TV by the Numbers

TV by the Numbers is a website devoted to collecting and analyzing television ratings data in the United States. It is a part of Tribune Media Services's Screener television news/listings site (formerly known as Zap2it).

TV by the Numbers
TV by the Numbers
Available inEnglish
HeadquartersCalabasas, California,
Created by
  • Robert Seidman
  • Bill Gorman
LaunchedSeptember 2007[2]
Current statusActive


An Internet and statistical analyst, Robert Seidman had previously worked for IBM and Charles Schwab, and published an online newsletter about the Internet and AOL before founding TV by the Numbers; Bill Gorman had been an AOL executive until 1998, and had read Seidman's column.[3][4] Friends since the early 1990s when they met near Washington, D.C.,[2] both were fond of television, as Gorman loved numbers and Seidman enjoyed statistics relating to it; the subject of television ratings data entered into one of their conversations. Gorman was dismayed at being unable to find other blogs devoted solely to television data, and after a Google search confirmed this, he and Seidman thought of the idea for a website devoted solely to the subject.[3][4][5] In Gorman's words, while there were sites devoted to disseminating certain subjects, "there was no site that did the same thing for the television industry. That is, compile the numbers in a way, and analyze them in a way, that consumers would understand".[5] Gorman elaborated in a 2010 interview:

We try to focus on publicly available facts. We're not breaking any news. We're not interviewing people to try to get the last bit of juicy gossip. We focus on publicly available, either ratings or financial information, and what that likely means for your favorite show. Whether they're coming back or going away.[5]

On June 30, 2009, in response to pressure from Nielsen Media Research, TV by the Numbers made large changes to their archives. The main ratings archives no longer go past 2 weeks prior to the date a reader accesses them.[6]

On November 10, 2010, TV by the Numbers announced that they were partnering with TV news website Zap2it. As a result, the website's URL changed to a subdomain of the domain. In addition, Zap2it features such as TV listings began to appear on the site.[7]

In response to The New York Times' decision in 2011 to start charging for access to online content, Gorman wrote an article stressing his website will remain free.[8]

In January 2012, Gorman and Seidman expressed interest in hiring writers to do the day-to-day writing on their site.[9] On February 12, 2012, they announced that Sara Bibel and Amanda Kondolojy would be joining the website.[10]

On April 3, 2014, Zap2It owner Tribune Digital Ventures purchased the site in full.[11][12]


According to one source, much of the information Gorman and Seidman had access to was not readily available to the media, and thus their efforts to analyze the data led to many "savvy readers" becoming interested in the workings of the ratings process.[13]

TV by the Numbers has been cited by such media outlets as CNN,[14] the Associated Press,[15] National Public Radio,[16] and former sister publication the Chicago Tribune.[17]

Harry's Law

TV by the Numbers received criticism from several facets of the television industry for their ratings analyses. Harry's Law star Kathy Bates publicly bashed the website's ideas about ratings and their symbol "The Cancellation Bear", in an interview for Entertainment Weekly. She stated, "Some of these people are just so stupid. I don’t even get it.... All [they] talk about is the blessed [18–49] demo this, demo that, and how the Cancellation Bear is gonna eat us and all that stuff. So we’ll see. We'll just see."[18][19] Harry's Law executive producer Bill D'Elia agreed with Bates, stating in subsequent Twitter messages, "WTF is TV by the numbers? Who cares what they think? #harryslaw is most viewed scripted drama on NBC and will return.[19][20]...First, tv by the numbers doesn't know anything. They are misinformed at best, ignorant at worst. Second, Kathy is right."[21]

After Harry's Law was cancelled in May 2012 and the site issued a passive-aggressive response to the news,[22] D'Elia again turned to Twitter to express his feelings on the website, stating, "TVBTN Negativism fuels belief to not watch shows.He influences viewers to not watch something,self fulfilling his prophecy.Just awful"[23][24]


The Cancellation Bear was mentioned in the Suburgatory season 2 episode "Body Talk".[25] Suburgatory showrunner Emily Kapnek subsequently did an interview with TV by the Numbers, explaining: "we just thought it would be really funny to have [the show's] school TV station governed by the same panic and hysteria that everyone feels watching their shows live and die and get discussed online so we thought it was just a really fun shout out because we’re all on your site all the time."[26]


In May 2015, TV By the Numbers predicted that Galavant would be canceled after its first season. [27] After a surprise renewal, the second season began with an episode titled "A New Season aka Suck It Cancellation Bear" in mockery of the website.


TV by the Numbers has many features. Most focus on television ratings and the analysis of those ratings.

News categories

The site is well known for its coverage of Nielsen ratings. The following is a list of all of the types of ratings covered by the site:[2]

