Steny Hoyer

Steny Hamilton Hoyer (/ˈstɛni ˈhɔɪ.ər/; born June 14, 1939) is an American politician serving as U.S. Representative for Maryland's 5th congressional district since 1981 and as House Majority Leader since 2019. A Democrat, he was first elected in a special election on May 19, 1981 and is currently serving in his 20th term. The district includes a large swath of rural and suburban territory southeast of Washington, D.C.. Hoyer is the dean of the Maryland Congressional delegation.

Since 2003, Hoyer has been the second ranking Democrat in the House of Representatives behind Nancy Pelosi. He is a two-time House Majority Leader, having previously served in the post from 2007 to 2011 under Speaker Pelosi.[2][3] During two periods of Republican House control (2003–2007 and 2011–2019), Hoyer served as House Minority Whip, both times under Minority Leader Pelosi. As a result of the 2018 midterm elections, in which the Democrats took control of the House, Hoyer was re-elected Majority Leader in January 2019 on the opening of the 116th Congress, remaining the number two House Democrat behind Speaker Pelosi.[4][5]

Steny Hoyer
Steny Hoyer, official photo as Whip
House Majority Leader
Assumed office
January 3, 2019
SpeakerNancy Pelosi
Preceded byKevin McCarthy
In office
January 3, 2007 – January 3, 2011
SpeakerNancy Pelosi
Preceded byJohn Boehner
Succeeded byEric Cantor
House Minority Whip
In office
January 3, 2011 – January 3, 2019
LeaderNancy Pelosi
Preceded byEric Cantor
Succeeded bySteve Scalise
In office
January 3, 2003 – January 3, 2007
LeaderNancy Pelosi
Preceded byNancy Pelosi
Succeeded byRoy Blunt
Chair of the House Democratic Conference
In office
June 21, 1989 – January 3, 1995
LeaderTom Foley
Preceded byWilliam Grey
Succeeded byVic Fazio
Vice Chair of the House Democratic Conference
In office
January 3, 1989 – June 21, 1989
LeaderJim Wright
Preceded byMary Rose Oakar
Succeeded byVic Fazio
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maryland's 5th district
Assumed office
May 19, 1981
Preceded byGladys Spellman
82nd President of the Maryland Senate
In office
January 3, 1975 – January 3, 1978
Preceded byWilliam S. James
Succeeded byJames A. Clark Jr.
Member of the Maryland Senate
from the 26th district
In office
January 3, 1975 – January 3, 1978
Preceded byConstituency established
Succeeded byMike Donovan
Member of the Maryland Senate
from the 4C district
In office
January 1967 – January 1975
Preceded byConstituency established
Succeeded byConstituency abolished
Personal details
Born
Steny Hamilton Hoyer

June 14, 1939 (age 79)
New York City, New York, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)
Judith Pickett
(m. 1961; died 1997)
[1]
Children3
ResidenceMechanicsville, Maryland
EducationUniversity of Maryland, College Park (BA)
Georgetown University (JD)
Signature
Steny Hoyer's signature
WebsiteHouse website
Party website

Early life and education

Hoyer was born in New York City, New York, and grew up in Mitchellville, Maryland, the son of Jean (née Baldwin) and Steen Theilgaard Høyer. His father was Danish and a native of Copenhagen; "Steny" is a variant of his father's name, "Steen",[6] and Hoyer is an anglicized form of the fairly common Danish surname "Høyer". His mother was an American, with Scottish, German, and English ancestry, and a descendant of John Hart, a signer of the Declaration of Independence.[7] He graduated from Suitland High School in Suitland, Maryland.

In 1963, he received his B.A. degree magna cum laude from the University of Maryland, College Park, where he also became a member of the Sigma Chi Fraternity.[8] He earned his J.D. degree from Georgetown University Law Center in Washington, D.C., in 1966.[8]

Early political career

For four years, from 1962 to 1966, Hoyer was a member of the staff of United States Senator Daniel Brewster (D-Maryland); also on Senator Brewster's staff at that time was Nancy Pelosi, who would later become a leadership colleague of Hoyer as she served as Minority Leader and Speaker of the House.[9]

In 1966, Hoyer won a newly created seat in the Maryland State Senate, representing Prince George's County-based Senate District 4C.[10] The district, created in the aftermath of Reynolds v. Sims, was renumbered as the 26th district in 1975,[8][11] the same year that Hoyer was elected President of the Maryland State Senate, the youngest in state history.[12]

From 1969 to 1971, Hoyer served as the 1st Vice President of the Young Democrats of America.[13]

In 1978, Hoyer sought the Democratic nomination for Lieutenant Governor of Maryland as the running mate of then acting Governor Blair Lee III, but lost out to Samuel Bogley 37%–34%.[14] In the same year, Hoyer was appointed to the Maryland Board of Higher Education, a position he served in until 1981.[8]

U.S. House of Representatives

Steny Hoyer, official photo portrait, circa 1980s
An earlier congressional portrait of Hoyer.
Steny Hoyer
Hoyer in 2007 as House Majority Leader

