Sydney Edward Gregory (14 April 1870 — 1 August 1929), sometimes known as Edward Sydney Gregory, was a cricketer who played for New South Wales and Australia. At the time of his retirement, he had played a world-record 58 Test matches during a career spanning 1890 to 1912. A right-handed batsman, he was also a renowned fielder, particularly at cover point.
Syd Gregory in 1896
|Full name||Sydney Edward Gregory|
|Born||14 April 1870|
Randwick, New South Wales, Australia
|Died||1 August 1929 (aged 59)|
Randwick, New South Wales, Australia
|Height||1.64 m (5 ft 5 in)|
|Test debut (cap 58)||21 July 1890 v England|
|Last Test||19 August 1912 v England|
|Domestic team information|
|1889–1912||New South Wales|
Source: , 8 May 2012
Gregory was born at Moore Park, New South Wales, not far from the present site of the Sydney Cricket Ground, attending Sydney Boys High School. The Gregorys were Australia's first cricketing dynasty. Syd's father Ned Gregory was one of the eleven Australians selected to play in a match against England at the MCG in 1877 – a match later designated as the first-ever Test. Ned Gregory served as curator at the SCG, occupying this position at the time of the birth of Syd. Syd Gregory's uncle Dave was Australia's first Test cricket captain, and his nephew Jack was the nation's most feared fast bowler of the 1920s.
Syd Gregory made his first-class debut for New South Wales in the season of 1889–90. Six months later, he was selected to tour England with the Australian team. Altogether, Gregory toured England a further seven times – in 1893, 1896, 1899, 1902, 1905, 1909 and finally in 1912 – and South Africa once (1902). He is one of only three cricketers to have batted in every position of the batting order, from one to eleven, in his Test career.
Syd Gregory scored Australia's first double hundred in a Test in Australia in 1894–95 but his 201 was not enough to save his team from a remarkable defeat. They made England follow on after amassing 586 but the visitors then made 437 and bowled Australia out for 166 to pull off an astonishing victory by 10 runs. It was the first time a Test had been won after following on and remained the only occurrence until the famous Headingley Test in 1981.
In 1912, six of Australia's leading cricketers – including captain Clem Hill – refused to tour England for the inaugural Triangular Test series. A largely untried team, led by Gregory, was selected in its place. Although Australia lost only one of its six Tests, the cricket was overshadowed by the Australian team's poor behaviour. Gregory was heavily criticised for his inability to control the off-field antics of members of his team.
Away from cricket, Gregory was initially employed by the postal service before opening a "men's shop" – containing a tobacconist, barber and sporting store among others – with two business partners in Sydney's King Street in the mid-1890s. In 1896, he married a woman named Maria Sullivan. When his business failed in 1902, Gregory was forced to take a clerical job at the Water Board.
Syd Gregory died on 1 August 1929 at Randwick, an eastern suburb of Sydney. He was 59.
In 1948 the New Zealander Dan Reese made this assessment of Gregory as a cover-point:
From Vernon Royle to Hobbs, England has had many fine cover-points, but none to equal Australia's Syd. Gregory. A delightful story that Vernon Ransford told us on one of his visits to New Zealand gives the best flash-light picture one could get of the quickness of movement and unerring aim of little Syd. It was in a match at Lord's when a well-known English amateur hit a ball firmly between mid-off and cover-point, and in his cultured voice called, "Come one — perhaps two," but he was thrown out before even one run had been scored!
| Australian Test cricket captains
The 1894–95 Sheffield Shield season was the third season of the Sheffield Shield, the domestic first-class cricket competition of Australia. Victoria won the championship.1896 English cricket season
1896 was the seventh season of County Championship cricket in England. Yorkshire won the championship title having lost only losing three of their 26 matches, setting a points percentage record with 68.42. Yorkshire's team did not possess the greatest performers statistically, such as Sussex with Ranjitsinhji, or Gloucestershire with W. G. Grace, but a well-rounded squad with four bowlers taking more than 70 wickets in the Championship and five batsmen scoring over 1000 runs gave them the title. Playing against Warwickshire at Edgbaston in May, Warwickshire scored 887 in their first innings, which is still the highest total in the history of the County Championship.The highlight of the season, however, was the Australian tour, where Australia won their first Test match in England since 1888, and gave England a fight up until the third Test. On a rain-affected pitch, however, England hauled in a 66-run third test victory thanks to Bobby Peel, who took six for 23. The win sealed the Ashes in favour of England by 2 wins to 1.1896 in sports
1896 in sports describes the year's events in world sport.1912 Triangular Tournament
The 1912 Triangular Tournament was a Test cricket competition played between Australia, England and South Africa, the only Test-playing nations at the time.
