Super Bowl IX

Super Bowl IX was an American football game played between the American Football Conference (AFC) champion Pittsburgh Steelers and the National Football Conference (NFC) champion Minnesota Vikings to decide the National Football League (NFL) champion for the 1974 season. The game was played on January 12, 1975, at Tulane Stadium in New Orleans, Louisiana. The Steelers defeated the Vikings by the score of 16–6 to win their first Super Bowl championship.[6]

This game matched two of the NFL's best defenses and two future Pro Football Hall of Fame quarterbacks. Led by quarterback Terry Bradshaw and the Steel Curtain defense, the Steelers advanced to their first Super Bowl after posting a 10–3–1 regular season record and playoff victories over the Buffalo Bills and the Oakland Raiders. The Vikings were led by quarterback Fran Tarkenton and the Purple People Eaters defense; they advanced to their second consecutive Super Bowl and third overall after finishing the regular season with a 10–4 record and defeating the St. Louis Cardinals and the Los Angeles Rams in the playoffs.

The first half of Super Bowl IX was a defensive struggle, with the lone score being the first safety in Super Bowl history when Tarkenton was downed in his own end zone. The Steelers then recovered a fumble on the second half kickoff, and scored on fullback Franco Harris's 9-yard run. The Vikings cut the score, 9–6, early in the fourth quarter by recovering a blocked punt in Pittsburgh's end zone for a touchdown, but the Steelers then drove 66 yards on their ensuing possession to score on Larry Brown's 4-yard touchdown reception to put the game out of reach.

In total, the Steelers limited the Vikings to Super Bowl record lows of nine first downs, 119 total offensive yards, 17 rushing yards, and no offensive scores (Minnesota's only score came on a blocked punt, and they did not even score on the extra point attempt). The Steelers accomplished this despite losing starting linebackers Andy Russell and Jack Lambert, who were injured and replaced by Ed Bradley and Loren Toews for most of the second half. On the other hand, Pittsburgh had 333 yards of total offense. Harris, who ran for a Super Bowl record 158 yards (more than the entire Minnesota offense) and a touchdown, was named the Super Bowl's Most Valuable Player.

Super Bowl IX
Super Bowl IX Logo
Pittsburgh Steelers
(AFC)
(10–3–1)
Minnesota Vikings
(NFC)
(10–4)
16 6
Head coach:
Chuck Noll
Head coach:
Bud Grant
1234 Total
PIT 0277 16
MIN 0006 6
DateJanuary 12, 1975
StadiumTulane Stadium, New Orleans, Louisiana
MVPFranco Harris, fullback
FavoriteSteelers by 3[1][2]
RefereeBernie Ulman
Attendance80,997[3]
Current/Future Hall of Famers
Steelers: Art Rooney (owner), Dan Rooney (team administrator), Chuck Noll (coach), Mel Blount, Terry Bradshaw, Joe Greene, Jack Ham, Franco Harris, Jack Lambert, John Stallworth, Lynn Swann, Mike Webster
Vikings: Bud Grant (coach), Carl Eller, Paul Krause, Alan Page, Fran Tarkenton, Mick Tingelhoff, Ron Yary
Ceremonies
National anthemGrambling State University Band
Coin tossBernie Ulman
Halftime show"Tribute to Duke Ellington"
with Mercer Ellington and
Grambling State University Band
TV in the United States
NetworkNBC
AnnouncersCurt Gowdy, Al DeRogatis,
Don Meredith, and
Charlie Jones
Nielsen ratings42.4
(est. 56 million viewers)[4]
Market share72
Cost of 30-second commercial$107,000[5]

Background

The NFL awarded Super Bowl IX to New Orleans on April 3, 1973, at the owners meetings held in Scottsdale, Arizona. This was the third time that the Super Bowl was played in New Orleans, after Super Bowls IV and VI. Super Bowl IX was originally planned to be held at the Louisiana Superdome. However, construction delays at the Superdome (which pushed its opening to August 1975) forced the league to move the game to Tulane Stadium, where the city's previous two Super Bowls were held. This ended up being the last professional American football game played at Tulane Stadium.

Pittsburgh Steelers

Pittsburgh advanced to their first Super Bowl and were playing for a league championship for the first time in team history. Their 73-year-old owner Art Rooney founded the Steelers as a 1933 NFL expansion team, but suffered through losing seasons for most of its 42-year history and had never made it to an NFL championship game or a Super Bowl. But in 1969, Rooney hired Chuck Noll to be the team's head coach and its fortunes started to turn following a disastrous 1–13 first year under the future Hall of Fame coach.

Noll rebuilt the Steelers through the NFL draft, selecting defensive tackle Joe Greene and defensive end L. C. Greenwood in his first season as head coach. In 1970, Noll drafted quarterback Terry Bradshaw and cornerback Mel Blount. In 1971, linebacker Jack Ham, defensive tackle Ernie Holmes, defensive end Dwight White, and safety Mike Wagner were selected by the team. Fullback Franco Harris was drafted in 1972. And in 1974, the Steelers picked linebacker Jack Lambert, center Mike Webster and wide receivers Lynn Swann and John Stallworth, and signed safety Donnie Shell as a free agent. Bradshaw, Webster, Swann, Stallworth and Harris ended up being Hall of Fame players on offense, while the others formed the core nucleus of their "Steel Curtain" defense, including future Hall of Famers Greene, Ham, Blount and Lambert.

