Super Bowl XV

Super Bowl XV was an American football game between the American Football Conference (AFC) champion Oakland Raiders and the National Football Conference (NFC) champion Philadelphia Eagles to decide the National Football League (NFL) champion for the 1980 season. The Raiders defeated the Eagles by the score of 27–10, becoming the first wild card playoff team to win a Super Bowl.

The game was played at the Louisiana Superdome in New Orleans, Louisiana, on January 25, 1981, five days after the Iran hostage crisis ended. The game was thus held under patriotic fervor, as the pregame ceremonies honored the end of the crisis.

The Raiders were making their third Super Bowl appearance after posting an 11–5 regular season record, but losing a tiebreaker to the AFC West division winner San Diego Chargers. Oakland then advanced to the Super Bowl with playoff victories over the Houston Oilers, Cleveland Browns, and San Diego. The Eagles were making their first Super Bowl appearance after posting a 12–4 regular season record and postseason victories over the Minnesota Vikings and the Dallas Cowboys.

Aided by two touchdown passes from quarterback Jim Plunkett, the Raiders jumped out to a 14–0 lead in the first quarter of Super Bowl XV, from which the Eagles never recovered. Oakland linebacker Rod Martin also intercepted Philadelphia quarterback Ron Jaworski three times for a Super Bowl record. Plunkett was named the Super Bowl MVP after completing 13 of 21 passes for 261 yards and three touchdowns, while also rushing for 9 yards. Plunkett was also the second Heisman Trophy winner to be named Super Bowl MVP after Roger Staubach in Super Bowl VI.

Super Bowl XV
Super Bowl XV Logo
Oakland Raiders (4)
(AFC)
(11–5)
Philadelphia Eagles (2)
(NFC)
(12–4)
27 10
Head coach:
Tom Flores
Head coach:
Dick Vermeil
1234 Total
OAK 140103 27
PHI 0307 10
DateJanuary 25, 1981
StadiumLouisiana Superdome, New Orleans, Louisiana
MVPJim Plunkett, quarterback
FavoriteEagles by 3[1][2]
RefereeBen Dreith
Attendance76,135[3]
Current/Future Hall of Famers
Raiders: Al Davis (owner/general manager), Ray Guy, Art Shell, Gene Upshaw, Ted Hendricks
Eagles: Claude Humphrey
Ceremonies
National anthemHelen O'Connell
Coin tossMarie Lombardi, widow of Vince Lombardi
Halftime showJim Skinner Productions presents "Mardi Gras Festival"
TV in the United States
NetworkNBC
AnnouncersDick Enberg, Merlin Olsen, John Brodie, and Len Dawson
Nielsen ratings44.4
(est. 68.29 million viewers)[4]
Market share63
Cost of 30-second commercial$324,000

Background

The NFL awarded Super Bowl XV to New Orleans on March 13, 1979 at the owners meetings in Honolulu.[5]

Oakland Raiders

Super Bowl XV was the climax of Plunkett's revival as an NFL starting quarterback. The 1970 Heisman Trophy winner was drafted by the New England Patriots and was later named the 1971 NFL Rookie of the Year. But Plunkett suffered through five losing seasons with the Patriots and two uneven seasons with the San Francisco 49ers before being released as a free agent before the 1978 season.

Plunkett was signed by Oakland to be their backup quarterback, and thus he did not see much playing time, throwing no passes in 1978 and just 15 passes in 1979. But after the Raiders started the 1980 season with a 2–3 record, starter Dan Pastorini broke his leg and suddenly Plunkett was thrust into the starting role. The 33-year-old Plunkett got off to a bad start, throwing 5 interceptions in a 31–17 loss to the Kansas City Chiefs after relieving Pastorini. However, he recovered and led the Raiders to victory in 9 of their last 11 games in the season, qualifying for the playoffs as a wild card team. Plunkett made 165 out of 320 pass completions for 2,299 yards, 18 touchdown passes, and was intercepted 15 times. He also contributed 141 rushing yards and 2 touchdowns on the ground.

The Raiders' main offensive deep threat was wide receiver Cliff Branch (44 receptions, 858 yards, 7 touchdowns), while wide receiver Bob Chandler contributed 49 receptions for 786 yards and 10 touchdowns. Running back Mark van Eeghen was the team's top rusher with 838 yards and 5 touchdowns, while also catching 29 passes for 259 yards. Halfback Kenny King rushed for 761 yards and catching 22 passes for 145 yards. The Raiders also had an outstanding offensive line led by two future Hall of Famers, tackle Art Shell and guard Gene Upshaw. Upshaw became the first player to play in three Super Bowls with the same team in three different decades. He also played in Super Bowls II (1967) and XI (1976).

