Stumped is a method of dismissal in cricket.[1]

The action of stumping can only be performed by a wicket-keeper and, according to the Laws of Cricket, a batsman can be given out stumped if:

  • the wicket-keeper puts down the wicket, while the batsman is:
    • out of his ground (because he has moved down the pitch beyond the popping crease, usually in an attempt to hit the ball); and
    • not attempting a run.

Being "out of his ground" is defined as not having any part of the batsman's body or his bat touching the ground behind the crease – i.e., if his bat is slightly elevated from the floor despite being behind the crease, or if his foot is on the crease line itself but not completely across it and touching the ground behind it, then he would be considered out (if stumped). One of the fielding team (such as the wicket-keeper himself) must appeal for the wicket by asking the umpire. The appeal is normally directed to the square-leg umpire, who would be in the best position to adjudicate on the appeal.

Hayden and Dhoni
Indian wicketkeeper M. S. Dhoni appeals for a stumping against Australian batsman Matthew Hayden.


Stumping is the fifth most common form of dismissal after caught, bowled, leg before wicket and run out,[2] though it is seen more commonly in Twenty20 cricket because of its more aggressive batting. It is governed by Law 39 of the Laws of Cricket.[1] It is usually seen with a medium or slow bowler (in particular, a spin bowler), as with fast bowlers a wicket-keeper takes the ball too far back from the wicket to attempt a stumping. It often includes co-operation between a bowler and wicket-keeper: the bowler draws the batsman out of his ground (such as by delivering a ball with a shorter length to make the batsman step forward to hit it on the bounce), and the wicket-keeper catches and breaks the wicket before the batsman realises he has missed the ball and makes his ground, i.e. places the bat or part of his body on the ground back behind the popping crease. If the bails are removed before the wicket-keeper has the ball, the batsman can still be stumped if the wicket-keeper removes one of the stumps from the ground, while holding the ball in his hand. The bowler is credited for the batsman's wicket, and the wicket-keeper is credited for the dismissal. A batsman may be out stumped off a wide delivery but cannot be stumped off a no-ball as bowler is credited for the wicket.


  • The popping crease is defined as the back edge of the crease marking (i.e. the edge closer to the wicket. Therefore, a batsman whose bat or foot is on the crease marking, but does not touch the ground behind the crease marking, can be stumped. This is quite common if the batsman's back foot is raised so that only his toe is on the ground.
  • The wicket must be properly put down in accordance with Law 28 of the Laws of cricket: using either the ball itself or a hand or arm that is in possession of the ball. Note that since the ball itself can legally put down the wicket, a stumping is still valid even if the ball merely rebounds from the 'keeper and breaks the wicket, even though never controlled by him.
  • The wicket-keeper must allow the ball to pass the stumps before taking it, unless it has touched either the batsman or his bat first. If the wicket-keeper fails to do this, the delivery is a "no-ball", and the batsman cannot be stumped (nor run out, unless he attempts to run to the other wicket).


Most international stumpings – career
Format Stumpings Player Matches
Test 38 India MS Dhoni 90
ODI 120 India MS Dhoni 339
T20I 34 India MS Dhoni 98

Last updated: 27 October 2018[3][4][5]


  1. ^ a b "Law 39 (Stumped)". Marylebone Cricket Club. 2013. Retrieved 5 January 2017.
  2. ^ "Analysing Test dismissals across the ages". ESPN Cricinfo. 18 January 2013. Retrieved 5 January 2017.
  3. ^ "Test matches – Wicketkeeping records – Most stumpings in career". Cricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  4. ^ "One Day International matches – Wicketkeeping records – Most stumpings in career". Cricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  5. ^ "Twenty20 International matches – Wicketkeeping records – Most stumpings in career". Cricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
Bail (cricket)

In the sport of cricket, a bail is one of the two smaller sticks placed on top of the three stumps to form a wicket. The bails are used to determine when the wicket is broken, which in turn is one of the critical factors in determining whether a batsman is out bowled, stumped, run out or hit wicket.

