Super Bowl XXI

Super Bowl XXI was an American football game between the American Football Conference (AFC) champion Denver Broncos and the National Football Conference (NFC) champion New York Giants to decide the National Football League (NFL) champion for the 1986 season. The Giants defeated the Broncos by the score of 39–20, winning their first ever Super Bowl, and their first NFL title since 1956. The game was played on January 25, 1987, at the Rose Bowl in Pasadena, California.

This was the Broncos' first Super Bowl appearance since the 1977 season. Led largely through the play of quarterback John Elway and a defense that led the AFC in fewest yards allowed, the Broncos posted an 11–5 regular season record and two narrow playoff victories. The Giants, led by quarterback Phil Simms, running back Joe Morris, and their "Big Blue Wrecking Crew" defense, advanced to their first Super Bowl after posting a 14–2 regular season record and only allowing a combined total of 3 points in their two postseason wins.

The game was tight in the first half, with the Broncos holding a 10–9 halftime lead, the narrowest margin in Super Bowl history. The only score in the second quarter, however, was Giants defensive end George Martin's sack of Elway in the end zone for a safety. This began the Giants run of scoring 26 unanswered points through the third and fourth quarters. The Giants also posted a Super Bowl record 30 points in the second half, and limited the Broncos to only 2 net yards in the third quarter. Simms, who was named the Super Bowl MVP, finished the game with 22 of 25 passes completed for 268 yards and three touchdowns. He also had 25 rushing yards on 3 carries. His 22 out of 25 (88%) completion percentage broke both a Super Bowl and NFL postseason record.

The telecast of the game on CBS was seen by an estimated 87.2 million viewers.[4] This was one of the first times that a very large, national audience saw what is now the traditional Gatorade shower, where players dump a cooler full of liquid over a coach's head following a meaningful win. The practice was first started by Giants players in 1985 but it did not gain much national prominence until this season.

Super Bowl XXI
Super Bowl XXI Logo
Denver Broncos (2)
New York Giants (1)
20 39
Head coach:
Dan Reeves
Head coach:
Bill Parcells
1234 Total
DEN 100010 20
NYG 721713 39
DateJanuary 25, 1987
StadiumRose Bowl, Pasadena, California
MVPPhil Simms, quarterback
FavoriteGiants by 9.5[1][2]
RefereeJerry Markbreit
Current/Future Hall of Famers
Broncos: Pat Bowlen (owner), John Elway
Giants: Wellington Mara (owner/administrator), Bill Parcells (coach), Harry Carson, Lawrence Taylor
National anthemNeil Diamond
Coin tossWillie Davis
Halftime showThe Beach Boys performed at halftime"Salute to Hollywood's 100th Anniversary" with Southern California high school drill teams and dancers
TV in the United States
AnnouncersPat Summerall and John Madden
Nielsen ratings45.8
(est. 87.2 million viewers)[4]
Market share66
Cost of 30-second commercial$600,000


NFL owners voted to award Super Bowl XXI to Pasadena, California on May 24, 1984 during their May 23–25, 1984 meetings in Washington, D.C. Fourteen cities were part of the bidding process, which was scheduled to award four Super Bowls (XXI, XXII, XXIII, and XXIV).[5] The bidding cities included: Anaheim, Detroit, Houston, Jacksonville, Miami, Minneapolis, New Orleans, Pasadena, Philadelphia, San Francisco, San Diego, Seattle, Tampa, and Tempe.[5] The Philadelphia host committee assembled what was considered a strong, but long-shot bid, hoping to win the first outdoor Super Bowl in a cold weather city.[6]

The balloting for XXI took 13 ballots and over two hours to complete,[6] with Pasadena finally receiving the winning bid. XXII was also voted on, but the voting for XXIII and XXIV was postponed. This was the fourth time that Pasadena hosted the game, and the sixth time it was held in the Greater Los Angeles Area.

Denver Broncos

The Broncos won the AFC West with an 11–5 regular season record, largely through the play of quarterback John Elway. In just his fourth season in the league, Elway made an impact to the team with his ad-libbing skills. During the regular season, he had thrown for 3,480 yards and 19 touchdowns, while also rushing for 257 yards, the third-leading rusher on the team.

Elway did not really have a particular receiver who caught most of his passes during the regular season, but wide receivers Mark Jackson, Vance Johnson, Steve Watson, and tight end Orson Mobley all combined for 136 receptions and 2,132 yards. Pro Bowl running back Sammy Winder was the Broncos' top rusher with 789 yards and 9 touchdowns, while also catching 26 passes for another 171 yards and 5 touchdowns. Halfback Gerald Willhite rushed for 365 yards and 5 touchdowns, while also leading the team in receptions with 64 (for 529 yards and three touchdowns), and ranking third in the NFL in both punt return yards (468) and yards per return average (11.1). The Broncos also had a powerful offensive line, led by Pro Bowl guard Keith Bishop.

The Broncos' defense led the AFC in fewest rushing yards allowed (1,651). The defensive line was anchored by Pro Bowl defensive end Rulon Jones, who recorded 13.5 sacks and a fumble recovery. Denver's linebacking corps, led by three-time Pro Bowler Tom Jackson and Karl Mecklenburg, who recorded 9.5 sacks, was viewed as comparable to the Giants' Pro Bowl linebackers. Their secondary was led by Pro Bowl cornerbacks Dennis Smith and Louis Wright, along with Mike Harden, who intercepted 6 passes and returned them for 179 yards and 2 touchdowns. Wright, Steve Foley, and Jackson, the last remnants of Denver's Orange Crush defense of the 1970s, all retired after this Super Bowl.

