India is a federal union comprising 29 states and 7 union territories, for a total of 36 entities. The states and union territories are further subdivided into districts and smaller administrative divisions.
|States and union territories of India|
|Location||Republic of India|
7 Union territories
|Populations||States: 610,577 Sikkim – 199,812,341 Uttar Pradesh|
Union Territories: 64,473 Lakshadweep – 16,787,941 National Capital Territory
|Areas||States: 3,702 km2 (1,429 sq mi) Goa – 342,269 km2 (132,151 sq mi) Rajasthan|
Union territories: 32 km2 (12 sq mi) Lakshadweep – 8,249 km2 (3,185 sq mi) Andaman and Nicobar Islands
|Government||State governments, Union Government (Union territories)|
The Indian subcontinent has been ruled by many different ethnic groups throughout its history, each instituting their own policies of administrative division in the region. During the British Raj, the original administrative structure was mostly kept, and India was divided into provinces (also called Presidencies) that were directly governed by the British and princely states which were nominally controlled by a local prince or raja loyal to the British Empire, which held de facto sovereignty (suzerainty) over the princely states.
Between 1947 and 1950 the territories of the princely states were politically integrated into the Indian Union. Most were merged into existing provinces; others were organised into new provinces, such as Rajputana, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Bharat, and Vindhya Pradesh, made up of multiple princely states; a few, including Mysore, Hyderabad, Bhopal, and Bilaspur, became separate provinces. The new Constitution of India, which came into force on 26 January 1950, made India a sovereign democratic republic. The new republic was also declared to be a "Union of States". The constitution of 1950 distinguished between three main types of states:
The Union Territory of Puducherry was created in 1954 comprising the previous French enclaves of Pondichéry, Karaikal, Yanam and Mahé. Andhra State was created on 1 October 1953 from the Telugu-speaking northern districts of Madras State.
The States Reorganisation Act of 1956 reorganised the states based on linguistic lines resulting in the creation of the new states. As a result of this act, Madras State retained its name with Kanyakumari district added to form Travancore-Cochin. Andhra Pradesh was created with the merger of Andhra State with the Telugu-speaking districts of Hyderabad State in 1956. Kerala was created with the merger of Malabar district and the Kasaragod taluk of South Canara districts of Madras State with Travancore-Cochin. Mysore State was re-organized with the addition of districts of Bellary and South Canara (excluding Kasaragod taluk) and the Kollegal taluk of Coimbatore district from the Madras State, the districts of Belgaum, Bijapur, North Canara and Dharwad from Bombay State, the Kannada-majority districts of Bidar, Raichur and Gulbarga from Hyderabad State and the province of Coorg. The Laccadive Islands which were divided between South Canara and Malabar districts of Madras State were united and organised into the union territory of Lakshadweep.
Bombay State was enlarged by the addition of Saurashtra State and Kutch State, the Marathi-speaking districts of Nagpur Division of Madhya Pradesh and Marathwada region of Hyderabad State. Rajasthan and Punjab gained territories from Ajmer and Patiala and East Punjab States Union respectively and certain territories of Bihar was transferred to West Bengal.
Bombay State was split into the linguistic states of Gujarat and Maharashtra on 1 May 1960 by the Bombay Reorganisation Act. Nagaland was formed on 1 December 1963. The Punjab Reorganisation Act of 1966 resulted in the creation of Haryana on 1 November and the transfer of the northern districts of Punjab to Himachal Pradesh. The act also designated Chandigarh as a union territory and the shared capital of Punjab and Haryana.
Madras state was renamed Tamil Nadu in 1968. North-eastern states of Manipur, Meghalaya and Tripura were formed on 21 January 1972. Mysore State was renamed as Karnataka in 1973. On 16 May 1975, Sikkim became the 22nd state of the Indian Union and the state's monarchy was abolished. In 1987, Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram became states on 20 February, followed by Goa on 30 May, while Goa's northern exclaves of Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli became separate union territories.
