Station master

The station master (or stationmaster) is the person in charge of a railway station, particularly in the United Kingdom and many other countries outside North America. In the United Kingdom, where the term originated, it is now largely historical[1] or colloquial, with the contemporary term being station manager. However, the term station master remains current on many heritage railways, and also in many countries outside the United Kingdom, notably the extensive Indian Railways network.

Historically a male occupation, women were sometimes appointed to the position, and the gender variation station mistress was sometimes employed in such cases. In the United States the role is commonly termed station agent.[2]

Bertha Allen Station Mistress Padbury Railway Station
Station mistress at Padbury railway station

Job description

The station master is responsible for the management of other station employees and holds responsibility for safety and the efficient running of the station. The term was historically employed across stations of all sizes, leading to variation in the precise role. At a major city terminus, with potentially hundreds of employees, the station master's duties would focus on personnel management and public relations. At smaller town and country stations, with a more limited staff, the station master would have far more customer interaction with travelling passengers, and would commonly deputise for other members of staff in their absence.

On the contemporary British rail network a station manager at a major station has duties very similar to those described above. The more localised role of station master at small country stations no longer exists, with group station managers taking responsibility for two or more stations. In very rural areas a station manager may be responsible for a large number of stations, or even for all the stations on a local branch line.

Deputies and staff

Restored station master's office, Norchard Station - geograph.org.uk - 896957
Station master's office at Norchard railway station

Historically, the station master was deputised (in his absence) by an Assistant Station Master (ASM). In large stations this might be a full-time position. In smaller local stations the ASM title was often attached to another post, such as senior booking clerk, or even head porter. On heritage railways the ASM role is often unchanged from this historic role. The ASM post also continues in many Commonwealth nations, and other countries which have experienced British influence.[3] In contemporary British railway operations the station manager is commonly deputised by one or more shift station managers.[4]

The number of other employees at a railway station varies according to size. A historic station master would typically manage a number of booking clerks (responsible for ticket sales and financial auditing), porters (responsible for platform safety, luggage transportation, and cleaning), and often ancillary staff in catering, left luggage, and maintenance roles. Although technically part of the engineering department, a station master might also have day-to-day management of signalmen in the station's signal box.

Social position

Former Station Masters Residence at Narrandera
The former station master's house at Narrandera, Australia

From the late Victorian era onwards, station masters became prominent figures in local communities. Invariably they would be provided with a substantial house[5] and, in rural communities particularly, would have significant social standing.[6]

The uniforms worn by station masters, whilst varying widely between different railway companies, often incorporated gold braid embroidery, and peaked caps with gold banding, giving the office-holder a high profile in the community. With his uniform, official housing, and public prominence, the station master was respected and widely attributed with seniority in the local community.[7]

Some station masters achieved legendary fame in their communities. The late James Miller, long-serving station master at Oxford railway station, received widespread recognition for his devoted service in the post, including civic decoration, a public-subscription retirement gift, the award of the British Empire Medal, and the naming of a carriage siding after him.[8]

In the Beeching cuts of the 1960s many small stations were closed and the station master's house, along with other railway property, sold off. Typically, these buildings retained their original name and in many communities the Station Master's House can still be found as a private dwelling[6] or converted into a restaurant.[9]

In current Indian society station masters continue to enjoy a high social standing, and there is considerable competition for vacancies. Indian Railways staff who have attained the grade of assistant station master (ASM), or station master (including regional station managers), have their own professional body or trade union, the All India Station Masters' Association.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Old Occupations in Scotland". Scot Roots.
  2. ^ "Station Agent, Municipal Railway (#9131)". San Francisco Department of Human Resources. 15 January 2010. Retrieved 14 October 2013.
  3. ^ Assistant Station Master (ASM) role description at Indian Railways.
  4. ^ Role outlined at Network Rail website.
  5. ^ "Woodford Station Master's house". The Transport Archive.
  6. ^ a b "The history of Scotby Station".
  7. ^ See details, including examples, at 100 years of Station Master memories, National Railway Museum, England.
  8. ^ Illustrated full account from the Oxford Mail newspaper.
  9. ^ "Meopham". Kent Rail.
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Town at the foot of the Langeberg, 10km south-west of Montagu and 19km east-south-east of Robertson. It was established in 1897 on the farm Roodewal and attained municipal status in January 1956. Named after the first station-master.