But en route to Super Bowl IX, the Steelers had started the regular season slowly, as Bradshaw and Joe Gilliam fought to be the team's starting quarterback. Gilliam had started for the first four games of the season, but Noll eventually made Bradshaw the starter. Although Bradshaw ended up completing only 67 out of 148 passes for 785 yards, 7 touchdowns, and 8 interceptions, he helped lead the team to a 10–3–1 regular season record. The Steelers main offensive weapon, however, was running the ball. Harris rushed for 1,006 yards and five touchdowns, while also catching 23 passes for 200 yards and another touchdown. Running backs Rocky Bleier, Preston Pearson, and Steve Davis also made important contributions, gaining a combined total of 936 yards and eight touchdowns.

But the Steelers' main strength during the season was their staunch "Steel Curtain" defense, which led the league with the fewest total yards allowed (3,074) and the fewest passing yards allowed (1,466). Greene won the NFL Defensive Player of the Year Award for the second time in the previous three seasons, and he and L. C. Greenwood were named to the Pro Bowl. Both of the team's outside linebackers, Ham and Andy Russell, had been also selected to play in the Pro Bowl, while Lambert already had two interceptions for 19 yards in his rookie year. In the defensive backfield, Blount, Wagner, and Glen Edwards made a strong impact against opposing passing plays.

Minnesota Vikings

The Vikings came into the season trying to redeem themselves after a one sided Super Bowl VIII loss after which they became the first team to lose two Super Bowls (the other loss was in Super Bowl IV).

Minnesota's powerful offense was still led by veteran quarterback Fran Tarkenton, who passed for 2,598 yards and 17 touchdowns. The Vikings' primary offensive weapon was running back Chuck Foreman, who led the team in receptions with 53 for 586 yards and six touchdowns. He was also their leading rusher with 777 rushing yards and nine touchdowns. Wide receivers Jim Lash and John Gilliam were major deep threats, having 32 receptions for 631 yards (a 19.7 yards per catch average) and 26 receptions for 578 yards (a 22.5 ypc average), respectively. Fullback Dave Osborn contributed with 514 rushing yards, and 29 receptions for 196 yards. And the Vikings' offensive line, led by future Hall of Fame right tackle Ron Yary, allowed only 17 sacks.

Aided by the "Purple People Eaters" defense, led by future Hall of Fame defensive linemen Carl Eller and Alan Page, and future Hall of Fame safety Paul Krause, the Vikings won the NFC Central for the sixth time in the previous seven seasons.

Playoffs

For the first time in four years, the Miami Dolphins were not able to advance to the Super Bowl. While the Steelers defeated the Buffalo Bills 32–14 in the first round, the favored Dolphins lost to the Oakland Raiders 28–26, giving up Raiders running back Clarence Davis' 8-yard touchdown reception with 26 seconds remaining in the game with a play now known as the Sea of Hands. The key play in the game occurred when the Dolphins were in control and were leading the Raiders 19–14 midway through the fourth quarter. Cliff Branch hauled in a 72-yard touchdown pass from Raiders quarterback Ken Stabler when third-year Dolphin defensive back Henry Stuckey, the man assigned to cover Branch on the play, fell down, and the resultant wide open Branch caught the bomb and sprinted to the end zone. After George Blanda kicked the PAT, the Raiders led 21-19. Dolphin fans were furious because fan favorite Lloyd Mumphord was replaced with Stuckey. Mumphord and head coach Don Shula were involved in a feud at the time, and it is thought that Stuckey was given the starting job for this game because of Shula's and Mumphord's differences of opinion. Afterwards, Stuckey was released in the offseason. Many believed that had Mumphord been in the game, there would have been no "Sea of Hands" play.

The Steelers defeated the Buffalo Bills 32–14 at home in the divisional round, then won the AFC Championship Game over the host Raiders, 24–13.

Meanwhile, Minnesota allowed only a combined 24 points in their playoff wins against the St. Louis Cardinals, 30–14, and their narrow defeat of the Los Angeles Rams, 14–10, after their defense stopped an attempted comeback touchdown drive from the Rams on the Vikings' own 2-yard line.

Super Bowl pregame news and notes

Sports writers and fans predicted that Super Bowl IX would be a low scoring game because of the two teams' defenses. The Steelers' "Steel Curtain" had led the AFC in fewest points allowed (189) and the Vikings' "Purple People Eaters" had only given up 195.

As the NFC was the designated "home team" for the game, by NFL rules at the time the Vikings were required to wear their purple jerseys. Although the league later relaxed the rule from Super Bowl XIII onwards, the Vikings would've likely worn their purple jerseys anyway, given that they've worn their purple jerseys at home for much of their history aside from a few games in the 1960s, when the NFL was encouraging (but not requiring) teams to wear white at home. This was the only one of the four Super Bowls the Steelers of the 1970s played in that the team wore their white jerseys, and the only Super Bowl the team would wear white at all until Super Bowl XL 31 years later.

Game conditions

When the NFL awarded Super Bowl IX to New Orleans on April 3, 1973, the game was originally scheduled to be played at the Louisiana Superdome.[7] By July 1974, construction on the dome was not yet finished, and so the league reverted to Tulane Stadium, home field for Tulane University and the New Orleans Saints, and site of Super Bowls IV and VI. This proved to be quite pivotal, because of the inclement conditions (low temperature and the field was slick from overnight rain).[8] This was the last Super Bowl to be played in inclement weather for over thirty years, until Super Bowl XLI (and that game's weather issues in Miami were based on a driving rain, not the temperature). The game still holds the mark as the second-coldest outdoor temperature for an outdoor game, at a game-time temperature of 46 °F (8 °C) (only Super Bowl VI, also played at Tulane Stadium, had a colder game-time temperature, 39 °F (4 °C)) and expectations that Super Bowl XLVIII would break these records due to its winter location in outdoor New Jersey did not come to pass. (Seven Super Bowls - XVI in Pontiac, XXVI and LII in Minneapolis, XXVIII and XXXIV in Atlanta, XL in Detroit and XLVI in Indianapolis - have had colder outdoor temperatures but were played indoors.)[9]

The change of venue meant this was not only the last of three Super Bowls played at Tulane Stadium, but the last professional game played in the stadium, which was demolished five years later and replaced for the 1975 NFL season by the Louisiana Superdome, which has hosted every Super Bowl held in New Orleans since.

