Super Bowl XIII

Super Bowl XIII was an American football game between the American Football Conference (AFC) champion Pittsburgh Steelers and the National Football Conference (NFC) champion Dallas Cowboys to decide the National Football League (NFL) champion for the 1978 season. The Steelers defeated the Cowboys by the score of 35–31. The game was played on January 21, 1979, at the Orange Bowl in Miami, the fifth and last time that the Super Bowl was played in that stadium.

This was the first Super Bowl that featured a rematch of a previous one (the Steelers had previously beaten the Cowboys, 21–17, in Super Bowl X), and both teams were attempting to be the first club to ever win a third Super Bowl. Dallas was also the defending Super Bowl XII champion, and finished the 1978 regular season with a 12–4 record, and posted playoff victories over the Atlanta Falcons and the Los Angeles Rams. Pittsburgh entered the game after posting a 14–2 regular season record and playoff wins over the Denver Broncos and the Houston Oilers.

Steelers quarterback Terry Bradshaw, who was named Super Bowl MVP, completed 17 out of 30 passes for Super Bowl records of 318 passing yards and 4 touchdown passes. Bradshaw eclipsed Bart Starr's Super Bowl record for passing yards in the first half with 253 yards in the air as the Steelers led 21–14 at intermission. His 75-yard touchdown pass in the second quarter also tied Johnny Unitas in Super Bowl V for the longest pass in a Super Bowl. The Cowboys were able to stay close, only trailing 21–17 at the end of the third quarter, but Pittsburgh scored two touchdowns in a span of 19 seconds in the fourth period. Dallas also could not overcome turnovers, drops, and a controversial penalty during the second half. The Cowboys were eventually able to score two touchdowns in the final minutes of the game, but still ended up being the first defending champion to lose in the Super Bowl and the first losing Super Bowl team to score 30 points or more.

Super Bowl XIII
Super Bowl XIII
Pittsburgh Steelers (1)
(AFC)
(14–2)
Dallas Cowboys (2)
(NFC)
(12–4)
35 31
Head coach:
Chuck Noll
Head coach:
Tom Landry
1234 Total
PIT 714014 35
DAL 77314 31
DateJanuary 21, 1979
StadiumOrange Bowl, Miami, Florida
MVPTerry Bradshaw, quarterback
FavoriteSteelers by 3.5[1][2]
RefereePat Haggerty
Attendance79,484[3]
Current/Future Hall of Famers
Steelers: Art Rooney (owner), Dan Rooney (team administrator), Chuck Noll (coach), Mel Blount, Terry Bradshaw, Tony Dungy‡, Joe Greene, Jack Ham, Franco Harris, Jack Lambert, John Stallworth, Lynn Swann, Mike Webster ‡ elected as a coach.
Cowboys: Tex Schramm (team administrator), Gil Brandt (team administrator), Tom Landry (coach), Mike Ditka‡ (assistant coach), Tony Dorsett, Jackie Smith, Roger Staubach, Ernie Stautner‡ (assistant coach), Randy White, Rayfield Wright ‡ elected as a player.
Ceremonies
National anthemThe Colgate Thirteen
Coin tossGeorge Halas
Halftime showBob Jani presents "Carnival: A Salute to the Caribbean"[4]
TV in the United States
NetworkNBC
AnnouncersCurt Gowdy, John Brodie and Merlin Olsen
Nielsen ratings47.1
(est. 74.74 million viewers)[5]
Market share74
Cost of 30-second commercial$185,000

Background

The NFL awarded Super Bowl XIII to Miami on June 14, 1977 at the owners meetings held in New York.

For the 1978–79 season, the NFL extended its schedule from 14 regular season games to 16 (which remains in place today, although the playoffs have since been expanded), and increased the playoffs from an 8-team tournament to 10, creating two extra playoff games. The three division winners from each conference would be ranked first through third and be given a week off, and two wild card teams from each conference, seeded fourth and fifth, would play a playoff game with the winner going on to play the first seeded team (or, if they were in the same division, the second seed).

In Super Bowls past the designated home team wore their colored jerseys, while the "visiting" team wore white. This was a rule implemented by the NFL and the teams had no choice in this matter. Super Bowl XIII was the first time the "home team" had the choice of which uniform to wear. Subsequently the Cowboys chose to wear their white jerseys, and Pittsburgh were forced to wear their colored since they were the designated visiting team. Home team designation had been kept the same since the beginning, thus the NFC being designated the home team in the odd years, while the AFC being designated the home team in the even years.

Pittsburgh Steelers

The Steelers joined the Cowboys in their attempt to be the first team to ever win a third Super Bowl, after wins in Super Bowl IX and Super Bowl X. Pittsburgh quarterback Terry Bradshaw had the best season of his career, completing 207 of 368 passes for 2,915 yards and 28 touchdowns, with 20 interceptions. He ranked as the second highest rated passer in the league (84.8), his 28 touchdown passes led the league, and he won the NFL Most Valuable Player Award. Wide receivers Lynn Swann and John Stallworth provided the team with a great deep threat. Swann recorded 61 receptions for 880 yards and 11 touchdowns, while Stallworth had 41 receptions for 798 yards and 9 touchdowns. Tight end Randy Grossman, who replaced injured starter Bennie Cunningham for most of the season, also was a big factor, recording 37 receptions for 448 yards and a touchdown.

In the Steelers' rushing game, fullback Franco Harris was the team's leading rusher for the 7th consecutive season, recording 1,082 yards and 8 touchdowns, while also catching 22 passes for another 144 yards. Halfback Rocky Bleier had 633 rushing yards and 5 touchdowns, while also catching 17 passes for 168 yards. The Steelers' success on offense was due in large measure to their stellar offensive line, anchored by future Hall of Fame center Mike Webster.

Although Pittsburgh's "Steel Curtain" defense had some new starters this season, such as linemen John Banaszak and Steve Furness, and defensive back Tony Dungy,[6] they finished first in fewest points allowed (195), second in the league against the run (allowing 107.8 yards per game), and ranked third in fewest total yards allowed (4,529). Once again, defensive tackles Joe Greene and L. C. Greenwood anchored the line, while Pro Bowl linebackers Jack Ham and Jack Lambert combined for 7 interceptions. Dungy led the team with 6 interceptions, while the rest of the secondary, defensive backs Mel Blount, Donnie Shell, and Ron Johnson, combined for 11.

Dallas Cowboys

The Cowboys became the first team to appear in five Super Bowls (after playing in Super Bowls V, VI, X and XII). Dallas led the league in scoring (384) and was No. 2 in total yards (5,959). The defending Super Bowl champions were once again led by quarterback Roger Staubach. Staubach finished the season as the top rated passer in the NFL (84.9) by throwing 231 out of 413 completions for 3,190 yards and 25 touchdowns, with 16 interceptions. He also rushed for 182 yards and another touchdown. Wide receivers Drew Pearson and Tony Hill provided the deep passing threats, combining for 90 receptions, 1,537 yards, and 7 touchdowns. Tight end Billy Joe DuPree contributed 34 receptions for 509 yards and 9 touchdowns. Running back Tony Dorsett had another fine season, recording a total of 1,703 combined rushing and receiving yards, and scoring a total of 9 touchdowns. Fullback Robert Newhouse and halfback Preston Pearson also contributed from the offensive backfield, combining for 1,326 rushing and receiving yards, while Newhouse also scored 10 touchdowns. The Cowboys also had a superb offensive line, led by Herbert Scott and 12-time Pro Bowler Rayfield Wright.