Oakland's defense, anchored by defensive end John Matuszak, was punishing. Defensive back Lester Hayes led the league in interceptions (13) and interception return yards (273), and was the league's Defensive Player of the Year. The Raiders also had a trio of great linebackers: future Hall of Famer Ted Hendricks, Pro Bowler Rod Martin (3 Interceptions), and standout rookie Matt Millen.

The Raiders were led by head coach Tom Flores, the first Hispanic coach to win a Super Bowl.

Philadelphia Eagles

In 1980, under head coach Dick Vermeil, the Philadelphia Eagles, who had not played in a league championship since their 1960 NFL championship, advanced to their first ever Super Bowl. The Eagles were led by quarterback Ron Jaworski, who completed 257 out of 451 passes for 3,529 yards during the regular season, including 27 touchdowns and only 12 interceptions. Another key player on the Eagles offense was halfback Wilbert Montgomery, who was widely considered one of the top running backs in the NFL and had rushed for over 1,200 yards in each of the last two seasons. Injuries during the 1980 regular season had limited him to just 778 yards, but he proved he was fully recovered in the postseason by rushing for 194 yards in the NFC title game. Montgomery was also a superb receiver out of the backfield, recording 50 receptions for 407 yards. The other main deep threats on offense, wide receivers Harold Carmichael and Charlie Smith, along with tight end Keith Krepfle, combined for 125 receptions, 2,090 yards, and 16 touchdowns.

The Eagles' defense led the league in fewest points allowed during the regular season (222). Nose tackle Charlie Johnson anchored the line, and even managed to record 3 interceptions. Defensive end Claude Humphrey led the team in sacks with 14.5. Linebackers Jerry Robinson and Bill Bergey excelled at both stopping the run and pass coverage. Philadelphia also had a fine secondary, led by veteran defensive backs Herman Edwards (3 interceptions) and Brenard Wilson (6 interceptions), along with rookie Roynell Young (4 interceptions). The Eagles' defense was a major factor in their hard fought 10–7 victory over the Raiders in the regular season; they sacked Plunkett 8 times.

Playoffs

The Eagles advanced through the playoffs, defeating the Minnesota Vikings, 31–16, and the Dallas Cowboys, 20–7.

Meanwhile, Plunkett and the Raiders defeated the Houston Oilers 27–7, the Cleveland Browns 14–12 (on a play known as Red Right 88), and the San Diego Chargers 34–27. In doing so, Oakland became the third wild card team to advance to the Super Bowl, and the first wild card team to win three postseason rounds since the NFL expanded to a 10-team playoff format in 1978. Hayes had a spectacular performance in the playoffs, adding 5 more interceptions to give him a total of 18 picks in 19 games.

Super Bowl pregame news and notes

In the days before the game, most sports writers were speculating over whether, if the Raiders won, NFL Commissioner Pete Rozelle would present the Vince Lombardi Trophy to the team's owner Al Davis. Prior to the season, the league declined to approve the Raiders' proposal to move from the Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum in Oakland, California to the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum in Los Angeles. In response, Davis sued the NFL for violating antitrust laws. The conflict caused much friction between Rozelle and Davis. (The Raiders would eventually win the lawsuit, allowing the team to move to Los Angeles before the 1982 season.)

Oakland became the first team to avenge a regular-season loss in the Super Bowl. The Eagles defeated the Raiders 10–7 on November 23 at Veterans Stadium.

This game marked the first Super Bowl where both teams used the 3–4 defensive formation as their base defense. The Raiders were the first team to use the 3–4 in the Super Bowl in Super Bowl XI against the Minnesota Vikings, although the Miami Dolphins used a version of the 3–4 ("53 defense") in Super Bowl VI, Super Bowl VII and Super Bowl VIII. The 3–4 would be used by at least one team in every Super Bowl between Super Bowl XV and game XXVIII.

The Raiders became the first team to appear in a Super Bowl in three different decades (1960s, 1970s and 1980s), having previously played in Super Bowls II and XI.

