Suchinda Kraprayoon

Suchinda Kraprayoon (Thai: สุจินดา คราประยูร; RTGSSuchinda Khra-prayun, born 6 August 1933) was Prime Minister of Thailand from 7 April 1992 until 24 May 1992. Suchinda, son of Juang and Sompong Kraprayoon, was born 6 August 1933 in the Thonburi, Siam, and is of Chinese[1][2][3] and Mon descent.[4]


Suchinda Kraprayoon
สุจินดา คราประยูร
Sujinda2013
19th Prime Minister of Thailand
In office
7 April 1992 – 24 May 1992
MonarchBhumibol Adulyadej
Preceded byAnand Panyarachun
Succeeded byMeechai Ruchuphan (Acting)
Minister of Defence
In office
17 April 1992 – 24 May 1992
Prime Ministerhimself
Preceded byPraphat Kritsanajun
Succeeded byBanjob Bunnag
Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces
In office
1 October 1991 – 4 April 1992
Preceded bySunthorn Kongsompong
Succeeded byKaset Rojananil
Commander in Chief
of the Royal Thai Army
In office
29 April 1990 – 7 April 1992
Preceded byChavalit Yongchaiyudh
Succeeded byIsarapong Noonpakdee
Personal details
Born6 August 1933 (age 85)
Bangkok Noi, Thonburi, Siam
NationalityThai
Spouse(s)Khun Ying Wannee Kraprayoon
Signature
Suchinda Kraprayoon's signature
Military service
Allegiance Thailand
Branch/service Royal Thai Army
Years of service1953–1990
RankRTA OF-9 (General).svg General
RTN OF-9 (Admiral).svg Admiral
RTAF OF-9 (Air Chief Marshal).svg Air Chief Marshal
CommandsCommander-in-Chief
Royal Thai Armed Forces

Early life and education

Suchinda first attended Wat Rajabopit School and later Amnuayslip School. He studied medicine at Chulalongkorn University in Bangkok for 12 months before entering the Chulachomklao Royal Military Academy. He graduated from Class 5 of the Academy, many of which would join in the National Peace Keeping Council. He also attended the US Army Command and General Staff Course at the Artillery Regiment, Fort Sill, Oklahoma, and the US Army Command and General Staff Course at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.

Early military career

Suchinda returned to Thailand in 1953 to serve as a Second Lieutenant in the Royal Thai Army. On 25 January 1958 he became Troop Leader in an artillery infantry regiment. He was gradually promoted and given more responsibilities including:[5]

NPKC

Suchinda was a leader of the National Peace Keeping Council (NPKC), which conducted a coup d'etat that ousted the elected government of Prime Minister Chatichai Choonhavan on 23 February 1991. The NPKC installed former diplomat Anand Panyarachun as Prime Minister.

After the general election on 22 March 1992, five parties (Rassadorn, Justice Unity, Social Action, Thai Citizen, Chart Thai) designated Suchinda as the prime minister. His appointment as Prime Minister on 7 April 1992 resulted in large protests, culminating in a general curfew and military deployment in Bangkok. In the event known as Black May, hundreds of people are believed to have died when soldiers opened fire on unarmed students and demonstrators during the protests.[6] Further escalation was avoided by the intervention of King Bhumibol.

Suchinda resigned from the Premiership on 24 May 1992. The Deputy Prime Minister, Meechai Ruchuphan, became caretaker Prime Minister for an interim period until the new government was assigned. He was succeeded by Anand Panyarachun.

Post-downfall

After resigning, General Suchinda was appointed Chairman of Telecom Holdings, the holding company of Telecom Asia.[7] Telecom Asia was awarded an unprecedented concession to build 2 million telephone lines in Bangkok after the NPKC seized power.

Personal life

Suchinda is married to Khunying Wannee Kraprayoon (Noonpakdee). He has two sons: Jerdwut Kraprayoon and Janewit Kraprayoon, and five grandchildren: Jomphob (JJ) Kraprayoon, Polchate (Jam) Kraprayoon, Chyatash (Jeff) Kraprayoon, Titipat (Just) Kraprayoon, and Jittisa (Jane) Kraprayoon.

