Stephen Moylan

Stephen Moylan (1737 – April 11, 1811) was an Irish American patriot leader during the American Revolutionary War. He had several positions in the Continental Army including Muster-Master General, Secretary and Aide to General George Washington, 2nd Quartermaster General, Commander of The Fourth Continental Light Dragoons and Commander of the Cavalry of the Continental Army.

In January 1776, he wrote a letter using the term "United States of America", the earliest known use of that phrase.[1]

Early life

Stephen Moylan was born to a prominent Catholic family in Cork, Ireland. His family sent him to be educated in Paris. Moylan then worked in Lisbon for three years in the family shipping firm. He settled in Philadelphia in 1768 to organize his own shipping firm. He was one of the organizers of the Friendly Sons of St. Patrick, an Irish-American fraternal organization, and served as its first president.[2]

Revolution

Moylan joined the American Continental Army in 1775 and was appointed Muster-Master General on August 11, 1775. His experience in the shipping industry afforded the United States a well qualified ship outfitter, who would help fit out the first ships of the Continental Navy. On March 5, 1776, he became secretary to General George Washington. He was promoted to Colonel and was appointed Quartermaster General in the American Continental Army on June 5, 1776, succeeding Thomas Mifflin.[2] He resigned from this office on September 28, 1776. However, he continued to serve as a volunteer of General Washington's staff through December 1776.

Moylan was appointed to command the 4th Continental Light Dragoons, also known as Moylan's Horse, on January 3, 1777, at Philadelphia. The regiment would be noted for taking the field in captured British Red Coats. However, they would see action in green coats at the Battle of Brandywine on September 11, 1777, and the Battle of Germantown on October 4, 1777, and end the year by protecting the Cantonment at Valley Forge. Col. Moylan succeeded General Pulaski as Commander of the Cavalry in March 1778. Moylan's Horse would see action at the Battle of Monmouth on June 28, 1778.

In the campaign of 1779 Col. Moylan and the 4th Dragoons would be stationed at Pound Ridge, New York, and see action when the British raided Norwalk, Connecticut, on July 11, 1779. Col. Moylan and the 4th Dragoons took part in the Battle of Springfield, New Jersey, on June 23, 1780, and General Anthony Wayne's expedition at Bull's Ferry, New Jersey, on July 20, 1780. Col. Moylan commanded his Dragoons at the Siege of Yorktown in October 1781, after which he was to take the cavalry to the Southern Campaign. However, his failing health caused him to leave the field and return to Philadelphia, where he constantly appealed to the Continental Congress to man, equip and maintain the Continental Dragoon Regiments.

He was rewarded for his service by being breveted to brigadier general on November 3, 1783.

Later life and family

Moylan was married to Miss Mary Ricketts Van Horne on September 12, 1778, and had two daughters, Elizabeth Catherine, and Maria. His two sons died as children. Stephen Moylan died in Philadelphia, April 11, 1811, and is buried there in St. Mary's Churchyard.[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Who Coined the Phrase 'United States of America'? You May Never Guess". New York Historical Society.
  2. ^ a b c "Colonel Stephen Moylan", US Army Quartermaster Foundation

External links

2005 Cork Senior Hurling Championship

The 2005 Cork Senior Hurling Championship was the 117th staging of the Cork Senior Hurling Championship since its establishment by the Cork County Board in 1887. The draw for the 2005 fixtures took place at the Cork Convention on 12 December 2004. The championship began on 27 May 2005 ended on 16 October 2005.

Na Piarsaigh were the defending champions, however, they were defeated by University College Cork at the quarter-final stage.On 16 October 2005, Newtownshandrum won the championship following a 0-15 to 0-09 defeat of Cloyne in the final. This was their third championship title overall and their first in two championship seasons.

Cloyne's Paudie O'Sullivan was the championship's top scorer with 3-19.

2013 All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship Final

The 2013 All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship Final, the deciding game of the 2013 All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship, was played on 8 September 2013 at Croke Park, Dublin. For the second straight year, the final ended in a draw, requiring a replay that was held on 28 September 2013 at Croke Park.In the replay Clare beat Cork 5-16 to 3-16 to claim their fourth All Ireland title.

The replay has been described by some as one of the greatest finals of all time.The game between Cork and Clare was an all Munster All-Ireland for the second time ever, the first having been in 1997 between Clare and Tipperary.The drawn final was shown live in Ireland on RTÉ Two as part of The Sunday Game live programme, presented by Michael Lyster from Croke Park, with studio analysis from Cyril Farrell, Liam Sheedy, and Eddie Brennan and pre-match comments from Tomás Mulcahy and Ger Loughnane. Match commentary was provided by Ger Canning with analysis by Michael Duignan. The replay was shown live in Ireland on RTÉ Two as part of The Saturday Game live programme, presented by Michael Lyster from Croke Park, with studio analysis from Cyril Farrell, Liam Sheedy, and Eddie Brennan. Match commentary was provided by Ger Canning with analysis by Michael Duignan.

The drawn match was preceded by the Galway against Waterford minor hurling final which started at 1.15pm and was won by Waterford, their first minor title in 65 years.A peak Irish television audience of 1.3 million people watched RTÉ's coverage of the drawn final with an average audience of 885,000 viewers, a 64% share of the available television audience.

