Stilt house

Stilt houses are houses raised on piles over the surface of the soil or a body of water. Stilt houses are built primarily as a protection against flooding,[1] and they also keep out vermin.[2] The shady space under the house can be used for work or storage.[3]

Inle-Yawnghwe
City of Yawnghwe in the Inle Lake, Myanmar.

History

Pfahlbaumuseum Unteruhldingen-08
Reconstruction of Bronze Age German stilt houses on Lake Constance, Pfahlbaumuseum Unteruhldingen, Germany.
Lacustrine Village
Lacustrine Village found in Lake Zurich, Switzerland

In the Neolithic and the Bronze Age, stilt-house settlements were common in the Alpine and Pianura Padana (Terramare) regions.[4] Remains have been found at the Ljubljana Marshes in Slovenia and at the Mondsee and Attersee lakes in Upper Austria, for example. Early archaeologists like Ferdinand Keller thought they formed artificial islands, much like the Irish and Scottish Crannogs, but today it is clear that the majority of settlements were located on the shores of lakes and were only inundated later on.[5] Reconstructed stilt houses are shown in open-air museums in Unteruhldingen and Zürich (Pfahlbauland). In June 2011, the prehistoric pile dwellings in six Alpine states were designated as UNESCO World Heritage Sites. A single Scandinavian pile dwelling, the Alvastra stilt houses, has been excavated in Sweden.

Halibut Cove house on pilings
Many of the buildings in Halibut Cove, Alaska, are stilt houses.

According to archeological evidence, stilt-house settlements were an architectural norm in the Caroline Islands and Micronesia, and these are still present in Oceania today.[6] Today, stilt houses are also still common in parts of the Mosquito Coast in northeastern Nicaragua, northern Brazil, South East Asia, Papua New Guinea, and West Africa.[7] In the Alps, similar buildings, known as raccards, are still in use as granaries. In England, granaries are placed on staddle stones, similar to stilts, to prevent mice and rats getting to the grain. Stilted granaries are also a common feature in West Africa, e.g., in the Malinke language regions of Mali and Guinea.

Herodotus has described in his Histories the dwellings of the "lake-dwellers" in Paeonia and how those were constructed.[8]

Western hemisphere

PalafitosCastro2016
Palafitos in Castro, Chiloé Archipelago, Chile
Kamchadals
Summer family dwellings of the natives of the Kamchatka Peninsula (Russia) called Itelmens or Kamchadals. Their winter dwellings were earth-sheltered and communal.

Stilt houses are also common in the western hemisphere, and are an example of multiple discovery. They were built by Amerindians in pre-Columbian times. Palafitos are especially widespread along the banks of the tropical river valleys of South America, notably the Amazon and Orinoco river systems. Stilt houses were such a prevalent feature along the shores of Lake Maracaibo that Amerigo Vespucci was inspired to name the region "Venezuela" (little Venice). As the costs of hurricane damage increase, more and more houses along the Gulf Coast are being built as or converted to stilt houses.[9]

Arctic

Houses where permafrost is present, in the Arctic, are built on stilts to keep permafrost under them from melting. Permafrost can be up to 70% water. While it is frozen, it provides a stable foundation. If heat radiating from the bottom of a home melts the permafrost, however, the home goes out of level and starts sinking into the ground. Other means of keeping the permafrost from melting are available, but raising the home off the ground on stilts is one of the most effective ways.

Types

Gallery

Rumoh Acèh di Piyeung Datu

Rumoh Aceh, Acehnese traditional house

Cempa stilthouses

Stilt houses in Cempa, located in the Lingga Islands of Indonesia

AttapeuStiltHouse

A stilt house in Attapeu Province, southern Laos

Fragaria washington

Stilt houses along Puget Sound in Fragaria, Washington, United States

Cambo 25

A rural stilt house in Cambodia

Philippinen basilan seezigeuner ph04p69

Bajau stilt houses over the sea in the Philippines

Stilt house in Ban Saladan, Krabi province, Thailand

A stilt house in Southern Thailand

Haus afrika zoo gelsenkirchen

An African home reconstructed in Germany

Puente en zona de palafitos en Nueva Venecia-Sitionuevo-Magdalena-Colombia

A bridge between stilt houses (palafito) in Colombia, in Ciénaga Grande de Santa Marta

