State Council of the People's Republic of China

The State Council, constitutionally[1] synonymous with the Central People's Government since 1954 (particularly in relation to local governments), is the chief administrative authority of the People's Republic of China.[2] It is chaired by the premier and includes the heads of each of the cabinet-level executive departments.[3] Currently, the council has 35 members: the premier, one executive vice premier, three other vice premiers, five state councilors (of whom two are also ministers), and 25 additional ministers and chairs of major agencies.[4] In the politics of the People's Republic of China, the Central People's Government forms one of three interlocking branches of power, the others being the Communist Party of China and the People's Liberation Army. The State Council directly oversees the various subordinate People's Governments in the provinces, and in practice maintains membership with the top levels of the Communist Party of China.

State Council of the
People's Republic of China
中华人民共和国国务院
Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó Guówùyuàn
National Emblem of the People's Republic of China (2)
Agency overview
Formed27 September 1954
Preceding agency
TypeExecutive branch of the central government
Executive body of the National People's Congress[1]
Highest organ of State administration[1]
JurisdictionGovernment of the People's Republic of China
HeadquartersState Council Hall, Zhongnanhai, Beijing
Motto"Serve the People"
Agency executives
Child agencies
WebsiteEnglish.gov.cn
State Council of the People's Republic of China
Simplified Chinese中华人民共和国国务院
Traditional Chinese中華人民共和國國務院
Literal meaning"Chinese People('s) Republic State Affair(s) Court"
State Council
(commonly used abbreviation)
Simplified Chinese国务院
Traditional Chinese國務院
Literal meaning"The Court of State Affairs"
Central People's Government
(Constitutional synonym[1])
Chinese中央人民政府
Literal meaningCentral People('s) Government

Organization

The State Council meets every six months. Between meetings it is guided by a Standing Committee that meets weekly. The standing committee includes the premier, one executive vice premier, three vice premiers, and five other state councilors (normally one of whom serves as Secretary-General of the State Council, and two of whom concurrently serve as ministers).

The vice-premiers and state councilors are nominated by the premier, and appointed by the president with National People's Congress' (NPC) approval. Incumbents may serve two successive five-year terms.

Each vice premier oversees certain areas of administration. Each State Councilor performs duties as designated by the Premier. The secretary-general heads the General Office which handles the day-to-day work of the State Council. The secretary-general has relatively little power and should not be confused with the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China.

Each ministry supervises one sector. Commissions outrank ministries and set policies for and coordinate the related activities of different administrative organs. Offices deal with matters of ongoing concern. Bureaus and administrations rank below ministries.

In addition to the 25 ministries, there are 38 centrally administered government organizations that report directly to the state council. The heads of these organizations attend full meetings of the state committee on an irregular basis.

In practice, the vice premiers and State Councilors assume responsibility for one or more sectors or issues, and remain in contact with the various bodies responsible for policy related to that area. This allows the Standing Committee to oversee a wide range of government functions.

The State Council, like all other governmental bodies, is nominally responsible to the NPC and its Standing Committee in conducting a wide range of government functions both at the national and at the local levels, and nominally acts by virtue of the NPC's authority. In practice, however, the NPC had historically done little more than ratify decisions already made by the State Council. More recently, however, the NPC has taken on a more independent role. There has been at least one case where the NPC has outright rejected an initiative of the State Council and a few cases where the State Council has withdrawn or greatly modified a proposal in response to NPC opposition.

The State Council and the Communist Party of China are also tightly interlocked. With rare exceptions, State Councilors are high-ranking members of the CPC. Although, as Party members, they are supposed to follow Party instructions, because they tend to be senior members of the Party they also have substantial influence over what those instructions are. This results in a system which is unlike the Soviet practice in which the Party effectively controlled the State. Rather, the Party and State are fused at this level of government. The members of the State Council derive their authority from being members of the state, while as members of the Party they coordinate their activities and determine key decisions such as the naming of personnel.

There were attempts to separate the party and state in the late 1980s under Deng Xiaoping and Zhao Ziyang and have the Party in charge of formulating policy and the State Council executing policy, but these efforts were largely abandoned in the early 1990s.

As the chief administrative organ of government, its main functions are to formulate administrative measures, issue decisions and orders, and monitor their implementation; draft legislative bills for submission to the NPC or its Standing Committee; and prepare the economic plan and the state budget for deliberation and approval by the NPC. The State Council is the functional center of state power and clearinghouse for government initiatives at all levels. With the government's emphasis on economic modernization, the State Council clearly acquired additional importance and influence.

