Sultan of Johor

The Sultan of Johor is a hereditary seat and the sovereign ruler of the Malaysian state of Johor. In the past, the sultan held absolute power over the state and was advised by a bendahara. Currently, the role of bendahara has been taken over by chief minister (Malay: Menteri Besar) with the constitutional monarchy system via Johor State Constitution. The Sultan is the constitutional head of state of Johor. The Sultan has own independent military force Royal Johor Military Force (Malay: Askar Timbalan Setia Negeri Johor). The Sultan is also the Head of Islam in Johor state.[1]

Sultan of Johor
Sultan and Yang-di Pertuan of the State of Johor, The Abode of Dignity and its dependencies
Provincial/State
BenderaSultanJohor
Incumbent
SULTAN IBRAHIM ISMAIL
Sultan Ibrahim Ismail Ibni Almarhum Sultan Iskandar Al-Haj
since 23 January 2010
coronation 23 March 2015
Details
StyleHis Majesty
Heir apparentTunku Ismail Ibni Sultan Ibrahim Ismail
First monarchAlauddin Riayat Shah II
Formation1528
ResidenceIstana Bukit Serene, Johor Bahru
Websitekemahkotaan.johor.gov.my

History

The first sultan of Johor was Alauddin Riayat Shah II. He was the son of the last sultan of Malacca, Sultan Mahmud Shah. The descendants of the Sultanate of Malacca in Johor ended with the death of Sultan Mahmud Shah II in 1699 and throne was taken over by Sultan Abdul Jalil IV. Abdul Jalil IV was a bendahara before the death of the sultan.

Though Johor has been ruled over by at least 20 sultans, the first sultan of modern Johor (Temenggong dynasty)[2] was Sultan Abu Bakar who reigned from 1862 to 1895. He was the first person from the Temenggong family to become the sultan in Johor's history. His father, Temenggong Daeng Ibrahim managed to consolidate enough power to disfranchise Sultan Ali who died in 1877.

Office-holder

The office of sultan is currently held by Sultan Ibrahim Ismail Ibni Almarhum Sultan Iskandar Al-Haj, who was proclaimed as the 25th Sultan of Johor on 23 January 2010 and crowned on 23 March 2015 at the Istana Besar, Johor Bahru. His father, Sultan Iskandar Al-Haj ibni Almarhum Sultan Ismail Al-Khalidi, a great-grandson of Sultan Abu Bakar died on 22 January 2010; the death was announced that night. Ibrahim Ismail, The Tunku Mahkota of Johor (Crown Prince of Johor), was appointed as Acting Sultan of Johor on the same day. The funeral was held on 23 January after the proclamation of Sultan Ibrahim Ismail.

List of office bearers

Sultans of Johor Reign
Malacca-Johor Dynasty
Alauddin Riayat Shah II 1528–1564
Muzaffar Shah II 1564–1570
Abdul Jalil Shah I 1570–1571
Ali Jalla Abdul Jalil Shah II 1571–1597
Alauddin Riayat Shah III 1597–1615
Abdullah Ma'ayat Shah 1615–1623
Abdul Jalil Shah III 1623–1677
Ibrahim Shah 1677–1685
Mahmud Shah II 1685–1699
Bendahara Dynasty
Abdul Jalil Shah IV (Bendahara Abdul Jalil) 1699–1720
Malacca-Johor Dynasty (descent)
Abdul Jalil Rahmat Shah I (Raja Kecil) 1718–1722
Bendahara Dynasty
Sulaiman Badrul Alam Shah 1722–1760
Abdul Jalil Muazzam Shah 1760–1761
Ahmad Riayat Shah 1761–1761
Mahmud Shah III 1761–1812
Abdul Rahman Muazzam Shah I 1812–1819
Ahmad Hussein Muazzam Shah (Tengku Long) 1819–1835
Ali Iskandar Muazzam Shah 1835–1855
Sultan of Modern Johor
Abu Bakar al-Khalil 1886–1895
Ibrahim Iskandar al-Masyhur 1895–1959
Ismail al-Khalidi 1959–1981
Mahmud Iskandar al-Haj 1981–2010
Ibrahim Ismail[3] 2010–present

