Swinton, South Yorkshire

Swinton is a suburban town within the Metropolitan Borough of Rotherham, in South Yorkshire, England on part of the west bank of the River Don. It has a population of 15,559 (2011).[1][2][3] The town is 5 miles north-northeast of the large town of Rotherham and directly west-southwest of Mexborough.

Swinton
Swinton - Swinton Bridge School

Swinton Bridge School
Swinton is located in South Yorkshire
Swinton
Swinton
Location within South Yorkshire
Population15,559 
OS grid referenceSK454992
• London145 mi (233 km) SSE
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townMexborough
Postcode districtS64
Dialling code01709
PoliceSouth Yorkshire
FireSouth Yorkshire
AmbulanceYorkshire
EU ParliamentYorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament

History

Waterloo Kiln - geograph.org.uk - 57928
Former kiln of Rockingham Pottery

The town was once a centre for the manufacture of ceramics of international importance, and deep coal mining, glassmaking, canal barge-building and engineering.

It is best known for being the site of the Rockingham Pottery, a world-renowned manufacturer of porcelain. Although the factory closed in 1842 its name is left as defining a style of rococo porcelain. There were several other potteries in the area during the 19th century. One of the original kilns, a small part of the factory, a gatehouse (both now private residences) and the pottery flint millpond remain today in Pottery Ponds, a small park off Blackamoor Road near the Woodman public house. Swinton was also the site of another important but lesser known pottery, Don Pottery.

The village of Swinton lies between the Roman Ridge (extending approximately from Wincobank to the north east of Sheffield, to Mexborough) and the south west Roman road from Doncaster (the Roman fort and minor settlement of Danum). Furthermore, a coin hoard dating to the early 3rd century was excavated during the construction of a house cellar in the village in 1853 (Monument SK 49 NW5, Pastscape).

In June 2014, Mr. Andrew Allen of Swinton, South Yorkshire, uncovered a number of pottery sherds whilst gardening at home.[4] Preliminary observations found that this exciting new assemblage comprised approximately 90 pottery sherds, including high status fabrics such as Samian ware, traditional cooking wares and rusticated pottery, as well as possible metal and glass working waste products. It puts into question how important Swinton was to the Romans.

In October 2014 South Yorkshire's first crowd-funded archaeological project [1] commenced with an archaeological excavation taking place in the area of the pottery finds. This excavation found evidence of a Roman ditch and a possible Roman field system, as well as numerous pieces of pottery dating from the late 1st to mid 3rd centuries. Further archaeological excavation was undertaken in the spring of 2015 as well as a comprehensive geophysical survey of Swinton Fitzwilliam school playing fields. Further work is planned for the area with Mr Allen, Elmet Archaeology and the local community.

Topography

St.Margaret's church - geograph.org.uk - 631406
St Margaret's Church (Church of England)

The town is situated on a hillside. The higher areas generally contain older dwellings, and the lower, newer build properties. The lowest part of the town contains two main rail lines, the River Don, the Sheffield and South Yorkshire Navigation canal and the derelict Dearne and Dove Canal.

Economy and transport

Following the decline of traditional industries (and notably the 1980s miners' strike), employment is provided predominantly by service and light industry in the nearby Manvers area. Surviving within the area of railway lines and canals is a boat yard with a limited barge repair and transport business, and timber milling and woodworking facilities.

The Sheffield and South Yorkshire Navigation canal, once a major transport route between Sheffield and Goole, underwent substantial modernisation in the mid-1980s and is capable of accommodating large vessels as far as Rotherham, and pleasure craft through to Sheffield. Recently, limited bulk freight has returned to the canal with use of the modern Swinton Lock.

The town was without a railway station between January 1968, when the old station was closed as part of the Beeching cuts, and 1991, when a new station was opened, unstaffed at that time. This followed the restoration of the dual track "Swinton Curve" (also known as the "Foundry Curve"), enabling trains to travel from Sheffield to Doncaster via Swinton. Increased passenger usage subsequently led to the provision of a small portable building staffed for morning peak times only. This was later replaced by a brick building housing a ticket office and waiting room. Some local bus services connect with trains at this facility.