The State Council controls the Ministry for National Defense but does not control the People's Liberation Army, which is instead controlled by the Central Military Commission.

Members

Executive Meeting

Members of the Executive Meeting of the 13th State Council (March 2018 – March 2023)
# Portrait
Name
Birth
year
Government posts Duties Party Party positions Functional roles
1 Li Keqiang (cropped)
Li Keqiang
李克强
1955 Premier Overall work of the State Council CPC Member, 19th PSC
Secretary, SC Party Group
Deputy Chairman, Central National Security Commission
Director, Central Institutional Organization Commission
Director, National Defense Mobilization Commission
Director, National Energy Commission
2 Cristina Fernández junto a Han Zheng, el alcalde de Shanghai (cropped)
Han Zheng
韩正
1954 Vice Premier

(first-ranked)

Develop & reform, institutional reform, etc. CPC Member, 19th PSC
Deputy Secretary, SC Party Group
3 Sun Chunlan (22551034609) (cropped)
Sun Chunlan
孙春兰
(female)
1950 Vice Premier Education, health, sport, etc. CPC Member, 19th Politburo
Member, SC Party Group
国家科技教育领导小组副组长
国务院深化医药卫生体制改革领导小组组长
国务院防治艾滋病工作委员会主任
国务院学位委员会主任
国务院妇女儿童工作委员会主任
中国足球改革领导小组组长
4 Hu Chunhua
Hu Chunhua
胡春华
1963 Vice Premier Agricultural and rural affairs, anti-poverty, water resources, foreign trade CPC Member, 19th Politburo
Member, SC Party Group
国家防汛抗旱总指挥部总指挥
国务院抗震救灾指挥部指挥长
国务院扶贫开发领导小组组长
5 Liu He
刘鹤
1952 Vice Premier Finance, science and technology, industry and transport CPC Member, 19th Politburo
Member, SC Party Group
Director of the Central Financial and Economic Affairs Commission Office
6 Wei Fenghe
General
Wei Fenghe
魏凤和
1954 State Councilor

Minister of National Defense

National defense mobilization, etc. CPC Member, 19th Central Committee
Member, SC Party Group
Member, Central Military Commission
Member, Central Foreign Affairs Commission
Director, 国家边海防委员会
7 Wang Yong
王勇
1955 State Councilor Emergency management, etc. CPC Member, 19th Central Committee
Member, SC Party Group
中央财经领导小组成员
国务院安全生产委员会副主任
国家减灾委员会主任
国务院残疾人工作委员会主任
全国老龄工作委员会主任
8 Wang Yi - 2017 (36537168903) (cropped)
Wang Yi
王毅
1953 State Councilor

Minister of Foreign Affairs

Foreign affairs CPC Member, 19th Central Committee
Member, SC Party Group
Member, Central Foreign Affairs Commission
9 Xiao Jie (cropped)
Xiao Jie
肖捷
1957 State Councillor

Secretary-General

In charge of the General Office CPC Member, 19th Central Committee
Member, SC Party Group
Secretary, SC Offices Party Group
10 Zhao Kezhi (cropped)
Police Commissioner-General
Zhao Kezhi
赵克志
1953 State Councillor

Minister of Public Security

Public security, etc. CPC Member, 19th Central Committee
Member, SC Party Group
Member, Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission
Member, Central National Security Commission
国家禁毒委员会主任
国家反恐怖工作领导小组组长
国务院安全生产委员会副主任

Plenary Meeting

The Plenary Meeting of State Council is hosted by the Premier, joined by Vice Premiers, State Councilor, Ministers (of Ministry), Ministers (in charge of Commissions), the Governor of People's Bank, the Auditor-General and the Secretary General. It usually runs bi-annually and when necessary, non-members can be invited to participate.