The Cowboys' "Doomsday Defense" finished the season as the top-ranked defense in the league against the run by only allowing 107.6 yards per game, 2nd in total yards allowed (4,009), and 3rd in points allowed (208). Pro Bowl linemen Ed "Too Tall" Jones, Harvey Martin, and Randy White anchored the line, leading the league with 58 sacks, while linebackers Bob Breunig, D. D. Lewis and Thomas "Hollywood" Henderson provided solid support. Their secondary, led by safeties Cliff Harris and Charlie Waters, along with cornerbacks Benny Barnes and Aaron Kyle, combined for 16 interceptions.

The Cowboys started the regular season slowly, winning only six of their first ten games. But Dallas finished strong, winning their last six regular season games to post a 12–4 record.

Playoffs

Dallas marched through the playoffs, defeating the Atlanta Falcons, 27–20, and the Los Angeles Rams, 28–0. Meanwhile, the Steelers easily demolished the Denver Broncos, 33–10, and the Houston Oilers, 34–5.

Super Bowl pregame news and notes

Although the Super Bowl had grown into America's biggest one-day sporting event by this point, many believe the 13th edition began the game's evolution to unofficial national holiday. It was the first Super Bowl with a true heavyweight title-fight feel, given the Steelers' and Cowboys' unquestioned status as the two best teams in the NFL, and the honor of the first three-time Super Bowl champion (and likely team of the 1970s designation) that would go to the winner.

Super Bowl XIII can arguably be called the greatest collection of NFL talent ever to gather for a game. In addition to coaches Noll and Landry, 14 players would end up being voted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame. Of the 14 Hall of Fame players to play in this game, nine were Pittsburgh players (Bradshaw, Harris, Swann, Stallworth, Webster, Greene, Lambert, Ham, and Blount), and five were Dallas players (Staubach, Dorsett, White, Wright, and Jackie Smith). The Cowboys had lured Smith out of retirement from the St. Louis Cardinals, due to injuries to Cowboys tight ends; most notably, Jay Saldi. Other Hall of Famers who participated in the game representing the Cowboys were general manager/team president Tex Schramm, and defensive coordinator Ernie Stautner, who actually was a Hall of Fame defensive tackle for the Steelers. Additional Hall of Famers representing the Steelers included owner Art Rooney, Sr., and son Dan Rooney.

This was the first Super Bowl in which the designated "home" team was allowed to select between their primary team colored jersey or their white jersey, a rule similar to that of home games in the regular season and playoffs. Previously, the designated "home" team was required to wear their team colored jersey. The Cowboys, who traditionally wear their white jerseys in home games and often only wear their blue jerseys against teams that have similar policies for themselves (most notably against the Washington Redskins and occasionally the Philadelphia Eagles), were forced to wear their blue jerseys as the "home" team in Super Bowl V, which the team lost to the Baltimore Colts and is widely believed where the "blue jersey jinx" started with America's Team. Not wanting a repeat of that being the designated "home" team in Super Bowl XIII, the Cowboys were able to persuade the NFL to change the rule to allow the "home" team to choose so that they could wear their white jerseys. The Cowboys would later repeat the option of wearing white jerseys as the "home" team in Super Bowl XXVII, while the Redskins would do so in Super Bowl XVII and, ironically, the Steelers (who always wear their black jerseys in home games) did in Super Bowl XL due to the team's success on the road that season. The only other teams to wear white jerseys as the designated home team in a Super Bowl were the Denver Broncos in Super Bowl 50 and the New England Patriots in Super Bowl LII.

This was the first Super Bowl played on grass to match two teams which played their home games on artificial turf.

The Cowboys were playing their third Super Bowl at the Orange Bowl, the first team to play three different Super Bowls in the same stadium. The New England Patriots have since done the same playing three Super Bowls at the Mercedes-Benz Superdome. The Cowboys were 0–3 in Orange Bowl games and 5–0 in their other Super Bowls.

Much of the pregame hype surrounding Super Bowl XIII centered around Cowboys linebacker Thomas "Hollywood" Henderson. Henderson caused quite a stir before the NFC Championship Game by claiming that the Rams had "no class" and the Cowboys would shut them out. His prediction came true as the Cowboys did shut them out, aided by Henderson's 68-yard interception return for a touchdown. In the days leading up the Super Bowl, Henderson began talking about the Steelers in the same manner. He predicted another shutout and then made unflattering comments about several Pittsburgh players. He put down the talent and the intelligence of Bradshaw, proclaiming "Bradshaw couldn't spell 'cat' if you spotted him the 'c' and the 'a'." But the Steelers refused to get into a war of words with Henderson. Greene responded by saying the Steelers didn't need to say they were the best, they would just go out on the field and "get the job done.'"

The matchup of quarterbacks Terry Bradshaw and Roger Staubach is still the only one in Super Bowl history to feature two quarterbacks with two Super Bowl victories. With this start, Staubach became the first quarterback to start four Super Bowls. Bradshaw joined Fran Tarkenton, Bob Griese as well as Staubach as the only quarterbacks to start at least three Super Bowls. The only quarterbacks to start more Super Bowls than Staubach and Bradshaw are John Elway and Tom Brady, who guided the Broncos and Patriots to five and seven Super Bowls respectively. 49ers quarterback Joe Montana and Bills quarterback Jim Kelly later matched Staubach and Bradshaw by leading their teams to four Super Bowls.

Betting line

The point spread for the game opened at Pittsburgh -3.5 points. As the Steelers backers placed bets on them the sportsbooks adjusted the line. It eventually hit Pittsburgh -4.5 and then the Dallas money poured in on the Cowboys. It eventually settled at Pittsburgh at -4. The Steelers' four-point eventual margin of victory meant the Las Vegas sportsbooks lost the vast majority of wagers on the game. The game thus came to be known as "Black Sunday" in Las Vegas.[7]

Broadcasting

The game was televised in the United States by NBC, with Curt Gowdy handling play-by-play and sharing the booth with color commentators John Brodie and Merlin Olsen. Dick Enberg served as the pregame host for the broadcast. Also taking part in NBC's coverage were Bryant Gumbel, Mike Adamle (who also covered the Vince Lombardi Trophy presentation ceremony), Donna De Varona, and recently retired former Minnesota Vikings quarterback Fran Tarkenton. For this game and Super Bowl XV, NBC used a custom, synthesizer-heavy theme in place of their regular music.

This was Gowdy's seventh and final Super Bowl telecast, and his last major event for NBC before moving to CBS later in 1979. Enberg had essentially succeeded Gowdy as NBC's lead NFL play-by-play announcer in the 1978 regular season, and network producers didn't decide until nearly the last minute which man would get the Super Bowl call.[8]

The national radio broadcast of Super Bowl XIII was carried by the CBS Radio Network, with Jack Buck and Hank Stram calling the action and Pat Summerall hosting. Locally, Verne Lundquist and Brad Sham called the game for the Cowboys on KRLD-AM in Dallas, while Jack Fleming and Myron Cope called it for the Steelers on WTAE-AM in Pittsburgh. A technical glitch led to Fleming and Cope's commentary going out over NBC's television broadcast in place of the network's own audio during the coin toss ceremony.

Brothers and Sisters premiered on NBC after the game, representing the Super Bowl lead-out program.

The game was later featured on NFL's Greatest Games as Battle of Champions.

Entertainment

The pregame festivities featured the Dallas Cowboys Cheerleaders and several military bands. The Colgate Thirteen performed the national anthem, while the Stetson University Army ROTC Color Guard presented the Colors. The coin toss ceremony featured Pro Football Hall of Famer and longtime Chicago Bears owner/head coach George Halas, who was driven onto the field in a 1920 automobile to commemorate the 1920 founding of the NFL.

