Strategic and Defence Studies Centre

The Strategic and Defence Studies Centre (SDSC) is a university-based institute that is situated in the Coral Bell School of Asia Pacific Affairs at the Australian National University.[1] It is Australia's oldest-established centre for the study of strategic, defence and wider security issues and a leading regional think tank on these topics. The Centre was established in 1966 by Professor T.B. Millar, then a senior fellow at the ANU's Department of International Relations, in order to "advance the study of Australian, regional, and global strategic and defence issues".[2] The current head of SDSC is Brendan Taylor. Previous Heads include Emeritus Professor Paul Dibb and Professor Hugh White, who both also served as the Deputy Secretary for Strategy and Intelligence of the Department of Defence.


The key priorities of the SDSC are to contribute to the national public debate on strategic, defence and wider security issues [...], foster regional dialogue and interactions on security questions [...], publish top quality scholarly research [and] deliver high-quality undergraduate and graduate teaching[3]


To do so, the SDSC publishes the peer-reviewed Canberra Papers on Strategy and Defence[4] as well as the SDSC Working Papers.[5] Additionally, it attracts highly regarded speakers (both from academia and the defence community) in its seminar and conference program. It awards high-performing PhD students with the Sir Arthur Tange PhD Scholarships in Strategic & Defence Policy (named in honour of the former Australian Secretary of Defence) and outstanding postgraduate students with the T.B. Millar Scholarship.

The SDSC staff gives frequent lectures and seminars for other departments within the ANU and other universities, as well as to various government departments. The Centre has also assisted Australia's major defence training institution, the Australian Defence College, with the strategic studies sections of its courses. Members of the Centre provide advice and training courses in strategic affairs to the Australian Department of Defence and the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. The SDSC, furthermore, delivers the Graduate Studies in Strategy and Defence Program and is host of the Boeing Library.

The staff of the SDSC has established professional links with other Australian and overseas universities and centres specialising in strategic and security issues as the Centre aims to foster an enhanced pattern of liaison through the exchange of ideas, personal contacts and, where appropriate, joint projects. The scholars at the SDSC do also provide expert commentary on important defence issues to the Australian and overseas media.

Notable faculty

Current staff include thinkers at the forefront of Australia's strategic debate, such as Professor Hugh White, Emeritus Professor Paul Dibb, Professor Joan Beaumont, Admiral Chris Barrie (former Chief of the Defence Force), Dr. Daniel Marston, Dr. Ron Huisken, Dr. Stephen Frueling, Dr. Brendan Taylor, Dr. John Blaxland, Mr. Andrew Carr, Prof. David Horner, Dr. Peter Dean, Mr. Bob Breen, Dr. Garth Pratten, Dr. Ben Schreer, and Dr. Joanne Wallis.[6]

The SDSC is part of the Council for security cooperation in the asia pacific, a nongovernmental process for second track dialogue on security and defence issues in Asia Pacific.

Boeing Library

The Boeing Library is a library based at the Strategic and Defence Studies Centre. The library started in the 1960s and served as a small reading room for the staff of the SDSC, which was then a research centre only. With the assistance of an annual grant by Boeing Australia the library expanded in the late 1980s to include an extensive range of books and journals on defence policy and planning, military studies and regional security issues.

The Boeing Library is important to the academic and research staff at the Centre as well as at the ANU. Its holdings cover the following fields: Australian defence policy and planning, military studies, classical theorists on the causes and conduct of war, the laws of armed conflict, ethics and nuclear issues (like proliferation and arms control). The library keeps important collections on the United Nations and peacekeeping, and the politics, society and foreign and defence policies of the countries in the Asia-Pacific. It continues to subscribe to major strategic and defence journals which are not part of the main University library collection.

So far, the Boeing Library is not a borrowing library, but is open to the public for 'in-house' use during weekdays.