Organizational structure

General Office of the State Council

Cabinet-level Ministries under the Council

Cabinet-level Ministries constituting the 13th State Council (March 2018 – March 2023)
# Logo Name of Department Year Established Current Chief Party Reports To
1 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg Ministry of Foreign Affairs
外交部
1949 (of CPG)
1954 (of PRC)
Wang Yi
王毅
State Councilor and Minister of Foreign Affairs
CPC General Secretary Xi Jinping (Director of the Central Foreign Affairs Commission)
Yang Jiechi (Director of the CFAC Office)
2 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg Ministry of National Defense
国防部
1954 (of PRC) General
Wei Fenghe
魏凤和
(Member of the Central Military Commission)
State Councilor and Minister of National Defense
CPC General Secretary Xi Jinping (Chairman of the Central Military Commission)
3 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC)
国家发展和改革委员会
2003 He Lifeng
何立峰
(Vice-Chairman of the CPPCC National Committee)
Minister in charge of the National Development and Reform Commission
CPC Vice-Premier Han Zheng
4 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg Ministry of Education (MOE)
教育部
1949 (of CPG)
1954 (of PRC)
Chen Baosheng
陈宝生
Minister of Education
CPC Vice-Premier Sun Chunlan
5 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg Ministry of Science and Technology
科学技术部
1998 Wang Zhigang
王志刚
Minister of Science and Technology
CPC Vice-Premier Liu He
6 Embelem of Ministry of Industry and Information Technology.png Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT)
工业和信息化部
2008 Miao Wei
苗圩
Minister of Industry and Information Technology
CPC
7 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg State Ethnic Affairs Commission (SEAC)
国家民族事务委员会
1949 (of CPG)
1954 (of PRC)
Bagatur (Mongol)
ᠪᠠᠭᠠᠲᠤᠷ
巴特尔
(Vice-Chairman of the CPPCC National Committee)
Minister in charge of the State Ethnic Affairs Commission
CPC You Quan (Head of the CPC Central Committee United Front Work Department)
8 Police Badge,P.R.China.svg Ministry of Public Security (MPS)
公安部
1949 (of CPG)
1954 (of PRC)
Police Commissioner-General
Zhao Kezhi
赵克志
State Councilor and Minister of Public Security
CPC Guo Shengkun (Secretary of the CPC Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission)
9 Ministry of State Security of the People's Republic of China.svg Ministry of State Security (MSS)
国家安全部
1983 Chen Wenqing
陈文清
Minister of State Security
CPC
10 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg Ministry of Civil Affairs (MCA)
民政部
1978 Huang Shuxian
黄树贤
Minister of Civil Affairs
CPC
11 JUSTICE OF P.R.CHINA badge.svg Ministry of Justice
司法部
1949 (of CPG)
1954 (of PRC)
1979 (re-established)
Fu Zhenghua
傅政华
Minister of Justice
CPC Guo Shengkun (Secretary of the CPC Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission)
12 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg Ministry of Finance
财政部
1949 (of CPG)
1954 (of PRC)
Liu Kun
刘昆Minister of Finance
CPC Vice-Premier Han Zheng
13 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security (MOHRSS)
人力资源和社会保障部
2008 Zhang Jinan
张纪南
Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security
CPC Vice-Premier Hu Chunhua
14 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg Ministry Natural Resources
自然资源部
2018 Lu Hao
陆昊
Minister of Natural Resources
CPC Vice-Premier Han Zheng
15 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg Ministry of Ecology and Environment
生态环境部
2018 Li Ganjie
李干杰
Minister of Ecology and Environment
CPC
16 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development
住房和城乡建设部
2008 Wang Menghui
王蒙徽
Minister of Housing and Urban-Rural Development
CPC
17 Traffic law enforcement signs of the P.R.China.svg Ministry of Transport (MOT)
交通运输部
2008 Li Xiaopeng
李小鹏
Minister of Transport
CPC Vice-Premier Liu He
18 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg Ministry of Water Resources
水利部
1949 (of CPG)
1954 (of PRC)
E Jingping
鄂竟平
Minister of Water Resources
CPC Vice-Premier Hu Chunhua
19 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs
农业农村部
2018 Han Changfu
韩长赋
Minister of Agriculture and Rural Affairs
CPC
20 MINISTRY OF COMMERCE,P.R.CHINA badge.svg Ministry of Commerce (MOFCOM)
商务部
2003 Zhong Shan
钟山
Minister of Commerce
CPC
21 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg Ministry of Culture and Tourism
文化和旅游部
2018 Luo Shugang
雒树刚
Minister of Culture and Tourism
CPC Huang Kunming (Head of the CPC Central Committee Publicity Department)
22 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg National Health Commission
国家卫生健康委员会
2018 Ma Xiaowei
马晓伟
Minister in charge of the National Health Commission
CPC Vice-Premier Sun Chunlan
23 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg Ministry of Veterans Affairs
退役军人事务部
2018 Sun Shaocheng
孙绍骋
Minister of Veterans Affairs
CPC
24 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg Ministry of Emergency Management
应急管理部
2018 Wang Yupu
王玉普
Minister of Emergency Management
CPC State Councilor Wang Yong
25 People's Bank of China (PBC)
中国人民银行
1948 Yi Gang
易纲
Governor of the People's Bank of China
CPC Vice-Premier Liu He (Director of the Central Financial and Economic Affairs Commission Office)
26 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg National Audit Office
审计署
1983 Hu Zejun (female)
胡泽君
Auditor-General of the National Audit Office
CPC Premier Li Keqiang
∟ Vice-Premier Han Zheng

