Statue menhir

A statue menhir is a type of carved standing stone created during the later European Neolithic.

The statues consist of a vertical slab or pillar with a stylised design of a human figure cut into it, sometimes with hints of clothing or weapons visible.

Estàtua-menhir del Pla de les Pruneres (Mollet)
La estatua-menhir del Pla de les Pruneres (Mollet del Vallès). Complutum, 2011, Vol. 22 (1): 71-87. Universidad Complutense de Madrid. Madrid.

Locations

They are most commonly found in southern and western France, Catalonia,[1] Corsica, Sardinia, Italy and the Alps. A group from the Iron Age also is known in Liguria and Lunigiana.

There are two in Guernsey,[2] La Gran' Mère du Chimquière ('the Grandmother of the Cemetery'), a highly detailed example in the churchyard of Parish of Saint Martin, and another known simply as La Gran' Mère in the Parish of Castel. The latter is an earlier, less detailed example found buried underneath the porch of the parish church.

La Dame de Saint-Sernin

Statue-menhir la Dame de Saint-Sernin, musée Fenaille de Rodez

Murat Statue menhir paillemalbiau

Statue menhir of Paillemalbiau (Murat-sur-Vèbre)

Statuamenhirlaconi

Statue menhir of Laconi, Sardinia

See also

References

  1. ^ Estàtua-menhir Archived 2014-07-20 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ Evendon, J (2001-02-11). "Le Dehus - Burial Chamber (Dolmen)". The Megalithic Portal. Retrieved 2008-09-16.

External links

Further reading

  • Maillé, M. 2010 - Hommes et femmes de pierre, Statues-menhirs du Rouergue et du Haut Languedoc, AEP, monographie, 538 pages, 2010.
  • Martínez, P.; Fortó, A. Rufo, V. 2010, La estatua-menhir de Ca l'Estrada (Canovelles, Barcelona), una representación con elementos del grupo figurativo de la Rouergue (Aveyron, Francia), Munibe suplemento 32 |data =2007 |pàgines = p. 498-505 |lloc =Beasain. [1]
  • Martínez, P. 2011, La estatua-menhir del Pla de les Pruneres (Mollet del Vallès) Complutum, 2011, Vol. 22 (1): 71-87. Universidad Complutense de Madrid. Madrid.[2]
  • Moya, A.; Martínez, P.; López, J.B. 2010, Èssers de pedra. Estàtues-menhirs i esteles antropomorfes a l'art megalític de Catalunya Cypsela núm 18, pp 11–41. Museu d'Arqueologia de Catalunya, Girona.
  • Servelle, Ch. 2009 - « Étude pétroarchéologique et technologique de la statue-menhir du Baïssas, Le Bez, Tarn », Archéologie Tarnaise, n° 14, 2009, p. 115-121, 4 fig.
  • Vaquer, J. et Maillé, M. 2011 - « Images de guerrier au Néolithique final - Chalcolithique dans le midi de la France : les poignards – figurations sur les statues-menhirs rouergates et objets réels », in L’armement du guerrier dans les sociétés anciennes : de l’objet à la tombe, Actes de la table ronde internationale et interdisciplinaire, Sens, CEREP, 4 juin 2009. Dijon, éd. universitaires de Dijon, p. 103-120.
Abealzu-Filigosa culture

The Abealzu-Filigosa culture was a Copper Age culture of Sardinia (2700-2400 BC). It takes its name from the locality of Abealzu, near Osilo, and Filigosa, near Macomer.

The populations of this culture lived mainly in the Sassarese area and other parts of central-southern Sardinia.

They still used obsidian to produce tools and weapons but copper objects, such as the daggers depicted in the Statue menhir, were becoming common. Lead and silver were also smelted. Their economy was focused on pastoralism and agriculture.

The pottery of Abealzu show some similarities with those of the Rinaldone and Gaudo culture from the Italian peninsula.To this period date the second phase of construction of the massive megalithic temple of Monte d'Accoddi.

Bare Island projectile point

The Bare Island projectile point is a stone projectile point of prehistoric indigenous peoples of North America. It was named by Fred Kinsey in 1959 for examples recovered at the Kent-Halley site on Bare Island in Pennsylvania.

Castel, Guernsey

Castel (Guernésiais: Lé Casté; French Sainte-Marie-du-Câtel) is the largest parish in Guernsey in terms of area.

The Parish has clear evidence of changes in ancient sea-levels, with trunks of an oak forest visible on Vazon beach at very low tide and at 8m above sea level an ancient beach.The old Guernésiais nickname for people from Castel was ânes pur sàng.

The parish plays host to both Le Viaër Marchi and the North Show which includes the Battle of Flowers annually. It also produces a regular magazine called Castel matters

The postal code for street addresses in this parish begins with GY5.

Celt (tool)

In archaeology, a celt is a long, thin, prehistoric, stone or bronze tool similar to an adze, a hoe or axe-like tool.

Cumberland point

A Cumberland point is a lithic projectile point, attached to a spear and used as a hunting tool. These sturdy points were intended for use as thrusting weapons and employed by various mid-Paleo-Indians (c. 11,000 BP) in the Southeastern US in the killing of large game mammals.

Dudești culture

The Dudeşti culture is a farming/herding culture that occupied part of Romania in the 6th millennium BC, typified by semi-subterranean habitations (Zemlyanki) on the edges of low plateaus. This culture contributed to the origin of both the subsequent Hamangia culture and the Boian culture. It was named after Dudeşti, a quarter in the southeast of Bucharest.

