Stockholm Municipality

Stockholm Municipality or the City of Stockholm (Swedish: Stockholms kommun or Stockholms stad) is a municipality in Stockholm County in east central Sweden. It has the largest population of the 290 municipalities of the country, but one of the smallest areas, making it the most densely populated. It is also the most populous municipality in the Nordic countries.

Although legally a municipality with the official proper name Stockholms kommun, the municipal assembly (kommunfullmäktige) has decided to use the name Stockholms stad (City of Stockholm in English) whenever possible. This is purely nominal and has no effect on the legal status of the municipality.

Stockholm Municipality
Stockholms kommun
Municipality
Coat of arms of Stockholm Municipality

Coat of arms
Stockholm Municipality in Stockholm County
Country Sweden
County Stockholm County
Seat Stockholm
Government
 • Mayor Karin Wanngård (Social democrats)
Area[1]
 • Total 214.63 km2 (82.87 sq mi)
 • Land 187.17 km2 (72.27 sq mi)
 • Water 27.46 km2 (10.60 sq mi)
  Area as of 1 January 2014.
Population (31 December 2017)[2]
 • Total 949,761
 • Density 4,400/km2 (11,000/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 code SE
Province Uppland and Södermanland
Municipal code 0180
Website www.stockholm.se

Geography

Geographically, Stockholm Municipality comprises the central part of the capital (Innerstaden or Stockholm City Centre) as well as the southern and western suburban parts (Söderort or South Stockholm and Västerort or West Stockholm respectively). Of the municipal population, all but 200 people are considered living in the Stockholm urban area, a tätort further extending into ten other municipalities.

History

When the first local government acts came into force in Sweden in 1863, Stockholm was one of the then 89 cities of Sweden. A first City Council was elected. The area roughly corresponded with today's Innerstaden. Large areas were annexed in 1913, 1916 and 1949. The city was outside Stockholm County until 1968, having its own governor. The local government reform of 1971 made Stockholm a unitary municipality like all others in the country.

Politics

National

These are the election results from the 1973 onwards in Stockholm Municipality. The municipality forms one of three municipal constituencies for the Riksdag along with Gothenburg and Malmö. In the SCB reports from 1988 to 1998 the exact decimals of the Sweden Democrats were not reported since only parties near the 4 % nationwide threshold were reported on.

Riksdag

Year Turnout Votes V S MP C L KD M SD ND F!
1973[3] 89.1 469,386 9.2 39.4 0.0 14.8 11.2 1.3 23.3 0.0 0.0 0.0
1976[4] 90.3 471,470 8.8 38.1 0.0 13.3 13.3 0.8 24.8 0.0 0.0 0.0
1979[5] 89.0 453,287 10.5 37.8 0.0 9.0 11.7 0.8 29.2 0.0 0.0 0.0
1982[6] 90.0 453,535 10.1 39.4 2.2 7.3 5.9 1.0 33.7 0.0 0.0 0.0
1985[7] 88.8 453,117 9.6 38.0 1.7 3.7 15.8 0.0 30.2 0.0 0.0 0.0
1988[8] 84.7 432,490 10.3 33.6 5.0 4.2 14.5 1.8 27.6 0.0 0.0 0.0
1991[9] 85.7 433,200 7.1 29.8 5.3 2.9 11.4 4.9 30.7 0.0 6.8 0.0
1994[10] 85.4 438,432 8.4 34.8 5.8 3.2 10.2 3.0 32.2 0.0 1.3 0.0
1998[11] 81.0 436,295 12.9 27.2 5.8 1.7 7.5 8.9 33.7 0.0 0.0 0.0
2002[12] 80.7 458,005 10.8 31.3 6.7 1.7 19.5 6.5 21.0 1.0 0.0 0.0
2006[13] 82.4 482,455 7.4 23.2 9.3 5.7 10.1 5.0 35.1 1.6 0.0 1.4
2010[14] 85.0 534,887 7.4 20.9 12.2 6.3 8.6 5.3 34.3 3.2 0.0 0.9
2014[15] 85.8 581,065 7.7 21.6 11.2 4.9 7.9 4.3 27.7 6.6 0.0 7.2

Blocs

This lists the relative strength of the socialist and centre-right blocs since 1973, but parties not elected to the Riksdag are inserted as "other", including the Sweden Democrats results from 1988 to 2006, but also the Christian Democrats pre-1991 and the Greens in 1982, 1985 and 1991. The sources are identical to the table above. The coalition or government mandate marked in bold formed the government after the election. New Democracy got elected in 1991 but are still listed as "other" due to the short lifespan of the party. "Elected" is the total number of percentage points from the municipality that went to parties who were elected to the Riksdag.