New York Giants

The Giants advanced to their first Super Bowl in team history, and were playing for their first league championship since they lost to the Chicago Bears in the 1963 NFL Championship Game. The Giants were led by quarterback Phil Simms, who threw for 3,487 yards and 21 touchdowns (but also 22 interceptions). Simms' main target was tight end Mark Bavaro, who caught 66 passes for 1,001 yards and 4 touchdowns. Although the Giants did not have one great wide receiver, they did have several good ones. Receivers Stacy Robinson, Bobby Johnson, and Phil McConkey combined for 76 receptions and 1,307 yards.

However, running the ball was the Giants' primary offensive attack. Running back Joe Morris finished the regular season with a then-franchise record 1,516 rushing yards and 14 touchdowns, while also catching 21 passes for 223 yards and another touchdown. One reason for his success was fullback Maurice Carthon, who provided Morris with excellent blocking and was the team's second leading rusher with 260 yards. Another reason was the play of their offensive line, led by Pro Bowl left tackle Brad Benson and right tackle Karl Nelson. On special teams, punter Sean Landeta made the Pro Bowl with an average of 44.8 gross yards per punt, a net average of 37.1, and 24 punts inside the 20.

The Giants also had a lot of weapons on their defense, nicknamed The "Big Blue Wrecking Crew". After giving up 31 points in a season-opening loss to the Dallas Cowboys, the Giants had not given up more than 20 points in a game until the last game of the season, in a 55–24 win over the Green Bay Packers. The Giants' defensive leader was Hall of Fame outside linebacker Lawrence Taylor, who led the league with 20.5 sacks during the regular season, won the NFL Defensive Player of the Year Award for the third time in his career, and became just the second defensive player to ever win the NFL Most Valuable Player Award. At 6'3" and 245 pounds, Taylor was big enough to break through the offensive lines of many teams, but he still had enough speed to chase down running backs. The Giants' other starting linebackers, Gary Reasons, Carl Banks, and Harry Carson, did not get as much media attention as Taylor, but Carson had been selected to play in the Pro Bowl, while Reasons had two interceptions and Banks recorded 6.5 sacks and 2 fumble recoveries. Nose tackle Jim Burt and right end Leonard Marshall, who were also both selected to the Pro Bowl, anchored the defensive line. Marshall recorded 12 sacks, 3 fumble recoveries, and 1 interception during the season.

With the play of their defense, the running attack led by Morris, and Simms' passing game, the Giants earned a 14–2 regular season record.


Elway's ability to improvise on the fly, in part, helped Denver to make it through the playoffs, narrowly defeating the New England Patriots 22–17, and the Cleveland Browns 23–20, in the AFC Championship Game. The AFC Championship Game against the Browns was particularly significant because Elway displayed why many NFL experts thought Super Bowl XXI would be the first of many Super Bowls for him. In what became known as The Drive, the Broncos started from their own 2-yard line, trailing 20–13, with 5:32 left to play. But in 15 plays, Elway led Denver 98 yards for a game-tying touchdown pass with 39 seconds left. The Broncos then won in overtime after Elway led them 60 yards in 9 plays to set up kicker Rich Karlis' game-winning field goal.

Meanwhile, the Giants went on to only allow a combined total of 3 points in their playoff victories over the San Francisco 49ers, 49–3, and the Washington Redskins, 17–0, respectively. Such a dominating performance by the Giants' defense gave the team a lot of confidence going into the Super Bowl matchup versus the Broncos.

Super Bowl pregame news

Much of the pregame hype centered around the confrontation between Elway and Taylor, and whether or not Taylor would be able to hurry Elway's throws or sack him. The Giants had narrowly defeated Denver during the regular season, forcing four turnovers in a 19–16 win despite being outgained in total yards 405 to 262. This was the last Super Bowl until Super Bowl XXXIV in which both teams entered the game having never won a Super Bowl before.


The game was broadcast in the United States by CBS and featured the broadcast team of play-by-play announcer Pat Summerall and color commentator John Madden. Brent Musburger of The NFL Today anchored The Super Bowl Today pregame, halftime and postgame coverage. Helping Musburger were reporters Irv Cross and Will McDonough and analysts Jimmy "The Greek" Snyder, Terry Bradshaw, Joe Theismann, CBS News reporter Charles Osgood[7] and Dan Dierdorf (in his final CBS assignment before moving on to ABC's Monday Night Football for the following season). The game was also the first NFL game to be broadcast in Dolby Surround sound and in stereo.[8] The game was also broadcast in Canada on CTV and in the United Kingdom on Channel 4. This was also the first Super Bowl to be telecast on commercial television in Asia, as the GMA Network in the Philippines aired its first Super Bowl. This game also marked the first Super Bowl to be broadcast live in Rome.[7]

In the teams' local markets, the game was also broadcast by CBS stations in the New York City and Denver markets, WCBS-TV 2 in New York City and KMGH-TV 7 in Denver.

The postgame show was supposed to feature the song "One Shining Moment" but due to postgame interviews taking so long, CBS never aired it. They ultimately changed the lyrics from "The ball is kicked" to "The ball is tipped" in time for the 1987 Final Four (in which Indiana University won its most recent national title to date), and the song has since then been played at the end of the network's annual NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Championship coverage (it is also played on Turner Sports when said game airs on that network due to alternating rights with CBS that first started in 2016). CBS also debuted the theme music (composed by Lloyd Landesman) that would later be used for their college football coverage during this game (still used as of the 2018 season), as well as its open that was used through 1990.

This Super Bowl is featured in NFL's Greatest Games under the title Land of the Giants and was narrated by John Doremus.