Broadcast Overnight
Daily preliminary rating reports for television series airing in prime time on the five major broadcast television networks – ABC, CBS, The CW, Fox, and NBC; ratings in this category are published the day after a program airs.
Broadcast Final
Identical to overnight reports, with the exception of additional processing and revising and are updated on weekdays; ratings for Monday through Thursday's broadcasts are released the following Friday, with ratings for Friday are released on Monday and Sunday's ratings on Tuesdays. Final ratings from Saturday are omitted from this category.
Cable Final
Rating reports for cable networks, updated on weekdays; the site receives a list of the top 100 cable shows for the night in the 25–54 age demographic from Nielsen. The site processes the information to list programs by viewers within the 18–49 demographic.
Cable News
Ratings lists for programs broadcast on major cable news networks; updated on weekdays
Broadcast DVR
Lists of programs that have increased their viewership the most after seven days of DVR usage has been indicated; reports in this category are published the second Monday after a show has aired.
Weekly Broadcast Network
The average ratings for each of the major broadcast networks from the previous week (Monday through Sunday), published on Tuesdays
Weekly Cable Network
The average ratings for the top cable networks from the previous week; published on Tuesdays
Top-25 Broadcast Shows
The top-25 television programs on broadcast television, in terms of both total viewers and the 18–49 age demographic; published on Tuesdays
Top-25 Cable Shows
The top-25 programs on cable television with identical terms as the above; published on Tuesdays
Top-25 Syndicated Shows
The top-25 syndicated programs for both cable and broadcast networks; reports in this category have a one-week lag and are published on Tuesdays
Season-to-Date Broadcast Network
Comparisons of season-to-date ratings for the top-five broadcast networks; published on Tuesdays
Late Night
Ratings for programs broadcast after 11:30 p.m.; published on Thursdays
Evening News
Ratings for news programs broadcast in the evening; published on Thursdays
Morning News
Ratings for daytime news programs; published on Thursdays
Soap Opera
Ratings for soap operas broadcast in the daytime; published on Fridays


TV by the Numbers publishes news stories about schedule changes & ratings in television. These mostly consist of press releases.[2]

Renew/Cancel Index

The Renew/Cancel Index is a mathematical formula developed and used by Gorman to predict whether scripted series on the Big 5 broadcast networks would be renewed or cancelled that season.

During the 20072008 broadcast season, Gorman experimented with different ways to predict the fates of television series. They were all unsuccessful, until close to the end of the season when he developed the Renew/Cancel Index.[28]

The Renew/Cancel Index differs from Gorman's previous attempts in that it compares a series's average ratings to the average ratings for their own network, as opposed to a basic numerical hierarchy or comparing ratings to an overall average from all the networks. Gorman formulates the numbers by dividing a series's season-to-date ratings average by the season-to-date average of all the scripted series on that network (in the latter half of the season, Gorman uses only numbers since that January for season-to-date numbers, as that seems to help renewal predictions). The resulting number (rounded to the nearest hundredth) shows how a series's average relates to the network's average (which always comes out to 1.00).[28]

Using these numbers, Gorman then creates a grading scale. There are five levels on the scale: Certain to be Renewed, Likely to be Renewed, Toss-Up, Likely to be Cancelled, and Certain to be Cancelled. Series above 1.00 are almost always certain to be renewed, while series directly below that are likely to be renewed. The distinction between likely to be renewed and toss-up is at 0.90. Although this number was 0.92 in the original incarnation,[28] it has since changed.[29] The toss-up range continues down to 0.75, when the likely to be cancelled level starts.[29] There is no clear-cut line between the likely to be cancelled and certain to be cancelled levels, but Gorman has said that discerning between likely/certain cancellations is usually just trivial, and thus unimportant. Friday series, being on a lesser-viewed night, are graded differently. The toss-up range is between 0.55 and 0.70, with the numbers above it being likely/certain renewals and the numbers below it being likely/certain cancellations.[29]

Gorman does not always follow the index numbers religiously. For example, series that are within a season of reaching the 88-episode mark (the usual requirement for stripped syndication) usually get a large boost. In Fall 2011, Gorman stated that no series that fell into this category would be ranked less than a toss-up.[29] In Fall 2013, he even made the point of putting most series in this category as Certain to be Renewed despite the fact that many of them had not aired yet.[30][31][32][33][34] On the other hand, he does not take internal issues (contract disputes, scheduling arguments, etc.) into account.

The Renew/Cancel index is updated with a new article every Tuesday, from the beginning of the broadcast season in late September to the dates of the network upfront presentations in mid-May.

Bubble Watch

Seidman created the Bubble Watch which, similarly to the Renew/Cancel Index, aims to predict based upon ratings data which television series will be canceled and which will be renewed.[3] It uses a scale for sorting series that is similar to the Renew/Cancel Index, with On the Bubble being identical to Gorman's Toss-Up. Series above the bubble are in the Renewal Predicted category, while series below the bubble are in the Cancellation Predicted category.

Unlike the Renew/Cancel Index, the Bubble Watch does not use a mathematical formula. Additionally, it takes the possibilites of future ratings into account, something that Gorman strictly does not do with his index. In the end, though, the predictions of the Bubble Watch and the Renew/Cancel Index are usually very similar.

In October 2012, Seidman decided to stop publishing the Bubble Watch and replaced it with a simple list of the renewed and the cancelled series. He did not disclose his reasons, but said that it might or might not be temporary.[35] Many readers were disappointed and expressed their disappointment to Seidman. Seidman recognized that and reinstated the Bubble Watch on November 4, 2012. He stated that readership levels were basically the same for the Bubble Watch and its temporary replacement, but he wanted to "give the vocal minority who really cares about the table format the table format they asked for."[36]

The Bubble Watch is updated with a new article every Sunday, during the same period as the Renew/Cancel Index. Seidman wrote every update from the Bubble Watch's inception until May 2013. He has taken a break for an unspecified period of time, and longtime reader and occasional contributor Tom Shaw took his place in September 2013.[37]

The Bubble Watch did not return for the 2014-15 season, however Tom Shaw has contributed to Renew/Cancel Index posts and there was a one-week edition of the Bubble Watch in December.