The halftime show was "Carnival: A Salute to the Caribbean" with various Caribbean bands.

Game summary

Both teams entered the game with the best defenses in the league (the Cowboys only allowed 107.6 rushing yards per game while the Steelers only allowed 107.8), and each side took advantage of the other team's mistakes throughout the game. But Dallas could not overcome their miscues in the second half.

First Quarter

On their opening drive, the Cowboys advanced to the Pittsburgh 38-yard line, with running back Tony Dorsett gaining 38 yards off 3 running plays. But they lost the ball on a fumbled handoff while attempting to fool the Steelers defense with a reverse-pass play. Receiver Drew Pearson later explained, "We practiced that play for three weeks. It is designed for me to hit Billy Joe 15 to 17 yards downfield. We practiced the play so much it was unbelievable we could fumble it. I expected the handoff a bit lower, but I should have had it. Billy Joe was in the process of breaking into the clear when the fumble occurred."[9] The play was similar to the near-turnover by Butch Johnson in the previous Super Bowl.

After defensive lineman John Banaszak recovered the loose ball on the Pittsburgh 47-yard line, the Steelers attempted 2 running plays with running back Franco Harris carrying the ball, but only gained 1 yard. Then on third down, wide receiver John Stallworth caught a 12-yard pass to the Cowboys' 40-yard line. Then after throwing an incomplete pass, Terry Bradshaw completed 2 consecutive passes, the second one a 28-yard touchdown completion to Stallworth to take a 7–0 lead.

On their next drive, the Cowboys responded by advancing to the Steelers 39-yard line, but were pushed back to their own 39-yard line after quarterback Roger Staubach was sacked twice, and they were forced to punt. On the Steelers' ensuing drive, Bradshaw threw a 22-yard pass to Harris and followed it up with a 13-yard pass to receiver Lynn Swann to move the ball to the Dallas 30-yard line. But on the next play, Dallas linebacker D. D. Lewis ended the drive by intercepting a pass intended for Stallworth. It was the first interception thrown by Bradshaw in Super Bowl play.

With a little more than a minute to go in the period, Bradshaw fumbled the ball while being sacked by Cowboys lineman Harvey Martin, and defensive end Ed "Too Tall" Jones recovered it. Staubach then capitalized on Bradshaw's mistake three plays later with a 39-yard scoring strike to receiver Tony Hill, tying the game at 7 as the first quarter expired. Pittsburgh sent eight men on an all-out blitz, but Staubach got the pass away just before he was hit by Steelers' safety Mike Wagner. Hill beat Donnie Shell in single-coverage and scored the only first-quarter touchdown surrendered by Pittsburgh all season (In Super Bowl X, the Cowboys also scored a first-quarter touchdown against a Steeler team that hadn't permitted one all year). Drew Pearson ensured the play's success by distracting Steelers cornerback Mel Blount, who was oblivious of Hill as he raced past Blount and Pearson en route to the end zone.

Second Quarter

The Steelers took possession at the start of the second quarter and advanced to their own 48-yard line. On the next play, Dallas linebackers Mike Hegman and Thomas "Hollywood" Henderson went after Bradshaw on a blitz. After taking the snap, Bradshaw collided with Franco Harris and the ball popped loose. Bradshaw scooped it up and rolled to his right, looking to pass, but Henderson wrapped him up before he could throw, while Hegman ripped the ball out of his hands and returned the fumble 37 yards for a touchdown, giving the Cowboys a 14–7 lead.

The Steelers had now turned the ball over on three consecutive possessions,[10] but the Cowboys' lead didn’t last long. On the third play of Pittsburgh's ensuing possession, Stallworth caught a pass from Bradshaw at the Steelers 35-yard line. He then broke a tackle from defensive back Aaron Kyle, waited for Swann and blockers to cross in front of him, turned toward the inside and outraced every other defender to the end zone, making a simple 10-yard pass into a 75-yard touchdown completion to tie the score, 14–14. Bradshaw later explained that Stallworth was not even the primary receiver on the play: "I was going to Lynn Swann on the post", he said, "but the Cowboys covered Swann and left Stallworth open. I laid the ball out there and it should have gone for about 15 yards, but Stallworth broke the tackle and went all the way."[9]

Pittsburgh's "Steel Curtain" defense then dominated the Dallas offense on their ensuing drive. First, Banaszak tackled fullback Robert Newhouse for 4-yard loss. Next, linebacker Jack Ham tackled Dorsett for a 3-yard loss on an attempted sweep. On third down, defensive tackle Joe Greene sacked Staubach, forcing a fumble that bounced through the hands of Steelers' defensive lineman Steve Furness. Cowboys lineman Tom Rafferty eventually recovered at the Dallas 13-yard line. Theo Bell then returned Danny White's ensuing 38-yard punt 3 yards to the Dallas 48-yard line.

The Steelers began their ensuing drive with Bradshaw's 26-yard completion to Swann. Jones tackled Harris for an 8-yard loss on the next play, but a subsequent holding penalty on Henderson gave Pittsburgh a first down at the Dallas 25-yard line. However, after an incomplete pass and a 2-yard run by Harris, Hegman sacked Bradshaw for an 11-yard loss on third down, pushing the ball back to the 34-yard line. The Steelers then came up empty after kicker Roy Gerela's 51-yard field goal attempt hit the crossbar.

With less than two minutes remaining in the half, Dallas advanced to the Pittsburgh 32-yard line, after starting from their own 34-yard line. But Blount exacted revenge from the first quarter by intercepting a pass from Staubach and returning it 13 yards to the 29, with a personal foul on Dallas tight end Billy Joe DuPree adding another 15 yards and giving the Steelers the ball at their own 44-yard line (note: the interception happened on exactly the same play that Drew Pearson scored on in the first quarter of Super Bowl X; Mike Wagner intercepted Staubach on exactly the same play call in the 4th quarter of the same game). Following a penalty, Bradshaw completed 2 passes to Swann for gains of 29 and 21 yards, moving the ball to the 16-yard line with 40 seconds left in the half. Next, after dropping a pass intended for him, Harris ran the ball to the 7-yard line. Then with just 26 seconds left, Bradshaw completed a 7-yard touchdown pass to fullback Rocky Bleier, giving the Steelers a 21–14 lead at halftime.

Third Quarter

The torrid scoring pace slowed during much of the third quarter, as both teams began to assert themselves on the defensive side of the ball. But late in the quarter, a 12-yard punt return by Cowboys receiver Butch Johnson gave Dallas good field position on their 42-yard line. The Cowboys subsequently drove down to the Steelers 10-yard line, mostly with Dorsett's rushing. Then on third down with less than three minutes remaining in the period, Staubach spotted 38-year-old reserve tight end Jackie Smith wide open in the end zone and threw him the ball. Head coach Tom Landry said Staubach tried to throw the ball soft when he saw how wide open Smith was and that it came in low, and that when Smith tried to stop, his feet seemed to come out from under him. Jackie Smith states that it was still a catchable ball and that he should have made the play. Instead, Smith dropped the pass and the Cowboys had to settle for a field goal from kicker Rafael Septién, cutting their deficit to 21–17.[11] Though Smith played 16 years in the league and is now enshrined in the Pro Football Hall of Fame, he is perhaps best known for this dropped touchdown, particularly in a championship game that was ultimately decided by four points.

Fourth Quarter

Two controversial penalties early in the fourth quarter paved the way for the Steelers to score 14 unanswered points.