Nationally on radio, the game was carried over the NBC Radio Network. Don Criqui served as play-by-play with Bob Trumpy his color commentator. This was the last Super Bowl called by Criqui, as NBC Radio lost NFL rights following the season and he returned to his secondary play-by-play role on NBC television. Trumpy would call two more Super Bowls for NBC television (Super Bowl XXVII and Super Bowl XXVIII) as part of the network's #1 broadcast team. In the teams' local markets, the game was carried on WNEW-AM in New York City with Jim Gordon and Dick Lynch and KOA-AM in Denver, Colorado with Bob Martin and Larry Zimmer.


The pregame show was a salute to California and featured the pop music group The Beach Boys. Singer Neil Diamond performed the national anthem. The show was directed and choreographed by Lesslee Fitzmorris. The coin toss ceremony featured Pro Football Hall of Fame defensive lineman Willie Davis.

The halftime show was a "Salute to Hollywood's 100th Anniversary" featuring an introduction by George Burns (who was only nine years younger than the Hollywood neighborhood in Los Angeles) and a performance by the Southern California high school drill teams and dancers.

As had been their tradition all season, upon securing their victory, Giants players celebrated by dumping a Gatorade cooler on head coach Bill Parcells. The 1986 Giants were the first team to initiate what has now become a standard post-game celebration, and the Super Bowl telecast enabled a large, national audience to first witness what has become commonplace.

Super Bowl XXI MVP Phil Simms became the first athlete to appear in an "I'm going to Disney World!" television ad, being recorded shouting the phrase while celebrating the team's victory immediately after the game.

Game summary

First Quarter

On the Broncos' first play after receiving the opening kickoff, quarterback John Elway faked a handoff, then spun around and ran in the opposite direction for a 10-yard gain to the Denver 34-yard line. Then on third down, his 24-yard completion to receiver Mark Jackson advanced the ball to the Giants' 39-yard line. However, the Giants' defense tightened up and halted the drive at the 30-yard line, forcing Denver to settle for Rich Karlis's 48-yard field goal to give them a 3–0 lead. Karlis's kick tied a game record for longest field goal set by Jan Stenerud of the Kansas City Chiefs in Super Bowl IV.

The Giants then took the ensuing kickoff and stormed right back on a 9-play, 78-yard drive. First, quarterback Phil Simms completed a 17-yard pass to receiver Lionel Manuel. Then running back Joe Morris ran for 11 yards to the Denver 41-yard line. The Giants then marched to the Denver 6-yard line with Simms' 18-yard pass to receiver Stacy Robinson, and then a 17-yard completion to tight end Mark Bavaro two plays later. Finally, Simms threw a 6-yard touchdown pass to tight end Zeke Mowatt, giving the Giants a 7–3 lead.

Denver kick returner Ken Bell gave his team great field position by returning the ensuing kickoff 28 yards to the Broncos 42-yard line. Then, Elway completed three consecutive passes: a 14-yard completion to running back Sammy Winder, an 11-yard completion to tight end Orson Mobley, and a 9-yard screen pass to Winder. On the second play to Winder, the Giants were flagged for two 15-yard penalties; the first was a personal foul called on Harry Carson, who was penalized for hitting Winder out of bounds, and the second penalty was an unsportsmanlike conduct foul on Lawrence Taylor, who picked up the first penalty marker and threw it. The penalties moved the ball to the Giants' 6-yard line, and three plays later, Elway ran a quarterback draw for a 4-yard touchdown run to give the Broncos a 10–7 lead.

Second Quarter

On Denver's first drive of the second quarter, Elway dropped back to pass from his own 18-yard line on third down. The Giants' pass rush forced him to scramble out of the pocket, but it gave him time to find receiver Vance Johnson, who was wide open, for a 54-yard completion. Elway then moved the Broncos down the field further and after a third down completion to Steve Sewell, the third time Denver converted on the drive (Elway found Mobley for a second first down after the Johnson play), they had the ball on the New York 1 with a chance to go up by 10.

Needing a stop, the Giants stood their ground. First, Elway tried a run-pass option, but Taylor broke through the line and tackled him for a one-yard loss. Carson stopped fullback Gerald Willhite on the next play for no gain on a run up the middle, and Carl Banks chased down Winder as he attempted to score on a sweep, tackling him for a four-yard loss. After losing five yards in three plays, Karlis tried to salvage the drive with a field goal, but he missed from 23 yards, giving him the record for the shortest missed field goal in Super Bowl history.

The first use of instant replay in a Super Bowl game came with approximately three minutes to play in the half. With Denver deep in its own end of the field, Broncos tight end Clarence Kay caught a pass from Elway for a gain of 25 yards. However, the officials conferred and ruled that Kay did not have control of the ball as he had gone down, thus the pass was ruled incomplete. After the ruling, the officials conferred again as Art McNally, the director of officiating, paged the umpire to signal they would take a look at the play. As referee Jerry Markbreit waited for their decision, CBS showed several replays of the play that were inconclusive. After several minutes, Markbreit was given word that the play would stand as called and relayed this to the crowd. This proved crucial, as on the next play, Giants defensive tackle George Martin sacked Elway in the end zone, recording a safety and cutting the Denver lead to 10–9.[9] To make matters more complicated, CBS' production staff found a reverse angle of the Kay catch that was unavailable to the replay booth, and it clearly showed the reception made by Kay. CBS broadcast this replay toward the end of the half.[10][11]

With less than a minute remaining in the half, Elway completed a 31-yard pass to receiver Steve Watson and an 11-yard pass to Willhite, giving the Broncos a first down at the Giants 20-yard line. But the Giants defense forced three consecutive incompletions, the last of which saw Elway lead tight end Orson Mobley too far on a throw to the end zone and cause him to collide with the goal post. Then Karlis, who had made 11 of 12 field goals from inside 40 yards during the season, missed the ensuing field goal, ending another Denver drive with nothing to show for it. Karlis later admitted his two misses in the first half were devastating to the Broncos. "Both times I didn't get my hips all the way through the kicks. I was steering the ball, and I know better than that. I felt the team unravel after that. I really hurt them."[12]

Third Quarter

In the second half, the Giants dominated the Broncos, outscoring them 30–10 with four touchdowns and a field goal on their first five possessions.