Broadcasting

The game was broadcast in the United States by NBC, with Dick Enberg handling the play-by-play duties (Enberg's first Super Bowl in that role) and Merlin Olsen serving as color analyst. (John Brodie and Len Dawson, in a separate broadcast booth, also provided occasional analysis during the game.) Bryant Gumbel and Mike Adamle of NFL '80 anchored the pregame, halftime, and postgame coverage. Also taking part on NBC's coverage of the game were Pete Axthelm and Bob Trumpy. Like the game two years before, NBC used the same custom, synthesizer-heavy theme in place of their regular music. This game would also be the first Super Bowl to air with closed captioning for the hearing impaired.

CHiPs was broadcast after the game, representing the Super Bowl lead-out program. Toward the end of NBC's coverage, a montage of the game, the arrival of the hostages following their release, and the inauguration of Ronald Reagan as the 40th President of the United States aired to the tune of "Celebration" by Kool & the Gang.

This Super Bowl is featured on NFL's Greatest Games under the title "The Cinderella Super Bowl".

Entertainment

The pregame festivities honored the end of the Iran hostage crisis (which was announced 5 days before the game), which featured a performance by the Southern University band. A large yellow bow 80-foot (24 m) long and 30 feet (9.1 m) wide was attached to the outside of the Superdome, while miniature bows were given to fans.

Singer, actress, and dancer Helen O'Connell later sang the national anthem. The coin toss ceremony featured Marie Lombardi, the widow of Pro Football Hall of Fame Green Bay Packers head coach Vince Lombardi.

The halftime show, featuring singers and dancers, was a "Mardi Gras Festival", with a performance from "Up With People".

Game summary

First Quarter

Oakland linebacker Rod Martin intercepted Eagles quarterback Ron Jaworski's first pass of the game and returned it 17 yards to Philadelphia's 30-yard line, setting up Jim Plunkett's 2-yard touchdown pass to wide receiver Cliff Branch seven plays later. After each team punted once, Jaworski threw a 40-yard touchdown pass to wide receiver Rodney Parker, but the score was nullified by an illegal motion penalty on wide receiver Harold Carmichael, and the Eagles ended up being forced to punt. The Raiders later scored another touchdown with about a minute left in the quarter. On third down from the Oakland 20-yard line, Plunkett threw the ball to running back Kenny King at the 39-yard line as he was scrambling around in the backfield to avoid being sacked. King caught the pass as it carried just over the outstretched arms of defensive back Herman Edwards and took off to the end zone for a Super Bowl record 80-yard touchdown reception. The Raiders led 14-0 and tied the Miami Dolphins' record (which still stands) for the largest Super Bowl lead (14 points) at the end of the first quarter, set in Super Bowl VIII.

Second Quarter

The Eagles managed to respond on their next drive, with Jaworski completing passes to tight end John Spagnola and Wilbert Montgomery for gains of 22 and 25 yards on a 61-yard drive that ended with a 30-yard field goal by Tony Franklin, making the score 14–3 five minutes into the second quarter. Then with less than 4 minutes left in the period, the Raiders reached the Eagles 27-yard line, only to have kicker Chris Bahr miss a 45-yard field goal. The Eagles then drove 62 yards to Oakland's 11-yard line. On third down, Parker got ahead of defensive back Odis McKinney and was open on a route into the end zone, but Jaworski overthrew him and the pass was incomplete. Then with just 54 seconds left in the half, Franklin attempted a 28-yard field goal, but Raiders linebacker Ted Hendricks extended his 6'7" frame at the line and blocked the kick.

Third Quarter

The Raiders then took the opening kickoff of the second half and scored quickly. Plunkett completed a 13-yard pass to King and a 32-yard completion to receiver Bob Chandler to move the ball to Philadelphia's 33-yard line. Then after a 4-yard run by running back Mark van Eeghen, Plunkett threw a 29-yard touchdown pass to Branch, increasing Oakland's lead to 21–3. The Eagles responded by driving 56 yards to the Raiders 34-yard line, but on third down and 3, Jaworski threw his second interception of the game to Martin. Oakland subsequently drove 40 yards and scored with Bahr's 46-yard field goal, increasing their lead to 24–3.

Fourth Quarter

The Eagles finally managed to score a touchdown that counted early in the fourth quarter to cut their deficit to 24–10. Starting from their own 12-yard line, a 43-yard reception by receiver Charlie Smith sparked an 88-yard, 12-play drive that was capped by Jaworski's 8-yard touchdown pass to tight end Keith Krepfle. But on their ensuing drive, Oakland marched from their own 11 to the Eagles 17-yard line. Philadelphia kept the Raiders out of the end zone, but Bahr kicked his second field goal, increasing Oakland's lead to 27–10.

