Sushma Swaraj (pronunciation (help·info)) (born 14 February 1952) is an Indian politician and a former Supreme Court lawyer. A senior leader of Bharatiya Janata Party, Swaraj is serving as the Minister of External Affairs of India since 26 May 2014; she is the second woman to hold the office, after Indira Gandhi. She has been elected seven times as a Member of Parliament and three times as a Member of the Legislative Assembly. At the age of 25 in 1977, she became the youngest cabinet minister of north Indian state of Haryana. She also served as 5th Chief Minister of Delhi from 13 October 1998 to 3 December 1998.
In the 2014 Indian general election, she won the Vidisha constituency in Madhya Pradesh for a second term, retaining her seat by a margin of over 400,000 votes. She became the Minister of External Affairs in the union cabinet on 26 May 2014. Swaraj was called India's 'best-loved politician' by the US daily Wall Street Journal.
Sushma Swaraj in 2017
|Minister of External Affairs|
|Assumed office |
26 May 2014
|Prime Minister||Narendra Modi|
|Preceded by||Salman Khurshid|
|Minister of Overseas Indian Affairs|
26 May 2014 – 7 January 2016
|Prime Minister||Narendra Modi|
|Preceded by||Vayalar Ravi|
|Succeeded by||Position abolished|
|Leader of the Opposition in the Lok Sabha|
21 December 2009 – 26 May 2014
|Preceded by||L. K. Advani|
|Minister of Parliamentary Affairs|
29 January 2003 – 22 May 2004
|Prime Minister||Atal Bihari Vajpayee|
|Preceded by||Pramod Mahajan|
|Succeeded by||Ghulam Nabi Azad|
|Minister of Health and Family Welfare|
29 January 2003 – 22 May 2004
|Prime Minister||Atal Bihari Vajpayee|
|Preceded by||C. P. Thakur|
|Succeeded by||Anbumani Ramadoss|
|Minister of Information and Broadcasting|
30 September 2000 – 29 January 2003
|Prime Minister||Atal Bihari Vajpayee|
|Preceded by||Arun Jaitley|
|Succeeded by||Ravi Shankar Prasad|
|5th Chief Minister of Delhi|
13 October 1998 – 3 December 1998
|Lieutenant Governor||Vijai Kapoor|
|Preceded by||Sahib Singh Verma|
|Succeeded by||Sheila Dikshit|
|Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha|
|Assumed office |
13 May 2009
|Preceded by||Rampal Singh|
7 May 1996 – 3 October 1999
|Preceded by||Madan Lal Khurana|
|Succeeded by||Vijay Kumar Malhotra|
14 February 1952
Ambala Cantonment, Punjab, India
(now in Haryana, India)
|Political party||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|Alma mater||Sanatan Dharma College|
Sushma Swaraj (née Sharma) was born on 14 February 1952 at Ambala Cantt, Haryana, to Hardev Sharma and Shrimati Laxmi Devi. Her father was a prominent Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh member. Her parents hailed from Dharampura area of Lahore, Pakistan. She was educated at Sanatan Dharma College in Ambala Cantonment and earned a bachelor's degree with majors in Sanskrit and Political Science. She studied law at Punjab University, Chandigarh. A state-level competition held by the Language Department of Haryana saw her winning the best Hindi Speaker award for three consecutive years.
Swaraj began her political career with Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad in the 1970s. Her husband, Swaraj Kaushal, was closely associated with the socialist leader George Fernandes and Sushma Swaraj became a part of George Fernandes's legal defence team in 1975. She actively participated in Jayaprakash Narayan's Total Revolution Movement. After the Emergency, she joined the Bharatiya Janata Party. Later, she became a national leader of the BJP.
She was a member of the Haryana Legislative Assembly from 1977 to 1982, acquiring the Ambala Cantonment assembly seat at the age of 25, and then again from 1987 to 1990. In July 1977, she was sworn in as a Cabinet Minister in the Janata Party Government headed by then Chief Minister Devi Lal. She became State President of Janata Party (Haryana) in 1979, at the age of 27 years. She was Education Minister of Haryana state in the Bharatiya Janata Party–Lok Dal coalition government during the period of 1987 to 1990.
