Stonewall, Oklahoma

Stonewall is a town in Pontotoc County, Oklahoma, United States. Named for Confederate General Stonewall Jackson, the settlement's post office was established in December, 1874.[3]

Stonewall, Oklahoma
Location of Stonewall, Oklahoma
Location of Stonewall, Oklahoma
Coordinates: 34°39′4″N 96°31′36″W / 34.65111°N 96.52667°WCoordinates: 34°39′4″N 96°31′36″W / 34.65111°N 96.52667°W
CountryUnited States
StateOklahoma
CountyPontotoc
Area
 • Total0.3 sq mi (0.8 km2)
 • Land0.3 sq mi (0.8 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation
702 ft (214 m)
Population
 (2000)
 • Total465
 • Density1,435.7/sq mi (554.3/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
74871
Area code(s)580
FIPS code40-70500[1]
GNIS feature ID1098561[2]

History

Before Stonewall was a town, it was primarily the Chickasaw tribes land.[4] Robert L. Cochran was a Georgia man who settled Stonewall first by opening up a trading post on the original site of Stonewall. The site was declared Pontotoc, which would become the county name in the present. Along with the settling of Cochran's store a post office opened there in 1858.[4] The settlement was then named Stonewall in honor of confederate war general Stonewall Jackson.[4] By the late 1800s, Stonewall had increased in population and had multiple businesses open such as a cotton gin, good stores, a hotel, and stagecoach station.[4]

In the early 1900s Stonewall was on the rise with the expansion of the railroad from Oklahoma City that passed through Ada.[4] A debate was in place about whether they wanted to move the town closer to the railroad, but many didn't want to leave due to Stonewall being a "historically significant as the seat of Pontotoc County in the Chickasaw Nation, Indian Territory".[4] Eventually some moved and the original site would be renamed to Frisco. The new Stonewall site was now official and with the recent move of businesses and post office, the population was thriving.[4]

In 1930, Stonewall was unaffected by the Great Depression due to oil booms within the town.[4] However, with the oil boom brought environmental destruction. The local creek was flooded with waste and polluted, causing locals to take action by digging wells.[4] In 1932 Charles "Pretty Boy" Floyd and his accomplice George Birdwell robbed the Stonewall Bank. They escaped with $600 and had assaulted two bank officers.[5] While on the run Floyd and Birdwell kidnapped a man on a motorcycle as they fled away from the town.[5]

Today Stonewall is a smaller town after the reroute of Highway 3 away from the town, causing business to slow down and steady. There are a few businesses within in the town; however, many people are employed in Ada.[4]

Geography

Stonewall is located at 34°39′4″N 96°31′36″W / 34.65111°N 96.52667°W (34.651099, -96.526655).[6] According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2), all of it land.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910494
192062225.9%
1930478−23.2%
194076159.2%
1950634−16.7%
1960584−7.9%
197065311.8%
19806722.9%
1990519−22.8%
2000465−10.4%
20104701.1%
Est. 2015474[7]0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]

As of the census of 2010, there were 470 people, 186 households, and 106 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,435.7 people per square mile (561.1/km²). There were 238 housing units at an average density of 734.8 per square mile (287.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 70.6% White, 2.6% African American, 14.7% Native American, 0.2% from other races, and 11.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3% of the population.

Of the 195 households, 19.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.8% were married couples living together, 16.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43% were non-families. 37.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 33.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 3.06.[9]

In the town, the population was spread out with 26.5% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 20.5% from 25 to 44, 25.9% from 45 to 64, and 20.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.6 males.[9]

The median income for a household in the town was $19,135, and the median income for a family was $22,813. Males had a median income of $20,500 compared to $14,792 for females. The per capita income for the town was $9,741. About 23.5% of families and 25.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.8% of those under age 18 and 29.3% of those age 65 or over.

High School Baseball

Stonewall High School Longhorn athletics has two High School Boys Baseball State Championships. One in the Spring of 1979 and the second in the Fall of 2000.

References

  1. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "Stonewall". Oklahoma Historical Society.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Stonewall". Oklahoma Historical Society.
  5. ^ a b "Stonewall bank robbed by Pretty Boy Floyd and George Birdwell". Newspapers.com. Retrieved 2019-04-04.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Archived from the original on July 14, 2016. Retrieved July 2, 2016.
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  9. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.

External links

George Birdwell

George William Birdwell (February 19, 1894 - November 23, 1932) was an American bank robber and Depression-era outlaw. He was one of Pretty Boy Floyd's closest known associates and also teamed with a number of fellow Oklahoma-based bandits, most notably, William "Billy the Killer" Miller and Aussie Elliott.

List of Professional Rodeo Cowboys Association Champions

List of Professional Rodeo Cowboys Association Champions are champions and awards in the professional sport of rodeo. The Professional Rodeo Cowboys Association (PRCA) is the oldest and largest professional rodeo organization in the United States that sanctions men's events. The PRCA is based in Colorado Springs, Colorado. This article lists all of the major champions from each of the events held yearly at the National Finals Rodeo (NFR) and the National Finals Steer Roping (NFSR). Barrel racing finals also take place at the NFR but are sanctioned by the Women's Professional Rodeo Association (WPRA). It also lists the All-Around Cowboy Champion, awarded to the competitor who wins the most prize money in a year competing in at least two events. The bucking livestock from the three roughstock events are also awarded championships titled stock of the year. Also listed are the winners of various awards given during the NFR, such as the timed-event awards for AQHA/PRCA Horse of the Year and the Top NFR Bucking Stock. The PRCA also runs the ProRodeo Hall of Fame which inducts new members annually.

The world championships awarded by this organization are the highest rodeo honors given in the rodeo profession. The PRCA also inducts people and livestock into a Hall of Fame.

Oklahoma Office of the Chief Medical Examiner

The Office of the Chief Medical Examiner (OCME) is the agency of the government of Oklahoma (USA) responsible for investigating sudden, unexpected, violent or suspicious deaths. In this capacity, OCME provides support services to State law enforcement agencies, prosecutors, and public health officials.

Stonewall

Stonewall or Stone wall may refer to:

Stone wall, a kind of masonry construction

Stonewalling, engaging in uncooperative or delaying tactics

Stonewall riots, a 1969 turning point for the modern gay rights movement

TDS Telecom

TDS Telecom is an American telecommunications company with headquarters in Madison, Wisconsin. It is a wholly owned subsidiary of Telephone and Data Systems Inc, and is the seventh-largest local exchange carrier in the U.S. TDS Telecom offers telephone, broadband Internet and television services to customers in more than a hundred rural and suburban communities, though it also serves some urban metropolitan communities. It also sells businesses communications services including VoIP (managed IP hosted) phone service, dedicated broadband Internet and hosted-managed services. With headquarters in Madison, TDS Telecom operates OneNeck IT Solutions, TDS Baja Broadband LLC, and BendBroadband. Combined, the company employs nearly 3,300 people.As of January 1, 2019, the contract between TDS and Nexstar Media, which allows for TDS to rebroadcast television networks that are owned by Nexstar, expired, and as of January 17, 2019, no new contract has been signed. TDS president Jim Butman has explained to affected viewers- over 50,000 of them in more than five US states- that the impasse is being caused by unreasonable demands from Nexstar, including new rates that are more than double what TDS was previously paying. As long as this impasse remains unresolved, TDS customers are unable to view programming from the affected networks, including major networks ABC and CW.

Municipalities and communities of Pontotoc County, Oklahoma, United States
City
Towns
CDP
Other unincorporated
communities
Footnotes

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