Broadcasting

The game was broadcast in the United States by NBC with play-by-play announcer Curt Gowdy and color commentators Al DeRogatis and Don Meredith. Charlie Jones served as the event's field reporter and covered the trophy presentation; while hosting the coverage was NBC News reporter Jack Perkins and Jeannie Morris (Morris, then the wife of former Chicago Bears wide receiver and WMAQ-TV sports anchor Johnny Morris) became the first woman to participate in Super Bowl coverage).[10] Prior to the 1975 NFL season, NBC did not have a regular pregame show.

The Mary Tyler Moore Show on CBS (which was set in Minneapolis) used this game as a plotline on the episode aired the night before the game. Lou Grant was teaching Ted Baxter how to bet on football games, and used Ted's money, as well as some of his own to bet on the hometown Vikings winning the Super Bowl. The Vikings won the Super Bowl in this episode but Ted's hopes were dashed when it was revealed that Lou actually bet all the money on the Steelers. At the end of the show, Mary Tyler Moore announced the following over the credits: "If the Pittsburgh Steelers win the actual Super Bowl tomorrow, we want to apologize to the Pittsburgh team and their fans for this purely fictional story. If on the other hand, they lose, remember, you heard it here first." And, as it turned out, her apology did go into effect.

Entertainment

The Grambling State University Band performed during both the pregame festivities and the national anthem. During the national anthem, they were backed by a Mardi Gras choir. The halftime show was a tribute to American jazz composer, pianist and bandleader Duke Ellington, also featuring the Grambling State University Band along with Ellington's son Mercer. Ellington had died the previous May.

Game summary

As many predicted, the game was low scoring; both teams failed to score a touchdown or a field goal until the third quarter and ended up with the third lowest total of combined points in Super Bowl history.

First Quarter

The first quarter of Super Bowl IX was completely dominated by both teams' defenses. The Vikings were limited to 20 passing yards, zero rushing yards, and one first down. The Steelers did slightly better with 18 passing yards, 61 rushing yards, and four first downs. Pittsburgh even managed to get close enough for their kicker Roy Gerela to attempt two field goals, but Gerela missed his first attempt, and a bad snap prevented the second one from getting off the ground.

Second Quarter

In the second quarter, the Vikings got an opportunity to score when defensive back Randy Poltl recovered a fumble from fullback Rocky Bleier at the Steelers' 24-yard line, but they could only move the ball two yards in their next three plays, and kicker Fred Cox missed a 39-yard field goal attempt. The Steelers then converted a third down with the longest gain so far in the game, a 22-yard pass from Terry Bradshaw to John Stallworth. Pittsburgh was forced to punt, but Bobby Walden booted a 39-yarder, and rookie Sam McCullum did not allow the ball to reach the end zone, then failed to make a return and was downed at the Viking 7-yard line. The first score of the game occurred two plays later, when fullback Dave Osborn fumbled a pitch from Tarkenton at the 10, and the ball rolled backward and across the goal line. Tarkenton quickly dove on the ball in the end zone to prevent a Steeler touchdown, but he was downed by Dwight White for a safety, giving Pittsburgh a 2–0 lead. It was the first safety scored in Super Bowl history. The Vikings forced a three-and-out, then threatened to score when Tarkenton led them on a 55-yard drive to the Steelers' 20-yard line.[11][12] With 1:17 left in the half, Tarkenton threw a pass to receiver John Gilliam at the 5-yard line, but Steelers safety Glen Edwards hit him just as he caught the ball. The ball popped out of his hands and right into the arms of Mel Blount for an interception.

The half ended with the Steelers leading 2–0, the lowest halftime score in Super Bowl history and lowest possible, barring a scoreless tie.

Third Quarter

On the opening kickoff of the second half, Minnesota's Bill Brown lost a fumble on an unintentional squib kick after Gerela slipped on the wet field and only extended his leg halfway for the kick. Marv Kellum recovered the ball for Pittsburgh at the Vikings' 30-yard line. Franco Harris then moved the ball to the 6-yard line with a 24-yard run. After being tackled for a three-yard loss, Harris carried the ball for nine yards and a touchdown, giving the Steelers a 9–0 lead.

After an exchange of punts, Minnesota got the ball back on their own 20-yard line. On the second play of drive, Tarkenton's pass was deflected behind the line of scrimmage by Pittsburgh defensive lineman L. C. Greenwood, and bounced back right into the arms of Tarkenton, who then threw a 41-yard completion to Gilliam. Officials ruled Tarkenton's first pass attempt was a completion to himself, and thus his second attempt was an illegal forward pass. After the penalty, facing third and 11, Minnesota got the first down with running back Chuck Foreman's 12-yard run. Three plays later, Tarkenton completed a 28-yard pass to tight end Stu Voigt at the Steelers' 45-yard line. But White deflected Tarkenton's next pass attempt, and Joe Greene intercepted the ball, ending the Vikings' best offensive scoring opportunity.