The Steelers advanced to their own 44-yard line after a crucial 3rd down pass from Bradshaw to tight end Randy Grossman, a 13-yard pass to Swann, and a 5-yard run by Harris. Bradshaw then attempted a pass to Swann, but the receiver collided with Cowboys defensive back Benny Barnes and fell to the ground as the ball rolled incomplete. However, official Fred Swearingen (the referee of the Immaculate Reception game of 1972) called Barnes for pass interference. Replays showed that it could have been incidental contact, as Swann seemed to run into Barnes. The penalty gave Pittsburgh a first down at Dallas' 23-yard line.

Two plays later, the Steelers faced 3rd down and 4 from the Dallas 17. Henderson sacked Bradshaw for a 12-yard loss, but the play was nullified by a delay of game penalty on Pittsburgh, bringing up 3rd down and 9 instead of a fourth down. Replays clearly showed the whistle blew before the play's onset, plus most of the players pulled up and stopped playing after a whistle sounded, but Henderson claimed, "I didn't hear a whistle until after I had knocked Bradshaw down. The same guy (Swearingen) made that call too. Who is that guy?" " Franco Harris confronted Henderson for taunting Bradshaw after the whistle, and on the next play, Bradshaw handed the ball off to Harris, who raced untouched, with help from the Umpire Art Demmas impeding Cowboys safety Charlie Waters' attempt to tackle him, up the middle for a 22-yard touchdown run. The next day Waters was quoted as saying, "I don't know what I could do – maybe knock him [Umpire Demmas] flat and maybe he'd knock Franco flat? Our safeties play a vital role in the run. That official gets in the way a lot. He screened me off."[12] This score increased Pittsburgh's lead to 28–17. The run would be the Steelers' longest touchdown run in Super Bowl competition until Willie Parker scampered 75 yards for a score against the Seattle Seahawks in Super Bowl XL.

On the ensuing kickoff, video shows that Gerela slipped when trying to plant his foot, causing him to squib the ball, which bounced to Cowboys lineman Randy White at the 24-yard line. White, who was playing the game with a cast on his broken left hand, fumbled the ball before being hit by Tony Dungy, and Pittsburgh linebacker Dennis Winston recovered the ball at the Dallas 18-yard line. Remarkably, Winston wasn't even in the middle of the scrum when the fumble first occurred; he was standing by several teammates and decided to join the battle for the ball before referees intervened. On the next play, Bradshaw threw an 18-yard touchdown pass to Swann, increasing the Steelers' lead to 35–17 with less than 7 minutes left in the game. The touchdown was Bradshaw's last pass of the game.

Some of the Steelers were already celebrating victory on the sidelines, but the Cowboys refused to give up. On their next drive, Dallas drove 89 yards in 8 plays, including an 18-yard scramble by Staubach on 3rd and 11 and a 29-yard run by Dorsett, to score on Staubach's 7-yard touchdown pass to DuPree. Then after Dallas' Dennis Thurman recovered an onside kick at 2:19, Drew Pearson caught 2 passes for gains of 22 and 25 yards (the second catch on 4th down and 18) as the Cowboys drove 52 yards in 9 plays to score on Staubach's 4-yard touchdown pass to Butch Johnson. With the ensuing extra point, the Steelers' lead was cut to 35–31 with just 0:22 left in the game.

But the Cowboys' second onside kick attempt was unsuccessful. Bleier recovered the ball, and the Steelers were able to run out the clock to win the game.

Swann was the leading receiver in the game with 7 receptions for 124 yards and a touchdown. Stallworth recorded 115 yards and two touchdowns off just 3 receptions. Stallworth and Swann became the first pair of teammates to each have 100 yards receiving in a Super Bowl and first time two receivers did it in the same game. Dorsett was the top rusher of the game with 96 rushing yards, and also caught 5 passes for 44 yards. Harris was Pittsburgh's leading rusher with 68 yards, and he caught a pass for 22 yards. Staubach finished the game with exactly as many passing attempts (30) and completions (17) as Bradshaw, good for 228 passing yards, 3 touchdowns, and 1 interception. Butch Johnson caught 2 passes for 30 yards and a touchdown, returned 3 kickoffs for 63 yards, and gained 33 yards on 2 punt returns, giving him 126 total yards. Drew Pearson hauled in 4 passes for 73 yards, all in the fourth quarter.

Aftermath

The teams would face in yet another re-match in Three Rivers Stadium during Week 9 of the 1979 regular season, with the Steelers prevailing in a defensive slug fest, 14–3. Unlike Super Bowl XIII, Harris was able to break free of Doomsday, gaining 48 of his 102 yards on the game-clinching touchdown. The game was mostly remembered for L. C. Greenwood's hit of a sliding Staubach, causing a head injury that later influenced the quarterback to retire following the season.

Pittsburgh would cement their legacy as "The Team of the 70's" by winning Super Bowl XIV over the Los Angeles Rams, 31–19. The Cowboys would fall to the Rams in the Divisional Round in 1979 in Staubach's final game. Led by Danny White, Dallas would appear in three straight NFC Championship games from 1980–82 but wouldn't reach another Super Bowl until their 52–17 victory over the Buffalo Bills in Super Bowl XXVII. Super Bowl XIII is still widely regarded as one of the greatest Super Bowl games ever played. According to the nfl.com article "Ranking the Super Bowls" by media analyst Elliot Harrison, featuring Dallas personnel man Gil Brandt, Super Bowl XIII was the greatest of the first 49 played. According to Brandt, "Super Bowl XIII, in my mind, was the most memorable of the Super Bowls. Those were two great football teams. We (the Cowboys) made mistakes. We had Randy White on the return team with a cast on, and then he fumbled the kickoff ... which really hurt us. Even though we lost, I would say Super Bowl XIII was the greatest Super Bowl."[13]

Box score

Final statistics

Sources: NFL.com Super Bowl XIII, Super Bowl XIII Play Finder Pit, Super Bowl XIII Play Finder Dal

Statistical comparison

Pittsburgh Steelers Dallas Cowboys
First downs 19 20
First downs rushing 2 6
First downs passing 15 13
First downs penalty 2 1
Third down efficiency 9/15 8/16
Fourth down efficiency 0/0 1/1
Net yards rushing 66 154
Rushing attempts 24 32
Yards per rush 2.8 4.8
Passing – Completions/attempts 17/30 17/30
Times sacked-total yards 4–27 5–52
Interceptions thrown 1 1
Net yards passing 291 176
Total net yards 357 330
Punt returns-total yards 4–27 2–33
Kickoff returns-total yards 3–45 6–104
Interceptions-total return yards 1–13 1–21
Punts-average yardage 3–43.0 5–39.6
Fumbles-lost 2–2 3–2
Penalties-total yards 5–35 9–89
Time of possession 26:18 33:42
Turnovers 3 3

Individual statistics

Steelers Passing
C/ATT1 Yds TD INT Rating
Terry Bradshaw 17/30 318 4 1 119.2
Steelers Rushing
Car2 Yds TD LG3 Yds/Car
Franco Harris 20 68 1 22 3.40
Rocky Bleier 2 3 0 2 1.50
Terry Bradshaw 2 –5 0 2 –2.50
Steelers Receiving
Rec4 Yds TD LG3 Target5
Lynn Swann 7 124 1 29 12
John Stallworth 3 115 2 75 6
Randy Grossman 3 29 0 10 4
Theo Bell 2 21 0 12 4
Franco Harris 1 22 0 22 2
Rocky Bleier 1 7 1 7 2
Cowboys Passing
C/ATT1 Yds TD INT Rating
Roger Staubach 17/30 228 3 1 100.4
Cowboys Rushing
Car2 Yds TD LG3 Yds/Car
Tony Dorsett 16 96 0 29 6.00
Roger Staubach 4 37 0 18 9.25
Scott Laidlaw 3 12 0 7 4.00
Preston Pearson 1 6 0 6 6.00
Robert Newhouse 8 3 0 5 0.38
Cowboys Receiving
Rec4 Yds TD LG3 Target5
Tony Dorsett 5 44 0 13 6
Drew Pearson 4 73 0 25 7
Tony Hill 2 49 1 39 4
Butch Johnson 2 30 1 26 2
Billy Joe DuPree 2 17 1 10 4
Preston Pearson 2 15 0 8 5
Robert Newhouse 0 0 0 0 1
Jackie Smith 0 0 0 0 1

1Completions/attempts 2Carries 3Longest gain 4Receptions 5Times targeted

Records Set

The following records were set in Super Bowl XIII, according to the official NFL.com boxscore[15] and the ProFootball reference.com game summary.[16]
Some records have to meet NFL minimum number of attempts to be recognized.[17] The minimums are shown (in parenthesis).