2013 Munster Senior Hurling Championship Final

The 2013 Munster Senior Hurling Championship Final was the 122nd final of the Munster Senior Hurling Championship, one of the most prestigious provincial hurling championships. The match, contested by Limerick and Cork, took place on 14 July 2013 at the Gaelic Grounds in Limerick, and started at 4:00 p.m. It was Limerick's 45th Munster final and Cork's 80th. In Ireland, the match was televised live on the Sunday Game on RTÉ Two with commentary from Ger Canning and Michael Duignan.The championship winners were awarded a place in the semi-finals of the 2013 All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship, while the loser went through to the quarter-finals.

Limerick beat fourteen-man Cork by 0-24 to 0-15 to secure the Munster crown for the first time since 1996. The Munster final failed to produce a goal for the first time since 1978. Cork's Patrick Horgan was sent-off in first half injury time for striking Limerick wing-back Paudie O'Brien on the helmet under a high ball.

Limerick took advantage and went on to compile a comfortable victory. The final whistle was greeted by scenes of remarkable euphoria at the Limerick city venue as a seventeen-year wait for Munster glory finally came to an end. The Munster Cup was lifted by captain Donal O'Grady.

2015 Waterford Crystal Cup

The 2015 Waterford Crystal Cup was the tenth and final staging of the Waterford Crystal Cup. It was replaced by the Munster Senior Hurling League in 2016.

The Waterford Crystal Cup is a hurling competition organised by the Munster Council of the Gaelic Athletic Association for the inter-county teams and third-level institutes and universities in the province of Munster in Ireland.

The competition began on 10 January 2015 and ended on 31 January 2014.

Tipperary were the defending champions.Limerick won their second Waterford Crystal Cup after a 3-20 to 1-16 win against Cork in the final in Mallow.

4th Continental Light Dragoons

The 4th Continental Light Dragoons also known as Moylan's Horse was raised on January 5, 1777, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, for service with the Continental Army under Colonel Stephen Moylan. The regiment entered the history books by taking the field in captured British scarlet coats as noted in a letter from General George Washington to Colonel Moylan dated May 12, 1777, in which Moylan was directed to have his uniforms dyed to avoid confusion with British dragoons. The regiment changed to green coats faced in red during the summer of 1778, with Tarleton helmets (black leather helmets in the style associated with Banastre Tarleton).

The regiment saw action at the Battle of Brandywine and the Battle of Germantown in their scarlet uniforms, and the Battle of Guilford Court House and the Siege of Yorktown in their more familiar green coats. The regiment was furloughed June 11, 1783, at Philadelphia and disbanded on November 15, 1783.

Canon O'Brien Cup

The Canon O'Brien Cup is an annual hurling match contested between Cork and University College Cork. The match, usually played in January at the Mardyke Sports Ground, is often regarded as a pre-season warm-up game for the two participants.

Organised by the Cork County Board, admission to the match is free, however, those attending the game are asked to make a donation to volunteer collectors on the day, with all proceeds going to the Irish Alzheimer’s Society. The fixture was first played in 2013.

The current holders are Cork who defeated University College Cork by 1-24 to 1-23 in the 2019 match.

Clare GAA

The Clare County Board of the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) (Irish: Cumann Lúthchleas Gael Coiste Contae an Chláir) or Clare GAA is one of the 32 county boards of the GAA in Ireland, and is responsible for Gaelic games in County Clare. Clare plays its home games at Cusack Park in Ennis.

The Clare Hurling team compete in the Munster championship which it has won six times, most recently in 1998. Clare has won the All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship four times in its history. They won their first title in 1914 and it took another 81 years for them to win their next title in 1995, which remains the record wait for a successive title in Senior Championship history. Clare won their most recent two titles in 1997 and 2013. Clare compete in Division 1 of the National Hurling League.

Clifton House

Clifton House, previously known as Sandy Tavern, is a historic building located at 473 Bethlehem Pike in Fort Washington, Pennsylvania.

During the autumn of 1777, George Washington's Continental Army spent six weeks camped at nearby Whitemarsh. Colonels Clement Biddle (the "Quaker General" and member of one of Philadelphia's prominent families) and Stephen Moylan, and General George Wheedon, were quartered here during the encampment.

The house that currently stands on the property was built in 1801. At the time of the American Revolution, it was known as the Sandy Tavern.

Today, the Clifton House is a library and museum operated by the Fort Washington Historical Society, and also serves as the society's headquarters.

Douglas GAA

Douglas GAA is a Gaelic Athletic Association club located in Douglas, County Cork, Ireland. The club participates at different levels in hurling, Gaelic football, camogie and ladies football. The club is part of the Seandún division of Cork GAA.

Friendly Sons of St. Patrick

The Friendly Sons of St. Patrick, officially The Society of The Friendly Sons of St. Patrick for the Relief of Emigrants from Ireland, is an American charitable and social organization for Irish-Americans founded in 1771.

