Super Bowl XXII

Super Bowl XXII was an American football game between the National Football Conference (NFC) champion Washington Redskins and American Football Conference (AFC) champion Denver Broncos to decide the National Football League (NFL) champion for the 1987 season. The Redskins defeated the Broncos by the score of 42–10, winning their second Super Bowl. The game was played on January 31, 1988 at Jack Murphy Stadium in San Diego, the first time that the Super Bowl was played in that city.

This Super Bowl came at the end of a season that was shortened by a players' strike. Each team only missed one regular season game due to the labor dispute, but three games were played mostly with replacement players until the dispute was settled. The Broncos were making their second consecutive (and third overall) Super Bowl appearance, after posting a 10–4–1 regular season record, largely through the strength of their quarterback, John Elway. The Redskins, who were making their fourth Super Bowl appearance, posted an 11–4 regular season record. Washington was led by quarterback Doug Williams, who entered the season as a backup, and was 0-2 as a starter during the regular season. He ended up leading Washington to their two playoff victories. In doing so, he became the first African American quarterback ever to start in an NFL league championship game, let alone a Super Bowl.

After trailing 10–0 at the end of the first quarter of Super Bowl XXII, the Redskins scored 42 unanswered points, including a record-breaking 35 points in the second quarter, and setting several other Super Bowl records. Williams, who was named the Super Bowl MVP, completed 18 of 29 passes for a Super Bowl record 340 yards and four touchdowns, with one interception. He also became the first player in Super Bowl history to pass for four touchdowns in a single quarter, and four in a half. And thus Williams became the first African American starting quarterback to also win a Super Bowl.[5]

Super Bowl XXII
Super Bowl XXII Logo
Washington Redskins (3)
(NFC)
(11–4)
Denver Broncos (1)
(AFC)
(10–4–1)
42 10
Head coach:
Joe Gibbs
Head coach:
Dan Reeves
1234 Total
WAS 03507 42
DEN 10000 10
DateJanuary 31, 1988
StadiumJack Murphy Stadium, San Diego, California
MVPDoug Williams, quarterback
FavoriteBroncos by 3[1][2]
RefereeBob McElwee
Attendance73,302[3]
Current/Future Hall of Famers
Redskins: Bobby Beathard (general manager), Joe Gibbs (coach), Darrell Green, Russ Grimm, Art Monk
Broncos: Pat Bowlen (owner), John Elway
Ceremonies
National anthemHerb Alpert
Coin tossDon Hutson
Halftime showChubby Checker and The Rockettes
TV in the United States
NetworkABC
AnnouncersAl Michaels, Frank Gifford, and Dan Dierdorf
Nielsen ratings41.9
(est. 80.14 million viewers)[4]
Market share62
Cost of 30-second commercial$645,000

Background

NFL owners voted to award Super Bowl XXII to San Diego on May 24, 1984 during their May 23–25, 1984 meetings in Washington, D.C. This was the first Super Bowl played at Jack Murphy Stadium (now currently known as SDCCU Stadium) in San Diego, California.

Fourteen cities were part of the bidding process, which was scheduled to award four Super Bowls (XXI, XXII, XXIII, and XXIV).[6] The bidding cities included: Anaheim, Detroit, Houston, Jacksonville, Miami, Minneapolis, New Orleans, Pasadena, Philadelphia, San Francisco, San Diego, Seattle, Tampa, and Tempe.[6] The Philadelphia host committee assembled what was considered a strong, but long-shot bid, hoping to win the first outdoor Super Bowl in a cold weather city.[7] Jacksonville and Tempe had no NFL team at the time; the Jacksonville Jaguars were founded in 1993 and did not start play until 1995, while the Cardinals moved from St. Louis to Tempe in 1988.

After the balloting for XXI took over two hours to complete,[7] XXII was also voted on, but the voting for XXIII and XXIV was postponed. San Diego was awarded the game, marking the second time consecutive Super Bowls were played in the same state, with Pasadena hosting Super Bowl XXI. This has now happened three times in NFL history; Super Bowls II and III were both played at the Miami Orange Bowl and Super Bowls XLIII and XLIV were played in Florida (at Raymond James Stadium in Tampa and Hard Rock Stadium in Miami Gardens).

Washington Redskins

The primary storyline surrounding Super Bowl XXII was that Washington's Doug Williams was the first African-American quarterback ever to start in a NFL league championship game, let alone a Super Bowl. This was even more meaningful given that the Redskins had once been among the league's most racist teams, being the last team to sign a black player after they reentered the league.

1988 Redskins Police - 15 Barry Wilburn (crop)
Redskins cornerback Barry Wilburn was a key player in Washington's defensive unit, who snagged two interceptions during Super Bowl XXII.

Williams had taken a rather unconventional route to the Super Bowl. He began his career as the first round draft pick of the Tampa Bay Buccaneers in 1978. After five seasons (including a trip to the NFC championship game in 1979), a contract dispute caused him to leave the team and sign with the Oklahoma Outlaws of the newly formed USFL. When that league folded a few years later, Williams found himself out of a job until Redskins coach Joe Gibbs asked him to join the team to be the backup for quarterback Jay Schroeder. Williams played just one game in 1986, and spent most of the 1987 season on the bench. But injuries and inconsistent play from Schroeder made Gibbs promote Williams to starting quarterback.

Williams had played extremely well in his five regular season games, passing for 1,156 yards, 11 touchdowns and five interceptions. The Redskins' main receiving threat was wide receiver Gary Clark, who caught 56 passes for 1,066 yards, an average of 19 yards per catch. Wide receivers Ricky Sanders and Art Monk were also deep threats, combining for 80 receptions and 1,130 yards. Running back George Rogers was Washington's leading rusher with 613 yards. However, Rogers saw limited action in Super Bowl XXII due to injuries that later forced him into early retirement. Rookie running back Timmy Smith started in his place. Fullback Kelvin Bryant also was a big contributor, rushing for 406 yards, and catching 43 passes for 490 yards during the 1987 season.