After a tenure in national level politics, in October 1998 she resigned from the Union Cabinet to take over as the first female Chief Minister of Delhi. However, the BJP had lost the Assembly elections because of rising prices and inflation. She resigned from her Assembly seat and returned to national politics.
Swaraj was elected to the 11th Lok Sabha from South Delhi constituency in April 1996 elections. She was Union Cabinet Minister for Information and Broadcasting during the 13-day government of PM Atal Bihari Vajpayee in 1996.
She was re-elected to 12th Lok Sabha from South Delhi Parliamentary constituency for a second term in March 1998. Under the second PM Vajpayee Government, she was sworn in as Union Cabinet Minister for Information and Broadcasting with additional charge of the Ministry of Telecommunications from 19 March 1998 to 12 October 1998. Her most notable decision during this period was to declare film production as an industry, which made the Indian film industry eligible for bank finance. She also started community radio at universities and other institutions.
In September 1999, BJP nominated Swaraj to contest against the Congress party's national President Sonia Gandhi in the 13th Lok Sabha election, from the Bellary constituency in Karnataka, which had always been retained by Congress politicians since the first Indian general election in 1951–52. During her campaign, she addressed public meetings in the local Kannada language. She secured 358,000 votes in just 12 days of her election campaign. However, she lost the election by a 7% margin.
She returned to Parliament in April 2000 as a Rajya Sabha member from Uttar Pradesh. She was reallocated to Uttrakhand when the new state was carved out of Uttar Pradesh on 9 November 2000. She was inducted into the Union Cabinet as Minister for Information and Broadcasting, a position she held from September 2000 until January 2003.
As Union Health Minister, she set up six All India Institute of Medical Sciences at Bhopal (MP), Bhubaneshwar (Odisha), Jodhpur (Rajasthan), Patna (Bihar), Raipur (Chhattisgarh) and Rishikesh (Uttrakhand).
She won the 2009 election for the 15th Lok Sabha from the Vidisha Lok Sabha constituency in Madhya Pradesh by the highest margin of over 400,000 votes. Sushma Swaraj became Leader of Opposition in the 15th Lok Sabha in place of Lal Krishna Advani on 21 December 2009 and retained this position till May 2014 when in Indian general election, 2014 her party got a major victory.
Swaraj has been serving as the Indian Minister of External Affairs under Prime Minister Narendra Modi since May 2014, responsible for implementing the foreign policy of Narendra Modi. She is only the second woman to hold this position after Indira Gandhi.
In 1977, she became the youngest ever Cabinet Minister in the country at 25 years of age. In 1979, she became State President of Janata Party, Haryana State at the young age of 27. Sushma Swaraj was the first female Spokesperson of a national political party in India. She has many firsts to her credit as BJP's first female Chief Minister, Union Cabinet Minister, general secretary, Spokesperson, Leader of Opposition and Minister of External Affairs. She is the Indian Parliament's first and the only female MP honoured with the Outstanding Parliamentarian Award. She has contested 11 direct elections from four states. She has served as the President of the Hindi Sahitya Sammelan in Haryana for four years. On 19 February 2019 Ms. Swaraj accepted the accepted the prestigious Grand Cross of Order of Civil Merit, which was conferred by the Spanish government in recognition of India's support in evacuating its citizens from Nepal during the earthquake in 2015 .
During the times of Emergency, on 13 July 1975, Sushma Swaraj married Swaraj Kaushal, a peer and fellow advocate at the Supreme Court of India. The Emergency movement brought together the couple, who then teamed up for the defence of the socialist leader George Fernandes.
Sushma Swaraj's sister Vandana Sharma is an associate professor of political science in a government college for girls in Haryana.
