Sulaymaniyah District

Sulaymaniya District is a district of the Sulaymaniyah Governorate, Iraq. Its main city is Sulaymaniyah, the capital of the Governorate.[1]

Sulaymaniya District
Districts of the Sulaymaniyah Governorate
Districts of the Sulaymaniyah Governorate
Country Iraq
Autonomous region Kurdistan
GovernorateSulaymaniyah Governorate
Time zoneUTC+3 (AST)


  1. ^ The map of estimated population of Sulaimany governorate in districts level -2015, Kurdistan Region Statistics Office. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
Kalar, Iraq

Kalar (Kurdish: که‌لار‎, Kelar ) is a city in Iraqi Kurdistan located on the west bank of the Sirwan (Diyala) river in Sulaymaniyah Governorate. It is located east of Kifri and west of the Kermanshah, Iran towns of Qasri Shirin and Sarpol Zahab.

List of Turkish exonyms

An exonym is a place name, used by non-natives of that place, that differs from the official or native name for that place. This article attempts to give all known Turkish exonyms for all major cities and regions as well as some smaller towns that are historically or geographically important. Turkish has a wealth of exonyms in areas beyond the current borders of Turkey notably those that were once part of Ottoman Empire and its vassals and tributaries or within the Turkish, Ottoman, or a Turkic sphere of cultural or economic influence.

In addition, Turkish sometimes renders the names of other cities in a phonetic Turkish spelling, e.g., Chicago as Şikago or Manchester as Mançester. As these forms are not commonly used in Turkish, there is not a systematic attemsept to include them here.

Cities are grouped by country and then listed alphabetically by their current best-known name in English. The English version is followed by Turkish variants in order of significance. A blue asterisk generally indicates the availability of a Turkish Wikipedia article for that city under that name which may also provide additional reference for the equivalence. Any other equivalents without further footnotes should be viewed with caution.


Qalladze or Qeladizê is a town in the Kurdistan Regional Government region in Iraqi Kurdistan, north of Sulaymaniyah, near the Iranian border. It is surrounded by mountains like many parts of Kurdistan. The town is located in a middle of Pshdar. Qalladze means "Castle of Two Rivers" from the Kurdish words Qala= castle, dw= two and ze= river. In the south west of the City there is a Castle between two rivers.


Ranya (Sorani Kurdish: ڕانیە‎) is a town in the Kurdistan region of Iraq, and is a part of the Sulaymaniyah Governance. According to the 2015 census, Ranya has a population of 229,924.

A mid-sized town, Ranya is ringed by Kewa Rash, which means "Black Mountain" in Kurdish. The town contains many popular tourist areas, including Darband, Daristan-i-Ranya, and Ganaw, as well as the villages of Dill-I Shawry, Akoyan, Betwata, Sar-u-Chawa and Zew-I Xoshnawati. These locations all provide stunning views of the local scenery. Known for its produce and agricultural expertise, the areas surrounding the town are extremely fertile.

The people of Ranya have participated in a number of revolutions against tyrannical Iraqi regimes, most famously in March 1991. The Ranya Uprising achieved a great victory for the Kurdish people and many refer to the town as Darwaza-I Raparin, the Gateway to Uprising.

Former districts
Populated places


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