Sudbury, Massachusetts

Sudbury is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. At the 2010 census, it had a population of 17,659.[1] The town, located in Boston's MetroWest, has a rich colonial history.

Sudbury, Massachusetts
Wayside Inn
Official seal of Sudbury, Massachusetts

Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts
Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°23′N 71°25′W / 42.383°N 71.417°WCoordinates: 42°23′N 71°25′W / 42.383°N 71.417°W
CountryUnited States
 • TypeOpen town meeting
 • Total24.6 sq mi (63.8 km2)
 • Land24.4 sq mi (63.1 km2)
 • Water0.3 sq mi (0.7 km2)
190 ft (58 m)
 • Total17,659
 • Density720/sq mi (280/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (Eastern)
ZIP Code
Area code(s)351 / 978
FIPS code25-68260
GNIS feature ID0618237


The town was incorporated in 1639. At that time, the boundaries of Sudbury included (by 1653) all what is now of Wayland (which split off in 1780), and parts of Framingham, Marlborough, Stow and Maynard (Maynard split off 1871).[2][3] Nipmuc Indians lived in what is now Sudbury, including Tantamous, a medicine man, and his son Peter Jethro, who deeded a large parcel of land to Sudbury for settlement in 1684.[4]

Sudbury also contributed the most militia during King Philip's War and was the site of the well-known attack on Sudbury.[4] Ephraim Curtis was a successful leader of the militia of West Sudbury and would lend his name to the town's junior high school.[5][6]:24–75 Sudbury militia participated in the Battle of Lexington and Concord, in 1775, where Sudbury members sniped on British Red Coats returning to Boston.

One of Sudbury's historic landmarks, the Wayside Inn, claims to be the country's oldest operating inn, built and run by the Howe family for many generations. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow wrote Tales of a Wayside Inn, a book of poems published in 1863. In the book, the poem The Landlord's Tale was the source of the immortal phrase "listen my children and you shall hear, of the midnight ride of Paul Revere." Henry Ford bought the inn in 1923, restored it and donated it to a charitable foundation which continues to run it as an operating inn to this day. Ford also built a boys' school on the property, as well as a grist mill, and the Martha–Mary Chapel. He brought in the Redstone Schoolhouse from Sterling, which was reputed to be the school in Sarah Josepha Hale's nursery rhyme Mary Had a Little Lamb.[7][8] However, Giuseppi Cavicchio's refusal to sell his water rights scuttled Henry Ford's plans to build an auto parts factory at the site of Charles O. Parmenter's mill in South Sudbury.[9] The Sudbury Center Historic District has changed little since 1800.

In August 1925, a Sudbury farm was the scene of a riot between local members of the Ku Klux Klan and Irish-American youths from the area. Five people were wounded by gunshots, and the State Police arrested over 100 Klansmen. Massachusetts officials cracked down on the group's meetings thereafter, and the Klan died out in the area.[9]

In the period after World War II, Sudbury experienced rapid growth in population and industry. Defense contractor Raytheon was a major employer, operating a large research facility in Sudbury from 1958 until 2016. Another major employer in that period was Sperry Rand. In the 1970s, the town was home to many of the engineers working in the minicomputer revolution at Digital Equipment Corporation in nearby Maynard. Sudbury was also one of the largest carnation-growing towns, with many greenhouse operations.

From 1960–1969, Sudbury challenged and prevailed against a proposal by Boston Edison Company which would have installed overhead transmission lines through what is now Great Meadows National Wildlife Refuge. Ultimately, the line was instead buried under streets to Maynard.[10]

Residentially, Sudbury's 1-acre (4,000 m2) zoning bylaws helped the town maintain a more rural character through the 1970s and 1980s, when developments of single-family Colonials and large Capes established it as an affluent location. Commercial growth was restricted to the town's main thoroughfare, US Route 20. Significant tracts of open space—including much wetland—were preserved in the northern half of town and along the Hop Brook corridor flowing from the Wayside Inn Historic District in the southwest part of town through the King Philip Historic District (site of a conflict in King Philip's War) and into the Sudbury River at the southeast border with Wayland, Massachusetts. A significant portion of the Assabet River National Wildlife Refuge (opened in 2005) is located in Sudbury.