Fourth Quarter

Early in the fourth quarter, the Vikings got another scoring opportunity when Minnesota safety Paul Krause recovered a fumble from Harris on the Steelers' 47-yard line. On the next play, a deep pass attempt from Tarkenton to Gilliam drew a 42-yard pass interference penalty on Pittsburgh defensive back Mike Wagner that moved the ball up to the 5-yard line. Once again, the Steelers stopped them from scoring when Greene forced and recovered a fumble from Foreman. Pittsburgh failed to get a first down on their next possession and was forced to punt from deep in their own territory. Minnesota linebacker Matt Blair burst through the line to block the punt, and Terry Brown recovered the ball in the end zone for a touchdown. Cox missed the extra point, but the Vikings had cut their deficit to 9–6 and were just a field goal away from a tie.

However, on the ensuing drive, the Steelers put the game out of reach with a 66-yard, 11-play scoring drive that took 6:47 off the clock and featured three successful third down conversions. The first was a key 30-yard pass completion from Bradshaw to tight end Larry Brown. Brown fumbled the ball as he was being tackled, and two officials (back judge Ray Douglas and field judge Dick Dolack) initially ruled the ball recovered for the Vikings by Jeff Siemon, but head linesman Ed Marion overruled their call, stating that Brown was downed at the contact before the ball came out of his hands. Faced with 2nd and 15 after a penalty, Pittsburgh then fooled the Vikings defense with a misdirection play. Harris ran left past Bradshaw after the snap, drawing in the defense with him, while Bleier took a handoff and ran right through a gaping hole in the line for a 17-yard gain to the Vikings 16-yard line. A few plays later, Bradshaw converted a 3rd and 5 situation with 6-yard pass to Bleier that put the ball on the Vikings' 5-yard line. The Steelers gained just one yard with their next two plays, setting up third and goal from the four. Bradshaw's 4-yard touchdown pass to Brown on third down gave the Steelers a 16–6 lead with only 3:31 remaining.

Vikings running back Brent McClanahan returned the ensuing kickoff 22 yards to the 39-yard line, but on the first play of the drive, Tarkenton's pass was intercepted by Wagner. The Steelers then executed 7 consecutive running plays, taking the game clock all the way down to 38 seconds remaining before turning the ball over on downs.

Harris finished the game with 34 carries for a Super Bowl record 158 yards and a touchdown. Bleier had 65 rushing yards, and two receptions for 11 yards. Pittsburgh finished with a total of 57 rushing attempts, which remains the Super Bowl record through Super Bowl LI.[13] Bradshaw completed nine out of 14 passes for 96 yards and a touchdown. Tarkenton completed 11 of 26 passes for just 102 yards with 3 interceptions, for a passer rating of only 14.1.[14] Foreman was the Vikings' top offensive contributor, finishing the game as the team's leading rusher and receiver with 18 rushing yards and 50 receiving yards.

The loss was the Vikings' record-setting third in Super Bowl play. Bud Grant vented frustration by saying, "There were three bad teams out there - us, Pittsburgh and the officials.”[15]

Box score

Final statistics

Sources: NFL.com Super Bowl IX, Super Bowl IX Play Finder Pit, Super Bowl IX Play Finder Min

Statistical comparison

Pittsburgh Steelers Minnesota Vikings
First downs 17 9
First downs rushing 11 2
First downs passing 5 5
First downs penalty 1 2
Third down efficiency 6/17 5/12
Fourth down efficiency 0/2 0/0
Net yards rushing 249 17
Rushing attempts 57 21
Yards per rush 4.4 0.8
Passing – Completions/attempts 9/14 11/26
Times sacked-total yards 2–12 0–0
Interceptions thrown 0 3
Net yards passing 84 102
Total net yards 333 119
Punt returns-total yards 5–36 4–12
Kickoff returns-total yards 3–32 3–50
Interceptions-total return yards 3–46 0–0
Punts-average yardage 7–34.7 6–37.2
Fumbles-lost 4–2 3–2
Penalties-total yards 8–122 4–18
Time of possession 38:47 21:13
Turnovers 2 5

Individual statistics

Steelers Passing
C/ATT1 Yds TD INT Rating
Terry Bradshaw 9/14 96 1 0 108.0
Steelers Rushing
Car2 Yds TD LG3 Yds/Car
Franco Harris 34 158 1 25 4.65
Rocky Bleier 17 65 0 18 3.82
Terry Bradshaw 5 33 0 17 6.60
Lynn Swann 1 –7 0 –7 –7.00
Steelers Receiving
Rec4 Yds TD LG3 Target5
Larry Brown 3 49 1 30 4
John Stallworth 3 24 0 22 4
Rocky Bleier 2 11 0 6 2
Frank Lewis 1 12 0 12 4
Vikings Passing
C/ATT1 Yds TD INT Rating
Fran Tarkenton 11/26 102 0 3 14.1
Vikings Rushing
Car2 Yds TD LG3 Yds/Car
Chuck Foreman 12 18 0 12 1.50
Fran Tarkenton 1 0 0 0 0.00
Dave Osborn 8 –1 0 2 –0.13
Vikings Receiving
Rec4 Yds TD LG3 Target5
Chuck Foreman 5 50 0 17 8
Stu Voigt 2 31 0 28 4
Dave Osborn 2 7 0 4 2
John Gilliam 1 16 0 16 5
Oscar Reed 1 –2 0 –2 1
Jim Lash 0 0 0 0 1

1Completions/attempts 2Carries 3Long gain 4Receptions 5Times targeted

Records Set

The following records were set or tied in Super Bowl IX, according to the official NFL.com boxscore[17] and the ProFootball reference.com game summary.[18] Some records have to meet NFL minimum number of attempts to be recognized.[19] The minimums are shown (in parenthesis).