Honour

Military rank

Volunteer Defense Corps of Thailand rank

References

  1. ^ (in Chinese) 泰国华裔总理不忘“本” Archived 22 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine;
  2. ^ (in Thai) บิ๊กสรรพากรแท็คทีม ยืนความเห็นเคลียร์สตง. สู้ข้อครหาภาษีหุ้นชินฯ; พลิกแฟ้ม NGO ตอบคำถาม เงิน - ผลประโยชน์เพื่อใคร??
  3. ^ [泰国] 洪林, 黎道纲主编 (April 2006). 泰国华侨华人研究. 香港社会科学出版社有限公司. p. 185. ISBN 962-620-127-4.
  4. ^ The days before ceasefire between SLORC AND NMSP on 25 June 1995 Archived 17 March 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "General Suchinda Kraprayoon". soc.go.th. Retrieved 18 July 2016.
  6. ^ "You Wonder What he Knows". Asiaweek. 2000. Archived from the original on 22 March 2006. Retrieved 4 May 2006.
  7. ^ Glen Lewis, The Asian Economic Crisis and Thai Communications Policy Archived 19 September 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ http://www.ratchakitcha.soc.go.th/DATA/PDF/2530/D/207/5.PDF
  9. ^ http://www.ratchakitcha.soc.go.th/DATA/PDF/2534/D/067/3478.PDF
  10. ^ http://www.ratchakitcha.soc.go.th/DATA/PDF/2526/D/006/1.PDF
Political offices
Preceded by
Anand Panyarachun
Prime Minister of Thailand
1992
Succeeded by
Meechai Ruchuphan
Preceded by
Chavalit Yongchaiyudh
Commander-in-Chief of Royal Thai Army
1990–1992
Succeeded by
Itsaraphong Noonphakdi
1992 in Thailand

The year 1992 was the 211th year of the Rattanakosin Kingdom of Thailand. It was the 47th year of the reign of King Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX), and is reckoned as the year 2535 in the Buddhist Era. It is most significantly the year which saw the events of Black May, a pivotal moment in Thailand's political history.

Amnuay Silpa School

Amnuay Silpa School (Thai: โรงเรียนอำนวยศิลป์; RTGS: Rong Rian Amnuai Sin) is a coeducational private school in Bangkok, Thailand. It teaches kindergarten, primary and secondary levels. The school was founded in 1926, formerly as an all-boy school in the early years. Chitra Dansuputra was the co-founder and the owner of the school. He later set up a non-profit educational trust Amnuay Silpa Foundation and donated the school to the foundation in 1564.

At its peak, the school had a student body of 7,000, but has since scaled down to about 1,500. Its alumni include six prime ministers of Thailand: Kriangsak Chamanan, Chatichai Choonhavan, Anand Panyarachun, Suchinda Kraprayoon, Chavalit Yongchaiyudh and Somchai Wongsawat.

Black May

Black May is the name of two events in history.

Black May (1992) - The popular name for the 17–20 May 1992 popular protest in Bangkok against the government of General Suchinda Kraprayoon and the bloody military crackdown that followed.

Black May (1943) - A period (May 1943) in the Battle of the Atlantic campaign during World War II, when the German U-boat arm (Ubootwaffe) suffered high casualties with fewer Allied ships sunk.

Black May (1992)

Black May, or Bloody May (Thai: พฤษภาทมิฬ; RTGS: Phruetsapha Thamin) is a common name for the 17–20 May 1992 popular protest in Bangkok against the government of General Suchinda Kraprayoon and the military crackdown that followed. Up to 200,000 people demonstrated in central Bangkok at the height of the protests. The military crackdown resulted in 52 officially confirmed deaths, many disappearances, hundreds of injuries, and over 3,500 arrests. Many of those arrested are alleged to have been tortured.

Chamlong Srimuang

Chamlong Srimuang (Thai: จำลอง ศรีเมือง, born 5 July 1935) is a Thai activist and former politician. A former general, he was a leader of the "Young Turks" military clique, founded and led the Palang Dharma Party, served for six years as governor of Bangkok, led the anti-military uprising of May 1992, and is a prominent member of the People's Alliance for Democracy, a group strongly opposed to former prime minister Thaksin Shinawatra. Chamlong had supported the military junta that overthrew Thaksin in a coup. A devout Buddhist and follower of the Santi Asoke sect, he is now celibate, a vegetarian, and claims to have no worldly possessions. Chamlong Srimuang received the Ramon Magsaysay Award in the category of Government Service in 1992.