Player Records Set [16]
Passing Records
Most attempts, career 98 Roger Staubach
Most completions, career 61
Highest completion
percentage, career, (40 attempts)
62.2% (61-98)
Most passing yards, career 734 yds
Most touchdown passes, career 8
Most passing yards, game 318 yds Terry Bradshaw
Most touchdown passes, game 4
Highest passer rating,
career, (40 attempts)
120.0
Highest average gain,
career (40 attempts)
9.9 yds (623-63)
Lowest percentage, passes
had intercepted, career, (40 attempts)
1.6% (1-63)
Rushing Records
Most yards, career 308 yds Franco Harris
Most attempts, career 81
Longest Touchdown Run 22 yds
Most rushing yards, game, Quarterback 37 yds Roger Staubach
Highest average gain, career (20 attempts) 5.23 yards (162-31) Tony Dorsett
Receiving Records
Most yards, career 285 yds Lynn Swann
Highest average gain, career (8 receptions) 25.9 yds (285-11)
Combined yardage records
Most Attempts, career 85 Franco Harris
Most yards gained, career 356
Fumbles
Most fumbles, career 5 Roger Staubach
Defense
Most sacks, career 5 L C Greenwood000(Pit)
Records Tied
Most touchdowns, game 2 John Stallworth
Most touchdowns, career 2 Franco Harris
Lynn Swann
John Stallworth
Butch Johnson000(Dal)
Most rushing touchdowns, career 2 Franco Harris
Most receiving touchdowns, career 2 John Stallworth
Lynn Swann
Butch Johnson
Longest scoring play 75 yds reception John Stallworth
Longest Reception 75 yds
Most receiving touchdowns, game 2
Longest pass 75 yds (TD) Terry Bradshaw
Most (one point) extra points, game 5 Roy Gerela000(Pit)
Most (one point) extra points, career 8
Most field goals attempted, career 6
Most fumble returns for touchdowns, game 1 Mike Hegman000(Dal)
  • † This category includes rushing, receiving, interception returns, punt returns, kickoff returns, and fumble returns.[18]
  • ‡ Sacks an official statistic since Super Bowl XVII by the NFL. Sacks are listed as "Tackled Attempting to Pass" in the official NFL box score for Super Bowl X.[15]
Team Records Set [16]
Most Super Bowl appearances 5 Cowboys
Most Super Bowl victories 3 Steelers
Touchdowns
Most touchdowns, losing team 4 Cowboys
Longest touchdown scoring drive 89 yds
Passing
Most yards passing (net) 291 yds Steelers
Most passing touchdowns 4
Records Tied
Most points, game 35 pts Steelers
Most touchdowns, game 5
Most (one point) PATs 5
Fewest first downs rushing 2
Most first downs, passing 15
Fewest punts, game 3
Most points, fourth quarter 14 pts Steelers
Cowboys
Fewest rushing touchdowns 0 Cowboys
Records Set, both team totals [16]
Total Steelers Cowboys
Points
Most points 66 pts 35 31
Most points scored, first half 35 pts 21 14
Most points scored, second half 31 pts 14 17
Most points, first quarter 14 pts 7 7
Most points, second quarter 21 pts 14 7
Most points, fourth quarter 28 pts 14 14
Touchdowns, PATs
Most touchdowns 9 5 4
Most (one point) PATs 9 (5-5) (4-4)
Passing
Most passing yards (net) 467 yds 291 176
Most passing touchdowns 7 4 3
First Downs
Most first downs, passing 28 15 13
Punt returns
Most yards gained, game 60 yds 27 33
Records tied
Most times sacked 9 4 5
Fewest first downs rushing 8 2 6

Starting lineups

Source:[19]

Pittsburgh Position Position Dallas
Offense
John Stallworth WR Tony Hill
Jon Kolb LT Pat Donovan
Sam Davis LG Herbert Scott
Mike Webster C John Fitzgerald
Gerry Mullins RG Tom Rafferty
Ray Pinney RT Rayfield Wright
Randy Grossman TE Billy Joe DuPree
Lynn Swann WR Drew Pearson
Terry Bradshaw QB Roger Staubach
Franco Harris RB Tony Dorsett
Rocky Bleier RB Robert Newhouse
Defense
L. C. Greenwood LE Ed "Too Tall" Jones
Joe Greene LT Larry Cole
Steve Furness RT Randy White
John Banaszak RE Harvey Martin
Jack Ham LLB Thomas Henderson
Jack Lambert MLB Bob Breunig
Loren Toews RLB D. D. Lewis
Ron Johnson LCB Benny Barnes
Mel Blount RCB Aaron Kyle
Donnie Shell SS Charlie Waters
Mike Wagner FS Cliff Harris

Officials

  • Referee: Pat Haggerty #40 first Super Bowl
  • Umpire: Art Demmas #78 first Super Bowl
  • Head Linesman: Jerry Bergman #17 first Super Bowl
  • Line Judge: Jack Fette #39 fourth Super Bowl (V, VIII, X)
  • Back Judge: Pat Knight #73 first Super Bowl
  • Side Judge: Dean Look #49 first Super Bowl
  • Field Judge: Fred Swearingen #21 first Super Bowl
  • Alternate Referee: Chuck Heberling #46 did not work a Super Bowl on the field
  • Alternate Linesman Al Sabato #10 worked Super Bowl VI

This was the first Super Bowl to use a seven-man officiating crew. The side judge was added by a vote of NFL owners at their March 1978 meeting.

Jack Fette became the first official to work four Super Bowls.