Elections

Fifth District Congresswoman Gladys Spellman fell into a coma three days before the 1980 election. She was reelected, but it soon became apparent that she would never regain consciousness, and Congress declared her seat vacant by resolution in February 1981. Hoyer narrowly won a crowded seven-way Democratic primary, beating Spellman's husband Reuben by only 1,600 votes. He then defeated a better-funded Republican, Audrey Scott, in the May 19 special election by 56%-44%, earning himself the nickname of "boy wonder".[15][16][17] In the 1982 general election, Hoyer won reelection to his first full term with 80% of the vote.[18] He has only faced one relatively close contest since then, when he defeated future Governor of Maryland Larry Hogan with just 55% of the vote in 1992.[19] His second worst performance was his 1996 bid against Republican State Delegate John Morgan, when he won reelection with 57% of the vote.[20] Hoyer has been reelected 14 times with no substantive opposition, and is the longest-serving House member from southern Maryland ever.[12]

Tenure

Domestic issues
  • Social Issues: Hoyer is pro-choice on abortion rights.[21] He voted against the Partial-Abortion ban bill in 2003. Hoyer supports affirmative action and LGBT rights.
  • Gun Rights: He is rated F by the NRA, indicating a pro-gun-control voting record.
  • Privacy: In 2008, Hoyer said he opposed providing immunity to telecom companies, but then negotiated a bill, described by Senators Patrick Leahy and Russ Feingold as a "capitulation", that would provide immunity to any telecom company[22] that had been told by the Bush administration that their actions were legal.[23][24][25][26] "No matter how they spin it, this is still immunity," said Kevin Bankston, a senior lawyer for the Electronic Frontier Foundation, a privacy rights group that has sued over President Bush's wiretapping program. "It's not compromise, it's pure theater."[27]
  • Health Care: In a 2009 USA Today opinion piece regarding healthcare reform, Steny Hoyer wrote that "Drowning out opposing views is simply un-American."[28]
  • Taxes: In June 2010, Hoyer brought up the idea that Congress would extend only temporarily middle-class tax cuts that were set to expire at the end of the year, suggesting that making them permanent would cost too much. President Obama wanted to extend them permanently for individuals making less than $200,000 a year and families making less than $250,000.[29]
Foreign issues
  • India: Hoyer supports civilian nuclear cooperation with India.[30]
  • Iraq: Hoyer initially supported the Iraq War and was even recognized by the DLC for his vocal leadership on this issue. After the war became publicly unpopular, Hoyer said he favored a "responsible redeployment".[31] However, he has repeatedly supported legislation to continue funding for the war without deadlines for troop withdrawal, most recently in return for increased funding of domestic projects.[32]
  • Israel: Hoyer is a supporter of Israel, and has often been allied with American Israel Public Affairs Committee. In September 2007, he criticized Rep. Jim Moran for suggesting that AIPAC "has pushed (the Iraq) war from the beginning", calling the comment "factually inaccurate".[33] In January 2017, Hoyer voted for a House resolution condemning the UN Security Council Resolution 2334, which called Israeli settlement building in the occupied Palestinian territories a flagrant violation of international law and a major obstacle to peace.[34]
  • Iran: Hoyer has stated that a nuclear Iran is "unacceptable" and that the use of force remains an option.[35]
  • Syria: In January 2019, Hoyer opposed President Donald Trump's planned withdrawal of U.S. troops from Syria and Afghanistan as "impulsive, irresponsible, and dangerous".[36]
  • Human Rights: Hoyer is a former chairman of the Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe.
  • Syria: Hoyer supports former President Obama's call for authorizing limited but decisive military action in response to the Assad regime's alleged use of chemical weapons.
Legislation

On February 28, 2014, Hoyer introduced the bill To amend the National Law Enforcement Museum Act to extend the termination date (H.R. 4120; 113th Congress) into the United States House of Representatives.[37] The bill would extend until November 9, 2016, the authority of the National Law Enforcement Officers Memorial Fund, a nonprofit organization, to construct a museum on federal lands within the District of Columbia honoring law enforcement officers.[38]

Fundraising

Hoyer is a prolific fundraiser for House Democrats. He has been the top giver to fellow party members in the House. In the 2008 election cycle, he contributed more than $1 million to the party and individual candidates as of July 14, 2008.[39]

Party leadership

Hoyer has served as chair of the Democratic Caucus, the fourth-ranking position among House Democrats, from 1989 to 1994; the former co-chair (and a current member) of the Democratic Steering Committee; and as the chief candidate recruiter for House Democrats from 1995 to 2000. He also served as Deputy Majority Whip from 1987 to 1989.[8]

When David E. Bonior resigned as Minority Whip in early 2002, Hoyer ran but lost to Nancy Pelosi. After the 2002 midterm elections, Pelosi ran to succeed Dick Gephardt as Minority Leader, leaving the Minority Whip post open again.[40] On November 14, 2002, Hoyer was unanimously elected by his colleagues in the Democratic Caucus to serve as the Minority Whip, the second-highest-ranking position among House Democrats.[12]

Bush, Pelosi, and Hoyer meeting at White House, Nov 9, 2006
Then-President George W. Bush meets with soon to be Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi and soon to be House Majority Leader Steny Hoyer on November 9, 2006.

Pelosi became the Speaker of the House in January 2007. Hoyer was elected by his colleagues to be House Majority Leader for the 110th Congress, defeating John Murtha of Pennsylvania by a vote of 149-86 within the caucus, despite Pelosi endorsing Murtha.[2][41] Hoyer is the first Marylander to become Majority Leader.[42] and became the highest-ranking federal lawmaker in Maryland history.[12] In this post, Hoyer was the floor leader of the House Democrats and ranked second in the leadership after the Speaker who is the actual head of the majority party in the house.