Genealogy tree

  • Sri Paduka Dato Temenggong Sri Maharaja Daeng Ibrahim ibni al-Marhum Dato Temenggong Sri Maharaja ‘Abdu’l Rahman, Maharaja of Johor
       (8 December 1810 – 10 March 1855 – 31 January 1862, ancestor of the sultanal Temenggong Dynasty)
    • Paduka Sri Sultan Sir Abu Bakar al-Khalil Ibrahim Shah ibni al-Marhum Dato’ Temenggong Sri Maharaja Tun Ibrahim (3 February 1833 – 31 January 1862 – 4 June 1895)
      • Paduka Sri Sultan Al-Haj Sir Ibrahim al-Mashur ibni al-Marhum Sultan Sir Abu Bakar (17 September 1873 – 4 June 1895 – 8 May 1959)
        • Tunku Muhammad Khalid ibni Tunku Mahkota Ibrahim
        • Paduka Sri Sultan Sir Ismail ibni al-Marhum Sultan Sir Ibrahim (28 October 1894 – 8 May 1959 – 10 May 1981)
          • Tunku 'Abdu'l Jalil ibni al-Marhum Sultan Sir Ismail (11 May 1924 – 16 May 1925)
          • Tunku 'Abdu'l Rahman ibni al-Marhum Sultan Sir Ismail (29 July – 16 September 1930)
          • Paduka Sri Sultan Mahmud Iskandar Al-Haj ibni al-Marhum Sultan Sir Ismail (8 April 1932 – 10 May 1981 – 22 January 2010)
            Enche’ Besar Hajjah Kalthom binti ‘Abdu’llah (b. in England, 2 December 1935 – 1 June 2018), née Josephine Ruby Trevorrow
            • Sultan Ibrahim Ismail ibni al-Marhum Sultan Mahmud Iskandar al-Haj (Born 22 November 1958 – enthr. 23 January 2010 – )
              Raja Zarith Sofia binti al-Marhum Sultan Idris al-Mutawakil Allah Afifu’llah Shah, princess of Perak (14 August 1959 – )
              • Tunku Ismail Idris ‘Abdu’l Majid Abu Bakar Iskandar ibni Sultan Ibrahim Ismail, Tunku Mahkota (Crown Prince, 30 June 1984 – )
                • Tunku Iskandar Abdul Jalil Abu Bakar Ibrahim Ibni Tunku Ismail, Raja Muda (14 October 2017 - )[4]
              • Tunku Tun Aminah Maimunah Iskandariah binti Sultan Ibrahim Ismail (8 April 1986 – )
              • Tunku Idris Iskandar Ismail ‘Abdu’l Rahman ibni Sultan Ibrahim Ismail, Tunku Temenggong (25 December 1987 – ).
              • Tunku ‘Abdu’l Jalil Iskandar ibni Sultan Ibrahim Ismail, Tunku Laksamana (5 July 1990 – 5 December 2015)[5]
              • Tunku ‘Abdu’l Rahman Hassanal Jeffrii bni Sultan Ibrahim Ismail, Tunku Panglima (5 February 1993 – )
              • Tunku ‘Abu Bakar ibni Sultan Ibrahim Ismail, Tunku Putera (30 May 2001 – )

See also

References

  1. ^ Wong Chun Wai (27 September 2017). "Dressing down for launderette". The Star. Retrieved 28 June 2018.
  2. ^ Nadarajah, Johore and the Origins of British Control, pg 44
  3. ^ "Tunku Ibrahim Ismail Proclaimed As Sultan Of Johor". Bernama. 23 January 2010. Archived from the original on 1 March 2010. Retrieved 28 June 2018.
  4. ^ Johor Sultan appoints his grandson as Raja Muda
  5. ^ Zazali Musa (5 December 2015). "Johor prince Tunku Jalil dies of cancer". The Star. Retrieved 28 June 2018.

Notes

  • Nesalamar Nadarajah, Johore and the Origins of British Control, 1895–1914, Arenabuku, 2000, ISBN 967-970-318-5
  • T. Wignesan, "A Peranakan's View of the fin de siècle monde malais – Na Tian Piet's Endearing syair of Epic Proportions" [partial tranls. with introduction and notes to Na Tian Piet's "Sha'er of the late Sultan Abu Bakar (of Johor)"]in The Gombak Review, Vol. 4,N° 2 (International Islamic University Malaysia), Kuala Lumpur, 1999, pp. 101–121.
  • T. Wignesan. Sporadic Striving amid Echoed Voices, Mirrored Images and Stereotypic Posturing in Malaysian-Singaporean Literatures. Allahabad: Cyberwit.net, 2008, pp. 196–218. ISBN 978-81-8253-120-8
2011 Sultan of Johor Cup

The 2011 Sultan of Johor Cup was the first edition of the Sultan of Johor Cup. It was held in Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia from 5–12 November 2011.