The wicket is considered to be broken if one or both of the bails fall from the stumps, or a stump is struck out of the ground, by:

the ball,

the striking batsman's bat, or any part of the striker's body or clothing (even if it falls off), or

a fielder with the hand or arm holding the ball.This means, for example, that if the ball hits the wicket directly from the bowler's delivery, the batsman is only out bowled if a bail falls off, so a ball can actually brush or rest against the stumps without the batsman being dismissed (as long as the bail remains in its groove).

If a bail falls off the stumps for any other reason while the ball is still in play, and a later incident such as a run out attempt requires the wicket to be broken, then the other bail can be removed (if it has not yet fallen off), or a stump can be struck out of the cricket ground or pulled up, as described above.

Each bail is made of a single cylindrically shaped piece of wood which has two smaller cylinders of wood protruding from each end. The large central cylinder is called the barrel and the smaller protrusions are the spigots. The spigots are of unequal length: the longer rests alone on one stump, while the shorter rests on the middle stump together with the short spigot of the other bail.

Special heavy bails made of denser wood (usually lignum vitae) are sometimes used in windy conditions if the normal light bails are likely to be blown off the stumps. The umpires can decide to dispense with the bails completely (for example, where strong gusts of wind would remove even the heavy bails), in which case the umpires will adjudge whether or not the wicket is broken, however, Hawk-Eye graphics, part of the Decision Review System, still assumes the bails are on the stump.

Ben Cox

Oliver Benjamin Cox (born 2 February 1992) is an English cricketer who plays county cricket for Worcestershire as right-handed batsman and wicket-keeper.

Cox has been associated with Worcestershire for some years, having played at Under-13, Under-15 and Under-17 level, although not originally as a wicket-keeper.He captained the Under-17 side against Somerset U-17s in July 2009, scoring exactly 100.Cox was called up to make his first-class debut, aged 17, in Worcestershire's penultimate County Championship match of 2009, against Somerset at Taunton.

he scored 61 in his only innings of a drawn match; keeping wicket, his first first-class dismissal was that of Marcus Trescothick, stumped for 72. He was awarded a four-year contract by Worcestershire later that year.Cox did not establish himself as Worcestershire's first choice wicket-keeper until 2014 when he was 22 years of age. In that season he scored his fist first-class century (against Essex) and was described by former-England wicket-keeper James Foster as " of the best young keepers I have ever seen." In 2018 Vitality Blast Finals day, Cox played a key part in Worcestershire's win. In the Semi-Final, against Lancashire he scored 55* and in the final, against Sussex made 46*, scoring the winning runs. He was made Player of the Match in both games to become to first player to receive two such awards in one day .In December 2018, he signed with Otago cricket team to play in the 2018–19 Super Smash T20 tournament in New Zealand.


Bowled is a method of dismissing a batsman in the sport of cricket. This method of dismissal is covered by Law 32 of the Laws of Cricket.A batter is out bowled if his or her wicket is put down by a ball delivered by the bowler. It is irrelevant whether the ball has touched the bat, glove, or any part of the batsman before going on to put down the wicket, though it may not touch another player or an umpire before doing so. Such rules mean that bowled is the most obvious of dismissals: almost never requiring an appeal to the umpire; a bowled batsman will usually acknowledge the dismissal voluntarily.

If the delivered ball deflects off the bat, and bowls the batter, then the informal term is known as played on, knocked on or dragged on. If the wicket is put down without the batter making any sort of contact with the ball, then it is known as clean bowled with variations being 'bowled through the gate', where the ball travels between the bat and pad, or 'bowled around the legs', where the ball goes behind (to the legside of) the batsman and hits the stumps.

A batter cannot be out bowled from a no-ball, wide or dead ball, though he/she can be stumped if it is a wide.

A batter is out bowled even if he/she could be given out by another method of dismissal instead. For instance, if a batsman edges the ball onto the stumps (such that the bails are removed) and the ball is caught by a fielder, then batter would be given out bowled instead of caught.

Bowled is the second most common method of dismissal after caught. The bowler is credited with the wicket if batter is out bowled.

