Steering-wheel lock

A steering-wheel lock is a visible theft-deterrent system[1]/anti-theft device[2] that, as the name implies, immobilizes the steering wheel of a car. Mayhew et al. (1976) suggested that such a device reduced the probability of a car being stolen.[3]

Also known as a crook lock,[4] or club lock,[5] the first generation of steering-wheel locks, known as canes,[6] consisted of a lockable bar that connected the steering wheel to the brake pedal or clutch pedal. Later models include devices which are even more visible as they lock across the steering wheel and extend out over the dashboard[2] to prevent the steering wheel being turned.[6]

Wheel-locks have been used since at least the early 1920s,[1] when many cars were open touring cars, roadsters or what would later be known as convertibles. The Official Gazette of the United States Patent Office published details of patents filed in 1916.[7][8]

See also


  1. ^ a b Seelhorst, Mary: "Think It's New? Think Again!" March 2002. Popular Mechanics, Retrieved 8 February 2017.
  2. ^ a b Phillips, Bill (1993). Home Mechanix Guide to Security: Protecting Your Home, Car, & Family, p. 124. Wiley. Google Books. Retrieved 8 February 2017.
  3. ^ Argyle, Michael; Adrian Furnham, Jean Ann Graham (1981). Mayhew et al. 1976, Crime as Opportunity, Home Office Research Study, no. 34, HMSO, London. Cited in Social Situations. p. 358. Cambridge University Press. Google Books. Retrieved 8 February 2017.
  4. ^ New York, p. 100. 2 Abr 1979,Vol. 12,N.º 14 ISSN 0028-7369. New York Media. Google Books. Retrieved 8 February 2017.
  5. ^ Heloise Around the House: 2,647 Household Problems Solved from Basement to Attic, p. 27. Rodale. Google Books. Retrieved 8 February 2017.
  6. ^ a b Raven, Greg & Chad Erickson (2011). Water-Cooled VW Performance Handbook: 3rd Edition, p. 192. MBI Publishing Company. Google Books. Retrieved 8 February 2017.
  7. ^ United States Patent Office (1917). Official Gazette of the United States Patent Office. United States Patent Office. Google Books. Retrieved 8 February 2017.
  8. ^ Official Gazette of the United States Patent Office, p. 345. United States Patent Office. Google Books. Retrieved 8 February 2017.
Cadillac Escalade

The Cadillac Escalade is a full-size luxury SUV engineered and manufactured by Cadillac. It was Cadillac's first major entry into the SUV market. The Escalade was introduced for the 1999 model year in response to competition from the Mercedes-Benz ML-Class and Lexus LX and to Ford's 1998 release of the Lincoln Navigator. The Escalade project went into production only ten months after it was approved. The Escalade is built in Arlington, Texas. The word "escalade" refers to a siege warfare tactic of scaling defensive walls or ramparts with the aid of ladders or siege towers.

The 1999 Escalade was nearly identical to the 1999 GMC Yukon Denali, but was redesigned for the 2002 model year to make its appearance fall more in line with Cadillac's "art and science" design theme. Escalade production was skipped for the 2001 model year. The Escalade ESV (based on the Chevrolet Suburban) and its former sibling the Escalade EXT (based on the Avalanche sport utility truck) were made in Silao, Mexico, before the 2007 redesign; the new Escalade ESV is sourced from Arlington, Texas.

As of 2015, the Cadillac Escalade is available in every country that Cadillac is available in. The Escalade ESV version is available in the United States, Canada, Mexico, Russia and the Middle East. It is Cadillac's largest luxury oriented, passenger- and load-carrying vehicle, which was a niche previously filled by the Cadillac Commercial Chassis.

Car key

A car key or an automobile key is a key used to open and/or start an automobile. Modern key designs are usually symmetrical, and some use grooves on both sides, rather than a cut edge, to actuate the lock. It has multiple uses for the automobile with which it was sold. A car key can open the doors, as well as start the ignition, open the glove compartment and also open the trunk (boot) of the car. Some cars come with an additional key known as a valet key that starts the ignition and opens the driver's side door, but prevents the valet from gaining access to valuables that are located in the trunk or the glove box. Some valet keys, particularly those to high-performance vehicles, go so far as to restrict the engine's power output to prevent joyriding. Recently, features such as coded immobilizers have been implemented in newer vehicles. More sophisticated systems make ignition dependent on electronic devices, rather than the mechanical keyswitch. A number of these systems, such as KeeLoq and Megamos Crypto have been demonstrated to be weak and vulnerable to cryptanalytic attacks.Ignition switches or locks are combined with security locking of the steering column (in many modern vehicles) or the gear lever (such as in Saab Automobile vehicles). In the latter, the switch is between the seats, preventing damage to the driver's knee in the event of a collision.

