States and union territories of India

India is a federal union comprising 29 states and 7 union territories, for a total of 36 entities. The states and union territories are further subdivided into districts and smaller administrative divisions.

States and union territories of India

Map
CategoryFederated states
LocationRepublic of India
Number29 States
7 Union territories
PopulationsStates: 610,577 Sikkim – 199,812,341 Uttar Pradesh
Union Territories: 64,473 Lakshadweep – 16,787,941 National Capital Territory
AreasStates: 3,702 km2 (1,429 sq mi) Goa – 342,269 km2 (132,151 sq mi) Rajasthan
Union territories: 32 km2 (12 sq mi) Lakshadweep – 8,249 km2 (3,185 sq mi) Andaman and Nicobar Islands
GovernmentState governments, Union Government (Union territories)
SubdivisionsDistricts, Divisions

Responsibilities and authorities

The Constitution of India distributes the sovereign executive and legislative powers exercisable with respect to the territory of any State between the Union and that State.[1]

History

India Administrative Divisions 1951
Administrative division of India in 1951

Pre-independence

The Indian subcontinent has been ruled by many different ethnic groups throughout its history, each instituting their own policies of administrative division in the region.[2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11] During the British Raj, the original administrative structure was mostly kept, and India was divided into provinces (also called Presidencies) that were directly governed by the British and princely states which were nominally controlled by a local prince or raja loyal to the British Empire, which held de facto sovereignty (suzerainty) over the princely states.

1947–1950

Between 1947 and 1950 the territories of the princely states were politically integrated into the Indian Union. Most were merged into existing provinces; others were organised into new provinces, such as Rajputana, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Bharat, and Vindhya Pradesh, made up of multiple princely states; a few, including Mysore, Hyderabad, Bhopal, and Bilaspur, became separate provinces. The new Constitution of India, which came into force on 26 January 1950, made India a sovereign democratic republic. The new republic was also declared to be a "Union of States".[12] The constitution of 1950 distinguished between three main types of states:

States reorganization (1951–1956)

The Union Territory of Puducherry was created in 1954 comprising the previous French enclaves of Pondichéry, Karaikal, Yanam and Mahé.[13] Andhra State was created on 1 October 1953 from the Telugu-speaking northern districts of Madras State.[14]

The States Reorganisation Act of 1956 reorganised the states based on linguistic lines resulting in the creation of the new states.[15] As a result of this act, Madras State retained its name with Kanyakumari district added to form Travancore-Cochin. Andhra Pradesh was created with the merger of Andhra State with the Telugu-speaking districts of Hyderabad State in 1956. Kerala was created with the merger of Malabar district and the Kasaragod taluk of South Canara districts of Madras State with Travancore-Cochin. Mysore State was re-organized with the addition of districts of Bellary and South Canara (excluding Kasaragod taluk) and the Kollegal taluk of Coimbatore district from the Madras State, the districts of Belgaum, Bijapur, North Canara and Dharwad from Bombay State, the Kannada-majority districts of Bidar, Raichur and Gulbarga from Hyderabad State and the province of Coorg. The Laccadive Islands which were divided between South Canara and Malabar districts of Madras State were united and organised into the union territory of Lakshadweep.

Bombay State was enlarged by the addition of Saurashtra State and Kutch State, the Marathi-speaking districts of Nagpur Division of Madhya Pradesh and Marathwada region of Hyderabad State. Rajasthan and Punjab gained territories from Ajmer and Patiala and East Punjab States Union respectively and certain territories of Bihar was transferred to West Bengal.