The ultimate winners of the tournament were England, with four wins in their six matches, but the tournament was deemed a failure, with disappointing crowds and uncompetitive cricket, caused in part by a weakened Australia team.
The tournament is one of only three tournaments in Test history to have been played between more than two nations, the others being the Asian Test Championships of 1998–99 and 2001–02.Australian cricket team in England in 1905
The Australian cricket team in England in 1905 played 35 first-class matches including 5 Tests. Australia was captained by Joe Darling. The England captain in all five Tests was Stanley Jackson.Australian cricket team in England in 1912
The Australia national cricket team toured England from May to September 1912, and took part in the 1912 Triangular Tournament, playing three Test matches each against the England national cricket team and the South Africa national cricket team. The tournament was won by England. Australia were captained by Syd Gregory.Australian cricket team in New Zealand and Fiji in 1904–05
An Australian team toured New Zealand and Fiji from February to April 1905 to play four first-class matches including two against New Zealand, which had not then attained Test status. The Australians also played first-class matches against provincial teams Canterbury and Otago. The other games were non-first-class against Auckland, Wellington and Fiji.The Australian team was captained by Monty Noble and included several notable Test players such as Warwick Armstrong, Tibby Cotter, Clem Hill and Victor Trumper. After they left Fiji they proceeded on to their tour of England.They won the matches against Canterbury and Otago but were held to a draw in the first match against New Zealand. However, they won the second international by an innings and 358 runs.Bill Duffy (sportsman)
William Vincent "Bill" Duffy (8 July 1866 – 13 June 1959) was an Australian sportsman who played cricket for Western Australia and football for the Rovers and West Perth Football Clubs in the West Australian Football Association (WAFA). He also umpired at high levels in both sports.
Duffy was born in Doutta Galla, Victoria, but moved to Perth in the late 1880s to coach West Perth in the WACA district cricket competition. He participated in the first tour of the eastern colonies by a Western Australian team in 1893, playing two first-class matches on the tour. Against Victoria in April 1893, he took 5/124 from 31 overs while opening the bowling, the first five-wicket haul by a Western Australian bowler. Duffy had previously played in a first-class game in 1887, a match in Melbourne between "Smokers" and "Non-Smokers". When the WACA Ground opened in 1893, Duffy was appointed curator. He was elected secretary of the West Perth Cricket Club in 1894, and also received a prize for the "best all-round player" at the club for the previous season.In 1897, Duffy umpired an exhibition game between George Giffen's XI and a Western Australia XVIII, featuring a number of national players, including Joe Darling, Clem Hill, Syd Gregory and Ernie Jones. The Western Mail said he "fulfilled every duty appertaining to the position with the utmost satisfaction to everybody concerned." Duffy was also a noted footballer for Rovers and West Perth in the local competition. In 1894, he finished third in the league's goalkicking, with 18 goals for the season, two behind the eventual leader. He also umpired one game in September 1893. In 1928 and 1929, he participated in a "veterans' cricket match" held at the WACA Ground. He later become involved with the Grand Theatre Company, and died in Subiaco in 1959.English cricket team in Australia in 1891–92
The England national cricket team toured Australia and Ceylon in 1891-92.
The team, captained by W G Grace, was organised by Lord Sheffield who later subscribed the Sheffield Shield to Australian domestic first-class cricket.
29 matches were played in total, of which 12 were won, two lost and 15 drawn. Eight of the games were first-class including three Tests versus Australia. Australia won the Test series 2-1.
The other five first-class matches were versus New South Wales (twice), South Australia and Victoria (twice).English cricket team in Australia in 1894–95
The England cricket team toured Australia and Ceylon in 1894-95. The team, captained by Andrew Stoddart, played 24 matches in total, of which it won 10, drew 10 and lost 4. In first-class cricket, the team played 12, won 8 and lost 4.
Five Test matches were played. England won 3-2 after Australia had recovered from 0-2 down to 2-2 with the final match a true decider. The first Test, won by England, was the first of only three Tests in history to be won by a side forced to follow on.