Special Organization directly under the State Council

Organizations directly under the State Council

  1. General Administration of Customs of the People's Republic of China (中华人民共和国海关总署)
  2. State Administration of Taxation (国家税务总局)
  3. State Administration for Market Regulation (国家市场监督管理总局)
  4. National Radio and Television Administration (国家广播电影总局)
  5. General Administration of Sport (国家体育总局)
  6. National Bureau of Statistics (国家统计局)
  7. China International Development Cooperation Agency (国家国际发展合作署)
  8. National Healthcare Security Administration (国家医疗保障局)
  9. Counselor's Office of the State Council (国务院参事室)
  10. National Government Offices Administration (国家机关事务管理局), formerly the "Government Offices Administration of the State Council" (国务院机关事务管理局)
  11. National Press and Publication Administration (国家新闻出版署), additional name "National Copyright Administration" (国家版权局), a name reserved by the Publicity Department of the Communist Party of China
  12. National Religious Affairs Administration (国家宗教事务局), a name reserved by the United Front Work Department of the Communist Party of China

Administrative Offices under the State Council

  1. Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office of the State Council (国务院港澳事务办公室)
  2. State Council Research Office (国务院研究室)

Institutions directly under the State Council

Ministry-level
  1. Xinhua News Agency (administered by the CPC Central Publicity Department)
  2. Chinese Academy of Sciences
  3. Chinese Academy of Engineering
  4. Chinese Academy of Social Sciences
  5. Development Research Center of the State Council
  6. China Media Group (administered by the CPC Central Publicity Department)
  7. China Banking and Insurance Regulatory Commission
  8. China Securities Regulatory Commission
Sub-ministry-level
  1. China Meteorological Administration

State Administrations and Bureaus administrated by ministry-level agencies

  1. National Public Complaints and Proposals Administration (国家信访局), administrated by the State Council General Office
  2. National Food and Strategic Reserves Administration (国家粮食和物资储备局), administrated by the National Development and Reform Commission
  3. National Energy Administration (国家能源局), administrated by the National Development and Reform Commission
  4. State Administration of Science, Technology and Industry for National Defense (国家国防科技工业局), administrated by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology
  5. State Tobacco Monopoly Administration (国家烟草专卖局) (officially sharing its office with China National Tobacco Corporation), administrated by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology
  6. National Immigration Administration (国家移民管理局), administrated by the Ministry of Public Security
  7. National Forestry and Grassland Administration (国家林业和草原局), administrated by the Ministry of Natural Resources
  8. National Railway Administration (国家铁路局), administrated by the Ministry of Transport
  9. Civil Aviation Administration of China (CAAC) (中国民用航空局), administrated by the Ministry of Transport
  10. State Post Bureau (国家邮政局), administrated by the Ministry of Transport, officially sharing its office with China Post Group Corporation
  11. National Cultural Heritage Administration (国家文物局), administrated by the Ministry of Culture and Tourism
  12. National Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine (国家中医药管理局), administrated by the National Health Commission
  13. National Coal Mine Safety Administration (国家煤矿安全监察局), administrated by the Ministry of Emergency Management
  14. State Administration of Foreign Exchange (国家外汇管理局), administrated by the People's Bank of China
  15. National Medical Products Administration (国家药品监督管理局), formerly China Food and Drug Administration (CFDA) (国家食品药品监督管理总局), now administrated by the State Administration for Market Regulation
  16. National Intellectual Property Administration (国家知识产权局), administrated by the State Administration for Market Regulation

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d Article 85 of the Constitution of the People's Republic of China
  2. ^ "The State Council". English.peopledaily.com.cn. Retrieved 2018-01-18.
  3. ^ "The State Council". Gov.cn. Retrieved 2018-01-18.
  4. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-10-24. Retrieved 2011-12-04.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)

External links

China Banking and Insurance Regulatory Commission

The China Banking and Insurance Regulatory Commission (CBIRC) is an agency of the People's Republic of China (PRC) authorised by the State Council to

Supervise the establishment and ongoing business activities of banking and insurance institutions.