The Redskins also had an excellent defensive unit, led by defensive backs Barry Wilburn, who recorded nine interceptions for 135 return yards and one touchdown; Todd Bowles, who intercepted four passes; and Darrell Green. Their line was anchored by defensive ends Charles Mann, who led the team with 9.5 sacks and recovered a fumble; and Dexter Manley, who recorded 8.5 sacks.

The Redskins finished the 1987 strike-shortened regular season as NFC East champions with an 11–4 record and the third seed in the NFC playoffs.

Denver Broncos

The Broncos advanced to their second consecutive Super Bowl, overall the third appearance in team history. Quarterback John Elway had another excellent season, passing for 3,198 yards and 19 touchdowns. He was also the team's second leading rusher with 304 yards and three touchdowns. Wide receivers Vance Johnson and Ricky Nattiel, and tight end Clarence Kay, combined for 104 receptions and 1,754 yards. Running back Sammy Winder was the leading rusher with 741 yards and six touchdowns, while fullback Gene Lang rushed for 304 yards and caught 17 receptions. The Broncos also possessed a solid defensive unit, led by outside linebacker Karl Mecklenburg, who recorded 7 sacks and picked off three passes, and defensive back Mike Harden with four interceptions. Defensive end Rulon Jones led the line with 7 sacks.

The Broncos finished the strike-shortened 1987 season winning the AFC West with a 10–4–1 record and the number one seed in the AFC playoffs. Dan Reeves was the head coach.

Playoffs

The Broncos routed the Houston Oilers in the Divisional round of the playoffs, 34–10, jumping to a 14–0 first-quarter lead off of two quick Oilers turnovers, with Elway completing 14 of 25 passes for 259 yards and two touchdowns in the game. Vance Johnson recorded four catches for 105 yards, including a 55-yard reception to set up Elway's second touchdown pass. However, Johnson was injured during the game; he ended up missing AFC Championship game, and played only sparingly in the Super Bowl.

Denver then won the AFC Championship Game in exciting fashion over the AFC Central champion Cleveland Browns, 38–33 for the second consecutive year. The Broncos seemed to be in control of the game during the first half, taking a 21–3 lead. However, with quarterback Bernie Kosar, Cleveland rallied back and tied the score 31–31 in the fourth quarter. Elway responded with a 20-yard touchdown pass to Sammy Winder, taking the lead back with less than five minutes left in regulation. The Browns took the ball back and drove to the Denver 8-yard line, but the drive ended with a play that became known as The Fumble, resulting in more bad luck in Cleveland professional sports lore: Denver defensive back Jeremiah Castille stripped the football from Browns running back Earnest Byner and recovered the ensuing fumble as Byner was rushing in for the potential tying touchdown, securing the Broncos' win.

Meanwhile, the Redskins had narrow wins in the playoffs. First, they won at Soldier Field against the Chicago Bears, 21–17. The key play was a 52-yard punt return for a touchdown by Redskins defensive back Darrell Green for the go-ahead touchdown. The Bears' Kevin Butler kicked a field goal to close the deficit to 21–17, but the Bears could get no closer. Noteworthy was the Redskins trailed 14–0 early in the game.

The Redskins won a defensive battle against the surprising Minnesota Vikings in the NFC Championship Game, 17–10. The Vikings barely made the playoffs with an 8–7 record during the strike-shortened regular season, but advanced to the NFC championship by winning on the road against the teams with the best records in the NFL, defeating the 12–3 New Orleans Saints 44–10, and the 13–2 San Francisco 49ers 36–24. The experienced Redskins, who had narrowly defeated Minnesota in a 27–24 overtime game during Week 15 of the season, put an end to the Vikings' string of upsets, aided by Williams' go-ahead touchdown pass to wide receiver Gary Clark with five minutes remaining to lead 17–10. Then they sealed the victory with 56 seconds left when a hard hit by Green caused running back Darrin Nelson to drop a potential touchdown catch in the end zone on fourth down and four from the Redskins 6-yard line.

Super Bowl pregame news

Coming into Super Bowl XXII, the Broncos were favored to win (−3 as noted on the NFL Today show by Jimmy "the Greek" Snyder) because most experts thought both teams were equal in terms of talent with Elway presumed to be the superior quarterback to Williams. Elway had won the NFL Most Valuable Player Award and was selected to start for the AFC in the Pro Bowl, while Williams had played just five regular season games in the 1987 season.

Before the game, it was announced that Williams underwent emergency root canal treatment for an abscessed lower right molar the previous night. Team dentist Barry Rudolph said there were no complications, and Williams then was pronounced fit to start.[8]

Broadcasting

The game was broadcast in the United States by ABC with play-by-play announcer Al Michaels and color commentators Frank Gifford and Dan Dierdorf. Keith Jackson hosted the pregame, halftime, and postgame coverage for ABC, joined by analysts Lynn Swann and Mike Adamle as well as then Cleveland Browns head coach Marty Schottenheimer and then Minnesota Vikings head coach Jerry Burns. (Bob Griese was originally supposed to co-host with Jackson, but had to bow out due to a family illness.) Also helping with ABC's coverage were Jack Whitaker, Jim Hill and Becky Dixon. This was the first Super Bowl broadcast on ABC with the broadcast team of Michaels, Gifford, and Dierdorf in the booth (as the 1987 season was the first year the trio was together, with Dierdorf moving to ABC from CBS; Gifford was the only holdover from ABC's Super Bowl XIX telecast). The trio went on to man the booth for ABC's Monday Night Football from 1987 to 1997 and called Super Bowls XXV and XXIX.

It was simulcast in Canada on CTV and in the United Kingdom on Channel 4. It was also the first Super Bowl in which Mexico's Televisa brought a team of its own (instead of relying on the U.S. signal with comments made from Mexico City), airing on its Canal de las Estrellas.