Swaraj, while being the Minister of External Affairs of the NDA government, issued an NOC against a specific query raised by the UK government about the Indo-UK bilateral relationship if UK granted permission to Lalit Modi, an Indian fugitive in a cricket scandal who had been staying in Britain since 2010, to attend his wife's surgery in Portugal.She conveyed to the British High Commissioner that they should examine Modi's request as per their rules and wrote "if the British government chooses to give travel documents to Lalit Modi -– that will not spoil our bilateral relations". However, some people mentioned this incident as Swaraj helping Lalit Modi in the travel visa process.
On 12 August 2015, leader of Indian National Congress, Mallikarjun Kharge, moved an Adjournment Motion in the lower house seeking resignation of Sushma Swaraj due to her alleged conduct in this regard. Initially, the motion was rejected by the Speaker, but was accepted on Swaraj's insistence. Intervening in the motion, Swaraj clarified that Lalit Modi's right of residency was not cancelled since the Enforcement Directorate did not file an extradition request. The Adjournment Motion was subsequently rejected with voice vote. Sushma Swaraj was heavily criticised in 2014 when she urged Prime Minister Modi to declare Bhagwat Gita as the national book of India.
Alka Amin is an Indian television actress.She had played the role of wife of Shah Rukh Khan in the serial Dil Dariya. Her notable performances include playing Sushma Swaraj in Parichay.Cabinet Committee on Security
Not to be confused with the Cabinet Committee on National Security of Pakistan.The Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) of the Central Government of India discusses, debates and is the final decision-making body on senior appointments in the national security apparatus,defence policy and expenditure,, and generally all matters of India's national security. The CCS is chaired by the Prime Minister of India. The CCS consists of the following members:
Narendra Modi, Prime Minister
Rajnath Singh, Minister of Home Affairs
Sushma Swaraj, Minister of External Affairs
Arun Jaitley, Minister of Finance
Nirmala Sitharaman, Minister of DefenceOther senior Cabinet Committees (as of 2016) include:
Appointments Committee of the Cabinet - chaired by the Prime Minister of India
Cabinet Committee on Accommodation - chaired by the Home Minister of India
Cabinet Committee of Economic Affairs - chaired by the Prime Minister of India
Cabinet Committee of Parliamentary Affairs - chaired by the Home Minister of India
Cabinet Committee on Political Affairs - chaired by the Prime Minister of IndiaDaggubati Purandeswari
Daggubati Purandhareswari (born (1959-04-22)22 April 1959) is an Indian politician from the state of Andhra Pradesh. She represented the Visakhapatnam constituency of Andhra Pradesh as a Member of Parliament in the 15th Lok Sabha of India. Purandhareswari is also known as Southern Sushma Swaraj. She had previously represented the Bapatla constituency in the 14th Lok Sabha, during which period she served as the Minister of State in the Ministry of Human Resource Development. She joined Bharatiya Janata Party on 7 March 2014. In 2014, she fought Lok Sabha election on a BJP ticket from Rajampet and lost. On 3 July 2015, Daggubati Purandeswari was appointed in-charge of BJP Mahila Morcha.Faggan Singh Kulaste
Faggan Singh Kulaste (born 18 May 1959) was former Minister of State for Health and Family Welfare and a member of the 16th Lok Sabha (2014–2019). He represents the Mandla constituency of Madhya Pradesh and is a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) political party. He was minister of state in Vajpayee ministry from 1999.
He represented Mandla Lok Sabha seat from 1996 to 2009. After losing in 2009 to Basori Singh Masram of Congress, he was elected to Rajya Sabha. He regained the seat in 2014, defeating his Congress rival Omkar Markam.Foreign Secretary (India)
The Foreign Secretary (Videsh Sachiv) is the administrative head of the Ministry of External Affairs and is the top diplomat for foreign relations. This post is generally held by an IFS officer of the rank of Secretary to Government of India. The current Foreign Secretary is Vijay Keshav Gokhale.As a Secretary to Government of India, the Foreign Secretary ranks 23rd on Indian Order of Precedence.Foreign policy of the Narendra Modi government
The foreign policy of the Modi government (also referred to as the Modi Doctrine) concerns the policy initiatives made towards other states by the current Modi government after he assumed office as Prime Minister of India on 26 May 2014.