The Giants took the opening kickoff in the third quarter, but faced fourth down and one yard after their first three plays. New York sent their punt formation out onto the field. Parcells had entertained the possibility of running a fake punt and sent Jeff Rutledge, his backup quarterback, onto the field to line up as a third blocking back along with Maurice Carthon and Lee Rouson. Parcells said his reasoning was that if the Broncos were not going to pick up on Rutledge being used as a decoy for a potential fake, he would take advantage. As he had thought, Denver paid no attention to Rutledge, and he moved under center while punter Sean Landeta split out as a receiver and Carthon and Rouson lined up in a split back set behind him. Rutledge then took the snap from center and ran a quarterback sneak to the New York 48-yard line for a first down. On the next play, Simms completed a 12-yard pass to Morris, and then followed it up with a 23-yard completion to Rouson. Three plays later, Simms finished the drive with a 13-yard touchdown pass to Bavaro to give the Giants a 16–10 lead. The Broncos were forced to punt on their next drive, and receiver Phil McConkey returned the punt 25 yards to Denver's 36-yard line. The Broncos managed to keep the Giants out of the end zone, but New York kicker Raul Allegre kicked a 21-yard field goal to increase their lead to 19–10.

Denver was again forced to punt on their ensuing possession. Afterwards, Simms completed a 17-yard pass to Manuel at the Broncos 45-yard line. Two plays later, the Giants executed a flea flicker play for a long gain. Simms handed off to Morris, but before he crossed the line of scrimmage, Morris pitched the ball back to Simms. With the ensuing pass, Simms found McConkey, who was wide open at the Broncos 20-yard line. After eluding one tackler, he was upended just before he reached the goal line, throwing his hands up in mock frustration after being stopped at the 1-yard line. On the next play, Morris scored on a 1-yard touchdown run, increasing New York's lead to 26–10.

Fourth Quarter

Elway barely avoided a turnover by recovering his own fumble on the last play of the third quarter, but on the first play of the fourth quarter, he threw an interception to Giants defensive back Elvis Patterson. After that, Simms completed a 36-yard pass to Robinson. Four plays later from Denver's 6-yard line, Simms threw a pass to Bavaro in the end zone. The pass bounced off Bavaro's fingertips, but fell right into the hands of McConkey for a touchdown, extending the lead to 33–10.

The Broncos finally managed to get a good drive going on their next possession, advancing the ball 74 yards in 13 plays. Elway completed 5 of 6 passes for 46 yards and rushed for 14, while Karlis finished the drive with a 33-yard field goal, making the score 33–13. But New York recovered his ensuing onside kick attempt and stormed right back for more points. Rouson ran twice for 21 yards, and then Simms ran for a 22-yard gain. On the next play, Ottis Anderson scored on a 2-yard touchdown run, giving the Giants a 39–13 lead after Allegre missed the extra point.

Denver finally scored a touchdown when Elway found Johnson on a 47-yard bomb later on, which was the 100th recorded Super Bowl touchdown. However, by that point, the game had become so far out of reach that it did not do much good. Elway would eventually be replaced by Gary Kubiak, who took a sack to end the game, and the Giants were victorious in a 39–20 rout of the Broncos.

As the final seconds of the game ticked away, Harry Carson, continuing the recent trend started by the Giants, gave head coach Bill Parcells a Gatorade shower, going as far as to take off his jersey and pads and sneak behind Parcells with a Rose Bowl security team shirt on. Thanks in large part to this particular Gatorade dunking, a tradition of sorts was formed that continues to this day. In addition, Brad Benson and Bart Oates drenched Simms with a cooler of ice water; "I think it was very appropriate to cool the guy down", Oates explained, "as hot as he was in the game."[12]

Simms finished with a passer rating of 150.92, the highest for one game in Super Bowl history.[13] Morris was the top rusher of the game, gaining 67 yards, and added another 20 yards on 4 receptions. Robinson was the Giants' top receiver with 3 catches for 62 yards. Bavaro caught 4 passes for 51 yards and a touchdown. McConkey caught 2 passes for 50 yards and a touchdown, returned a punt for 25 yards, and even got to make a contribution after the game, discovering a dropped police pistol on the field and turning it over to a stadium security guard.[14] Defensively, while the Broncos managed to bottle up Lawrence Taylor, Carl Banks had 14 tackles, 10 of which were unassisted and four of those for negative yardage, while Leonard Marshall had two sacks and forced a fumble. Elway finished the game with 22 out of 37 pass completions for 304 yards, 1 touchdown, and 1 interception. He also was the Broncos' leading rusher in the game, with 27 rushing yards and a touchdown on 6 carries. Denver's Vance Johnson was the top receiver of the game, with 5 receptions for 121 yards, an average of 24.2 yards per catch, and a touchdown.

The Giants' victory in Super Bowl XXI marked the second time in four months that the New York metropolitan area had won a championship in a major professional sport; three months before, the New York Mets had won the 1986 World Series.

