Stenoplesictidae

Stenoplesictidae is the name of a family of extinct civet-like animals, such as Stenoplesictis.

Stenoplesictidae
Temporal range: Eocene–Middle Miocene
Fossil
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Suborder: Feliformia
Family: Stenoplesictidae
Schlosser, 1923

Taxonomy

  • Subfamily Stenoplesictinae
    • Genus Shandgolictis (Hunt, 1998)
      • Shandgolictis elegans (Hunt, 1998)
    • Genus Asiavorator (Spassov & Lange-Badré, 1995)
      • Asiavorator gracilis Matthew & Granger, 1924
    • Genus Moghradictis (Morlo, Miller & El-Barkooky, 2007)
      • Moghradictis nedjema (Morlo et al., 2007) [Lower Miocene, Wadi Moghra, Egypt]
    • Genus Africanictis (Morales, Pickford, Soria & Fraile, 1998) (also assigned to Percrocutidae)
      • Africanictis meini (Morales et al., 1998) [Middle Miocene, Africa]
      • Africanictis schmidtkittleri (Morales et al., 1998) [Middle Miocene, Africa]
    • Genus Mioprionodon (Schmidt-Kittler, 1987)
      • Mioprionodon pickfordi (Schmidt-Kittler, 1987)
    • Genus Stenoplesictis (Filhol, 1880)
      • Stenoplesictis muhoronii (Schmidt-Kittler, 1987)
      • Stenoplesictis cayluxi [Oligoceno Inferior, Quercy, Francia]
      • Stenoplesictis minor [Oligoceno Inferior, Quercy, Francia]
      • Stenoplesictis crocheti
      • Stenoplesictis indigenus (Dashzeveg, 1996) [Mongolia]
    • Genus Palaeoprionodon (Filhol, 1880)
      • Palaeoprionodon lamandini (Filhol, 1880) [Lower Oligocene, Quercy, France]
    • Genus Anictis (Kretzoi, 1945)
      • Anictis simplicidens (Schlosser, 1890) [Lower Oligocene, Quercy, France]
    • Genus Haplogale
      • Haplogale media (Filhol, 1882) [Lower Oligocene, Quercy, France]
    • Genus Viretictis (Bonis, Peigné & M. Hugueney, 1999)
    • Viretictis sp. [Upper Oligocene, Coderet-Bransat, France]
  • Subfamily Proailurinae
    • Genus Stenogale (Schlosser, 1888)
      • Stenogale julieni [Lower Miocene, Aquitanian, Saint-Gérand, France]
      • Stenogale intermedia [Lower Oligocene, Quercy, France]
      • Stenogale bransatensis [Upper Oligocene, Coderet-Bransat, France]
      • Stenogale aurelianensis [Lower Miocene, France]
    • Genus Proailurus (Filhol, 1879) (also assigned to Felidae)
      • Proailurus lemanensis (Filhol, 1879) [Lower Oligocene, Quercy, France; Upper Oligocene, Coderet-Bransat, France]
      • Proailurus gracilis (Filhol, 1877) [=Stenogale gracilis] [Lower Oligocene, Quercy, France]
      • Proailurus brevidens (=Stenogale brevidens)

References

  • Morlo M. & Nagel D. (2007). The carnivore guild of the Taatsiin Gol area: Hyaenodontidae (Creodonta), Carnivora, and Didymoconida from the Oligocene of Central Mongolia. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums Wien 108A: 217-231.
  • Morlo M., Miller E. R. & El-Barkooky A. N. (2007). Creodonta and Carnivora from Wadi Moghra, Egypt. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 27(1): 145-159.
  • de Bonis, L., S. Peigne, & M. Hugueney (1999) - Carnivores feloides de l'Oligocene superieur de Coderet-Bransat (Allier, France). Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France 1999 170: 939-949.
  • Morales, J., Pickford, M., Salesa, M. & Soria, D., 2000. The systematic status of Kelba, Savage, 1965, Kenyalutra, Schmidt-Kittler, 1987 and Ndamathaia, Jacobs et al., 1987, (Viverridae, Mammalia) and a review of Early Miocene mongoose-like carnivores of Africa. Annales de Paléontologie: Vol. 86, #4, pp. 243–251.
  • Hunt, R. M., Jr (1998) - Evolution of the aeluroid Carnivora. Diversity of the earliest aeluroids from Eurasia (Quercy, Hsanda-Gol) and the origin of felids. American Museum Novitates; no. 3252 (PDF)
Anictis

Anictis is an extinct species of carnivorous cat-like mammal belonging to the superfamily Aeluroidea, endemic to Europe living from the Oligocene 33.9—28.4 Ma, existing for approximately 5.4 million years.Anictis is shown to have an omnivorous diet or more precisely, hypercarnivorous to mesocarnivorous.