In addition to the Test series, England played first-class matches against the Australian colonial teams: New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia and Victoria.Gregory (surname)
Gregory is an English and Scottish surname, variants of the name include McGregor, MacGregor, Gregor, Gregson, Gregg, Grigg, Greig and may refer to:
Adam Gregory, Canadian entertainer
Alyse Gregory (1884-1967), American suffragist and writer
Andy Gregory, English rugby league player
Augustus Charles Gregory, Australian explorer
Bernard Gregory, French physicist, CERN Director General
Bob Gregory (disambiguation), multiple people
Brad Stephan Gregory
Charles Hutton Gregory, British civil engineer
Dave Gregory, Australian cricketer
Dave Gregory, guitarist for XTC
David Gregory (mathematician), Scottish mathematician
David Gregory (BBC)
David Gregory, American journalist
David Gregory, English footballer
Dick Gregory (1932-2017), American comedian, social activist, writer, and entrepreneur
Dudley S. Gregory
Duncan Farquharson Gregory
Earle D. Gregory
Edward John Gregory
Francis Gregory, American naval captain, eponym of two ships named USS Gregory
Francis Thomas Gregory
Frederick D. Gregory
Garland Gregory (1919–2011), American football player
Gayson Gregory, Antiguan and Barbudan footballer
Geena Gregory, fictional character
Herbert B. Gregory, Virginia judge
Herbert E. Gregory, American geologist and geographer
Jachin Gregory (1641–1697), Connecticut state representative
Jack Gregory (disambiguation), multiple people
Jackson Gregory (1882–1943), American teacher, journalist, and writer.
James Gregory (disambiguation), multiple people
Jecon Gregory a nomadic artist
John Gregory (disambiguation), multiple people
Jonathan M. Gregory
Julius Gregory, (born 1988), an American football player
Louis George Gregory, Hand of the Cause in the Bahá'í Faith
Matthew Gregory (disambiguation), several people
Melissa Gregory, American figure skater
Michael Gregory (actor), American actor born Gary Meimar
Noble Jones Gregory
Olinthus Gregory, English mathematician
Paul Gregory, American baseball player
Paul Roderick Gregory, economic historian
Philippa Gregory, Kenyan-English writer
Richard Gregory, British psychologist
Roger Gregory, American judge
Roger Gregory, programmer, one of earliest pioneers of hypertext
Sara Beth Gregory, Kentucky politician
Stephen Gregory (actor)
Stephen Gregory (author)
Susanna Gregory, pseudonym
Theodore Gregory (1890–1970), British economist
Thomas Watt Gregory, American Attorney General
Tom Gregory (1927-2006), American tv and radio personality
Tom Gregory (producer) (born 1960), American entertainer and commentator
Tom Gregory (swimmer) (born 1976), long-distance swimmer as a child
Tommy Gregory, American politician
T. Ryan Gregory, Canadian scientist
Victoria Welby-Gregory, Lady Welby
William G. Gregory
William S. Gregory
William Voris Gregory
Wilton Daniel GregoryIn England the surname is well represented in Derbyshire, Lincolnshire, Northamptonshire, Hampshire, Lancashire, Cheshire and Yorkshire, in Scotland the surname is well represented in Lanarkshire, Angus, Aberdeenshire, Moray, Fife, and Midlothian, and in the United States the surname is well represented in Tennessee, Kentucky, North Carolina, South Carolina, Michigan, Ohio and Virginia.History of Australian cricket from 1900–01 to 1918
This article describes the history of Australian cricket from the 1900–01 season until 1918.