Traditional Messolongi stilt house

Traditional stilt house in the Missolonghi Lagoon, Western Greece

Tonle Sap stilt houses

Stilt houses on Tonlé Sap Lake, Cambodia

Diamonds Thudufushi Beach and Water Villas, May 2017 -03

Vacation resort in the Maldives

Rumah Kayu Woloan

The Wooden House in Woloan[10] - Tomohon City in North Sulawesi. Commonly known as Stilt House of Woloan.

Biggest stilt house in Vietnam

The biggest stilt house in Vietnam

Casita Joyuda

A house on stilts on the Caribbean Sea in Joyuda, Cabo Rojo, Puerto Rico.

See also

References

  1. ^ David M. Bush (June 2004). Living with Florida's Atlantic beaches: coastal hazards from Amelia Island to Key West. Duke University Press. pp. 263–264. ISBN 978-0-8223-3289-3. Retrieved 27 March 2011.
  2. ^ Our Experts. Our Living World 5. Ratna Sagar. p. 63. ISBN 978-81-8332-295-9. Retrieved 27 March 2011.
  3. ^ Cambodian Heritage Camp yearbook
  4. ^ Alan W. Ertl (15 August 2008). Toward an Understanding of Europe: A Political Economic Précis of Continental Integration. Universal-Publishers. p. 308. ISBN 978-1-59942-983-0. Retrieved 28 March 2011.
  5. ^ Francesco Menotti (2004). Living on the lake in prehistoric Europe: 150 years of lake-dwelling research. Psychology Press. pp. 22–25. ISBN 978-0-415-31720-7. Retrieved 29 March 2011.
  6. ^ Paul Rainbird (14 June 2004). The archaeology of Micronesia. Cambridge University Press. pp. 92–98. ISBN 978-0-521-65630-6. Retrieved 27 March 2011.
  7. ^ Dindy Robinson (15 August 1996). World cultures through art activities. Libraries Unlimited. pp. 64–65. ISBN 978-1-56308-271-9. Retrieved 27 March 2011.
  8. ^ Herodotus, Histories, 5.16
  9. ^ "Fortified Home Design Pioneered on the Texas Gulf Coast". Texasgulfcoastonline.com. Retrieved 2012-08-01.
  10. ^ "Sejarah Industri Rumah Kayu Woloan | Tumou Pratama". Rumah Kayu (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2018-05-08.

External links

1985 Governor General's Awards

Each winner of the 1985 Governor General's Awards for Literary Merit was selected by a panel of judges administered by the Canada Council for the Arts.

Alvastra pile-dwelling

The Alvastra pile-dwelling (Swedish: Alvastra pålbyggnad or Alvastraboplatsen) is a pile dwelling (also called a stilt house) from ca 3000 BC in Alvastra, Ödeshög Municipality, Östergötland County, Sweden.

Southern Scandinavia has many types of cult centres, but the Alvastra pile dwelling is unique in Northern Europe and is the only of its kind outside of the Alpine Pile Dweller culture. It was the seasonal social and religious centre of a tribe that left objects from the Funnelbeaker culture, but pottery from the Pitted Ware culture, in the dwelling. Ca 2/3 of the pile dwelling was excavated by archaeologists in the years 1908–18, 1928–39 and 1976–80.

Cumberland point

A Cumberland point is a lithic projectile point, attached to a spear and used as a hunting tool. These sturdy points were intended for use as thrusting weapons and employed by various mid-Paleo-Indians (c. 11,000 BP) in the Southeastern US in the killing of large game mammals.

Finca Bellavista

Finca Bellavista is a self-sustaining tree-house community in Costa Rica encompassing 600 acres (2.4 km2) of rainforest. It was founded in 2007. The property is owned by Crested Beauty, S.A, which sells lots of between two and 5 acres (20,000 m2) to the general public, in which a stilt house or tree house may be built. Residents are required to purchase a biodigester As of 2016, Finca Bellavista attracts 5,000 visitors a year

Gletterens

Gletterens is a municipality in the district of Broye, in the canton of Fribourg, Switzerland.