Keyless entry systems, which use either a door-mounted keypad or a remote control in place of a car key, have become a standard feature on most new cars. Some of them are handsfree.

Some high-tech automotive keys are billed as theft deterrents. Mercedes-Benz uses a key that, rather than have a cut metal piece to start the car, uses an encoded infrared beam that communicates with the car's computer. If the codes match, the car can be started. These keys can be expensive to replace if lost and can cost up to US $400.

A switchblade key is basically the same as any other car key, except in appearance. The switchblade key is designed to fold away inside the fob when it is not being used. Switchblade keys have become very popular recently because of their smart compact look. These type of keys are also commonly referred as Flip Keys. Because switchblade keys are only developed for new car models, they are usually equipped with a programmed transponder chip.

Chevrolet Malibu

The Chevrolet Malibu is a mid-size car manufactured and marketed by Chevrolet from 1964 to 1983 and since 1997. The Malibu began as a trim-level of the Chevrolet Chevelle, becoming its own model line in 1978. Originally a rear-wheel-drive intermediate, GM revived the Malibu nameplate as a front-wheel-drive car in 1997.

Named after coastal community of Malibu, California, the Malibu was marketed primarily in North America, with the eighth generation introduced globally.

Cop Land

Cop Land is a 1997 American neo-noir crime drama film written and directed by James Mangold, and starring Sylvester Stallone, Harvey Keitel, Ray Liotta, and Robert De Niro. The supporting cast features Peter Berg, Janeane Garofalo, Robert Patrick, Michael Rapaport, Annabella Sciorra, Cathy Moriarty, Arthur Nascarella, and John Spencer. The story follows a sheriff (Stallone) in a small New Jersey town inhabited and dominated by corrupt New York City cops. Their corruption grows until he can no longer allow himself to stand by and do nothing.

Motor vehicle theft

Motor vehicle theft, also known as car theft or in the United States as grand theft auto, is the criminal act of stealing or attempting to steal a motor vehicle. Nationwide in the United States in 2012, there were an estimated 721,053 motor vehicle thefts, or approximately 229.7 motor vehicles stolen for every 100,000 inhabitants. Property losses due to motor vehicle theft in 2012 were estimated at $4.3 billion.

Richard Osman's House of Games

Richard Osman's House of Games is a British quiz show produced by Endemol Shine UK for the BBC, hosted by Richard Osman.

The show is played on a weekly basis, with four celebrities playing on five consecutive days to win not only daily prizes, but the weekly prize of being crowned as "House of Games" champion. Points are accrued depending on where each celebrity finishes on each day, and the points are doubled on Friday's show.

On 21 November 2017, it was recommissioned for a second series of 50 episodes.On 11 January 2019, it was recommissioned for a third series consisting of 100 episodes, double that of series 2.

Royal Automobile Association

The Royal Automobile Association (RAA) of South Australia is a South Australian automobile club providing a range of member services including: 24-hour emergency breakdown, vehicle inspection, motoring advocacy, road safety, motoring road rules information service, technical advice, travel services, security, tour planning, accommodation booking and also a subsidiary insurance company.

RAA services operate on a break-even basis and the organisation looks to generate a profit through its commercial and investment activities.RAA began as The Automobile and Motor Cycling Club of South Australia in 1903, and by 1904 had amended its name by deleting the words ‘Motor Cycling’. In 1911 the club was reconstituted as an association, and in 1928 received its Royal patronage. In 1959 the association changed its logo from AA of SA to RAA.The head office of the Royal Automobile Association is located at the north-eastern corner of the South Road-Richmond Road intersection, in the Adelaide suburb of Mile End South. Originally, the head office was located in Hindmarsh Square in the Adelaide central business district. RAA has branch offices located throughout the Adelaide metropolitan area, as well as in South Australian regional centres.

The Club (automotive)

The Club is the trademark version of a popular automotive steering-wheel lock, produced by Sharon, Pennsylvania-based Winner International. The company was formed in 1986 for the purpose of marketing the device. The inventor, James E. Winner Jr., derived the idea for the device from his service in the Korean War, where he and his fellow soldiers were instructed to secure the steering wheels of their vehicles with metal chains.

Wheel clamp

A wheel clamp, also known as wheel boot, parking boot, or Denver boot, is a device that is designed to prevent motor vehicles from being moved. In its most common form, it consists of a clamp that surrounds a vehicle wheel, designed to prevent removal of both itself and the wheel.

In the United States, the device became known as a "Denver boot" after the city of Denver, Colorado, which was the first place in the country to employ them, mostly to force the payment of outstanding parking tickets.While primarily associated with law enforcement and parking violations, a variety of wheel clamps are now available to consumers as theft deterrent devices for personal use as an alternative to the steering-wheel lock.


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