Surrey Heath

Surrey Heath is a local government district with Borough status in Surrey, England. Its Council is based in Camberley. Much of the area is within the Metropolitan Green Belt.

Surrey Heath District
Motto(s): 
Festina diligenter
(Latin: Make haste carefully)
Surrey Heath shown within Surrey
Surrey Heath shown within Surrey
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionSouth East England
Non-metropolitan countySurrey
StatusNon-metropolitan district
Admin HQCamberley
Incorporated1 April 1974
Government
 • TypeNon-metropolitan district council
 • BodySurrey Heath Borough Council
 • LeadershipLeader & Cabinet (Conservative)
 • MPsMichael Gove
Area
 • Total36.7 sq mi (95.1 km2)
Area rank220th (of 317)
Population
 (mid-2018 est.)
 • Total88,874
 • Rank274th (of 317)
 • Density2,400/sq mi (930/km2)
 • Ethnicity[1]
95.4% White
2.1% S.Asian
1.0% Black
1.4% Chinese or Other
1.4% Mixed Race
Time zoneUTC0 (GMT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (BST)
ONS code43UJ (ONS)
E07000214 (GSS)
OS grid referenceSU8752760851
Websitewww.surreyheath.gov.uk

History

St Saviour's Church, Valley End, Surrey
St Saviour's Church, Valley End, Windlesham

The district was formed on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, as a merger of Frimley and Camberley Urban District, and Bagshot Rural District. The Borough acquired its name because it includes extensive areas of heath and woodland including Chobham Common and Lightwater Country Park.

Bagshot Rural District

Bagshot Rural District formed the largest part of Surrey Heath. The villages and hamlets in Bagshot rural district comprised Lightwater, Bagshot, Windlesham, Chobham including West End and Bisley.

The motto for the district was Festina Prudenter granted on 20 July 1960.

On the crest, the gold and white background was from the arms of Chertsey Abbey, which owned and is connected with the history of much of the district - Bagshot was included in a grant to the Abbey as early as 933. The stag's head on the crest refers to Bagshot Park, a royal demesne since Norman times and hunting ground of the Stuart kings, and also to the fact that much of the area was formerly part of Windsor Forest. The grenade on the crest refers to the area's military associations, in particular the former military camp at Chobham and the lion recalls the area's royal links. The fir cones and mound of heathland refers to Bagshot Heath, and the falcon is derived from the supporters of the Earls of Onslow.[2]

Governance

The Borough is governed by Surrey Heath Borough Council. Parish councils in Surrey Heath are in Bisley with the chairman being Cllr Barry Woodhead; Chobham with the chairman being Cllr Ian AC Taylor; West End with the chairman being Cllr David Elliott and Windlesham (which includes Lightwater and Bagshot) where the chairman is Cllr Keith Hand.[3]

Politics

The 2 May 2019 borough elections produced 18 Conservative, 10 Liberal Democrat, 1 Labour, 2 Green and 4 Independent councillors.[4] The same election also produced 7 Independent councillors for Bisley Parish council and 13 Conservative, 3 Green, 2 Independent and 1 Liberal Democrat for Windlesham Parish Council.[5] In 2014, the British Election Study named Surrey Heath as the most right-wing constituency in the country.[6]

Geography

The area forms the heart of the heath that spans Esher, Oxshott, Weybridge, Wisley, all around Woking, Brookwood, Deepcut, Pirbright, Frimley, Lightwater, Camberley, Chobham Common, Virginia Water and Ottershaw. It is made up of naturally wet, very acid sandy and loamy soil, which is just 1.9% of English soil and 0.2% of Welsh soil, which gives rise to pines and coniferous landscapes, such as pioneered at Wentworth and Foxhills estate (now spa, hotel, restaurant and golf club) by pro-American independence statesman Charles James Fox.[7] In geology it gives rise to the name, Bagshot Formation.