  1. ^ About the Coral Bell School
  2. ^ Desmond Ball. 2006. 'Robert O'Neill: A strategic career', Australian Journal of International Affairs. 60(1):7
  3. ^ Strategic and Defence Studies Centre – RSPAS, ANU – Asia Pacific Research
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^

About the Coral Bell School

About the Strategic and Defence Studies Centre

SDSC Centre of Gravity

SDSC Canberra Papers of Strategy & Defence

SDSC Academics

External links

All India Radio Monitoring Service

All India Radio Monitoring Service (AIRMS) is the central monitoring service that monitors broadcasts in India as well as from all foreign broadcasts of interest to India. AIRMS is located in Simla. It works in liaison with RAW and Military intelligence.

Australia in the Korean War 1950–53

Australia in the Korean War 1950–53 is the official history of Australia's involvement in the Korean War. The series consists of two volumes covering Australia's strategy and diplomacy in the war and the Australian military's combat operations respectively. Both volumes were written by Robert O'Neill, and they were published in 1981 and 1985.

Australia–Taiwan relations

Relations between the Commonwealth of Australia and the Republic of China (Taiwan) date back to 1909 when the latter was ruled by the Qing dynasty. Since 1972, the political status and legal status of Taiwan have been contentious issues.

Australia's current position towards Taiwan is largely based on the Joint Communiqué with the People's Republic of China signed by the Whitlam Labor government in 1972 on the outcome of UN Resolution 2758 as international situation turned against ROC, even though Australia voted supporting Republic of China's seat in the UN instead of Communist China. Under this agreement, the Australian government diplomatically recognises the People’s Republic of China (PRC) as the ‘sole legitimate government of China.’ Currently, only 18 UN member states and the Holy See officially recognise Taiwan. The Joint Communiqué establishes ‘(diplomatic) guidelines for official Australian contact with Taiwan,’ explicitly stating that Australia ‘does not (diplomatically) consider Taiwan (the unofficial name of ROC) to have the status of national government.’ Despite the Australian government not having an official diplomatic relationship with Taiwan, an official Bilateral Economic Consultation is held annually by high-ranking Ministry of Economy officials of both sides and there is a substantial unofficial relationship has developed through cultural and trade links, however, other than conventional industry, Australian firms rely on a mature international financial market to capitalise from the strong scientific/growing technical research due to high tax rate in Australia, and Taiwan does not have this attribute , but Taiwan's highly Americanized specialist workforce may assist Australia's firms to internationalise the vision, especially with the competency on analytical research. Therefore, it is likely Taiwan may benefit from the relations with Australia on University spin-off rather than research spin-off. On international trade, Australia and Taiwan are complementary.

Daniel Marston (historian)

Daniel Marston is a professor in Military Studies in the Strategic and Defence Studies Centre at the Australian National University and Principal of the Military and Defense Studies Program at the Australian Command and Staff College.

Daniel Marston was born and raised in Boston, Massachusetts.

He completed his doctorate in the history of war at Balliol College, Oxford University, under the supervision of Professor Robert O’Neil. He previously held the Ike Skelton Distinguished Chair of the Art of War at the US Army Command and General Staff College. He has been a Visiting Fellow, on multiple occasions, with the Leverhulme Changing Character of War Program at the University of Oxford. He was previously a Senior Lecturer in War Studies at the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst. He has been working with the USA, USMC, and British Army in Iraq and Afghanistan since 2006. His research focuses on the topic of how armies learn and reform.Marston's first book Phoenix from the Ashes, an in-depth assessment of how the British/Indian Army turned defeat into victory in the Burma campaign of the Second World War, won the Field Marshal Templer Medal Book Prize in 2003.

David Horner

David Murray Horner, (born 12 March 1948) is an Australian military historian and academic.

Derek Quigley

Derek Francis Quigley (born 31 January 1932) is a former New Zealand politician. He was a prominent member of the National Party during the late 1970s and early 1980s, and was known for his support of free market economics and trade liberalisation. Quigley left the National Party after clashing with its leadership, and later co-founded the ACT party.

Foreign support in the Bosnian War

Foreign support in the Bosnian War included the funding, training or military support by foreign states and organizations outside Yugoslavia to any of the belligerents in the Bosnian War (1992–95).

