Stretched Rohini Satellite Series

The Stretched Rohini Satellite Series (SROSS) are a series of satellites developed by the Indian Space Research Organisation as follow ons to the Rohini Satellites[1] for conducting astrophysics, Earth Remote Sensing, and upper atmospheric monitoring experiments as well as for new and novel application-oriented missions.[2] These satellites were the payload of the developmental flights of the Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicle.[1]

Stretched Rohini Satellite Series
Country of originIndia
ApplicationsGamma ray astronomy
Design life2 years
Launch mass106–150 kilograms (234–331 lb)
Power~100 watts
EquipmentGamma-Ray Burst
Retarded Potential Analyser
RegimeLow Earth
Maiden launchSROSS-A
24 March 1987
Last launchSROSS-C2
4 May 1994
Related spacecraft
Derived fromRohini

Satellites in series


The first two satellites in the series did not make it into orbit due to launch vehicle failure. SROSS-A carried two retro-reflectors for laser tracking.[1] SROSS-B carried two instruments; a West German Monocular Electro Optical Stereo Scanner (MEOSS) and ISRO's 20-3000keV Gamma-ray Burst Experiment (GRB).[1]


The third, SROSS 3 (also known as SROSS C), attained a lower-than-planned orbit on 20 May 1992. The GRB monitored celestial gamma ray bursts in the energy range 20–3000 keV. SROSS C and C2 carried a gamma-ray burst (GRB) experiment and a Retarded Potential Analyzer (RPA) experiment. The GRB experiment operated from 25 May 1992 until reentry on 14 July 1992. The instrument consisted of a main and a redundant CsI(Na) scintillator operating in the energy range 20–3000 keV. The crystals were 76 mm (main) and 37 mm (redundant) in diameter. Each had a thickness of 12.5 mm. A 'burst mode' was triggered by the 100–1024 keV count rate exceeding a preset limit during a 256 or 1024 ms time integration. In this mode, 65 s of temporal and 2 s of spectral data prior to the trigger are stored, as well as the subsequent 16 s of spectral data and 204 s of temporal data. The low resolution data consists of two energy channels (20–100 keV and 100–1024 keV) from 65 s before the trigger to 204 s after the trigger in 256 ms integrations. The 20–1024 keV rates are also recorded with a 2 ms resolution for 1 s prior to 1 s after trigger and a 16 ms resolution for 1s prior to 8 s after the trigger. Energy spectra are conducted with a 124 channel PHA. Four pre-trigger spectra and 32 post-trigger spectra are recorded for every burst with a 512 ms integration time.[3] The RPA measured temperature, density and characteristics of electrons in the Earth's ionosphere.[1] The GRB experiment computer system used the RCA CDP1802 microprocessor.[4]


SROSS-C2 was launched on 4 May 1994. The gamma ray burst experiments on board SROSS-C2 are an improved version of the GRB payload flown successfully on the SROSS-C satellite. The improvements include enhancements of the on-board memory and a better measurement of the background spectra after a burst event. These improvements led to the discovery of twelve candidate events detected up to 15 February 1995, out of a total of 993 triggers.[3] The SROSS-C2 spacecraft is one of the satellites included in the Interplanetary Network[5] The SROSS C2 satellite also used an RCA CDP1802 microprocessor for the GRB experiment.[6]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-04-11. Retrieved 2009-07-19. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^
  3. ^ a b
  4. ^ "Cosmic gamma ray bursts - Recent developments and observations from SROSS satellites" (PDF). Current Science Research Journal. 10 Nov 1995.
  5. ^
  6. ^ "Recent gamma-ray burst observations from the SROSS-C2 satellite". The SAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System. 7 Aug 1995.
List of Satish Dhawan Space Centre launches

The following list gives a detailed record of the launches taken place in Satish Dhawan Space Centre. It is the main satellite launch centre for the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). It is located in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh, 80 km (50 mi) north of Chennai. Originally called Sriharikota Range (SHAR), an acronym that ISRO has retained to the present day. The centre was renamed in 2002 after the death of ISRO's former chairman Satish Dhawan.

India Indian space programme
Space observatories
Lunar and
planetary spacecraft
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