Former features

Scripted Cable Series Renew/Cancel Status

Readers of the Renew/Cancel Index and the Bubble Watch inquired many times to Seidman and Gorman about why they did not predict the renewal chances of cable series. In response, Gorman and Seidman explained that the cable networks were not limited to the strict structure of the broadcast networks. This results in them being much more erratic in renewals and cancellations, and thus too hard to predict accurately.[38][39] Seidman decided to make a compromise of sorts and made a simple list of the renewed and the cancelled cable series. Called the Scripted Cable Renew/Cancel Status, its first post was published on November 7, 2012.[40]

The Scripted Cable Renew/Cancel Status explicitly did not predict the fates of television series. It only stated their status. If a series had been cancelled or had been renewed for an upcoming season, it would have been stated in the list. If a series's future beyond the season that was currently airing (or, if the series was on hiatus, the season that had just been previously airing) had not been officially declared by the network, there would have been a blank spot in that series's row on the list.[40] The Scripted Cable Renew/Cancel Status did not include unscripted series, children's and teens' series, late night series on the Adult Swim network, and series airing on minor broadcast networks (such as PBS). These exclusions were necessary to keep the list short.[40]

The Scripted Cable Renew/Cancel Status was published every Saturday, a total of 12 times. On March 30, 2013, Seidman announced he would stop publishing the posts, citing low readership as the reason for the discontinuation.[41]

See also


  1. ^ "TV by the Numbers". Built In. United States: Built In, LLC. TriNet. Retrieved September 29, 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d "About". TV by the Numbers. Archived from the original on March 21, 2011. Retrieved March 27, 2011.
  3. ^ a b c Roe, Dale (2011-02-18). "Website has the odds on shows' survival". Austin American-Statesman. Retrieved 2011-03-27.
  4. ^ a b "TV by the Numbers". Social Science Research Council. Archived from the original on May 2, 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-27.
  5. ^ a b c Saulsbury, Sean (2010-10-01). "Bill Gorman:". Archived from the original on 2010-10-06. Retrieved 2011-03-27.
  6. ^ Seidman, Robert (June 30, 2009). "Site changes (inspired by Nielsen)". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved February 10, 2013.
  7. ^ Seidman, Robert (November 10, 2010). "TVbytheNumbers Partners with Zap2it". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved February 10, 2013.
  8. ^ Gorman, Bill (2011-03-17). "Unlike The New York Times, TV by the Numbers Will Not Be Putting Up A Pay Wall". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved 2011-03-27.
  9. ^ Seidman, Robert (January 9, 2012). "Help Wanted!". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved July 27, 2013.
  10. ^ Seidman, Robert (February 12, 2013). "Please Welcome Amanda & Sara!". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved July 27, 2013.
  11. ^ Seidman, Robert (April 3, 2014). "Thank You, Loyal Readers: Tribune Acquires TV By The Numbers". TV by the Numbers. Zap2it. Retrieved April 4, 2014.
  12. ^ Spangler, Tom (April 3, 2014). "Tribune Acquires TV by the Numbers, Relaunches Zap2it Entertainment Site". Variety. Retrieved April 4, 2014.
  13. ^ Hinman, Michael (October 2, 2010). "SciFriday: Don't Panic Over Ratings". Airlock Alpha. Retrieved March 27, 2011.
  14. ^ Respers France, Lisa (2010-11-08). "Will Conan O'Brien live up to the 'Conan' hype?". CNN. Archived from the original on 2011-01-29. Retrieved 2011-10-04.
  15. ^ Bauder, David (2011-10-04). "'Playboy Club' is TV season's first cancellation". Associated Press. Retrieved 2011-10-04.
  16. ^ Ulaby, Neda (2010-11-04). "Daylight Saving Time Seems To Affect TV Ratings". Morning Edition. National Public Radio. Retrieved 2011-10-04.
  17. ^ Johnson, Steve (2011-03-01). "'Code' on the ropes". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2011-10-04.
  18. ^ Bierly, Mandi (March 9, 2013). "Kathy Bates talks 'Harry's Law' return: 'I wish the naysayers would just shut the F up'". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved November 10, 2013.
  19. ^ a b Gorman, Bill (March 12, 2012). "'Harry's Law' Star & Producer Don't Like The Way The TV Business Works, Nor Do They Like Being Reminded Of It". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved February 10, 2013.
  20. ^ D'Elia, Bill (March 10, 2012). "Tweet". Twitter. Retrieved November 10, 2013.
  21. ^ D'Elia, Bill (March 11, 2012). "Tweet". Twitter. Retrieved November 10, 2013.
  22. ^ Gorman, Bill (May 11, 2012). "The Cancellation Bear Wishes Kathy Bates Well, As 'Harry's Law' Is Canceled". TV by the Numbers. Zap2it. Retrieved November 9, 2013.
  23. ^ D'Elia, Bill (May 13, 2012). "Tweet". Twitter. Retrieved November 9, 2013.
  24. ^ Gorman, Bill (May 14, 2012). "TV By The Numbers Is More Powerful Than You Can Possibly Imagine..." TV by the Numbers. Zap2it. Retrieved November 9, 2013.
  25. ^ Gorman, Bill (February 7, 2013). "'Suburgatory' Gives Our Cancellation Bear A Primetime Shout Out". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved February 10, 2013.
  26. ^ Bibel, Sara (January 17, 2014). "'Suburgatory' Showrunner Reveals The Story Behind The Show's Cancellation Bear Shout-Out". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved March 13, 2014.
  27. ^ Baron, Steve (May 3, 2015). "Bubble Watch: Down To The Nitty-Gritty Edition". TV By the Numbers. Retrieved December 20, 2015.
  28. ^ a b c Gorman, Bill (August 27, 2008). "The Renew/Cancel Index, Our Predictor Of Show Futures". TV by the Numbers. Zap2it. Retrieved July 16, 2013.
  29. ^ a b c d Gorman, Bill (September 11, 2011). "New & Improved! The Renew / Cancel Index Returns!". TV by the Numbers. Zap2it. Retrieved July 27, 2013.
  30. ^ Gorman, Bill (September 24, 2013). "ABC: 'Once Upon A Time' & 'Revenge' Are Certain To Be Renewed". TV by the Numbers. Zap2it. Retrieved September 26, 2013.
  31. ^ Gorman, Bill (September 24, 2013). "CBS: 'Person Of Interest' & '2 Broke Girls' Are Certain To Be Renewed". TV by the Numbers. Zap2it. Retrieved September 26, 2013.
  32. ^ Gorman, Bill (September 22, 2013). "CW: 'Hart Of Dixie' Is Certain To Be Renewed". Retrieved September 26, 2013.
  33. ^ Gorman, Bill (September 24, 2013). "Fox: 'New Girl' Is Certain To Be Renewed". TV by the Numbers. Zap2it. Retrieved September 26, 2013.
  34. ^ Gorman, Bill (September 24, 2013). "NBC: 'Grimm' Is Certain To Be Renewed". TV by the Numbers. Zap2it. Retrieved September 26, 2013.
  35. ^ Seidman, Robert (October 7, 2012). "Renew/Cancel: The Road So Far (Through October 7, 2012)". TV by the Numbers. Zap2it. Retrieved August 11, 2013.
  36. ^ Seidman, Robert (November 4, 2012). "Renew/Cancel Recap: Bubble Watch is Back and Can't Possibly Be Wrong About 'Fringe' This Season! (Or Can It?)". TV by the Numbers. Zap2it. Retrieved August 11, 2013.
  37. ^ Shaw, Tom (September 22, 2013). "Bubble Watch: Is 'The Mindy Project' Safe From Cancellation In The Short Term? + Bad 'Neighbors'". TV by the Numbers. Zap2it. Retrieved September 25, 2013.
  38. ^ Seidman, Robert (August 11, 2011). "Question: Why Isn't There a Renew/Cancel Index for Summer Cable Shows?". TV by the Numbers. Zap2it. Retrieved August 16, 2013.
  39. ^ Gorman, Bill (November 5, 2012). "Why Doesn't The Cancellation Bear Predict Cable Renewals & Cancellations?". TV by the Numbers. Zap2it. Retrieved August 16, 2013.
  40. ^ a b c Seidman, Robert (November 7, 2013). "Scripted Cable Show Renew/Cancel Status List". TV by the Numbers. Zap2it. Retrieved August 16, 2013.
  41. ^ Seidman, Robert (March 30, 2013). "The Scripted Cable Show Renew/Cancel Status List...Has Been Canceled". TV by the Numbers. Zap2it. Retrieved August 16, 2013.