Oakland's defense then dominated the rest the game, forcing two turnovers on Philadelphia's last 2 possessions of the game to prevent any chance of a comeback. On the Eagles' next drive, Jaworski fumbled a snap and Oakland lineman Willie Jones recovered it. Following a Raiders punt, Martin recorded a Super Bowl record third interception, and the Raiders ran out the clock to win the game.

Cliff Branch's two touchdown catches tied a Super Bowl record. Only Max McGee in Super Bowl I and John Stallworth in Super Bowl XIII caught two touchdowns prior to this. Jaworski finished the game with more completions (18) and yards (291) than Plunkett, but completed just 18 of 38 attempts and was intercepted 3 times. Van Eeghen was the top rusher of the game with 75 yards. King was the top receiver with 93 yards and a touchdown off of just 2 receptions. Eagles running back Wilbert Montgomery led Philadelphia in rushing and receiving with 44 rushing yards and 6 receptions for 91 yards. The Eagles' loss came hours after former head coach Joe Kuharich had died.

After the game, the expected heated confrontation between Rozelle and Davis was actually very civil. As Rozelle presented the Lombardi Trophy to Davis, he praised Plunkett, head coach Tom Flores, the players, and the entire Raiders organization for being the first wild card team to win the Super Bowl. Davis thanked Rozelle, then proceeded to also praise the team.

Oakland became only the second wild card team to make it to the Super Bowl and the first to come away victorious. The Super Bowl IV champion Kansas City Chiefs are often thought of as a "wild-card team," but they were not; during 1969, the season before the 1970 AFL-NFL Merger, the second-place finishers in both divisions of the American Football League qualified for the playoffs. Flores became the first person to be a member of a Super Bowl winning team as a player and head coach. He was a member of the Chiefs in Super Bowl IV, but did not play in the game.

Box score

Final statistics

Sources: NFL.com Super Bowl XV, Super Bowl XV Play Finder Oak, Super Bowl XV Play Finder Phi, Super Bowl XV Play by Play

Statistical comparison

Oakland Raiders Philadelphia Eagles
First downs 17 19
First downs rushing 6 3
First downs passing 10 14
First downs penalty 1 2
Third down efficiency 6/12 5/12
Fourth down efficiency 0/0 1/1
Net yards rushing 117 69
Rushing attempts 34 26
Yards per rush 3.4 2.7
Passing – Completions/attempts 13/21 18/38
Times sacked-total yards 1–1 0–0
Interceptions thrown 0 3
Net yards passing 260 291
Total net yards 377 360
Punt returns-total yards 2–1 3–20
Kickoff returns-total yards 3–48 6–87
Interceptions-total return yards 3–44 0–0
Punts-average yardage 3–42.0 3–36.3
Fumbles-lost 0–0 1–1
Penalties-total yards 5–37 6–57
Time of possession 29:49 30:11
Turnovers 0 4

Individual statistics

Raiders Passing
C/ATT1 Yds TD INT Rating
Jim Plunkett 13/21 261 3 0 145.0
Raiders Rushing
Car2 Yds TD LG3 Yds/Car
Mark Van Eeghen 18 75 0 8 4.17
Kenny King 6 18 0 6 3.00
Derrick Jensen 4 17 0 6 4.25
Jim Plunkett 3 9 0 5 3.00
Arthur Whittington 3 –2 0 –2 –0.67
Raiders Receiving
Rec4 Yds TD LG3 Target5
Cliff Branch 5 67 2 29 7
Bob Chandler 4 77 0 32 6
Kenny King 2 93 1 80 3
Raymond Chester 2 24 0 16 3
Mark Van Eeghen 0 0 0 0 1
Arthur Whittington 0 0 0 0 1
Eagles Passing
C/ATT1 Yds TD INT Rating
Ron Jaworski 18/38 291 1 3 49.3
Eagles Rushing
Car2 Yds TD LG3 Yds/Car
Wilbert Montgomery 16 44 0 8 2.75
Leroy Harris 7 14 0 5 2.00
Louie Giammona 1 7 0 7 7.00
Perry Harrington 1 4 0 4 4.00
Ron Jaworski 1 0 0 0 0.00
Eagles Receiving
Rec4 Yds TD LG3 Target5
Wilbert Montgomery 6 91 0 25 10
Harold Carmichael 5 83 0 29 8
Charles A. Smith 2 59 0 43 5
Keith Krepfle 2 16 1 8 3
John Spagnola 1 22 0 22 3
Rodney Parker 1 19 0 19 3
Leroy Harris 1 1 0 1 1
Billy Campfield 0 0 0 0 2