The town's ZIP code of 01776 was specially assigned in recognition of the town's historical connections to the Revolutionary War, according to the Sudbury Historical Society. Residents of the town at the time disagree. The code was assigned without regard to historic significance.


Sudbury Signpost
An antique granite road marker along Route 27 in the town's center
Sudbury in 1856 from Walling's
Sudbury in 1856

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 24.6 square miles (64 km2), of which 24.4 square miles (63 km2) is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2), or 1.06%, is water. The highest point in Sudbury is on the north slope of Nobscot Hill, and the highest summit is Tippling Rock,[11] which commands a great view of the west of Boston and the tops of the Hancock and Prudential buildings in downtown.

Sudbury is bordered by Wayland (the Sudbury River) on the east; Framingham on the south; Hudson, Maynard, Marlborough, and Stow on the west; Concord on the northeast; and Acton on the north. A larger town, Sudbury also shares a common corner with Lincoln, with which it shares a regional high school, Lincoln-Sudbury High School. Sudbury is 20 miles (32 km) west of Boston, 26 miles (42 km) east of Worcester, and 194 miles (312 km) from New York City.

The area of original town of Sudbury in 1650 included most of the area within the present towns of Wayland and Maynard and all of the area within the present town of Sudbury.[12]

Adjacent towns

Sudbury is located in eastern Massachusetts, bordered by several towns:


Historical population
* population 1850–2010
Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.[13][14][15][16][17][18][19][20][21][22] * population 1790–1840 Source: Map Of Massachusetts[23]

As of the census[24] of 2000, there were 16,841 people, 5,504 households, and 4,749 families residing in the town. The population density was 691.1 people per square mile (266.8/km²). There were 5,590 housing units at an average density of 229.4 per square mile (88.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 94.23% Caucasian, 0.80% African American, 0.03% Native American, 3.72% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.23% from other races, and 0.96% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.24% of the population. An update in the town's census[25] recorded the population at 18,192 as of 6/10/2015.

There were 5,504 households out of which 51.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 78.5% were married couples living together, 6.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 13.7% were non-families. 11.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.02 and the average family size was 3.28.

In the town, the population was spread out with 32.5% under the age of 18, 3.2% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 27.2% from 45 to 64, and 9.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town is $151,041, and the median income for a family is $222,008. Males had a median income of $148,593 versus $47,500 for females. The per capita income for the town was $75,865. About 2.1% of families and 2.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.9% of those under age 18 and 4.8% of those age 65 or over.


State and federal government

On the federal level, Precincts 1A, 2, 3, 4, and 5 of Sudbury are part of Massachusetts's 5th congressional district, represented by Katherine Clark. Precinct 1 is part of Massachusetts's 3rd congressional district, represented by Lori Trahan. The state's senior (Class I) member of the United States Senate is Elizabeth Warren. The junior (Class II) senator is Ed Markey.


Sudbury students in kindergarten through eighth grade attend Sudbury Public Schools, while high school students attend schools in the Lincoln-Sudbury Regional School District, which was established in 1954, integrating the former Sudbury High School with that of the nearby town of Lincoln, Massachusetts. In 2011, Boston magazine ranked Sudbury's school system 4th in the state, in both of its categories(classroom/academics & Testing/Achievement scores). In subsequent (as well as many prior years) Sudbury is perennially ranked as a 'Top 20' Massachusetts school system. [1]

In June 2002, the towns of Lincoln and Sudbury began a $74 million project to build a new high school near the site of the original building. The shared Lincoln-Sudbury Regional High School (LSRHS) is located in Sudbury.

The high school's science program student team won the 2006 National Ocean Sciences Bowl championship, and came in second in 2005. LSRHS has a nationally recognized school newspaper and school yearbook, The Forum and DYAD respectively.