The day after the 2010 midterm elections in which the Democrats lost control of the House, Hoyer had a private conversation with Pelosi and stated that he would not challenge her bid for Minority Leader (for Pelosi to remain Democratic House Leader).[43] He ran for minority whip, but was challenged by outgoing Majority Whip Jim Clyburn (the top House Democrats wanted to remain in the leadership, but the minority party in the House has one less position). Hoyer is moderate while Pelosi and Clyburn are more liberal, and a significant number of Hoyer's would-be supporters in the House who were moderate and conservative Democrats had been defeated for reelection.[44][45][46] The Congressional Black Caucus backed Clyburn, while 30 House Democrats have supported Hoyer, and Hoyer has also raised money and campaigned for many candidates.[47][48] Hoyer received further support from outgoing Foreign Affairs Committee Chairman Howard L. Berman, Financial Services Committee Chairman Barney Frank, and outgoing Energy and Commerce Committee Chairman Henry A. Waxman[49] Pelosi intervened in the contest by supporting Hoyer as Minority Whip, while creating an "Assistant Leader" position for Clyburn which would keep him as the third-ranking Democrat in the House behind Pelosi and Hoyer (the existing "Assistant to the Leader" post formerly held by Chris Van Hollen is not officially part of the House leadership and was directly appointed by the Minority Leader).[50][51]

Hoyer and the DCCC have been criticized for picking their preferred candidates through an undemocratic process. In 2018, it was reported that Hoyer sought to alter the outcome of the primary race in Colorado's 6th congressional district. Hoyer was recorded urging progressive candidate Levi Tillemann to drop out of the race. Hoyer acknowledged that the DCCC had already identified its choice candidate and discouraged a candid discussion about his weaknesses.[52] On November 28, 2018, Hoyer was selected to return as House Majority Leader.[4][5]

Electoral history

[53][54]

Year Office Election Subject Party Votes % Opponent Party Votes % Opponent Party Votes % Opponent Party Votes %
1981 Congress, 5th district Special Steny Hoyer Democratic 42,573 55.81 Audrey Scott Republican 33,708 44.19
1982 Congress, 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 83,937 79.58 William Guthrie Republican 21,533 20.42
1984 Congress, 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 116,310 72.18 John Ritchie Republican 44,839 27.82
1986 Congress, 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 82,098 81.93 John Sellner Republican 18,102 18.07
1988 Congress, 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 128,437 78.63 John Sellner Republican 34,909 21.37
1990 Congress, 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 84,747 80.66 Lee Breuer Republican 20,314 19.34
1992 Congress, 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 113,280 55.0 Larry J. Hogan, Jr. Republican 92,636 45.0
1994 Congress, 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 98,821 58.81 Donald Devine Republican 69,211 41.19
1996 Congress, 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 121,288 56.92 John S. Morgan Republican 91,806 43.08
1998 Congress, 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 126,792 65.37 Robert Ostrom Republican 67,176 34.36
2000 Congress, 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 166,231 65.09 Thomas Hutchins Republican 89,019 34.86
2002 Congress, 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 137,903 69.27 Joseph Crawford Republican 60,758 30.52
2004 Congress, 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 204,867 68.67 Brad Jewitt Republican 87,189 29.93 Bob Auerbach Green 4,224 1.42
2006 Congress, 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 168,114 82.69 Steve Warner Green 33,464 16.46 Write Ins: P.Kuhnert and Other 635 1,110 0.86
2008 Congress, 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 253,854 73.6 Collins Bailey Republican 82,631 24.0 Darlene Nicholas Libertarian 7,829 2.3
2010 Congress, 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 143,620 64.3 Charles Lollar Republican 79,122 35.6 H. Gavin Shickle Libertarian 2,399 1.1
2012[55] Congress, 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 238,618 69.4 Tony O'Donnell Republican 95,271 27.7 Bob Auerbach Green 5,040 1.5 Arvin Vohra Libertarian 4,503 1.3
2014[56] Congress, 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 144,725 64.0 Chris Chafee Republican 80,752 35.7 Write-ins 563 0.2
2016[57] Congress, 5th district General Steny Hoyer Democratic 242,989 67.4 Mark Arness Republican 105,931 29.4 Jason Summers Libertarian 11,078 3.1 Write-ins 606 0.2

Personal life

Hoyer has three daughters, Anne, Susan, and Stefany from his marriage to Judy Pickett Hoyer, who died of cancer in February 1997.[1] In 2012, after Hoyer announced his support of same-sex marriage, his daughter Stefany Hoyer Hemmer came out as a lesbian in an interview with the Washington Blade.[58]

His wife was an advocate of early childhood education, and child development learning centers in Maryland have been named in her honor ("Judy Centers").[59] She also suffered from epilepsy, and the Epilepsy Foundation of America sponsors an annual public lecture in her name.[60] Hoyer, too, has been an advocate for research in this area, and the Epilepsy Foundation presented him in 2002 with their Congressional Leadership Award.[61]

Hoyer serves on the Board of Trustees for St. Mary's College of Maryland[8] and is a member of the board of the International Foundation for Electoral Systems, a nonprofit that supports international elections.[62] He is also an Advisory Board Member for the Center for the Study of Democracy.[63]

In July 2018, Hoyer was hospitalized at George Washington University Hospital for pneumonia.[64][65]