The game was broadcast nationally on radio by CBS, with Jack Buck handling the play-by-play duties and color commentator Hank Stram in the broadcast booth, and Jim Hunter reporting from the sidelines. Brent Musburger anchored the Super Bowl XXII pregame, halftime, and postgame coverage with analysis from Will McDonough and Jimmy Snyder for CBS. Locally, Super Bowl XXII was broadcast on WMAL-AM in Washington, D.C. by Frank Herzog, Sam Huff and Sonny Jurgenson, and on KOA-AM in Denver, Colorado by Bob Martin and Larry Zimmer.

Locally, Super Bowl XXII was shown on WJLA-TV, the Washington, D.C. ABC affiliate and on KUSA-TV, the Denver, Colorado ABC affiliate.

The Wonder Years premiered on ABC immediately following the game. This was only the second successful series to debut following a Super Bowl up to that time (The A-Team, which had premiered following Super Bowl XVII, was the first). The Wonder Years was a late switch by ABC; which had initially scheduled the two-hour premiere of China Beach for the post Super Bowl slot, but concerns about the game running long and potentially pushing the premiere episode's conclusion after midnight contributed to the program change.[9] The NFL Films NFL's Greatest Games highlight film was titled Ambush at Super Bowl XXII; and was the first such highlight film to feature former Boston and Buffalo radio personality Jeff Kaye as its narrator.

Entertainment

The pregame festivities featured a tribute to entertainer Bob Hope, who was approaching the age of 85. Members representing the military service branches marched out onto the field in full dress uniforms, and in unison saluted Bob Hope for his dedication to helping the troops. Trumpeter Herb Alpert performed "The Star-Spangled Banner", while Pro Football Hall of Fame wide receiver Don Hutson participated in the coin toss ceremony (the game happened to coincide with Hutson's 75th birthday). Alpert's performance was the last non-vocal performance of the National Anthem in a Super Bowl to date.

The halftime show, produced by Radio City Music Hall, was titled "Something Grand" and featured performances by vocalist Chubby Checker, The Rockettes, and 88 grand pianos. Among the 44 Radio City Music Hall Rockettes, American performer Jennifer Jones made her national debut as its first African American Rockette. Checker's performance marked the first time a major artist performed during the show.

Game summary

1988 Redskins Police - 10 Raleigh McKenzie (crop)
Redskins guard Raleigh McKenzie covering an opponent on the Broncos during Super Bowl XXII.

First Quarter

Super Bowl XXII started out very well for the Denver Broncos. After forcing Washington to go three-and-out, the Broncos scored on their first play from scrimmage, when quarterback John Elway threw a 56-yard touchdown pass to wide receiver Ricky Nattiel, giving Denver a 7–0 lead after just 1:57 had elapsed in the game. It was the earliest touchdown any team had ever scored in Super Bowl history to that point (the record was later broken by Jerry Rice in Super Bowl XXIX, and again by Devin Hester in Super Bowl XLI). The Broncos quickly forced Washington to punt, and once again Elway displayed his superb scrambling skills. On the second play of Denver's ensuing possession, Elway completed a 32-yard pass to wide receiver Mark Jackson. Then, he caught a 23-yard pass from halfback Steve Sewell, becoming the first quarterback ever to catch a pass in the Super Bowl (Elway had scored a touchdown on that play during opening day the previous year against the Raiders). The Redskins managed to halt Denver's drive on the 6, but kicker Rich Karlis kicked a field goal to increase the Broncos' lead to 10–0.

After yet another Redskins punt, Denver managed to drive to the Washington 30 on their third possession with two runs by Gene Lang for a total of 24 yards and an 18-yard reception by Sewell. But this time they failed to score because Washington safety Alvin Walton sacked Elway for an 18-yard loss on third down, pushing the Broncos out of field goal range.

Meanwhile, the Redskins could not generate any offensive momentum in the first quarter, with the Broncos' defense forcing a punt on every drive. To make matters worse, late in the period, quarterback Doug Williams twisted his back leg while planting to make a throw and had to leave the game. Williams was untouched by a Bronco defender before he dropped the ball while falling to the ground; the referee, however, inadvertently blew his whistle, stopping the play & costing Denver a fumble recovery and an almost certain fumble return touchdown and a 17-0 lead. Backup quarterback Jay Schroeder was sacked by Denver's Karl Mecklenburg on his first snap, continuing the Redskins' offensive woes. By the time the quarter ended, the Broncos had more than twice as many total yards of offense (142) as the Redskins (64). In the previous 21 Super Bowls, no team had ever overcome a 10-point deficit to win.

Second Quarter

Williams returned with 14:17 left in the second quarter, and the Washington offense began to click. And much like they had in the second half of Super Bowl XXI against the New York Giants, the Broncos defense collapsed.

On the Redskins' first play of the second quarter, receiver Ricky Sanders got behind defensive back Mark Haynes (who tried to jam him at the line of scrimmage) and safety Tony Lilly, caught a pass from Williams, and took it 80 yards for a touchdown. After forcing the Broncos to punt on their next possession, Washington advanced to the Denver 27. Facing third-and-one, Williams connected with receiver Gary Clark who made a diving catch in the end zone to give Washington a 14–10 lead.