The amount of six teams were competing in this edition.

Malaysia defeated Australia 3–2 through golden goal after being tied 2–2 in the final match to win the cup.

2012 Sultan of Johor Cup

The 2012 Sultan of Johor Cup was the second edition of the Sultan of Johor Cup. It was held in Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia from 11–18 November 2012.

The number of teams for this year's cup are the same compared to the previous tournament where six teams competed.

Germany defeated India 3–2 through golden goal after being tied 2–2 in the final match to win the cup.

2013 Sultan of Johor Cup

The 2013 Sultan of Johor Cup was the third edition of the Sultan of Johor Cup. It was held in Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia from 22–29 September 2013.

The number of teams for this year’s cup are the same compared to the previous tournament where six teams competed.

India defeated Malaysia 3–0 in the final match to win the cup.

2014 Sultan of Johor Cup

The 2014 Sultan of Johor Cup was the fourth edition of the Sultan of Johor Cup. It was held in Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia from 12–19 October 2014.

The number of teams for the 2014 tournament were the same compared to the previous tournament where six teams competed. Argentina, England and South Korea, who had competed previously, did not participate in this edition and Australia, Great Britain and New Zealand were invited.

India defeated Great Britain 2–1 in the final match to win the cup.

2015 Sultan of Johor Cup

The 2015 Sultan of Johor Cup was the fifth edition of the Sultan of Johor Cup. It was held in Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia from 11 October – 18 October 2015.

The number of teams for this year’s cup are the same compared to the previous tournament where six teams competed. New Zealand who competed previously, will not join this edition and Argentina had been invited.

Great Britain defeated India 4–3 in a penalty shootout after being tied 2–2 in the final match to win the cup.

2016 Sultan of Johor Cup

The 2016 Sultan of Johor Cup was the sixth edition of the Sultan of Johor Cup. It was held in Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia from 31 October – 6 November 2016.

As in previous editions, a total of six teams competed for the title. Defending champions Great Britain, as well as Argentina and India who also competed previously, were absent from the tournament. The teams were replaced by England, Japan and New Zealand.

Australia won the tournament for the first time by defeating Pakistan 3–1 in the final. Japan won the bronze medal by defeating England 4–1 in a penalty shoot-out following a 2–2 draw.

2017 Sultan of Johor Cup

The 2017 Sultan of Johor Cup was the seventh edition of the Sultan of Johor Cup, a field hockey tournament. It was held in Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia from 22 to 29 October 2017.

As in previous editions, a total of six teams competed for the title. England, New Zealand as well as Pakistan who competed previously, were absent from the tournament. The teams were replaced by Great Britain, India and United States.

2018 Sultan of Johor Cup

The 2018 Sultan of Johor Cup was the eighth edition of the Sultan of Johor Cup, a international men's under–21 field hockey tournament in Malaysia. It was held in Johor Bahru, Malaysia from 6 to 13 October 2018.As in previous editions, a total of six teams competed for the title. The United States who competed in 2017 were absent from the tournament. The team was replaced by New Zealand.

2019 Sultan of Johor Cup

The 2019 Sultan of Johor Cup is the ninth edition of the Sultan of Johor Cup, a international men's under–21 field hockey tournament in Malaysia. It is held in Johor Bahru, Malaysia from 12 to 19 October 2019.As in previous editions, a total of six teams competed for the title. All the teams that appeared in the 2018 edition returned for the 2019 tournament.

Ali Iskandar of Johor

Sultan Ali Iskandar Shah ibni Hussein Muazzam Shah was the 19th Sultan of Johor, who succeeded his father, Sultan Hussein after the latter died of natural cause in 1835. Over the next twenty years, Sultan Ali's claims to the office of Sultan of Johor were only recognised by some merchants and a few Malays. Like his father, Sultan Ali's was much of a puppet monarch and played a minimal role in the administrative affairs of the state, which came under the charge of the Temenggong and the British. In 1855, Sultan Ali ceded the sovereignty rights of Johor (except Kesang in Muar) to Temenggong Daeng Ibrahim, in exchange for a formal recognition as the "Sultan of Johor" by the British and a monthly allowance. Following the secession of Johor, Sultan Ali was granted administrative charge over Muar until his death in 1877, and in most administrative matters, was often styled as the "Sultan of Muar".