References

  1. ^ a b Rasmussen, Fred (February 7, 1997). "Judith Hoyer, 57, school official, congressman's wife". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved March 25, 2019.
  2. ^ a b Ferraro, Thomas; Cowan, Richard (November 16, 2006). "Corrected - Democrats defy Pelosi, elect Hoyer House leader". Toronto Star. Reuters. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
  3. ^ Alexander Mooney (November 16, 2006). "Hoyer beats out Murtha for majority leader". CNN Political Ticker. CNN. Retrieved 2006-11-16.
  4. ^ a b McPherson, Lindsey (November 28, 2018). "Steny Hoyer Elected House Majority Leader". Roll Call.
  5. ^ a b Barker, Jeff (November 28, 2018). "Democrats select Maryland's Steny Hoyer to return as U.S. House majority leader; Pelosi nominated for speaker". The Baltimore Sun.
  6. ^ Jessica Valdez. "For Hoyer, a Balancing of Roles" Archived 2006-11-14 at the Wayback Machine. The Washington Post. August 28, 2004.
  7. ^ "Steny Hoyer ancestry". Ancestry.com.
  8. ^ a b c d e f "Steny H. Hoyer (Democrat), U.S. Representative. Maryland Archives. Retrieved November 18, 2006.
  9. ^ Jonathan Weisman and Lois Romano (November 16, 2006). "Pelosi Splits Democrats With Push For Murtha". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2006-11-16.
  10. ^ "Maryland Senate, Legislative District 4, 4A, 4B, 4C". msa.maryland.gov.
  11. ^ "Our Campaigns - MD State Senate 26 Race - Nov 05, 1974". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  12. ^ a b c d Biography of Congressman Steny Hoyer Archived 2006-11-14 at the Wayback Machine. From the official website of Steny Hoyer. Retrieved November 18, 2006.
  13. ^ "Past Officers « YDA – Young Democrats of America". Young Democrats of America. Archived from the original on 5 November 2013. Retrieved 15 June 2017.
  14. ^ "Our Campaigns - MD Lt. Governor - D Primary Race - Sep 12, 1978". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  15. ^ Shailagh Murray "Political Pragmatism Carried Hoyer to the Top". The Washington Post, page A6. Friday, November 17, 2006.
  16. ^ "Our Campaigns - MD District 5 - Special D Primary Race - Apr 07, 1981". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  17. ^ "Our Campaigns - MD - District 5 - Special Election Race - May 19, 1981". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  18. ^ "Our Campaigns - MD District 5 Race - Nov 02, 1982". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  19. ^ "Our Campaigns - MD District 5 Race - Nov 03, 1992". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  20. ^ "Our Campaigns - Candidate - Steny H. Hoyer". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  21. ^ "Steny Hoyer on the Issues". On The Issues. Retrieved 2008-06-17.
  22. ^ "House Prepares to Debate New Surveillance Law". CNBC. Associated Press. June 20, 2008. Retrieved December 5, 2018.
  23. ^ Sargent, Greg. "Steny Hoyer Says Some Strong Words Against Telecom Immunity". Election Central. Talking Points Memo. Archived from the original on 2008-04-07. Retrieved 2008-06-18.
  24. ^ Bob Fertik. "Wiretapping: Impeachment Not Immunity". Democrats.com. Archived from the original on 2008-06-18. Retrieved 2008-06-17.
  25. ^ Kagro X. "Hoyer: I've lost all control". DailyKos. Retrieved 2008-06-18.
  26. ^ Glenn Greenwald. "Targeting Steny Hoyer for his contempt for the rule of law". Salon.com. Retrieved 2008-06-19.
  27. ^ Lichtblau, Eric (June 20, 2008). "Deal Reached in Congress to Rewrite Rules on Wiretapping". The New York Times. Retrieved May 24, 2010.
  28. ^ Pelosi, Nancy; Hoyer, Steny (August 10, 2009). "'Un-American' attacks can't derail health care debate". USA Today. Archived from the original on January 18, 2010. Retrieved August 23, 2010.
  29. ^ "Hoyer: Permanent middle class tax cuts too costly". WEAR-TV. Associated Press. 2010-06-22. Archived from the original on June 15, 2011. Retrieved 2010-06-22.
  30. ^ "Roll Call 541 | Bill Number: H. R. 5682". Office of the Clerk. U.S. House of Representatives. December 8, 2006. Retrieved April 27, 2018.
  31. ^ "Rep. Steny Hoyer :: newsroom". Archived from the original on 2007-07-25.
  32. ^ Weisman, Jonathan; Kane, Paul (December 8, 2007). "Hill Close To Deal on War Funds". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 24, 2010.
  33. ^ Soraghan, Mike (September 18, 2007). "Hoyer takes aim at Moran's AIPAC comment". The Hill. Retrieved September 19, 2007.
  34. ^ "House votes to rebuke UN on Israeli settlement resolution". The Hill. January 5, 2017.
  35. ^ Krieger, Hillary Leila (January 7, 2007). "Democrats: Nuclear Iran unacceptable". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved January 8, 2007.
  36. ^ "Don't Let Democrats Become the Party of War". Foreign Policy. February 4, 2019.
  37. ^ "H.R. 4120 - All Actions". Congress.gov. Library of Congress. Retrieved 30 April 2014.
  38. ^ "CBO - H.R. 4120". Congressional Budget Office. Retrieved 28 April 2014.
  39. ^ "Hoyer Is a Giver". Congressional Quarterly. July 14, 2008.
  40. ^ "Hoyer has won contested leadership races before - FoxNews.com". Fox News. November 5, 2010.
  41. ^ "CNN: Scramble is on to replace Congressional leaders". CNN. November 9, 2006. Retrieved 2006-11-09.
  42. ^ About the Majority Leader Archived 2007-01-15 at the Wayback Machine, Office of the House Democratic Majority Leader,
  43. ^ Murphy, Patricia (3 November 2010). "Nancy Pelosi Has 'No Regrets' Following Midterm Rout". The Capitolist. Politics Daily. Archived from the original on 4 November 2010.
  44. ^ Camia, Catalina (November 8, 2010). "Democrats Hoyer, Clyburn fight for leadership post". USA Today.
  45. ^ "Hire Hoyer". The Washington Post.
  46. ^ O'Connor, Patrick (November 8, 2010). "Hoyer, Clyburn: An Impromptu Leadership Fight". The Wall Street Journal.
  47. ^ "High Profile Dems Back Hoyer In Whip Race".
  48. ^ Burner, Darcy (May 25, 2011). "The Progressive Case for Steny Hoyer as Minority Whip". Huffington Post.
  49. ^ Kane, Paul (November 10, 2010). "In race for whip, Hoyer gets liberals' support". The Washington Post.
  50. ^ Rowley, James (November 13, 2010). "Pelosi Heads Off Democratic Leadership Fight, Backs Hoyer for No. 2 Post". Bloomberg.
  51. ^ "'Assistant leader' for Clyburn".
  52. ^ Fang, Lee (April 26, 2018). "SECRETLY TAPED AUDIO REVEALS DEMOCRATIC LEADERSHIP PRESSURING PROGRESSIVE TO LEAVE RACE". The Intercept. Retrieved April 26, 2018.
  53. ^ Congressional Quarterly Voting and Elections Collection Archived February 16, 2016, at the Wayback Machine
  54. ^ "MD - District 5 - Special Election Race - May 19, 1981". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2010-08-23.
  55. ^ "Official 2012 Presidential General Election results for Representative in Congress". Maryland State Board of Elections. November 28, 2012. Retrieved December 27, 2012.
  56. ^ "Official 2014 Gubernatorial General Election results for Representative in Congress". Maryland State Board of Elections. December 2, 2014. Retrieved October 18, 2015.
  57. ^ "Official 2016 Presidential General Election results for Representative in Congress". Maryland State Board of Elections. December 9, 2016. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
  58. ^ Pershing, Ben (June 6, 2012). "Steny Hoyer's daughter comes out as a lesbian". The Washington Post.
  59. ^ "The Judy Center website". Archived from the original on March 1, 2007. Retrieved November 18, 2006.
  60. ^ "Epilepsy Foundation announcement of Judith Hoyer lectureship program". Epilepsy Foundation. January 28, 2002. Archived from the original on October 28, 2007. Retrieved November 18, 2006.
  61. ^ "Epilepsy Foundation Recognizes the Honorable Steny H. Hoyer For Longstanding Support". Epilepsy Foundation. March 26, 2002. Archived from the original on December 14, 2007. Retrieved November 18, 2006.
  62. ^ "Board". International Foundation for Electoral Systems. 2018. Retrieved July 5, 2018.
  63. ^ "Advisory Board - Center for the Study of Democracy". Center for the Study of Democracy. Archived from the original on April 27, 2018. Retrieved July 6, 2017.
  64. ^ Ehrlich, Jamie (July 4, 2018). "Steny Hoyer admitted to hospital, diagnosed with pneumonia". CNN. Retrieved July 5, 2018.
  65. ^ Schwartzman, Paul (July 4, 2018). "Maryland Rep. Steny Hoyer Hospitalized with Pneumonia". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 5, 2018.