Records Set in Super Bowl IX[18]
Passing Records
Most attempts, career 54 Fran Tarkenton
Rushing Records
Most yards, game 158 yds Franco Harris
Most attempts, game 34
Most rushing yards, game, Quarterback 33 yds Terry Bradshaw
Combined yardage records
Combined yardage
Most Attempts, game
35 Franco Harris
Most yards gained, game 158
Fumbles
Most fumbles, game 2 Franco Harris
Defense
Most safeties, game 1 Dwight White000(Pit)
Special Teams
Most punts, career 17 Mike Eischeid 000(Min)
Highest average, punt return
yardage, game (3 returns)
11.3 yds (3-34) Lynn Swann
Records Tied
Most completions, career 29 Fran Tarkenton
Most interceptions thrown, game 3
Most interceptions thrown, career 4
Most receptions, career 10 Chuck Foreman000(Min)
Most fumbles, career 2 Franco Harris
Fran Tarkenton
  • † This category includes rushing, receiving, interception returns, punt returns, kickoff returns, and fumble returns.[20]
  • ‡ Sacks an official statistic since Super Bowl XVII by the NFL. Sacks are listed as "Tackled Attempting to Pass" in the official NFL box score for Super Bowl II.[17][21]
Team Records Set [18]
Most Super Bowl losses 3 Vikings
Most consecutive Super Bowl losses 2
Scoring
Most safeties, game 1 Steelers
Net yards
Fewest net yards,
rushing and passing
119 yds Vikings
Rushing
Most rushing attempts 57 Steelers
Fewest rushing yards (net) 17 Vikings
Lowest average gain
per rush attempt
0.8 Vikings
(17-21)
First Downs
Fewest first downs 9 Vikings
Defense
Fewest yards allowed 119 Steelers
Most safeties, game 1
Punt returns
Most yards gained, game 36 yds Steelers
Records Tied
Most Super Bowl appearances 3 Vikings
Fewest points, first half 0 pts
Fewest rushing touchdowns 0
Fewest passing touchdowns 0
Fewest first downs rushing 2
Fewest times sacked 0
Fewest sacks made 0 Steelers
Most punt returns, game 5

Turnovers are defined as the number of times losing the ball on interceptions and fumbles.

Records Set, both team totals [18]
Total Steelers Vikings
Points
Fewest points scored, first half 2 pts 2 0
Net yards, Both Teams
Fewest net yards,
rushing and passing
452 yds 333 119
Rushing, Both Teams
Most rushing attempts 78 57 21
Passing, Both Teams
Fewest passes completed 20 9 11
First Downs, Both Teams
Fewest first downs, passing 10 5 5
Fumbles, Both Teams
Most fumbles 7 4 3
Punt returns, Both Teams
Most punt returns, game 9 5 4
Most yards gained, game 48 yds 36 12
Records tied, both team totals
Fewest (one point) extra points 2 (2-2) (0-1)
Fewest field goals made 0 0 0
Fewest rushing touchdowns 1 1 0
Fewest times sacked 2 2 0
Most fumbles lost 4 2 2
Most punts, game 13 7 6

Starting lineups

Source:[22]

Pittsburgh Position Minnesota
Offense
Frank Lewis WR John Gilliam
Jon Kolb LT Charlie Goodrum
Jim Clack LG Andy Maurer
Ray Mansfield C Mick Tingelhoff
Gerry Mullins RG Ed White
Gordon Gravelle RT Ron Yary
Larry Brown TE Stu Voigt
Ronnie Shanklin WR Jim Lash
Terry Bradshaw QB Fran Tarkenton
Franco Harris RB Dave Osborn
Rocky Bleier RB Chuck Foreman
Defense
L. C. Greenwood LE Carl Eller
Joe Greene LT Doug Sutherland
Ernie Holmes RT Alan Page
Dwight White RE Jim Marshall
Jack Ham LLB Roy Winston
Jack Lambert MLB Jeff Siemon
Andy Russell RLB Wally Hilgenberg
J. T. Thomas LCB Jackie Wallace
Mel Blount RCB Nate Wright
Mike Wagner LS Jeff Wright
Glen Edwards RS Paul Krause

Officials

  • Referee: Bernie Ulman #6, second Super Bowl on field (I as head linesman); alternate for VI
  • Umpire: Al Conway #27, first Super Bowl
  • Head Linesman: Ed Marion #26, second Super Bowl (V)
  • Line Judge: Bruce Alford #24, third Super Bowl (II, VII)
  • Back Judge: Ray Douglas #5, first Super Bowl
  • Field Judge: Dick Dolack #31, first Super Bowl
  • Alternate Referee: Fred Silva #81, worked Super Bowl XIV as referee

Bruce Alford was the first official to be honored with three Super Bowl assignments.

Bernie Ulman was the first official to be the referee for a Super Bowl after working a previous Super Bowl at another position. This would not happen again until Dick Hantak was the referee for Super Bowl XXVII after serving as back judge for Super Bowl XVII.

