Télam is the Argentine national news agency founded in 1945. It provides news and information to about 300 subscribers, including government entities and national and international media. It operates as a state enterprise.
|Owner(s)||Government of Argentina|
|Founder(s)||Juan D. Perón|
|President||Santiago Álvarez |
|General manager||Esteban Carella |
Télam was established as Telenoticiosa Americana (American Telenews) on April 14, 1945, by an initiative of then Vice President Juan Domingo Perón, with the purpose to compete with US agencies such as United Press International and Associated Press. At its inception it started as a Public-private partnership, in a joint venture between government and private capital. Its first director was Gerónimo Jutronich, who was tasked with forming a team of journalists, some of which came from ANDI, another state agency created in 1944.
The new agency started disseminating information on October 12, 1945, but not until 1948 was able to form a national-coverage network, after signing the first contracts with journalists from the country's interior. These acted as correspondents for the headquarters in Buenos Aires by telegram or telephone. The normal growth process of the company was interrupted by the military coup overthrowing Perón in 1955.
Télam's financial situation was not strong enough to allow it to function without subsidies. The new authorities did not at first provide funding, and wages were in arrears for a few months.
The company started to stabilize on July 30, 1959, when Bernabé Villegas, Adolfo Garino and Blas Calaro, among others, reorganized the company as Télam Sociedad Anónima, Periodística, Radiofónica, Cinematográfica, Comercial, Inmobiliaria y Financiera changing the legal constitution from a Limited liability company to an incorporated company (S.A.). A presidential decree signed by Arturo Frondizi authorized the new private company to work under the new legal framework.
During the 1960s, Télam increased its clientele to include the four TV networks in Buenos Aires as well as major city newspapers such as Clarín. News started to be transmitted by telex, which allowed them to reach more cities around the country in less time.
The government of José María Guido, appointed and controlled by the military after the March 29, 1962, coup against Frondizi, closed the agency on May 30, 1963, alleging they "are transmitting false information that by its nature and reach, subverts the public order and the public calm, when the government is firm in its purpose of eliminating any factor capable of disrupting the electoral process by applying the powers it has during a state of unrest".
Télam became a fully government owned company under the de facto government of General Juan Carlos Onganía, on June 24, 1968, after the state bought its outstanding shares through the Secretaría de Difusión y Turismo (Ministry of Tourism and Information). At the same time, a new legal framework decreed that all advertisement by state entities and companies be handled through the agency. This decision allowed the company to generate a considerable amount of new internal resources.
The agency did not come out unscathed from the dictatorship in power between 1976 and 1983; besides the censorship to which it was subjected under the dictatorship, during the subsequent, democratically elected government of Raúl Alfonsín, the disappearance of an important part of Télam's journalistic and photographic archives came to light. The leading local private news agencies, Noticias Argentinas and Diarios y Noticias, publicly asked for the closing of Télam in 1984, and in 1992, President Carlos Menem ordered the company be put into receivership, to be liquidated in two years. He rescinded the order in 1996 and replaced it with a new decree advanced by the Economy Minister, Domingo Cavallo, which left Télam without one of its main sources of income by dismantling the official government advertisement monopoly.
Télam continued nonetheless to function as an advertising agency, though it was Menem's government intention to remove that function completely. His successor, President Fernando de la Rúa, again announced the closure of the advertisement area and the sale of the agency's headquarters, in 2000, but this was never implemented. The state's news media outlets were merged in 2001, and the agency joined public television (Canal 7) and public radio (LRA Radio Nacional) within the Servicio Nacional de Medios Públicos (National Service of Public Media). The change was rescinded in 2002, however, and Télam regained its autonomy.
At the present time, the company is a government-owned entity under the control of the Secretaría de Comunicación Pública (Communications Ministry), which appoints its board of directors. Its budget is part of the federal State Budget, although the agency also generates its own income through it advertising business. There were about 450 personnel at Télam in 2005, with about half assigned to the news department. The news agency also publishes editions in English and Mandarin Chinese.
The agency organized the third News Agencies World Congress (NAWC) in 2010.
The 2016–17 Argentine Primera División - Torneo de la Independencia was the 127th season of top-flight professional football in Argentina. The tournament was named in commemoration of the 200th anniversary of the Independence of Argentina.
The season began on August 26, 2016 and ended on June 27, 2017. Thirty teams competed in the league, twenty-nine returning from the 2016 season, and the addition of Talleres de Córdoba as the Primera B Nacional champion. Argentinos Juniors did not take part having been relegated the previous season.
