Surface Pro

The Surface Pro is a first generation 2-in-1 detachable of the Microsoft Surface series, designed and manufactured by Microsoft. The device ran a 64-bit version of Windows 8 Pro operating system with a free upgrade possibility to Windows 8.1 Pro, and eventually also Windows 10. Initially announced as Surface for Windows 8 Pro on June 18, 2012, at a Los Angeles event,[10] Microsoft later renamed the device to Surface Pro, and launched it on February 9, 2013.

Surface Pro
Surface Pro
Surface Pro with stylus (detached from keyboard cover)
Type2-in-1 detachable tablet
Release dateFebruary 9, 2013 (United States)[2]
May 2013 (UK)[3]
DiscontinuedOctober 22, 2013
Operating systemWindows 8 Pro (Upgradable to Windows 8.1 and upgradable from Windows 8.1 to Windows 10)
CPUIntel low-voltage dual-core
1.7 up to 2.6 GHz, 3 MB cache, 17 W[4][5]
MemoryGB dual-channel DDR3-1600 (25.6 GB/sec)
Storage64 GB (23 GB available)
128 GB (83 GB available)[6]
Removable storagemicroSD slot, accepts cards of up to 200 GB[7]
Display10.6 inches (27 cm) 1920x1080[8] (208 ppi) ClearType HD screen with 16:9 aspect ratio
GraphicsIntel HD Graphics 4000
Input10-point multi-touch screen, pen input with Wacom digital pen digitizer, ambient light sensor, 3-axis accelerometer, 3-axis gyroscope, compass, dual microphones
CameraFront: 1.2 MP, 720p HD
Rear: 1.2 MP AF, 720p HD
Connectivity2×2 MIMO Wi-Fi (802.11 a/b/g/n), Bluetooth 4.0, USB 3.0, Mini DisplayPort
Power151.2 kJ (42 W·h) battery (4-5 hours)[9]
Online servicesWindows Store, Xbox Music, OneDrive, Xbox Games, Xbox Video
Dimensions10.81 inches (27.5 cm) (w)
6.81 inches (17.3 cm) (h)
0.53 inches (13 mm) (d)
Mass2 pounds (910 g)
PredecessorSurface RT
SuccessorSurface Pro 2 (2013)


Microsoft did not take pre-orders for the Surface Pro. It was available for a purchase on February 9, 2013, in the United States, Canada and China,[11] and was released on 23 May 2013, in the United Kingdom and a number of other countries.[12]



The Surface Pro shares a lot of its design traits with its lower cost counterpart, the original Surface hybrid tablet, announced on the same day. Both have the dark VaporMg[10] coating over the same magnesium body and a 10-point multi-touch enabled 10.6 inches (27 cm) screen with crack resistant Gorilla Glass. The Wifi is 802.11 a/b/g/n.

However, the resolution on the Surface Pro is higher and is 1920x1080, and the screen has a Wacom digitizer for pen input. Surface Pro runs a dual-core 1.7 GHz Intel Core i5-3317U CPU, with a Turbo Boost frequency of up to 2.6 GHz with a built-in Intel HD Graphics 4000. It has 4 GB of memory and a 64 or 128 GB solid-state drive. Unique to the Surface and Surface Pro is the kickstand which can be flipped out from the back, propping the device up. The kickstand comes out of the devices at a 22 degree angle, the same angle the edges of the device are angled at.[13]

Along the right side of the device, the Surface Pro has a micro-SD card slot on top (with support for cards up to 200 GB), followed by the power port, and near the bottom, a Mini DisplayPort to connect a number of external displays. The bottom of the device (dubbed the "accessory spine") contains the cover port to attach a Touch Cover or Type Cover. In addition to the magnetic attachments, the cover port on the Surface Pro contains a pogo pin connector. Unique to the Surface Pro, compared to the Surface tablet, is the addition of power connectors for compatibility with the Surface Power Cover. The left side of the 2-in-1 contains a full-sized USB 3 port, the volume rocker, and the audio jack. The power button is on the top of the device.[14] On the front and back of the device are two 720p Lifecam cameras, and inside is a 42 Watt-hour battery. Other sensors include an ambient light sensor, accelerometer, gyroscope, and compass.


