T. E. D. Klein

Theodore "Eibon" Donald Klein (born July 15, 1947) is an American horror writer and editor.

Klein has published very few works, but they have all achieved positive notice for their meticulous construction and subtle use of horror: critic S. T. Joshi writes, "In close to 25 years of writing Klein has only two books and a handful of scattered tales to his credit, and yet his achievement towers gigantically over that of his more prolific contemporaries."[1]


Klein was born and lives in New York City and attended Brown University, where he wrote his honors thesis on H. P. Lovecraft, edited The Brown Daily Herald, and graduated Phi Beta Kappa in 1969. In the 1970s, he studied film history at Columbia University, wrote short fiction and non-fiction, and worked as a movie script reader for Paramount Pictures.[2]

In 1975, Klein, with a few others, conceived the idea of a World Fantasy Convention.The first such convention was held in Providence, Rhode Island, in honour of the life and work of H.P. Lovecraft. Klein's story "The Events at Poroth Farm" was a nominee for Best Short Fiction at the convention. (The story is reprinted in Gahan Wilson, ed. First World Fantasy Awards. Doubleday, 1977, pp. 97–135, and in the Library of America's American Fantastic Tales: Terror and the Uncanny from Poe to Now, edited by Peter Straub.[3])

He was the editor of Twilight Zone magazine from its inception in 1981 until 1985,[2] and served as editor of the short-lived true crime magazine CrimeBeat from 1991 to 1993. He has also taught English at New York's John Jay College and been a longtime supporter of animal rights.

He added "Eibon" to his name – a reference to Clark Ashton Smith's Hyperborean wizard – so that when he used his initials in his byline, a la H. P. Lovecraft or M. R. James, they would spell out his nickname "Ted".

Klein has blamed his limited output of fiction on writer's block. He revealed in the book Faces of Fear (1985) that he had struggled with The Ceremonies for more than five years before finally finishing it, adding: "I'm one of those people who will do anything to avoid writing. Anything!" [2]

On November 3, 1995, Klein attended the graveside ceremony at Woodlawn Cemetery to mark the passing of writer Frank Belknap Long.[4]


He first attracted notice with the short story "The Events at Poroth Farm" (1972), in which a college lecturer, isolated in the countryside and reading horror literature for teaching in the next semester, gradually realises that genuine supernatural horror is taking place around him. The story is notable for the insidious way in which the narrator's responses to the works he is reading (including those of Charles Robert Maturin, Ann Radcliffe, Monk Lewis, Sheridan Le Fanu, Bram Stoker, Aleister Crowley, and Shirley Jackson) are conflated with his impressions of the supernatural threat.[5][6]

In 1984 Klein published the novel The Ceremonies, which uses the same basic plot as the novella to more expansive ends; the threat this time is not to one man or one community, but to the entire world. The Ceremonies takes up and elaborates upon some of the mysteries of Arthur Machen's story "The White People" and is called "a modern classic" in an essay by Thomas F. Monteleone in the book Horror: 100 Best Books. The Ceremonies is described by Stephen King as "Wonderful, exciting and suspenseful, full of tension and a sense of deep brooding mystery", "the most exciting novel in the field to come along since Straub's Ghost Story". A revised edition was published by PS Publishing in 2017.[7]

A second novel, Nighttown, was announced by Klein soon afterwards and described by him as "a paranoid horror novel set entirely in New York City",[2] but it has not appeared in all the years since.

In 1985 Klein published the collection Dark Gods, which includes four novellas:

  • "Children of the Kingdom" is set in part during the New York City blackout of 1977 and deals with hollow earth lore and hostile creatures hiding in the shadows of New York. The novella was first published in the anthology Dark Forces. It was described by critic Victor LaValle in the New York Times Book Review as "the greatest New York City horror story of all time."[8]
  • "Petey" is about a madman's monstrous "pet" which brings a well-to-do, middle-class housewarming to an unpleasant conclusion. Originally published in Charles L. Grant's Shadows 2 anthology.
  • "Black Man with a Horn" is a tale in the vein of Lovecraft which treats of an elderly horror writer (modeled on Frank Belknap Long) and his discoveries about the dreaded Tcho-Tcho people. First published in Ramsey Campbell's New Tales of the Chtulhu Mythos, the novella was revised in the 2014 anthology "A Mountain Walked", edited by S. T. Joshi.[9]
  • "Nadelman's God" is about a man who finds that an overwrought poem he wrote as an adolescent has been used as an incantation to bring a monstrous deity to life. (First published in Klein's collection.)