Grattoir de côté

A Grattoir de côté (translates from French as Side Scraper) is an archaeological term for a ridged variety of steep-scrapers distinguished by a working edge on one side. They were found at various archaeological sites in Lebanon including Ain Cheikh and Jdeideh II and are suggested to date to Upper Paleolithic stages three or four (Antelian).

Grinding slab

In archaeology, a grinding slab is a ground stone artifact generally used to grind plant materials into usable size, though some slabs were used to shape other ground stone artifacts. Some grinding stones are portable; others are not and, in fact, may be part of a stone outcropping.

Grinding slabs used for plant processing typically acted as a coarse surface against which plant materials were ground using a portable hand stone, or mano ("hand" in Spanish). Variant grinding slabs are referred to as metates or querns, and have a ground-out bowl. Like all ground stone artifacts, grinding slabs are made of large-grained materials such as granite, basalt, or similar tool stones.

La Gran' Mère de Chimquiere

The La Gran' Mère de Chimquiere (English: The Grandmother of Chimquiere) is a statue menhir that is located near the parish church of St Martin on Guernsey in the Channel Islands.

The statue is a female figure that stands 1.65 meters in height. Originally it was a neolithic statue carved around 2500-1800BC. The statue was reworked, possibley around the Roman period, giving it its present features.

Lamoka projectile point

Lamoka projectile points are stone projectile points manufactured by Native Americans what is now the northeastern United States, generally in the time interval of 3500-2500 B.C. They predate the invention of the bow and arrow, and are therefore not true "arrowheads", but rather atlatl dart points. They derive their name from the specimens found at the Lamoka site in Schuyler County, New York.

Murat-sur-Vèbre

Murat-sur-Vèbre is a commune in the Tarn department and Occitanie region of southern France.

Pesse canoe

The Pesse canoe is believed to be the world's oldest known boat, and certainly the oldest known canoe. Carbon dating indicates that the boat was constructed during the early mesolithic period between 8040 BCE and 7510 BCE. It is now in the Drents Museum in Assen, Netherlands.

Plano point

In archeology, Plano point is flaked stone projectile points and tools created by the various Plano cultures of the North American Great Plains between 9000 BC and 6000 BC for hunting, and possibly to kill other humans.

They are bifacially worked and have been divided into numerous sub-groups based on variations in size, shape and function including Alberta points, Cody points, Frederick points, Eden points and Scottsbluff points. Plano points do not include the hollowing or 'fluting' found in Clovis and Folsom points.

Racloir

In archeology, a racloir, also known as racloirs sur talon (French for scraper on the platform), is a certain type of flint tool made by prehistoric peoples.

It is a type of side scraper distinctive of Mousterian assemblages. It is created from a flint flake and looks like a large scraper. As well as being used for scraping hides and bark, it may also have been used as a knife. Racloirs are most associated with the Neanderthal Mousterian industry. These racloirs are retouched along the ridge between the striking platform and the dorsal face. They have shaped edges and are modified by abrupt flaking from the dorsal face.

Saint Martin, Guernsey

Saint Martin (Guernésiais and French Saint Martin; historically Saint-Martin-de-la-Bellouse) is a parish in Guernsey, The Channel Islands. The islands lie in the English Channel between Great Britain and France.

The postal code for street addresses in this parish begins with GY4.

The old Guernésiais nickname for people from Saint Martin is dravans.

In 1883, Pierre-Auguste Renoir spent the summer in Guernsey, with a varied landscape of beaches, cliffs and bays, where he created fifteen paintings in little over a month. Most of these feature Moulin Huet, a bay in Saint Martin. These paintings were the subject of a set of commemorative postage stamps issued by the Bailiwick of Guernsey in 1983.

The parish church of Saint Martin was consecrated on 4 February 1199. At the gate to the churchyard is La Gran'mère du Chimquière, a statue menhir.St. Martin Parish has entered Britain in Bloom for a number of years, winning the small town category twice, in 2006 and 2011.

Tool stone

In archaeology, a tool stone is a type of stone that is used to manufacture stone tools,

or stones used as the raw material for tools.Generally speaking, tools that require a sharp edge are made using cryptocrystalline materials that fracture in an easily controlled conchoidal manner.

Cryptocrystalline tool stones include flint and chert, which are fine-grained sedimentary materials; rhyolite and felsite, which are igneous flowstones; and obsidian, a form of natural glass created by igneous processes. These materials fracture in a predictable fashion, and are easily resharpened. For more information on this subject, see lithic reduction.

Large-grained materials, such as basalt, granite, and sandstone, may also be used as tool stones, but for a very different purpose: they are ideal for ground stone artifacts. Whereas cryptocrystalline materials are most useful for killing and processing animals, large-grained materials are usually used for processing plant matter. Their rough faces often make excellent surfaces for grinding plant seeds. With much effort, some large-grained stones may be ground down into awls, adzes, and axes.

Tor enclosure

A tor enclosure is a prehistoric monument found in the southwestern part of Great Britain. These monuments emerged around 4000 BC in the early

Neolithic.

Torrean civilization

The Torrean civilization was a Bronze Age megalithic civilization that developed in Southern Corsica, mostly concentrated south of Ajaccio, during the second half of the second millennium BC.

Uniface

In archeology, a uniface is a specific type of stone tool that has been flaked on one surface only. There are two general classes of uniface tools: modified flakes—and formalized tools, which display deliberate, systematic modification of the marginal edges, evidently formed for a specific purpose.

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