The western section of the district is largely urbanised, with heaths nonetheless providing substantial green buffer around Camberley, Lightwater, Deepcut, Frimley, Frimley Green and Mytchett. The east of the district is less urbanised, and contains Surrey Heath's four civil parishes:[8]

Within the borough there are five Sites of Special Scientific Interest, four of which are part of the Thames Basin Heaths Special Protection Area of European Importance as a habitat for certain endangered bird species; these make up some of the six Wildlife Reserves managed by Surrey Wildlife Trust in Surrey Heath.

Notable people

Twinning

Surrey Heath is twinned with Sucy-en-Brie, France, and Bietigheim-Bissingen, Germany.[9]

Energy policy

In May 2006, a report commissioned by British Gas showed that housing in Surrey Heath produced the 3rd highest average carbon emissions in the country at an average of 7,477 kg of carbon dioxide per dwelling.[10]

Opinion poll

Surrey Heath was voted the 6th best place to live in Channel 4's 2007 Location, Location, Location 'best and worst' survey.[11]

References

  1. ^ "Local statistics - Office for National Statistics". www.ons.gov.uk.
  2. ^ "CIVIC HERALDRY OF ENGLAND AND WALES-SURREY (OBSOLETE)". www.civicheraldry.co.uk.
  3. ^ "Surrey Heath Councillors".
  4. ^ Heath, Surrey (3 May 2019). "All results for the Borough Elections have now been declared. Here's what the political makeup of the Council now looks like... #LE19 #localelections2019 @YourVote_UK @ElectoralCommUK #surreyheath #declarationpic.twitter.com/ryh1LHVBgd". line feed character in |title= at position 128 (help)
  5. ^ Heath, Surrey (3 May 2019). "It's a wrap! All Parish results now declared! #LE19 #localelections2019 @YourVote_UK @ElectoralCommUK #surreyheath #declarationpic.twitter.com/ELkSbY5bbW". line feed character in |title= at position 14 (help)
  6. ^ Wheeler, Brian (1 December 2014). "Strange reasons why people vote" – via www.bbc.co.uk.
  7. ^ "Soilscapes soil types viewer - National Soil Resources Institute. Cranfield University". www.landis.org.uk.
  8. ^ Surrey Council Archived 26 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ "About Surrey Heath".
  10. ^ Centrica plc Archived 26 June 2008 at the Wayback Machine. Britishgasnews.co.uk (2013-02-27). Retrieved on 2013-07-17.
  11. ^ "Puppy Toy For Sale At Low Price - Channel4bestandworst.com". www.channel4bestandworst.com.

External links

Coordinates: 51°20′22″N 0°44′36″W / 51.3395°N 0.7433°W

2007 Surrey Heath Borough Council election

The 2013 Surrey Heath Borough Council election for the Surrey Heath Borough council was held on 3 May 2007. The whole council was up for election and the Conservative party kept overall control of the council.

2015 Surrey Heath Borough Council election

The 2015 Surrey Heath Borough Council election took place on 7 May 2015 to elect all members of Surrey Heath Borough Council in England as one of the 2015 local elections, held simultaneously with the General Election.

Bagshot

Bagshot is a large village in the southeast of England. It is situated in the northwest corner of Surrey within the county's Surrey Heath council district, close to the border with Berkshire, and is also in the diocese of Guildford. In the past, Bagshot served as an important staging post between London, Southampton and the West Country. Evidence of this can be seen in some of the original coaching inns that are still there today.

The village is situated 43 kilometres (27 mi) southwest of London, adjacent to junction 3 of the M3 motorway and is split in half by the A30 road, midway between Camberley and Sunningdale. Much of the surrounding land is owned by the Ministry of Defence. The area is in the Green Belt that surrounds London. It is served by Bagshot railway station.