It is home to the Les Grèves prehistoric pile-dwelling (or stilt house) settlements that are part of the Prehistoric Pile dwellings around the Alps UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Grinding slab

In archaeology, a grinding slab is a ground stone artifact generally used to grind plant materials into usable size, though some slabs were used to shape other ground stone artifacts. Some grinding stones are portable; others are not and, in fact, may be part of a stone outcropping.

Grinding slabs used for plant processing typically acted as a coarse surface against which plant materials were ground using a portable hand stone, or mano ("hand" in Spanish). Variant grinding slabs are referred to as metates or querns, and have a ground-out bowl. Like all ground stone artifacts, grinding slabs are made of large-grained materials such as granite, basalt, or similar tool stones.

Holzbrücke Rapperswil-Hurden

Holzbrücke Rapperswil-Hurden is a wooden pedestrian bridge between the city of Rapperswil and the village of Hurden crossing the upper Lake Zürich (Obersee) in Switzerland. The prehistoric timber piles discovered to the west of the Seedamm date back to 1523 BC. The island settlement Technikum is a prehistoric pile-dwelling (or stilt house) settlement which is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site Prehistoric Pile dwellings around the Alps. The first wooden footbridge led across Lake Zürich, followed by several reconstructions at least until the late 2nd century AD when the Roman Empire built a 6 metres (20 ft) wide wooden bridge. Between 1358 and 1360, Rudolf IV, Duke of Austria, built a 'new' wooden bridge across the lake that was used until 1878. On 6 April 2001, the reconstructed wooden footbridge was opened, being the longest wooden bridge in Switzerland.

Lethal Weapon 2

Lethal Weapon 2 is a 1989 American buddy cop action comedy film directed by Richard Donner, and starring Mel Gibson, Danny Glover, Joe Pesci, Patsy Kensit, Derrick O'Connor and Joss Ackland. It is a sequel to the 1987 film Lethal Weapon and the second installment in the Lethal Weapon film series.

Gibson and Glover respectively reprise their roles as LAPD officers Martin Riggs and Roger Murtaugh, who protect an irritating federal witness (Pesci), while taking on a gang of South African drug dealers hiding behind diplomatic immunity. The film was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Sound Editing (Robert G. Henderson). The film received mostly positive reviews and earned more than $227 million worldwide.

Mai Châu District

Mai Châu is a rural district of Hòa Bình Province in the Northwest region of Vietnam. The district is located at about 160 km from Ha Noi. The scenery of Mai Châu attracts many tourists.In 2003, the district had a population of 48,570. The district covers an area of 520 km². The district capital is the city of Mai Châu.

Nipa

NIPA, Nipa or nipah may refer to:

Shamim Ara Nipa, Bangladeshi dancer and choreographer

Nipa hut, a type of stilt house indigenous to the cultures of the Philippines

Nipah virus, a Henipavirus

Nipa hut

The nipa hut or bahay kubo, is a type of stilt house indigenous to the cultures of the Philippines. It is also known as payag or kamalig in other languages of the Philippines. It often serves as an icon of Philippine culture or, more specifically, rural cultures. Its architectural principles gave way to many of Filipino traditional houses and buildings that rose after the pre-colonial era. These include the Colonial era "bahay na bato" which is a noble version of bahay kubo with Spanish and some Chinese main architectural influence and has become the dominant urban architecture in the past. And there is also contemporary buildings such as the Coconut Palace, Sto. Niño Shrine, Cultural Center of the Philippines and National Arts Center which are modern edifices that used bahay kubo as a major influence.

Pang uk

Pang uk (Chinese: 棚屋; Jyutping: paang4 uk1; literally: 'shack house') is a kind of stilt house found in Tai O, Lantau Island, Hong Kong. Pang uk are built on water or on small beaches.

A fire broke out in 2000 destroying some of the houses in Tai O, and some were later rebuilt.