After the ensuing kickoff, Denver drove to the Washington 26, aided by running back Sammy Winder's 27-yard reception and Elway's 21-yard run. But left tackle Dave Studdard, blocking defensive end Dexter Manley, went down with a knee injury. After Elway threw an incomplete pass on third down, Karlis missed a 43-yard field goal attempt. On the first play of the Redskins' ensuing drive, Williams threw a 16-yard completion to Clark. Then on the next play, running back Timmy Smith, a rookie in his first NFL start, took off for a 58-yard touchdown run, with blocking from guard Raleigh McKenzie and tackle Joe Jacoby, making the score 21–10.[8] Washington's offensive line featuring McKenzie and Jacoby figured greatly in a play known as the Counter Gap, which the Skins ran repeatedly in the game.[10]

The Redskins increased their lead to 28–10 on their next possession with a 50-yard touchdown pass from Williams to Sanders, making him the first player in Super Bowl history to catch two touchdowns in one quarter. Four plays after the ensuing kickoff, Washington defensive back Barry Wilburn intercepted a pass from Elway on the Redskins 21, and once again, the Redskins stormed down the field to score. First, Smith broke loose for a 43-yard run, then Williams completed a pair of passes to Sanders to reach the Denver 7. Two plays later, Williams threw an 8-yard touchdown pass to tight end Clint Didier to make the score 35–10. On Denver's next drive, Elway completed three consecutive passes for 40 total yards to advance to the Redskins 36. However, Washington rookie defensive back Brian Davis intercepted Elway's next pass at the 21 with seven seconds left in the half.

In the second quarter alone, Williams completed 9 of 11 passes for 228 yards and four touchdowns; Smith rushed five times for 122 yards and a touchdown; and Sanders caught five passes for 168 yards and two touchdowns. The Redskins scored 35 points and gained 356 yards in total offense, both Super Bowl records, and scored five touchdowns on 18 total offensive plays.

During the regular season, the Broncos had allowed 35 points for the entire game only once—and it was in that game, a 40-10 loss to the Houston Oilers in Week 4, that they fielded replacement players, with the regular players having gone on strike.

Second Half

By the end of the game, Elway was sacked five times and threw three interceptions, and Washington scored another touchdown on a 68-yard fourth-quarter drive featuring a 25-yard run by Clark on a reverse and three runs by Smith for 43 yards, the last a 4-yard touchdown to bring the game to its final score of 42–10.

Smith finished the game with a Super Bowl record 204 rushing yards, and scored two touchdowns. Sanders caught nine passes for 193 yards and two touchdowns, and returned three kickoffs for 46 yards. His 193 receiving yards and his 235 total offensive yards were both Super Bowl records, and his 80-yard touchdown reception in the second quarter also tied a Super Bowl record. Clark caught three passes for 55 yards and a touchdown, while also rushing once for 25 yards. Wilburn recorded two interceptions, while Walton had two sacks. Meanwhile, running back Gene Lang was the Broncos' leading rusher, with only 38 yards on five carries. Elway finished the game with 14 out of 38 pass completions for 257 yards, one touchdown, and three interceptions. He was also Denver's second-leading rusher with 32 yards on three carries; this was the only Super Bowl in which Elway played without scoring a rushing touchdown. Jackson was Denver's top receiver with four catches for 76 yards.

In 2015, on the occasion of Super Bowl 50, Slate writer Justin Peters watched all the games over a two-month period. He considered Super Bowl XXII to be the best Super Bowl ever, declaring it was, "The most significant Super Bowl ever played. The most unlikely comeback from the most unlikely quarterback, Doug Williams, who led his team to score 35 points in the second quarter: a single-quarter Super Bowl scoring record that still stands!"[11]

Box score

Final statistics

Sources: NFL.com Super Bowl XXII, Super Bowl XXII Play Finder Was, Super Bowl XXII Play Finder Den

Statistical comparison

Washington Redskins Denver Broncos
First downs 25 18
First downs rushing 13 6
First downs passing 11 10
First downs penalty 1 2
Third down efficiency 9/15 2/12
Fourth down efficiency 0/0 0/0
Net yards rushing 280 97
Rushing attempts 40 17
Yards per rush 7.0 5.7
Passing – Completions/attempts 18/30 15/39
Times sacked-total yards 2–18 5–50
Interceptions thrown 1 3
Net yards passing 322 230
Total net yards 602 327
Punt returns-total yards 1–0 2–18
Kickoff returns-total yards 3–46 5–88
Interceptions-total return yards 3–11 1–0
Punts-average yardage 4–37.5 7–36.1
Fumbles-lost 1–0 0–0
Penalties-total yards 6–65 5–26
Time of possession 33:15 26:45
Turnovers 1 3

Individual statistics

Redskins Passing
C/ATT1 Yds TD INT Rating
Doug Williams 18/29 340 4 1 127.9
Jay Schroeder 0/1 0 0 0 39.6
Redskins Rushing
Car2 Yds TD LG3 Yds/Car
Timmy Smith 22 204 2 58 9.27
Kelvin Bryant 8 38 0 15 4.75
Gary Clark 1 25 0 25 25.00
George Rogers 5 17 0 5 3.40
Keith Griffin 1 2 0 2 2.00
Doug Williams 2 –2 0 1 –1.00
Ricky Sanders 1 –4 0 –4 –4.00
Redskins Receiving
Rec4 Yds TD LG3 Target5
Ricky Sanders 9 193 2 80 11
Gary Clark 3 55 1 27 9
Don Warren 2 15 0 9 4
Art Monk 1 40 0 40 1
Kelvin Bryant 1 20 0 20 3
Timmy Smith 1 9 0 9 1
Clint Didier 1 8 1 8 1
Broncos Passing
C/ATT1 Yds TD INT Rating
John Elway 14/38 257 1 3 36.8
Steve Sewell 1/1 23 0 0 118.8
Broncos Rushing
Car2 Yds TD LG3 Yds/Car
Gene Lang 5 38 0 13 7.60
John Elway 3 32 0 21 10.67
Sammy Winder 8 30 0 13 3.75
Steve Sewell 1 –3 0 –3 –3.00
Broncos Receiving
Rec4 Yds TD LG3 Target5
Mark Jackson 4 76 0 32 6
Steve Sewell 4 41 0 18 9
Ricky Nattiel 2 69 1 56 11
Clarence Kay 2 38 0 27 3
Sammy Winder 1 26 0 26 3
John Elway 1 23 0 23 1
Gene Lang 1 7 0 7 2
Vance Johnson 0 0 0 0 3
Tony Boddie 0 0 0 0 1