Surface Pro originally shipped with Windows 8 Pro, but was upgradeable to Windows 8.1 Pro. The Surface Pro is further capable of upgrading to Windows 10 Pro, which became a free upgrade for users since July 29, 2015.


The 2-in-1 features two types of detachable keyboards: Type Cover and Touch Cover, both with an integrated touchpad. The former is 5 millimetres (0.20 in) thick and has moving keys for a more traditional typing feel, while the latter is 3 millimetres (0.12 in) thin and its keys do not move. Both accessories additionally act as a protective screen cover and are sold separately.[10] Later Microsoft introduced the Power Cover (with the Surface Pro 2), which is backwards compatible with the Surface Pro.

Surface Pro is the first device in the Surface family to feature a stylus pen input. Pro Pen is based on Wacom digitizer technology. It is integrated with OneNote software which is also included with the Surface Pro and used for note taking and sketches.[15]

The Surface Pro includes a 48-watt power supply with additional 5 W USB port for charging other devices. In early 2016, Microsoft issued a recall for Surface Pro, Surface Pro 2 and Surface Pro 3 chargers sold before the 15th of July, 2015 due to the risk of electrical fire.[16]


Surface Pro received mixed reviews from the computer hardware critics. While most praised the convertible nature of the device, which can be used both as a tablet and a laptop, its design and a precise pressure-sensitive pen, the typical complaints were a short battery life, bulkiness compared to traditional ARM-based tablets and excessive heat and fan noise during periods of heavy load.[17][18][19]

With the release of the Surface Pro 4 and Surface Book, cooling issues were resolved. Microsoft engineered the computers to dissipate 60% of their heat through the metal body using a combination of heat pipes and copper sinks. The fans only activate under load, allowing the computer to run cold and silent.


  1. ^ "Manufacturer of Surface". The Register. January 22, 2013. Retrieved January 22, 2013.
  2. ^ "Growing the Surface Family: Surface Windows 8 Pro Availability Confirmed". Microsoft. January 22, 2013. Retrieved January 22, 2013.
  3. ^ "Microsoft Surface Pro gets May UK release date and price". PC Advisor. June 4, 2013. Retrieved June 15, 2013.
  4. ^ ARK | Intel® Core™ i5-3317U Processor (3M Cache, up to 2.60 GHz). Retrieved on 2015-10-09.
  5. ^ Paul Thurrott (21 January 2013). "Microsoft Surface with Windows 8 Pro Preview". Retrieved 23 January 2013.
  6. ^ Microsoft's 64GB Surface Pro will only have 23GB usable storage
  7. ^ "World's Highest Capacity microSD™ Card". Retrieved 12 May 2015.
  8. ^ "Help me choose which Windows tablet is best for me". Retrieved October 16, 2012.
  9. ^ Microsoft Surface Pro review | The Verge
  10. ^ a b c "Microsoft Announces Surface: New Family of PCs for Windows". 18 June 2012. Retrieved 2 June 2015.
  11. ^ "Microsoft Grows Surface Family". 22 January 2013. Retrieved 2 June 2015.
  12. ^ Martin, Chris (16 May 2013). "Microsoft Surface Pro gets May UK release date and price". Retrieved 2 June 2015.
  13. ^ "Microsoft announces Surface Pro 2 with updated kickstand and Haswell processor". The Verge. Retrieved 2015-07-16.
  14. ^ "Surface Pro with Windows 8 Pro - Fact Sheet". February 2013. Retrieved 2015-07-16.
  15. ^ "Using the Pro Pen". Retrieved 3 June 2015.
  16. ^ Page, Carly (4 February 2016). "Surface Pro charger recall follows 56 reports of fiery cables". The Inquirer. Retrieved 21 January 2018.
  17. ^ Branscombe, Mary (14 July 2014). "Microsoft Surface Pro review". Retrieved 3 June 2015.
  18. ^ Stein, Scott (14 October 2014). "Microsoft Surface Pro review: Smart almost-laptop nearly gets it right". Retrieved 3 June 2015.
  19. ^ Lal Shimpi, Anand (5 February 2013). "Microsoft Surface Pro Review". Retrieved 3 June 2015.