They were once found in many other fishing towns and villages in rural Hong Kong, but only those in Tai O are preserved in a large scale, with some in the Lei Yue Mun Village and Ma San Tsuen in Lei Yue Mun. Pang uk developed from the boat houses of Tanka (蜑家) or fishing people, after they moved to reside on land.

Pfahlbaumuseum Unteruhldingen

Pfahlbaumuseum Unteruhldingen (German for 'Stilt house museum') is an archaeological open-air museum on Lake Constance (Bodensee) in Unteruhldingen, Germany, consisting of reconstructions of stilt houses or lake dwellings from the Neolithic Stone Age and Bronze Age.

Post House

Post House or post house may refer to:

A stilt house also known as a pile dwelling, a historic house type

A post-production studio

Post house (historical building), a house or inn with a stable that provided services to travelers and mail carriersin the United States (by state then city/town)

Joseph W. Post House, Big Sur, California, listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) in Monterey County

George B. Post House, Pasadena, California, listed on the NRHP in Los Angeles County

Augustus Post House, Hebron, Connecticut, listed on the NRHP in Tolland County

Post House (Alton, Illinois), listed on the NRHP in Madison County

Peter P. Post House, Woodcliff, New Jersey, listed on the NRHP in Bergen County

Post-Williams House, Poughkeepsie, New York, listed on the NRHP

William Post Mansion, Buckhannon, West Virginia, listed on the NRHP in Upshur County

Quiggly hole

A quiggly hole, also known as a pit-house or simply as a quiggly or kekuli, is the remains of an earth lodge built by the First Nations people of the Interior of British Columbia and the Columbia Plateau in the U.S. The word quiggly comes from kick willy or keekwulee, the Chinook Jargon word for "beneath" or "under".

Road to the Stilt House

Road to the Stilt House is a novel by David Adams Richards, published in 1985. The novel centres on Arnold, a teenage boy living in poverty in the Miramichi Valley of New Brunswick, the setting of most of Richards' novels.The novel was a shortlisted finalist for the Governor General's Award for English-language fiction at the 1985 Governor General's Awards.

Stilts (architecture)

Stilts are poles, posts or pillars used to allow a structure or building to stand at a distance above the ground. In flood plains, and on beaches or unstable ground, buildings are often constructed on stilts to protect them from damage by water, waves or shifting soil or sand.

Traditional Thai house

The traditional Thai house (Thai: เรือนไทย, RTGS: ruean Thai, lit. "Thai house") is a loose collection of vernacular architectural styles employed throughout the different regions of Thailand. Thai houses usually feature a bamboo or wooden structure, raised on stilts and topped with a steep gabled roof. The houses from each of Thailand's regions have distinctive styles, which reflect the people's living style, including social and cultural beliefs or religious customs and occupations.

Tumaco

Tumaco is a port city and municipality in the Nariño Department, Colombia, by the Pacific Ocean. It is located on the southwestern corner of Colombia, near the border with Ecuador, and enjoys of hot tropical climate. Tumaco is inhabited mainly by Afro-Colombians and some indigenous people.

Tumaco is accessible by plane, from the western city of Cali, one of the main urban centers of the country, well connected to Bogotá, the capital city. It can also be reached by land via highway from the city of Pasto, the capital city of the Nariño Department. Tumaco is known for being the hometown of many great Colombian soccer players, including Willington Ortiz.

Colombian film director Samuel Córdoba released a documentary about the city in 2009. The film, entitled "Tumaco Pacífico", chronicles the stilt-house area of the city, predominantly populated by Afro-Colombians. Córdoba was inspired by a panoramic photo of the stilt houses he saw in a photography book on Tumaco. The film won first place at the Festival de Cine Latinoamericano de Bordeaux, in France, and was presented at the Festival Internacional de Cine, in Santiago, Chile.

Other places of interest include ecotourism sites and beaches located near the mouth of the Mira River, where the river meets the sea. Also, there are the Playas de Milagros (beaches of Miracles), and Bocananueva y Teran beaches, where visitors can experience the diversity of flora and fauna first-hand.

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