1Completions/attempts 2Carries 3Long gain 4Receptions 5Times targeted

Records Set

The following records were set in Super Bowl XV, according to the official NFL.com boxscore[7] and the ProFootball reference.com game summary.[8]

Player Records Set [8]
Longest scoring play 80 yds reception Kenny King
Passing Records
Most attempts, game 38 Ron Jaworski
Highest passer rating, game 145.0 Jim Plunkett
Longest pass 80 yds (TD)
Receiving Records
Longest Reception 80 yds (TD) Kenny King
Defense
Most interceptions, game 3 Rod Martin000(Oak)
Records Tied
Most touchdowns, game 2 Cliff Branch
Most receiving touchdowns, game 2
Most completions, game 18 Ron Jaworski
Most interceptions, career 3 Rod Martin
Most kickoff returns, game 5 Billy Campfield000(Phi)
Most 40-plus yard field goals, game 1 Chris Bahr000(Oak)
  • ‡ Sacks an official statistic since Super Bowl XVII by the NFL. Sacks are listed as "Tackled Attempting to Pass" in the official NFL box score for Super Bowl XV.[7]
Team Records Set [8]
Defense
Most yards allowed in a win 360 Raiders
Records Tied
Most points, first quarter 14 pts Oakland
Largest lead, end of first quarter 14 pts
Fewest turnovers, game 0
Fewest rushing touchdowns 0 Raiders
Eagles
Fewest times sacked 0 Eagles
Records Set, both team totals [8]
Total Raiders Eagles
Passing, Both Teams
Most passing yards (net) 551 yds 260 291
Fewest times sacked 1 1 0
Punting, Both Teams
Fewest punts, game 6 3 3
Records tied, both team totals
Most points, first quarter 14 pts 14 0
Fewest rushing touchdowns 0 0 0

Starting lineups

Source:[9]

Oakland Position Philadelphia
Offense
Cliff Branch WR Harold Carmichael
Art Shell LT Stan Walters
Gene Upshaw LG Petey Perot
Dave Dalby C Guy Morriss
Mickey Marvin RG Woody Peoples
Henry Lawrence RT Jerry Sisemore
Raymond Chester TE Keith Krepfle
Bob Chandler WR Charlie Smith
Jim Plunkett QB Ron Jaworski
Mark Van Eeghen RB Leroy Harris
Kenny King RB Wilbert Montgomery
Defense
John Matuszak LE Dennis Harrison
Reggie Kinlaw MG Charlie Johnson
Dave Browning RE Carl Hairston
Ted Hendricks LLB John Bunting
Matt Millen ILB Bill Bergey
Bob Nelson ILB Frank LeMaster
Rod Martin RLB Jerry Robinson
Lester Hayes LCB Roynell Young
Dwayne O’Steen RCB Herm Edwards
Mike Davis SS Randy Logan
Burgess Owens FS Brenard Wilson

Officials

  • Referee: Ben Dreith #12 second Super Bowl (VIII)
  • Umpire: Frank Sinkovitz #20 first Super Bowl on field
  • Head Linesman: Tony Veteri #8 fourth Super Bowl (II, VII, X)
  • Line Judge: Tom Dooley #10 first Super Bowl
  • Back Judge: Tom Kelleher #7 fourth Super Bowl (IV, VII, XI)
  • Side Judge: Dean Look #9 second Super Bowl (XIII)
  • Field Judge: Fritz Graf #17 third Super Bowl (V, VIII)
  • Alternate Referee: Dick Jorgensen #6 worked Super Bowl XXIV
  • Alternate Umpire: John Keck #4 worked Super Bowl XXX

Dooley, Graf, Kelleher and Veteri wore #7 at their respective officiating positions during 1979-81 (except Dooley was promoted to Referee for 1981, wearing #19), but Kelleher had priority on the number for the Super Bowl, due to his seniority. Kelleher and Veteri became the third and fourth officials to work four Super Bowls, joining Jack Fette and Stan Javie.