Box score

Final statistics

Sources: Super Bowl XXI, Super Bowl XXI Play Finder NYG, Super Bowl XXI Play Finder Den

Statistical comparison

Denver Broncos New York Giants
First downs 23 24
First downs rushing 5 10
First downs passing 16 13
First downs penalty 2 1
Third down efficiency 7/14 6/12
Fourth down efficiency 0/0 1/2
Net yards rushing 52 136
Rushing attempts 19 38
Yards per rush 2.7 3.6
Passing – Completions/attempts 26/41 22/25
Times sacked-total yards 4–32 1–5
Interceptions thrown 1 0
Net yards passing 320 263
Total net yards 372 399
Punt returns-total yards 1–9 1–25
Kickoff returns-total yards 5–84 4–53
Interceptions-total return yards 0–0 1–(–7)
Punts-average yardage 2–41.0 3–46.0
Fumbles-lost 2–0 0–0
Penalties-total yards 4–28 6–48
Time of possession 25:21 34:39
Turnovers 1 0

Individual statistics

Broncos Passing
C/ATT1 Yds TD INT Rating
John Elway 22/37 304 1 1 83.6
Gary Kubiak 4/4 48 0 0 116.7
Broncos Rushing
Car2 Yds TD LG3 Yds/Car
John Elway 6 27 1 10 4.50
Gerald Willhite 4 19 0 11 4.75
Steve Sewell 3 4 0 12 1.33
Gene Lang 2 2 0 4 1.00
Sammy Winder 4 0 0 3 0.00
Broncos Receiving
Rec4 Yds TD LG3 Target5
Vance Johnson 5 121 1 54 6
Gerald Willhite 5 39 0 11 10
Sammy Winder 4 34 0 14 4
Mark Jackson 3 51 0 24 4
Steve Watson 2 54 0 31 3
Clint Sampson 2 20 0 11 2
Orson Mobley 2 17 0 11 5
Steve Sewell 2 12 0 7 4
Gene Lang 1 4 0 4 1
Clarence Kay 0 0 0 0 2
Giants Passing
C/ATT1 Yds TD INT Rating
Phil Simms 22/25 268 3 0 150.9
Giants Rushing
Car2 Yds TD LG3 Yds/Car
Joe Morris 20 67 1 11 3.35
Phil Simms 3 25 0 22 8.33
Lee Rouson 3 22 0 18 7.33
Tony Galbreath 4 17 0 7 4.25
Maurice Carthon 3 4 0 2 1.33
Ottis Anderson 2 1 1 2 0.50
Jeff Rutledge 3 0 0 2 0.00
Giants Receiving
Rec4 Yds TD LG3 Target5
Mark Bavaro 4 51 1 17 5
Joe Morris 4 20 0 12 4
Maurice Carthon 4 13 0 7 4
Stacy Robinson 3 62 0 36 4
Lionel Manuel 3 43 0 17 3
Phil McConkey 2 50 1 44 3
Lee Rouson 1 23 0 23 1
Zeke Mowatt 1 6 1 6 1

1Completions/attempts 2Carries 3Long gain 4Receptions 5Times targeted

Records Set

The following records were set in Super Bowl XXI, according to the official boxscore,[16] the 2016 NFL Record & Fact Book[17] and the game summary.[18]
Some records have to meet NFL minimum number of attempts to be recognized.[17] The minimums are shown (in parenthesis).

Player Records Set [18]
Passing Records
Highest passer rating, game 150.9 Phil Simms
Highest completion
percentage, game, (20 attempts)
Most consecutive completions, game 10
Records Tied
Longest field goal 48 yards Rich Karlis0(Denver)
Most 40-plus yard field goals, game 1
Most Safeties, Game 1 George Martin0(New York Giants)
Team Records Set [18]
Most points scored, second half 30 points Giants
Highest completion percentage
(20 attempts)
Most yards allowed in a win 372 Giants
Records Tied
Most touchdowns, game 5 Giants
Most Safeties, Game 1
Fewest turnovers, game 0
Fewest punts, game 2 Broncos

Turnovers are defined as the number of times losing the ball on interceptions and fumbles.

Records Set, both team totals [18]
Total Giants Broncos
Points, Both Teams
Most points scored, second half 40 points 30 10
Rushing, Both Teams
Fewest rushing yards (net) 155 yards 136 19
Turnovers, Both Teams
Fewest Turnovers 1 0 1
Punting, Both Teams
Fewest punts, game 5 3 2
Records tied, both team totals
Most points, first quarter 17 points 7 10
Fewest times intercepted 1 0 1
Fewest fumbles lost 0 0 0
Fewest punt returns, game 2 1 1

Starting lineups


Denver Position Position New York Giants
Vance Johnson WR Lionel Manuel
Dave Studdard LT Brad Benson
Keith Bishop LG Billy Ard
Billy Bryan C Bart Oates
Mark Cooper RG Chris Godfrey
Ken Lanier RT Karl Nelson
Clarence Kay TE Mark Bavaro
Steve Watson WR Stacy Robinson
John Elway QB Phil Simms
Sammy Winder RB Joe Morris
Gerald Willhite FB Maurice Carthon
Andre Townsend LE George Martin
Greg Kragen NT Jim Burt
Rulon Jones RE Leonard Marshall
Jim Ryan LOLB Carl Banks
Karl Mecklenburg LILB Gary Reasons
Ricky Hunley RILB Harry Carson
Tom Jackson ROLB Lawrence Taylor
Louis Wright LCB Elvis Patterson
Mike Harden RCB Perry Williams
Steve Foley SS Kenny Hill
Dennis Smith FS Herb Welch