Most manufacturing has ceased, but substantial warehousing remains. Morphy Richards & Roberts Radio brands run a large site in Swinton. An American bagel company operates in the town and there are centres for Stelrad and Jackson's building supplies and Tachart Ltd t/a Bolt and Nut Manufacturing.

Swinton's working class traditions gave way during the mid-1980s manufacturing upheaval, and the town now has marked divisions between deprived areas and newer "middle class" areas.

Education

Swinton's secondary school, with sixth form college, is Swinton Academy. It teaches pupils from age 11 to 18. The school was scheduled to be rebuilt on the current site. However, the scrapping of the rebuilding schools programme by the coalition government of the time meant that the school will not have a new building.

There are also several primary schools and nurseries, including Swinton Fitzwilliam Primary, Swinton Queen Primary School and Brookfield Primary School. Swinton Queen Primary School was rebuilt and opened in March 2011 with the old school buildings being demolished.

On the outskirts of Swinton and a short walk from Bow Broom estate is Dearne Valley College and the now empty Humphry Davy House which was used for nursing studies by Sheffield University. Students now studying nursing complete their studies in Sheffield at Hallam University who decided to not purchase and use the building off Golden Smithies Lane.

Amenities

Swinton contains 14 public houses commonly called "The Swinton Mile", which range from the 'typical Yorkshire', 'country-style' pub serving food, modern bars, and a working men's club. A previous pub was demolished to make way for a block of flats.

Local issues

Industrial premises on Swinton's boundary with Kilnhurst were formerly occupied by Croda Hydrocarbons, who took over the works from Midland and Yorkshire Tar Distillers. The site is associated with local controversy owing to pollution during the plant operations. Despite this the Council has given Planning Permission to build domestic dwellings on this site. A Validation Certificate has been issued and work by Gleeson Homes is due to start in March . There is expected to be an 8-year programme of building.[5]

Notable people

References

  1. ^ http://www.ukcensusdata.com/swinton-e05001033#sthash.YTL58dwp.ZlmKq0Wz.dpbs
  2. ^ Swinton is also made up of 10 output areas in the Wath ward http://www.ukcensusdata.com/wath-e05001036#sthash.MUa9X5A7.ulNr7noM.dpbs
  3. ^ Swinton is made up of 2 output areas in the Silverwood ward http://www.ukcensusdata.com/silverwood-e05001031#sthash.Q2YfdIza.oOJAhzXp.dpbs
  4. ^ "Date set for South Yorkshire Roman dig". Sheffield Telegraph. 3 September 2014. Retrieved 8 September 2014.
  5. ^ "Cash set aside for homes bid", South Yorkshire Times, 6 December 2012. Retrieved 1 July 2014
  6. ^ Lee, Sidney, ed. (1891). "Hulme, Frederick William" . Dictionary of National Biography. 28. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 201.

External links

Charles Green (astronomer)

Charles Green (baptised 26 December 1734 – 29 January 1771) was a British astronomer, noted for his assignment by the Royal Society in 1768 to the expedition sent to the Pacific Ocean in order to observe the transit of Venus aboard James Cook's Endeavour.

Dean Winstanley

Dean Winstanley (born 10 February 1981 in Buxton, Derbyshire) is an English professional darts player.

He first took up darts as a two-year-old, stopped playing at the age of 12, and then started playing again when he was 22. He turned professional in 2008 and won his first event at the 2010 German Open.

Fred Tilson

Samuel Frederick Tilson (19 April 1904 – 21 November 1972) was an English professional footballer who played for Manchester City and England. He was born in Swinton, South Yorkshire. He was part of the City team that won both the FA Cup and the League Championship (Division 1) in the 1930s. He has been described as 'a quick thinker with an elusive body-swerve'.

Frederick William Hulme

Frederick William Hulme (22 October 1816 – 14 November 1884) was an English landscape painter and illustrator.