Post-1956

Bombay State was split into the linguistic states of Gujarat and Maharashtra on 1 May 1960 by the Bombay Reorganisation Act.[16] Nagaland was formed on 1 December 1963.[17] The Punjab Reorganisation Act of 1966 resulted in the creation of Haryana on 1 November and the transfer of the northern districts of Punjab to Himachal Pradesh.[18] The act also designated Chandigarh as a union territory and the shared capital of Punjab and Haryana.[19][20]

Madras state was renamed Tamil Nadu in 1968. North-eastern states of Manipur, Meghalaya and Tripura were formed on 21 January 1972.[21] Mysore State was renamed as Karnataka in 1973. On 16 May 1975, Sikkim became the 22nd state of the Indian Union and the state's monarchy was abolished.[22] In 1987, Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram became states on 20 February, followed by Goa on 30 May, while Goa's northern exclaves of Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli became separate union territories.[23]

In November 2000, three new states were created; namely, Chhattisgarh from eastern Madhya Pradesh, Uttaranchal from northwest Uttar Pradesh (renamed Uttarakhand in 2007) and Jharkhand from southern districts of Bihar.[24][25][26][27] Orissa was renamed as Odisha in 2011. Telangana was created on 2 June 2014 as ten former districts of north-western Andhra Pradesh.[28][29]

Current proposals

List

States

State ISO 3166-2:IN Vehicle
code
Zone Capital Largest city Statehood Population[30] Area
(km2)
Official
languages[31]
Additional official
languages[31]
Andhra Pradesh IN-AP AP Southern Hyderabad (de jure)
Amaravati (de facto) Note 1[32][33]
Visakhapatnam 1 October 1953 49,506,799 160,205 Telugu
Arunachal Pradesh IN-AR AR North-Eastern Itanagar 20 February 1987 1,383,727 83,743 English
Assam IN-AS AS North-Eastern Dispur Guwahati 26 January 1950 31,205,576 78,550 Assamese Bengali
Bihar IN-BR BR Eastern Patna 26 January 1950 104,099,452 94,163 Hindi Urdu
Chhattisgarh IN-CT CG Central Raipur 1 November 2000 25,545,198 135,194 Hindi
Goa IN-GA GA Western Panaji Vasco da Gama 30 May 1987 1,458,545 3,702 Konkani Marathi
Gujarat IN-GJ GJ Western Gandhinagar Ahmedabad 1 May 1960 60,439,692 196,024 Gujarati
Haryana IN-HR HR Northern Chandigarh Faridabad 1 November 1966 25,351,462 44,212 Hindi Punjabi[34][35]
Himachal Pradesh IN-HP HP Northern Shimla (Summer)
Dharamshala (Winter)
Shimla 25 January 1971 6,864,602 55,673 Hindi English
Jammu and Kashmir IN-JK JK Northern Srinagar (Summer)
Jammu (Winter)
Srinagar 26 January 1950 12,541,302 222,236
101,387Note 2
Urdu
Jharkhand IN-JH JH Eastern Ranchi Jamshedpur 15 November 2000 32,988,134 74,677 Hindi Urdu[36]
Karnataka IN-KA KA Southern Bengaluru 1 November 1956 61,095,297 191,791 Kannada English
Kerala IN-KL KL Southern Thiruvananthapuram Kochi 1 November 1956 33,406,061 38,863 Malayalam English
Madhya Pradesh IN-MP MP Central Bhopal Indore 1 November 1956 72,626,809 308,252 Hindi
Maharashtra IN-MH MH Western Mumbai (Summer)
Nagpur (Winter)[37]
Mumbai 1 May 1960 112,374,333 307,713 Marathi
Manipur IN-MN MN North-Eastern Imphal 21 January 1972 2,855,794 22,347 Meitei English
Meghalaya IN-ML ML North-Eastern Shillong 21 January 1972 2,966,889 22,720 English Khasi[a]
Mizoram IN-MZ MZ North-Eastern Aizawl 20 February 1987 1,097,206 21,081 English, Hindi, Mizo
Nagaland IN-NL NL North-Eastern Kohima Dimapur 1 December 1963 1,978,502 16,579 English
Odisha IN-OR OD Eastern Bhubaneswar 26 January 1950 41,974,218 155,820 Odia
Punjab IN-PB PB Northern Chandigarh Ludhiana 1 November 1966 27,743,338 50,362 Punjabi
Rajasthan IN-RJ RJ Northern Jaipur 1 November 1956 68,548,437 342,269 Hindi English
Sikkim IN-SK SK North-Eastern Gangtok 16 May 1975 610,577 7,096 English Bhutia, Gurung, Lepcha, Limbu, Manggar, Mukhia, Newari, Rai, Sherpa, Tamang
Tamil Nadu IN-TN TN Southern Chennai 26 January 1950 72,147,030 130,058 Tamil English
Telangana IN-TG TS Southern HyderabadNote 1 2 June 2014 35,193,978[38] 114,840[38] Telugu, Urdu[39]
Tripura IN-TR TR North-Eastern Agartala 21 January 1972 3,673,917 10,492 Bengali, English, Kokborok
Uttar Pradesh IN-UP UP Central Lucknow Kanpur 26 January 1950 199,812,341 243,286 Hindi Urdu
Uttarakhand IN-UT UK Central DehradunNote 3 9 November 2000 10,086,292 53,483 Hindi Sanskrit[40]
West Bengal IN-WB WB Eastern Kolkata 26 January 1950 91,276,115 88,752 Bengali, Nepali[b] Hindi, Odia, Punjabi, Santali, and Urdu
  • ^Note 1 Andhra Pradesh was divided into two states, Telangana and a residual Andhra Pradesh on 2 June 2014.[41][42][43] Hyderabad, located entirely within the borders of Telangana, is to serve as the capital for both states for a period of time not exceeding ten years.[44] The Government of Andhra Pradesh and the Andhra Pradesh Legislature completed the process of relocating to temporary facilities in the envisaged new capital city Amaravati in early 2017.[32]
  • ^Note 2 The area of Jammu and Kashmir is 222,236 km2 according to Indian claims; thereof 101,387 km2 are under Indian administration
  • ^Note 3 Dehradun is the interim capital of Uttarakhand. The town of Gairsain is envisaged as the state's new capital.