Note: A seven-official system was not used until the 1978 season

References

  1. ^ DiNitto, Marcus (January 25, 2015). "Super Bowl Betting History – Underdogs on Recent Roll". The Sporting News. Retrieved February 4, 2015.
  2. ^ "Super Bowl History". Vegas Insider. Retrieved February 4, 2015.
  3. ^ "Super Bowl Winners". NFL.com. National Football League. Retrieved February 4, 2015.
  4. ^ "Historical Super Bowl Nielsen TV Ratings, 1967–2009 – Ratings". TVbytheNumbers. Retrieved October 9, 2012.
  5. ^ "Super Bowl Ad Cost: Rates For Commercials Climbs Through The Years". Huffington Post. Associated Press. January 25, 2013. Retrieved February 2, 2016.
  6. ^ Fink, David (January 13, 1975). "Super Steelers win!". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. p. 1.
  7. ^ "New Orleans selected for 1975 Super Bowl". Lewiston Morning Tribune. Idaho. Associated Press. April 4, 1973. p. 13.
  8. ^ "Super Bowl IX history". Archived from the original on January 1, 2007.
  9. ^ "Super Bowl Game-Time Temperatures". Pro Football Hall of Fame. Retrieved January 30, 2016.
  10. ^ Kirkpatrick, Curry. "GETTING INTO THE PICTURE".
  11. ^ "Super Bowl IX play-by-play". USA Today. USATODAY.com. January 11, 2002.
  12. ^ "Pitt Defense, Franco's Runs Super, 16-6". NY Daily News. nydailynews.com.
  13. ^ "Super Bowl Team Records:Rushing".
  14. ^ "Canzano blog: Who had a worse Super Bowl than Peyton Manning?".
  15. ^ "Steelers launch dynasty". December 26, 2013.
  16. ^ "Super Bowl Game-Time Temperatures". Pro Football Hall of Fame. Retrieved March 9, 2018.
  17. ^ a b "Super Bowl IX boxscore". NFL.com. Retrieved November 7, 2016.
  18. ^ a b c d "Super Bowl IX statistics". Pro Football reference.com. Retrieved November 6, 2016.
  19. ^ "2016 NFL Factbook" (PDF). NFL. Retrieved November 7, 2016.
  20. ^ "Super Bowl definitiona".
  21. ^ "Super Bowl History". Pro Football Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 6, 2012.
  22. ^ "Super Bowl IX–National Football League Game Summary" (PDF). NFLGSIS.com. National Football League. January 12, 1975. Retrieved March 11, 2018.
1974 Minnesota Vikings season

The 1974 Minnesota Vikings season was the franchise's 14th season in the National Football League. The Vikings won the NFC Central as they finished with a record of 10 wins and 4 losses. The Vikings defeated the St. Louis Cardinals, 30–14 in the NFC divisional playoff game, and the Los Angeles Rams, 14–10 to win their second consecutive NFC championship. Both games were at home. The Vikings lost to the Pittsburgh Steelers in Super Bowl IX, 16–6 at Tulane Stadium in New Orleans, becoming the first team to lose consecutive Super Bowls.

1974 NFL season

The 1974 NFL season was the 55th regular season of the National Football League. The season ended with Super Bowl IX when the Pittsburgh Steelers defeated the Minnesota Vikings. Players held a strike from July 1 until August 10, prior to the regular season beginning; only one preseason game (that year's College All-Star Game) was canceled, and the preseason contests were held with all-rookie rosters.

1974 Pittsburgh Steelers season

The 1974 Pittsburgh Steelers season was the franchise's 42nd in the National Football League. They impoved to a 10-3-1 record and culminated in a Super Bowl championship. The team became the first in the Steelers' 42-year history to win a league title following the franchise's greatest playoff run to that point.

1974–75 NFL playoffs

The National Football League playoffs for the 1974 season began on December 21, 1974. The postseason tournament concluded with the Pittsburgh Steelers defeating the Minnesota Vikings in Super Bowl IX, 16–6, on January 12, 1975, at Tulane Stadium in New Orleans, Louisiana.

This was the last season in which the sites for the playoff games annually alternated by division.

Andy Maurer

Andrew Lee Maurer (September 30, 1948 – January 3, 2016) was an American football offensive lineman in the NFL for the Atlanta Falcons, New Orleans Saints, Minnesota Vikings, San Francisco 49ers, and the Denver Broncos. He played in Super Bowl IX as a member of the Vikings and Super Bowl XII as a member of the Broncos. He appeared in 109 regular season games, starting 84 of them. Additionally, he started all seven playoff games he appeared in. Maurer played college football at the University of Oregon.Maurer served as head football coach at Cascade Christian High School in Medford, Oregon, from 1992-2010. He died of cancer on January 3, 2016 at the age of 67.

Bob Lurtsema

Robert Ross Lurtsema (born March 29, 1942) is a former American football defensive end in the National Football League for the Minnesota Vikings, New York Giants, and Seattle Seahawks. He played in two Super Bowls with Vikings (Super Bowl VIII in 1974 and Super Bowl IX in 1975). Lurtsema played college football at Western Michigan University.

During the 1970s and 1980s, Lurtsema could often be seen in TCF Bank (TCF Savings and Loan) TV commercials. He formerly owned Benchwarmer Bob's Sports Cafe, with two locations in the Twin Cities. He pitched for a season with the Minnesota Norseman semi-pro softball team. He was also seen playing the part of a blatantly biased referee in the American Wrestling Association during its last year, most famously in a match between The Trooper and Mike Enos. His character states he is in the Trooper's corner and repeatedly helps the trooper during the match, and the bias is discussed by the announcers after the match. At one of the final AWA shows, AWA Twin Wars '90 on May 5, 1990, Lurtsema teamed with Brad Rheingans and the Trooper and defeated Tully Blanchard and the Destruction Crew.

Bob McCaffrey

Robert Alan McCaffrey (born April 16, 1952 in Bakersfield, California) is a former National Football League center who had a notable career while a student athlete on the University of Southern California (USC) Trojans football team.