External links

Blue Bloods (TV series)

Blue Bloods is an American police procedural fictional drama series that airs on CBS. The series is filmed on location in New York City with occasional references to nearby suburbs. The series debuted on September 24, 2010, with episodes airing on Fridays following CSI: NY before being moved to Wednesdays at 10:00 p.m. Eastern and Pacific time and 9:00 p.m. Central and Mountain time for a four-week tryout. After four weeks, it returned to its original Friday 10:00 p.m. Eastern time slot, where it has remained since. On April 18, 2018, CBS renewed the series for a ninth season, which premiered on September 28, 2018. On April 12, 2019, CBS renewed the series for a tenth season.

List of Arrow episodes

Arrow is an American television series, developed by Greg Berlanti, Marc Guggenheim and Andrew Kreisberg, based on the DC Comics character Green Arrow. The series premiered in the United States on October 10, 2012 for The CW television network. The first six seasons have been released on DVD to Regions 1, 2 and 4 and on Blu-ray to Regions A and B.

Arrow follows billionaire playboy Oliver Queen (Stephen Amell), who, after five years of being stranded on a hostile island, returns home to his mother, Moira Queen (Susanna Thompson) and sister, Thea Queen (Willa Holland) and becomes a bow and arrow-wielding vigilante. He is initially aided by his friends, John Diggle (David Ramsey) and Felicity Smoak (Emily Bett Rickards), and later aspiring vigilantes Roy Harper (Colton Haynes), Ray Palmer (Brandon Routh), Curtis Holt (Echo Kellum), Rene Ramirez (Rick Gonzalez), Evelyn Sharp (Madison McLaughlin), Rory Regan (Joe Dinicol), and Dinah Drake (Juliana Harkavy) join them. In addition, Queen's team receives help from the Lance family; Laurel (Katie Cassidy), Sara (Caity Lotz), and Quentin (Paul Blackthorne), sharing the goal of bringing justice to Starling City (later, Star City). The series also featured flashbacks in most episodes in the first five seasons to the time Queen was missing, and how his experiences there shaped him into the man who returned home to fight crime.

On April 2, 2018, the CW renewed the series for a seventh season, which premiered on October 15, 2018. On January 31, 2019, The CW renewed the series for an abbreviated ten-episode eighth season, which is set to be the final season of the series. As of April 22, 2019, 157 episodes of Arrow have aired.