G. A. St Poole

Commander G A St Poole was the Commander of the Sea Wing of the Abu Dhabi Defence Force in 1974, and continued until at least 1979. He was at some point an officer in the British Royal Navy, as the officers of the time were recruited from the Royal Navy or seconded from the Pakistani Navy.

Garth Pratten

Garth Pratten (1973) is an Australian historian in the Strategic and Defence Studies Centre at the Australian National University.Garth Pratten has worked for the Australian Army's Training Command, as an historian at the Australian War Memorial, and taught at Deakin University, in the War Studies Department at the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst and at the Australian National University. In 2010, Pratten deployed to Afghanistan as part of the team compiling the war diary for ISAF's Regional Command South while working for the British Ministry of Defence. Pratten undertook field work in France, Belgium, Libya, Malaya, Singapore, Turkey and Cyprus.

Hugh White (strategist)

Hugh White (born 1953) is a Professor of Strategic Studies at the Strategic and Defence Studies Centre of the Australian National University in Canberra, Australia, long time defence and intelligence analyst, and author who has published works on military strategy and international relations. He was Deputy Secretary for Strategy and Intelligence in the Australian Department of Defence from 1995 until 2000 and was the inaugural Director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute (ASPI). His 2019 book How to Defend Australia attracted national attention after raising the proposition of re-examining the proposition of an independently nuclear-armed Australia.

James Goldrick

Rear Admiral James Vincent Purcell Goldrick, (born 1958) is a naval historian, analyst of contemporary naval and maritime affairs, and a retired senior officer of the Royal Australian Navy. He currently holds the position of fellow at the Sea Power Centre – Australia. He is also an adjunct professor in the School of Humanities and Social Sciences in the University of New South Wales at the Australian Defence Force Academy and a member of the Naval Studies Group at the Australian Centre for the Study of Armed Conflict and Society, an adjunct professor in the Strategic and Defence Studies Centre of the Australian National University and a professorial fellow of the Australian National Centre for Ocean Resources and Security at the University of Wollongong. He was a visiting fellow at All Souls College, University of Oxford in the first half of 2015 and a non-resident Fellow of the Lowy Institute from 2013 to 2018.

Joan Beaumont

Joan Errington Beaumont (born 25 October 1948) is an Australian historian and academic, who specialises in foreign policy and the Australian experience of war. She is professor emerita in the Strategic and Defence Studies Centre at the Australian National University.

John Blaxland (historian)

John Charles Blaxland (born 1963) is an Australian historian, academic, and former Australian Army officer. He is a Professor in Intelligence Studies and International Security at the Strategic and Defence Studies Centre at the Australian National University.

Blaxland holds a Bachelor of Arts from the University of New South Wales, a Master of Arts in History from the Australian National University, and a Doctor of Philosophy in War Studies from the Royal Military College of Canada. Blaxland also studied at the Royal Thai Army Command and Staff College in 1997. He is a former Director of Joint Intelligence Operations (J2), at Headquarters Joint Operations Command.Blaxland proposed a new flag design for Australia in 2013.Blaxland's research interests include Australian military history and strategy, public policy, security, defence, international relations, South East Asia (Thailand, Myanmar/Burma, East Timor), North America (Canada), the Australian Flag, and military operations in Afghanistan and Iraq.

Media of Malaysia

The media of Malaysia includes television, radio, newspapers, and web-based media such as bloggers. Many media outlets are either owned directly by the government of Malaysia (e.g. Bernama) or owned by component parties of the Barisan Nasional coalition which formed the government until May 2018 (e.g. the Media Prima group, which is owned by the United Malays National Organisation). Opposition parties PAS and PKR, now the main parties of the ruling "Pakatan Harapan" coalition, publish their own newspapers, Harakah and Suara Keadilan, respectively, which are openly sold alongside regular publications.

Since conventional media is so tightly controlled by the government, Malaysia has a lively alternative media scene, characterised by such news portals as Malaysiakini and The Malaysian Insider which take advantage of the government's pledge not to censor the Internet despite its stranglehold on most mass media outlets.