1Completions/attempts 2Carries 3Long gain 4Receptions 5Times targeted

Records Set

The following records were set in Super Bowl XXII, according to the official NFL.com boxscore[13] and the ProFootball reference.com game summary.[14]

Player Records Set [14]
Most passing yards, game 340 yds Doug Williams (Washington)
Most rushing yards, game 204 yds Timmy Smith (Washington)
Most receiving yards, game 193 yds Ricky Sanders (Washington)
Most combined yardage gained, game 235 yds
Most (one point) extra points, game 6 Ali Haji-Sheikh (Washington)
Records Tied
Longest pass 80 yds (TD) Doug Williams (Washington)
Most touchdown passes, game 4
Most rushing touchdowns, game 2 Timmy Smith (Washington)
Longest Reception 80 yds (TD) Ricky Sanders (Washington)
Most receiving touchdowns, game 2
Most kickoff returns, career 8 Ken Bell (Denver)
Most field goals attempted, career 6 Rich Karlis (Denver)
  • † Combined yardage category includes rushing, receiving, interception returns, punt returns, kickoff returns, and fumble returns.[15]
Team Records Set [14]
Most points scored, first half 35 pts Redskins
Most points scored in
any quarter of play
35 pts (2nd)
Most points, second quarter 35 pts
Largest halftime margin 25 pts
Largest deficit a team overcame to win 10 pts
Most touchdowns, quarter 5
Most touchdowns, game 6
Most (one point) PATs, game 6
Most net yards,
rushing and passing
602 yds
Most rushing yards (net) 280 yds
Total offensive yards in a quarter[16] 356 yds
Records Tied
Most passing touchdowns 4 Redskins
Most consecutive Super Bowl losses 2 Broncos
Fewest rushing touchdowns 0
Fewest points, second half 0 pts
Records Set, both team totals [14]
Total Redskins Broncos
Most points scored, first half 45 pts 35 10
Most points, second quarter 35 pts 35 0
Fewest points scored, second half 7 pts 7 0
Most net yards,
rushing and passing
929 yds 602 327
Most rushing yards (net) 377 yds 280 97
Records tied, both team totals
Fewest fumbles lost 0 0 0

Starting lineups

Source:[17]

Washington Position Position Denver
Offense
Gary Clark WR Mark Jackson
Joe Jacoby LT Dave Studdard
Raleigh McKenzie LG Keith Bishop
Jeff Bostic C Mike Freeman
R. C. Thielemann RG Stefan Humphries
Mark May RT Ken Lanier
Clint Didier TE Clarence Kay
Ricky Sanders WR Ricky Nattiel
Doug Williams QB John Elway
Don Warren TE FB Gene Lang
Timmy Smith RB Sammy Winder
Defense
Charles Mann LE Andre Townsend
Dave Butz LT NT Greg Kragen
Darryl Grant RT RE Rulon Jones
Dexter Manley RE LOLB Simon Fletcher
Mel Kaufman LLB LILB Karl Mecklenburg
Neal Olkewicz MLB RILB Ricky Hunley
Monte Coleman RLB ROLB Jim Ryan
Darrell Green LCB Mark Haynes
Barry Wilburn RCB Steve Wilson
Alvin Walton SS Dennis Smith
Todd Bowles FS Tony Lilly
Special Teams
Ali Haji-Sheikh K Rich Karlis
Steve Cox P Mike Horan

Officials

  • Referee: Bob McElwee #95 first Super Bowl on field; alternate for XVII
  • Umpire: Al Conway #27 fourth Super Bowl (IX, XIV, XVI)
  • Head Linesman: Dale Hamer #104 second Super Bowl (XVII)
  • Line Judge: Jack Fette #39 fifth Super Bowl (V, VIII, X, XIII)
  • Back Judge: Al Jury #106 second Super Bowl (XX)
  • Side Judge: Don Wedge #28 first Super Bowl
  • Field Judge: Johnny Grier #23 first and only Super Bowl
  • Alternate Referee: Jerry Markbreit #9 alternate for XIX; four Super Bowls (XVII, XXI, XXVI, XXIX) on field
  • Alternate Umpire: Ben Montgomery #117 did not work Super Bowl on field

Following this game, Johnny Grier was promoted to referee, becoming the first African-American to lead an NFL officiating crew.

In addition to Grier, Dale Hamer was promoted to referee in 1989. Don Wedge was a referee from 1976 to 1978 before becoming a side judge in 1979.

Jack Fette retired following this game and became a replay official.