List of Brooklyn Nine-Nine episodes

Brooklyn Nine-Nine is an American comedy series which premiered on September 17, 2013, on Fox. The series, created by Dan Goor and Michael Schur, follows a team of detectives and a newly appointed captain in the 99th Precinct of the New York City Police Department in Brooklyn.

On May 10, 2018, Fox canceled the series after five seasons. The following day, NBC picked up the series for a sixth season of 13 episodes. On September 7, NBC expanded its order to 18 episodes for the sixth season, which premiered on January 10, 2019. On February 27, 2019, NBC renewed the series for a seventh season. As of April 18, 2019, 125 episodes of Brooklyn Nine-Nine have aired.

List of Family Guy episodes

Family Guy is an American animated television sitcom created by Seth MacFarlane for the Fox Broadcasting Company. The series centers on the dysfunctional Griffin family, which consists of father Peter (MacFarlane), mother Lois (Alex Borstein), daughter Meg (Lacey Chabert in episodes 1–9, then Mila Kunis in "Da Boom" onwards), son Chris (Seth Green), baby Stewie (MacFarlane) and Brian (MacFarlane), the family dog. The show is set in the fictional town of Quahog, Rhode Island, and lampoons American culture, often in the form of cutaway gags, and tangential vignettes.

The concept of Family Guy was conceived by MacFarlane in 1995 while studying animation at the Rhode Island School of Design. He created two shorts entitled The Life of Larry and Larry & Steve, both of which played a key role in Fox executives' decision to pick up the series in 1998. After two seasons, Fox decided to cancel the show. Despite the cancellation, a third season was produced, after which the series was officially cancelled at the end of 2003. Reruns on Cartoon Network's block Adult Swim drove up interest, and a letter-writing campaign, along with impressive DVD sales, encouraged Fox to bring the show back permanently.Family Guy and its cast have been nominated for twenty-seven Primetime Emmy Awards, winning eight. MacFarlane won the Outstanding Voice-Over Performance award for his performance as Stewie, MacFarlane and Walter Murphy won the Outstanding Music and Lyrics award for the song "You Got a Lot to See" from the episode "Brian Wallows and Peter's Swallows", Steven Fonti won the Outstanding Individual Achievement in Animation award for his storyboard work in the episode "No Chris Left Behind", Greg Colton won the Outstanding Individual Achievement in Animation award for his storyboard work in the episode "Road to the Multiverse", Patrick S. Clark and Jim Fitzpatrick won the Outstanding Sound Mixing for a Comedy or Drama Series (Half-Hour) and Animation award for their sound mixing work on the episode "Road to the North Pole", and MacFarlane won the Outstanding Character Voice-Over Performance award for his performances on the episode "Pilling Them Softly". The show was nominated for twelve Annies, and won three times, twice in 2006 and once in 2008. In 2009, it was nominated for an Emmy for Outstanding Comedy Series, becoming the first animated program to be nominated in this category since The Flintstones in 1961.As of March 31, 2019, 326 episodes of Family Guy have aired. The series remains Fox's second-longest-running program, behind The Simpsons. On May 12, 2018, the series was renewed for a seventeenth season, which premiered on September 30, 2018.On February 12, 2019, the series was renewed for an eighteenth season.

List of Game of Thrones episodes

Game of Thrones is an American fantasy drama television series created by David Benioff and D. B. Weiss. The series is based on George R. R. Martin's series of fantasy novels, A Song of Ice and Fire. The series takes place on the fictional continents of Westeros and Essos, and chronicles the power struggles among noble families as they fight for control of the Iron Throne of the Seven Kingdoms. The series starts when House Stark, led by Lord Eddard "Ned" Stark (Sean Bean), is drawn into schemes surrounding King Robert Baratheon (Mark Addy).The series premiered on April 17, 2011, on HBO. David Benioff and D. B. Weiss both serve as executive producers, along with Carolyn Strauss, Frank Doelger, Bernadette Caulfield, and George R. R. Martin. Filming for the series has taken place in a number of locations, including Croatia, the Republic of Ireland, Northern Ireland, Iceland and Spain. Episodes are broadcast on Sunday at 9:00 pm Eastern Time, and the episodes are between 50 and 81 minutes in length. The first seven seasons are available on DVD and Blu-ray.

The series will conclude with its eighth season, which premiered on April 14, 2019 and will consist of six episodes. The show's episodes have won numerous awards including three Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Drama Series. As of April 21, 2019, 69 episodes of Game of Thrones have aired.

List of Gotham episodes

Gotham is an American crime-drama television series developed by Bruno Heller, based on characters appearing in and published by DC Comics in their Batman franchise, primarily those of James Gordon and Bruce Wayne. The series stars Ben McKenzie as the young Gordon, while Heller executive produces along with Danny Cannon, who also directed the pilot. As originally conceived, the series would have served as a straightforward story of Gordon's early days on the Gotham City Police Department.

On May 13, 2018, Fox renewed the series for a fifth and final season, which premiered on January 3, 2019 and will consist of 12 episodes. As of April 18, 2019, 99 episodes of Gotham have aired.

List of Grey's Anatomy episodes

Grey's Anatomy is an American medical drama television series that premiered on American Broadcasting Company (ABC) as a mid-season replacement on March 27, 2005. The series has aired for fourteen seasons, and focuses on the fictional lives of surgical interns and residents as they evolve into seasoned doctors while trying to maintain personal lives. The show's premise originated with Shonda Rhimes, who serves as an executive producer, along with Betsy Beers, Mark Gordon, Krista Vernoff, Rob Corn, Mark Wilding, and Allan Heinberg. The series was created to be racially diverse, utilizing a color-blind casting technique. It is primarily filmed in Los Angeles. The show's title is a play on Gray's Anatomy, the classic human anatomy textbook.