Union territories

Union territory ISO 3166-2:IN Vehicle code Capital Largest city Population[30] Area
(km2)
Official
languages[31]
Additional official
languages[31]
Andaman and Nicobar Islands IN-AN AN Port Blair 380,581 8,249 English, Hindi
Chandigarh IN-CH CH Chandigarh [c] 1,055,450 114 English
Dadra and Nagar Haveli IN-DN DN Silvassa 343,709 491 Gujarati, Hindi Marathi
Daman and Diu IN-DD DD Daman 243,247 112 English, Gujarati, Hindi, Konkani[d]
Delhi IN-DL DL New Delhi [e] 16,787,941 1,490 Hindi Punjabi, Urdu[45]
Lakshadweep IN-LD LD Kavaratti 64,473 32 Malayalam English
Puducherry IN-PY PY Pondicherry 1,247,953 492 English,[46] Tamil Malayalam, Telugu

Former states

Map State Capital Years Successor state(s)
Madhya Bharat in India (1951) Madhya Bharat Gwalior (winter)
Indore (summer)
1947–1956 Madhya Pradesh
Eastern States Union Raipur 1947–1948 Bihar, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh
Madras in India (1951) Madras State Madras 1950–1969 Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka
Mysore in India (1951) Mysore State Mysore 1947–1973 Karnataka
PEPSU in India (1951) Patiala and East Punjab States Union Patiala 1948–1956 Punjab
Bombay in India (1951) Bombay State Bombay 1947–1960 Maharashtra, Gujarat
Bhopal in India (1951) Bhopal State Bhopal 1949–1956 Madhya Pradesh
Saurashtra in India (1951) Saurashtra Rajkot 1948–1956 Bombay State
Coorg in India (1951) Coorg State Madikeri 1950–1956 Mysore State
Travancore-Cochin in India (1951) Travancore-Cochin Trivandrum 1949–1956 Kerala, Madras State
Hyderabad in India (1951) Hyderabad State Hyderabad 1948–1956 Andhra Pradesh, Telangana (since 2014) and partially Maharashtra, North Karnataka
Vindhya Pradesh in India (1951) Vindhya Pradesh Rewa 1948–1956 Madhya Pradesh
Kutch in India (1951) Kutch State Bhuj 1947–1956 Bombay State
Bilaspur in India (1951) Bilaspur State Bilaspur 1948–1954 Himachal Pradesh
Cooch Behar from 1931 Imperial Gazetteer Cooch Behar State Cooch Behar 1949 West Bengal
Ajmer in India (1951) Ajmer State Ajmer 1947–1956 Rajasthan