References

  1. ^ DiNitto, Marcus (January 25, 2015). "Super Bowl Betting History – Underdogs on Recent Roll". The Linemakers. Sporting News. Retrieved February 4, 2015.
  2. ^ "Super Bowl History". Vegas Insider. Retrieved February 4, 2015.
  3. ^ "Super Bowl Winners". NFL.com. Retrieved February 4, 2015.
  4. ^ Gorman, Bill. "Historical Super Bowl Nielsen TV Ratings, 1967–2009". Tvbythenumbers.com. Retrieved November 26, 2010.
  5. ^ Garber, Greg (January 29, 2013). "Doug Williams embraces history". ESPN.com. Retrieved September 29, 2013.
  6. ^ a b "N.F.L. Approves Sale of Broncos". The New York Times. May 24, 1984. Retrieved January 11, 2010.
  7. ^ a b Forbes, Gordon (January 26, 1996). "Best lobbyists have best chance // Winning presentation doesn't guarantee winning game". USA Today. Retrieved January 11, 2010.
  8. ^ a b "REDSKINS PULL BRONC-BUSTER". January 8, 2014.
  9. ^ http://www.americanradiohistory.com/Archive-BC/BC-1988/BC-1988-01-18.pdf
  10. ^ "One Super Show!". si.com.
  11. ^ Peters, Justin (February 4, 2016). "Every Super Bowl, Ranked". Slate. Retrieved February 12, 2016.
  12. ^ "Super Bowl Game-Time Temperatures". Pro Football Hall of Fame. Retrieved March 10, 2018.
  13. ^ "Super Bowl XXII boxscore". NFL.com. Retrieved November 7, 2016.
  14. ^ a b c d "Super Bowl XXII statistics". Pro Football reference.com. Retrieved November 6, 2016.
  15. ^ "Super Bowl definitions".
  16. ^ Washington's 35 points and 356 yards in the second period also set the overall NFL postseason records for the most points and offensive yards in a single quarter, respectively. Furthermore, the Redskins 356 second quarter yards might have a record for all NFL games, regular or postseason. "We don't keep track of single quarter records", said Seymore Siwoff, head of the Elias Sports Bureau, which handles NFL statistics, "but geez, 356 yards. Who could have gained more than that?""Archived copy". Archived from the original on December 23, 2010. Retrieved December 23, 2010.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  17. ^ "Super Bowl XXII–National Football League Game Summary" (PDF). NFLGSIS.com. National Football League. January 31, 1988. Retrieved June 27, 2016.
1980 Arkansas Razorbacks football team

The 1980 Arkansas Razorbacks football team represented the University of Arkansas during the 1980 NCAA Division I-A football season. A bright spot for the Hogs in 1980 was senior punter Steve Cox. He led college football with an average of 46.5 yards per punt. He won Super Bowl XXII with the Washington Redskins. Cox completed one of only six field goals of 60+ yards in NFL history. Running back Gary Anderson was named MVP of the Hall of Fame Classic.

1987 Cleveland Browns season

The 1987 Cleveland Browns season was the team's 38th season in the National Football League.

Led by another 3,000-yard season from Bernie Kosar, the Browns captured their third-straight AFC Central crown. In the divisional playoffs, against the Indianapolis Colts at Municipal Stadium, the Browns routed the Colts 38–21 to advance to their second-straight AFC Championship Game. For the second year in a row, the Browns were matched up against the Denver Broncos for a trip to Super Bowl XXII. The Browns fell behind early at Mile High Stadium, as the Broncos roared out to a big halftime lead. However, the Browns scored 30 points in the second half, and drove down the field in the late fourth quarter with a chance to score a game-tying touchdown. With 1:12 left in the game, RB Earnest Byner was stripped of the ball at the 2-yard line by Broncos' defensive back Jeremiah Castille in a play since dubbed The Fumble. Denver ran down the clock and took an intentional safety with 8 seconds left, and the Browns fell 38–33. Denver returned to the Super Bowl for a second straight year at the expense of the Browns.

1987 NFL season

The 1987 NFL season was the 68th regular season of the National Football League. This season featured games predominantly played by replacement players as the National Football League Players Association (NFLPA) players were on strike from weeks four to six. The season ended with Super Bowl XXII, with the Washington Redskins defeating the Denver Broncos 42–10 at Jack Murphy Stadium in San Diego. The Broncos suffered their second consecutive Super Bowl defeat.

1987 San Diego Chargers season

The 1987 San Diego Chargers season was the franchise's strike-shortened 18th season in the National Football League (NFL), and the 28th overall. The team improved on their 4–12 record in 1986 to 8-7 but missed the playoffs. The strike of 1987 reduced the regular season schedule from sixteen to fifteen games. Their stadium, Jack Murphy Stadium, hosted Super Bowl XXII at the end of the season.

The Chargers started the season 8–1, with victories over playoff teams Indianapolis and Cleveland, before notoriously losing their final six games of the season, narrowly missing the playoffs. All but one of their final six losses came to teams that made the postseason in 1987.

1987 was the final season for Chargers quarterback Dan Fouts, who had been with the team since 1973, had led the league in passing four times, and who retired only the third quarterback in history to pass for more than 40,000 yards. Also retiring after the season was tight end Kellen Winslow; ending his career after having played since 1979.

1987 Washington Redskins season

The 1987 Washington Redskins season was the franchise's strike-shortened 56th season in the National Football League (NFL) and their 52nd in Washington, D.C. The season was a shortened due to the 1987 NFL strike.

The team had finished second in the NFC East the previous season with a 12–4 record. Games to be played during the third week of the season were canceled, and replacement players were used to play games from weeks 4 through 6.

The Redskins won the NFC East with an 11–4 record. The Redskins defeated the Denver Broncos 42–10 to win Super Bowl XXII. It was the Redskins' second Super Bowl win in six seasons, and coincidentally, their second Super Bowl win in a strike-season.Redskins quarterback Doug Williams became the first black quarterback to start in a Super Bowl and was the only individual to have emerged victorious until Russell Wilson won Super Bowl XLVIII with the Seattle Seahawks.By virtue of the Redskins' 17-10 victory over Minnesota in the NFC title game, head coach Joe Gibbs earned his 10th playoff victory. He surpassed the legendary Vince Lombardi, who had retired after his 9th playoff victory and (coincidentally) later coached the Redskins for one season. Also ironic was the rumor that, following a disastrous 5-9-1 season, Green Bay would hire Gibbs to replace the dismissed Forrest Gregg. However, after the game, Gibbs would deny that he was interested. On March 8, 2018 the Redskins announced that they will honor the replacement players from the 1987 team with Super Bowl XXII rings.

1987–88 NFL playoffs

The National Football League playoffs for the 1987 season began on January 3, 1988. The postseason tournament concluded with the Washington Redskins defeating the Denver Broncos in Super Bowl XXII, 42–10, on January 31, at Jack Murphy Stadium in San Diego, California.