References

Specific

  1. ^ DiNitto, Marcus (January 25, 2015). "Super Bowl Betting History – Underdogs on Recent Roll". The Linemakers. Sporting News. Retrieved February 4, 2015.
  2. ^ "Super Bowl History". Vegas Insider. Retrieved February 4, 2015.
  3. ^ "Super Bowl Winners". NFL.com. Retrieved February 4, 2015.
  4. ^ "Historical Super Bowl Nielsen TV Ratings, 1967–2009 – Ratings". TV by the Numbers. January 18, 2009. Retrieved October 9, 2012.
  5. ^ "The Spokesman-Review - Google News Archive Search". news.google.com.
  6. ^ "Super Bowl Game-Time Temperatures". Pro Football Hall of Fame. Retrieved March 10, 2018.
  7. ^ a b "Super Bowl XV boxscore". NFL.com. Retrieved November 7, 2016.
  8. ^ a b c d "Super Bowl XV statistics". Pro Football reference.com. Retrieved November 6, 2016.
  9. ^ "Super Bowl XV–National Football League Game Summary" (PDF). NFLGSIS.com. National Football League. January 25, 1981. Retrieved March 10, 2018.

General

External links

1980 NFL season

The 1980 NFL season was the 61st regular season of the National Football League.

Prior to the season in March 1980, fellow NFL owners voted against the proposed move by the Raiders from Oakland, California to Los Angeles. Raider team owner Al Davis along with the Los Angeles Coliseum sued the NFL charging that they had violated antitrust laws. A verdict in the trial would not be decided until before the 1982 NFL season; however, the planned move to Los Angeles went through that very season.

Meanwhile, the season ended at Super Bowl XV played on January 25, 1981, in New Orleans, Louisiana, with these same Oakland Raiders defeating the Philadelphia Eagles 27–10, making them the first Wild Card team ever to win the Super Bowl.

Alva Liles

Alva Edison Liles (March 6, 1956 – January 7, 1998) was an American football defensive lineman who played one season in the National Football League with the Detroit Lions and Oakland Raiders. He played college football at Boise State University and attended Sacramento High School in Sacramento, California. Liles was also a member of the Oakland Invaders of the United States Football League. He was a member of the Oakland Raiders team that won Super Bowl XV.

Billy Campfield

William "Billy" Campfield (born August 20, 1956, in Las Vegas, Nevada) is a former American football running back in the National Football League for the Philadelphia Eagles and the New York Giants. He played in Super Bowl XV in 1981. He played college football at the University of Kansas and was drafted in the eleventh round of the 1978 NFL Draft.

Bob Nelson (linebacker)

Robert Lee Nelson (born June 30, 1953 in Stillwater, Minnesota) is a retired American football linebacker in the National Football League. He played for the Buffalo Bills, the San Francisco 49ers, and the Oakland/Los Angeles Raiders. He started in Super Bowl XV and in Super Bowl XVIII for the Raiders. Nelson played college football at the University of Nebraska.

Cliff Branch

Clifford Branch (born August 1, 1948) is a former American football wide receiver who spent his entire 14-year National Football League career with the Oakland/Los Angeles Raiders, winning three Super Bowl rings in Super Bowl XI, Super Bowl XV and Super Bowl XVIII. He is the only wide receiver to have played on all three Raiders Super Bowl teams.

Dave Pear

David Pear (born June 1, 1953 in Vancouver, Washington) is a retired NFL football player. He was the first Tampa Bay Buccaneers player to be selected to the Pro Bowl and played in Super Bowl XV for the winning Oakland Raiders.

Through his football career, Pear suffered a number of injuries which required spinal surgery and hip replacement and have resulted in vertigo, memory loss and speech impairment.

He has also been quoted saying, "Don't let your kids play football. Never."

Dick Jorgensen

Richard M. "Dick" Jorgensen (April 12, 1934 – October 10, 1990) was an American football official in the National Football League (NFL) for 22 years, through the 1989 season, the last 19 years as a referee.Jorgensen's officiating career was highlighted by being selected to referee Super Bowl XXIV in January 1990. He was an alternate official for Super Bowl VIII in 1974 and Super Bowl XV in 1981.

Dwayne O'Steen

Dwayne O'Steen (December 20, 1954 - September 21, 2001) was an American football player who played seven seasons as a cornerback in the National Football League. He was a part of the Oakland Raiders Super Bowl XV winning team. O'Steen died in 2001 of an apparent heart attack.