The Ministry of External Affairs, headed by External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj (the first woman to hold the office since Indira Gandhi), is responsible for carrying out the foreign policy of India. Modi's foreign policy is currently focused on improving relations with neighbouring countries in South Asia, engaging the extended neighbourhood in Southeast Asia and the major global powers. In pursuit of this, he has made official visits to Bhutan, Nepal and Japan within the first 100 days of his government, followed by the United States, Myanmar, Australia, and Fiji.
Swaraj has also made official visits to Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Myanmar, Singapore, Vietnam, Manama, Bahrain, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, United States, United Kingdom, Mauritius, Maldives, United Arab Emirates, Israel, South Korea, China, Oman and Sri Lanka.Ganeshi Lal
Professor Ganeshi Lal is the Governor of Odisha.
Besides a disciplined soldier of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, he was a renowned Professor of Mathematics.
With a brilliant educational career and three Gold Medals to his credit, Professor Ganeshi Lal, would have become a great mathematician had he not joined RSS shakhas and taken interest in politics.
Professor Ganeshi Lal bravely faced the atrocities during the national emergency and remained in jail in 1975-76.
Resigning from his teaching job in 1990, he was first elected as a Member of Legislative Assembly in the year 1996 defeating the invincible Congress heavy-weight Lachman Dass.
He served as a senior Cabinet Minister in the HVP-BJP collation government under Chief Minister Ch. Bansi Lal in Haryana holding plump portfolios including Labour & Employment, Cooperation, Food & Civil Supply and Excise & Prohibition.
He challenged former Chief Minister, Ch. Bhajan Lal on his home turf Adampur (Hissar) in 2000 assembly elections in the same fashion as Smt. Sushma Swaraj did in Bellary against Sonia Gandhi.
He is a former Secretary, Spokesperson, Vice-President and rose to occupy to coveted party position of President, Haryana BJP unit.
He remained as BJP Rashtriya Prabhabi for the state of Jharkhand for three years.
He has authored a celebrated book on "Geeta" - 'The Unattached Attachment'.
He also served as the Convenor of BJP-HJC coordination committee.
He played pivotal role in the formation of first BJP government in Haryana with absolute majority in 2014 and was considered as a strong contender for the post of Chief Ministerialship.
Popularly known as 'Professor' and 'Bauji' among the masses, he enjoys a clean image and is considered as hallmark of honesty in public life even by his opponents.
Before occupying the gubernatorial position in Odisha, he was National President of Disciplinary Committee of the Bhartiya Janta Party.Guinea-Bissau–India relations
Guinea-Bissau–India relations refers to the international relations that exist between Guinea-Bissau and India. The Embassy of India in Dakar, Senegal is concurrently accredited to Guinea-Bissau. India opened an Honorary Consulate in Bissau on 28 May 2010. Guinea-Bissau has no diplomatic mission in India.Prime Minister of the transitional Government of Guinea-Bissau Rui Duarte de Barros led a delegation that included the Minister of Foreign Affairs and the Minister of Economy to India to attend the 9th CII EXIM Bank Conclave on India Africa Project Partnership in March 2013. Minister of State for Mines and Steel Vishnudeo Sai visited Guinea-Bissau in September 2015 as the Prime Minister's Special Envoy. He invited President José Mário Vaz to attend the third India Africa Forum Summit in New Delhi. Vaz accepted the invitation and in October 2015, became the first Bissau-Guinean head of state to visit India. He held bilateral talks with Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 30 October. Vaz was accompanied by a delegation that included Foreign Minister Artur Antonio da Silva. Silva participated in the India-Africa foreign ministers’ meeting in New Delhi along with his Indian counterpart Sushma Swaraj and several African Foreign Ministers.Guinea-Bissau and India were among the first 19 countries to join the International Solar Alliance, proposed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, on 15 November 2016.India Development Foundation of Overseas Indians
India Development Foundation of Overseas Indians (IDF-OI) www.idfoi.nic.in is a not for profit Trust established in 2008 by Government of India with the approval of the Cabinet to serve as a credible institutional avenue to enable overseas Indians to engage in philanthropy to supplement India's social and development efforts. The New Delhi-based Trust is chaired by Sushma Swaraj, Minister for External Affairs and is exempt from the provisions of Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act, 2010 (FCRA).According to Smt. Sushma Swaraj the Indian diaspora is a very heterogeneous group and there is a common factor which binds them- their desire to maintain connection with their homeland and to contribute to the social and development efforts in India. IDF-OI seeks to strengthen and deepen this relationship.IDF-OI”.