Boca Juniors were crowned champions of Argentina for a 32nd time after rivals Banfield were beaten by San Lorenzo on June 20, 2017. As a result, Boca Juniors qualified for the 2018 Copa Libertadores and the 2017 Supercopa Argentina.Agenzia Fides
Agenzia Fides is the news agency of the Vatican. It is based in the Palazzo de Propaganda Fide in Vatican City. It is part of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples. It was formed on June 5, 1927, as the first missionary news agency of the Roman Catholic Church and was approved by Pope Pius XI.Cambiemos
Cambiemos (Spanish pronunciation: [kamˈbjemos]; Spanish for "Let’s change") is an Argentine center-right big tent political coalition created in 2015. It is composed of the Republican Proposal (PRO), the Radical Civic Union (UCR), and the Civic Coalition (CC-ARI). These three parties respectively nominated Mauricio Macri, Ernesto Sanz, and Elisa Carrió as their representatives in the August 2015 primary elections, which were held to choose which candidate would run in the 2015 presidential election on 25 October. On 9 August 2015 Mauricio Macri was elected as the candidate who would represent Cambiemos in the presidential election; on 22 November he won the presidential election.Carne (1968 film)
Carne (English: Meat) is a 1968 Argentine sexploitation film written and directed by Armando Bó. It stars Isabel Sarli as Delicia, a worker in a meat-packing factory where she becomes the victim of rapists.Defensores de Belgrano
Club Atlético Defensores de Belgrano (usually known as "Defensores de Belgrano") is an Argentine sports club from Belgrano, Buenos Aires. The football team currently plays in Primera B, the regionalised second division of the Argentine football league system.
Defensores has never played in the top flight of Argentine football since the professional era begun, although it spent a number of seasons in Primera during the Amateur era before 1931.Facundo Cambeses
Facundo Nicolás Cambeses (born 9 April 1997) is an Argentine professional footballer who plays as a goalkeeper for Banfield.General Rodríguez
General Rodríguez is a city within the urban agglomeration of Greater Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. It is the administrative centre for General Rodríguez Partido. The triple crime took place in 2008. In 2013 AGCO opened a factory in General Rodríguez to build Massey Ferguson and Valtra tractors.Gianfranco Ferrero
Gianfranco Ferrero (born 6 June 1995) is an Argentine professional footballer who plays as a midfielder for Primera B Nacional side Atlético de Rafaela.Ignacio Méndez
Juan Ignacio Méndez (born 28 April 1997) is an Argentine professional footballer who plays as a midfielder for Talleres.Liniers
Liniers is a barrio (neighborhood) of Buenos Aires on the edge of the city, centered on Rivadavia Avenue. It is also an important train station and bus hub, connecting western Gran Buenos Aires with the Buenos Aires Metro.
The neighborhood developed around the Liniers railway station following its inaugural in 1872.The neighborhood is home to football club Club Atlético Vélez Sársfield, whose stadium, the Estadio José Amalfitani, has been established there in 1951. Liners is also the site of the Church of San Cayetano, consecrated in 1900 and elevated to a parish in 1913. The Church of San Cayetano hosts thousands of faithful who gather each feast day (August 7) to pray for employment or to give thanks for their livelihood.
The ward is named after Santiago de Liniers, a colonial administrator who resisted the British Invasions of the Río de la Plata.List of Argentine films of 2019
A list of Argentine films released in 2019.Luis Miguel Rodríguez (footballer)
Luis Miguel Rodríguez, nicknamed Pulguita (flea) and Captain Fugazza, (born January 1, 1985 in San Miguel de Tucumán) is an Argentine football Forward currently playing for Atlético Tucumán of the Primera Division in Argentina.Matilde Menéndez
Matilde Svatetz de Menéndez (born 1944) is an Argentine psychiatrist who acted as intervener of the National Territory of Tierra del Fuego, the Antarctic and the South Atlantic Islands from 17 January 1991 to 10 January 1992, and as Chairman of the Board of the Comprehensive Medical Attention Program (PAMI) from 3 February 1992 to 15 April 1994. Her figure was linked to cases of corruption related to her term at PAMI, with all charges being dismissed in court.Mirgor
Mirgor is an Argentine manufacturing firm. A maker of auto air conditioning units, the firm has diversified into the production of household appliances and cell phones, which are now its main source of revenue.Moniz Bandeira
Luiz Alberto de Vianna Moniz Bandeira (30 December 1935, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil – 10 November 2017) was a Brazilian writer, professor, political scientist, historian and poet.Nicolás Sánchez (footballer, born 1986)
Nicolás Gabriel Sánchez (born 4 February 1986) is an Argentine footballer who plays as a centre back for Monterrey in Liga MX.Roca Line
The Roca line is a 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) gauge commuter rail service in the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina, part of General Roca Railway network. The service is currently operated by State-owned company Trenes Argentinos, from the city-centre terminus of Constitución south to Alejandro Korn, Cañuelas-Ezeiza, and La Plata, and west to Sarmiento Line's station Haedo. The transfer stations between the branch lines are Darío Santillán y Maximiliano Kosteki, Bosques, Berazategui and Temperley.
The line consists of 198 kilometres of track (55 of which are electrified), 70 stations, 146 grade crossings, 907 daily services through its different branches, and carries half a million passengers daily, making it the longest and most used line of the Buenos Aires commuter rail network. Currently there are large electrification and infrastructure improvement works being undertaken on the line, with brand new electric multiple units entering service on 8 June 2015.Rosana Bertone
Rosana Andrea Bertone (born May 9, 1972, San Salvador, Entre Ríos) is an Argentine politician and the current Governor of Tierra del Fuego Province, having entered office the 10th December 2015.Sebastián Olivarez
Leandro Sebastián Olivarez (born 15 May 1992) is an Argentine professional footballer who plays as a defender for Ferro Carril Oeste, on loan from Godoy Cruz.