Strängnäs

Strängnäs is a locality and the seat of Strängnäs Municipality, Södermanland County, Sweden with 12,856 inhabitants in 2010.[1] It is located by Lake Mälaren and is the episcopal see of the Diocese of Strängnäs, one of the thirteen dioceses of the Church of Sweden. Prominently located on a hilltop, Strängnäs Cathedral, built between 1291 and 1340, is an important landmark.

Strängnäs
Seen from the south
Seen from the south
Strängnäs is located in Södermanland
Strängnäs
Strängnäs
Strängnäs is located in Sweden
Strängnäs
Strängnäs
Coordinates: 59°22′N 17°02′E / 59.367°N 17.033°ECoordinates: 59°22′N 17°02′E / 59.367°N 17.033°E
CountrySweden
ProvinceSödermanland
CountySödermanland County
MunicipalitySträngnäs Municipality
Area
 • Total6.53 km2 (2.52 sq mi)
Population
(31 December 2010)[1]
 • Total12,856
 • Density1,968/km2 (5,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)

Etymology

The city's name is first encountered in 1120, in reference to the Diocese. The name Strängnäs is derived from the fact that the city is located near a strait and on several hills, especially on two major ones, the "Mill Hill" and the "Cathedral Hill". In Old Norse strengr indicates a "narrow channel of water" and nes refers to an "isthmus", "narrow peninsula", or " headland", a very common toponymic in Scandinavia.

History

A monastery was established around 1250, and the cathedral inaugurated in 1291, with the town subsequently evolving around these two institutions.

The oldest known city charter was granted in 1336 by King Magnus Eriksson. Strängnäs became a city of importance in the Södermanland province, as the location of the governing thing and also of an annual market. King Gustav Vasa was elected king in Strängnäs in 1523, and delivered his first speech from a position adjacent to the cathedral.[2]

In the 15th and 16th centuries Strängnäs had an important place in the history of Sweden, particularly through the Reformation era. Strängnäs was the native city of prominent reformer Laurentius Andreae and the home city of both Andreae and Olaus Petri.

It became a regional centre of education and scholarship, and in 1626 the Thomas Gymnasium was established by King Gustavus Adolphus, and is today Sweden's second oldest operating gymnasium.

The urban and economic development of Strängnäs seems to have slowed after the Reformation, only flourishing temporarily with the arrival of energetic bishops. The city was slow to engage with the 19th century industrial development and investment found in other areas. A significant fire in 1871 led to large-scale reconstruction of the city, from which time its current appearance stems.

Suecia 2-004 ; Strängnäs
Strängnäs circa 1700, in Suecia antiqua et hodierna.

Contemporary life

Many of the inhabitants of Strängnäs commute to Stockholm, Södertälje and Eskilstuna. European route E20 passes the city, and there is a mainline railway station operated by the Swedish national railway company, with direct services to and from the capital Stockholm.

Tourism is a significant element of the city's economy, with the brick gothic cathedral (with celebrated statues, artworks, and historical archives)[3] attracting many visitors, as well as the attraction of natural features, particularly the lake.

Extreme metal band Merciless was formed in Strängnäs.

Gallery

Strängnäs Windmill

Harbour and old windmill

Houses in Strängnäs

Houses in Strängnäs

Väderkvarn, Strängnäs

Old mill in Strängnäs

Strängnäs Dom vy26

The Cathedral of Strängnäs

Twin cities and towns

References

  1. ^ a b c "Tätorternas landareal, folkmängd och invånare per km2 2005 och 2010" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. 14 December 2011. Archived from the original on 10 January 2012. Retrieved 10 January 2012.
  2. ^ See detailed entry under "Strängnäs Cathedral" on the Strängnäs tourism website.
  3. ^ Regional tourism website.

External links

1991 Swedish municipal elections

Municipal elections were held across Sweden on 15 September 1991. On the same day, elections were also held to the parliament and county councils.

Dennis Edlund

Dennis Edlund (born 24 September 1965) is a Swedish professional golfer.

Edlund was born in Strängnäs and turned professional in 1988. He played on the European Tour and its official development tour, the Challenge Tour, between 1990 and 2003. He won five times on the Challenge Tour, including twice in 1996, when he won the English Challenge Tour Championship and Rolex Trophy Pro-Am on his way to second place on the tour's end of season rankings. His best finishes on the European Tour were as runner-up at both the 1997 Alamo English Open and the 1998 Standard Life Loch Lomond.