Dismissal (cricket)

In the sport of cricket, a dismissal occurs when the batsman is out (also known as the fielding side taking a wicket and/or the batting side losing a wicket). At this point, a batsman must discontinue batting and leave the field permanently for the innings. A bowling team dismisses (or bowls out) the entire batting team by dismissing 10 of the 11 players (assuming player(s) from the batting team have not retired hurt or are absent). As the players bat in pairs, when only one person is undismissed, it is not possible for them to bat any longer.


Kumar Shri Indrajitsinhji Madhavsinhji (pronunciation ) (15 June 1937 – 12 March 2011) was an Indian cricketer who played in four Tests from 1964 to 1969 as a wicketkeeper-batsman.

Indrajitsinhji was born in Jamnagar, Gujarat. His grandfather, Mohansinhji, was the brother of Ranjitsinhji and uncle of Duleepsinhji, both of whom also played Test cricket. His cousins included Suryaveer Singh and Hanumant Singh. He was educated at Rajkumar College, Rajkot.

He played first-class cricket from 1954 to 1973, for Delhi and Saurashtra. He was one of the first wicketkeepers to pass 100 dismissals (caught or stumped) in the Ranji Trophy, and set a record by taking 23 dismissals in the competition in one year in the 1960–61 season.

Although an accomplished wicketkeeper in Indian domestic cricket, he was kept out of the India national cricket team by Farokh Engineer and Budhi Kunderan. He played in only four Test matches: the three-match series against Australia in 1964–65, and one Test against New Zealand at Hyderabad in 1969–70 when Engineer was injured.

He died in Mumbai at the age of 73.

It's Not What You Know

It's Not What You Know (sometimes styled as Chris Tarrant's It's Not What You Know) is a game show hosted by Chris Tarrant, which aired on the British digital TV channel Challenge from 28 April to 6 June 2008. The show was unusual as Challenge tends to air repeats of classic game shows that were originally commissioned by other broadcasters, very rarely producing original content.

This game show also claimed to be the first ever show where people could win money by not answering any of the questions on the show correctly.

Percy Sherwell

Percy William Sherwell (17 August 1880 in Isipingo, Natal – 17 April 1948 in Bulawayo, Rhodesia) was a South African cricketer who played in 13 Tests as a wicketkeeper from 1906 to 1911. He captained the side in every one of his 13 Tests. Keeping wicket to the South African leg-spin quartet of Faulkner, Schwarz, Vogler and White, he stumped a higher proportion of his victims than any other wicketkeeper with over 20 dismissals. In his first Test match, he led South Africa to their first victory in Tests when they beat England by one wicket in Johannesburg in January 1906, scoring 22 not out in a match-winning last-wicket partnership of 48 with Dave Nourse. He recorded his only Test century at Lord's in 1907. Sherwell was also an accomplished tennis player, winning the singles title at the South African Championships in 1904 and the doubles title in 1903 and 1904.

He holds the record for playing the most number of test matches for whom he has kept wicket and opened the batting as a captain(did it in 7 test matches)

Runner (cricket)

In cricket, a runner is a team member who runs between the wickets for an injured batsman. This is covered by Law 25 of the Laws of Cricket.When a runner is used, the batsman stands in position and plays shots as normal, but does not attempt to run between the wickets: the runner runs for him/her. The runner occupies the injured batsman's crease when he/she is on strike, but takes up a position away from the pitch at the umpire's discretion, typically on a pitch parallel to that being used for the game.

When the injured batsman moves off strike, he/she then takes up the position near the square leg umpire (not at the bowler's end), and the runner stands next to the bowler's wicket as in the normal course of play.

A runner can only be used if the umpires, together, are satisfied that the batsman has sustained an injury during the match that affects his/her ability to run.

The runner must be a member of the batting side, but not the twelfth man.The runner must also already have batted in the innings, if possible.

The runner must wear all the external protective equipment worn by the batsman and must carry a bat.If either the injured batsman or his/her runner is out of their ground, the batsman is liable to be run out or stumped. The runner is also subject to other laws such as obstructing the field.