Paul Dibb

Paul Dibb AM (born 3 October 1939) is an English-born Australian strategist, academic and former defence intelligence official. He is currently emeritus professor of strategic studies at the Strategic and Defence Studies Centre which is part of the Australian National University.He was the head of the National Assessments Staff (the predecessor to the Office of National Assessments) from 1974 to 1978, the director of the Joint Intelligence Organisation (the predecessor to the Defence Intelligence Organisation) from 1986 to 1988, and the head of the Defence Strategy and Intelligence Group with the rank of Deputy Secretary in the Department of Defence from 1988 to 1991. Dibb is also known for his contribution to Australian defence strategy through writing the 1986 Review of Australia’s defence capabilities, known as the Dibb Report, and being the primary author of the 1987 Defence White Paper. From 1965 to 1984, Dibb worked for the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation, tasked with gaining intelligence and recruiting KGB and GRU agents in Canberra.

Robert J. O'Neill

Robert John O'Neill, (born 5 November 1936) is an Australian historian and academic. He is chair of the International Academic Advisory Committee at the United States Studies Centre at the University of Sydney, was director of the International Institute for Strategic Studies, based in London, from 1982 to 1987, and Chichele Professor of the History of War at the University of Oxford from 1987 to 2000.

Ross Babbage

Ross Babbage (born 1949) is the Chief Executive Officer of Strategic Forum Pty Ltd and a Non-Resident Senior Fellow of the Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments (CSBA) in Washington DC. Dr Babbage is also Managing Director of Strategy International, a national security consulting and educational services company.

Dr Babbage formerly held the position as Head of Strategic Analysis in the Office of National Assessments and Assistant Secretary for ANZUS and then Force Development in the Department of Defence. He has also been an advisor to various government ministers and departmentsBabbage was educated at Barker College in Sydney. He subsequently completed bachelor's and master's degrees in economics from the University of Sydney and a PhD in International Relations from the Australian National University.

In 2003 to 2004 he served as Head of the Strategic and Defence Studies Centre at the Australian National University.He has addressed Australia's future defence needs in a range of reports and papers and in February 2011 his study of Australia's defence needs in the future Australia's Strategic Edge in 2030 was released.


SDSC may refer to:

San Diego Supercomputer Center

Satish Dhawan Space Centre

Strategic and Defence Studies Centre

Secure Digital Standard Capacity card

São Carlos Airport (ICAO-Code)

Thomas Millar

Thomas Bruce "T.B." Millar AO (18 October 1925 – 5 June 1994) was an Australian historian, political scientist and a major figure in the development of strategic studies in Australia.

Millar was born in Kalamunda, Western Australia. He was educated at Guildford Grammar School in Perth and the Universities of Western Australia, Melbourne and London. He was a graduate of the Royal Military College, Duntroon, and served in the Australian Army in 1943–1950.

After several years as a schoolteacher, he joined the staff of the Department of International Relations at the Australian National University in 1962. He was a professorial fellow in the department from 1968 onwards and head of the Strategic and Defence Studies Centre (SDSC) in 1966–1971 and 1982–1984. He was director of the Australian Institute of International Affairs, 1969-1976. In 1985 Millar was seconded to London University as professor of Australian studies and the foundation head of the Australian Studies Centre (then part of the Institute of Commonwealth Studies; now the Menzies Centre for Australian Studies at King's College London). Following his retirement in 1990, he remained in London until his death and held part-time positions at the London School of Economics and King's College London.

Millar was made a fellow of the Academy of the Social Sciences in Australia in 1982 and an Officer of the Order of Australia in 1983. He married Ann Drake-Brockman in 1951 and they had two daughters and one son. The marriage was dissolved in 1986. He remarried in 1990. A Christian Scientist and both a proud Australian and Western Australian, he would also proudly remind people of his Scottish ancestry - as evidenced by the spelling of his surname with the Scottish `ar' ending.

Millar was a prolific writer on international relations and defence and strategic studies. In honour of his work in this field, the Graduate Studies in Strategy and Defence program (based in the SDSC) offers up to three T.B. Millar Scholarships each year to outstanding students.


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