Notable Australian players during this period include Joe Darling, Monty Noble, Victor Trumper, Clem Hill, Hugh Trumble, Warwick Armstrong, Charlie Macartney, Syd Gregory, Warren Bardsley, Bert Hopkins, Bill Howell, James Kelly, Tibby Cotter and Bill Whitty.History of Test cricket from 1901 to 1914
For more coverage of cricket, go to the Cricket portal.List of England cricketers who have taken five-wicket hauls on Test debut
In cricket, a five-wicket haul (also known as a "five-for" or "fifer") refers to a bowler taking five or more wickets in a single innings. This is regarded as a significant achievement. As of 2019, 154 cricketers have taken a five-wicket haul on their debut in a Test match, with 47 of them being England players. Alfred Shaw was the first Englishman to take a five wicket haul at Test debut. He took five wickets for 38 runs in the first Test of the history, against Australia at the Melbourne Cricket Ground in March 1877, but could not prevent England's defeat. Two Australian bowlers also picked-up fifers in the same match. The most recent Englishman to achieve the feat was Toby Roland-Jones. He took five wickets for 57 runs against South Africa at the Oval in July 2017. Dominic Cork's seven wickets for 43 runs against West Indies in the second Test of the 1995 series are the best bowling figures for an Englishman on debut.List of international cricket five-wicket hauls by Sydney Barnes
Sydney Barnes was a professional cricketer who played for England in 27 Test matches between 1901 and 1914. He claimed 24 five-wicket hauls (five or more wickets in an innings) during his Test career. A five-wicket haul is regarded as a notable achievement, and as of 2014 fewer than 50 bowlers have taken more than 15 five-wicket hauls at international level in their cricketing careers. Barnes had only played seven first-class matches when he was chosen by Archie MacLaren to tour Australia, and played only 47 County Championship matches throughout his entire career, opting to play Minor Counties and Lancashire League cricket instead. He based his decision upon two main criteria – playing club cricket was more financially rewarding, and he was worried about having to bowl too much in first-class county cricket, and suffering from burnout.Barnes is generally regarded as one of the best bowlers to have played international cricket, and finished his Test career with 189 wickets at an average of 16.43; his average places him among the top-ten bowlers in Test cricket. At the start of his career, he was a fast bowler who endeavoured to swing the ball, which was the common style of bowling at the time. However, Barnes experimented with bowling a little slower and cutting the ball, and developed both an off cutter and a leg cutter that he concluded were far more effective than swinging the ball. Despite his bowling talent, Barnes did not play any Test cricket between July 1902 and December 1907, as he was considered a "prima donna" who would only put in the effort when he was in the right mood, and being suitably paid. After his recall to the England side, he played regularly until the outbreak of the First World War in 1914, and was named by the Wisden Cricketers' Almanack as one of their Cricketers of the Year in 1910.Barnes made his Test debut in December 1901 against Australia at the Sydney Cricket Ground, and it was in this match that he took his first international five-wicket haul. He claimed five wickets and conceded 65 runs, (noted as five for 65), in the first innings of the match. On his second Test appearance, during the same tour, Barnes collected six wickets in the first innings and seven wickets in the second innings, to complete the first of seven occasions in which he took ten or more wickets in a match. Barnes' best bowling performances were against the South African cricket team in their 1913–14 series in South Africa. In their summary of the tour, Wisden noted that; "his success exceeded all expectation. He was simply irresistible." Barnes took five-wicket hauls in four of the five Test matches on the tour, and claimed ten or more wickets in three of them. During the second Test, he recorded the best figures of his career, collecting eight for 56 in the first innings and nine for 103 in the second. His match figures of 17 for 159 were the best in Test cricket at the time, and though since surpassed by Jim Laker's 19 wickets in 1956, remain second among all bowlers in Tests. That series marked Barnes' final appearances in Test cricket.Ned Gregory
Edward James "Ned" Gregory (29 May 1839 in Waverley, New South Wales – 22 April 1899 in Randwick, New South Wales) was an Australian cricketer who played in the first recognised Test in 1877 between Australia and England in Melbourne.
Ned was the father of a famous Australian cricketer, Syd Gregory, and brother of Dave Gregory who captained the first Australian eleven in England in 1878. Ned was also father-in-law of Harry Donnan.
In the latter part of his life he was custodian of the Association ground at Sydney (later to be known as the Sydney Cricket Ground) after building the scoreboard there.
Both Gregory and Nat Thomson are indicated by Wisden to have been born on the same day, and jointly hold the distinction of being earliest-born Australian Test cricketer.Warren Bardsley
Warren "Curly" Bardsley (6 December 1882 – 20 January 1954) was an Australian Test cricketer. An opening batsman, Bardsley played 41 Tests between 1909 and 1926 and over 200 first-class games for New South Wales. He was Wisden's Cricketer of the Year in 1910.
A strong domestic season in 1908–09 – 748 runs from 9 innings at an average of 83.11 – led to Bardsley's inclusion in the 1909 Australian squad to tour England for the Ashes. After making his debut at Edgbaston, in the city of Birmingham, Bardsley struggled for runs in the Test arena, returning scores of 2, 6, 46, 0, 30, 2, 9 and 35 in his first eight innings. In the Fifth Test, at The Oval, London, however, Bardsley became the first Test cricketer to score a century – 100 runs or more – in both innings of a single Test match.The 1910–11 series against South Africa in Australia was Bardsley's strongest Test series – 573 runs at 63.67 in nine innings. The following year, against England, he struggled somewhat and was replaced by the ageing Syd Gregory for the Fifth Test. Bardsley returned to Test form in the inaugural Triangular Test series (featuring England, Australia and South Africa in England) ending the series as the leading run-scorer (392 runs at 65.33 from 6 innings).