In June 2011, the International Cricket Council announced that, from October 1, 2011, runners could no longer be used in international cricket.

Six Degrees of Inner Turbulence (song)

"Six Degrees of Inner Turbulence" is the sixth song and title track on the album of the same name, written and performed by progressive metal/rock band Dream Theater. Though the song is essentially broken up into eight movements on separate tracks, it lasts 42 minutes in full and takes up the entire second CD of the album. The song was conceived when keyboardist Jordan Rudess wrote what would become the "Overture" section, and the band took various melodies and ideas contained within it and expanded them into segments of the complete piece. The song explores the stories of six individuals suffering from various mental illnesses. Particularly represented are bipolar disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, schizophrenia, post-partum depression, autism, and dissociative identity disorder.

The song contains influences of the classical, metal, folk and progressive genres and weaves through many time signatures, including 4/4, 5/4, 6/8, and 7/8. Clocking in at 42 minutes, it is the longest song Dream Theater has recorded; to ease scrolling through the song, Mike Portnoy gave each movement their own track, and split the full song into eight tracks.The song was played in its entirety on Score, with the "Octavarium Orchestra" playing "Overture" and backing for the rest of the piece, except for "The Test That Stumped Them All".

Sportsworld (radio programme)

Sportsworld is the flagship weekend sports program on BBC World Service radio and winner of two Sony Radio Academy Awards.

Sportsworld can be heard on BBC World Service radio, on many of the BBC's FM partner stations who simulcast the program and from August 2010 online.

Sportsworld is produced by BBC Sport for BBC World Service along with Sport Today, Sportshour, World Football and Stumped.

Stan Wootton

Stanley Eli Wootton (28 April 1895 – 20 March 1962) was an Australian rules footballer who played with South Melbourne and Richmond in the Victorian Football League (VFL). He also played a first-class cricket match for Victoria.

Recruited from Leopold, Stan Wootton started his VFL career at South Melbourne in 1915 but did not appear again until 1920 due to war commitments. He spent the 1920 season as a forward and topped South Melbourne's goal-kicking with 28 goals, including a career best haul of five against Melbourne at Lake Oval. In 1923 he crossed to Richmond and played six senior games for the club before retiring.

Wootton's cricket career was brief, but very notable as he scored a century in his only first-class innings, against Tasmania at Hobart. A wicket-keeper, he stumped two Tasmanian batsmen before top scoring with 105 runs. As Victoria successfully chased down Tasmania's 4th innings target with five wickets to spare, Wootton wasn't required to bat again and thus finished his career with an average of 105.A nephew, Richard Wootton, also played for Victoria later in the 1920s.

Stump (cricket)

In cricket, the stumps are the three vertical posts that support the bails and form the wicket. Stumping or being stumped is a method of dismissing a batsman.

The umpire calling stumps means the play is over for the day.

Stump the Schwab

Stump the Schwab is an American game show that aired on ESPN2 and ESPN Classic from July 8, 2004 to September 29, 2006. The show featured three contestants trying to defeat Howie Schwab, ESPN’s first statistician, in a sports trivia contest. Stuart Scott was the show's host. The show also appeared on Canada's The Score Television Network.

Each episode of the show had three rounds, "Leading Off", a second round that featured a different game each time, and "The Schwab Showdown." After each of the first two rounds, the contestant with the lowest score was eliminated.

Stumped (film)

Stumped is a 2003 Bollywood sport/drama film written and directed by Gaurav Pandey and produced by Raveena Tandon. This film is a debut for Raveena as producer. Indian cricketing icon Sachin Tendulkar had a cameo appearance in the film.Despite a notable promotional campaign, the film had little impact after its release.

Stumped (radio programme)

Stumped is a weekly cricket show from the BBC World Service produced in association with the Australian Broadcasting Corporation and All India Radio. Stumped is produced by BBC Sport for the BBC World Service.