After playing football at Garces Memorial High School in Bakersfield, California, McCaffrey played football at the University of Southern California where he lettered three seasons, 1972-74. The Trojans won national championships and played in the Rose Bowl in 1972 and 1974. He was honored as USC's Lineman of the Year in 1974 and junior varsity MVP in 1971. He played in the 1975 Chicago Charities College All-Star Game where a team of star college seniors played the Super Bowl IX champion Pittsburgh Steelers, losing 21-14. He graduated from USC in 1975.

Bobby Walden

Robert Earl Walden (March 9, 1938 – August 27, 2018) was an American professional football player who played as a punter. Walden played for 17 seasons, 14 of which were played in the National Football League from 1964 to 1977. Previously, Walden had played 3 years in the Canadian Football League from 1961-1963. Walden was a part of the Pittsburgh Steelers' Super Bowl IX and Super Bowl X winning teams.He led the NFL in punting in 1964 with a 46.4 yard average and was selected to the Pro Bowl after the 1969 season.

Before his NFL career, Walden led the Canadian Football League in punting, rushing, and receiving as a member of the Edmonton Eskimos in 1961 and 1962.Walden played for the University of Georgia Bulldogs for three years from 1958-1960. In 1958, as a sophomore, he led the nation in average yards per punt. In 1960, he set an Orange Bowl record for yards per punt.

Charlie Davis (defensive tackle)

Charlie Davis (born November 17, 1951) is a former professional American football defensive tackle in the National Football League. Davis was a 9th round selection (229th overall pick) by the Pittsburgh Steelers out of Texas Christian University in the 1974 NFL Draft. He played for seven seasons in the NFL. He played for the Pittsburgh Steelers and was a back-up Defensive Tackle and a member of the Steelers first World Championship Super Bowl IX over the Minnesota Vikings, was traded to the St. Louis Cardinals Sep 15 1975, for whom he played from (1975–1979), and the Houston Oilers (1980). Charlie played the best game of his career in the 1975 NFC Divisional Playoffs against the LA Rams when he recorded 5 sacks and recovered a fumble.His younger half-brother is former Dallas Cowboys' offensive guard Leonard Davis.

Dick Haley

George Richard Haley, Jr. (born October 2, 1937 in Midway, Pennsylvania) is a former American football cornerback in the National Football League for the Washington Redskins, the Minnesota Vikings, and the Pittsburgh Steelers. He played college football at the University of Pittsburgh and was drafted in the ninth round of the 1959 NFL Draft.

He was a Player Personnel analyst for the Miami Dolphins. He was Director of Player Personnel for the Pittsburgh Steelers from 1971–1990 as well as the New York Jets from 1991–2002. Haley is frequently credited with selecting the Steelers' renowned 1974 NFL Draft class which included four future inductees in the Pro Football Hall of Fame. The rookies—Lynn Swann, Jack Lambert, John Stallworth, and Mike Webster—would help lead the team to Super Bowl IX and three more Super Bowl championships by the end of the decade.He is the father of Todd Haley, former offensive coordinator for the Cleveland Browns and the Steelers as well as the former head coach of the Kansas City Chiefs.

Frank Lewis (American football)

Frank Douglas Lewis (born July 4, 1947) is a former professional American football wide receiver who played for the Pittsburgh Steelers and Buffalo Bills in the National Football League (NFL) for thirteen seasons.

Lewis was drafted by the Steelers in the first round of the 1971 NFL Draft. He won two Super Bowl rings with the team, in Super Bowl IX and Super Bowl X.In August 1978 the Steelers traded Lewis to the Bills in exchange for tight end Paul Seymour. Seymour was returned by the Steelers when he failed to pass their physical. Lewis, however, remained with the Bills and the Steelers ended up receiving no compensation in the trade.Lewis was a Pro Bowl selection in 1981 as a member of the Bills. In his pro career, he caught 397 receptions for 6,724 yards and 40 touchdowns.In 2019, Lewis was elected to the 10th class of the Black College Football Hall of Fame. As a star player at Grambling State in the Southwestern Athletic Conference, he helped the university win the conference championship in 1968. He scored 42 total touchdowns, both receiving and rushing, during his four years there before becoming a first-round draft pick.

List of Super Bowl halftime shows

Halftime shows are a tradition during American football games at all levels of competition. Entertainment during the Super Bowl, the annual championship game of the National Football League (NFL), represents a fundamental link to pop culture, which helps broaden the television audience and nationwide interest. As the Super Bowl itself is typically the most-watched event on television in the United States annually, the halftime show has been equally-viewed in recent years: the halftime show of Super Bowl XLIX featuring Katy Perry was viewed by 118.5 million, as part of an overall telecast that peaked at 120.3 million at its conclusion—the most-watched television broadcast in U.S. history. The NFL announced that the Super Bowl LI halftime show, with Lady Gaga was the "most-watched musical event of all-time," citing a figure of 150 million viewers based on the television audience, as well as unique viewership of video postings of the halftime show on the league's platforms, and social media interactions (a metric that was never calculated prior to 2017). The show was seen by 117.5 million television viewers, making it the second-highest-rated halftime show on network broadcast.Prior to the early 1990s, the halftime show was based around a theme, and featured university marching bands (the Grambling State University Marching Band has performed at the most Super Bowl halftime shows, featuring in six shows including at least one per decade from the 1960s to the 1990s), drill teams, and other performance ensembles such as Up with People. Beginning in 1991, the halftime show began to feature pop music acts such as New Kids on the Block and Gloria Estefan. In an effort to boost the prominence of the halftime show to increase viewer interest, Super Bowl XXVII featured a headlining performance by Michael Jackson. After Super Bowl XXXVIII, whose halftime show featured an incident where Justin Timberlake exposed one of Janet Jackson's breasts, the halftime show began to feature classic rock acts until the return of headlining pop musicians in 2011.