There are four elementary schools in Sudbury and one middle school. The four elementary schools are:

  • Josiah Haynes Elementary School
  • Israel Loring Elementary School
  • General John Nixon Elementary School
  • Peter Noyes Elementary School

The middle school is:

  • Ephraim Curtis Middle School

Sudbury has two former elementary schools that were converted to other uses:

Places of worship

2004-08-14 - 01 - Sudbury
Sudbury's First Parish Church
2004-08-14 - 03 - Sudbury
The town's Presbyterian Church
  • First Parish of Sudbury. Gathered in 1640, and moved to the present site in 1723. The historic meeting house (second on the site) was built in 1797. First Parish became Unitarian in 1837 and is now Unitarian Universalist.[26]
  • First Baptist Church of Sudbury, Baptist
  • Congregation B'nai Torah, Jewish
  • Congregation Beth El of the Sudbury River Valley], Jewish
  • Chabad Center of Sudbury], Jewish
  • Memorial Congregational Church, member of the United Church of Christ.[27] An Open and Affirming Congregation.[28]
  • Our Lady of Fatima Parish, Roman Catholic
  • Presbyterian Church in Sudbury
  • Saint Elizabeth's Episcopal Church
  • St. Anselm Rectorate, Roman Catholic
  • St. John Evangelical Lutheran Church
  • Sudbury United Methodist Church

Notable people

See also


  1. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Sudbury town, Middlesex County, Massachusetts". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved April 9, 2012.
  2. ^ "Historical Maps of Sudbury". Sudbury Massachusetts town website. Town of Sudbury, MA. Retrieved July 15, 2012.
  3. ^ Mark, David A. (2014). Hidden History of Maynard. The History Press. pp. 11–18. ISBN 1-62619-541-2.
  4. ^ a b Gutteridge, William H. (1921). A Brief History of the Town of Maynard, Massachusetts. Maynard, MA: Town of Maynard, p. 13-16 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Gutteridge" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  5. ^ "King Philip's War and The Sudbury Fight".
  6. ^ Powers, John Christopher (1988). We shall not tamely give it up. Privately printed, available from Sudbury Historical Society. ASIN B0006ESFZW.
  7. ^ Roulstone, John; Mary (Sawyer) (1928). The Story of Mary's Little Lamb. Dearborn: Mr. & Mrs. Henry Ford. p. 8.
  8. ^ "About America's Oldest Inn," Longfellow's Wayside Inn Web site (, Retrieved July 25, 2014.
  9. ^ a b Garfield, Curtis F (1999). Sudbury, 1890–1989 100 Years in the Life of a Town. Porcupine Enterprises. ISBN 0-9621976-3-7.
  10. ^ "Sudbury, 1890–1989, 100 years in the Life of a Town (Chapter 21) » Informational – Historic Articles". Retrieved June 24, 2017.
  11. ^ "USGS GeoNames Detail for: Tippling Rock". Retrieved August 24, 2010.
  12. ^ "Town of Sudbury".
  13. ^ "Total Population (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1". American FactFinder, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts. United States Census Bureau. 2010.
  14. ^ "Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision - GCT-T1. Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  15. ^ "1990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76: General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990. 1990 CP-1-23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  16. ^ "1980 Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  17. ^ "1950 Census of Population" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-10 and 21-11, Massachusetts Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  18. ^ "1920 Census of Population" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21-5 through 21-7. Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1920, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  19. ^ "1890 Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. Pages 179 through 182. Massachusetts Table 5. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880 and 1890. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  20. ^ "1870 Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1872. Pages 217 through 220. Table IX. Population of Minor Civil Divisions, &c. Massachusetts. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  21. ^ "1860 Census" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1864. Pages 220 through 226. State of Massachusetts Table No. 3. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  22. ^ "1850 Census" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1854. Pages 338 through 393. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  23. ^ Borden, Simeon (1844). Map Of Massachusetts. Boston, MA: S. Borden.
  24. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  25. ^ "Sudbury Community Profile | Sudbury". Retrieved November 23, 2015.
  26. ^ Hardenbergh, Jan. "First Parish of Sudbury: Our History". Retrieved May 9, 2009* First Baptist Church of Sudbury. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  27. ^ "What is the UCC?". Retrieved December 9, 2015.
  28. ^ "All are Welcome. Really!". Retrieved December 9, 2015.
  29. ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607–1896. Marquis Who's Who. 1967.
  30. ^
  31. ^