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Khasi language has been declared as the Additional Official Language for all purposes in the District, Sub-Division and Block level offices of the State Government located in the Districts of Khasi-Jaintia Hills of Meghalaya.
  2. ^ Bengali and Nepali are the Official Languages in Darjeeling and Kurseong sub-divisions of Darjeeling district.
  3. ^ Chandigarh is both a city and a union territory.
  4. ^ It has also been informed that the communication with States/Centre has to be made in Hindi/English.
  5. ^ Delhi is both a city and a union territory.

References

  1. ^ "Article 73 broadly stated, provides that the executive power of the Union shall extend to the matters with respect to which Parliament has power to make laws. Article 162 similarly provides that the executive power of a State shall extend to the matters with respect to which the Legislature of a State has power to make laws. The Supreme Court has reiterated this position when it ruled in the Ramanaiah case that the executive power of the Union or of the State broadly speaking, is coextensive and coterminous with its respective legislative power." Territoriality of executive powers of states in India, Balwant Singh Malik, Constitutional Law, 1998
  2. ^ Krishna Reddy (2003). Indian History. New Delhi: Tata McGraw Hill. ISBN 978-0-07-048369-9.
  3. ^ Ramesh Chandra Majumdar (1977). Ancient India. Motilal Banarsidass Publishers. ISBN 978-81-208-0436-4.
  4. ^ Romila Thapar. A History of India: Part 1.
  5. ^ G. Bongard-Levin. A History of India: Volume 1.
  6. ^ Gupta Dynasty – MSN Encarta. Archived from the original on 1 November 2009.
  7. ^ "India – Historical Setting – The Classical Age – Gupta and Harsha". Historymedren.about.com. 2 November 2009. Retrieved 16 May 2010.
  8. ^ Nilakanta Sastri, K.A. (2002) [1955]. A history of South India from prehistoric times to the fall of Vijayanagar. New Delhi: Indian Branch, Oxford University Press. p. 239. ISBN 978-0-19-560686-7.
  9. ^ Chandra, Satish. Medieval India: From Sultanate To The Mughals. p. 202.
  10. ^ "Regional states, c. 1700–1850". Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.
  11. ^ Grewal, J. S. (1990). "Chapter 6: The Sikh empire (1799–1849)". The Sikh empire (1799–1849). The New Cambridge History of India. The Sikhs of the Punjab. Cambridge University Press.
  12. ^ "Article 1". Constitution of India. Archived from the original on 2 April 2012.
  13. ^ "Reorganisation of states" (PDF). Economic Weekly. Retrieved 31 December 2015.
  14. ^ "Map of Madras Presidency in 1909". 28 March 2011. Retrieved 15 October 2013.
  15. ^ "Article 1". Constitution of India. Law Ministry, GOI. Archived from the original on 2 April 2012. Retrieved 31 December 2015.
  16. ^ J.C. Aggarwal, S.P. Agrawal (1995). Uttarakhand: Past, Present, and Future. New DElhi: Concept Publishing. pp. 89–90.
  17. ^ "Nagaland History & Geography-Source". india.gov.in. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
  18. ^ "Himachal Pradesh Tenth Five Year Plan" (PDF). Retrieved 17 June 2013.
  19. ^ "The Punjab Reorganisation Act 1966" (PDF). india.gov.in. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
  20. ^ "State map of India". Travel India guide. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
  21. ^ "Snapshot of North Eastern States" (PDF). thaibicindia.in. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 December 2009. Retrieved 17 February 2016.
  22. ^ "About Sikkim". Official website of the Government of Sikkim. Archived from the original on 25 May 2009. Retrieved 15 June 2009.
  23. ^ "Goa Chronology". goaonline.in. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 17 February 2016.
  24. ^ "Official Website of Government of Jharkhand". Jharkhand.gov.in. Archived from the original on 21 June 2013. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
  25. ^ "Chhattisgarh state – History". Cg.gov.in. Archived from the original on 4 July 2010. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
  26. ^ Chopra, Jasi Kiran (2 January 2007). "Uttaranchal is Uttarakhand, BJP cries foul". Times of India. Retrieved 22 January 2013.
  27. ^ "About Us: Uttarakhand Government Portal, India". Uk.gov.in. 9 November 2000. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
  28. ^ "The Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014" (PDF). Ministry of law and justice, Government of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 January 2016. Retrieved 3 March 2014.
  29. ^ "Telangana bill passed by upper house". The Times of India. Retrieved 20 February 2014.
  30. ^ a b "List of states with Population, Sex Ratio and Literacy Census 2011".
  31. ^ a b c d "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 50th report (July 2012 to June 2013)" (PDF). Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities, Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India. Archived from the original (pdf) on 8 July 2016. Retrieved 14 January 2015.
  32. ^ a b "After 2200 Years, Amaravati Gets Back Power!".
  33. ^ "Data". ap.gov.in. Archived from the original on 3 August 2017. Retrieved 27 June 2014.
  34. ^ "Haryana grants second language status to Punjabi". Hindustan Times. 28 January 2010.
  35. ^ "Punjabi gets second language status in Haryana". Zee news. 28 January 2010.
  36. ^ "Research data". ierj.in.
  37. ^ Monsoon session to start in Maha’s winter Capital Nagpur from July 4
  38. ^ a b "Telangana State Profile" (PDF). Telangana government portal. p. 34. Retrieved 11 June 2014.
  39. ^ "Urdu Gets First Language Status".
  40. ^ "Sanskrit: Reviving the language in today's India – Livemint".
  41. ^ "Bifurcated into Telangana State and residual Andhra Pradesh State". The Times of India. 2 June 2014.
  42. ^ "The Gazette of India : The Andhra Pradesh Reorganization Act, 2014" (PDF). Ministry of Law and Justice. Government of India. 1 March 2014. Retrieved 23 April 2014.
  43. ^ "The Gazette of India : The Andhra Pradesh Reorganization Act, 2014 Sub-section" (PDF). 4 March 2014. Retrieved 23 April 2014.
  44. ^ Sanchari Bhattacharya (1 June 2014). "Andhra Pradesh Minus Telangana: 10 Facts". NDTV.
  45. ^ "Official Language Act 2000" (PDF). Government of Delhi. 2 July 2003. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
  46. ^ "Regional data" (PDF). lawsofindia.org.

