Subotička Peščara

Subotička Peščara or Subotica Sands are a landscape of exceptional distinction in Serbia. The area stretches across the far north of Bačka in the municipality of Subotica and occupies an area of 53.70 km². Today's undulating sand dunes are a result of the great movement of sand caused by excessive cattle grazing. The planned forestation of the Subotica Sands began in the late 18th century. Today's mix of forestland, steppes and swamps coupled with the banks of the river Kires, make this area the most vulnerable sandsteppe habitat of its type in Europe.

Subotica-Horgos Sands
The Subotica-Horgoš sandy area

Flora

Traces of primeval vegetation from the Subotica Sands provide valuable testimony to the plant life of the ancient Pannonian Plain. Among the preserved species is the Meadow Saffron which has its only growing spot in Serbia in the Subotica Sands.

Fauna

A number of rodent species have been recorded in the Subotica Sands, most notably the Lesser Mole Rat. A total of around 170 different bird species have been observed here. This is the reason why the area is part of the international important bird areas conservation programme.[1]

References

  1. ^ NATURE OF SERBIA - Holiday on the move. Belgrade: National Tourism Organisation of Serbia. 2013. p. 6. ISBN 978-86-6005-295-9.
Deliblatska Peščara

Deliblato Sands (Serbian: Делиблатска пешчара / Deliblatska peščara) is a large sand area covering around 300 km2 (120 sq mi) of ground in Vojvodina province, Serbia. It is located in southern Banat, situated between the river Danube and the southwestern slopes of the Carpathian Mountains. The sands are named after the village of Deliblato, in the municipality of Kovin. Its main masses are elliptical shaped hills with steppe grassland plains and steppe forests.

The Deliblato Sands is the largest sandy terrain in Europe, once part of a vast prehistoric desert, having originated from the withdrawal of the Pannonian Sea. They are home to many endemic species of plants and animals which are rare or endangered in Europe and globally. Due to its forest and surroundings, it was declared a Special Nature Reserve. On a national level, it represents a natural asset of special importance falling under protection category I.

It is referred to as the "European Sahara", or the "Old Continent's oldest desert".

Krivaja (Great Bačka Canal)

The Krivaja (Serbian Cyrillic: Криваја) is a river in northern Serbia. With the length of 109 km (68 mi) it is the longest river that flows completely within the borders of Serbian province of Vojvodina.

Körös-ér

The Körös-ér (Hungarian, also Kőrös-patak) or Kereš (Serbian: Кереш), is a river in southern Hungary and northern Serbia, a 90 km long right tributary to the Tisa river. It flows entirely within the Bačka region of both Hungary and Serbia (Vojvodina): 37 km in Hungary, 15 km as a border river and 29 km in Serbia (roughly, as different authors give different data).

List of protected natural resources in Serbia

Protected areas cover around 5% of the territory of Serbia. The Law on the Protection of the Nature defines these categories of protected areas:

Strict nature reserve — Area of unmodified natural features with representative ecosystems set aside for the preservation of its biodiversity and for scientific research and monitoring.

Special nature reserve — Area of unmodified or slightly modified natural features of great importance due to uniqueness and rarity which includes the habitats of endangered species set aside for the preservation of its unique features, education, limited tourism and for scientific research and monitoring.

National park — Area with large number of diverse ecosystems of national value, with outstanding natural features and/or cultural heritage set aside for the preservation of its natural resources and for educational, scientific and tourist use.

Natural monument — Small unmodified or slightly modified natural feature, object or phenomenon, easily detectable and unique, with unique natural attributes.

Protected habitat — Area which includes habitats of one or more wildlife species.

Landscape of outstanding features — Area of remarkable appearance with important natural and cultural value.

Nature park — Area of well-preserved natural values with preserved natural ecosystems and picturesque landscape set aside for the preservation of biodiversity and for educational, tourist, recreational and scientific use.

Tourism in Vojvodina

The Autonomous Province of Vojvodina is an autonomous province of Serbia, located in the northern part of the country, in the Pannonian Plain of Central Europe. Novi Sad is the largest city and administrative center of Vojvodina and the second largest city in Serbia. Vojvodina has a population over 1.93 million (approximately 26.88% of Serbia excluding Kosovo and 21.56% including Kosovo). It has a multi-ethnic and multi-cultural identity, with a number of mechanisms for the promotion of minority rights; there are more than 26 ethnic groups in the province, which has six official languages.Most of Vojvodina is a flat terrain, but there are several mountain areas such are Fruška Gora, Vršac Mountains, Titelski Breg, and Zagajička Brda, as well as sandy areas such are Deliblatska Peščara (nicknamed "the European Sahara"), and Subotička Peščara.

There are also many water areas in Vojvodina, including rivers, lakes, bogs, as well as artificial canals used for agricultural production and water traffic (most notable of those is Danube-Tisa-Danube Canal). Main rivers in the area are Danube, Sava, Tisa, Begej, Tamiš, Karaš, Bosut, etc., while main lakes and bogs are Palić lake, Ludoš lake, Ledinci lake, Rusanda lake and Obed bog.

Čik

The Čik or Čiker (Serbian Cyrillic: Чик or Чикер; Hungarian: Csík-ér, Croatian: Čik or Čiker) is a river in northern Serbia. A 95 km (59 mi) long right tributary to the Tisa river, it flows entirely within the Bačka region of Vojvodina province.

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