External links

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Albert Breer

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Ashley Richardson

Ashley C. Richardson (born June 27, 1965), sometimes credited as Ashley Montana, is an American former model. She appeared on the cover of Elle a total of seven times and on the cover of Cosmopolitan twice. She also appeared six times in the Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue (1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, and 1995). After appearing on the cover of the Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue in 1991, she was erroneously reported to be the wife of then NFL San Francisco 49ers quarterback Joe Montana, however she was married to New York nightclub owner Paul Montana. Her marriage ended in annulment in 1993, at which point Richardson went back to using her maiden name.Richardson later had a brief relationship with model Brian Buzzini, resulting in a child, Daisy. After giving birth, she lost all of her pregnancy weight and subsequently appeared in the 1995 Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue. Richardson also had a brief relationship with John F. Kennedy Jr..Among Richardson's commercial advertising appearances, she modeled many times for L'eggs Sheer Energy pantyhose in print on television commercials. In 1989 she appeared in John Mellencamp's "Let It All Hang Out" music video (the song appears on Mellencamp's Big Daddy album).

During the height of her career, she visited US military installations in a morale-boosting effort to support the American troops, including the San Diego Naval Submarine Base in 1991, when she visited the USS Haddock.

Assabet River National Wildlife Refuge

Assabet River National Wildlife Refuge, (formerly referred to as the U.S. Army's Fort Devens-Sudbury Training Annex), is a 2,230-acre (9.0 km2) protected National Wildlife Refuge located approximately 25 miles (40 km) west of Boston, and 4 miles (6.4 km) west of the Eastern Massachusetts National Wildlife Refuge Complex Headquarters, along the Assabet River. It is located in portions of the Towns of Hudson, Maynard, Stow and Sudbury. The Assabet River National Wildlife Refuge consists of two separate pieces of land. The larger northern section is just north of Hudson Road, extending north to the Assabet River. The southern section is located to the south of Hudson Road. There is a visitor center located in the northern section, on Winterberry Way.

Callie Thorne

Calliope "Callie" Thorne (born November 20, 1969) is an American actress known for her role as Dr. Dani Santino on the USA Network series Necessary Roughness. She is also known for past work such as her roles on Homicide: Life on the Street as Detective Laura Ballard, a role she held for two seasons, and the movie Homicide: The Movie, as well as for playing Sheila Keefe on Rescue Me and Elena McNulty in The Wire.

Carmine Gentile

Carmine Lawrence Gentile is a member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives who was sworn in January 2015. A resident of Sudbury, Massachusetts, he was elected as a Democrat to represent the 13th Middlesex district. Gentile is a private-practice attorney who held several positions in city government before being elected to the House.

Chris Evans (actor)

Christopher Robert Evans (born June 13, 1981) is an American actor. Evans is known for his superhero roles as the Marvel Comics characters Steve Rogers in the Marvel Cinematic Universe and the Human Torch in Fantastic Four (2005) and its 2007 sequel.

Evans began his career on the 2000 television series Opposite Sex. Besides his superhero films, he has appeared in such films as Not Another Teen Movie (2001), Sunshine (2007), Scott Pilgrim vs. the World (2010), Snowpiercer (2013), and Gifted (2017). In 2014, he made his directorial debut with the drama film Before We Go, in which he also starred. Evans made his Broadway debut in a 2018 production of Lobby Hero.

Dan Chiasson

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Home Plate Farm

Home Plate Farm was located on 558 Dutton Road in Sudbury, Massachusetts. It was owned by baseball legend Babe Ruth from 1922 to 1926. Ruth had previously rented a modest cottage on Willis Pond while still with the Red Sox. That is where the supposed piano sinking took place. A few versions have Babe tossing the piano into the pond, but more likely that he and friends pushed it out onto the ice for a daytime party, and then left it there rather than try to push it pack up the hill to the cabin.

In the fall of 1922 the Ruths' marriage was faltering.