His previously unpublished short story "Growing Things" was collected in the 1999 anthology 999.

He has penned two critical essays on weird fiction: Dr Van Helsing's Handy Guide to Ghost Stories (1981), a series of articles for Twilight Zone magazine; and Raising Goosebumps for Fun and Profit (1988), originally written for Writer's Digest. As a critic, Klein was influential in encouraging the early career of Ramsey Campbell via an extensive review of his work up to the time of Demons by Daylight which was published in Nyctalops magazine.

Awards and recognition

The novella "Nadelman's God" won the 1986 World Fantasy Award for Best Novella.[10] In 2012, Klein received the World Horror Convention's Grand Master Award.[11]



  • The Ceremonies (1984)


  • Dark Gods (1985)
  • Reassuring Tales (2006)


  • Raising Goosebumps for Fun and Profit: A Brief Guide, for Beginners, to the How's and Why's of Horror (1988)


  1. ^ S.T. Joshi, The Modern Weird Tale, 2001, (p. 114)
  2. ^ a b c d Douglas E. Winter, "T. E. D. Klein" in: D. E. Winter, Faces of Fear. New York: Berkley, 1985. (pp.122–135). ISBN 0-425-07670-9
  3. ^ Library of America. "American Fantastic Tales: Terror and the Uncanny from Poe to Now (boxed set)". Retrieved March 18, 2018.
  4. ^ The New Lovecraft Collector 9 (Winter 1995), 3
  5. ^ Steven J. Mariconda, "The Hints and Portents of T. E. D. Klein", in Studies in Weird Fiction No. 1: 19–28. Summer 1986.
  6. ^ Robert M. Price, "T. E. D. Klein", in Darrell Schweitzer, ed. Discovering Modern Horror Fiction I. Mercer Island: Starmont, 1985. (pp. 68–85).
  7. ^ "The Ceremonies [Trade Paperback] by T.E.D. Klein". Retrieved March 19, 2018.
  8. ^ Victor LaValle (June 1, 2017). "What are your favorite summertime horror novels?". The New York Times. Retrieved March 18, 2018.
  9. ^ "Title: Black Man with a Horn". Internet Speculative Fiction Database. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
  10. ^ World Fantasy Convention. "Award Winners and Nominees". Retrieved February 4, 2011.
  11. ^ World Horror Convention. "Announcements". Retrieved March 18, 2018.

External links

August Derleth Award

The August Derleth Award is an annual literary award by the British Fantasy Society, named after the American writer and editor August Derleth. It was inaugurated in 1972 for the best novel of the year, was not awarded in 2011, and was continued in 2012 for the best horror novel of the year.

Black Man with a Horn

"Black Man with a Horn" is a horror novella by American writer T. E. D. Klein; part of the Cthulhu Mythos cycle, it originally published in New Tales of the Cthulhu Mythos. Critic S. T. Joshi notes that the story demonstrates a "deftness of style, a subtlety in the build-up of a horrific climax, and a deep understanding of the psychological effects of horror."

Crypt of Cthulhu

Crypt of Cthulhu is an American fanzine devoted to the writings of H. P. Lovecraft and the Cthulhu Mythos. It was published as part of the Esoteric Order of Dagon amateur press association for a short time, and was formally established in 1981 by Robert M. Price, who edited it throughout its subsequent run.