Diocese of Strängnäs

The Diocese of Strängnäs (Swedish: Strängnäs stift) is a part of the Lutheran Church of Sweden and has its seat in Strängnäs Cathedral in Strängnäs, south of Lake Mälaren. The diocese is made up of the two provinces Närke and Södermanland (except for eastern Södermanland, which belongs to Stockholm County and the Diocese of Stockholm).

The diocese was first a Latin Catholic suffragan of the then Danish Diocese of Lund, which in 1104 was elevated to an archdiocese and became the Metropolitan see of all of Scandinavia. From 1164 on Strängnäs was suffragan to the Swedish archbishop of Uppsala. It was established during the 12th century by the English missionary Saint Eskil.

Gustaf Aulén

Gustaf Emanuel Hildebrand Aulén (15 May 1879 – 16 December 1977) was the Bishop of Strängnäs in the Church of Sweden, a Lutheran theologian, and the author of Christus Victor, a work which still exerts considerable influence on contemporary theological thinking on the atonement.

Henric Benzelius

Henrik Benzelius (August 7, 1689 in Strängnäs – May 20, 1758) was Bishop of Lund from 1744 to 1747, and Archbishop of Uppsala in the Church of Sweden from 1747 to his death. Benzelius was one of the people sent by Charles XII of Sweden to the Middle East, travelling to Egypt and Syria. After returning for a time he took up a post in Lund University.

He was elected a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in 1746.

He was also a manuscript collector.

IK Viljan

IK Viljan is a sports club in Strängnäs, Sweden, established in 1914. The club runs soccer, earlier even bandy. The men's bandy team played in the Swedish top division in 1942. and 1943.The men's soccer team has played in the Swedish third division.

Laurentius Andreae

Laurentius Andreae (c. 1470 – 14 April 1552) was a Swedish Lutheran clergyman and scholar who is acknowledged as one of his country's preeminent intellectual figures during the first half of the 16th century. In his time he was most renowned as one of the main proponents of the Swedish reformation of 1523-31.

Laurentius Andreae (in Swedish Lars Andersson, in English Lawrence Anderson) was born in the Swedish town of Strängnäs. As was the case with many 15th century personalities, the date of his birth remained unrecorded, although the year is generally assumed to have been in the early 1470s.

During his youth he was a priest, and had travelled to Rome as well as conducted studies abroad. In 1509, when he was in his mid- to late thirties, he received an appointment as deacon of his hometown of Strängnäs. In the intervening years he met Olaus Petri, converted to Lutheranism and by the 1520s was promoted to archdeacon of Uppsala.

Along with Olaus Petri and his brother Laurentius, Andreae completed the full translation of the Bible into Swedish, known as the "Gustav Vasa Bible" of 1541. He served as chancellor for King Gustav I Vasa and cherished by Laurentius Petri, the Archbishop, because they shared a strong Lutheran faith. In 1527, at the Diet of Västerås, he declared the King to be the head of the Church of Sweden.

In 1540, he and Olaus Petri were sentenced to death. Historians differ in regard to the nature of the alleged transgressions, and whether the sentences were justified. All agree, however, that the verdicts were highly influenced by the King's personal opinions and disagreement with the men. After much pleading, the sentences were reduced to severe fines and both men were released.

Laurentius Andreae died in Strängnäs at the approximate age of 80.

Laurentius Paulinus Gothus

Laurentius Paulinus Gothus (November 10, 1565 – November 29, 1646) was a Swedish theologian, astronomer and Archbishop of Uppsala (1637–1645).

List of bishops of Strängnäs

This is a list of the bishops of Strängnäs, part of the Church of Sweden that has its seat in Strängnäs Cathedral in Strängnäs, south of Lake Mälaren, Sweden).

Mariefred

Mariefred is a locality situated in Strängnäs Municipality, Södermanland County, Sweden with 3,726 inhabitants in 2010.The name is derived from that of the former Carthusian monastery here, Mariefred Charterhouse, and means "Peace of Mary" (the former name was Gripsholm). It lies roughly 50 kilometres west of Stockholm.

Mariefred, despite its small population, is for historical reasons often still referred to as a city. Statistics Sweden, however, only counts localities with more than 10,000 inhabitants as cities.

The Royal Gripsholm Castle is located in the town.

The old barn of Gripsholm Castle was a centre for fine arts printmaking, Grafikens Hus ("House of Graphics").

The East Södermanland Railway has a railway museum here with one of the finest collections of 600 mm narrow-gauge passenger railcars anywhere.

Kurt Tucholsky is buried in the town cemetery.

Marielund, Strängnäs

Marielund is a locality situated in Strängnäs Municipality, Södermanland County, Sweden with 416 inhabitants in 2010.

