Superhero comics

Superhero comics are one of the most common genres of American comic books. The genre rose to prominence in the 1930s and became extremely popular in the 1940s and has remained the dominant form of comic book in North America since the 1960s. Superhero comics feature stories about superheroes and the universes these characters inhabit.

Beginning with the introduction of Superman in 1938 in Action Comics #1 — an anthology of adventure features — comic books devoted to superheroes (heroic people with extraordinary or superhuman abilities and skills, or god-like powers and attributes) ballooned into a widespread genre, coincident with the beginnings of World War II and the end of the Great Depression.

Superhero comics
Front cover, "Wow Comics" no. 38 (art by Jack Binder)
Cover of Wow Comics 38 (September/October 1941)
 
This topic covers comics that fall under the Superhero genre.
PublishersDC Comics
Marvel Comics
Image Comics
Valiant Comics
Charlton Comics
PublicationsSuperman
Batman
The Amazing Spider-Man
Watchmen
Astro City
CreatorsJack Kirby
Stan Lee
Dennis O'Neil
Alan Moore
Steve Ditko
Series"The Death of Superman"
"Gods and Mortals"
"Days of Future Past"
"The Night Gwen Stacy Died"
"Snowbirds Don't Fly"
Related articles
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Magical girl
Superpower (ability)
Tokusatsu
Women in Refrigerators

Precursors

In comics format, superpowered and costumed heroes like Popeye and The Phantom had appeared in newspaper comic strips for several years prior to Superman. The masked detective The Clock first appeared in the comic book Funny Pages #6 (Nov. 1936).

The Golden Age (c. 1938 – c. 1950)

In the Great Depression and World War II era the first Superhero Comics appeared, the most popular being Superman, Batman, Captain Marvel, Wonder Woman and Captain America.

Decline

After World War II superhero comic books gradually declined in popularity, their sales hindered in part by the publication of Seduction of the Innocent and the investigations of The Senate Subcommittee hearings on juvenile delinquency. By 1954 only three superheroes still had their own titles; Superman and Batman, who also costarred in World's Finest Comics, and Wonder Woman.[1]

The Silver Age (c.1956 – c. 1970)

Beginning in the 1950s, DC began publishing revised versions of their 1940s superhero characters such as The Flash and Green Lantern with more of a science fiction focus. Marvel Comics followed suit in the 1960s, introducing characters such as Spider-Man, the Fantastic Four, the Hulk, Thor, the X-Men and Iron Man who featured more complex personalities which had more dramatic potential.

The Bronze Age (c. 1970 – c. 1985)

Superhero Comics became much more political and dealt with social issues such as the short-lived run of Green Lantern/Green Arrow by Denny O'Neil and Neal Adams and the Captain America story arc of the superhero's political disillusionment by Steve Englehart. This was eventually supplanted by more sophisticated character driven titles of The Uncanny X-Men by Chris Claremont and John Byrne for Marvel and The New Teen Titans by Marv Wolfman and George Pérez for DC. Anti-Hero becomes popular with appearances of the Punisher, Wolverine, Ghost Rider and a 1980s revival of Daredevil by Frank Miller.

The Modern Age (c. 1985–present)

Superhero Comics became darker with the release of landmark deconstructive works such as Watchmen and The Dark Knight Returns, which led to many imitations. In the 1990s, Image Comics released successful new characters including the Anti-Hero Spawn which were predominantly creator owned as opposed to Marvel and DC's which were corporate owned. The Comic Book Mini Series Kingdom Come brought an end to the popularity of the Anti-Hero and encouraged instead a reconstruction of the genre with superhero characters that endeavored to combine artistic and literary sophistication with idealism