Asiavorator

Asiavorator is an extinct genus of carnivorous, cat-like civet endemic to Asia in the Oligocene.The teeth of Asiavorator suggest that the beasts were omnivorous or more precisely, ranged from hypercarnivorous to mesocarnivorous.

Carnivora

Carnivora (; from Latin carō (stem carn-) "flesh" and vorāre "to devour") is a diverse scrotiferan order that includes over 280 species of placental mammals. Its members are formally referred to as carnivorans, whereas the word "carnivore" (often popularly applied to members of this group) can refer to any meat-eating organism. Carnivorans are the most diverse in size of any mammalian order, ranging from the least weasel (Mustela nivalis), at as little as 25 g (0.88 oz) and 11 cm (4.3 in), to the polar bear (Ursus maritimus), which can weigh up to 1,000 kg (2,200 lb), to the southern elephant seal (Mirounga leonina), whose adult males weigh up to 5,000 kg (11,000 lb) and measure up to 6.7 m (22 ft) in length.

Carnivorans have teeth and claws adapted for catching and eating other animals. Many hunt in packs and are social animals, giving them an advantage over larger prey. Some carnivorans, such as cats and pinnipeds, depend entirely on meat for their nutrition. Others, such as raccoons and bears, are more omnivorous, depending on the habitat. The giant panda is largely a herbivore, but also feeds on fish, eggs and insects. The polar bear subsists mainly on seals.

Carnivorans are split into two suborders: Feliformia ("catlike") and Caniformia ("doglike").

Feliformia

Feliformia (also Feloidea) is a suborder within the order Carnivora consisting of "cat-like" carnivorans, including cats (large and small), hyenas, mongooses, civets, and related taxa. Feliformia stands in contrast to the other suborder of Carnivora, Caniformia ("dog-like" carnivorans).

The separation of the Carnivora into the broad groups of feliforms and caniforms is widely accepted, as is the definition of Feliformia and Caniformia as suborders (sometimes superfamilies). The classification of feliforms as part of the Feliformia suborder or under separate groupings continues to evolve.

Systematic classifications dealing with only extant taxa include all feliforms into the Feliformia suborder, though variations exist in the definition and grouping of families and genera. Indeed, molecular phylogenies suggest that all extant Feliformia are monophyletic.The extant families as reflected in the taxa chart at right and the discussions in this article reflect the most contemporary and well-supported views (as at the time of writing this article).

Systematic classifications dealing with both extant and extinct taxa vary more widely. Some separate the feliforms (extant and extinct) as: Aeluroidea (superfamily) and Feliformia (suborder). Others include all feliforms (extant, extinct and "possible ancestors") into the Feliformia suborder. Some studies suggest this inclusion of "possible ancestors" into Feliformia (or even Carnivora) may be spurious. The extinct (†) families as reflected in the taxa chart are the least problematic in terms of their relationship with extant feliforms (with the most problematic being Nimravidae).

List of prehistoric mammals

This is an incomplete list of prehistoric mammals. It does not include extant mammals or recently extinct mammals. For extinct primate species, see: list of fossil primates.

Moghradictis

Moghradictis is an extinct species of carnivorous cat-like mammals belonging to the superfamily Aeluroidea, endemic to North Africa from the Miocene 23.03—15.97 Ma, existing for approximately 7.06 million years.Moghradictis is shown to have an omnivorous diet or more precisely, hypercarnivorous to mesocarnivorous.

Percrocutidae

Percrocutidae is an extinct family of hyena-like feliform carnivores endemic to Asia, Africa, and Southern Europe from the Miocene through the Pliocene, existing for about 17.41 million years.

The first percrocutids are known from the middle Miocene of Europe and western Asia and belonged to the genus Percrocuta. Percrocuta already had large premolars, but did not carry such a massive bite as the later form Dinocrocuta, from the later Miocene. Originally, these carnivores were placed with the hyenas in the family Hyaenidae. Today, most scientists consider the Percrocutidae to be a distinct family — although usually as sister-taxa/immediate outgroup to Hyaenidae. Sometimes it is placed with carnivoran genera, such as Stenoplesictis, into the family Stenoplesictidae.

Stenoplesictis

Stenoplesictis is an extinct genus of carnivorous cat-like mammals belonging to the superfamily Aeluroidea, endemic to Europe from the Oligocene 33.9—28.4 Ma, existing for about 5.5 million years.Stenoplesictis is shown to have an omnivorous diet or more precisely, hypercarnivorous to mesocarnivorous.

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