An urban legend concerning the site revolves around a teenaged boy, Lee Gavin, who was struck by a batted ball during an August 31, 2004 baseball game at Fenway Park between the Boston Red Sox and the Los Angeles Angels. Gavin lived at the Home Plate Farm site, and this incident is supposed to have presaged the Red Sox winning the World Series later in 2004, thus ending the Curse of the Bambino. The Red Sox won the game 10-7 while the New York Yankees lost 22-0 to the Cleveland Indians on the same night.

Jarrod Shoemaker

Jarrod Shoemaker (born July 17, 1982) is a professional triathlete based in Maynard, Massachusetts. He is the 2009 ITU Duathlon World Champion.

Joe Sims (American football)

Joseph Anthony Sims (born March 1, 1969) is a former professional American football player who was an offensive lineman for five seasons in the National Football League (NFL). After playing college football for the University of Nebraska, Sims was drafted by the Atlanta Falcons in the 11th round (283rd pick overall) of the 1991 NFL Draft. He also played professionally for the Green Bay Packers. During his NFL career, Sims appeared in 53 games and started 20 of those.

Lincoln-Sudbury Regional High School

Lincoln-Sudbury Regional High School (LSRHS or L-S) is a public regional high school in Sudbury, Massachusetts, United States. The school building was replaced prior to the 2004–2005 academic year.

Paula Poundstone

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Samuel Parris

Samuel Parris (1653 – February 27, 1720) was the Puritan minister in Salem, Massachusetts during the Salem witch trials. He was also the father of one of the afflicted girls, and the uncle of another.

Scott Evans (actor)

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Sudbury Valley Trustees

Sudbury Valley Trustees (SVT) is a regional open space land trust headquartered at Wolbach Farm in Sudbury, Massachusetts.

Tim Anderson (programmer)

Tim Anderson is a computer programmer who helped create the adventure game Zork, one of the first works of interactive fiction and an early descendant of ADVENT (also known as Colossal Cave Adventure). The first version of Zork was written in 1977–1979 in the MDL programming language on a DEC PDP-10 computer by Anderson, Marc Blank, Bruce Daniels, and Dave Lebling. All four were members of the Dynamic Modeling Group at the MIT Laboratory for Computer Science.

He currently resides in Sudbury, Massachusetts with his wife and family.


WYAJ (97.7 FM, "Over the Edge Radio") is a radio station licensed to serve Sudbury, Massachusetts. The station is owned by Lincoln-Sudbury Regional High School and licensed to the Sudbury Valley Broadcasting Foundation. It airs a high school radio format.Greg Hill, host of the Hill-man Morning Show on WAAF in Boston, got his start in radio on WYAJ when he was hired by student station manager Richard Lyons (host of the Megarock Show and one of the first on-air personalities in 1980). [1]

Geoff Scott, former WBZ-FM traffic reporter in Boston and 20-year Northwest radio icon (Afternoons, Rock 94.5 KHTQ & Evenings, Rock106 KEZE Spokane, Washington) also got his start in broadcasting on WYAJ as host of "The Brainmelter Show" (1982-1988).Other 1980s' alumni of WYAJ include American music industry executive Gerard Cosloy; future Hüsker Dü manager David Savoy; Vermont Public Radio reporter Amy Kolb Noyes; WENY sportscaster and Emmy award-winning Fox Sports producer Mike Isenberg.

Alumni from the 1990s include John Cavooto, well-known comic book writer; Jennifer Schandlemyer, fitness model; and Robert Marco Jr., Zoophilia legalization advocate.

The station was assigned the WYAJ call letters by the Federal Communications Commission.The station has a very small reach due to WKAF, a much stronger signal from Brockton, Massachusetts, interefering with WYAJ even in some parts of Sudbury.

Due to student disinterest in 2014 the station shut down and left the airwaves.

Wayside Inn Historic District

The Wayside Inn Historic District is a historic district on Old Boston Post Road in Sudbury, Massachusetts. The district contains the famous Wayside Inn, a historic landmark inn that is reputedly the oldest continually operating inn in the country, opening as Howe's Tavern in 1716. The district features Greek Revival and Colonial architecture. The area was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1973.

Places adjacent to Sudbury, Massachusetts
Municipalities and communities of Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States
Major cities
Cities and towns
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Cities and towns

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