External links

Preceded by
Surface Pro
1st generation
Succeeded by
Surface Pro 2
2-in-1 PC

A 2-in-1 PC, also known as a 2-in-1 tablet, 2-in-1 laptop, 2-in-1 detachable, laplet, tabtop, laptop tablet, or simply 2-in-1, is a portable computer that has features of both tablets and laptops.

Before the emergence of 2-in-1s and their denomination as such, technology journalists used the words convertible and hybrid to denominate pre-2-in-1 portable computers: Convertible typically denominated those that featured a mechanism to conceal the physical keyboard by sliding or rotating it behind the chassis, and hybrid those that featured a hot-pluggable, complementary, physical keyboard. Both pre-2-in-1 convertibles and hybrids were crossover devices that combined features of both tablets and laptops. The later 2-in-1 PCs comprise a category that is a sibling to both the pre-2-in-1 convertibles and hybrids. Models of 2-in-1 PC were each similarly denominated either a 2-in-1 convertible or 2-in-1 detachable, respectively, and despite borrowing the terminology of the pre-2-in-1 PCs, the two species of 2-in-1 PCs are distinct from the two species of pre-2-in-1 PCs because 2-in-1 PCs have additional features of traditional laptops.

2-in-1 PCs consist of portable computer components within light and thin chassis, and exemplify technological convergence. They are convenient for media consumption and non-intensive tasks in tablet mode yet useful for content production in laptop mode.

Alcantara (material)

Alcantara® is the coating material with registered trademark, the result of a unique and patented technology, manufactured and marketed by Alcantara SpA . Totally Made in Italy and Carbon Neutral certified, Alcantara® is applied in the design, fashion, accessories, consumer electronics, automotive and in the marine industry.The material was developed in the early 1970s by Miyoshi Okamoto, a scientist working for the Japanese chemical company Toray Industries. It was based on the same technology as another product from the same company named Ultrasuede. Around 1972, a joint venture between Italian chemical company ENI and Toray formed Alcantara SpA in order to manufacture and distribute the material. The company is now owned by Toray and Mitsui.

Alcantara® is produced by combining an advanced spinning process (producing very low denier bi-component "islands in the sea" fiber) and chemical and textile production processes (needle punching, buffing, impregnation, extraction, finishing, dyeing, etc.) which interact with each other.

List of Surface accessories

The Microsoft Surface touchscreen Windows personal computers and interactive whiteboards designed and developed by Microsoft. Since its release in 2012, there have been various Surface accessories over the years. Most prominently, are the Surface keyboard covers and the Surface Pen, which were both introduced at launch. While the keyboard covers have all been sold independently of the Surface devices, the initial release of the Surface and Surface Pro had bundle options, which bundled the black Touch Cover. The Surface Pen has been included with all Surface line and Surface Pro line devices up until the release of the fifth-generation Surface Pro, where Microsoft decided to unbundle the Surface Pen.

Microsoft Surface

Microsoft Surface is a series of touchscreen personal computers and interactive whiteboards running the Microsoft Windows operating system designed and developed by Microsoft. The devices are manufactured by Pegatron and are designed to be premium devices that set examples to Windows OEMs. It comprises six generations of hybrid tablets, 2-in-1 detachable notebooks, a convertible desktop all-in-one, an interactive whiteboard, and various accessories all with unique form factors. With the exception of the first-generation Surface and Surface 2, all Surface PCs use Intel processors and are compatible with Microsoft's Windows 10 operating system.

The Surface family features six main lines of devices:

The Surface line of hybrid tablets, with optional detachable keyboard accessories, and optional stylus pen. The latest model, the Surface Go, uses an Intel Pentium Gold 4415Y SoC processor.