The Chairperson of the IDF-OI Board of Trustees is Smt. Sushma Swaraj, Minister for External Affairs, the Vice Chairman is Shri Dnyaneshwar M. Mulay, Secretary (OIA and CPV) Ministry of External Affairs and the CEO is Smt. Vani Rao, Joint Secretary (OIA), Ministry of External Affairs. Other Board members are prominent Overseas Indians and eminent Indians who have an active interest in philanthropy.List of chief ministers from the Bharatiya Janata Party
The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) is one of the two major parties in the political system of the Republic of India, the other being the Indian National Congress (INC). As of 2015, it is the country's largest political party in terms of representation in the national parliament. Established in 1980, the BJP's platform is generally considered as the right-wing of the political spectrum. As of May 2018, 43 BJP leaders have held the position of a chief minister, out of which twelve are incumbent. A chief minister is the head of government of each of the twenty-nine states and two union territories (UTs) (Delhi and Puducherry). According to the Constitution of India, at the state-level, the governor is de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the state legislative assembly, the governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given he/she has the assembly's confidence, the chief minister's term is usually for a maximum of five years; there are no limits to the number of terms he/she can serve.Of the 43 BJP chief ministers, twelve are incumbent — Pema Khandu in Arunachal Pradesh, Sarbananda Sonowal in Assam, Pramod Sawant in Goa, Vijay Rupani in Gujarat, Manohar Lal Khattar in Haryana, Jai Ram Thakur in Himachal Pradesh, Raghubar Das in Jharkhand, Devendra Fadnavis in Maharashtra, N. Biren Singh in Manipur, Biplab Kumar Deb in Tripura, Trivendra Singh Rawat in Uttarakhand, and Yogi Adityanath in Uttar Pradesh. Four of BJP chief ministers have been women — Sushma Swaraj in Delhi, Uma Bharti in Madhya Pradesh, Anandiben Patel in Gujarat and Vasundhara Raje in Rajasthan. Raman Singh, who was chief minister of Chhattisgarh for 15 years and 9 days between 7 December 2003 and 16 December 2018 has been the longest-serving chief minister from the BJP. Karnataka's B. S. Yeddyurappa's third tenure as the chief minister lasted for only six days, which is the least tenure among chief ministers from BJP; however, taking the total of all the tenures into consideration, Sushma Swaraj served as a chief minister for the shortest period of 52 days. Bhairon Singh Shekhawat of Rajasthan was the first chief minister from the BJP; however some BJP leaders had already been elected before as the chief minister while being a member of the Janata Party (JP), an amalgam of political parties which included BJP's predecessor Bharatiya Jana Sangh. There have been five chief ministers from the BJP in Gujarat and Uttarakhand each, four chief ministers in Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh each, and three in Delhi, Goa, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, and Karnataka each.Minister of External Affairs (India)
The Minister of External Affairs (or simply Foreign Minister) is the head of the Ministry of External Affairs of the Government of India. One of the senior-most offices in the Union Cabinet, the chief responsibility of the Foreign Minister is to represent India and its government in the international community. The Foreign Minister also plays an important role in determining Indian foreign policy. Occasionally, the Foreign Minister is assisted by a Minister of State for External Affairs or the lower-ranked Deputy Minister of External Affairs.