External links

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Gladys Spellman
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maryland's 5th congressional district

1981–present
Incumbent
Preceded by
Al D'Amato
Chair of the Joint Helsinki Commission
1987–1989
Succeeded by
Dennis DeConcini
Preceded by
Dennis DeConcini
Chair of the Joint Helsinki Commission
1991–1993
Preceded by
Nancy Pelosi
House Minority Whip
2003–2007
Succeeded by
Roy Blunt
Preceded by
John Boehner
House Majority Leader
2007–2011
Succeeded by
Eric Cantor
Preceded by
Eric Cantor
House Minority Whip
2011–2019
Succeeded by
Steve Scalise
Preceded by
Kevin McCarthy
House Majority Leader
2019–present
Incumbent
Party political offices
Preceded by
Mary Rose Oakar
Vice Chair of the House Democratic Conference
1989
Succeeded by
Vic Fazio
Preceded by
William Gray
Chair of the House Democratic Conference
1989–1995
U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Chris Smith
United States Representatives by seniority
5th
Succeeded by
Marcy Kaptur
2006 United States House of Representatives Democratic Caucus leadership election

A leadership election was held by the United States House of Representatives Democratic Caucus on November 17, 2006. The election determined who would be nominated by the caucus for Speaker of the House as well as who would occupy other leadership positions within the House Democratic Caucus in the 110th United States Congress. The following positions were nominated or elected on November 29: Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives, House Majority Leader, House Majority Whip, House Assistant Majority Leader, Democratic Caucus Chair, and Democratic Caucus vice-Chair.

2012 United States House of Representatives elections in Maryland

The 2012 United States House of Representatives elections in Maryland were held on Tuesday, November 6, 2012 to elect the eight U.S. Representatives from the state of Maryland, one from each of the state's eight congressional districts. The elections coincided with the elections of other federal and state offices, including the quadrennial presidential election and an election to the U.S. Senate.

