Sukhothai Province

Sukhothai (Thai: สุโขทัย, pronounced [sù.kʰǒː.tʰāj]) is one of the upper central or lower northern provinces (changwat) of Thailand.[1][2] Neighboring provinces are Phrae, Uttaradit, Phitsanulok, Kamphaeng Phet, Tak, and Lampang. Sukhothai can be translated as 'dawn of happiness'.

Sukhothai

สุโขทัย
Flag of Sukhothai
Flag
Official seal of Sukhothai
Seal
Map of Thailand highlighting Sukhothai Province
Map of Thailand highlighting Sukhothai Province
CountryThailand
CapitalSukhothai Thani
Government
 • GovernorPiti Kaeosalapsi (since November 2014)
Area
 • Total6,596.1 km2 (2,546.8 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 31st
Population
(2014)
 • Total602,460
 • RankRanked 41st
 • Density91/km2 (240/sq mi)
 • Density rankRanked 49th
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
ISO 3166 codeTH-64

Etymology

The modern-day province of Sukhothai was named after the Sukhothai Kingdom that once existed in the area, which in turn borrowed its name from the Sanskrit terms sukha (सुख 'happiness') + udaya (उदय 'rise', 'emergence'), meaning 'dawn of happiness'.

Geography

Sukhothai is in the valley of the Yom River in the lower north of Thailand. The provincial capital, Sukhothai Thani is 427 kilometres (265 mi) north of Bangkok and 300 kilometres (190 mi) south of Chiang Mai. The province covers some 6,596 square kilometres (2,547 sq mi).

The Khao Luang Mountain Range, with its four main peaks: Khao Phu Kha, Khao Phra Mae Ya, Khao Chedi, and Pha Narai, lies within the Ramkhamhaeng National Park in the south of the province.[3] Si Satchanalai National Park is in the northwest, protecting the mountainous forest areas of the Phi Pan Nam Range at the northern end of the province.

History

Phra Achana Wat Si Chum
Phra Achana in Wat Si Chum Chapel, Sukhothai National Historical Park

Sukhothai was a town founded in the 13th century on the fringe of the Khmer empire. The exact year is unknown, but according to the Fine Arts Office it was between 1238 and 1257. Founded by Phokhun Si Intharathit, it was the first truly independent Thai (Siamese) Kingdom after defeating the Khmers. Sukhothai enjoyed a golden age under their third king, King Ramkhamhaeng, who was credited with creating the Khmer-derived Thai alphabet which is essentially the same as that in use today.[4] He also laid the foundation for politics, the monarchy and religion, as well as expanding its circle of influence. Sukhothai was later ruled by many kings. The province is most known for the historic city of Sukhothai, the capital of the Sukhothai Kingdom. It is about 12 km from the modern New Sukhothai city. Not far from Sukhothai are the Si Satchanalai Historical Park and the Kamphaeng Phet Historical Park. Both were cities in the former Sukhothai kingdom and at the same time period.

The province was at first known as Sawankhalok; it was renamed to Sukhothai in 1939.[5]

Language

The inhabitants of Sukhothai still speak the Sukhothai dialect of Thai among themselves. A language which has been spoken since the formation of the Sukhothai Kingdom, some 700 years ago. The Sukhothai Dialect is distinct from Central Thai in both tone and vocabulary and is thought to be similar to Proto-Tai in tone structure, an ancestor to the modern Thai language.[6] The inhabitants of Si Satchanalai and Thung Saliam Districts in the northern part of the province mainly speak Kham Muang (also known as Northern Thai or Lanna). Central Thai is understood by nearly everyone as it is used for both education and business.

Symbols

Ram Khamhaeng Sukhothai Historical Park Thailand
Statue of King Ramkhamhaeng The Great

The provincial seal shows King Ram Khamhaeng the Great sitting on the Managkhasila Asana throne. Under King Ramkhamhaeng the kingdom of Sukhothai flourished.

The provincial tree is Afzelia xylocarpa. The provincial flower is the Lotus (Nymphaea lotus).

The provincial slogan is "Source of national heritage and pride, birth place of the Thai alphabet, fireworks of the Loy Krathong festival, preservation of Buddhism, the fine Teen Jok cloth, ancient golden chinaware, holy image of Ramkhamhaeng the Great's mother, the dawn of happiness".

Administrative divisions

Map of districts

The province is subdivided into nine districts (amphoes). These are further subdivided into 86 communes (tambons) and 782 villages (mubans).