The Surface Pro is a line of hybrid tablets, with similar, optional detachable keyboard accessories and optional stylus pen. The latest model, the Surface Pro 6, has an 8th generation Intel Core series processor.

The Surface Laptop, a notebook with a 13.5-inch non-detachable touchscreen. The original device runs Windows 10 S by default; however, it can be upgraded to Windows 10 Pro. Starting with the Surface Laptop 2, the regular Home and Pro editions are used.

The Surface Book, a notebook with a detachable tablet screen. The base is configurable with or without discrete graphics and an independently operable tablet screen, on which the optional stylus pen functions. The stylus pen is sold separately from the latest Surface Book model.

The Surface Studio, a 28-inch all-in-one desktop that adjusts into a digital drafting table with stylus and on-screen Surface Dial support.

The Surface Hub, a touch screen interactive whiteboard designed for collaboration.

Mini DisplayPort

The Mini DisplayPort (MiniDP or mDP) is a miniaturized version of the DisplayPort audio-visual digital interface.

It was announced by Apple in October 2008. As of 2013, all new Apple Macintosh computers had the port, as did the LED Cinema Display. However, in 2016 Apple began phasing out the port and replacing it with the new USB-C connector. The Mini DisplayPort is also fitted to some PC motherboards, and some PC notebooks from Asus, Microsoft, MSI, Lenovo, Toshiba, HP, Dell, and other manufacturers.

Unlike its Mini-DVI and Micro-DVI predecessors, the Mini DisplayPort can drive display devices with resolutions up to 2560×1600 (WQXGA) in its DisplayPort 1.1a implementation, and 4096×2160 (4K) in its DisplayPort 1.2 implementation. With an adapter, the Mini DisplayPort can drive display devices with VGA, DVI, or HDMI interfaces.Apple offers a free license for the Mini DisplayPort but they reserve the right to cancel the license should the licensee "commence an action for patent infringement against Apple".

Surface (2012 tablet)

The first-generation Surface (launched as Surface with Windows RT, later marketed as Surface RT) is a hybrid tablet computer developed and manufactured by Microsoft. Announced on June 18, 2012, it was released on October 26, 2012, and was the first ever personal computer designed in-house by Microsoft.

Positioned as a direct competitor to Apple's iPad line, Surface included several notable features, including a folding kickstand, which allowed the tablet to stand at an angle, and the ability to attach optional protective covers that incorporated keyboards. Surface served as the launch device for Windows RT, a variation of Windows 8 that was designed for devices based on ARM architecture. Windows RT contains notable differences and limitations compared to Windows 8, including several removed features, being bundled with a special edition of Microsoft Office 2013 Home & Student, and, besides software included with the operating system, being incompatible with desktop software that runs on Windows 8 for personal computers and tablets with Intel compatible processors. Windows RT can only run Metro-style apps obtained from Windows Store. However visually resembling Surface Pro 2-in-1 detachable, Surface is not considered a 2-in-1 PC, being in fact a variant of a hybrid tablet.Surface was met with mixed reviews. Although praised for its hardware design, accessories, and aspects of its operating system, criticism was directed towards the performance of the device, as well as the limitations of the Windows RT operating system and its application ecosystem. Sales of the Surface were poor, with Microsoft cutting its price worldwide and taking a US$990 million loss in July 2013 as a result. It was succeeded by the Surface 2 in 2013, which comes with the newer RT 8.1 OS. The original Surface has also since received this update, and support for it and the Surface 2 will end in 2023.

Surface 2

Surface 2 is a Surface-series Windows RT hybrid tablet computer created by Microsoft. It was unveiled on September 23, 2013, and released on October 22, 2013 and is the successor to the original Surface. As of January 2015, Microsoft no longer manufactures Surface 2, but will provide security updates for the device until 2023.

Surface 3

Surface 3 is a 2-in-1 detachable from the Microsoft Surface series, unveiled by Microsoft on 31 March 2015 and released on 5 May 2015. Unlike its predecessor, the Surface 2, Surface 3 utilizes an x86 Intel Atom system-on-chip architecture, or SoC, rather than a processor with ARM architecture such as the Nvidia Tegra that powered the Surface 2, and runs Windows 10.