  • Referee: Jerry Markbreit #9 second Super Bowl (XVII)
  • Umpire: Bob Boylston #101 first Super Bowl
  • Head Linesman: Terry Gierke #72 first Super Bowl
  • Line Judge: Bob Beeks #59 fourth Super Bowl (XIV, XVI, XVIII)
  • Back Judge: Jim Poole #92 first Super Bowl
  • Side Judge: Gil Mace #90 second Super Bowl (XVIII)
  • Field Judge: Pat Mallette #82 first Super Bowl
  • Alternate Umpire: Hendi Ancich #115 worked Super Bowl XXIV[21]


  1. ^ DiNitto, Marcus (January 25, 2015). "Super Bowl Betting History – Underdogs on Recent Roll". Sporting News. Retrieved February 4, 2015.
  2. ^ "Super Bowl History". Vegas Insider. Retrieved February 4, 2015.
  3. ^ "Super Bowl Winners". National Football League. Retrieved February 4, 2015.
  4. ^ a b "Historical Super Bowl Nielsen TV Ratings, 1967–2009 – Ratings". TVbytheNumbers. Retrieved October 9, 2012.
  5. ^ a b "N.F.L. Approves Sale of Broncos". The New York Times. May 24, 1984. Retrieved January 11, 2010.
  6. ^ a b Forbes, Gordon (January 26, 1996). "Best lobbyists have best chance // Winning presentation doesn't guarantee winning game". USA Today. Retrieved January 11, 2010.
  7. ^ a b "Sold out Super Bowl for CBS" (PDF). American Radio History. Broadcasting Magazine. January 19, 1987. p. 212. Retrieved April 5, 2017.
  8. ^ "Small-format video technology pictured for 1987" (PDF). American Radio History. Broadcasting Magazine. January 5, 1987. pp. 178–180. Retrieved April 5, 2017.
  9. ^ Wallace, William N. (January 26, 1987). "SUPER BOWL XXI; DITKA AND BERRY SIZE IT UP". The New York Times. Retrieved August 16, 2009.
  10. ^ "Denver Broncos: 5 Worst Officiating Mistakes in Franchise History". Bleacher Report. April 20, 2011. Retrieved October 9, 2012.
  11. ^ "Instant replay, instant problems". Google News Search Archive. The Telegraph (Nashua, NH). January 26, 1987. p. 13. Retrieved April 5, 2017.
  12. ^ a b Zimmerman, Paul (February 2, 1987). "SUPER BOWL XXI: Giants-Broncos Killer Giants". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved August 16, 2009.
  13. ^ "Super Bowl Leaders".
  14. ^ AP (September 29, 1987). "SUPER BOWL XXI; McConkey Returns Gun" – via
  15. ^ "Super Bowl Game-Time Temperatures". Pro Football Hall of Fame. Retrieved March 10, 2018.
  16. ^ "Super Bowl XXI boxscore". Retrieved November 7, 2016.
  17. ^ a b "2016 Official National Football League Record and Fact Book" (PDF). National Football League. pp. 654–666. Retrieved November 7, 2016.
  18. ^ a b c d "Super Bowl XXI statistics". Retrieved November 6, 2016.
  19. ^ "Super Bowl XXI–National Football League Game Summary" (PDF). National Football League. January 25, 1987. Retrieved June 27, 2016.
  20. ^ Neft,, David S.; Cohen, Richard M.; Rick Korch (1994). The Complete History of Professional Football from 1892 to the Present. ISBN 0-312-11435-4.
  21. ^ "SUPER BOWL XXI - Denver Broncos v New York Giants".


1986 Denver Broncos season

The 1986 Denver Broncos season was the franchise's 27th year in professional football and its 17th with the National Football League (NFL). They finished the regular season with a record of 11–5, returned to the playoffs after a one-year absence, won the AFC Championship over the Cleveland Browns, and lost Super Bowl XXI to the New York Giants.

1986 NFL season

The 1986 NFL season was the 67th regular season of the National Football League. Defending Super Bowl Champion Chicago Bears shared the league’s best record with the Giants at 14–2, with the Giants claiming the spot in the NFC by tiebreakers. In the AFC, the Cleveland Browns earned home-field advantage with a record of 12–4, and they hosted the New York Jets in round one of the AFC playoffs. The Jets had started the season at 10–1 before losing their final five contests. The game went to double OT, with the Browns finally prevailing 23–20. The following Sunday, John Elway and the Denver Broncos defeated the Browns by an identical score in a game known for The Drive, where Elway drove his team 98 yards to send the game to overtime to win. The Giants would defeat their rival Washington Redskins in the NFC title game, blanking them 17–0 to advance to their first Super Bowl. The season ended with Super Bowl XXI when the New York Giants defeated the Denver Broncos 39–20 at the Rose Bowl to win their first league title in 30 years.

Big Blue Wrecking Crew

The Big Blue Wrecking Crew was the defense for the New York Giants during the 1980s that won two Super Bowl Championships, the first in Super Bowl XXI in 1986 and the other in Super Bowl XXV in 1990. A 3-4 defense, it was among the greatest NFL defenses of all time, and featured Lawrence Taylor as its star, considered by many to be the greatest defensive player in NFL history.

Brian Johnston (center)

Joseph Brian Johnston (born November 26, 1962) is a former American football center who played two seasons with the New York Giants of the National Football League (NFL). He was drafted by the New York Giants in the third round of the 1985 NFL Draft. Johnston played college football at the University of North Carolina and attended Glenelg High School in Glenelg, Maryland. He was a member of the New York Giants team that won Super Bowl XXI.