Joseph Reed (politician)

Joseph Reed (August 27, 1741 – March 5, 1785) was a lawyer, military officer and statesman of the Revolutionary Era who lived the majority of his life in Pennsylvania. He served as a delegate to the Continental Congress and, while in Congress, signed the Articles of Confederation. He served as President of Pennsylvania's Supreme Executive Council, a position analogous to the modern office of Governor.

List of Cork people

Cork is the second city of Ireland and largest county in Ireland and has produced many noted artists, entertainers, politicians and business people.

List of Munster Senior Hurling Championship medal winners

This is a list of hurlers who have received a winners' medal in the Munster Senior Hurling Championship.

Currently, the Munster Council of the Gaelic Athletic Association issues medals limited to the winning team, however, the individual county board has the option of ordering extra medals for members of the extended panel or for players who may have played during the championship but missed the final due to injury.

Moylan

Moylan is a surname of Irish origin, anglicisation of the Gaelic Ó Maoileáin, meaning ‘son of the bald (maol)’.People bearing this name include:

Daniel Moylan (born 1956), English Conservative politician

Douglas Moylan, Guamanian official

Edward Moylan, American tennis player

Judi Moylan (born 1944), Australian politician

Kaleo Moylan, Guamanian official

Kurt Moylan, Guamanian official

Matt Moylan (born 1991), Australian rugby player

Pat Moylan (politician), Irish politician

Pat Moylan (Cork hurler), Irish hurler

Peter Moylan, Australian baseball player

Seán Moylan, Irish politician

Scotty Moylan, Guamanian businessman

Stephen Moylan, American general

Quartermaster General of the United States Army

The Quartermaster General of the United States Army is a general officer who is responsible for the Quartermaster Corps, the Quartermaster branch of the U.S. Army. The Quartermaster General does not command Quartermaster units, but is primarily focused on training, doctrine and professional development of Quartermaster soldiers. The Quartermaster General also serves as the Commanding General, U.S. Army Quartermaster Center and School, Fort Lee, Virginia and the traditional Quartermaster Corps. The office of the Quartermaster General was established by resolution of the Continental Congress on 16 June 1775, but the position was not filled until 14 August 1775. Perhaps the most famous Quartermaster General was Nathanael Greene, who was the third Quartermaster General, serving from March 1778 to August 1780. The first Quartermaster General to serve in the U.S. Army was Thomas Mifflin of Pennsylvania.

St. Mary's Roman Catholic Church (Philadelphia)

St. Mary's Roman Catholic Church, also known as Old St. Mary's, is a historic church in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It is located in the Society Hill neighborhood at 248 S. Fourth Street, between Spruce and Walnut Streets.

Commonly referred to as "Old Saint Mary's", it opened in 1763 and was the second Catholic Church in Philadelphia after St. Joseph's. It is still an active parish of the Archdiocese of Philadelphia with Masses held on Saturdays at 4:30 p.m. and Sunday at 10 a.m. The current pastor is Paul A. DiGirolamo, J.C.D. The church is twinned with Holy Trinity Church at 6th and Spruce Streets, which serves as a worship site of St. Mary and which has Masses on holy days at 12 noon.

Stephen Moylan (hurler)

Stephen Moylan (born 18 October 1987) is an Irish hurler who plays for Cork Senior Championship club Douglas. He played for the Cork senior hurling team for five seasons, during which time he usually lined out as a right corner-forward.

Moylan began his hurling career at club level with Douglas. He broke onto the club's top adult team as a 17-year-old in 2005 and enjoyed his greatest success in 2009 when the club won the Premier Intermediate Championship and promotion to the top flight of Cork hurling.

At inter-county level, Moylan was part of the successful Cork minor team that won back-to-back Munster Championships in 2004 and 2005 before later winning a Munster Championship with the under-21 team in 2007. Moylan was left corner-forward on the Cork intermediate team that won the All-Ireland Championship in 2009. He joined the Cork senior team in 2012. From his debut, Moylan was used as an impact sub and made many National League and Championship appearances in a career that ended with his last game in 2016. During that time he was part of the Cork Munster Championship-winning team in 2014. Moylan was released from the Cork senior panel in April 2016.

United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country comprising 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles (9.8 million km2), the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles (10.1 million km2). With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century. The United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Following the French and Indian War, numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, and the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776. The war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties. The United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, and gradually admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848.During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery. By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, and its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power. The United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, and a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U.S. Moon landing. The end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower.The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation. It is a federal republic and a representative democracy. The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States (OAS), and other international organizations. The United States is a highly developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for approximately a quarter of global GDP. The U.S. economy is largely post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U.S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country.Despite income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank very high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, and worker productivity. The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, and is a leading political, cultural, and scientific force internationally.

Washington's aides-de-camp

Washington's aides-de-camp during the American Revolutionary War were officers of the Continental Army appointed to serve on General George Washington's headquarters staff, with the rank of lieutenant colonel. The headquarters staff also included one military secretary, a full colonel.

Washington had a small number of aides-de-camp at any given time, with relatively frequent turnover. A total of 32 men were appointed to these positions, and served between July 4, 1775, and December 23, 1783. Other people worked as volunteer aides or assistants, and helped with office duties when needed.

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