Surface Book

The Surface Book is a 2-in-1 PC designed and produced by Microsoft, part of the company's Surface line of personal computing devices. Surface Book is distinguished from other Surface devices primarily by its full-sized, detachable keyboard, which uses a dynamic fulcrum hinge that expands when it is opened. The keyboard contains a second battery, a number of ports and an optional discrete graphics card used when the screen part, also dubbed as the clipboard by Microsoft, is docked to it. Contrary to Surface Pro devices, which are marketed as tablets, the Surface Book is marketed as a laptop, Microsoft's first device marketed as such.

Surface Laptop

The Surface Laptop is a laptop designed and produced by Microsoft as part of the company's Surface line of personal computing devices.

Surface Laptop 2

The Surface Laptop 2 is a Surface-series Laptop produced by Microsoft. Unveiled at an event in New York City on October 2, 2018, and alongside the Surface Pro 6 released on October 16, 2018, it succeeds the Surface Laptop released in June 2017. While maintaining a design similar to the original design of its predecessor, the Surface Laptop 2 has improved hardware specifications compared to it, an increased number of storage options and a new matte black color.

Surface Pen

The Surface Pen is an active stylus and digital pen developed by Microsoft for its series of Surface computing devices. It is designed to showcase the pen computing capabilities of Microsoft's Windows 8/8.1 and Windows 10 operating systems.

Surface Pro (2017)

The fifth-generation Surface Pro (marketed as the Surface Pro, referred to as Surface Pro 1796 on Microsoft's support site, colloquially referred to as the Surface Pro 2017) is a Surface-series 2-in-1 detachable hybrid notebook computer, designed, developed, marketed, and produced by Microsoft. The Surface Pro was announced on May 23, 2017 at a public event held in Shanghai, China. The device launched in 26 different markets on June 15.

Surface Pro 2

The Surface Pro 2 is a Surface-series 2-in-1 detachable produced by Microsoft. Unveiled at an event in New York City on September 23, 2013 and released on October 22, 2013, it succeeds the Surface Pro released in February 2013. While maintaining a design similar to the original design of its predecessor, the Surface Pro 2 has improved hardware specifications compared to it, such as a Haswell Intel Core processor and an increased number of storage options, improved versions of the kickstand and cover accessories.

Surface Pro 3

The Surface Pro 3 is the third-generation Surface-series 2-in-1 detachable, designed, developed, marketed, and produced by Microsoft, which originally ran the Windows 8 Pro operating system (OS), but the optional upgrade to Windows 10 Pro (OS) operating system was later added.

Surface Pro 4

The Surface Pro 4 is the fourth-generation Surface-series 2-in-1 detachable, designed, developed, marketed, and produced by Microsoft. The Surface Pro 4 was announced on October 6, 2015 alongside the Surface Book. In the U.S. and Canada, the Surface Pro 4 was released on October 26, 2015.

The Surface Pro 4 is an update over its predecessor, featuring Skylake CPUs, more RAM and SSD options and a 12.3-inch display with a greater resolution. At the same time, the device is compatible with most of its predecessor's accessories.

The device's successor, the 2017 Surface Pro, was announced in May 2017, ahead of a release the following month.

Surface Pro 6

The Surface Pro 6 is a 2-in-1 detachable tablet computer developed by Microsoft. It is the sixth generation of Surface Pro and was announced alongside the Surface Laptop 2 on October 2, 2018 at an event in New York. It was released on October 16, 2018.

Tablet computer

A tablet computer, commonly shortened to tablet, is a mobile device, typically with a mobile operating system and touchscreen display processing circuitry, and a rechargeable battery in a single thin, flat package. Tablets, being computers, do what other personal computers do, but lack some input/output (I/O) abilities that others have. Modern tablets largely resemble modern smartphones, the only differences being that tablets are relatively larger than smartphones, with screens 7 inches (18 cm) or larger, measured diagonally, and may not support access to a cellular network.