  1. Mueang Sukhothai
  2. Ban Dan Lan Hoi
  3. Khiri Mat
  4. Kong Krailat
  5. Si Satchanalai
  6. Si Samrong
  7. Sawankhalok
  8. Si Nakhon
  9. Thung Saliam

Transport

Wat Sa Si, Sukhothai, Thailand
Wat Sa Si

Roads

There are five highways traversing Sukhothai:

  • Highway 12 connects the eastern districts starting at Ban Dan Lan Hoi and passing Muang and Kong Krailat districts to Phitsanulok province.
  • Highway 101, starting at Si Satchanalai District, connects the northern districts to the southern districts and passing Sawankhalok, Si Samrong, Muang and Khiri Mat Districts to Kamphaeng Phet Province.
  • Highway 102 connects Si Satchanalai District to Uttaradit Province.
  • Highway 1180 connects Sawankhalok District to Si Nakhon District and Uttaradit Province.
  • Highway 1048 connects Sawankhalok District to Thung Saliam District and Lampang Province.

Air

Sukhothai Airport is in Sawankhalok District, about 30 kilometres (19 mi) from downtown. Flights operate daily between Sukhothai and Bangkok.

Rail

The Rail system in Sukhothai is part of the Sawankhalok Line, a branch line which splits from the Chiang Mai Main Line at Ban Dara Junction, Uttaradit and ends at Sawankhalok Station, 30 kilometers from Sukhothai town.

Songthaew Songthaews are the most popular form of public transport in the new city and the rural areas. Larger sized Songthaews travel to and from the old and new cities.

Bus

Air-conditioned buses run regularly from Sukhothai Bus Terminal to Bangkok and Chiang Mai, stopping at other major towns on the way. Non air-conditioned buses are for inter-provincial travel to the other districts.

Other

Tuk-tuks and motorbike-taxis are popular for short journeys within the new town.

Tourism

Sukhothai province is most known for its historical city of Sukhothai, the first capital of Siam, founded by King Ramkhamhaeng. The province's temples and monuments have been well restored and Sukhothai Historical Park is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Other interesting places include Ramkhamhaeng National Museum, Ramkhamhaeng National Park, Si Satchanalai Historical Park, Khao Luang National Park and The Royal Palace and Wat Mahathat.

Wat Mahathat Buddha - Sukhothai
Wat Mahathat
British Museum Asia 2
Sangkhalok ceramic

References

  1. ^ http://www.sukhothai.go.th/3584/data/data_01.htm
  2. ^ http://tourisminvest.tat.or.th/en/component/content/article?id=62
  3. ^ "Ramkhamhaeng national park, Sukhothai province, Thailand". www.trekthailand.net. Retrieved 14 April 2018.
  4. ^ "Sukhothai". Tourthai.net. 2006. Archived from the original on October 11, 2007. Retrieved 2008-09-28.
  5. ^ "พระราชกฤษฎีกาเปลี่ยนนามจังหวัดและอำเภอบางแห่ง พุทธศักราช ๒๔๘๒" (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai). 56 (0 ก): 351–353. April 17, 1939.
  6. ^ https://thaiarc.tu.ac.th/thai/thai.htm

External links

Coordinates: 17°0′21″N 99°49′35″E / 17.00583°N 99.82639°E

Ban Dan Lan Hoi District

Ban Dan Lan Hoi (Thai: บ้านด่านลานหอย, pronounced [bâːn dàːn lāːn hɔ̌j]) is a district (amphoe) in the western part of Sukhothai Province, in the lower north of Thailand.

Khiri Mat District

Khiri Mat (Thai: คีรีมาศ, pronounced [kʰīː.rīː mâːt]) is the southernmost district (amphoe) of Sukhothai Province, in the lower northern region of Thailand.

Kong Krailat District

Kong Krailat (Thai: กงไกรลาศ, pronounced [kōŋ krāj.lâːt]) is a district (amphoe) in the southeastern part of Sukhothai Province, in the lower northern region of Thailand.

Mueang Sukhothai District

Mueang Sukhothai (Thai: เมืองสุโขทัย, pronounced [mɯ̄a̯ŋ sù.kʰǒː.tʰāj]) is the capital district (amphoe mueang) of Sukhothai Province, northern Thailand.

Ramkhamhaeng National Park

Ramkhamhaeng National Park (Thai: อุทยานแห่งชาติรามคำแหง) is a national park in Thailand.