Loren Toews

Loren James Toews (born November 3, 1951) is a retired NFL football player.

Toews graduated from Del Mar High School in San Jose, California and later University of California, Berkeley where he received his degree in biological sciences. In 1972, Toews was named the "most inspirational player" on the team at Berkeley and given the Stub Allison Award, named after California football coach Leonard B. "Stub" Allison.

That following year, in 1973 Toews was drafted in the eighth round by the Pittsburgh Steelers where he played as a linebacker for 11 seasons. While playing for the Steelers, Toews attended the University of Pittsburgh's Graduate School of Business and obtained his MBA degree in 1981.

Toews was a four-time Super Bowl participant and a four-time winner. He started in Super Bowl XIII and Super Bowl XIV. In Super Bowl IX, though, he replaced an injured Andy Russell for most of the second half. As an accomplished linebacker, he was able to contribute to the win.Toews retired from professional football at spring camp in 1984 having played in 57 consecutive games up to the last game of the previous season.Toews has a wife, Valerie and is also the father of three children: Aaron, Jocelyn and Cassandra. Aaron was a defenseman on the Northeastern University hockey team from 1996-1998. Jocelyn owns an independent record label called Lujo Records.

Toews lives in the San Francisco Bay Area where he and his younger brother Jeff (who also played in the NFL as an offensive lineman) buy and sell Real Estate.

Oscar Reed

Oscar Reed (born March 24, 1944) is a former professional American football player who played running back for eight seasons for the Minnesota Vikings and Atlanta Falcons. He started Super Bowl VIII for the Vikings and also played in Super Bowl IV and Super Bowl IX.

Rick Druschel

Richard Dennis Druschel (born January 15, 1952) is a former professional American football player who played guard for one season for the Pittsburgh Steelers. That one season led to a Super Bowl IX victory over the Minnesota Vikings.

Ronnie Shanklin

Ronnie Shanklin (January 21, 1948 — April 17, 2003) was a professional American football player who played wide receiver for six seasons for the Pittsburgh Steelers and the Chicago Bears. He also played football at the University of North Texas.

He was a member of the 1974 Steelers squad that defeated he Minnesota Vikings in Super Bowl IX. He was also a part of the 1972 Steelers team that defeated the Oakland Raiders in the Immaculate Reception play off game (their first ever post-season appearance) and the 1973 Steelers that lost to the Raiders in the first round of the playoffs.

1st Touchdown pass that Terry Bradshaw ever threw in the NFL 67 yards.

Steve Craig

Steve Craig (born March 13, 1951) is an American football player who played tight end in the National Football League from 1974 to 1978 and played in two Super Bowls. He attended Garfield High School in Akron, Ohio, the same high school fellow NFL receiver Jim Lash attended, and Northwestern University. Craig was drafted in round 3 of the 1974 NFL Draft by the Minnesota Vikings. His five-year pro-career was spent with the Minnesota Vikings, during which time which he helped lead the team to Super Bowl IX and Super Bowl XI appearances.

Terry Brown (American football)

Terry Lynn Brown (born January 9, 1947 in Walters, Oklahoma) played professional American football from 1969–1976 in the National Football League. He is most famous for scoring the Minnesota Vikings only points of Super Bowl IX on a blocked punt.

Wally Hilgenberg

Walter Hilgenberg (September 19, 1942 – September 23, 2008) was a professional American football player.

Hilgenberg was born in Marshalltown, Iowa. His family moved to Wilton (then known as Wilton Junction) where he grew up and graduated from Wilton High School.

He attended the University of Iowa, where he starred on both sides of the line of scrimmage, as a linebacker and as a guard. He played 16 seasons in the National Football League, with the Detroit Lions and Minnesota Vikings.

In 1964, he was drafted in the fourth round by the Lions. In 1968, he was traded from the Lions to the Pittsburgh Steelers, but was waived before ever playing a game in Pittsburgh. After being waived by the Steelers, Hilgenberg was picked up off waivers by the Vikings, for whom he played until he retired after the 1979 season. During that time, he was one of 11 players to play in all four of the Vikings' Super Bowl appearances (Super Bowl IV, Super Bowl VIII, Super Bowl IX, Super Bowl XI).Hilgenberg's daughter Kristi was Miss Minnesota Teen USA 1998.Hilgenberg's grandson, Luke, was a linebacker for the Iowa Hawkeyes.Hilgenberg died on September 23, 2008, after battling amyotrophic lateral sclerosis or Lou Gehrig's disease for several years.

After his death, brain dissection found advanced CTE which mimics many ALS symptoms.

Scoring summary
Quarter Time Drive Team Scoring information Score
Plays Yards TOP PIT MIN
2 7:11 PIT −10-yard fumble, Fran Tarkenton tackled in the end zone by Dwight White for a safety 2 0
3 13:25 4 30 1:24 PIT Franco Harris 9-yard touchdown run, Roy Gerela kick good 9 0
4 10:33 MIN Terry Brown recovered blocked punt in end zone, Fred Cox kick no good, hit left upright 9 6
4 3:31 11 66 6:47 PIT Larry Brown 4-yard touchdown reception from Terry Bradshaw, Gerela kick good 16 6
"TOP" = time of possession. For other American football terms, see Glossary of American football. 16 6
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