The Slackers/Pulley Split

The Slackers/Pulley Split is a split EP by The Slackers, a New York ska band, and Pulley, a punk rock band. It was released in 2004. The Track "Sarah", by The Slackers, is an alternate version to that which appears on their debut album Better Late Than Never.

The Track "I Shall Be Released" is a cover of the Bob Dylan song of the same name. "Stumped" and "Salad Days" are Minor Threat covers. "Good Guys Don't Wear White" is a Standell's cover, which was also covered by Minor Threat. The end of Pulley's version also includes lyrics from the NOFX song "Don't Call Me White".


The wicket-keeper in the sport of cricket is the player on the fielding side who stands behind the wicket or stumps being watchful of the batsman and be ready to take a catch, stump the batsman out and run out a batsman when occasion arises. The wicket-keeper is the only member of the fielding side permitted to wear gloves and external leg guards. The role of the keeper is governed by Law 27 of the Laws of Cricket.

Wide (cricket)

In the sport of cricket, a wide is one of two things:

The event of a ball being delivered by a bowler too wide or (in international cricket) high to be hit by the batsman by means of a normal cricket shot, and ruled so by the umpire.

The run scored by the batting team as a penalty to the bowling team, when this occurs.Wides are covered by Law 22 of the Laws of Cricket.A wide does not count as one of the six balls in an over, nor as a ball faced by the batsman.

When a wide is bowled, one run is added to the runs scored off that ball, and is scored as extras and are added to the team's total, but are not added to a batsman's total.

A batsman cannot, by definition, be out bowled, leg before wicket, caught, or hit the ball twice off a wide, as a ball cannot be ruled as a wide if the ball strikes the batsman's bat or person or hits the wicket. He may however be out hit wicket, obstructing the field, run out, or stumped.

If the wicket-keeper fumbles or misses the ball, the batsmen may attempt additional runs. Any runs scored thus are recorded as wides, not byes, and are added to the bowler's record. If the wicket-keeper misses the ball and it travels all the way to the boundary, the batting team scores five wides, similarly as if the ball had been hit to the boundary for a four off a no-ball. If a wide ball crosses the boundary without touching the ground, only five wides (not seven) are scored - according to Law 19.7, a boundary six can only be scored if the ball has touched the bat. If a ball qualifies as a no-ball as well as a wide, the umpire will call it a no-ball, and all the rules for a no-ball apply.

Wides are considered to be the fault of the bowler, and are recorded as a negative statistic in a bowler's record. However, this has only been the case since the early 1980s - the first Test to record wides (and no-balls) against the bowler's analyses was India vs Pakistan in September 1983.

Wides used to be relatively rare, but regulations have been added in many competitions to enforce a much stricter interpretation in order to deter defensive bowling, and the number of wides has increased sharply. In one-day cricket, most deliveries that pass the batsman on the leg side without hitting the stumps are now called as wides. In the semi-finals and final of the first World Cup in 1975, there were 79 extras, of which 9 were wides (11.4%); in the semi-finals and final of the World Cup in 2011, there were 77 extras, of which 46 were wides (59.7%). In the six Tests of the 1970-71 Ashes series there were 9 wides; in the five Tests of the Ashes series of 2010-11 there were 52 wides.

Wills World Series

The 1994–95 Wills World Series was an One Day International (ODI) cricket tri-series where the India played host to the West Indies and New Zealand. India and the West Indies reached the final at the Eden Gardens where close to 100,000 witnessed India beat the West Indies.India lost only once, controversially to the West Indies in the last group game. Manoj Prabhakar and Nayan Mongia were accused of not making an effort to win the match after stonewalling the run-chase. The Indian authorities suspended Prabhakar and Mongia and the match referee Raman Subba Row docked the team two points for not playing in the spirit of the game. India protested the decision to the ICC, who ruled that the Row had exceeded his authority.Subba Row also suspended the West Indies vice-captain Brian Lara for one game, for arguing with the umpire, who he thought should've consulted the third umpire before giving him out stumped.New Zealand did not win any of their four games, though they were unlucky to see the match washed out after dismissing the West Indies cheaply in the opening game.


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