The First World War robbed Bardsley of five years of his playing career. By the time Test cricket resumed in 1920, Bardsley was aged in his mid-thirties. His form was not the same; in the 21 Tests Bardsley played from 1920 to 1926, he managed only one century. Maintaining his position in the Australian Test squad proved to be difficult, especially considering the fine form of younger opening batsmen Bill Ponsford, Bill Woodfull and Herbie Collins. Despite his Test woes, domestically Bardsley continued to average in the high-30s – low-40s for New South Wales throughout much of the early-1920s.
Warren Bardsley was 43 years old when he made his last Test tour of England, in 1926. After captain Herbie Collins was felled by illness after the Second Test, the captaincy duties fell on Bardsley, despite his inexperience in that field. Both matches under Bardsley's tenure ended in a draw. He was also the oldest captain to make captaincy debut at the age of 43 years and 216 days. Bardsley played all five Tests in the 1926 series; his undefeated innings of 193 at Lord's in the Second Test would be his highest Test score, and made him the oldest player to score a Test century for Australia. It also created a record for the highest individual score in a Test Match at Lord's (beaten in 1930 by Bradman's 254).After his retirement from Test and first-class cricket, Bardsley would briefly serve as a national selector. He continued to play club cricket for Glebe into his fifties. This longevity was attributed to rigorous exercise, and abstaining from alcohol and tobacco.
In 1945, aged 62, Bardsley married 45-year-old Gertrude Cope, his wife until his death in 1954. The last time they met, leaving the funeral of Dr. Rowley Pope, Jack Fingleton asked Bardsley his thoughts: "I was just thinking," said the old cricketer, "what a great bloke old Doc was. I was thinking of him, and then I just happened to see So-And-So across there, and I thought, Poor old So-And-So. By cripes, he's looking old. And then I thought, Well, I suppose some of them are looking at me and saying, 'Poor old Bards. By cripes, he's looking old!' That's just the trouble. We are all just poor old So-And-So's."Warwick Armstrong
Warwick Windridge Armstrong (22 May 1879 – 13 July 1947) was an Australian cricketer who played 50 Test matches between 1902 and 1921. An all-rounder, he captained Australia in ten Test matches between 1920 and 1921, and was undefeated, winning eight Tests and drawing two. Armstrong was captain of the 1920–21 Australian team which defeated the touring English 5–0: one of only three teams to win an Ashes series in a whitewash. In a Test career interrupted by the First World War, he scored 2,863 runs at an average of 38.68, including six centuries, and took 87 wickets. He was inducted into the Australian Cricket Hall of Fame in 2000.
Armstrong was a large man (6 foot 3 inches – 1.9 m tall and 21 stone – 133 kg or 294 lb) and was known as the "Big Ship". He was not a stylish batsman but his strokeplay was effective, with a sound defence and temperament. He bowled leg spin with a gentle action and while not a big turner of the ball, he relied on accuracy to dismiss opponents. He made his Test debut in 1902 against England at the Melbourne Cricket Ground (MCG) and was selected to tour England later that year where he was named as one of the Wisden Cricketers of the Year. That was the first of four tours of England. He was involved in several altercations with cricket administrators and was one of the "Big Six" who boycotted the 1912 Triangular Tournament in England after a dispute with the Australian Board of Control for International Cricket.
A talented Australian rules footballer, Armstrong briefly represented South Melbourne in the Victorian Football League before playing Test cricket. For much of his cricket career he was employed as a pavilion clerk by the Melbourne Cricket Club, who allowed him time off to play cricket. Following his retirement from Test and first-class cricket after the successful 1921 tour of England, Armstrong took a position as an agent for a scotch whisky distributor and wrote on cricket for the Sydney Evening News.Wembley Park Cricket Club
Wembley Park Cricket Club made just one appearance in first-class cricket, when they played the touring Australians during their 1896 tour of England. The Australians won the match by 135 runs. The club was based at Wembley Park Cricket Ground, Wembley Park, which is today covered by the Wembley Stadium complex.
Italics denote deputised captaincy