In November 2000, three new states were created; namely, Chhattisgarh from eastern Madhya Pradesh, Uttaranchal from northwest Uttar Pradesh (renamed Uttarakhand in 2007) and Jharkhand from southern districts of Bihar. Orissa was renamed as Odisha in 2011. Telangana was created on 2 June 2014 as ten former districts of north-western Andhra Pradesh.
|Andhra Pradesh||IN-AP||AP||Southern||Hyderabad (de jure)
Amaravati (de facto) Note 1
|Visakhapatnam||1 October 1953||49,506,799||160,205||Telugu||—|
|Arunachal Pradesh||IN-AR||AR||North-Eastern||Itanagar||20 February 1987||1,383,727||83,743||English||—|
|Assam||IN-AS||AS||North-Eastern||Dispur||Guwahati||26 January 1950||31,205,576||78,550||Assamese||Bengali|
|Bihar||IN-BR||BR||Eastern||Patna||26 January 1950||104,099,452||94,163||Hindi||Urdu|
|Chhattisgarh||IN-CT||CG||Central||Raipur||1 November 2000||25,545,198||135,194||Hindi||—|
|Goa||IN-GA||GA||Western||Panaji||Vasco da Gama||30 May 1987||1,458,545||3,702||Konkani||Marathi|
|Gujarat||IN-GJ||GJ||Western||Gandhinagar||Ahmedabad||1 May 1960||60,439,692||196,024||Gujarati||—|
|Haryana||IN-HR||HR||Northern||Chandigarh||Faridabad||1 November 1966||25,351,462||44,212||Hindi||Punjabi|
|Himachal Pradesh||IN-HP||HP||Northern||Shimla (Summer)
|Shimla||25 January 1971||6,864,602||55,673||Hindi||English|
|Jammu and Kashmir||IN-JK||JK||Northern||Srinagar (Summer)
|Srinagar||26 January 1950||12,541,302||222,236
|Jharkhand||IN-JH||JH||Eastern||Ranchi||Jamshedpur||15 November 2000||32,988,134||74,677||Hindi||Urdu|
|Karnataka||IN-KA||KA||Southern||Bengaluru||1 November 1956||61,095,297||191,791||Kannada||English|
|Kerala||IN-KL||KL||Southern||Thiruvananthapuram||Kochi||1 November 1956||33,406,061||38,863||Malayalam||English|
|Madhya Pradesh||IN-MP||MP||Central||Bhopal||Indore||1 November 1956||72,626,809||308,252||Hindi||—|
|Mumbai||1 May 1960||112,374,333||307,713||Marathi||—|
|Manipur||IN-MN||MN||North-Eastern||Imphal||21 January 1972||2,855,794||22,347||Meitei||English|
|Meghalaya||IN-ML||ML||North-Eastern||Shillong||21 January 1972||2,966,889||22,720||English||Khasi[a]|
|Mizoram||IN-MZ||MZ||North-Eastern||Aizawl||20 February 1987||1,097,206||21,081||English, Hindi, Mizo||—|
|Nagaland||IN-NL||NL||North-Eastern||Kohima||Dimapur||1 December 1963||1,978,502||16,579||English||—|
|Odisha||IN-OR||OD||Eastern||Bhubaneswar||26 January 1950||41,974,218||155,820||Odia||—|
|Punjab||IN-PB||PB||Northern||Chandigarh||Ludhiana||1 November 1966||27,743,338||50,362||Punjabi||—|
|Rajasthan||IN-RJ||RJ||Northern||Jaipur||1 November 1956||68,548,437||342,269||Hindi||English|
|Sikkim||IN-SK||SK||North-Eastern||Gangtok||16 May 1975||610,577||7,096||English||Bhutia, Gurung, Lepcha, Limbu, Manggar, Mukhia, Newari, Rai, Sherpa, Tamang|
|Tamil Nadu||IN-TN||TN||Southern||Chennai||26 January 1950||72,147,030||130,058||Tamil||English|
|Telangana||IN-TG||TS||Southern||HyderabadNote 1||2 June 2014||35,193,978||114,840||Telugu, Urdu||—|
|Tripura||IN-TR||TR||North-Eastern||Agartala||21 January 1972||3,673,917||10,492||Bengali, English, Kokborok||—|
|Uttar Pradesh||IN-UP||UP||Central||Lucknow||Kanpur||26 January 1950||199,812,341||243,286||Hindi||Urdu|
|Uttarakhand||IN-UT||UK||Central||DehradunNote 3||9 November 2000||10,086,292||53,483||Hindi||Sanskrit|
