Tabanoidea

Superfamily Tabanoidea are insects in the order Diptera.

Tabanoidea
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Diptera
Infraorder: Tabanomorpha
Superfamily: Tabanoidea
Families

Systematics

Tabanoidea

  • Genus Oreoleptis Zloty, Sinclair, & Pritchard, 2005
  • Tribe Chrysopsini
  • Subfamily Pangoniinae
  • Tribe Pangoniini
  • Tribe Scionini
  • Tribe Haematopotini
Agkistrocerus

Agkistrocerus is a genus of horse flies in the family Tabanidae. There are at least three described species in Agkistrocerus.

Athericidae

Athericidae is a small family of flies known as water snipe flies or ibis flies. They used to be placed in the family Rhagionidae, but were removed by Stuckenberg in 1973. They are now known to be more closely related to Tabanidae. Species of Athericidae are found worldwide.

Atherix

Atherix is a genus of 'ibis flies' belonging to the family Athericidae, a small family very similar to the Rhagionidae (snipe flies). Species within this genus are present in most of Europe and also in the Nearctic ecozone. There are at least 30 described species in Atherix.

Atylotus

Atylotus is a genus of horse flies in the family Tabanidae. There are about 15 described species in Atylotus.

Brennania

Brennania is a genus of flies in family Tabanidae. It was originally known as Comops, created as a subgenus of Apatolestes by Brennan (1935). Philip (1941) then raised it to genus level, but renamed it to Brennania (as it was preoccupied by Comops Aldrich, 1934).

Brennania belkini

Brennania belkini is a species of fly in the horse-fly family, Tabanidae. It is native to the Los Angeles area in California, and it is also found in Mexico. It is known commonly as Belkin's dune tabanid fly.

Diachlorini

Diachlorini is a tribe of horse and deer flies in the family Tabanidae. There are at least 30 described species in Diachlorini.

Oreoleptidae

Oreoleptidae is a family of flies (insects in the order Diptera). The family was established in 2005 on the basis of the type species Oreoleptis torrenticola placed in the monotypic genus Oreoleptis. The only known species was collected from the Rocky Mountains where the larvae grow in torrential streams. Larvae have also been found in groundwater wells. The larvae are similar to those of Athericidae and Tabanidae but with long crocheted false-legs (prolegs) arising from abdominal segments 2-7. The larvae have hollow mandibular hooks.

The aberrant larvae had been collected in the past in the United States and considered as Athericids but entomologists had been unable to identify the adult stage until 2005 when adults were reared from larvae. The adults were found very similar to Pelecorhynchidae when identifying using the key in McAlpine's 1981 Manual of Nearctic Diptera but they stand apart due to the aedeagal tines and other male reproductive parts which indicate a clear similarity to the Athericidae and Tabanidae. The adults are dull grey with stylate antennae. The wing has cell r1 open.The name is said to be derived from Greek oreos (mountain) and leptos (thin, delicate). The proper word for "mountain" is oros (ὄρος) in ancient Greek.

Pelecorhynchidae

Pelecorhynchidae is a small family of flies. All of the genera were originally placed in the family Rhagionidae, and their elevation to family rank has been controversial. Other phylogenetic analyses have supported Pelecorhynchidae as a distinct clade from Rhagionidae. The adults of Pelecorhynchus mostly feed on nectar of Leptospermum flowers. Larvae have been collected in the damp margins of swamp areas, where they feed on earthworms.

Pseudoerinna

Pseudoerinna is a genus of flies in the family Pelecorhynchidae. There are at least two described species in Pseudoerinna.

Scaptia auriflua

The flower-feeding march fly, Scaptia auriflua, is a species of horse flies that occurs in Australia. Unlike other march flies this species does not bite and does not feed on blood, it strictly drinks nectar.

Scaptia lata

Scaptia lata, coliguacho or tabano negro is a large horse fly whose range includes southern Chile and southern Argentina. The fly has a striking reddish-orange coloration on the side of its thorax and abdomen. It is generally around 2 cm. in adult size.

Like most species of horse flies, the females of Scaptia lata need to feed on mammalian blood before they can produce eggs.

Silvius (fly)

Silvius is a genus of flies in the family Tabanidae. It contains the following species:

S. abdominalis Philip, 1954

S. algirus Meigen 1830

S. alpinus (Scopoli 1763)

S. appendiculatus Macquart 1846

S. ceras (Townsend, 1897)

S. gibsoni Philip, 1958

S. gigantulus Loew, 1872

S. inflaticornis Austen 1925

S. jeanae Pechuman, 1960

S. latifrons Olsufjev 1937

S. microcephalus Wehr, 1922

S. notatus (Bigot, 1892)

S. philipi Pechuman, 1938

S. pollinosus Williston, 1880

S. quadrivittatus (Bigot, 1823)

S. sayi Brennan, 1935

S. trifolium Osten Sacken, 1875

S. variegatus (Fabricius 1805)

Stonemyia

Stonemyia is a genus of flies in the family Tabanidae. It contains several species including:

S. californica (Bigot, 1892)

S. fera Williston, 1887

S. isabellina (Wiedemann, 1828)

S. rasa (Loew, 1869)

S. tranquilla (Osten Sacken, 1875)

S. velutina (Bigot, 1892)

†S. volutina (Bigot, 1892)

Tabaninae

Tabaninae is a subfamily of horse flies in the family Tabanidae. There are more than 3000 described species in Tabaninae.

Tabanini

Tabanini is a tribe of horse and deer flies in the family Tabanidae. There are at least 220 described species in Tabanini.

Tabanus nigrovittatus

Tabanus nigrovittatus, also known as the greenhead horse fly, salt marsh greenhead, or simply the greenhead fly, greenhead or greenfly, is a species of biting horse-fly commonly found around coastal marshes of the Eastern United States. The biting females are a considerable pest to both humans and animals while they seek a source of blood protein to produce additional eggs. Females live for three to four weeks and may lay about 100 to 200 eggs per blood meal.Affected coastal communities install black box traps in marsh areas to reduce and control T. nigrovittatus populations.

Tabanus sudeticus

Tabanus sudeticus also known as the dark giant horsefly is a species of biting horse-fly. It is the heaviest fly in Europe.

Thaumastocera

Thaumastocera is a genus of North American deer flies, insects in the family Tabanidae.

Extant Diptera families

Languages

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.