Take enforcement actions against regulatory violations.The CBIRC was established in April 2018 by a merger of China's banking and insurance regulators, namely, the China Banking Regulatory Commission (CBRC) and China Insurance Regulatory Commission (CIRC).

China International Development Cooperation Agency

The China International Development Cooperation Agency (CIDCA; Chinese: 国家国际发展合作署) is a sub-ministry-level executive agency directly under the State Council of the People's Republic of China. It was formerly the Department of Foreign Aid of the Ministry of Commerce (MOFCOM). It aims to coordinate policies for foreign aid.

China Securities Regulatory Commission

The China Securities Regulatory Commission (CSRC) is an institution of the State Council of the People's Republic of China (PRC), with ministry-level rank. It is the main regulator of the securities industry in China.

Chinese Academy of Governance

Chinese Academy of Governance (CAG) is a training institution for middle and senior government officials of the Chinese government, located in Beijing and directly under the leadership of the Chinese State Council. CAG was established in 1994,its former English name is China National School of Administration (CNSA), the name CNSA was changed to the present name Chinese Academy of Governance in 2010.

Under the plan on deepening reform of Party and State Institutions, the CAG was merged to the Central Party School in March 2018.

Development Research Center of the State Council

Development Research Center (DRC; Chinese: 国务院发展研究中心 Hanyu Pinyin: Guówùyuàn Fāzhǎn Yánjiū Zhōngxīn) of the State Council of China is a public institution responsible for policy research, strategic review and consulting of issues related to the economic and social development on mainland China.It is an advisory body which recommends policies to CPC Central Committee and the State Council.

General Administration of Customs

The General Administration of Customs (GAC; Chinese: 海关总署; pinyin: Hǎiguān Zǒngshǔ) is a ministry-level administrative agency within the government of the People's Republic of China. It is responsible for the collection of value added tax (VAT), customs duties, excise duties, and other indirect taxes such as air passenger duty, climate change levy, insurance premium tax, landfill tax and aggregates levy. It is also responsible for managing the import and export of goods and services into China. The current minister is Ni Yuefeng, appointed in March 2018.

General Administration of Sport of China

The General Administration of Sport (Chinese: 国家体育总局; pinyin: Guójiā Tǐyù Zǒngjú) is the government agency responsible for sports in mainland China. It is subordinate to the State Council of the People's Republic of China. It also administers the All-China Sports Federation and Chinese Olympic Committee.The agency is currently led by minister Gou Zhongwen.

General Office of the State Council

General Office of the State Council of the People's Republic of China (Chinese: 中华人民共和国国务院办公厅) is an administrative agency of the State Council which assists the leaders with the day to day administrative operations of the Chinese government.It is also known as State Council General Office (Chinese: 国务院办公厅) or "State Office" (Chinese: 国办).

Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office

The Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office of the State Council is an administrative agency of the State Council of the People's Republic of China responsible for promoting cooperation and coordination of political, economic and cultural ties between Mainland China and the Chinese Special Administrative Regions of Hong Kong and Macau.

National Bureau of Statistics of China

The National Bureau of Statistics (Chinese: 国家统计局), abbreviated as NBS, is an deputy-cabinet level agency directly under the State Council of the People's Republic of China. It is responsible for collection, investigation, research and publication of statistics concerning the nation's economy, population and other aspects of the society. Ning Jizhe is the commissioner of the bureau since 2016.

National Defense Mobilization Commission

The National Defense Mobilization Commission (Chinese: 国家国防动员委员会; pinyin: Guójiā Guófáng Dòngyuán Wěiyuánhuì; abbreviated NDMC) is an organization under the State Council of the People's Republic of China and the Central Military Commission responsible for coordinating decisions concerning military affairs, strategic plans and defense mobilization. It is responsible for bringing together civic resources in the event of a war, and coordinating these efforts with military operations. The Commission is usually chaired by the Premier of the People's Republic of China. It was established by the "National Defense Mobilization Law" in November 1994.

Since 2013, Premier Li Keqiang has served as chairman of the Commission, with State Council Secretary-General Yang Jing and Defense Minister Chang Wanquan as vice chairmen, and Admiral Sun Jianfeng as secretary-general.

National Immigration Administration

National Immigration Administration (NIA; Chinese: 国家移民管理局), also known as the Exit and Entry Administration of the People's Republic of China (中华人民共和国出入境管理局), is a sub-ministry level executive agency administrated under the Ministry of Public Security. The administration is responsible for coordinating and formulating immigration policies and their implementation, border control, administering foreigners’ stay, management on refugees and nationality, taking lead in coordinating the administering of foreigners who illegally enter, stay or are employed in China, and the repatriation of illegal immigrants.