|West Bengal||IN-WB||WB||Eastern||Kolkata||26 January 1950||91,276,115||88,752||Bengali, Nepali[b]||Hindi, Odia, Punjabi, Santali, and Urdu|
|Union territory||ISO 3166-2:IN||Vehicle code||Capital||Largest city||Population||Area
|Andaman and Nicobar Islands||IN-AN||AN||Port Blair||380,581||8,249||English, Hindi||—|
|Dadra and Nagar Haveli||IN-DN||DN||Silvassa||343,709||491||Gujarati, Hindi||Marathi|
|Daman and Diu||IN-DD||DD||Daman||243,247||112||English, Gujarati, Hindi, Konkani[d]||—|
|Delhi||IN-DL||DL||New Delhi||—[e]||16,787,941||1,490||Hindi||Punjabi, Urdu|
|Puducherry||IN-PY||PY||Pondicherry||1,247,953||492||English, Tamil||Malayalam, Telugu|
|Madhya Bharat||Gwalior (winter)
|Eastern States Union||Raipur||1947–1948||Bihar, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh|
|Madras State||Madras||1950–1969||Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka|
|Patiala and East Punjab States Union||Patiala||1948–1956||Punjab|
|Bombay State||Bombay||1947–1960||Maharashtra, Gujarat|
|Bhopal State||Bhopal||1949–1956||Madhya Pradesh|
|Coorg State||Madikeri||1950–1956||Mysore State|
|Travancore-Cochin||Trivandrum||1949–1956||Kerala, Madras State|
|Hyderabad State||Hyderabad||1948–1956||Andhra Pradesh, Telangana (since 2014) and partially Maharashtra, North Karnataka|
|Vindhya Pradesh||Rewa||1948–1956||Madhya Pradesh|
|Kutch State||Bhuj||1947–1956||Bombay State|
|Bilaspur State||Bilaspur||1948–1954||Himachal Pradesh|
|Cooch Behar State||Cooch Behar||1949||West Bengal|
India, officially the Republic of India is a country in South Asia. It is made up of 29 states and 7 union territories. All Indian states have their own government and theUnion territories come under the jurisdiction of the Central Government. As most of the other countries India too has a national emblem—the Lion Capital of Sarnath.
Apart from India's national emblem, each of its States and Union Territories have their own state seals and symbols which include state animals, birds, trees, flowers etc. A list of state animals of India is given below. See Symbols of Indian states and territories for a complete list of all State characters and seals.List of Indian state birds
India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is made up of 29 states and 7 union territories. All Indian states have their own government and union territories come under the jurisdiction of the central government. As with most of the other countries India, has a national emblem—the Lion Capital of Sarnath.
Apart from India's national emblem, each of its states and union territories have their own seals and symbols which include animals, birds, trees, flowers, etc. A list of state birds of India is given below. See Symbols of Indian states and territories for a complete list of all state characters and seals.List of Indian state flowers
India, officially the Republic of India is a country in South Asia. It is made up of 29 states and 7 union territories. All Indian states have their own government and Union territories come under the jurisdiction of the Central Government. As most of the other countries India too has a national emblem—the Lion Capital of Sarnath.
