Syringogaster

Syringogaster is a genus of small (4 to 6 mm) ant-mimicking flies with a petiolate abdomen, a long prothorax, a swollen and spiny hind femur, and reduced head size and large eyes. There are 20 described extant species and two species known from Miocene amber from the Dominican Republic. It is the only genus in the family Syringogastridae.[1]

Syringogaster
Scientific classification
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Syringogastridae

Prado, 1969
Genus:
Syringogaster

Cresson, 1912
Species

See text

Distribution

The genus Syringogaster are found in tropical areas of the Neotropical region, with exception of the Antilles. Syringogastridae inhabit tropical forests.[1]

Biology

Very little is known about the biology of Syringogastridae, and no larvae are known.[1]

Classification

The descriptor Ezra Townsend Cresson placed his new genus in the family Psilidae [2] then in 1969 Angelo Pires do Prado erected a new family (Syringogastridae) to contain the genus.[3]

Species

  • S. amazonensis Prado, 1969
  • S. apiculata Marshall & Buck, 2009
  • S. atricalyx Marshall & Buck, 2009
  • S. brachypecta Marshall & Buck, 2009
  • S. brunnea Cresson, 1912:
  • S. brunneina Marshall & Buck, 2009
  • S. carioca Prado, 1969
  • S. craigi Grimaldi, 2009 (Fossil species)
  • S. cressoni Prado, 1969
  • S. dactylopleura Marshall & Buck, 2009
  • S. figurata Marshall & Buck, 2009
  • S. lanei Prado, 1969
  • S. lopesi Prado, 1969
  • S. miocenecus Grimaldi, 2009 (Fossil species)
  • S. nigrithorax Marshall & Buck, 2009
  • S. palenque Marshall & Buck, 2009
  • S. papaveroi Prado, 1969
  • S. plesioterga Marshall & Buck, 2009
  • S. rufa Cresson, 1912
  • S. sharkeyi Marshall & Buck, 2009
  • S. subnearctica Feijen,1989
  • S. tenuipes Marshall & Buck, 2009

References

  1. ^ a b c S.A. Marshall, M. Buck, J.H. Skevington & D. Grimaldi (2007). "A revision of the family Syringogastridae (Diptera: Diopsoidea)" (PDF). Zootaxa. Auckland, New Zealand: Magnolia Press. 1996: 1–80.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  2. ^ Cresson, E. T. Jr. 1912. Descriptions of several new neotropical acalyptrate Diptera. Entomol. News. 23:389-396..
  3. ^ Prado, A. P. do. 1969. Syringogastridae, uma nova familia de dipteros Acalyptratae, com a descricao de seis especies novas do genero Syringogaster Cresson. Studia Ent. (n.s.) 12:1-32.

External links

Ant mimicry

Ant mimicry or myrmecomorphy is mimicry of ants by other organisms. Ants are abundant all over the world, and potential predators that rely on vision to identify their prey, such as birds and wasps, normally avoid them, because they are either unpalatable or aggressive. Spiders are the most common ant mimics. Additionally, some arthropods mimic ants to escape predation (protective mimicry), while others mimic ants anatomically and behaviourally to hunt ants in aggressive mimicry.

In Wasmannian mimicry, mimic and model live commensally together; in the case of ants, the model is an inquiline in the ants' nest. Wasmannian mimics may also be Batesian or aggressive mimics. To overcome ants' powerful defences, mimics may imitate ants chemically with ant-like pheromones, visually (as in Batesian mimicry), or by imitating an ant's surface microstructure for tactile mimicry.

Biology of Diptera

Diptera is an order of winged insects commonly known as flies. Diptera, which are one of the most successful groups of organisms on Earth, are very diverse biologically. None are truly marine but they occupy virtually every terrestrial niche. Many have co-evolved in association with plants and animals. The Diptera are a very significant group in the decomposition and degeneration of plant and animal matter, are instrumental in the breakdown and release of nutrients back into the soil, and whose larvae supplement the diet of higher agrarian organisms. They are also an important component in food chains.

The applied significance of the Diptera is as disease vectors, as agricultural pests, as pollinators and as biological control agents.

List of Greek and Latin roots in English/P–Z

The following is an alphabetical list of Greek and Latin roots, stems, and prefixes commonly used in the English language from P to Z. See also the lists from A to G and from H to O.

Some of those used in medicine and medical technology are not listed here but instead in the entry for List of medical roots, suffixes and prefixes.

Lopesi

Lopesi may refer to:

the former name of Katarraktis, a mountain village in Achaea, Greece

Lopesi Faagu (born 1960), weightlifter from American SamoaIn biology:

Adejeania lopesi, a species of tachinid fly found in Brazil

Austrodiscus lopesi, a fossil species of air-breathing land snail in the family Charopidae, found in Brazil

Cnemidochroma lopesi, a species of beetle in the family Cerambycidae, found in Brazil

Corethrella lopesi, a species of midge in the genus Corethrella in the family Corethrellidae

Culex lopesi, a species of mosquito; see List of Culex species

Grajahua lopesi, a species of robber fly in the family Asilidae; see List of Asilidae species: G

Hapljapyx lopesi, a species of dipluran in the genus Hapljapyx in the family Japygidae

Heniartes lopesi, a species of assassin bug in the genus Heniartes in the family Reduviidae

Hexatoma lopesis, a species of crane fly in the genus Hexatoma in the family Limoniidae

Hypsolebias lopesi, a species of rivuline (killifish) in the genus Hypsolebias

Ischnochiton lopesi, a species of polyplacophoran mollusc in the family Ischnochitonidae; see List of marine molluscs of Brazil

Leptopteromyia lopesi, a species of robber fly in the genus Leptopteromyia in the family Asilidae; see List of Asilidae species: L

Megalobulimus lopesi, a species of air-breathing land snail in the family Strophocheilidae, endemic to Brazil

Moenkhausia lopesi, a species of tetra (fish) in the genus Moenkhausia

Pegoscapus lopesi, a species of fig wasp in the genus Pegoscapus

Philornis lopesi, a species of fly in the genus Philornis

Pritchardia lopesi, a species of robber fly in the genus Pritchardia in the family Asitidae; see List of Asilidae species: P

Succinea lopesi, a species of air-breathing land snail in the family Succineidae; see List of non-marine molluscs of Brazil

Syringogaster lopesi, a species of ant-mimicking fly in the genus Syringogaster

Extant Diptera families

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