Year Turnout Votes Left Right SD Other Elected
1973 89.1 469,386 48.6 49.3 0.0 2.1 97.9
1976 90.3 471,470 46.9 51.4 0.0 1.7 98.3
1979 89.0 453,287 48.3 49.9 0.0 1.8 98.2
1982 90.0 453,535 49.5 46.9 0.0 3.6 96.4
1985 88.8 453,117 47.6 49.7 0.0 2.7 97.3
1988 84.7 432,490 48.9 46.3 0.0 4.8 95.2
1991 85.7 433,200 36.9 49.9 0.0 13.2 93.6
1994 85.4 438,432 49.0 48.6 0.0 2.4 97.6
1998 81.0 436,295 45.9 51.8 0.0 2.3 97.7
2002 80.7 458,005 48.8 48.7 0.0 3.5 96.5
2006 82.4 482,455 39.9 55.9 0.0 4.2 95.8
2010 85.0 534,887 40.5 54.5 3.2 1.8 98.2
2014 85.8 581,065 40.5 44.8 6.6 8.1 91.9

Local

The municipality is governed by a Municipal assembly (kommunfullmäktige) with 101 members. These are elected through municipal elections, held in conjunction with the Parliamentary elections every four years. The council meets twice a month and the meetings are open to the public. The council elects a Municipal executive committee (kommunstyrelse), with 13 members representing both the political majority and the opposition, with the responsibility of implementing policies approved by the assembly. The political organisation also includes eight governing full-time Commissioners (borgarråd) and four Commissioners representing the opposition. The work is headed by the Commissioner of Finance (finansborgarråd, sometimes called Mayor), who also chairs the executive committee. The current Commissioner of Finance is Karin Wanngård, representing the Social democrats.

Following the 2014 municipal elections, the seats are divided in the following way:
The governing parties Parties in opposition
The Social Democrats 24 The Moderate Party 28
The Left Party 10 The Liberal People's Party 9
The Green Party 16 The Christian Democrats 2
The Feminist Initiative 3 The Centre Party 3
The Sweden Democrats 6
Following the 2010 municipal elections, the seats are divided in the following way:
The governing parties Parties in opposition
The Moderate Party 38 The Social Democrats 25
The Liberal People's Party 10 The Left Party 8
The Christian Democrats 1 The Green Party 16
The Centre Party 3
Following the 2006 municipal elections, the seats are divided in the following way:
The governing parties Parties in opposition
The Moderate Party 39 The Social Democrats 27
The Liberal People's Party 10 The Left Party 9
The Christian Democrats 3 The Green Party 10
The Centre Party 1
Following the 2002 municipal elections, the seats were divided in the following way:
The governing parties Parties in opposition
The Social Democrats 35 The Moderate Party 27
The Left Party 11 The Liberal People's Party 17
The Green Party 6 The Christian Democrats 5

Municipal elections 1994-2006

Year Moderate Party Christian Democrats Centre Party Liberals Stockholm Party Green Party Social Democrats Left Party others
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
1994 128 975 28,7 29 9 399 2,1 0 24 329 5,4 5 35 437 7,9 9 15 309 3,4 2 35 120 7,8 8 148 684 33,0 37 41 274 9,2 11 11 533 2,5 0
1998 146 797 32,9 35 28 320 6,4 6 9 187 2,1 0 34 789 7,8 9 19 561 4,4 3 26 347 5,9 6 114 118 25,6 28 54 663 12,3 13 20 411 4,5 0
2002 121 405 26,0 27 20 746 4,4 5 5 939 1,2 0 73 736 15,7 17 9 137 1,9 0 24 965 5,3 6 149 871 32,0 35 52 325 11,2 11 8 772 1,8 0
2006 180 207 37,3 41 18 907 3,9 3 15 205 3,1 1 46 657 9,6 10 5 831 1,2 0 44 530 9,2 10 118 129 24,4 27 38 284 7,9 9 16 084 2,6 0

Stockholm Party is a local party, which was represented in the City Council 1979-2002.