Bisley, Surrey

Bisley is a village and civil parish in the borough of Surrey Heath in Surrey, England. It is centred 3.4 miles (5.5 km) west of Woking. It was a medieval creation. Neighbouring Bisley is the 19th-century West End, centred 900 metres north, across the Windle Brook. According to the 2011 Census, the population of Bisley was 3,965, which is largely within a focal area – the surrounding green and heather-and-gorse heath buffer land running into other parishes is lightly populated – in contrast to Knaphill which is contiguous to Woking, 1 mile (1.6 km) east.

Much of the west of the parish is covered by a high acidic heath near-plateau, relative to the Windle Brook area, which is owned and used or leased by the Ministry of Defence and is noted for its rifle shooting ranges. The National Shooting Centre, the headquarters of the National Rifle Association of the United Kingdom, is within the historic bounds. Other large buildings are Coldingley men's prison and the former factory of Bisley Office Furniture, a large office furniture manufacturer.

Camberley

Camberley is a town in Surrey, England, 31 miles (50 km) southwest of Central London, between the M3 and M4 motorways. The town is in the far west of the county, close to the borders of Hampshire and Berkshire; the boundaries intersect on the western edge of the town where all three counties converge on the A30 national route. It is the main town in the borough of Surrey Heath. Camberley's suburbs include Crawley Hill, York Town, Diamond Ridge, Heatherside, and Old Dean.

Chobham

Chobham is a village and civil parish in the Borough of Surrey Heath in Surrey, England.

The village has a small high street area, specialising in traditional trades and motor trades. The River Bourne and its northern tributary, the Hale, Mill Bourne or Windle Brook run through the village.

Chobham lost a large minority of its land to West End, in 1968, which has a larger population and was long associated with another parish. Chobham has a wide range of outlying businesses, particularly plant growing and selling businesses, science/technology and restaurants.

Chobham has no railway line; it is approximately midway between London-terminating services at Woking and Sunningdale, just under 5 miles (8.0 km) away.

Deepcut

Deepcut is a 20th-century military village in Surrey Heath, Surrey, 3 miles (4.8 km) southeast of Camberley, its post town and only town in the borough – it was from 1866 until 1894 part of Frimley, before which it was part of Ash. Deepcut is connected by a mixed military land and residential road to Frimley Green and has substantial green buffers of heath including Pirbright and West End Commons, owned by the MOD.

Deepcut has been home of the Princess Royal Barracks and its predecessors since 1906, which began as Blackdown Camp.

Frimley

Frimley is a small English town centred 2 miles (3 km) south of Camberley, in the extreme west of Surrey, adjacent to the border with Hampshire in the Borough of Surrey Heath. It is about 30 miles (50 km) south-west of Central London. The town is connected to the M3 motorway by the A331 Blackwater Valley Road. The village can be considered a slightly more developed twin of Frimley Green. Frimley became an urban district in 1894, and was renamed Frimley and Camberley in 1929.

Frimley Green

Frimley Green is a suburban village of 580 acres (2.3 km2) with ward status in the English county of Surrey, that has lakes in its south-west which border Hampshire and which has the Lakeside Country Club, the national venue for the BDO international darts competition. It is south of the town of Frimley which separates it from the largest town in Surrey Heath, Camberley. The county town, Guildford, is 10 miles (16 km) east south-east.

GU postcode area

The GU postcode area, also known as the Guildford postcode area, is a group of 38 postcode districts in England, which are subdivisions of 24 post towns. These postcode districts cover west Surrey, north-east Hampshire and northwestern West Sussex, plus a small part of Berkshire.

The main sorting office is in Hounslow (Jubilee Mail Centre), and the area served includes the towns of Aldershot, Alton, Bagshot, Bordon, Camberley, Cranleigh, Farnborough, Farnham, Fleet, Godalming, Guildford, Haslemere, Hindhead, Lightwater, Liphook, Liss, Midhurst, Petersfield, Petworth, Sandhurst, Virginia Water, Windlesham, Woking and Yateley.

The original GU13 district for Fleet was recoded to GU51 and GU52 in 2001.