India's first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, also held the Foreign Minister post throughout his 17-year premiership of the country; he remains the country's longest-serving Foreign Minister. Several other Prime Ministers have since held the additional charge of foreign minister, but never has any other cabinet minister held additional charge of the office. There have been a number of Foreign Ministers who went on to become the Prime Minister like Atal Bihari Vajpayee, P. V. Narasimha Rao and I. K. Gujral.
The current Minister of External Affairs is Sushma Swaraj of the Bharatiya Janata Party, succeeding Salman Khurshid of the Indian National Congress on 26 May 2014Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs
The Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs (MOIA) was a ministry of the Government of India. It was dedicated to all matters relating to the Indian diaspora around the world.Pon Radhakrishnan
Pon Radhakrishnan (born 1 March 1952) is an Indian politician from Tamil Nadu, representing the Bharatiya Janata Party. He is currently serving as Minister of State in the Ministry of Finance and Ministry of Shipping. Earlier, he served in the Union Minister of State for Road Transport & Highways in the NDA government. He has served as the minister of state for Youth affairs and Minister of State in the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation in Third Vajpayee Ministry. He is elected to Lok Sabha from Kanyakumari in Tamil Nadu.South Delhi (Lok Sabha constituency)
South Delhi Lok Sabha constituency (Hindi: दक्षिण दिल्ली लोकसभा निर्वाचन क्षेत्र) is one of the seven Lok Sabha constituencies in the Indian National Capital Territory of Delhi. This constituency came into existence in 1966.
The seat was a stronghold of the Bharatiya Janata Party for many years but in 2009, after delimitation, INC won this seat. As of 2014, Ramesh Bidhuri of the BJP is the MP representing the constituency.Sushma
Sushma is a female given name in India and Nepal. It means "sparkling beauty" or beautiful women.Notable people with the name include:
Sushma Swaraj (born 1952), Indian politician
Sushma Shrestha (born c. 1960), Nepali singer
Sushma Seth, Indian film, television, and stage actress
Sushma Karki, Nepali model and actress.
Sushma Rana, professional Indian shooter
Sushma Joshi (born 1973), Nepali writer and filmmaker
Sushma Singh, Chief Information Commissioner of India
Sushma K. Rao, Indian television actress
Sushama Reddy (born 1973), Indian model, VJ, actress and producerSushma Swaraj's tenure as External Affairs Minister
Sushma Swaraj is the serving Indian External Affairs Minister under Prime Minister Narendra Modi from May 2014, responsible for implementing the foreign policy of Narendra Modi. She is only the second women to hold this position after Indira Gandhi.Sushma Swaraj ministry (1998)
Sushma Swaraj of Bharatiya Janata Party was Chief Minister of Delhi from 12 October 1998 to 3 December 1998.
The names of the ministers of her ministry are:
Sushma Swaraj-Chief minister,Home
Harsh Vardhan-Health and Family Welfare, Education
Jagdish Mukhi-Excise, Technical Education, Finance
Purnima Sethi-Civil supplies & environment
Devender Singh Shokeen-Transport
Harsharan Singh Balli-Industries, Jails, Administration of Gurudwaras
Surendra Pal Ratawal-Welfare, Labour, Tourism and EmploymentSwaraj Kaushal
Swaraj Kaushal (born 12 July 1952) is an Indian criminal lawyer practising in New Delhi. He was designated Senior Advocate by the Supreme Court of India at age 34. He has the distinction of being India's youngest ever Advocate General at age 34 and Governor of a state at 37 years of age. He served as Governor of Mizoram between 1990 and 1993.Vidisha (Lok Sabha constituency)
Vidisha Lok Sabha constituency (Hindi: विदिशा लोक सभा निर्वाचन क्षेत्र) is one of the 29 Lok Sabha constituencies in Madhya Pradesh state in central India. This constituency came into existence in 1967. This constituency covers parts of Raisen, Vidisha, Sehore and Dewas districts.
|Current vice presidents|
|Other prominent leaders|
|Current chief ministers|