The new congressional map, drawn and passed by the Democratic-controlled Maryland General Assembly, was signed into law by Governor Martin O'Malley on October 20, 2011. The map made the 6th district, at that time represented by Republican Roscoe Bartlett, much more favorable to Democrats.

2014 United States House of Representatives election in the Northern Mariana Islands

The 2014 Congressional election in the Northern Mariana Islands was held on November 4, 2014, to elect the territory's sole Delegate to the United States House of Representatives. Representatives and non-voting Delegates are elected for two-year terms. Incumbent Delegate Gregorio Sablan, who has held the seat since its creation in 2009, was re-elected.The election coincided with the nationwide United States House of Representatives elections.

2014 United States House of Representatives elections in Maryland

The 2014 United States House of Representatives elections in Maryland were held on Tuesday, November 4, 2014 to elect the eight U.S. Representatives from the state of Maryland, one from each of the state's eight congressional districts. The elections coincided with other elections to the United States Senate and House of Representatives and various state and local elections, including the Governor of Maryland, Attorney General of Maryland and Comptroller of Maryland.

2018 United States House of Representatives Democratic Caucus leadership election

A leadership election was held by the United States House of Representatives Democratic Caucus before the beginning of the 116th United States Congress on January 3, 2019. The election determined who will be nominated by the caucus for the speakership election as well as who would occupy other leadership positions within the House Democratic Caucus. The following positions were nominated or elected on November 29: Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives, House Majority Leader, House Majority Whip, House Assistant Majority Leader, Democratic Caucus Chair, and Democratic Caucus Vice Chair. The Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee Chair, the Policy and Communications Committee's Chair and its three Co-Chairs, Junior Caucus Representative and Freshman Class Representative were elected the next day, and a third co-chair was added to the Steering and Policy Committee by the Leader.

2020 United States House of Representatives elections in Maryland

The 2020 United States House of Representatives elections in Maryland will be held on November 3, 2020, to elect the eight U.S. Representatives from the state of Maryland, one from each of the state's eight congressional districts. The elections will coincide with the 2020 U.S. presidential election, as well as other elections to the House of Representatives, elections to the United States Senate and various state and local elections.

Automobile Dealer Economic Rights Restoration Act

The Automobile Dealer Economic Rights Restoration Act (ADERRA), House Bill HR2743 and Senate Bill S1304, were introduced in the 111th United States Congress to restore the economic rights of car dealers.

Congressman Frank Kratovil (D-MD) and Congressman Dan Maffei (D-NY) introduced H.R.2743 with Majority Leader Steny Hoyer (D-MD).

Boy Wonder

Boy Wonder may refer to:

The Boy Wonder or Robin, Batman's sidekick

Boy Wonder (novel), a 1988 novel by James Robert Baker

Boy Wonder (film), a 2010 film starring Caleb Steinmeyer

Boy Wonder (album), a compilation album by Lenny Breau

Boy Wonder (producer) (born 1978), music producer, musician, and filmmaker

Joel Selwood or Boy Wonder, Australian rules footballer

Jim Christiana, a Pennsylvania state legislator

Boy Wonder, the earlier name of the boy band Dream Street

Boy wonder, a Jewish gangster in The Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz

Steny Hoyer, a Maryland Congressman

Charles Lollar

Charles Lollar (born June 22, 1971) is an American businessman and Republican Party politician. A former Marine Corps officer, he was the Republican nominee for Maryland's 5th congressional district in 2010, losing to Democratic incumbent Steny Hoyer. After coming third in the Republican primary for Governor of Maryland in the 2014 election, he ran for the Charles County Board of Commissioners, losing to Democratic Commissioner Ken Robinson.

Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe

The Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE), also known as the U.S. Helsinki Commission, is an independent U.S. government agency created by Congress in 1975 to monitor and encourage compliance with the Helsinki Final Act and other Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) commitments. It was initiated by House representative Millicent Fenwick and established in 1975 pursuant to Public Law No. 94-304 and is based at the Ford House Office Building.

The Commission consists of nine members from the U.S. House of Representatives, nine members from the United States Senate, and one member each from the Departments of State, Defense, and Commerce. The positions of Chairman and Co-Chairman are shared by the House and Senate and rotate every two years, when a new Congress convenes. A professional staff assists the Commissioners in their work.

The Commission contributes to the formulation of U.S. policy toward the OSCE and the participating states and takes part in its execution, including through Member and staff participation on official U.S. delegations to OSCE meetings and in certain OSCE bodies. Members of the Commission have regular contact with parliamentarians, government officials, NGOs, and private individuals from other OSCE participating states.

The Commission convenes public hearings and briefings with expert witnesses on OSCE-related issues; issues public reports concerning implementation of OSCE commitments in participating States; publishes a periodic Digest with up-to-date information on OSCE developments and Commission activities; and organizes official delegations to participating States and OSCE meetings to address and assess democratic, economic, and human rights developments firsthand.

In February 2018, the CSCE convened in Washington, DC to address the issue of Russian doping in international sport. Central to the discussion was an exploration of the need to protect whistle-blowers. The meeting included testimony from Jim Walden, attorney for Dr. Grigory Rodchenkov, the former head of Russia's anti-doping laboratory.