Chris Godfrey

Christopher Johnathon Godfrey (born May 17, 1958 in Detroit, Michigan) is a former American football guard in the National Football League, primarily for the New York Giants. He started in Super Bowl XXI. Godfrey played college football at the University of Michigan. He also played with the Michigan Panthers of the USFL. His daughters Mary Grace and Anastassia were members of the Michigan Wolverines swim team, his son Michael plays football at Saint Joseph High School, and his son John is a defensive lineman for the Ball State Cardinals football team.Godfrey founded the organization Life Athletes, a pro-life and pro-sexual abstinence before marriage organization for athletes. Godfrey visits schools in New York City promoting Christianity, pro-life issues, and sexual abstinence before marriage.

Chuck Heberling

Charles "Chuck" "Ace" Heberling is a former National Football League official and Western Pennsylvania sports administrator. Perhaps most famously, he was the referee for both the Hail Mary Game (famed for the game-winning touchdown pass from Roger Staubach to Drew Pearson) and The Drive. In addition, he was an alternate for the officiating crew for Super Bowl XXI. Heberling wore number 46 for the major part of his NFL career. He and his wife Jane have four children.He has been described as "the man who has had the greatest impact on high school athletics in western Pennsylvania in the 100-year history."

Gary Reasons

Gary Phillip Reasons (born February 18, 1962) is a former American football linebacker for the New York Giants of the National Football League, winning Super Bowl XXI and Super Bowl XXV as a member of the team.

Gerald Willhite

Gerald William Willhite (born May 30, 1959) is a former professional American football player who was selected by the Denver Broncos in the first round (21st overall) of the 1982 NFL Draft. A 5'10", 210-lb. running back, Willhite played college football at San Jose State and for the Broncos from 1982 to 1988. He appeared in Super Bowl XXI against the New York Giants.

Willhite was born in Sacramento, California and graduated from Cordova High School of Rancho Cordova, California in 1977. Willhite currently owns and operates GW Spices BBQ Restaurant in Rancho Cucamonga, California.

Jerry Markbreit

Jerry Markbreit (born March 23, 1935) is a former American football referee in the National Football League (NFL) for 23 seasons and became one of the most recognizable referees in the game. Markbreit officiated football games for 43 seasons. From 1965 to 1975, Markbreit officiated college football games in the Big Ten Conference. He then joined the NFL in 1976 as a line judge on the crew of Tommy Bell before being promoted to the head referee position in just his second year. His uniform number in the league was 9, which is now worn by Mark Perlman. In his 23 seasons in the NFL (he retired after the 1998 season), Markbreit had 25 postseason assignments: two wild card games (1991 and 1994), 10 divisional games (1979, 1981, 1982, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1995, 1997, 1998), eight conference championships (1980, 1983, 1984, 1989, 1990, 1992, 1993, and 1996), one Pro Bowl (1978), and four Super Bowls: Super Bowl XVII, Super Bowl XXI, Super Bowl XXVI, and Super Bowl XXIX and was an alternate in Super Bowl XIX, Super Bowl XXII, and Super Bowl XXVIII. To date, he is the only NFL head referee to officiate four Super Bowl games.

Until 2008, he wrote a weekly sports column for the Chicago Tribune during the football season.

Jim Burt (American football)

James P. Burt (born June 7, 1959 in Orchard Park, New York) is a former American football player who played for the New York Giants and San Francisco 49ers in the National Football League (NFL). Burt played nose tackle for the Giants team that won Super Bowl XXI and the 49ers team that won Super Bowl XXIV.

Joe Cooper (kicker)

Joseph Donald Cooper (born October 30, 1960) is a former American football placekicker who played two seasons in the National Football League with the Houston Oilers and New York Giants. Cooper played college football at the University of California, Berkeley and attended Bullard High School in Fresno, California. He was a member of the New York Giants team that won Super Bowl XXI.

Karl Nelson

Karl Stuart Nelson (born June 14, 1960) is a former American football offensive tackle who played professionally in the National Football League (NFL) for the New York Giants. He was a member of the 1986 Giants team that won Super Bowl XXI. He missed the 1987 season due to Hodgkin's disease. Nelson played college football at Iowa State University. He also served as a commentator on Giants radio broadcasts.

Nelson currently resides with his wife, Inga, in Northern New Jersey where he works in the financial industry, and is an active advocate for various charities. His primary charity is Adopt-a-Soldier Platoon.

Phil Simms

Phillip Martin Simms (born November 3, 1954) is a former American football quarterback who spent his entire 15-year professional career playing for the New York Giants of the National Football League (NFL). He is currently a television sportscaster for the CBS network. After playing college football at Morehead State University, Simms was drafted in the first round by the New York Giants of the National Football League (NFL) with the number seven selection overall in the 1979 NFL Draft. Simms was named Most Valuable Player (MVP) of Super Bowl XXI, after he led the Giants to a 39–20 victory over the Denver Broncos and set the record for highest completion percentage in a Super Bowl, completing 22 of 25 passes (88%), a record which still stands. He also was named to the Pro Bowl for his performances in the 1985 and 1993 seasons.

He finished his career with 33,462 passing yards and has since gone on to be a career broadcaster of NFL games—first as an analyst for ESPN, then as a in-game color commentator with NBC, and currently with CBS. He is the father of former NFL quarterback, assistant coach, and current college football analyst Chris Simms, as well as AAF quarterback Matt Simms.

