Stratiomyomorpha

The brachyceran infraorder Stratiomyomorpha is a small group that consists primarily of the family Stratiomyidae (soldier flies) and two small related families.

The larvae are often saprophages, and many can be found in rotting wood.

Stratiomyomorpha
Stratiomys chamaeleon bl2
Stratiomys chamaeleon
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Diptera
Suborder: Brachycera
Infraorder: Stratiomyomorpha
Families

Pantophthalmidae
Stratiomyidae- Soldier flies
Xylomyidae

Actina

Actina is a genus of flies in the family Stratiomyidae.

Allognosta

Allognosta is a genus of soldier flies in the family Stratiomyidae. There are at least 30 described species in Allognosta.

Anoplodonta

Anoplodonta is a genus of soldier flies in the family Stratiomyidae. There are at least two described species in Anoplodonta.

Arthropeina

Arthropeina is a fly genus in the family Xylomyidae, the "wood soldier flies".

Brachycera

The Brachycera are a suborder of the order Diptera. It is a major suborder consisting of around 120 families. Their most distinguishing characteristic is reduced antenna segmentation. A summary of the main physiological characteristics is:

Antenna size (with eight or fewer flagellomeres) is reduced.

The maxillary palp (an elongated appendage near the mouth) has two segments or fewer.

The back portions of the larval head capsule extend into the prothorax (the anterior part of the thorax, which bears the first pair of legs).

Two distinct parts make up of the larval mandible (lower jaw).

The epandrium and hypandrium of the genitalia are separated in males.

No premandible is present on the lower surface of the labrum (the roof of the mouth).

The configuration of the CuA2 and A1 wing veins is distinct.Brachyceran flies can also be distinguished through behavior. Many of the species are predators or scavengers.

Euryneura

Euryneura is a genus of soldier flies in the family Stratiomyidae. There are at least 8 described species in Euryneura.

Exaireta

Exaireta is a genus of soldier flies in the family Stratiomyidae. There are at least two described species in Exaireta.

Odontomyia

Odontomyia is a genus of soldier flies in the family Stratiomyidae. There are at least 220 described species in Odontomyia.

Pantophthalmidae

Pantophthalmidae (sometimes misspelled as "Panthophthalmidae") is a small family of very large, robust flies, sometimes referred to as timber flies. There are 21 known species in two genera in the family, all of Neotropical distribution. Superficially they resemble horse flies, but are only distantly related; they are most closely related to the soldier flies (Stratiomyidae). The larvae feed by boring into living wood, an unusual habit for Diptera, and can sometimes be pests. The adult stage is brief and does not feed at all, and most active at dusk.

Pantophthalmus

Pantophthalmus is a genus of large, robust flies whose larvae feed in tree roots.

Parastratiosphecomyia

Parastratiosphecomyia is a genus of flies in the soldier fly family (Stratiomyidae).

Solva (fly)

Solva is a fly genus in the family Xylomyidae, the "wood soldier flies".

Stratiomyidae

The soldier flies (Stratiomyidae, sometimes misspelled as Stratiomyiidae, from Greek στρατιώτης - soldier; μυια - fly) are a family of flies (historically placed in the now-obsolete group Orthorrhapha). The family contains over 2,700 species in over 380 extant genera worldwide. Adults are found near larval habitats, which are found in a wide array of locations, mostly in wetlands, damp places in soil, sod, under bark, in animal excrement, and in decaying organic matter. The Stratiomyinae are a different subgroup that tends to have an affinity to aquatic environments.They are diverse in size and shape, though they commonly are partly or wholly metallic green, or somewhat wasplike mimics, marked with black and yellow or green and sometimes metallic. They are often rather inactive flies which typically rest with their wings placed one above the other over the abdomen.

Stratiomyoidea

Stratiomyoidea is a superfamily of flies (order Diptera).

The antennae have a primitive structure. A characteristic morphological characteristic of Pantophthalmidae only is the size of the body: in this family are included, in fact, some species that are among the largest within the Diptera, reaching even 10 cm in wingspan.

The larvae are aquatic or terrestrial habitats and behave in most cases as scavengers at the expense of organic material in decomposition.

Xylomya

Xylomya is a fly genus in the family Xylomyidae, the "wood soldier flies". There are at least 30 described species in Xylomya.

Xylomya pallidifemur

Xylomya pallidifemur is a species of fly in the family Xylomyidae.

Xylomya parens

Xylomya parens is a species of fly in the family Xylomyidae.

Xylomya simillima

Xylomya simillima is a species of fly in the family Xylomyidae.

Xylomyidae

Xylomyidae is a family of flies known commonly as the wood soldier flies. They are xylophagous and are associated with dead or dying wood.

Extant Diptera families

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