References

  1. ^ DiNitto, Marcus (January 25, 2015). "Super Bowl Betting History – Underdogs on Recent Roll". The Linemakers. Sporting News. Retrieved February 4, 2015.
  2. ^ "Super Bowl History". Vegas Insider. Retrieved February 4, 2015.
  3. ^ "Super Bowl Winners". NFL.com. National Football League. Retrieved February 4, 2015.
  4. ^ "Super Bowl - Entertainment". www.nfl.com.
  5. ^ "Historical Super Bowl Nielsen TV Ratings, 1967–2009 – Ratings". TVbytheNumbers. Retrieved October 9, 2012.
  6. ^ Pittsburgh defensive back Tony Dungy went on to coach the Indianapolis Colts to victory in Super Bowl XLI, becoming the third man in the history of NFL (along with Mike Ditka and Tom Flores) to win Super Bowls as a player and a head coach.
  7. ^ "Steelers-Cowboys Super Bowl marked 'Black Sunday' in Las Vegas in 1979". January 27, 2014. Archived from the original on October 13, 2015. Retrieved January 26, 2019.
  8. ^ Craig, Jack (January 7, 1979). "Gowdy picked to handle Super Bowl play-by-play". Boston Globe.
  9. ^ a b "Steelers Super Bowl XIII History". Archived from the original on January 2, 2007.
  10. ^ "USA Today Super Bowl XIII Play by Play".
  11. ^ Touchdown that wasn’t doomed Dallas, St. Petersburg Times, Ron Martz, January 22, 1979, page 5C. ‘ . . "That hurt us", said Landry, "because we had to settle for a field goal. Roger tried to throw it in there soft when he saw him so wide open and it came in a little low. When Jackie tried to stop, his feet seemed to come out from under him." . . ’
  12. ^ Gloomsday For Doomsday, Evening Independent [St. Petersburg, Florida], Gary Ledman, Monday, January 22, 1979, page 1-C.
  13. ^ Harrison, Elliot (January 27, 2015). "Ranking the Super Bowls". National Football League. Retrieved April 18, 2016.
  14. ^ "Super Bowl Game-Time Temperatures". Pro Football Hall of Fame. Retrieved March 10, 2018.
  15. ^ a b "Super Bowl XIII boxscore". NFL.com. Retrieved November 7, 2016.
  16. ^ a b c d "Super Bowl XIII statistics". Pro Football reference.com. Retrieved November 6, 2016.
  17. ^ "2016 NFL Factbook" (PDF). NFL. pp. 654–667. Retrieved November 7, 2016.
  18. ^ "Super Bowl definitions".
  19. ^ "Super Bowl XIII–National Football League Game Summary" (PDF). NFLGSIS.com. National Football League. January 21, 1979. Retrieved March 10, 2018.
1978 Dallas Cowboys season

The 1978 Dallas Cowboys season was their 19th in the NFL. For the third consecutive season, the Cowboys finished in first place in the NFC East. The Cowboys scored 384 points, which ranked first in the NFC, while the defense only gave up 208 points. Twice, the Cowboys appeared on Monday Night Football.

The Cowboys became the first franchise to appear in five Super Bowls. With their loss to Pittsburgh in Super Bowl XIII, they also became the first team to lose a Super Bowl after having won it the previous year.

1978 NFL season

The 1978 NFL season was the 59th regular season of the National Football League. The league expanded the regular season from a 14-game schedule to 16. Furthermore, the playoff format was expanded from 8 teams to 10 teams by adding another wild card from each conference. The wild card teams played each other, with the winner advancing to the playoff round of eight teams.

The season ended with Super Bowl XIII when the Pittsburgh Steelers defeated the Dallas Cowboys at the Orange Bowl in Miami.

The average salary for a player in 1978 was under $62,600, up 13.2 percent over the previous year. Fran Tarkenton was the highest-paid quarterback at $360,000 and running back O. J. Simpson was the highest paid player, at just under $733,400.

1978 Pittsburgh Steelers season

The 1978 Pittsburgh Steelers season was the franchise's 46th season in the National Football League (NFL). The season concluded with the team winning Super Bowl XIII to become the first franchise in the NFL to win three Super Bowl titles. The championship run was led by quarterback Terry Bradshaw and the team's vaunted Steel Curtain defense. Bradshaw put together the best year of his career to that point, becoming only the second Steeler to win the NFL MVP award. Ten Steelers players were named to the Pro Bowl team, and four were judged as first-team All-Pros by the AP. Head coach Chuck Noll returned for his tenth season—moving him ahead of Walt Kiesling as the longest tenured head coach in the team's history to that point.The Steelers entered the season as defending champions of the AFC Central Division, coming off a 9–5 record in 1977. Despite winning their division, the previous season was a difficult one for the team (both on and off the field) which culminated in a division round playoff loss to the Denver Broncos on Christmas Eve.

The team began the 1978 season with seven straight victories, before losing to the Houston Oilers in prime time on Monday Night Football. They finished the season with a league-best 14–2 record, including a 5-game winning streak to close the season. This record assured them they would play at home throughout the 1978 playoffs. It was also the best record compiled in the team's history (since surpassed only by a 15–1 mark in 2004).The 1978 Steelers team was rated the thirty-fifth best team in the history of the NFL (to September 2015) by FiveThirtyEight, a polling aggregation and statistical service. The rating is based upon FiveThirtyEight's proprietary Elo rating system algorithm. Only two Steelers teams were rated higher: the 1975 team at twelfth and the 2005 team one slot ahead of the 1978 team at thirty-fourth.

1978–79 NFL playoffs

The National Football League playoffs for the 1978 season began on December 24, 1978. The postseason tournament concluded with the Pittsburgh Steelers defeating the Dallas Cowboys in Super Bowl XIII, 35–31, on January 21, 1979, at the Orange Bowl in Miami.

This was the first year that the playoffs expanded to a ten-team format, adding a second wild card team (a fifth seed) from each conference. The two wild card teams from each conference (the 4 and 5 seeds) would play each other in the first round, called the "Wild Card Playoffs." The division winners (seeds 1, 2, and 3) automatically advanced to the Divisional Playoffs, which became the second round of the playoffs.

However, the league continued to prohibit meetings between two teams from the same division in the Divisional Playoffs. Thus, there would be times when the pairing in that round would be the 1 seed vs. the 3 seed and 2 vs. 4.

Art Demmas

Arthur George Demmas (July 7, 1934 – August 6, 2016) was an American football official for 28 seasons. He worked in the American Football League (AFL) in 1968 and 1969, and in the National Football League (NFL) from 1970 to 1996. During his career, Demmas was assigned to four Super Bowls (XIII, XVII, XXV, and XXVIII), all as an umpire. On the field, Demmas wore uniform number 78, which is now worn by Greg Meyer. He served as a league representative and observer for the NFL.

Demmas worked much of his career as the umpire on the crew of a fellow AFL official, referee Ben Dreith.

During the fourth quarter of Super Bowl XIII, Dallas Cowboys safety Charlie Waters collided with Demmas as he was moving into position to tackle Pittsburgh Steelers running back Franco Harris. Harris scored a touchdown on the play, giving the Steelers a 28–17 lead, and Pittsburgh went on to win the game, 35–31.

A native of Nashville, Tennessee, Demmas played football at and graduated from Vanderbilt University, learning the game from College Football Hall of Fame coach Jess Neely. Following graduation from Vanderbilt, Demmas enrolled in the Reserve Officers' Training Corps program. Commissioned as a second lieutenant, he was assigned to the U.S. Army Intelligence detail. He opted for an eight-year term, which consisted of six months active duty and seven-and-a-half years active reserve.Demmas died in August 2016 at the age of 82.

Dean Look

Dean Zachary Look (born July 23, 1937) was an American football and baseball player. He played college football as quarterback at Michigan State University and professional football for the New York Titans of the American Football League (AFL). He was also a Major League Baseball (MLB) outfielder, and American football official in the National Football League (NFL). He is most notable for his 29 years of service as an NFL official: first as line judge in 1972 and as side judge in 1978. He retired after the 2000 season. He was the side judge who signaled touchdown on the historical Joe Montana to Dwight Clark pass better known as "The Catch" during the 1982 NFC Championship game between the Dallas Cowboys and the San Francisco 49ers. As an official, Look wore the uniform number 49 and was assigned to three Super Bowls—Super Bowl XIII in 1979, Super Bowl XV in 1981, and Super Bowl XXVII in 1993.

Look was an All-American college football quarterback in 1959 playing for the Michigan State Spartans football team. He was drafted a year later by the Denver Broncos of the AFL, but played only one game in his career with the New York Titans in 1962.