Rich Karlis

Richard John Karlis (born May 23, 1959) is a former American Football placekicker who played nine seasons for the Denver Broncos, Minnesota Vikings, and Detroit Lions in the National Football League from 1982 to 1990. He played college football at the University of Cincinnati and is known as the last of the field goal kickers who kicked barefoot full-time in the NFL.Karlis is best known for kicking the game-winning field goal in overtime for Denver against the Cleveland Browns in the 1986 AFC Championship Game to reach Super Bowl XXI. He had an uneven performance in Super Bowl XXI, tying a Super Bowl record with a 48-yard field goal, while missing a 23-yard attempt, the shortest missed field goal in Super Bowl history at that time.

In 1989, he tied a then NFL record by kicking seven field goals in a game against the Los Angeles Rams, a record which stood until 2007 when Rob Bironas of the Tennessee Titans broke the record with eight field goals in a game against the Houston Texans.

Karlis made 172 field goals and 283 extra point attempts for 799 points in his career and also holds Super Bowl records for most field goal attempts with six, making three of them and other records including most consecutive field goals made as a rookie with thirteen in 1982.[1]Karlis is the creator of an instructional video for kickers.

Robbie Jones (American football)

Robert Washington Jones (born December 25, 1959) is a former American football linebacker. He played five seasons for the New York Giants. He was Special Teams Captain of the 1986 Giants team that won Super Bowl XXI. For his play during the Super Bowl year, Jones was awarded Special Teams Player of the Year by the Giants organization and also named the Special Teams Captain during the 1986 Super Bowl campaign.

Jones attended the University of Alabama and was picked 309th overall in the 1983 NFL Draft. He served as backup inside linebacker during most of his career with the Giants.

Stacy Robinson

Stacy Ladell Robinson (February 19, 1962 – May 8, 2012) was a professional American football wide receiver in the NFL for the New York Giants.Robinson's most notable game was in week 13 of the 1986 season, when the Giants were playing the 49ers on Monday Night Football. The Giants trailed 17-0 at halftime, but scored three touchdowns in the third quarter to win the game. Robinson caught the second touchdown, a 34-yard pass from Phil Simms, but he made an incredible grab on a 49-yard pass from Phil Simms, down to the 1-yard line, to set up the Giants' final score. He finished with 5 catches for a career-high 116 yards receiving as the Giants won 21-17. The Giants went on to win Super Bowl XXI that season over the Denver Broncos, and Robinson caught three passes for a team high 62 receiving yards in the big game.

Tom Jackson (American football, born 1951)

Thomas Louie Jackson, also referred to as "TJ" or "Tommy", (born April 4, 1951) is a former NFL linebacker for the Denver Broncos, where he was part of the "Orange Crush Defense". Jackson was a major component in the defense which led the Broncos to Super Bowl XXI against the New York Giants. After his playing career ended, he enjoyed a successful 29-year run as an NFL analyst for ESPN. He was given the Pete Rozelle Award for excellence in broadcasting by the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 2015.

Vince Warren

Vincent Leo Warren (born February 18, 1963) is a former American football wide receiver who played one season with the New York Giants of the National Football League. He was drafted by the New York Giants in the fifth round of the 1986 NFL Draft. He played college football at San Diego State University and attended Eldorado High School in Albuquerque, New Mexico. He was a member of the New York Giants team that won Super Bowl XXI.

Zeke Mowatt

Ezekiel Mowatt (born March 5, 1961) is a former American football tight end in the National Football League who played for the New York Giants and the New England Patriots. He played college football at Florida State University. Mowatt caught a touchdown pass from Phil Simms in Super Bowl XXI.

In 1990, then-Boston Herald sportswriter Lisa Olson alleged she was approached and sexually harassed in a locker room by five semi-naked members of the New England Patriots football team, which included Mowatt, Michael Timpson and Robert Perryman, during a September 17 interview. Mowatt was fined $12,500 by the NFL for his alleged involvement.In 1994, Mowatt founded Mowatt Inc, a janitorial service based out of Hackensack, New Jersey with regional offices located in Pennsylvania and Maryland.

Scoring summary
Quarter Time Drive Team Scoring information Score
Plays Yards TOP DEN NYG
1 10:51 8 45 4:09 DEN 48-yard field goal by Rich Karlis 3 0
1 5:27 9 78 5:24 NYG Zeke Mowatt 6-yard touchdown reception from Phil Simms, Raul Allegre kick good 3 7
1 2:06 6 58 3:21 DEN John Elway 4-yard touchdown run, Karlis kick good 10 7
2 2:46 3 –15 0:47 NYG Elway tackled in end zone for a safety by George Martin 10 9
3 10:08 8 63 4:52 NYG Mark Bavaro 13-yard touchdown reception from Simms, Allegre kick good 10 16
3 3:54 9 32 5:07 NYG 21-yard field goal by Allegre 10 19
3 0:24 5 68 2:14 NYG Joe Morris 1-yard touchdown run, Allegre kick good 10 26
4 10:56 6 52 3:50 NYG Phil McConkey 6-yard touchdown reception from Simms, Allegre kick good 10 33
4 6:01 13 73 4:55 DEN 28-yard field goal by Karlis 13 33
4 4:18 5 46 2:43 NYG Ottis Anderson 2-yard touchdown run, Allegre kick no good 13 39
4 2:06 5 69 1:12 DEN Vance Johnson 47-yard touchdown reception from Elway, Karlis kick good 20 39
"TOP" = time of possession. For other American football terms, see Glossary of American football. 20 39
New York Giants Super Bowl XXI champions
Key personnel
Division championships (22)
Conference championships (11)
League championships (8)
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Key personnel
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Division championships (15)
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League championships (3)
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NFL Championship Game
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