Municipal Election 2014

On September 9th 2014 Stockhlolm held Municipality Election

Party Votes Seats
Number % +/− Number +/−
  The Moderate Party 158 450 28,15 −8,57 28 −10
  The Social Democrats 128 086 21,96 −0,64 24 −1
  The Green Party 83 561 14,32 +0,45 16 +/−0
  The Left Party 52 146 8,94 +1,50 10 +2
  The Liberal People's Party 48 302 8,28 −1,74 9 −1
  The Sweden Democrats 30 078 5,16 +2,53 6 +6
  The Centre Party 27 369 4,69 +0,72 3 +/−0
  The Feminist Initiative 27 079 4,64 +3,48 3 +3
The Christian Democrats 19 125 3,28 −0,21 2 +1
Other parties 9 137 1,57 +1,12 0 +/−0
Total 583 333 100,00 +/−0 101 +/−0

Board of Commissioners since 2006

  • Sten Nordin (m), Commissioner of Finance (after 2008) (finansborgarråd)
  • Mikael Söderlund (m), Commissioner of Building and Traffic (byggnads- och trafikborgarråd)
  • Ulla Hamilton (m), Commissioner of Environment and Real Estate (miljö och bostadsbolagsborgarråd)
  • Lotta Edholm (fp), Commissioner of Education (skolborgarråd)
  • Madeleine Sjöstedt (fp), Commissioner of Culture and Sports (kulturborgarråd)
  • Kristina Alvendal (m), Commissioner of Housing and Integration (bostads- och integrationsborgarråd)
  • Ulf Kristersson (m), Commissioner of Social Services (socialborgarråd)
  • Ewa Samuelsson (kd), Commissioner of Senior Citizen's Service (äldrevårdsborgarråd)
  • Carin Jämtin (s), Commissioner in Opposition (oppositionsborgarråd)
  • Roger Mogert (s), Commissioner in Opposition (oppositionsborgarråd)
  • Ann-Margarethe Livh (v), Commissioner in Opposition (oppositionsborgarråd)
  • Yvonne Ruwaida (mp), Commissioner in Opposition (oppositionsborgarråd)

District Councils

Stockholm boroughs 2007
The district council areas of Stockholm

The municipality is subdivided into 14 districts. These districts are sometimes incorrectly referred to as "boroughs" in English. They are, however, no legal entities or juristic persons of their own, but committees of the municipality itself. These districts are administered by District Councils, stadsdelsnämnder, which carry responsibility for primary school, social, leisure and cultural services within their respective areas. The members of these councils are not directly elected by the inhabitants of the respective districts, but rather appointed by the kommunfullmäktige (municipal assembly).

Effective January 1, 2007 the number of district councils was reduced from 18 to 14 through a number of merges. Maria-Gamla stan and Katarina-Sofia now form Södermalm borough, Enskede-Årsta and Vantör now form Enskede-Årsta-Vantör, Hägersten and Liljeholmen now form Hägersten-Liljeholmen, and Kista and Rinkeby now form Rinkeby-Kista.

Stockholm City Centre South Stockholm West Stockholm

Twin Towns - Sister Cities

The policy of Stockholm is to have informal town twinning with all capitals of the world, its main focus being those in northern Europe. Stockholm does not sign any formal town twinning treaties, although the city claims to have established such treaties in the past which are still valid.[16]

The cities claiming to have been twinned with Stockholm are:

References

  1. ^ "Statistiska centralbyrån, Kommunarealer den 1 januari 2014" (Microsoft Excel) (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. Retrieved 2014-04-18.
  2. ^ "Folkmängd i riket, län och kommuner 31 december 2017" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. February 21, 2018. Retrieved February 21, 2018.
  3. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1973 (page 161)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
  4. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1976 (page 156)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
  5. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1979 (page 180)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
  6. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1982 (page 181)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
  7. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1985 (page 182)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
  8. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1988 (page 163)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
  9. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1991 (page 22)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
  10. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1994 (page 36)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
  11. ^ "Riksdagsvalet 1998 (page 32)" (PDF) (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
  12. ^ "Valresultat Riksdag Stockholms kommun 2002" (in Swedish). Valmyndigheten. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
  13. ^ "Valresultat Riksdag Stockholms kommun 2006" (in Swedish). Valmyndigheten. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
  14. ^ "Valresultat Riksdag Stockholms kommun 2010" (in Swedish). Valmyndigheten. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
  15. ^ "Valresultat Riksdag Stockholms kommun 2014" (in Swedish). Valmyndigheten. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
  16. ^ "Internationell strategi" – Stockholm Stads official website
  17. ^ Twinning Cities: International Relations. Municipality of Tirana. www.tirana.gov.al. Retrieved on 2008-01-25.
  18. ^ "Fraternity cities on Sarajevo Official Web Site". © City of Sarajevo 2001-2008. Retrieved 2008-11-09.
  19. ^ "Saint Petersburg in figures - International and Interregional Ties". Saint Petersburg City Government. Archived from the original on 2009-02-24. Retrieved 2008-10-23.
  20. ^ "Riga municipality portal". Riga.lv. 2008-05-20. Archived from the original on December 4, 2008. Retrieved 2009-05-06.

External links

Coordinates: 59°21′N 18°04′E / 59.350°N 18.067°E

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