Sawankhalok District

Sawankhalok (Thai: สวรรคโลก, pronounced [sā.wǎn.kʰā.lôːk]) is a district (amphoe) in the northern part of Sukhothai Province, in the lower north of Thailand.

Sawankhalok Line

The Sawankhalok Line is a branch railway line which splits from Chiang Mai Main Line at Ban Dara Junction, and ends at Sawankhalok. There are three stations on the line: Ban Dara Junction, Khlong Maphlap, Sawankhalok.

Si Nakhon District

Si Nakhon (Thai: ศรีนคร, pronounced [sǐː ná(ʔ).kʰɔ̄ːn]) is a district (amphoe) of Sukhothai Province, in the lower northern region of Thailand. It may also be spelled Sri Nakhon.

Si Samrong District

Si Samrong (Thai: ศรีสำโรง, pronounced [sǐː sǎm.rōːŋ]) is a district (amphoe) of Sukhothai Province in the lower north of Thailand.

Si Satchanalai District

Si Satchanalai (Thai: ศรีสัชนาลัย, pronounced [sǐː sàt.t͡ɕʰā.nāː.lāj]) is the northernmost district (amphoe) of Sukhothai Province, in the lower northern region of Thailand. Si may also be transliterated as Sri.

Si Satchanalai National Park

Si Satchanalai National Park (Thai อุทยานแห่งชาติศรีสัชนาลัย) is a national park in Thailand.

Sukhothai (city)

Sukhothai (Thai: สุโขทัย, pronounced [sù.kʰǒː.tʰāj]) was the capital of the Sukhothai Kingdom. Sukhothai is 12 km west of the modern city of Sukhothai Thani.

Sukhothai Airport

Sukhothai Airport (IATA: THS, ICAO: VTPO) (Thai: ท่าอากาศยานสุโขทัย) is an airport serving Sukhothai Province, Northern Thailand.

Sukhothai F.C.

Sukhothai Football Club (Thai สโมสรฟุตบอลจังหวัดสุโขทัย) is a Thai professional association football club based in Sukhothai province. They play in the Thai League 1. Sukhothai FC represents the Sukhothai Province mainly known for being the first Kingdom of Thailand. Their main team colors are red and white and their away colors are black and green. Sukhothai FC play all their home matches at the Thalay Luang Stadium which has a maximum capacity of 9,500.

Sukhothai Institute of Physical Education Stadium

The Sukhothai Institute of Physical Education Stadium or Sukhothai Province Stadium (Thai: สนามกีฬา สพล. สุโขทัย หรือ สนามกีฬาจังหวัดสุโขทัย หรือ สนามกีฬาบุญสม มาติน) is a multi-purpose stadium in Sukhothai Province, Thailand, built to host the Sukhothai F.C. in Thailand Division 2 League from 2009 to 2013. The stadium is made up of a main stand with a capacity of 2,500 and second stand on the opposite side of the field with a capacity of 2,000. Only the main stand has seats and is covered, the second stand is uncovered and is made of concrete steps. The stadium is also fitted with an electronic scoreboard and is also used by the local public for various events.

Sukhothai Thani

Sukhothai Thani (Thai: สุโขทัยธานี, pronounced [sù.kʰǒː.tʰāj tʰāː.nīː]) is a small town about 427 km (265 mi) north of Bangkok on the River Yom, a tributary of the Chao Phraya River. The population is 37,000. The town is 12 km (7.5 mi) east of the historic city of Sukhothai. This city was the capital of the first Thai kingdom, usually called the Sukhothai Kingdom, hence the modern city is often called New Sukhothai. Sukhothai Thani is the capital of Sukhothai Province.

Supattra Pairoj

Supattra Pairoj (Thai: สุพัตรา ไพโรจน์; born 27 June 1990) is a Thai indoor volleyball player. She is a current member of the Thailand women's national volleyball team.

Thung Saliam District

Thung Saliam (Thai: ทุ่งเสลี่ยม, pronounced [tʰûŋ sā.lìa̯m]) is a district (amphoe) of Sukhothai Province, in the lower north of Thailand.

Thung Thalay Luang Stadium

Thalay Luang Stadium (Thai: สนามฟุตบอลทะเลหลวง) is a multi-purpose stadium in Sukhothai Province , Thailand. It is currently used mostly for football matches and is the home stadium of Sukhothai F.C., The stadium holds 9,500 people.

Places adjacent to Sukhothai Province
North
Northeast
Central
East
West
South

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