External links

List of Indian state animals

India, officially the Republic of India is a country in South Asia. It is made up of 29 states and 7 union territories. All Indian states have their own government and theUnion territories come under the jurisdiction of the Central Government. As most of the other countries India too has a national emblem—the Lion Capital of Sarnath.

Apart from India's national emblem, each of its States and Union Territories have their own state seals and symbols which include state animals, birds, trees, flowers etc. A list of state animals of India is given below. See Symbols of Indian states and territories for a complete list of all State characters and seals.

List of Indian state birds

India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is made up of 29 states and 7 union territories. All Indian states have their own government and union territories come under the jurisdiction of the central government. As with most of the other countries India, has a national emblem—the Lion Capital of Sarnath.

Apart from India's national emblem, each of its states and union territories have their own seals and symbols which include animals, birds, trees, flowers, etc. A list of state birds of India is given below. See Symbols of Indian states and territories for a complete list of all state characters and seals.

List of Indian state flowers

India, officially the Republic of India is a country in South Asia. It is made up of 29 states and 7 union territories. All Indian states have their own government and Union territories come under the jurisdiction of the Central Government. As most of the other countries India too has a national emblem—the Lion Capital of Sarnath.

Apart from India's national emblem, each of its States and Union Territories have their own state seals and symbols which include state animals, birds, trees, flowers etc. A list of state flowers of India is given below. See Symbols of Indian states and territories for a complete list of all State characters and seals.