Chuan Leekpai

Chuan Leekpai (Thai: ชวน หลีกภัย, RTGS: Chuan Likphai, pronounced [t͡ɕʰūa̯n lìːk.pʰāj]; Chinese: 呂基文; born 28 July 1938 in Trang) is a Thai politician who was the Prime Minister of Thailand from 20 September 1992 to 19 May 1995 and again from 9 November 1997 to 9 February 2001. He is a third-generation Thai Chinese of Hokkien descent. His father's name was Niyom Leekpai and his mother's name was Tuan Leekpai. Chuan Leekpai has nine siblings and is the third child in the family. At a young age, Chuan moved to the temple school at Wat Amarintraram in Bangkok where he lived for six years. He went on to study law at Thammasat University, Bangkok. After he was graduated, he worked as a lawyer and then as a politician. He has one son, Surabot Leekpai, with Pakdiporn Sujaritkul (his common-law wife).

As the leader of the Democrat Party, Chuan was elected in 1992 after the abortive coup by General Suchinda Kraprayoon, thus becoming Thailand's first prime minister to come to power without either aristocratic or military backing. His first administration consisted of a five party coalition of the Democrat, New Aspiration, Palang Dhamma, Social Action, and Social Unity Parties until he was defeated in the 1995 election, but assumed power in late-1997 following the fall of the Chavalit Yongchaiyudh administration, which was held responsible for the economic crisis that beset Thailand in 1997. Although criticised as a slow actor and allowing numerous corruption scandals, Chuan managed to meet factional demands and extend Thailand's social security system.

Isarapong Noonpakdee

Isarapong Noonpakdee (20 November 1933 - 17 February 2017, Thai: อิสระพงศ์ หนุนภักดี) was a Thai military officer who was Commander of the Royal Thai Army in 1992. Isarapong played a key role in the coup against the government of then Gen.Chatichai Choonhavan when he was deputy Army commander-in-chief. He became the secretary general of the National Peacekeeping Council (NPKC) or the coup maker. Isarapong became the interior minister in the post-coup government of Anand Panyarachun. He later succeeded Gen.Suchinda Kraprayoon as the Army chief when Suchinda became the prime minister. He has received the Bravery Medal in 1991.

Justice Unity Party

The Justice Unity Party (Thai: พรรคสามัคคีธรรม, RTGS: Phak Samakkhi Tham) was a Thai pro-military and conservative political party established after the military coup d'état of 1991. It was founded by Narong Wongwan, who became party chairman, and others close to the National Peace Keeping Council. Samakkhi Tham represented the interests of the military, bureaucracy and provincial business owners.The party enjoyed the support of junta leader Air Chief Marshal Kaset Rojananil. The Justice Unity Party won the parliamentary election in March 1992 and nominated Suchinda Kraprayoon to become prime minister. In the following conflict between the military-backed government and the pro-democratic movement, Thai media counted the party among the so-called "devil parties". After the bloody crackdown on the oppositional movement ("Black May"), the party was discredited and most of its representatives deserted it to join more promising parties, mainly the National Development Party. The remaining rump of the party transformed into the Liberal Party in June 1992, and Sompong Amornwiwat became secretary-general. In September 1992 the party's executive committee resigned and the party ceased political activity.

List of Defence Ministers of Thailand

This is list of defence ministers of Thailand. Aside from Prime Ministers holding the post concurrently, all ministers have been active-duty or retired flag officers.

List of Prime Ministers of Thailand

The Prime Minister of Thailand is the head of government of the Kingdom of Thailand. The prime minister is also the chairman of the cabinet of Thailand and represents the government at home and the country abroad.

The post of prime minister has existed since 1932, after a bloodless revolution forced the absolutist King Prajadhipok to grant for the people of Siam their first constitution. Under the newly established constitutional monarchy, the first prime minister of Siam was Phraya Manopakorn Nititada. At first, the office was called the President of the People's Committee, it was later changed to Prime Minister of Siam when the king deemed it too communistic.

Constitutionally the prime minister is required to be a member of the lower house of the National Assembly (the House of Representatives). He must also gain their approval through a resolution before an official appointment by the king can take place. As a result, the prime minister might succumb to a vote of no confidence and removal in the House. However, this has never happened up to date.

Throughout the post's existence it has mostly been occupied by military leaders from the Royal Thai Army, three holding the rank of field marshal and seven the rank of general. The post of prime minister is currently held by General Prayut Chan-o-cha, who was formally appointed to the office on 24 August 2014. Previously he was the de facto head of government as leader of the National Council for Peace and Order, since the coup d'état on 22 May 2014.