1988 Washington Redskins season

The 1988 Washington Redskins season was the franchise's 57th season in the National Football League (NFL) and their 53rd in Washington, D.C. They failed to improve on their 11–4 record from 1987, when they won Super Bowl XXII and finished 7-9. The Redskins failed to qualify for the playoffs for the first time since 1985. They were the seventh team in NFL history to enter a season as the defending Super Bowl champion and miss the playoffs.The Week 8 meeting against Green Bay at Lambeau Field would be the two teams' final meeting for 13 years.

Brian Davis (American football)

Brian Wesley Davis (born August 31, 1963) is a former American football cornerback in the National Football League for the Washington Redskins, the Seattle Seahawks, the San Diego Chargers, and the Minnesota Vikings. He played college football at the University of Nebraska and was selected in the second round of the 1987 NFL Draft.

With the Redskins in the 1987-88 NFL playoffs, Davis became the last player to tackle Chicago Bears running back Walter Payton, who retired at the end of the season. Later, in Super Bowl XXII, Davis intercepted Denver Broncos quarterback John Elway as the Redskins defeated the Broncos, 42-10.

Dale Hamer

Dale Hamer is a former American football official in the National Football League (NFL) who served from 1978 to 2001, with a break taken for health reasons during the 1995 season. During his 23 seasons in the NFL, Hamer was assigned to officiate in two Super Bowls, as a head linesman in Super Bowl XVII and in Super Bowl XXII. Additionally, he was an alternate referee for Super Bowl XXVII.

Hamer's career in the NFL started in 1978 as a head linesman. He was later promoted to referee in 1989 upon the retirement of long-time referee Fred Silva. In 1995, Hamer was forced to take a leave from officiating when doctors discovered that he had a heart murmur. Further tests revealed that Hamer had stenosis and calcification of his aortic heart valve, and it would need to be replaced. In July 1995, Dale received a pericardial tissue heart valve. As a result, he missed the entire 1995 NFL season, but returned at the start of the 1996 NFL season after Gordon McCarter announced his retirement. He returned to the head linesman position in 1998 and worked on the crews of Larry Nemmers and Bernie Kukar. After retiring as an on-field official following the 2001 NFL season, Hamer assumed new duties as an instant replay official for the NFL, a position he continues to serve in today.

Hamer, who wore uniform number 104, is a past president of the National Football League Referees Association.

Hamer is a 1960 graduate of California State College in Western Pennsylvania (now California University of Pennsylvania), and in the early 1960s taught algebra at Clairton High School in Clairton, Pennsylvania.

Doug Williams (quarterback)

Douglas Lee Williams (born August 9, 1955) is a former American football quarterback and former head coach of the Grambling State Tigers football team. Williams is known for his remarkable performance with the Washington Redskins in Super Bowl XXII against the Denver Broncos. Williams, who was named the Super Bowl MVP, passed for a Super Bowl record 340 yards and four touchdowns, with one interception. He was the first African-American starting quarterback to win a Super Bowl. Williams also became the first player in Super Bowl history to pass for four touchdowns in a half, and the only quarterback to throw for four touchdowns in a single quarter. Williams is now a team executive for the Redskins, being hired for that role in 2014.

Ed Rubbert

Edward Rubbert (born May 28, 1964) is a former American football quarterback in the National Football League for the Washington Redskins as a member of the Redskins' replacement team during the 1987 NFL players' strike. Rubbert played college football for the University of Louisville. He completed the longest pass from scrimmage in the 1987 NFL season, an 88-yard touchdown to Anthony Allen on October 4, and led the Redskins to two consecutive wins on their way to a Super Bowl XXII championship. Rubbert also started a third game only to be injured; the Redskins eventually won that game behind backup replacement quarterback Tony Robinson, and the following week the Redskins' regular players returned to the field following the end of the strike. Rubbert is now a coach for Lower Cape May Regional High School

Rubbert also played for the Albany Firebirds in the Arena Football League for three years (1991 to 1993) where he completed 42 of 96 passes for 532 yards and four touchdowns and seven interceptions.

Additionally, Rubbert was the inspiration for Keanu Reeves' character in the football movie The Replacements.

Eric Yarber

Eric Lamone Yarber (born September 22, 1963) is an American football coach and former college player who is currently the wide receivers coach for the Los Angeles Rams of the National Football League (NFL). He played two seasons in the NFL as a wide receiver for the Washington Redskins in 1986 and 1987, which included a win in Super Bowl XXII.

Jay Schroeder

Jay Brian Schroeder (born June 28, 1961) is a former professional American football quarterback. He played college football at UCLA, after which he was selected in the third round (83rd overall) of the 1984 NFL draft by the Washington Redskins where he played for three seasons. He then played for the Los Angeles Raiders for five seasons and spent one season each with the Cincinnati Bengals and Arizona Cardinals.

While with the Washington Redskins, Schroeder was selected to his only Pro Bowl after the 1986 season season. He also won his only Super Bowl ring, when the Redskins won Super Bowl XXII over the Denver Broncos at the end of his final year with Washington.

Jeremiah Castille

Jeremiah Castille (born January 15, 1961 in Columbus, Georgia) is a former American professional football cornerback from the University of Alabama, Castille was selected by the Tampa Bay Buccaneers in the third round of the 1983 NFL Draft. He played in six seasons in the NFL from 1983–1988 for the Buccaneers and Denver Broncos. Castille's best season as a pro was in 1985, when he recorded 7 interceptions. He finished his career with 14 interceptions, which he returned for 207 yards. He also had 3 fumble recoveries.