Henry Lawrence (American football)

Henry Lawrence (born September 26, 1951) is a former professional American football player. A two-time Pro Bowler, he played in the National Football League for 13 seasons as an offensive tackle with the Oakland/Los Angeles Raiders. He played in Super Bowl XI and was a starter in Super Bowl XV and Super Bowl XVIII for the Raiders earning three Super Bowl Championship Rings. Lawrence is a member of Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity. At the 2010 Alpha Phi Alpha Convention, Henry was the recipient of the Jesse Owens Achievement Award for his athletic excellence.

Lawrence has five children: Ishmael Lawrence, Isaac Lawrence, Juliet Lawrence, Itanza Lawrence and Portia Whitaker.

Ira Matthews

Ira Richard Matthews, III (born August 23, 1957) is a former American football kick returner and punt returner. He played three seasons for the Oakland Raiders of the National Football League (NFL). Matthews stood 5'8" and weighed 175 lbs which made it difficult to catch him. He played collegiate football at the University of Wisconsin, where he led the nation in punt returns in 1978, averaging 16.9 yards per punt return, including three for touchdowns.

Matthews was drafted by the Raiders in the sixth round (#142 overall) of the 1979 NFL Draft, where he earned recognition as one of the greatest returners in the franchise's history. He was named to the NFL 1979 All-Pro Team as a return man during his rookie season. On October 25, 1979, Matthews set a Monday Night Football record for kick-off returns with a 104-yard return against the San Diego Chargers. Matthews was a member of the Oakland Raiders Super Bowl XV championship team. During his three seasons with the Raiders he helped lead his team to win the 1980 Wild Card, 1981 AFC West Conference Championship, and Super Bowl XV. His active NFL career ended at the end of his 1981 season due to injuries. In three seasons, Matthews returned 95 punts for 678 yards and 71 kickoffs for 1602 yards and a touchdown.

In 1983, Matthews resurfaced in professional American football when he signed mid-season with the Boston Breakers of the United States Football League. Appearing in 5 games, he returned 13 kicks for 210 yards and 3 punts for 15 yards.

Keith Moody

Keith M. Moody (born June 13, 1953) is a former American football defensive back in the National Football League (NFL). He was drafted by the Buffalo Bills in the 10th round of the 1976 NFL Draft. He played college football at Syracuse.

Moody also played for the Oakland Raiders and earned a Super Bowl ring with them in Super Bowl XV. He finished his career in 1983 with the USFL's New Jersey Generals. He is also a member of the Syracuse Sports Hall of Fame.Recently Moody has been working at the MVLA High School District, where he is now an executive.

Kenny King (running back)

Kenneth Leon "Kenny" King (born March 7, 1957) is a former American football running back who played seven seasons in the National Football League, mainly with the Oakland/Los Angeles Raiders. He was a starter for the Raiders in Super Bowl XV and Super Bowl XVIII.

List of Super Bowl halftime shows

Halftime shows are a tradition during American football games at all levels of competition. Entertainment during the Super Bowl, the annual championship game of the National Football League (NFL), represents a fundamental link to pop culture, which helps broaden the television audience and nationwide interest. As the Super Bowl itself is typically the most-watched event on television in the United States annually, the halftime show has been equally-viewed in recent years: the halftime show of Super Bowl XLIX featuring Katy Perry was viewed by 118.5 million, as part of an overall telecast that peaked at 120.3 million at its conclusion—the most-watched television broadcast in U.S. history. The NFL announced that the Super Bowl LI halftime show, with Lady Gaga was the "most-watched musical event of all-time," citing a figure of 150 million viewers based on the television audience, as well as unique viewership of video postings of the halftime show on the league's platforms, and social media interactions (a metric that was never calculated prior to 2017). The show was seen by 117.5 million television viewers, making it the second-highest-rated halftime show on network broadcast.Prior to the early 1990s, the halftime show was based around a theme, and featured university marching bands (the Grambling State University Marching Band has performed at the most Super Bowl halftime shows, featuring in six shows including at least one per decade from the 1960s to the 1990s), drill teams, and other performance ensembles such as Up with People. Beginning in 1991, the halftime show began to feature pop music acts such as New Kids on the Block and Gloria Estefan. In an effort to boost the prominence of the halftime show to increase viewer interest, Super Bowl XXVII featured a headlining performance by Michael Jackson. After Super Bowl XXXVIII, whose halftime show featured an incident where Justin Timberlake exposed one of Janet Jackson's breasts, the halftime show began to feature classic rock acts until the return of headlining pop musicians in 2011.