Forestville, Maryland

Forestville is an unincorporated area and census-designated place (CDP) in Prince George's County, Maryland, United States. The population was 12,353 at the 2010 census. The community is a mixture of garden apartments, single-family homes, and shopping centers built mostly from the 1930s through 1970s, adjacent to the communities of District Heights, Suitland, Morningside, Westphalia, and Camp Springs. Forestville is located within very close proximity to the town of Upper Marlboro, where many Prince George's County Board Offices are located. Additionally, Forestville is located right next to the Joint Base Andrews/ Andrews Air Force Base. The neighborhood has a majority African-American population. It is convenient to the Capital Beltway (I-95/I-495), Maryland Route 4 (which has department stores and shopping centers), speaking of which Forestville's Penn Mar Shopping Center is located, and for employees of Andrews Air Force Base and the U.S. Census Bureau. Forestville is located within close proximity to two Metrorail Stations; the Addison Road Metro Station, served by WMATA's Blue Line and the Suitland Metro Station, served by WMATA's Green Line. A notable former resident was Steny Hoyer, now Democratic Leader of the United States House of Representatives.

John Berry (administrator)

Morrell John Berry (born February 10, 1959) is an American former government official who was named President of the American Australian Association in 2016. Berry was director of the United States Office of Personnel Management from 2009 to 2013 and United States Ambassador to Australia from 2013 to 2016.

Berry was born in Montgomery County, Maryland, to parents who worked for the federal government. He completed degrees at the University of Maryland, College Park and Syracuse University and worked in local government and as a legislative aide in state government from 1982 to 1985. From 1985 to 1994, he worked as legislative director for U.S. Representative Steny Hoyer. He held posts in the U.S. Treasury Department, the Smithsonian Institution, and the U.S. Department of the Interior until 2000, and worked as director of the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation and the National Zoological Park until 2009, when he was nominated by President Barack Obama as director of the United States Office of Personnel Management. Berry took office after being confirmed by the United States Senate in April 2009. In June 2013, President Obama nominated Berry to replace Jeff Bleich as U.S. Ambassador to Australia. He was confirmed by unanimous consent of the U.S. Senate in August 2013.

John S. Morgan

John S. Morgan was a member of the Maryland House of Delegates, representing District 13B, which covered portions of Prince George's County & Howard County Maryland. Along with fellow Republican Martin G. Madden, he helped unseat incumbent Democrat William C. Bevan from office. In 1998, he was defeated by Democrat John A. Giannetti Jr.. It was the second time he had faced Giannetti in the general election, the first time being in 1994 when he handily defeated him.

Morgan also ran for United State Congress in 1996 against incumbent Steny Hoyer, but was defeated by 14 percentage points.

Lothian, Maryland

Lothian is an unincorporated community in Anne Arundel County, Maryland, United States., 12 miles southwest of Annapolis, Maryland, 24 miles east of Washington, DC, and 31 miles south of Baltimore, Maryland. As of the 2010 Census, the population was 6,643 people.

Public Schools: Lothian Elementary, Southern Middle, and Southern Senior.

Members of Congress: U.S. Senators Chris Van Hollen and Ben Cardin; U.S. Representative Steny Hoyer (D-Md.-5th District).

State Representatives: State Representative Robert A. Costa (Maryland House of Delegates District 33B) (see Map of District 33B); Md State Senator Edward R. Reilly.

Maryland's 5th congressional district

Maryland's 5th congressional district comprises all of Charles, St. Mary's, and Calvert counties, as well as portions of Prince George's and Anne Arundel counties. The district is currently represented by Democrat Steny Hoyer, the current House Majority Leader.

Sudafi Henry

Sudafi S. Henry is the former Director of Legislative Affairs for Joe Biden, the Vice President of the United States.Henry was previously Counsel and Senior Policy Advisor for House Majority Leader Steny Hoyer (D-MD), working closely with Congress, leadership staff and committee staff on crafting and winning passage of critical legislation, with a particular focus on trade, telecommunications, economic matters and responses to the current financial crisis. Henry has also served as a liaison for Rep. Hoyer to policy experts, business leaders, and constituency group leaders on pending legislation. Henry has more than 10 years of experience on Capitol Hill, including his work for Reps. Major Owens (D-NY) and Emanuel Cleaver (D-MO) as the Legislative Director for both Members. A native of Los Angeles, California, Henry received a B.A. from the University of Maryland at College Park and a J.D. from George Washington University Law School, and is a member of the Maryland bar.

United States House Select Committee on the Climate Crisis

The House Select Committee on the Climate Crisis is a select committee established in the 116th United States Congress in 2019 when Democrats regained the majority of the United States House of Representatives. The Chair is Congresswoman Kathy Castor of Florida. The committee has no mandate or subpoena power to compel witnesses to testify.Its predecessor was the United States House Select Committee on Energy Independence and Global Warming, which existed from 2007 to 2011, and was not renewed when the Republicans gained control of the House for the 112th Congress.Nancy Pelosi, in her then-role as House Minority Leader, called for the Select Committee a week prior to Election Day, telling the New York Times she wanted it to "'prepare the way with evidence' for energy conservation and other climate change mitigation legislation...Pelosi said it was clearly still needed to educate the public about the impact of more frequent extreme weather events." In November and December of 2018, youth climate activists with the Sunrise Movement pushed House Democrats to form a select committee with the mandate to draft "Green New Deal" legislation, working with incoming freshman Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, who proposed language for the committee's authorization. The activists staged a series of sit-ins in the offices of Nancy Pelosi, Steny Hoyer, and Jim McGovern, the incoming Speaker, Majority Leader, and Rules Committee chair. About two dozen Democratic members of Congress supported their proposal, but the incoming chairs of the Energy & Commerce and Natural Resources Committees, Reps. Frank Pallone and Raul Grijalva, opposed it.