Grade II* listed buildings in Surrey

The county of Surrey is divided into 11 districts: Spelthorne, Runnymede, Surrey Heath, Woking, Elmbridge, Guildford, Waverley, Mole Valley, Epsom and Ewell, Reigate and Banstead, and Tandridge.

As there are 322 Grade II* listed buildings in the county they have been split into separate lists for each district.

Grade II* is the mid-rank. Grade II is the initial rank with many more such buildings and particularly other structures, and Grade I is reserved to a very low percentage of buildings nationwide.

Grade II* listed buildings in Spelthorne

Grade II* listed buildings in Runnymede (district)

Grade II* listed buildings in Surrey Heath

Grade II* listed buildings in Woking (district)

Grade II* listed buildings in Elmbridge

Grade II* listed buildings in Guildford (borough)

Grade II* listed buildings in Mole Valley

Grade II* listed buildings in Waverley, Surrey

Grade II* listed buildings in Epsom and Ewell

Grade II* listed buildings in Reigate and Banstead

Grade II* listed buildings in Tandridge (district)

Lightwater

Lightwater is a town in the Surrey Heath district of Surrey, England, about 27 miles (43 km) south-west of Central London. Immediately surrounding towns and villages include Bagshot, Deepcut, Windlesham, Camberley, and West End, Woking. It is bounded to the north-west by the M3 motorway and to the north-east by the "Lightwater Bypass" (A322). To the south-east it is bounded by the "Red Road" (B311), while to the south-west there are vehicle-testing tracks owned by the Ministry of Defence.

List of Parliamentary constituencies in Surrey

The county of Surrey is divided into 11 Parliamentary constituencies (sub-classified into four of borough type and seven of county status affecting the level of expenses permitted and status of returning officer). The county in common with Essex saw the vast bulk of its population and seats removed on the creation of the County of London in 1887 and its wider replacement the county of Greater London in 1965. Reflecting the mainly suburban and rural nature of the rump county, all 11 seats have been held by Conservative MPs since 2005. The last period when more than one non-Conservative party MP served a division of the present definition of Surrey was that between the general elections of 1906 and January 1910.

List of electoral wards in Surrey

This is a list of electoral divisions and wards in the ceremonial county of Surrey in South East England. All changes since the re-organisation of local government following the passing of the Local Government Act 1972 are shown. The number of councillors elected for each electoral division or ward is shown in brackets.

List of museums in Surrey

This list of museums in Surrey, England contains museums which are defined for this context as institutions (including nonprofit organizations, government entities, and private businesses) that collect and care for objects of cultural, artistic, scientific, or historical interest and make their collections or related exhibits available for public viewing. Also included are non-profit art galleries and university art galleries. Museums that exist only in cyberspace (i.e., virtual museums) are not included.

To use the sortable table, click on the icons at the top of each column to sort that column in alphabetical order; click again for reverse alphabetical order.

Mytchett

Mytchett is a small suburban village in Surrey, 30 miles (48 km) west-southwest of Charing Cross, London (geodesically) and centred 2 miles (3 km) east of the town centre of Farnborough, Hampshire.

Surrey Heath (UK Parliament constituency)

Surrey Heath is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2005 by Michael Gove, a Conservative.

Surrey Heath Borough Council elections

Surrey Heath Borough Council in Surrey, England is elected every four years.

Windlesham

Windlesham is a village in the Surrey Heath borough of Surrey, England and civil parish that covers Bagshot and Lightwater in the same borough. Its name derives from the Windle Brook which runs south of the village into Chobham and the common suffix 'ham', the Old English word for 'homestead'.

Today Windlesham has a main clustered community with various clubs. The main public parkland is linked by footpath across the M3 motorway cutting across the south of the parish, Windlesham Arboretum. Passing through its north is the A30 (London Road), two nearby train stations and Heathrow Airport make the settlement economically largely a commuter village. It has one church, St John the Baptist, the Windlesham Club and Theatre and six public houses.

A few large companies of late-20th-century origin have based themselves in Windlesham, including Rainbow Play Systems and the Linde Group.

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