Described by its editor as "a bizarre miscegenation; half Lovecraft Studies rip-off, half humor magazine, a 'pulp thriller and theological journal,'" it was a great deal more than that. Lovecraft scholarship was always a mainstay, with articles contributed by Steve Behrends, Edward P. Berglund, Peter Cannon, Stefan Dziemianowicz, S. T. Joshi, Robert A. W. Lowndes, Dirk W. Mosig, Will Murray, Darrell Schweitzer, Colin Wilson and Price himself. However the magazine published stories and poems too: resurrected, newly discovered, or in a few cases newly written, by Lovecraft and other such Weird Tales veterans as R. H. Barlow, Robert Bloch, Hugh B. Cave, August Derleth, C. M. Eddy, Jr., Robert E. Howard, Carl Jacobi, Henry Kuttner, Frank Belknap Long, E. Hoffmann Price, Duane W. Rimel, Richard F. Searight, Clark Ashton Smith and Wilfred Blanch Talman. It also had stories and poems by newer writers paying tribute to the old, including Ramsey Campbell, Lin Carter, John Glasby, C. J. Henderson, T. E. D. Klein, Thomas Ligotti, Brian Lumley, Gary Myers and Richard L. Tierney. Several issues were devoted to showcasing one or another of such authors. Its contents were illustrated by such artists of the fantastic as Thomas Brown, Jason C. Eckhardt, Stephen E. Fabian, D. L. Hutchinson, Robert H. Knox, Allen Koszowski, Gavin O'Keefe and Gahan Wilson. Its reviews covered genre books, films and games.

The magazine's run initial run encompassed 107 issues over a span of 20 years. The first 75 issues (dated Hallowmas 1981 through Michaelmas 1990), were published by Price under his own Cryptic Publications imprint. The next 26 issues, (dated Hallowmas 1990 through Eastertide 1999 and numbered 76 through 101) were published by Necronomicon Press. The last 6 issues, (dated Lammas 1999 through Eastertide 2001 and numbered 102 through 107), were published by Mythos Books. The magazine was inactive after 2001; however, Necronomicon Press revived it in 2017 with issue 108 (dated Hallomas 2017).

Dagon and Other Macabre Tales

Dagon and Other Macabre Tales is a collection of stories by American author H. P. Lovecraft, which also includes his essay on weird fiction, "Supernatural Horror in Literature". It was originally published in 1965 by Arkham House in an edition of 3,471 copies. The true first edition, unlike some other first editions of Lovecraft collections issued by Arkham House in the mid-sixties, is bound with head- and tailbands.

The collection was revised in 1986 by S.T. Joshi replacing the introduction by August Derleth for one by Joshi and another by T. E. D. Klein. The bulk of the tales were also reordered chronologically, while some tales were moved to appendices. It was released in an edition of 4,023 copies, designated a 'corrected 5th printing'.

Dark Visions

Dark Visions is a horror fiction compilation, with three short stories by Stephen King, three by Dan Simmons and a novella by George R. R. Martin. It was published by Orion on August 10, 1989. The collection was first published, with the same seven stories, under the title Night Visions 5, by Dark Harvest on July 1, 1988. The book was also issued under the titles Dark Love and The Skin Trade.

Two of the stories by King, "Sneakers" and "Dedication", were later included in his 1993 anthology Nightmares & Dreamscapes.

All three stories by Simmons were later included in his 1990 collection Prayers to Broken Stones.

Martin's The Skin Trade was later included in Quartet: Four Tales from the Crossroads (2001) and Dreamsongs: A RRetrospective (2003).

Greer Gilman

Greer Ilene Gilman is an American author of fantasy stories.

Jack Sullivan (literary scholar)

Jack Sullivan (born November 26, 1946) is an American literary scholar, professor, essayist, author, editor, musicologist, concert annotator, and short story writer. He is one of the leading modern figures in the study of the horror genre, Alfred Hitchcock, and the impact of American culture on European music.

John Metcalfe (writer)

William John Metcalfe (6 October 1891 – 31 July 1965) was an English teacher, short story writer and novelist from Norfolk, who twice emigrated to the United States.