The touchscreen display is operated by gestures executed by finger or digital pen (stylus), instead of the mouse, trackpad, and keyboard of larger computers. Portable computers can be classified according to the presence and appearance of physical keyboards. Two species of tablet, the slate and booklet, do not have physical keyboards and usually accept text and other input by use of a virtual keyboard shown on their touchscreen displays. To compensate for their lack of a physical keyboard, most tablets can connect to independent physical keyboards by wireless Bluetooth or USB; 2-in-1 PCs have keyboards, distinct from tablets.

The form of the tablet was conceptualized in the middle of the 20th century (Stanley Kubrick depicted fictional tablets in the 1968 science fiction film 2001: A Space Odyssey) and prototyped and developed in the last two decades of that century. In 2010, Apple released the iPad, the first mass-market tablet to achieve widespread popularity. Thereafter tablets rapidly rose in ubiquity and soon became a large product category used for personal, educational and workplace applications, with sales stabilizing in the mid-2010s.

Windows RT

Windows RT is a discontinued mobile operating system developed by Microsoft. It is an edition of Windows 8.x built for the 32-bit ARM architecture (ARMv7). First unveiled in January 2011 at Consumer Electronics Show, the Windows 8 RT operating system was officially launched alongside Windows 8 on October 26, 2012, with the release of three Windows RT-based devices, including Microsoft's original Surface tablet. Unlike Windows 8, Windows RT is only available as preloaded software on devices specifically designed for the operating system by original equipment manufacturers (OEMs).

Microsoft intended for devices with Windows RT to take advantage of the architecture's power efficiency to allow for longer battery life, to use system-on-chip (SoC) designs to allow for thinner devices and to provide a "reliable" experience over time. In comparison to other mobile operating systems, Windows RT also supports a relatively large number of existing USB peripherals and accessories and includes a version of Microsoft Office 2013 optimized for ARM devices as pre-loaded software. However, while Windows RT inherits the appearance and functionality of Windows 8, it has a number of limitations; it can only execute software that is digitally signed by Microsoft (which includes pre-loaded software and Windows Store apps), and it lacks certain developer-oriented features.

Windows RT was released to mixed reviews from various outlets and critics. Some felt that Windows RT devices had advantages over other mobile platforms (such as iOS or Android) because of its bundled software and the ability to use a wider variety of USB peripherals and accessories, but the platform was criticized for its poor software ecosystem, citing the early stage of Windows Store and its incompatibility with existing Windows software, and other limitations over Windows 8.

Critics and analysts deemed Windows RT to be commercially unsuccessful, citing these limitations, its unclear, uncompetitive position of sitting as an underpowered system between Windows Phone and Windows 8, and the introduction of Windows 8 devices with battery life and functionality that met or exceeded that of Windows RT devices. Improvements to Intel's mobile processors, along with a decision by Microsoft to remove OEM license fees for Windows on devices with screens smaller than 9 inches, spurred a market for low-end Wintel tablets running the full Windows 8 platform. These devices largely cannibalized Windows RT; vendors began phasing out their Windows RT devices due to poor sales, and less than a year after its release, Microsoft suffered a US$900 million loss that was largely blamed on poor sales of the ARM-based Surface tablet and unsold stock.

Only two more Windows RT devices, Microsoft's Surface 2 and the Nokia Lumia 2520 in late-2013, were released outside of the five original launch devices, and no Windows RT counterpart of the Surface Pro 3 was released due to a re-positioning of the Surface line into a high-end market, and a switch to Intel architecture for the Surface 3. These developments left Microsoft's future support of the platform in doubt. As of February 2015, with the end of production for both Surface 2 and Lumia 2520, Microsoft and its subsidiaries no longer manufacture any Windows RT devices.There is no upgrade path to Windows 10 for devices running Windows RT. Windows 10 Mobile, based on Windows Phone, was unveiled for use on future tablets and smartphones with ARM architecture. Subsequently, Microsoft announced that it would also support the desktop version of Windows 10 on ARM architecture devices (particularly laptops), with emulation of the IA-32 architecture to enable compatibility with existing software.

Windows 10
Windows RT

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