List of Indian state trees

India, officially the Republic of India is a country in South Asia. It is made up of 29 states and 7 union territories. All Indian states have their own government and the Union territories come under the jurisdiction of the Central Government. As most of the other countries India too has a national emblem—the Lion Capital of Sarnath.

Apart from India's national emblem, each of its States and Union Territories have their own state seals and symbols which include state animals, birds, trees, flowers etc. A list of state trees of India is given below. See Symbols of Indian states and territories for a complete list of all State characters and seals.

List of Indian states and union territories by GDP

These are lists of Indian states and union territories by their nominal gross state domestic product (GSDP). GSDP is the sum of all value added by industries within each state or union territory and serves as a counterpart to the national gross domestic product (GDP).In India, the Government accounts for around 20% of the GDP, Agriculture accounts for 20%, the corporate sector accounts for 12% and the balance 48% of the GDP is sourced from small proprietorship and partnership companies, the so-called unorganized sector and households.

List of Indian states and union territories by GDP per capita

This is a list of Indian states and union territories by NSDP per capita. Net state domestic product (NSDP) is the state counterpart to a country's Net domestic product (NDP), which equals the gross domestic product (GDP) minus depreciation on a country's capital goods. The following table gives the latest available nominal NSDP per capita figures for the States and Union Territories of India at current prices in Indian rupees. No data is available for the union territories of Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu and Lakshadweep.

Notes^1 NSDP PPP per capita is calculated from Implied PPP conversion rate from IMF

^2 Denotes National Income (NDP) per capita; not to be confused with GDP per capita

List of Indian states and union territories by literacy rate

Literacy rate in India is uneven and as such, different States and Union Territories of India have differences in their literacy rates. The following table shows the 2011 and 2001 census data on total literacy rate, male literacy rate, female literacy rate and decadal difference in percentage. According to Census 2011, Kerala has the highest total literacy rate and female literacy rate whereas Lakshadweep had the highest male literacy rate. Bihar has the lowest total literacy rate and male literacy rates while Rajasthan has the lowest female literacy rate. Literacy figures are collected by census takers which essentially means literacy (or lack thereof ) is self assessed.

List of states and union territories of India by area

The following is a list of states and union territories of the Republic of India by area from largest to smallest according to the census of 2011. India consists of 29 states and 7 union territories.

List of states and union territories of India by crime rate

This is a list of States and Union Territories of India ranked by the recognizable Crime Rate as on 2012 and 2015, and represents the number of cognizable crimes occurred for every 100,000 persons. The list is compiled from the 2016 Crime in India Report published by National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), Government of IndiaAs of 2016, Delhi has the highest cognizable crime rate of 974.9 (per 100,000 persons) and Uttar Pradesh has the highest incidence of crime based on percentage of share. Lakshwadeep has the lowest crime rate of 43.9 (per 100,000 persons) as well as the lowest incidence of crime based on percentage of share.

List of states and union territories of India by fertility rate

This is a list of the States and union territories of India of India ranked in order of number of children born for each woman. Recent surveys show that majority of Indian states fertility rate has fallen well below the replacement level of 2.1 and the country is fast approaching the replacement level itself. The total fertility rate of India stands at 2.2 as of 2017.

Country comparisons use data from the Population Reference Bureau.[4]

List of states and union territories of India by households having electricity

This is a list of the states and union territories of India ranked in order of percentage of households having electricity as the source of lighting. This information is based on 2011 and 2001 data as published by 2011 census of India and 2015-16 National Family Health Survey (NFHS). In default display, the ranking is based on 2015-16 NFHS data.