Hussein Shah of Johor

Sultan Hussein Mua'zzam Shah ibni Mahmud Shah Alam (1776 – 5 September 1835) was the 18th ruler of Johor-Riau. He signed two treaties with Britain which culminated in the founding of modern Singapore; during which he was given recognition as the Sultan of Johor and Singapore in 1819 and the Sultan of Johor in 1824. However, Sultan Hussein was regarded as no more than a British puppet, at least during the first few years of his reign. Towards his last years of his reign and during the first half of his son's reign as the Sultan of Johor, limited recognition was given by a few nobles. The British were concerned mainly with their own economic and political gains.

Ibrahim Ismail of Johor

Sultan Ibrahim ibni Almarhum Sultan Iskandar Al-Haj (Jawi: سلطان إبراهيم ابن المرحوم سلطان إسكندر; born 22 November 1958) is the 25th Sultan of Johor and the 5th Sultan of modern Johor. He is the son of Sultan Iskandar.

A motorcycle enthusiast, Sultan Ibrahim is well known as the founder of the annual motorcycling tour event, Kembara Mahkota Johor.

Ismail of Johor

Sultan Sir Ismail Al Khalidi Ibni Al-Marhum Sultan Ibrahim Al-Masyhur, KBE, CMG (28 October 1895–10 May 1981) was the 23rd Sultan of Johor and the 3rd Sultan of modern Johor.

Istana Besar

Istana Besar or Grand Palace is the royal palace of the Sultan of Johor which is located in Johor Bahru, Malaysia.

Istana Bukit Serene

Istana Bukit Serene is the royal palace and official residence of the Sultan of Johor, located in Johor Bahru, Malaysia. The palace faces the Straits of Johor and has a bird's eye view of Singapore, a former possession of the Sultanate.From historical records, the palace was completed in 1933.

Johor Sultanate

The Sultanate of Johor (or sometimes Johor-Riau or Johor-Riau-Lingga or Johor Empire) was founded by Malaccan Sultan Mahmud Shah's son, Sultan Alauddin Riayat Shah II in 1528. Johor was part of the Malaccan Sultanate before the Portuguese conquered Malacca's capital in 1511. At its height, the sultanate controlled modern-day Johor, Riau, and territories stretching from the river Klang to the Linggi and Tanjung Tuan, Muar, Batu Pahat, Singapore, Pulau Tinggi and other islands off the east coast of the Malay peninsula, the Karimun islands, the islands of Bintan, Bulang, Lingga and Bunguran, and Bengkalis, Kampar and Siak in Sumatra. In 1564 the Ottomans conquered the Sultanate during the Ottoman expedition to Aceh. During the colonial era, the mainland part was administered by the British, and the insular part by the Dutch, thus breaking up the sultanate into Johor and Riau. In 1946, the British section became part of the Malayan Union. Two years later, it joined the Federation of Malaya and subsequently, the Federation of Malaysia in 1963. In 1949, the Dutch section became part of Indonesia.

Mahmoodiah Royal Mausoleum

The Mahmoodiah Royal Mausoleum (Malay: Makam Diraja Mahmoodiah) is a Royal Mausoleum of Johor located at Bukit Mahmoodiah in Jalan Mahmoodiah, Johor Bahru, Malaysia. The first Sultan of Johor buried here was Sultan Abu Bakar in 1895. Besides that, the founder of UMNO, Dato' Onn Jaafar (died on 1962) was buried next to his father, Dato Jaafar bin Muhammad's grave (died in 1919).

Sultan of Johor Cup

The Sultan of Johor Cup is an annual, international under–21 men's field hockey tournament held in Malaysia.Since the first edition held in 2011, five teams have emerged victorious. India , Australia and Great Britain are the most successful teams having won the tournament twice, followed by Germany and Malaysia who have all won the tournament once.Great Britain are the most recent champions, winning the 2018 tournament. Great Britain defeated India 3–2 in the final. Australia won the bronze medal by defeating Japan 6–1.

Sultan of Pahang

Sultan of Pahang is the title of the hereditary constitutional head of Pahang, Malaysia. The current sultan is Al-Sultan Abdullah ibni Sultan Ahmad Shah. He is the Head of Islam in the state and the source of all titles, honours and dignities in the state. Historically, the title was also used by rulers of the Old Pahang Sultanate.

Sultan
Yang di-Pertua Negeri
Topics
Administrative
divisions

Languages

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.