Hulme was born in Swinton in Yorkshire, the son of Jesse Hulme and Elizabeth Trewolla. His mother was a porcelain painter and it was from her that he received his first lessons. He first exhibited in 1841 in Birmingham.

Hulme married Caroline Jackson. Their only son, Frederick Edward Hulme, born in March 1841 in Hanley, Staffordshire, became a notable teacher, writer and amateur botanist known for his drawings of flowers.In 1844 Hulme moved to London where he provided designs for engravers for publications such as "The Art Journal. The 1851 census showed him living at 4 Hereford Square. He practiced as a teacher of drawing and painting and, in 1850, published a text book in 4 parts called "A Graduated Series of Drawing Copies on Landscape Subjects for Use of Schools". He illustrated a number of books including Edgar Allan Poe's Poetical Works of E. A. Poe in 1853, and Samuel Carter Hall's Book of South Wales in 1861. He occasionally worked on pictures in conjunction with other artists, including Henry Brittan Willis.

Hulme is known for his landscape paintings of Surrey and Wales - he was a frequent visitor to Bettws-y-Coed in the Conway valley - but he also painted in other areas of the country. A part work publication entitled "The land we live in" included several views of the Potteries in Staffordshire.

Hulme notably exhibited work at the Royal Academy from 1852 to 1884, the British Institution from 1845 to 1862, the Royal Manchester Institution and other smaller galleries. The brightness and precision of his landscapes have been compared to those of William Shayer and to Thomas Creswick - another Birmingham artist who had first exhibited fourteen years before.

Hulme died in Kensington, London in 1884.

In 2002, an 1865 Hulme landscape, "Sheep resting in a woodland glade" sold for £33,000 at Christie's auction house, London.

Jim Briscoe

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Kay Morley-Brown

Kay Morley-Brown (née Morley, born 5 March 1963) is a British former athlete who competed in the 100 metres hurdles. Representing Wales, she won the 1990 Commonwealth Games 100 metres hurdles title, and went on to represent Great Britain at the 1992 Barcelona Olympics. Her sister, Sue Morley, is also a former international hurdler.

Mexborough and Swinton Traction Company

The Mexborough and Swinton Traction Company was the name adopted by the Mexborough & Swinton Tramways Company in 1929 following the introduction of trolleybuses on all its routes. It operated in the West Riding of Yorkshire, England, over routes serving Manvers Main Colliery, Wath upon Dearne and the towns of Rotherham, Rawmarsh, Swinton, Mexborough, Conisbrough and the estate at Conanby.

The first opening took place in 1907 and was owned by the National Electric Construction Co., becoming part of the British Electric Traction Group in 1931.

Mexborough and Swinton Tramway

The Mexborough & Swinton Tramways Company was a tramway system in South Yorkshire, England, founded in 1902 and which began services in 1907 linking Rotherham with the Old Toll Bar, Mexborough. Its routes served Manvers Main Colliery, Wath upon Dearne and the towns of Rotherham, Rawmarsh, Swinton and Mexborough.

Philip John Stead

Philip John Stead OBE, FRSL (5 February 1915 - 22 June 2005), was an English criminologist, author, literary critic, translator and poet. After retirement in the United Kingdom, he emigrated to New York and then Massachusetts.

Stead was born in Swinton, South Yorkshire in 1915 and was educated at Oxford University. Moving to London, he became a member of The Critics' Circle. During World War II, he served in the British Army in North Africa, Italy, France, Belgium and Germany. In 1946, he was demobilised with the rank of Captain. In 1947, he married Judith Irene Freeder and lived in Kensington. He was elected a fellow of the Royal Society of Literature in 1950 and was appointed to the National Police College at Bramshill House in 1953. In 1966 he was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire. In 1971 he took sabbatical leave to teach at the John Jay College of Criminal Justice at the City University of New York.