Petrus Kenicius

Petrus Kenicius (1555 – 3 February 1636) was Archbishop of Uppsala in the Church of Sweden from 1609 to his death.

He got his education from the Universities of Wittenberg and Rostock.

In 1589 he was put in prison by King John III of Sweden, together with, among others, Nicolaus Olai Bothniensis who would become archbishop in 1599-1600. The reason were disagreements with the King's non-Lutheran liturgy.

After being released, he was at the Uppsala Synod in 1593 as one of the twelve assessors. And in 1595 he was ordained Bishop of Skara.

He was considered a fine and hardworking person who dedicated much time and care to the University in Uppsala and the Church. In his old age, he was weakened by age and sickness and the archdiocese was said to have been neglected.

SS Storskär

Storskär is a steamship that was built in 1908 in Gothenburg. She was originally named Strängnäs Express and traded between Stockholm and Strängnäs on Lake Malaren. She was transferred to service on the Stockholm archipelago in 1939, and given her current name in the following year. Storskär has operated for Waxholmsbolaget and her predecessors since 1939, and is today one of that company's classic fleet, alongside Norrskär and Västan. She is a listed historical ship of Sweden.

Saint Eskil

Saint Eskil (11th century) was an Anglo-Saxon monk particularly venerated during the end of the 11th century in the Province of Södermanland, Sweden. He was the founder of the first Diocese of the lands surrounding Lake Mälaren, today the Diocese of Strängnäs. He is the patron saint of Södermanland and the Diocese of Strängnäs.

Saint Eskil was sent as a Missionary Bishop to the Lake Mälaren landscapes by Saint Sigfrid of Växjö along with Saint Botvid and Saint David. Botvid lies buried in Botkyrka, today a suburb of Stockholm in the east of Södermanland. All three saints are known to have perished trying to Christianize the people living around Lake Mälaren and both Eskil and Botvid have been made patron saints of Södermanland County. David has been made patron saint of Västerås and the province of Västmanland. They all are sources of several medieval legends.

Saint Eskil made the village of Tuna (present day Eskilstuna) his missionary diocese and later, around 1080, he made a 30 kilometre journey east of Tuna to Strängnäs, an Old Norse holy place. Saint Eskil was stoned to death, according to tradition, because he disrupted a holy ritual. Saint Eskil's followers decided to take his corpse back to Tuna. The local tradition says that during that journey, his body was placed on the ground and that a miraculous spring gushed from that spot, and started to flow out of the mountain side just outside Strängnäs. The spring is known as the Spring of Saint Eskil.

Saint Eskil was buried in his monastery in Tuna. Strängnäs was later converted into Christianity and the diocese that Eskil had created in Tuna was moved or re-created in Strängnäs.

Strängnäs Cathedral

Strängnäs Cathedral (Swedish: Strängnäs domkyrka) is a Lutheran cathedral church in Strängnäs, Sweden, since the Protestant Reformation the seat of the Church of Sweden Diocese of Strängnäs.

Strängnäs Municipality

Strängnäs Municipality (Strängnäs kommun) is a municipality in Södermanland County in eastern Sweden, located by Lake Mälaren. Its seat is located in the city of Strängnäs.

The present municipality was created in 1971, when the City of Strängnäs was amalgamated with the City of Mariefred and a number of rural municipalities. Originally there were 15 local government entities in the area.

Södermanland

Södermanland, sometimes referred to under its Latin form Sudermannia or Sudermania, is a historical province or landskap on the south eastern coast of Sweden. It borders Östergötland, Närke, Västmanland and Uppland. It is also bounded by lake Mälaren and the Baltic Sea.

In Swedish, the province name is frequently shortened to Sörmland.

Södermanland means "Southern man land". It was used as a directional reference to lake Mälaren, compared to Uppland (north) and Västmanland (west). Prince Alexander of Sweden is Duke of Södermanland.

Ulf Weinstock

Ulf Weinstock (born August 10, 1952 in Strängnäs, Sweden) is an ice hockey player who played for the Swedish national team. He won a bronze medal at the 1980 Winter Olympics. He played for Leksands from 1970 until 1984 and for Stjernen in Norway from 1984 to 1987.

Åker/Strängnäs HC

Åker/Strängnäs HC is a Swedish ice hockey club located in Strängnäs. The club will play the 2014–15 season in group East of Hockeyettan, the third tier of Swedish ice hockey. The club plays its home games in Åkers Ishall, which has a capacity of 1500 spectators. The club was founded in 2012 as a merger of Åkers IF's ice hockey section and Strängnäs HC.

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