As of 2019, 14 states and UTs have achieved 100% household electrification:

West Bengal: 1,50,57,882 households

Bihar: 1,39,73,122 households

Madhya Pradesh: 1,26,21,007 households

Andhra Pradesh: 1,14,25,248 households

Gujarat: 1,14,14,532 households

Tamil Nadu: 1,02,85,848 households

Kerala: 98,13,032 households

Telangana: 65,13,375 households

Punjab: 36,89,970 households

Jammu & Kashmir: 24,39,547 households

Tripura: 7,88,783 households

Mizoram: 2,41,682 households

Goa: 1,28,208 households

Puducherry: 95,616 households

List of states and union territories of India by population

India is a union of 29 states and 7 union territories. As of 2011, with an estimated population of 1.2 billion, India is the world's second most populous country after the People's Republic of China. India occupies 2.4% of the world's land and is home to 17.5% of the world's population. The Indo-Gangetic plains have one of the world’s biggest stretches of fertile flat-deep alluvium and are among the most densely populated areas of the world. The eastern and western coastal regions of Deccan Plateau are also densely populated regions of India. The Thar Desert in western Rajasthan is one of the most densely populated desert of world. The northern and north-eastern states along the Himalayas contain cold arid deserts with fertile valleys. These states have relatively less population density due to indomitable physical barriers.

List of states and union territories of India by sex ratio

Sex ratio is used to describe the number of females per 1000 of males. In India it is especially significant because the ratio is heavily skewed towards men. In the Population Census of 2011 it was revealed that the population ratio of India 2011 is 943

females per 1000 of males. The Sex Ratio 2011 shows an upward trend from the census 2001 data. Census 2001 revealed that there were 933 females to that of 1000 males.

The male-skew in India's sex ratio has increased significantly since the early 20th century. In 1901 there were 3.2 million fewer women than men in India, but by the 2001 Census the disparity had increased by more than a factor of 10, to 35 million. This increase has been variously attributed to female infanticide, selective abortions (aided by increasing access to prenatal sex discernment procedures), and female child neglect. It has been suggested that the motivation for this selection against female children is due to the lower status and perceived usefulness of women in India's patriarchal society.

List of states and union territories of India by suicide rate

Suicide in India is a national social issue. In the year 2015, India recorded 1,33,623 suicides, an increase of 1.4% from 2014's 1,31,666 suicides. This is a list of States and Union Territories of India ranked according to suicide rate as on 2015. The rate is calculated as number of suicides per 1 lakh (100,000) people. The list is compiled from the 2015 Suicidal Deaths in India report published by National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), Government of IndiaTop three States with highest suicide rates are Puducherry, Sikkim and Andaman and Nicobar Islands respectively, while Bihar recorded lowest suicide rates.

List of states and union territories of India by tax revenues

This is a list of States of India by projected own tax revenues of their governments (excluding the shares from Union tax pool) for the year 2010–15 from "Annexure 7.1" (PDF). Report of the Thirteenth Finance Commission (2010-2015) (PDF) (Report). p. 381. with figures in crore of Indian Rupees. Data for Union territories except Delhi is not available.

List of states and union territories of India by television ownership

This is a list of the States of India ranked in order of percentage of households

having a television set. On March 13, 2012, the Ministry of Home Affairs of the government of India released comprehensive data under "Houselisting and Housing Census" which was collected as part of the Decennial Census exercise conducted in 2011. The Census of India 2001 results have also been provided for comparison.

List of states and union territories of India by unemployment rate

This is a list of States of India of India ranked according to unemployment. The list is compiled from the Report on Fifth Annual Employment-Unemployment Survey (2018–19) from Ministry of Labour and Employment, Government of India.Gujarat has the least unemployment rate among the Indian states, while Tripura has the highest unemployment rate. (Higher rank represents lower unemployment among the population). National average stands at 50. Interactive map of below data is available here.

List of states and union territories of India by vaccination coverage

This is a list of the States of India ranked in order of percentage of children between 12–23 months of age

who received all recommended vaccines. This information was compiled from National Family Health Survey - 4 published by International Institute for Population Sciences.

Union territory

A union territory is a type of administrative division in the Republic of India. Unlike the states of India, which have their own governments, union territories are federal territories governed directly by the union government (central government), hence it is named as union territory

States and union territories of India
States
Union Territories
Climate
Geology
Landforms
Regions
Subdivisions
Environment
Articles on first-level administrative divisions of Asian countries
Sovereign states
States with
limited recognition

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