Veterans History Project

The Veterans History Project of the Library of Congress American Folklife Center (commonly known as the Veterans History Project) was created by the United States Congress in 2000 to collect and preserve the firsthand remembrances of U.S. wartime veterans. Its mandate ensures future generations may hear directly from those who served to better understand the realities of war.

The program is conducted through Congressional offices and relies on a national network of veteran service organizations, universities, secondary schools, community groups and the general public to record interviews according to program guidelines. These and original letters, diaries, photos, memoirs and historic documents related to a veteran's wartime service are then preserved at the Library of Congress. Through 2010 the project held more than 65,000 collections and was considered the largest oral history program of its kind in the nation. It serves as an important resource for scholars, historians, students and the general public.

The Veterans History Project authorizing legislation (Public Law 106-380) was sponsored by Representatives Ron Kind, Amo Houghton, and Steny Hoyer in the U.S. House of Representatives and Senators Max Cleland and Chuck Hagel in the U.S. Senate. It received unanimous support and was signed into law by President Bill Clinton on October 27, 2000.

Vic Fazio

Victor Herbert Fazio Jr. (born October 11, 1942) is a former Democratic congressman from California.

Senators
Representatives
(ordered by district)
Other states' delegations
Non-voting delegations
Majority party
Minority party
Maryland's delegation(s) to the 97th–116th United States Congresses (ordered by seniority)
97th Senate: C. MathiasP. Sarbanes House: C. LongP. MitchellM. HoltG. Spellman (until Feb. 1981)B. MikulskiM. BarnesB. ByronR. Dyson • S. Hoyer (from May 1981)
98th Senate: C.MathiasP. Sarbanes House: C. LongP. MitchellM. HoltB. MikulskiM. BarnesB. ByronR. Dyson • S. Hoyer
99th Senate: C. MathiasP. Sarbanes House: P. MitchellM. HoltB. MikulskiM. BarnesB. ByronR. Dyson • S. Hoyer • H.D. Bentley
100th Senate: P. SarbanesB Mikulski House: B. ByronR. Dyson • S. Hoyer • H.D. BentleyB. CardinT. McMillenK. MfumeC. Morella
101st Senate: P. SarbanesB. Mikulski House: B. ByronR. Dyson • S. Hoyer • H.D. BentleyB. CardinT. McMillenK. MfumeC. Morella
102nd Senate: P. SarbanesB. Mikulski House: B. Byron • S. Hoyer • H.D. BentleyB. CardinT. McMillenK. MfumeC. MorellaW. Gilchrest
103rd Senate: P. SarbanesB. Mikulski House: S. Hoyer • H.D. BentleyB. CardinK. MfumeC. MorellaW. GilchrestR. BartlettA. Wynn
104th Senate: P. SarbanesB. Mikulski House: S. Hoyer • B. CardinK. Mfume (until Feb. 1996)C. MorellaW. GilchrestR. BartlettA. WynnB. EhrlichE. Cummings (from Apr. 1996)
105th Senate: P. SarbanesB. Mikulski House: S. Hoyer • B. CardinC. MorellaW. GilchrestR. BartlettA. WynnB. EhrlichE. Cummings
106th Senate: P. SarbanesB. Mikulski House: S. Hoyer • B. CardinC. MorellaW. GilchrestR. BartlettA. WynnB. EhrlichE. Cummings
107th Senate: P. SarbanesB. Mikulski House: S. Hoyer • B. CardinC. MorellaW. GilchrestR. BartlettA. WynnB. EhrlichE. Cummings
108th Senate: P. SarbanesB. Mikulski House: S. Hoyer • B. CardinW. GilchrestR. BartlettA. WynnE. CummingsD. RuppersbergerC. Van Hollen
109th Senate: P. SarbanesB. Mikulski House: S. Hoyer • B. CardinW. GilchrestR. BartlettA. WynnE. CummingsD. RuppersbergerC. Van Hollen
110th Senate: B. MikulskiB. Cardin House: S. Hoyer • W. GilchrestR. BartlettA. Wynn (until May 2008)E. CummingsD. RuppersbergerC. Van HollenJ. SarbanesD. Edwards (from Jun. 2008)
111th Senate: B. MikulskiB. Cardin House: S. Hoyer • R. BartlettE. CummingsD. RuppersbergerC. Van HollenJ. SarbanesD. EdwardsF. Kratovil
112th Senate: B. MikulskiB. Cardin House: S. Hoyer • R. BartlettE. CummingsD. RuppersbergerC. Van HollenJ. SarbanesD. EdwardsA. Harris
113th Senate: B. MikulskiB. Cardin House: S. Hoyer • E. CummingsD. RuppersbergerC. Van HollenJ. SarbanesD. EdwardsA. HarrisJ. Delaney
114th Senate: B. MikulskiB. Cardin House: S. Hoyer • E. CummingsD. RuppersbergerC. Van HollenJ. SarbanesD. EdwardsA. HarrisJ. Delaney
115th Senate: B. CardinC. Van Hollen House: S. Hoyer • E. CummingsD. RuppersbergerJ. SarbanesA. HarrisJ. DelaneyA. BrownJ. Raskin
116th Senate: B. CardinC. Van Hollen House: S. Hoyer • E. CummingsD. RuppersbergerJ. SarbanesA. HarrisA. BrownJ. RaskinD. Trone

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