Look had a brief stint in Major League Baseball, playing three games in 1961 for the Chicago White Sox of the American League. He had six at bats without getting a hit, pinch hitting in two games and getting his lone start in left field on September 30 against the Baltimore Orioles. He went 0 for 4.

On May 30, 2017, Look was announced as an inductee for the Michigan Sports Hall of Fame.

Fred Anderson (American football)

Fredell Lamont Anderson (born October 30, 1954) is a former National Football League (NFL) defensive lineman who played for the Pittsburgh Steelers (1978) and the Seattle Seahawks (1980–1982).

He played college football for Oregon State University, and then went to the Pittsburgh Steelers. He stayed there for the 1978 season before being released, and won Super Bowl XIII against the Dallas Cowboys. He was then picked up by the Seattle Seahawks in 1980, where he stayed for three seasons.

George Finkel

George Finkel (born July 29, 1936) is a television sports producer and director. He is the son of architect Maurice Herman Finkel. He graduated from University of Michigan in 1958.

He worked for NBC Sports from August 1971 to February 1990 and won three Emmys, for producing Super Bowl XIII, [for [1982 World Series|1982 Baseball World Series]], and for producing gymnastics at the 1988 Olympics.

He also produced the highest-rated basketball game in television history; the NCAA Final Game in 1979, which featured Michigan State, with Magic Johnson, over Indiana State, with Larry Bird.

John Banaszak

John Arthur Banaszak (born August 24, 1950) is an American football coach and former player. He was formerly the head football coach at Robert Morris University. Banaszak played in the National Football League with the Pittsburgh Steelers from 1975 to 1981. He is a three-time Super Bowl Champion. Banaszak was a starter at right defensive end for the Steelers in Super Bowl XIII and Super Bowl XIV. He later played in the United States Football League (USFL), winning a championship as a starting defensive end for the Michigan Panthers in 1983. Banazak played for Michigan in 1983 and 1984 and for the Memphis Showboats in 1985.

After his football career, owned a chain of oil change centers and worked for the Peters Township Recreation Department. In 1995, Banaszak became defensive coordinator of Washington & Jefferson College football team. He was promoted to head coach in 1999. He was fired from W&J after publicly exploring other coaching jobs. He left the college as the third-most winning coach in school history.Banaszak was an assistant football coach under Joe Walton at Robert Morris University in Pittsburgh. He officially began his duties as head coach at Robert Morris in December 2013

Banaszak was hospitalized in Pittsburgh on April 23, 2009 in serious condition. It was first reported that he had suffered multiple aneurysms. That was later found to be incorrect and he may have suffered from an overdose of aspirin which was being taken for neck pain.

List of Pittsburgh Steelers seasons

The Pittsburgh Steelers compete in the National Football League (NFL) as a member club of the American Football Conference (AFC) North division. Founded in 1933, the Steelers are the oldest franchise in the AFC; seven franchises in the National Football Conference (NFC) have longer tenures in the NFL. The team struggled to be competitive in its early history, posting winning records in just 8 of its first 39 seasons. Since the AFL–NFL merger in 1970, however, it has appeared in eight Super Bowls and one of only two teams, along with the New England Patriots have won the Super Bowl six times. The six championships place the Steelers fourth in the league in terms of total championships (including those prior to the first Super Bowl), trailing only the Green Bay Packers (13 championships), the Chicago Bears (9) and the New York Giants (8). The club's 15 AFC Championship Game appearances are second all-time, behind the Patriots (16). In addition, they have hosted the second-most conference championship games (11) than any franchise in either conference, and are tied for second with the Dallas Cowboys and Denver Broncos with eight Super Bowl appearances; the Patriots currently hold the record of eleven appearances, as of 2019.

From 1974 to 1979 the franchise became the first NFL franchise to win four Super Bowl titles in six seasons, a feat which is yet to be matched. The 2005 team was the first sixth-seeded team to advance to a conference championship game since the playoff field was expanded to 12 teams in 1990; the same team also became the first sixth-seed to win the Super Bowl. The Steelers are 6–2 in Super Bowls, winning Super Bowl IX, Super Bowl X, Super Bowl XIII, Super Bowl XIV, Super Bowl XL, Super Bowl XLIII and losing Super Bowl XXX and Super Bowl XLV.

As of the start of the 2018 season, the Steelers franchise are second all-time in playoff appearances, with 31, which is the most among active AFC franchises, as well as the most since the official start of the NFL-AFL merger in 1970. The Giants, Cowboys, and Packers are all tied for first all-time in playoff appearances, with 32 each.

Notes:

The Finish, Wins, Losses, Ties and Pct columns include only regular season results. Postseason results are shown only within the "Playoffs" column. Regular and postseason records are combined only at the bottom of the table.

T Tied for this position with at least one other team

1 For the purposes of calculating winning percentage ties count as ½ win and ½ loss

2 The Playoff Bowl (a.k.a. Bert Bell Benefit Bowl) is regarded as an unofficial post-season exhibition for third place

3 Ranked by conference rather than division (strike shortened season).

List of Super Bowl halftime shows

Halftime shows are a tradition during American football games at all levels of competition. Entertainment during the Super Bowl, the annual championship game of the National Football League (NFL), represents a fundamental link to pop culture, which helps broaden the television audience and nationwide interest. As the Super Bowl itself is typically the most-watched event on television in the United States annually, the halftime show has been equally-viewed in recent years: the halftime show of Super Bowl XLIX featuring Katy Perry was viewed by 118.5 million, as part of an overall telecast that peaked at 120.3 million at its conclusion—the most-watched television broadcast in U.S. history. The NFL announced that the Super Bowl LI halftime show, with Lady Gaga was the "most-watched musical event of all-time," citing a figure of 150 million viewers based on the television audience, as well as unique viewership of video postings of the halftime show on the league's platforms, and social media interactions (a metric that was never calculated prior to 2017). The show was seen by 117.5 million television viewers, making it the second-highest-rated halftime show on network broadcast.Prior to the early 1990s, the halftime show was based around a theme, and featured university marching bands (the Grambling State University Marching Band has performed at the most Super Bowl halftime shows, featuring in six shows including at least one per decade from the 1960s to the 1990s), drill teams, and other performance ensembles such as Up with People. Beginning in 1991, the halftime show began to feature pop music acts such as New Kids on the Block and Gloria Estefan. In an effort to boost the prominence of the halftime show to increase viewer interest, Super Bowl XXVII featured a headlining performance by Michael Jackson. After Super Bowl XXXVIII, whose halftime show featured an incident where Justin Timberlake exposed one of Janet Jackson's breasts, the halftime show began to feature classic rock acts until the return of headlining pop musicians in 2011.

Loren Toews

Loren James Toews (born November 3, 1951) is a retired NFL football player.

Toews graduated from Del Mar High School in San Jose, California and later University of California, Berkeley where he received his degree in biological sciences. In 1972, Toews was named the "most inspirational player" on the team at Berkeley and given the Stub Allison Award, named after California football coach Leonard B. "Stub" Allison.

That following year, in 1973 Toews was drafted in the eighth round by the Pittsburgh Steelers where he played as a linebacker for 11 seasons. While playing for the Steelers, Toews attended the University of Pittsburgh's Graduate School of Business and obtained his MBA degree in 1981.

Toews was a four-time Super Bowl participant and a four-time winner. He started in Super Bowl XIII and Super Bowl XIV. In Super Bowl IX, though, he replaced an injured Andy Russell for most of the second half. As an accomplished linebacker, he was able to contribute to the win.Toews retired from professional football at spring camp in 1984 having played in 57 consecutive games up to the last game of the previous season.Toews has a wife, Valerie and is also the father of three children: Aaron, Jocelyn and Cassandra. Aaron was a defenseman on the Northeastern University hockey team from 1996-1998. Jocelyn owns an independent record label called Lujo Records.