Monte Johnson

Monte C. Johnson (born October 26, 1951) is a retired American football player. Johnson, who never started in college, was selected by The Oakland Raiders during the second round of the 1973 NFL Draft as the 49th player selected overall. Johnson attended the University of Nebraska and won two National Championships with Nebraska, and one Super Bowl (XI) with the Oakland Raiders. Johnson was injured in the 1980 season, and as a result did not play in Super Bowl XV, when the Raiders defeated the Eagles. Johnson considers the 1977 AFC Divisional playoff game against the Baltimore Colts, a game known as, "Ghost to the Post", to be his greatest game. Johnson finished the game, which went to double overtime, with 22 tackles despite suffering a broken vertebra during regulation. Johnson retired from professional football in 1981, after eight seasons in Oakland, as a result of a career-ending knee injury he incurred early in the 1980 season.

After retirement, Johnson moved his family to Atlanta, where he currently has his own business, Family Capital Management, a multi-family family office.

Petey Perot

Edward Joseph "Petey" Perot (born April 28, 1957) is a former professional American football offensive lineman. He started in Super Bowl XV for the Philadelphia Eagles. Perot played college football at Northwestern State University and was drafted in the second round of the 1979 NFL Draft by the Eagles. He also played for the New Orleans Saints in 1985.Following his playing career, Perot coached at Southern Miss and Louisiana Tech.

Rich Martini

Richard William Martini (born November 19, 1955) is a former professional American football player who played wide receiver for four seasons for the Oakland Raiders and one season for the New Orleans Saints. He played on special teams in the Raiders Super Bowl victory against the Philadelphia Eagles in Super Bowl XV. Martini attended UC Davis, where he also excelled in baseball as a centerfielder, and was drafted by the Los Angeles Dodgers and Texas Rangers.

Roynell Young

Roynell Young (born December 1, 1957) is a former professional American football safety and cornerback who played for the Philadelphia Eagles his entire National Football League (NFL) career, from 1980 to 1988. Young was selected by the Eagles from Alcorn State University in the first round (23rd overall) of the 1980 NFL Draft. In his rookie year, he played in Super Bowl XV and was selected to the Pro Bowl in his second season. He was one of two players who played in both Super Bowl XV and The Fog Bowl for the Eagles. The other was offensive lineman Ron Baker. Young was inducted to the Alcorn State University Sports Hall of Fame in November 2017.

Tom Dooley (American football)

Robert Thomas "Tom" Dooley Jr. (September 15, 1934 – May 9, 2018) was an American football official for 32 years with 14 of those years in the National Football League (NFL) from 1978 to 1992 as a line judge and referee. Dooley was assigned Super Bowl XV in 1981 as a line judge. In the NFL, he wore the uniform numbers 103 and 6.

Tom Flores

Thomas Raymond Flores (born March 21, 1937) is a Mexican-American former professional football coach and player.

He and Mike Ditka are the only two people in National Football League history to win a Super Bowl as a player, assistant coach, and head coach (Super Bowl IV as a player for the Chiefs, Super Bowl XI as an assistant coach of the Raiders, and Super Bowl XV and Super Bowl XVIII as head coach of the Raiders). Flores was also the first Hispanic starting quarterback and the first minority head coach in professional football history to win a Super Bowl.Until his dismissal in 2018, Flores served as radio announcer for the Raiders Radio Network.

Scoring summary
Quarter Time Drive Team Scoring information Score
Plays Yards TOP OAK PHI
1 8:56 7 30 4:16 OAK Cliff Branch 2-yard touchdown reception from Jim Plunkett, Chris Bahr kick good 7 0
1 :09 3 86 :57 OAK Kenny King 80-yard touchdown reception from Plunkett, Bahr kick good 14 0
2 10:28 8 61 4:41 PHI 30-yard field goal by Tony Franklin 14 3
3 12:24 5 76 2:36 OAK Branch 29-yard touchdown reception from Plunkett, Bahr kick good 21 3
3 4:35 7 40 3:45 OAK 46-yard field goal by Bahr 24 3
4 13:59 12 88 5:36 PHI Keith Krepfle 8-yard touchdown reception from Ron Jaworski, Franklin kick good 24 10
4 8:29 11 72 5:30 OAK 35-yard field goal by Bahr 27 10
"TOP" = time of possession. For other American football terms, see Glossary of American football. 27 10
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