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Current Station Master of Bandhi Railway Station is Muhammad Mirza Abro.

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Blasdell is in the northern part of the town of Hamburg and is bordered to the north by the city of Lackawanna, directly south of Buffalo. The village calls itself the "Gateway to the Southtowns" of Erie County.

Boston railway station

Boston railway station serves the town of Boston in Lincolnshire, England.

The station is now owned by Network Rail and managed by East Midlands Trains (EMT) train operating company (TOC) who provide all rail services.

Burton-on-Trent railway station

Burton-on-Trent railway station is in the town of Burton upon Trent, Staffordshire, England.

Elsham railway station

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The final station master was Mr Robert Christopher Swinton, retired in 1966. Joint SM with Appleby Lincolnshire.

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Eradu is a small town in Western Australia located in the Mid West region of Western Australia 34 kilometres (21 mi) east of Geraldton on the Geraldton–Mount Magnet Road.

Following the opening of the Nangulu-Mullewa railway line in 1894 a station was opened at the location of the current town-site. The name of the station was Greenough River until 1903. It remained a station with a station master from 1915 to 1921 and was gazetted as a town in 1920. The station later became a siding until it was closed in 1973.

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Kodi Ramakrishna is an Indian film director and writer known for his works predominantly in Telugu cinema, and a few Tamil, Malayalam and Hindi films. One of the prolific film director in Telugu, Kodi Ramakrishna has directed a wide range of films, in a variety of genres such as drama films; Intlo Ramayya Veedilo Krishnayya (1982), Mangamma Gari Manavadu (1984), Thalambralu (1986), Aahuthi (1987), Bharatamlo Bala Chandrudu (1988), Station Master (1988), Muddula Mavayya (1989), Maa Aavida Collector (1996), Pelli (1997), and Dongaata (1997).

Other notable works of Rama Krishna are Social problem films; such as, Ankusham (1989), 20va Shatabdam (1990), Bharat Bandh (1991), and Sathruvu (1991). He directed Spy films; such as, Gudachari No.1 (1983), and Gudachari 117 (1989). Ramakrishna has directed supernatural Fantasy films; such as, Ammoru (1995), Devi (1999), Devullu (2000), Devi Putrudu (2001), Anji (2004), and Arundhati (2009) which won ten state Nandi Awards, and two Filmfare Awards South, and became the second highest grossing Telugu film for that year. In 2012. He directed Industry Hits Managamma Gari Manavadu and Muddula Mavayya, he received the state Raghupathi Venkaiah Award for his contribution to Telugu cinema.

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MNM

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Mapena language (mnm), ISO 639 language code

Mutants & Masterminds (MnM), a role-playing game

Menominee-Marinette Twin County Airport (MNM), FAA and IATA airport code

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Malton railway station is a Grade II listed station which serves the towns of Malton and Norton-on-Derwent in North Yorkshire, England. It is operated by TransPennine Express that provide all passenger train services, running on the York to Scarborough Line.

Middlesbrough railway station

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The main station layout consists of an entrance hall with ticket office, large concourse/waiting area and two covered platforms that are each subdivided into two sections i.e. platform 1 (1a and 1b) and platform 2 (2a and 2b). Two freight lines bypass to the north of the station.

The station is staffed and has a range of facilities including a cafe / bar, newsagent, cycle storage, toilets and lifts. Various screens throughout the station give information on train arrivals and departures.

Car parking is situated just to the east of the station and can be accessed via Exchange Square and Wood Street and by footpath directly to the station. A drop-off point is located at the front of the station close to the main entrance.

According to the Office of Rail and Road statistics, Middlesbrough railway station is the fourth busiest in the North East region, with 1,312,916 total entries and exits (2017-18 period).

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It is managed by Great Western Railway who also operate the train services, along with CrossCountry.

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In 1892 a 15-lever signal box was added at the end of the platform

The station had two members of staff, a station master and signal man who performed all the required duties

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