Castille played college football for the Alabama Crimson Tide and was on the last team coached by Bear Bryant. Castille was a pallbearer at Bryant's funeral on January 28, 1983. Castille played for Alabama from 1979–1982, recording a school record 16 interceptions and making the College Football All-America Team in 1982. In the 1982 Liberty Bowl at the end of the season, Castille intercepted three passes in a 21–15 win and was selected as the game's MVP.[1]

While playing for the Broncos during the 1987 AFC Championship Game versus the Cleveland Browns, Castille will forever be remembered for stripping the ball from Browns' running back Earnest Byner in a play called "The Fumble". He also recorded an interception in Super Bowl XXII, although this is not as widely remembered because his team ended up losing 42–10.

Two of Castille's sons, Tim and Simeon, also played in the NFL after playing college football at Alabama. His third son Caleb walked on at Alabama before quitting football to chase his dream of becoming a professional actor and starring as Jeremiah's teammate at Alabama, Tony Nathan in the movie Woodlawn.

Jerry Markbreit

Jerry Markbreit (born March 23, 1935) is a former American football referee in the National Football League (NFL) for 23 seasons and became one of the most recognizable referees in the game. Markbreit officiated football games for 43 seasons. From 1965 to 1975, Markbreit officiated college football games in the Big Ten Conference. He then joined the NFL in 1976 as a line judge before being promoted to the head referee position in just his second year. His uniform number in the league was 9, which is now worn by Mark Perlman. Until he retired from the NFL after the 1998 season, Markbreit officiated in two wild card (1991 and 1994), ten divisional (1979, 1981, 1982, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1995, 1997, and 1998), eight conference championship (1980, 1983, 1984, 1989, 1990, 1992, 1993, and 1996) playoff games, one Pro Bowl (1978), and four Super Bowls: Super Bowl XVII, Super Bowl XXI, Super Bowl XXVI, and Super Bowl XXIX and was an alternate in Super Bowl XIX, Super Bowl XXII, and Super Bowl XXVIII. To date, he is the only NFL head referee to officiate four Super Bowl games.

Until 2008, he wrote a weekly sports column for the Chicago Tribune during the football season.

John Ayers

John Ayers (April 14, 1953 – October 2, 1995) was a National Football League offensive lineman from 1977 through 1987. During that span, he appeared in two Super Bowls: Super Bowl XVI and Super Bowl XIX for the San Francisco 49ers. Ayers was a key contributor on the final 89-yard drive that led to the play that has been immortalized as "The Catch" in the 1982 NFC Playoffs versus the Dallas Cowboys.

John Ayers played college football at West Texas A&M University. He was also a member of the 1987 Denver Broncos team that lost Super Bowl XXII, but did not appear in that game.

Ayers also served for a brief period as the figurehead President of Bill Watts' Universal Wrestling Federation.

Ayers was diagnosed with liver cancer and died on October 2, 1995.

His daughter, Jolee, was a scholarship basketball player at Texas Tech University.

Johnny Grier

Johnny Grier (born c. 1947) is a former American football official for 23 years in the National Football League (NFL) from 1981 to 2004. He began in the NFL as a field judge before becoming the first African-American referee in the history of the NFL with the start of the 1988 NFL season. Grier has officiated in one Super Bowl, Super Bowl XXII in 1988, which was his last game as a field judge and the same game in which Doug Williams became the first African-American quarterback to win the Super Bowl. On the field, he wore uniform number 23, which is now worn by Jerome Boger, another African-American referee.

Grier attended college at the University of the District of Columbia.Grier began officiating football at age 18 and started as a high school football official in 1965, later moved on to college football in 1972, and eventually the NFL in 1981. His career ended abruptly during the 2004 NFL season when he was forced to retire due to a leg injury suffered during a series of games. He was replaced by the back judge on his crew, Scott Green, who had previous experience as a referee in NFL Europe.

Grier now serves as an officiating supervisor for the NFL and previously served as Supervisor of Football Officials for the Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference (MEAC).

Timmy Smith

Timothy LaRay Smith (born January 21, 1964) is a former professional American football running back in the National Football League for the Washington Redskins and the Dallas Cowboys. He played college football at Texas Tech University. Smith rose to stardom after setting a rushing record in Super Bowl XXII, but was never able to repeat his 15 minutes of fame and later became known for his legal problems.

Todd Bowles

Todd Robert Bowles (born November 18, 1963) is an American football coach who is the defensive coordinator of the Tampa Bay Buccaneers of the National Football League (NFL), as well as a former player. He played eight seasons in the NFL as a safety, mainly for the Washington Redskins, and started in Super Bowl XXII against the Denver Broncos. Bowles was the interim defensive coordinator for the Philadelphia Eagles in 2012, and then for the Arizona Cardinals in 2013 and 2014. He was the interim head coach for the Miami Dolphins for the final three games of the 2011 season with a 2-1 record after the firing of Tony Sparano, and served as the heach coach of the New York Jets from 2015-2018.

Scoring summary
Quarter Time Drive Team Scoring information Score
Plays Yards TOP WAS DEN
1 13:03 1 56 0:08 DEN Ricky Nattiel 56-yard touchdown reception from John Elway, Rich Karlis kick good 0 7
1 9:09 7 61 2:05 DEN 24-yard field goal by Karlis 0 10
2 14:07 1 80 0:10 WAS Ricky Sanders 80-yard touchdown reception from Doug Williams, Ali Haji-Sheikh kick good 7 10
2 10:15 5 64 2:44 WAS Gary Clark 27-yard touchdown reception from Williams, Haji-Sheikh kick good 14 10
2 6:27 2 74 0:51 WAS Timmy Smith 58-yard touchdown run, Haji-Sheikh kick good 21 10
2 3:42 3 60 0:52 WAS Sanders 50-yard touchdown reception from Williams, Haji-Sheikh kick good 28 10
2 1:04 7 79 1:10 WAS Clint Didier 8-yard touchdown reception from Williams, Haji-Sheikh kick good 35 10
4 13:09 4 68 2:03 WAS Smith 4-yard touchdown run, Haji-Sheikh kick good 42 10
"TOP" = time of possession. For other American football terms, see Glossary of American football. 42 10
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