Kirby McCauley

Kirby McCauley (September 11, 1941 – August 30, 2014) was an American literary agent and editor based in New York City.

He attended the University of Minnesota and became a literary agent in the 1970s, soon building a successful agency and representing authors such as Stephen King, Roger Zelazny, and George R.R. Martin, who credits him with helping to launch his writing career.When King decided in the late 1970s and 1980s to publish some of his novels under the pen name Richard Bachman, McCauley provided him with a fake author picture that actually showed his own insurance agent, Richard Manuel.

In 1975, McCauley chaired the first World Fantasy Convention, an event he conceived with T. E. D. Klein and several others.

His works include the landmark 1980 horror anthology Dark Forces, and other anthologies such as Frights, Frights 2, and Night Chills.

He died of renal failure associated with long-term diabetes in August 2014.

List of horror fiction writers

This is a list of some (not all) notable writers in the horror fiction genre.

Note that some writers listed below have also written in other genres, especially fantasy and science fiction.

Michael Shea (author)

Michael Shea (July 3, 1946 – February 16, 2014) was an American fantasy, horror, and science fiction author. His novel Nifft the Lean won the World Fantasy Award, as did his novella Growlimb.

Ramsey Campbell

Ramsey Campbell (born 4 January 1946 in Liverpool) is an English horror fiction writer, editor and critic who has been writing for well over fifty years. He is the author of over 30 novels and hundreds of short stories, many of them widely considered classics in the field. Three of his novels have been filmed, all for non-English-speaking markets.

Since he first came to prominence in the mid-1960s, critics have cited Campbell as one of the leading writers in his field: T. E. D. Klein has written that "Campbell reigns supreme in the field today", and Robert Hadji has described him as "perhaps the finest living exponent of the British weird fiction tradition", while S. T. Joshi stated, "future generations will regard him as the leading horror writer of our generation, every bit the equal of Lovecraft or Blackwood."

Richard Bowes

Richard Bowes also known as Rick Bowes (born 1944) is an American author of science fiction and fantasy.

The Dunwich Horror

"The Dunwich Horror" is a horror short story by American writer H. P. Lovecraft. Written in 1928, it was first published in the April 1929 issue of Weird Tales (pp. 481–508). It takes place in Dunwich, a fictional town in Massachusetts. It is considered one of the core stories of the Cthulhu Mythos.

The King in Yellow

The King in Yellow is a book of short stories by American writer Robert W. Chambers, first published by F. Tennyson Neely in 1895. The book is named after a play with the same title which recurs as a motif through some of the stories. The first half of the book features highly esteemed weird stories, and the book has been described by critics such as E. F. Bleiler, S. T. Joshi and T. E. D. Klein as a classic in the field of the supernatural. There are ten stories, the first four of which ("The Repairer of Reputations", "The Mask", "In the Court of the Dragon", and "The Yellow Sign") mention The King in Yellow, a forbidden play which induces despair or madness in those who read it. "The Yellow Sign" inspired a film of the same name released in 2001.

The British first edition was published by Chatto & Windus in 1895 (316 pages).

The Penguin Encyclopedia of Horror and the Supernatural

The Penguin Encyclopedia of Horror and the Supernatural is a reference work on horror fiction in the arts, edited by Jack Sullivan. The book was published in 1986 by Viking Press.

Editor Sullivan’s stated purpose in compiling the volume, as noted in his foreword to the book, was to serve as a “bringing together in one volume of the genre’s many practitioners and their contributions to the arts.” In addition to literature and the art of storytelling, the book includes many entries on film, music, illustration, architecture, radio, and television. The book contains over fifty major essays and six hundred shorter entries covering authors, composers, film directors, and actors, among other categories.

The book provides about 650 entries written by 65 contributors including Ramsey Campbell, Gary William Crawford, John Crowley, Thomas M. Disch, Ron Goulart, S. T. Joshi, T. E. D. Klein, Kim Newman, Darrell Schweitzer, Whitley Strieber, Timothy Sullivan, Colin Wilson, and Douglas E. Winter. Jacques Barzun provided the lengthy introduction, "The Art and Appeal of the Ghostly and Ghastly".