Apart from India's national emblem, each of its States and Union Territories have their own state seals and symbols which include state animals, birds, trees, flowers etc. A list of state flowers of India is given below. See Symbols of Indian states and territories for a complete list of all State characters and seals.List of Indian state trees
India, officially the Republic of India is a country in South Asia. It is made up of 29 states and 7 union territories. All Indian states have their own government and the Union territories come under the jurisdiction of the Central Government. As most of the other countries India too has a national emblem—the Lion Capital of Sarnath.
Apart from India's national emblem, each of its States and Union Territories have their own state seals and symbols which include state animals, birds, trees, flowers etc. A list of state trees of India is given below. See Symbols of Indian states and territories for a complete list of all State characters and seals.List of Indian states and union territories by GDP
These are lists of Indian states and union territories by their nominal gross state domestic product (GSDP). GSDP is the sum of all value added by industries within each state or union territory and serves as a counterpart to the national gross domestic product (GDP).In India, the Government accounts for around 20% of the GDP, Agriculture accounts for 20%, the corporate sector accounts for 12% and the balance 48% of the GDP is sourced from small proprietorship and partnership companies, the so-called unorganized sector and households.List of Indian states and union territories by GDP per capita
This is a list of Indian states and union territories by NSDP per capita. Net state domestic product (NSDP) is the state counterpart to a country's Net domestic product (NDP), which equals the gross domestic product (GDP) minus depreciation on a country's capital goods. The following table gives the latest available nominal NSDP per capita figures for the States and Union Territories of India at current prices in Indian rupees. No data is available for the union territories of Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu and Lakshadweep.
Notes^1 NSDP PPP per capita is calculated from Implied PPP conversion rate from IMF
^2 Denotes National Income (NDP) per capita; not to be confused with GDP per capitaList of Indian states and union territories by literacy rate
Literacy rate in India is uneven and as such, different States and Union Territories of India have differences in their literacy rates. The following table shows the 2011 and 2001 census data on total literacy rate, male literacy rate, female literacy rate and decadal difference in percentage. According to Census 2011, Kerala has the highest total literacy rate and female literacy rate whereas Lakshadweep had the highest male literacy rate. Bihar has the lowest total literacy rate and male literacy rates while Rajasthan has the lowest female literacy rate. Literacy figures are collected by census takers which essentially means literacy (or lack thereof ) is self assessed.List of states and union territories of India by area
The following is a list of states and union territories of the Republic of India by area from largest to smallest according to the census of 2011. India consists of 29 states and 7 union territories.List of states and union territories of India by crime rate
This is a list of States and Union Territories of India ranked by the recognizable Crime Rate as on 2012 and 2015, and represents the number of cognizable crimes occurred for every 100,000 persons. The list is compiled from the 2016 Crime in India Report published by National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), Government of IndiaAs of 2016, Delhi has the highest cognizable crime rate of 974.9 (per 100,000 persons) and Uttar Pradesh has the highest incidence of crime based on percentage of share. Lakshwadeep has the lowest crime rate of 43.9 (per 100,000 persons) as well as the lowest incidence of crime based on percentage of share.List of states and union territories of India by fertility rate
This is a list of the States and union territories of India of India ranked in order of number of children born for each woman. Recent surveys show that majority of Indian states fertility rate has fallen well below the replacement level of 2.1 and the country is fast approaching the replacement level itself. The total fertility rate of India stands at 2.2 as of 2017.
Country comparisons use data from the Population Reference Bureau.List of states and union territories of India by households having electricity
This is a list of the states and union territories of India ranked in order of percentage of households having electricity as the source of lighting. This information is based on 2011 and 2001 data as published by 2011 census of India and 2015-16 National Family Health Survey (NFHS). In default display, the ranking is based on 2015-16 NFHS data.