See also

References

  1. ^ Wonder Woman Unbound: The Curious History of the World's Most Famous Heroine
  • Benton, Mike (1991). Superhero Comics of the Silver Age: The Illustrated History. Taylor History of Comics. Taylor Publishing. p. 226. ISBN 0-87833-746-6.
  • Benton, Mike (1992). Superhero Comics of the Golden Age: The Illustrated History. Taylor History of Comics. Taylor Publishing. p. 202. ISBN 0-87833-808-X.
  • Garrett, Greg (2007). Holy Superheroes!: Exploring the Sacred in Comics, Graphic Novels, and Film. Westminster John Knox Press. p. 216. ISBN 0-664-23191-8.
  • Howe, Sean 2012). Marvel Comics: the Untold Story. First ed. New York: Harper. 485 p. ISBN 978-0-06-199210-0
  • Jacobs, Will and Gerard Jones (1985). The Comic Book Superheroes, from the Silver Age to the Present. New York: Crown Publishers. xi, 292 p. ISBN 0-517-55440-2
  • Klock, Geoff (2002). How to Read Superhero Comics and Why. Continuum International Publishing Group. p. 204. ISBN 0-8264-1418-4.
  • Knowles, Christopher (2007). Our Gods Wear Spandex: The Secret History of Comic Book Heroes. Illustrated by Joseph Michael Linsner. Weiser. p. 256. ISBN 1-57863-406-7.
  • LoCicero, Don (2007). Superheroes and Gods: A Comparative Study from Babylonia to Batman. McFarland & Company. p. 249. ISBN 0-7864-3184-9.
Backstreet Project

Backstreet Project is an American comic book created by Nick Carter and Stan Lee. The comic features members of Carter's band the Backstreet Boys as themselves as well as a team of superheroes called "Cyber Crusaders". The book was available for purchase at their concerts and online stores in 2000–2001.

Batman/Hellboy/Starman

Batman/Hellboy/Starman is a DC Comics/Dark Horse Comics two-issue intercompany crossover comic book miniseries written by James Robinson with art by Mike Mignola published January to February 1999 featuring fictional heroes Batman, Hellboy and Starman.

DC Comics Two Thousand

DC Comics Two Thousand, also known as DC Two Thousand and DC 2000, is a two-issue miniseries by DC Comics in which the Justice League of America and the Justice Society of America team up, via time travel, to stop the attempts of T. O. Morrow to alter the present by changing the past. The two issues of the series were released in January and February 2000, in prestige format.

Justice League United

Justice League United or JLU, is a fictional superhero team that appears in comic books published by DC Comics. The team was created by Jeff Lemire and Mike McKone. First appearing in their eponymous series, Justice League United #0 (published in April 2014 and cover-dated June 2014), the team features Animal Man, Equinox, Green Arrow, Martian Manhunter, Stargirl, Supergirl, Adam Strange and his partner Alanna Lewis. The team forms in the aftermath of "Forever Evil", following the disbandment of the United States Government-sanctioned Justice League of America.

Moon Girl (EC Comics)

Moon Girl (Clare Lune) is a fictional character published by EC Comics. Created by Max Gaines, Gardner Fox and Sheldon Moldoff. Moon Girl is a character from the Golden Age of Comic Books and has since slipped into the public domain.

Silver Star (comics)

Silver Star is an American comic book superhero series created, written, and drawn by Jack Kirby, first published by Pacific Comics in 1983. Featuring a title character who becomics super-powered due to genetic mutation, the series continued Kirby's run of creator-owned work. Reprints of the original series and new stories based on it have subsequrently been published by other comic book companies.

Stan Lee Meets...

Stan Lee Meets... was a limited series published by Marvel Comics in which comic book writer Stan Lee meets one of the characters he has created in each issue. The series was written by Stan Lee himself and was released to celebrate his 65th year as a Marvel Comics employee. The series is noted for its tongue-in-cheek humor and the comic book characters' general dislike of Stan Lee. Over the course of the five issues, Lee meets Spider-Man, The Thing, Doctor Doom, Doctor Strange, and the Silver Surfer. Each issue also contained reprints of issues from each character's respective comic. Special issue in which Lee meets Professor X and Magneto (X-Men: The Unlikely Saga of Xavier, Magneto and Stan) was included with the DVD edition of X-Men: The Last Stand.

Starborn

Starborn (Benjamin Warner) is a fictional character, a superhero that appears in comic books published by Boom! Studios. The character was created by writer-editor Stan Lee with Chris Roberson and Khary Randolph. The character first appeared in Starborn #1 (December 2010).

X-Men Black

X-Men Black is a comic book anthology series, with stories starring villains from the X-Men comics.

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