National Natural Science Foundation of China

The National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) is an organization directly affiliated to China's State Council for the management of the National Natural Science Fund.

National Public Complaints and Proposals Administration

National Public Complaints and Proposals Administration (Chinese: 国家信访局), formerly named as Letters and Calls Bureau, also known as Xinfang Bureau, Petition Administration, is a deputy-cabinet level state agency in the People's Republic of China that is subordinate to General Office of the State Council and is responsible for hearing public complaints and proposals nation-wide.

Premier of the People's Republic of China

The Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, sometimes also referred to informally as the "Prime Minister", is the Leader of the State Council of China (a.k.a. the Central People's Government), who is the head of government and holds the highest rank (Level 1) in the Civil Service. This position replaced the role of Premier of the Government Administration Council of the Central People's Government (Chinese: 中央人民政府政务院总理), which existed from 1949 to 1954.

The Premier is formally approved by the National People's Congress upon the nomination of the President. In practice, the candidate is chosen within the Communist Party of China through the same process that determines the composition of the Politburo Standing Committee. Both the President and the Premier are selected once every five years. The premier is limited to two terms, but the president is not. The Premier has always been a member of the powerful Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China.

The current Premier is Li Keqiang, who took office on 15 March 2013. He succeeded Wen Jiabao.

Secretary-General of the State Council

The Secretary-General of the State Council (Chinese: 国务院秘书长; pinyin: Guówùyuàn Mìshūzhǎng) is an executive position within the State Council of the People's Republic of China. It ranks below the Premier and above the Ministers of various ministries and departments.The current secretary general is Xiao Jie.

State Council Research Office

State Council Research Office (Chinese: 国务院研究室; pinyin: Guówùyuàn Yánjiūshì) is the administrative office within the State Council of the People's Republic of China in charge of formulating policy, conducting research, policy recommendations and consultation on strategic, organizational, services related to the State Council. It aims to improve the functions and governance of the State Council.The office was established in 1995. Its current director is Huang Shouhong.

State Ethnic Affairs Commission

The State Ethnic Affairs Commission of the People's Republic of China (SEAC) is a cabinet-level department under the State Council of the People's Republic of China and responsible for relations between the Central Government and ethnic minorities in China. In 2018, SEAC was placed under the leadership of the United Front Work Department of the Communist Party of China.

Vice Premier of the People's Republic of China

The Vice-Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China (simplified Chinese: 中华人民共和国国务院副总理; traditional Chinese: 中華人民共和國國務院副總理; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó Guówùyuàn Fùzǒnglǐ) are high-ranking executive assistants to the Premier. Generally, the title is held by multiple individuals at one time, with each Vice Premier holding a broad portfolio of responsibilities. The highest-ranked office holder is informally called the First-ranked Vice Premier (Senior Vice Premier). The 1st-ranked VP takes over duties of the Premier at the time of the latter's incapacity.

Current Vice -Premiers, in order of rank, are Han Zheng, Sun Chunlan, Hu Chunhua and Liu He.

In irregular instances, the position of a Senior Vice-Premier (第一副总理) has been named either to indicate degree of power, nominal power, or when the Premier is incapacitated and requires a full-time assistant to carry out his regular duties. The most prominent case of this is Deng Xiaoping between 1978 and 1980.

Transcriptions
Standard Mandarin
Hanyu PinyinZhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó Guówùyuàn
Transcriptions
Standard Mandarin
Hanyu PinyinGuówùyuàn
IPA[kwǒ.û.ɥɛ̂n]
Transcriptions
Standard Mandarin
Hanyu PinyinZhōngyāng Rénmín Zhèngfǔ
National Emblem of the People's Republic of China Central state organs of the People's Republic of China
National Emblem of the People's Republic of China State Council of the People's Republic of China
State Council
Agencies
directly under
the State Council
State Administrations
managed by Departments
13th State Council of the People's Republic of China (2018–2023)
Premier
Vice-Premiers
State Councilors
Ministers
Central Bank Governor
Auditor-General
National cabinets of Asia
Sovereign states
States with
limited recognition
Dependencies and
other territories
United Front
State organs
Politics of
province-level
divisions

(current leaders)
Typical branches
Atypical branches
Chinese branches
(Imp./ROC/PRC)
By country
See also

Languages

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