As of 2019, 14 states and UTs have achieved 100% household electrification:
West Bengal: 1,50,57,882 households
Bihar: 1,39,73,122 households
Madhya Pradesh: 1,26,21,007 households
Andhra Pradesh: 1,14,25,248 households
Gujarat: 1,14,14,532 households
Tamil Nadu: 1,02,85,848 households
Kerala: 98,13,032 households
Telangana: 65,13,375 households
Punjab: 36,89,970 households
Jammu & Kashmir: 24,39,547 households
Tripura: 7,88,783 households
Mizoram: 2,41,682 households
Goa: 1,28,208 households
Puducherry: 95,616 householdsList of states and union territories of India by population
India is a union of 29 states and 7 union territories. As of 2011, with an estimated population of 1.2 billion, India is the world's second most populous country after the People's Republic of China. India occupies 2.4% of the world's land surface area and is home to 17.5% of the world's population. After the Indo-Gangetic Plain, the eastern and western coastal regions of the Deccan Plateau are the most densely populated regions of India. The Thar Desert in western Rajasthan is one of the most densely populated deserts in the world. The northern and north-eastern states along the Himalayas contain cold arid deserts with fertile valleys.List of states and union territories of India by sex ratio
Sex ratio is used to describe the number of females per 1000 of males. In India it is especially significant because the ratio is heavily skewed towards men. In the Population Census of 2011 it was revealed that the population ratio of India 2011 is 943
females per 1000 of males. The Sex Ratio 2011 shows an upward trend from the census 2001 data. Census 2001 revealed that there were 933 females to that of 1000 males.
The male-skew in India's sex ratio has increased significantly since the early 20th century. In 1901 there were 3.2 million fewer women than men in India, but by the 2001 Census the disparity had increased by more than a factor of 10, to 35 million. This increase has been variously attributed to female infanticide, selective abortions (aided by increasing access to prenatal sex discernment procedures), and female child neglect. It has been suggested that the motivation for this selection against female children is due to the lower status and perceived usefulness of women in India's patriarchal society.List of states and union territories of India by suicide rate
Suicide in India is a national social issue. In the year 2015, India recorded 1,33,623 suicides, an increase of 1.4% from 2014's 1,31,666 suicides. This is a list of States and Union Territories of India ranked according to suicide rate as on 2015. The rate is calculated as number of suicides per 1 lakh (100,000) people. The list is compiled from the 2015 Suicidal Deaths in India report published by National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), Government of IndiaTop three States with highest suicide rates are Puducherry, Sikkim and Andaman and Nicobar Islands respectively, while Bihar recorded lowest suicide rates.List of states and union territories of India by tax revenues
This is a list of States of India by projected own tax revenues of their governments (excluding the shares from Union tax pool) for the year 2010–15 from "Annexure 7.1" (PDF). Report of the Thirteenth Finance Commission (2010-2015) (PDF) (Report). p. 381. with figures in crore of Indian Rupees. Data for Union territories except Delhi is not available.List of states and union territories of India by television ownership
This is a list of the States of India ranked in order of percentage of households
having a television set. On March 13, 2012, the Ministry of Home Affairs of the government of India released comprehensive data under "Houselisting and Housing Census" which was collected as part of the Decennial Census exercise conducted in 2011. The Census of India 2001 results have also been provided for comparison.List of states and union territories of India by unemployment rate
This is a list of States of India of India ranked according to unemployment. The list is compiled from the Report on Fifth Annual Employment-Unemployment Survey (2018–19) from Ministry of Labour and Employment, Government of India.Gujarat has the least unemployment rate among the Indian states, while Tripura has the highest unemployment rate. (Higher rank represents lower unemployment among the population). National average stands at 50. Interactive map of below data is available here.List of states and union territories of India by vaccination coverage
This is a list of the States of India ranked in order of percentage of children between 12–23 months of age
who received all recommended vaccines. This information was compiled from National Family Health Survey - 4 published by International Institute for Population Sciences.Union territory
A union territory is a type of administrative division in the Republic of India. Unlike the states of India, which have their own governments, union territories are federal territories governed directly by the union government (central government), hence it is named as union territory
States and union territories of India
Articles on first-level administrative divisions of Asian countries