Episodes have been broadcast on Thursday nights since Grey's third season. The first two seasons aired after Desperate Housewives in the Sunday 10:00 pm EST time-slot. All episodes are approximately forty-three minutes, excluding commercials, and are broadcast in both high-definition and standard. Episodes are also available for download at the iTunes Store in standard and high definition, and Amazon Video, with new episodes appearing the day after their live airings. ABC Video on demand also releases episodes of the show, typically one to two days after their premieres. Recent episodes are available at ABC's official Grey's Anatomy website, and on Hulu. In 2010, ABC signed a deal allowing Grey's Anatomy episodes to be streamed on Netflix.Grey's Anatomy was among the ten highest-rated shows in the United States from the show's first through fourth season. The show's episodes have won a number of awards, including a Golden Globe Award for Best Drama Series, a People's Choice Award for Favorite TV Drama, and multiple NAACP Image Awards for Outstanding Drama Series. Since its premiere, Buena Vista Home Entertainment has distributed all seasons on DVD. There have been several special episodes recapping events from previous episodes, and two series of webisodes.

As of April 18, 2019, 339 episodes of Grey's Anatomy have aired, including five specials. On April 20, 2018, ABC officially renewed Grey's Anatomy for a fifteenth season, making it the longest running drama ever for the network.

List of Modern Family episodes

Modern Family is an American family mockumentary comedy series that airs on ABC. It was created by Christopher Lloyd and Steven Levitan. The show follows the family lives of Jay Pritchett (Ed O'Neill), his daughter Claire Dunphy (Julie Bowen), and his son Mitchell Pritchett (Jesse Tyler Ferguson), who all live in Los Angeles. Claire is married to Phil Dunphy (Ty Burrell). They have three children: Haley (Sarah Hyland), Alex (Ariel Winter) and Luke (Nolan Gould). Jay is married to a much younger Colombian woman, Gloria (Sofía Vergara), and is helping her raise her teenage son, Manny (Rico Rodriguez) along with their new baby Fulgencio "Joe" Pritchett (Jeremy Maguire). Mitchell and his husband Cameron Tucker (Eric Stonestreet) have an adopted Vietnamese child, Lily Tucker-Pritchett (Aubrey Anderson-Emmons). The series premiered on September 23, 2009.

The series was renewed for a tenth season in May 2017, which premiered on September 26, 2018. As of April 10, 2019, 230 episodes of Modern Family have aired. The series was renewed for an eleventh and final season on February 5, 2019.

List of NCIS episodes

NCIS and its characters were originally introduced in a two-part episode of the CBS television series JAG in April 2003. The show premiered on September 23, 2003, in the United States.Created by Donald P. Bellisario and Don McGill, and executive produced by Bellisario, Shane Brennan, Gary Glasberg, and George Schenck & Frank Cardea, NCIS stars Mark Harmon as Supervisory Special Agent Leroy Jethro Gibbs, in charge of NCIS' Major Case Response Team. Based out of Washington, D.C., the team includes special agents Caitlin Todd (Sasha Alexander), Anthony DiNozzo (Michael Weatherly), Timothy McGee (Sean Murray), Ziva David (Cote de Pablo), Eleanor Bishop (Emily Wickersham), Alexandra Quinn (Jennifer Esposito), and Nicholas Torres (Wilmer Valderrama), forensic specialists Abby Sciuto (Pauley Perrette) and Kasie Hines (Diona Reasonover), medical examiners Jimmy Palmer (Brian Dietzen) and Donald "Ducky" Mallard (David McCallum), medical examiners assistant Gerald Jackson (Pancho Demmings) and SIS attaché Clayton Reeves (Duane Henry). Operational psychologist Dr Jacqueline Sloane (Maria Bello) assists the team during troubled times, while successive Directors Tom Morrow (Alan Dale), Jennifer Shepard (Lauren Holly), and Leon Vance (Rocky Carroll) command from on-high.

On April 11, 2019, the series was renewed for a seventeenth season. As of April 16, 2019, 374 episodes of NCIS have aired.

List of Pretty Little Liars episodes

Pretty Little Liars is a TV series which premiered on ABC Family on June 8, 2010. Developed by I. Marlene King, the series is based on the Pretty Little Liars book series by Sara Shepard. The series follows the lives of four girls, Aria Montgomery, Hanna Marin, Emily Fields, and Spencer Hastings, whose clique falls apart after the disappearance of their leader, Alison DiLaurentis. One year later, the estranged friends are reunited as they begin receiving messages from a mysterious figure named "A" who threatens to expose their deepest secrets, including ones they thought only Alison knew.

After an initial order of 10 episodes, ABC Family ordered an additional 12 episodes for season one on June 28, 2010. The first season's "summer finale" aired on August 10, 2010, with the remaining 12 episodes began airing on January 3, 2011. On January 11, 2011, ABC Family picked up Pretty Little Liars for a second season of 24 episodes. It began airing on Tuesday, June 14, 2011. It was announced in June that a special Halloween-themed episode would air as part of ABC Family's 13 Nights of Halloween line-up. This increased the episode count from 24 to 25. On November 29, 2011, ABC Family renewed the series for a third season, consisting of 24 episodes. On October 4, 2012, ABC Family renewed the series for a fourth season, consisting of 24 episodes. On March 26, 2013, ABC Family renewed the series for a fifth season. On January 7, 2014, showrunner I. Marlene King wrote on Twitter that season 5 will have 25 episodes, including a holiday-themed episode. On June 10, 2014, it was announced that the show was renewed for an additional 2 seasons. Season 6 will air in mid-2015, and season 7 will air in mid-2016. It was announced by I. Marlene King that the sixth and the seventh season will consist of 20 episodes each. It was announced on August 29, 2016, that the show would be ending after the seventh season, and that the second half of the season would begin airing April 18, 2017.During the course of the series, 160 episodes of Pretty Little Liars aired over seven seasons.