When he retired from Bramshill in 1974, Stead returned to John Jay College as professor of police studies and was appointed dean of graduate studies. He emigrated to Manhattan with his wife and worked with the police section of the UN Convention on the Prevention of Crime. He finally retired in 1982 and moved to Hyannis, Massachusetts and then South Yarmouth where he wrote poetry and took up amateur dramatics. He died there on 22 June 2005, aged 89 years.

Susan Morley

Susan Anita Jayne "Sue" Chick (née Morley, born 6 January 1960) is a British former athlete who competed in the 400 metres hurdles. She finished seventh in the 400 metres hurdles final at the 1983 World Championships. She also represented Great Britain in the women's 400 metres hurdles at the 1984 Los Angeles Olympics, and England at the 1982 Commonwealth Games. Her sister, Kay Morley-Brown, is also a former international hurdler.

Swinton Academy

Swinton Academy is a mixed Academy and sixth form located in Swinton, South Yorkshire, England.

The school was formerly known as Swinton Community School and was renamed Swinton Academy on 1 October 2016 after joining with Aston Academy. In November 2011 the former school was inspected by Ofsted and was judged to be a good school with a good sixth form. Mr John Morrison introduced vertical tutoring and the house system to allow people in different year groups to talk to one another and create school wide challenges and events for all 4 houses: Intrepid, Illustrious, Endeavour and Valiant.

Swinton Central railway station

Swinton, later Swinton Central railway station was situated on the South Yorkshire Railway line from Sheffield Victoria to Doncaster, between Kilnhurst Central and Mexborough. The station was to serve the community of Swinton Bridge, near Mexborough, South Yorkshire, England.

The station was opened in April 1872, shortly after the through line, and comprised two flanking platforms. The main building, including booking office, porters room etc., was on the Sheffield-bound platform and was a single storey structure with hipped roof. The Doncaster-bound platform had, originally, a wooden waiting shelter which was replaced by a brick-built example in the 1890s. At the south (Kilnhurst) end of the platforms was an occupation crossing which gave access to the platforms. This crossing was unprotected by signals or any form of locking. The line was also crossed by a footbridge at this point with steps, not only to the thoroughfare but to the station platforms.

In 1939, at the outbreak of World War II, a government factory was built on land over this crossing and this had rail connection. With more than local traffic to cross the crossing was altered to manual worked gates released from Mexborough No.3 signal box (at the north end of the station). Unusually the responsibility for manning the gates was with the factory authorities. The factory was bought by "white goods" manufacturer Hotpoint.

Swinton Central was closed on 15 September 1958.

Swinton Town F.C.

Swinton Town F.C. was an English association football club based in Swinton, South Yorkshire.

Swinton and Knottingley Joint Railway

The Swinton and Knottingley Joint Railway was a British railway company formed to connect the Midland and Great Central lines at Swinton, north of Rotherham, with the North Eastern Railway at Ferrybridge, near Knottingley, a distance of 16 miles (26 km), opening up a more direct route between York and the Sheffield area.

Swinton railway station (South Yorkshire)

Swinton railway station is a railway station in Swinton, South Yorkshire, England. It has three platforms and a small bus station, and lies at the junction of the former North Midland Railway main line between Rotherham Masborough and Leeds via Cudworth and the former South Yorkshire Railway line to Doncaster.

Thomas Norman Jackson

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Tom Williams, Baron Williams of Barnburgh

Thomas Williams, Baron Williams of Barnburgh, PC (18 March 1888 – 29 March 1967) was a British coal miner who became a Labour Party politician.

Wally Annables

Walter Annables (31 October 1911 – 16 August 1979) was an English former professional footballer who played as a full-back.

Wally Ardron

Wally Ardron (19 September 1918 – 1978) was a footballer born in Swinton, South Yorkshire, and who played as a centre forward. He joined Rotherham United from Denaby United, and went on to score 98 Football League goals for Rotherham, either side of World War II.He joined Nottingham Forest after his time at Rotherham, and holds the record for scoring most Forest league goals in one season (36 in 1950–51).

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