Note: The list includes leaders of military juntas and acting prime ministers. However, they are not counted in the official list as provided by the Royal Thai Government

List of ambassadors of Italy to Thailand

The Italian ambassador in Bangkok is the official representative of the Government in Rome to the Government of Thailand.

Since 1870 the governments in Rome and Bangkok maintain diplomaitc relations.

List of ambassadors of Thailand to China

The Thai Ambassador in Beijing is the official representative of the Government in Bangkok to the Government of China.

List of spouses of Prime Ministers of Thailand

The spouse of the Prime Minister of Thailand (Thai: คู่สมรสนายกรัฐมนตรีไทย) is the wife or husband of the Prime Minister of Thailand.

The spouse of the current Prime Minister is Associate Professor Naraporn Chan-o-cha.

Meechai Ruchuphan

Meechai Ruchuphan (Thai: มีชัย ฤชุพันธุ์, RTGS: Michai Ruechuphan, IPA: [miː.t͡ɕʰaj rɯ́.t͡ɕʰú.pʰan]; born 2 February 1938 in Bangkok) is a Thai legal expert and politician who served as acting Prime Minister of Thailand in 1992.

National Peace Keeping Council

The National Peace Keeping Council (NPKC, Thai: คณะรักษาความสงบเรียบร้อยแห่งชาติ) was the name assumed by a Thai military junta that overthrew the elected civilian government of Chatichai Choonhavan in 1991. It was led by Army Commander Suchinda Kraprayoon, Supreme Commander Sunthorn Kongsompong, Air Force Commander Kaset Rojananil, and members of the fifth class of Chulachomklao Royal Military Academy. After the March 1992 general election, General Suchinda was appointed prime minister. He resigned following a public uprising and pressure from King Bhumibol Adulyadej.

Prime Minister of Thailand

The Prime Minister (Thai: นายกรัฐมนตรี; RTGS: Nayok Ratthamontri; IPA: [naː.jók rát.tʰà.mon.triː]) of Thailand is the head of government of Thailand. The prime minister is also the chair of the Cabinet of Thailand. The post has existed since the Revolution of 1932, when the country became a constitutional monarchy.

Prior to the coup d'état, the prime minister is nominated by a vote in the Thai House of Representatives by a simple majority, and is then appointed and sworn-in by the King of Thailand. The house's selection is usually based on the fact that either the prime minister is the leader of the largest political party in the lower house or the leader of the largest coalition of parties. In accordance with the constitution, the prime minister can only be appointed twice and is therefore limited to a maximum of two consecutive terms. The post of Prime Minister is currently held by Retired General Prayut Chan-o-cha, since the coup d'état on 22 May 2014.

Sunthorn Kongsompong

Sunthorn Kongsompong (Thai: สุนทร คงสมพงษ์, RTGS: Sunthon Khongsomphong, IPA: [sǔn.tʰɔːn kʰoŋ.sǒm.pʰoŋ]; 1 August 1931 – 2 August 1999) was the de facto head of government of Thailand from 1991–1992, after a military coup d'etat led by Sunthorn and General Suchinda Kraprayoon deposed the government of Prime Minister Chatichai Choonhavan on February 23, 1991. The generals accused Chatichai of corruption, and established the National Peacekeeping Council (NPKC) as an interim administration, with Sunthorn as chairman. Anand Panyarachun was appointed Prime Minister in March, but the administration of the country was also executed by the NPKC. Sunthorn left the political office following the May 1992 constitution promulgation, which prohibited members of the military from executing the office of the Prime Minister.

His son is Apirat Kongsompong, who since 2018 has also been Army commander.

Taweethapisek School

Taweethapisek School (Thai: โรงเรียนทวีธาภิเศก) is a 7th oldest Boys' School in Thailand for 7th to 12th grade students, located in Bangkok Yai District, Bangkok, Thailand in the Bangkok Thonburi Area. The school was funded by King Chulalongkorn (Rama V) on 19 July 1985.

The school has one branch, located at Bangkok Yai in Bangkok. The school has facilities such as basketball and table-tennis as well as a 400-metre running track around the football field. As of 2013 there are about 3,000 students. Most of the students are Thai and mostly Buddhist, while other students follow other religions, including Hinduism, Islam, and Christianity.

Thepchai Yong

Thepchai Yong (Thai: เทพชัย หย่อง; born 22 April 1955) is a Thai newspaper and television journalist known for his reporting on corruption and his criticism of the governments of Suchinda Kraprayoon and Thaksin Shinawatra.

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