List of South Park episodes

South Park is an American animated television sitcom created by Trey Parker and Matt Stone for Comedy Central that debuted on August 13, 1997. The series originated from a pair of animated shorts titled The Spirit of Christmas, and the first episode of South Park originally aired on August 13, 1997 on Comedy Central. Intended for mature audiences, the show has become infamous for its crude language and dark, surreal humor that lampoons a wide range of topics. The story revolves around four boys—Stan Marsh, Kyle Broflovski, Eric Cartman, and Kenny McCormick—and their bizarre adventures in and around the eponymous Colorado town.

Episodes of South Park have been nominated for a variety of different awards, including 3 Annie Awards (with one win), 2 Critics' Choice Television Award (with zero wins), 17 Emmy Awards (with five wins), 3 TCA Awards (with no wins), and received a Peabody Award. Several compilation DVDs have been released. In addition, the first twenty seasons have been released on DVD and Blu-ray.The show remains Comedy Central's highest rated program and second-longest-running, behind The Daily Show. A feature film, South Park: Bigger, Longer & Uncut, was released on June 30, 1999. Comedy Central has renewed South Park through 2019, which will bring the show to 23 seasons. Parker and Stone have expressed interest in continuing the series until Comedy Central cancels it. The twenty-second season, consisting of 10 episodes, premiered on September 26, 2018. As of December 12, 2018, 297 episodes of South Park have aired, concluding the twenty-second season.

List of Supergirl episodes

Supergirl is an American superhero action-adventure drama television series developed by Ali Adler, Greg Berlanti, and Andrew Kreisberg, based on the DC Comics character Supergirl, created by Otto Binder and Al Plastino, that originally aired on CBS and premiered on October 26, 2015. Supergirl is a costumed superheroine who is the biological cousin to Superman and one of the last surviving Kryptonians. The series was officially picked up on May 6, 2015, and received a full season order on November 30, 2015. The series moved from CBS to The CW from its second season onwards.On April 2, 2018, the series was renewed for a fourth season, which premiered on October 14, 2018. On January 31, 2019, The CW renewed the series for a fifth season. As of April 21, 2019, 83 episodes of Supergirl have aired.

List of Supernatural episodes

Supernatural is an American supernatural drama television series, created by Eric Kripke, that follows brothers Sam (Jared Padalecki) and Dean Winchester (Jensen Ackles) as they travel throughout the United States hunting supernatural creatures. The series borrows heavily from folklore and urban legends, and explores mythology and Christian theology, and their main adversaries throughout the series are demons.

The series premiered on September 13, 2005 on The WB. The first season was broadcast on The WB, and following The WB's merger with UPN in September 2006, Supernatural continued to be aired on the new network, The CW. The first thirteen seasons are available on DVD in Regions 1, 2, and 4 and are also available on Blu-ray.

The fourteenth season premiered on October 11, 2018, and will contain 20 episodes. The series has been renewed for a fifteenth and final season to consist of 20 episodes. As of April 18, 2019, 306 episodes of Supernatural have aired.

List of The Big Bang Theory episodes

The Big Bang Theory is an American comedy television series created and executively produced by Chuck Lorre and Bill Prady. Like the name of the series itself (with the exception of the first episode "Pilot"), episode titles of The Big Bang Theory always start with "The" and resemble the name of a scientific principle, theory or experiment, whimsically referencing a plot point or quirk in that episode.

In March 2017, CBS announced that the series was renewed for two more years, leading the show to a total of 12 seasons. There was also an unaired pilot which CBS did not broadcast. The twelfth season premiered on September 24, 2018, and will consist of 24 episodes; it will be the series' final season. As of April 18, 2019, 274 episodes of The Big Bang Theory have aired.

List of The Flash episodes

The Flash is an American action television series developed by Greg Berlanti, Andrew Kreisberg, and Geoff Johns, airing on The CW. It is based on the DC Comics character Barry Allen / Flash, a costumed crimefighter with the power to move at superhuman speeds. It is a spin-off from Arrow, existing in the same fictional universe. The series follows Barry Allen, portrayed by Grant Gustin, a crime scene investigator who gains superhuman speed, which he uses to fight criminals, including others who have also gained superhuman abilities.

On April 2, 2018, the series was renewed for a fifth season by the CW, which premiered on October 9, 2018. On January 31, 2019, The CW renewed the series for a sixth season. As of April 23, 2019, 111 episodes of The Flash have aired.