Toews lives in the San Francisco Bay Area where he and his younger brother Jeff (who also played in the NFL as an offensive lineman) buy and sell Real Estate.

Randy Grossman

Curt Randy Grossman (born September 20, 1952) is a former professional American football player who played tight end for eight seasons for the Pittsburgh Steelers in the National Football League.

Randy Reutershan

Randy Reutershan (born June 30, 1955) is a former American football player who performed in a single season in the National Football League for the Pittsburgh Steelers. He was a member of teams that won a college football national championship and Super Bowl XIII over the Dallas Cowboys.

Ray Pinney

Raymond Earl Pinney Jr. (born June 29, 1954) is a former NFL offensive tackle and guard who played seven seasons with the Pittsburgh Steelers. He was selected by the Steelers in the second round of the 1976 NFL Draft and started for them during their Super Bowl XIII victory. He also spent three seasons in the USFL.

Robin Cole

Robin Cole, a former professional American football player, was born September 11, 1955, in Compton, California. He was the seventh of ten children born to Obediah and Georgia Mae Cole. He attended high school at Compton High, graduating in 1973. He furthered his education at the University of New Mexico where he became an All American and the first person to be a first round draft pick out of the University. He was drafted by the Pittsburgh Steelers, the 21st pick in the first round of the draft. At Pittsburgh, he was a part of the Steel Curtain defense, replacing Andy Russell as right outside linebacker. He played linebacker and defensive end for twelve seasons for the Pittsburgh Steelers. He played in two Super Bowls - Super Bowl XIII and Super Bowl XIV. Mr. Cole was in the starting lineup in Super Bowl XIV in 1980 and was elected to the Pro Bowl in 1984. He was runner up for MVP in Super Bowl XIV. He played one season, 1988, with the New York Jets.

Mr. Cole's presentations focus on issues important to corporate groups, business sales teams, sports teams, churches, schools and prisons. He has been a keynote speaker and emcee for many events. Mr. Cole is an entrepreneur and trained at the Ford Motor Institute to be a dealer. In addition, he has served on several charitable boards, including the American Heart Association, The March of Dimes, Big Brothers/Big Sisters and others. He is a lifetime member of the NAACP.

Cole is the co-founder and president of the Robin Cole Foundation. He lives in western Pennsylvania with his wife, Judith, and their daughter, Mya.

Steve Furness

Stephen Robert "Steve" Furness (December 5, 1950 – February 9, 2000) was an American defensive tackle for the Pittsburgh Steelers and Detroit Lions of the National Football League, and a member of the Steelers' famed Steel Curtain defense. He earned four Super Bowl rings as a professional player and ranks 12th on the Steelers' all-time sack list. He was of English and Armenian descent.

Furness grew up in Warwick, Rhode Island, where he attended Bishop Hendricken High School before accepting a football scholarship to the University of Rhode Island. In addition to being a star football player for URI, he excelled at the hammer throw and turned down an invitation to the 1972 Olympic Trials to attend the Steelers' training camp. Furness was selected in the fifth round of the 1972 NFL Draft and initially served as a backup to Joe Greene and Ernie Holmes before replacing Holmes as defensive tackle in 1977. He started in Super Bowl XIII and was primarily known for his skills as a pass rusher, leading the team in quarterback sacks during several seasons with the Steelers. He collected 32 sacks over the course of his Steelers career. He was also an avid weight lifter and placed fourth in the 1980 'Strongest Man in Football' competition, which aired on CBS.Furness was released by Pittsburgh after playing all 16 games in the 1980 season and he ended his playing career in 1981 with the Detroit Lions. After retiring from the NFL he became the defensive line coach for Michigan State from 1982–1990, where he worked under his former Steelers defensive coordinator George Perles and helped lead the team to two Big 10 Conference titles, a victory in the 1988 Rose Bowl and appearances in five additional bowl games. During this period he earned a Masters Degree in Athletic Administration from Michigan State University and was inducted to the University of Rhode Island Athletic Hall of Fame in 1987. He rejoined the NFL in 1991 as an assistant coach for the Indianapolis Colts before returning to the Steelers for his final two years as a defensive line coach (1992–1993). In 1999, he was named as one of the "50 Greatest Rhode Island Sports Figures" of the 20th Century by Sports Illustrated magazine, earning the 14th spot on the list.Furness died unexpectedly of a heart attack on February 9, 2000. He is survived by two sons, Zaban and Zack Furness, a professor at Penn State University.

The Colgate Thirteen

The Colgate Thirteen, also known as The Colgate 13, is an undergraduate all-male a cappella group at Colgate University. The premiere a cappella group at the University, it is also the second-oldest collegiate a cappella group in the United States. Established in 1942, the group is named for the 13 men who founded the university in 1819, each offering $13 and 13 prayers. The Thirteen regularly perform at schools, alumni, community, corporate and sporting events. The group is known for performing the U.S. National Anthem at Super Bowl XIII in 1979.The group has produced 30 albums although only 29 have been released. Some of its best known arrangements are Coney Island Baby, Danny Boy, East of the Sun, Is That the Way You Look?, Mack the Knife, Many Rivers to Cross, Masochism Tango, The National Anthem, Poinciana, Route 66, Walking in Memphis, and If I Ain't Got You. The majority of songs are arranged by members of the group.The 13 most senior members perform at any time -- representing the first tenor, second tenor, baritone and bass singing parts -- but there are more than 13 in the entire group. Students, all underclassmen, try out for the group with auditions held either once or twice during the school year. Members of the group are referred to as "Thirteeners."

Willie Fry

Willie Fry, Jr. (February 23, 1955 – July 10, 1998) was an American football player who played for the Pittsburgh Steelers in 1978 and 1980. He was selected by the Steelers in the second round of the 1978 NFL Draft. He earned two Super Bowl rings with the Pittsburgh Steelers in Super Bowl XIII and Super Bowl XIV. He played college football at University of Notre Dame. He died of a heart attack on July 10, 1998 in New York City.

Scoring summary
Quarter Time Drive Team Scoring information Score
Plays Yards TOP PIT DAL
1 9:47 7 53 3:12 PIT John Stallworth 28-yard touchdown reception from Terry Bradshaw, Roy Gerela kick good 7 0
1 0:00 3 41 1:00 DAL Tony Hill 39-yard touchdown reception from Roger Staubach, Rafael Septien kick good 7 7
2 12:08 DAL Fumble recovery returned 37 yards for touchdown by Mike Hegman, Septien kick good 7 14
2 10:25 3 80 1:43 PIT Stallworth 75-yard touchdown reception from Bradshaw, Gerela kick good 14 14
2 0:26 5 56 1:15 PIT Rocky Bleier 7-yard touchdown reception from Bradshaw, Gerela kick good 21 14
3 2:36 9 32 4:55 DAL 27-yard field goal by Septien 21 17
4 7:10 8 85 4:58 PIT Franco Harris 22-yard touchdown run, Gerela kick good 28 17
4 6:51 1 18 :06 PIT Lynn Swann 18-yard touchdown reception from Bradshaw, Gerela kick good 35 17
4 2:27 8 89 4:24 DAL Billy Joe DuPree 7-yard touchdown reception from Staubach, Septien kick good 35 24
4 0:22 9 52 2:01 DAL Butch Johnson 4-yard touchdown reception from Staubach, Septien kick good 35 31
"TOP" = time of possession. For other American football terms, see Glossary of American football. 35 31
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