In order to provide as broad as possible a study of fear, terror, and horror throughout the centuries, the book features numerous entries on "mainstream" artists who Sullivan notes "have dabbled in or plunged into horror", such as Charles Baudelaire, Thomas Hardy, Henry James, Franz Kafka, Edith Wharton, Sergei Prokofiev, Charles Dickens, Heinrich von Kleist, Herman Melville, Joyce Carol Oates, Franz Liszt, Arnold Schönberg, William Butler Yeats, and Isaac Bashevis Singer, among others.

Hundreds of genre author entries are provided, including "William Beckford" by E. F. Bleiler, "Ambrose Bierce" and "Algernon Blackwood" by Jack Sullivan, "Ramsey Campbell" by Robert Hadji, "Robert W. Chambers" by T. E. D. Klein, "James Herbert" by Ramsey Campbell, "Shirley Jackson" by Sullivan, "Stephen King" by Don Herron, "Arthur Machen" by Klein, "Ann Radcliffe" by Devendra P. Varma, and "Peter Straub" by Patricia Skarda.

Theme essays include "Arkham House" by T. E. D. Klein, "The Continental Tradition" by Helen Searing, "English Romantic Poets" by John Calhoun, "Golden Age of the Ghost Story" by Jack Sullivan, "Illustration" by Robert Weinberg, "Opera" by Arthur Paxton, "The Pits of Terror" by Ramsey Campbell, "The Pulps" by Ron Goulart, "Shakespeare's Ghosts" by John Crowley, "Urban and Pastoral Horror" by Douglas E. Winter, and "Zombies" by Hugh Lamb.

Film and television related entries include "The Abominable Dr. Phibes", "Tod Browning", "Brian De Palma", "Eraserhead", "Inferno", "Boris Karloff", "Night of the Living Dead", "Roman Polanski", "Suspiria", "Salò, or the 120 Days of Sodom", and "The Wolf Man".

The book was reprinted in 1989 by Random House.

Twilight Zone literature

Twilight Zone literature is an umbrella term for the many books and comic books which concern or adapt The Twilight Zone television series.

Weird fiction

Weird fiction is a subgenre of speculative fiction originating in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. John Clute defines weird fiction as a "Term used loosely to describe Fantasy, Supernatural Fiction and Horror tales embodying transgressive material". China Miéville defines weird fiction thus: "Weird Fiction is usually, roughly, conceived of as a rather breathless and generically slippery macabre fiction, a dark fantastic (“horror” plus “fantasy”) often featuring nontraditional alien monsters (thus plus “science fiction”)." Discussing the "Old Weird Fiction" published in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Jeffrey Andrew Weinstock says, "Old Weird fiction utilises elements of horror, science fiction and fantasy to showcase the impotence and insignificance of human beings within a much larger universe populated by often malign powers and forces that greatly exceed the human capacities to understand or control them." Weird fiction either eschews or radically reinterprets ghosts, vampires, werewolves, and other traditional antagonists of supernatural horror fiction. Weird fiction is sometimes symbolised by the tentacle, a limb-type absent from most of the monsters of European folklore and gothic fiction, but often attached to the monstrous creatures created by weird fiction writers such as William Hope Hodgson, M. R. James, and H. P. Lovecraft. Weird fiction often attempts to inspire awe as well as fear in response to its fictional creations, causing

commentators like Miéville to say that weird fiction evokes a sense of the numinous. Although "weird fiction" has been chiefly used as a historical description for works through the 1930s, the term has also been increasingly used since the 1980s, sometimes to describe slipstream fiction that blends horror, fantasy, and science fiction.

World Fantasy Convention

The World Fantasy Convention is an annual convention of professionals, collectors, and others interested in the field of fantasy. The World Fantasy Awards are presented at the event. Other features include an art show, a dealer's room, and an autograph reception.The convention was conceived and begun by T. E. D. Klein, Kirby McCauley and several others.

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