List of The Office (U.S. TV series) episodes

The Office is an American television sitcom broadcast on NBC. Created as an adaptation by Greg Daniels of the British series of the same name, it is a mockumentary that follows the day-to-day lives of the employees of the Scranton, Pennsylvania branch of Dunder Mifflin, a fictional paper supply company. The series ran on NBC in the United States from March 24, 2005 to May 16, 2013. Additionally, nine spin-off series of webisodes of The Office have been aired on

The Office aired a short first season in 2005 that consisted of six episodes. This was followed by a full-length second season in 2005–06 that consisted of 22 episodes, and a third season in 2006–07, with 25 episodes. Due to the 2007–2008 Writers Guild of America strike, the fourth season that aired in 2007–08 consisted of 19 episodes. The fifth season aired during 2008–09 and consisted of 28 episodes. The sixth season aired during 2009–10 and consisted of 26 episodes. The seventh season aired during 2010–11 and consisted of 26 episodes. The eighth season aired during 2011–12 and consisted of 24 episodes. The ninth season aired during 2012–13 and consisted of 25 episodes. A total of 201 episodes of The Office aired over nine seasons.

The first set of webisodes, titled The Accountants, consisted of ten episodes and ran between the second and third seasons. Kevin's Loan consisted of four episodes and ran between the fourth and fifth seasons. The Outburst aired in the middle of the fifth season and consisted of four episodes. Blackmail aired during the end of the fifth season and consisted of four episodes. Subtle Sexuality aired during the beginning of the sixth season and consisted of three episodes. The Mentor aired near the end of the sixth season and consisted of four episodes. The 3rd Floor aired during the beginning of the seventh season and consisted of three episodes. The Podcast aired near the middle of the seventh season (was previously available on the season 6 DVD) and consisted of three episodes. The latest webisode series, The Girl Next Door aired near the end of the seventh season and consisted of two episodes.

All nine seasons are available on DVD in regions 1, 2, and 4. Starting with season five, the series is available on Blu-ray. This list is ordered by the episodes' original air dates and not by the production code numbers provided by NBC's official episode guide, which show the order in which episodes were filmed.

List of The Simpsons episodes

The Simpsons is an American animated television sitcom created by Matt Groening for the Fox Broadcasting Company. It is a satirical depiction of a middle class American lifestyle epitomized by its eponymous family, which consists of Homer, Marge, Bart, Lisa, and Maggie. The show is set in the fictional town of Springfield, and lampoons American culture, society, and television, as well as many aspects of the human condition. The family was conceived by Groening shortly before a pitch for a series of animated shorts with producer James L. Brooks. Groening created a dysfunctional family and named the characters after members of his own family, substituting Bart for his own name. The shorts became a part of the Fox series The Tracey Ullman Show on April 19, 1987. After a three-season run, the sketch was developed into a half-hour prime-time show that was an early hit for Fox.Since its debut on December 17, 1989, The Simpsons has broadcast 659 episodes. The show holds several American television longevity records. It is the longest-running prime-time animated series and longest-running sitcom in the United States. In February 2012, The Simpsons reached its 500th episode in the twenty-third season. With its twenty-first season (2009–10), the series surpassed Gunsmoke in seasons to claim the spot as the longest-running American prime-time scripted television series, and later also surpassed Gunsmoke in episode count with the episode "Forgive and Regret" on April 29, 2018.Episodes of The Simpsons have won dozens of awards, including 31 Emmy Awards (with ten for Outstanding Animated Program), 30 Annie Awards, and a Peabody Award. The Simpsons Movie, a feature-length film, was released in theaters worldwide on July 26 and 27, 2007 and grossed US$526.2 million worldwide. The first eighteen seasons are available on DVD in regions 1, 2, and 4, with the twentieth season released on both DVD and Blu-ray in 2010 to celebrate the 20th anniversary of the series. On April 8, 2015, showrunner Al Jean announced that there would be no more DVD or Blu-ray releases, shifting focus to digital distribution, although this was later reversed on July 22, 2017.On November 4, 2016, The Simpsons was renewed for seasons 29 and 30. It reached its 600th episode on October 16, 2016, in its twenty-eighth season. The thirtieth season premiered on September 30, 2018. On February 6, 2019, The Simpsons was renewed for seasons 31 and 32, in which the latter will contain the 700th episode.

List of The Vampire Diaries episodes

The Vampire Diaries is an American supernatural-fantasy horror television series. The series is based on a book series of the same name by L.J. Smith, and was developed for television by Kevin Williamson and Julie Plec. The series ran from September 10, 2009 to March 10, 2017 on The CW. The first season was released on both DVD and Blu-ray formats in the United States and Canada on August 31, 2010.The Vampire Diaries follows the life of Elena Gilbert (Nina Dobrev) who lives in Mystic Falls, a fictional town heavily charged with supernatural history. She falls for a handsome century-old vampire named Stefan Salvatore (Paul Wesley). Their lives grow more and more complicated as Stefan's vicious older vampire brother Damon Salvatore (Ian Somerhalder) also returns to town with a vendetta against his brother and the city founders' descendants. However Damon quickly becomes their greatest ally in their fight against evil.

During the course of the series, 171 episodes of The Vampire Diaries aired over eight seasons.

List of The Walking Dead episodes

The Walking Dead is an American post-apocalyptic television series based on the comic book of the same name by Robert Kirkman, Tony Moore and Charlie Adlard, and developed for television by Frank Darabont. It premiered on the cable network AMC on October 31, 2010. The series focuses on Rick Grimes, a sheriff's deputy who slips into a coma after being shot. He awakens to find himself in a dangerous new world that has been overrun by "walkers". He joins a group of survivors (including his wife and son) as they try to survive in a world among the undead.As of March 31, 2019, 131 episodes of The Walking Dead have aired, concluding the ninth season. In February 2019, the series was renewed for a tenth season, which is scheduled to premiere in October 2019.

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