The basin is bounded by the relatively narrow valleys of the Keelung and Xindian rivers, which join to form the Tamsui River along the city's western border.The city proper is home to an estimated population of 2,704,810 (2015), forming the core part of the Taipei–Keelung metropolitan area, which includes the nearby cities of New Taipei and Keelung with a population of 7,047,559, the 40th most-populous urban area in the world—roughly one-third of Taiwanese citizens live in the metro district. The name "Taipei" can refer either to the whole metropolitan area or the city proper.

Taipei is the political, economic, educational, and cultural center of Taiwan and one of the major hubs in East Asia. Considered to be a global city and rated as an Alpha City by GaWC, Taipei is part of a major high-tech industrial area. Railways, high-speed rail, highways, airports, and bus lines connect Taipei with all parts of the island. The city is served by two airports – Taipei Songshan and Taiwan Taoyuan. Taipei is home to various world-famous architectural or cultural landmarks, which include Taipei 101, Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall, Dalongdong Baoan Temple, Hsing Tian Kong, Lungshan Temple of Manka, National Palace Museum, Presidential Office Building, Taipei Guest House, Ximending, and several night markets dispersed throughout the city. Natural features such as Maokong, Yangmingshan, and hot springs are also well known to international visitors.

In English-language news reports the name Taipei often serves as a synecdoche referring to Taiwan's national government. Due to the ambiguous political status of Taiwan internationally, the term Chinese Taipei is also sometimes pressed into service as a synonym for the entire country, as when Taiwan's governmental representatives participate in international organizations or Taiwan's athletes participate in international sporting events.

Typhoon Soudelor

Typhoon Soudelor, known in the Philippines as Typhoon Hanna, was the third most intense tropical cyclone worldwide in 2015 after Hurricane Patricia and Cyclone Pam as well as the strongest tropical cyclone of the 2015 Pacific typhoon season. Soudelor had severe impacts in the Northern Mariana Islands, Taiwan, and eastern China, resulting in 40 confirmed fatalities. Lesser effects were felt in Japan, South Korea and the Philippines. The thirteenth named storm of the annual typhoon season, Soudelor formed as a tropical depression near Pohnpei on July 29. The system strengthened slowly at first before entering a period of rapid intensification on August 2. Soudelor made landfall on Saipan later that day, causing extensive damage. Owing to favorable environmental conditions, the typhoon further deepened and reached its peak intensity with ten-minute maximum sustained winds of 215 km/h (130 mph) and a central atmospheric pressure of 900 hPa (mbar; 26.58 inHg) on August 3. The Joint Typhoon Warning Center assessed one-minute sustained winds at 285 km/h (180 mph), making Soudelor a Category 5-equivalent super typhoon. Steady weakening ensued thereafter as the storm moved generally west-northwest. Soudelor made landfall over Hualien, Taiwan, late on August 7 and emerged over in the Taiwan Strait early the next day. The typhoon soon moved inland over eastern China and degraded to a tropical depression by August 9.

Soudelor is the second worst storm to strike Saipan in the Northern Mariana Islands in nearly 30 years (following Super Typhoon Yutu). Hundreds of homes were damaged or destroyed and power was expected to take a month to restore. Two people died in Guam due to rip currents. In Taiwan, torrential rains and destructive winds caused widespread damage and disruptions. A record-breaking 4.85 million households lost power on the island. At least 8 people died and 420 others sustained injury there; a ninth person died in the storm's aftermath. Portions of eastern China saw their heaviest rains in 100 years, resulting in deadly floods and landslides. Typhoon Soudelor killed 45 people in eastern China after parts of the country were hit by the heaviest rains in a century. Total economic losses were counted to be ¥24.627 billion (US$3.97 billion).

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