Stark County, Ohio

Stark County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 375,586.[1] Its county seat is Canton.[2] The county was created in 1808 and organized the next year.[3] It is named for John Stark, an officer in the American Revolutionary War.[4]

Stark County is included in the Canton-Massillon, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Cleveland-Akron-Canton, OH Combined Statistical Area.

Stark County, Ohio
Stark County Courthouse (Canton, OH) edit
Seal of Stark County, Ohio

Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Stark County

Location in the U.S. state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio

Ohio's location in the U.S.
FoundedJanuary 1, 1809
Named forJohn Stark
SeatCanton
Largest cityCanton
Area
 • Total581 sq mi (1,505 km2)
 • Land575 sq mi (1,489 km2)
 • Water5.3 sq mi (14 km2), 0.9%
Population
 • (2010)375,586
 • Density653/sq mi (252/km2)
Congressional districts7th, 13th, 16th
Time zoneEastern: UTC−5/−4
Websitewww.starkcountyohio.gov

History

Stark County was named in honor of American Revolutionary War General John Stark. John Stark (August 28, 1728 – May 8, 1822) was a general who served in the American Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. He became widely known as the "Hero of Bennington" for his exemplary service at the Battle of Bennington in 1777.

During the early 20th century, Stark County was an important location in the early development of professional football. The rivalry between the Massillon Tigers and Canton Bulldogs helped bring the Ohio League to prominence in the mid-1900s (decade) and again in the late 1910s. The Bulldogs ended up a charter member of the National Football League, where it played for several years. (The role Stark County had in developing the game is part of the reason the Pro Football Hall of Fame is located in Canton.) Two relatively large football stadiums, Fawcett Stadium in Canton and Paul Brown Tiger Stadium in Massillon, are still in use (albeit now mostly for high school football), with Fawcett Stadium hosting the NFL's annual Pro Football Hall of Fame Game each year.

In the later 20th century, Stark County's voting record swung from one party to another, closely tracking the winner of the U.S. Presidential election. Even within the swing state of Ohio, Stark County is regarded as a quintessential bellwether, and thus presidential candidates have typically made multiple visits to the region. Major media outlets typically pay close attention to the election results in the county. The New York Times in particular has covered the county's citizens and their voting concerns in a series of features each election cycle for over a decade.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 581 square miles (1,500 km2), of which 575 square miles (1,490 km2) is land and 5.3 square miles (14 km2) (0.9%) is water.[5]

Adjacent counties

Major Highways

National protected area

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18102,734
182012,406353.8%
183026,588114.3%
184034,60330.1%
185039,87815.2%
186042,9787.8%
187052,50822.2%
188064,03121.9%
189084,17031.5%
190094,74712.6%
1910122,98729.8%
1920177,21844.1%
1930221,78425.1%
1940234,8875.9%
1950283,19420.6%
1960340,34520.2%
1970372,2109.4%
1980378,8231.8%
1990367,585−3.0%
2000378,0982.9%
2010375,586−0.7%
Est. 2017372,542[6]−0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2017[1]

2000 census

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 378,098 people, 148,316 households, and 102,782 families residing in the county. The population density was 656 people per square mile (253/km²). There were 157,024 housing units at an average density of 272 per square mile (105/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 90.28% White, 7.20% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.54% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.29% from other races, and 1.43% from two or more races. 0.92% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 148,316 households out of which 31.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.20% were married couples living together, 11.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.70% were non-families. 26.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.80% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 27.80% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 15.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 92.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,824, and the median income for a family was $47,747. Males had a median income of $37,065 versus $23,875 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,417. About 6.80% of families and 9.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.90% of those under age 18 and 6.60% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 375,586 people, 151,089 households, and 100,417 families residing in the county.[12] The population density was 652.9 inhabitants per square mile (252.1/km2). There were 165,215 housing units at an average density of 287.2 per square mile (110.9/km2).[13] The racial makeup of the county was 88.7% white, 7.6% black or African American, 0.7% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.5% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.6% of the population.[12] In terms of ancestry, 33.6% were German, 15.5% were Irish, 10.1% were English, 10.1% were Italian, and 7.7% were American.[14]

Of the 151,089 households, 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.2% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.5% were non-families, and 28.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.96. The median age was 41.1 years.[12]

The median income for a household in the county was $44,941 and the median income for a family was $55,976. Males had a median income of $44,238 versus $31,896 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,015. About 9.5% of families and 12.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.5% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over.[15]

Politics

Stark county used to be Republican, but since 1992 it has become a swing county that tilts Democratic. In 2016, Donald Trump won the county by the largest margin of any presidential candidate since Ronald Reagan in 1984.

Government

Elected officials[18]

  • Commissioners: Janet Weir Creighton, Bill Smith, Richard Regula
  • Auditor: Alan Harold
  • Clerk of Courts: Louis P. Giavasis
  • Judges of the Court of Common Pleas: Hon. Kristin Farmer, Hon. John G. Haas, Hon. Taryn L. Heath, Hon. Francis G. Forchione, Hon Chryssa Hartnett
  • Coroner: P.S. Murthy M.D.
  • Engineer: Keith Bennett
  • Family Court: Hon. Rosemarie Hall, Hon Jim D. James, Hon David R. Nist
  • Probate Court: Hon. Dixie Park
  • Prosecutor: John D. Ferrero
  • Recorder: Rick Campbell
  • Sheriff: George Maier
  • Treasurer: Alexander Zumbar

Education

Colleges and universities

Community, junior, and technical colleges

  • R. G. Drage Career Technical Center

Public school districts

  • Alliance City School District
  • Canton City School District
  • Canton Local School District
  • Fairless Local School District
  • Jackson Local School District
  • Lake Local School District
  • Louisville City School District
  • Marlington Local School District
  • Massillon City School District
  • Minerva Local School District
  • North Canton City School District
  • Northwest Local School District
  • Osnaburg Local School District
  • Perry Local School District
  • Plain Local School District
  • Sandy Valley Local School District
  • Tuslaw Local School District

High schools

Communities

Map of Stark County Ohio With Municipal and Township Labels
Map of Stark County, Ohio with municipal and township labels

Cities

Villages

Townships

Prior to 1815, Stark County consisted of only eight large townships.[19] After a number of partitions and a few transfers between counties, the townships are:

https://web.archive.org/web/20160715023447/http://www.ohiotownships.org/township-websites

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 11, 2015.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ "Ohio: Individual County Chronologies". Ohio Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2007. Retrieved February 14, 2015.
  4. ^ "Stark County data". Ohio State University Extension Data Center. Retrieved 2007-04-28.
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved February 11, 2015.
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved February 11, 2015.
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 11, 2015.
  9. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 11, 2015.
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 11, 2015.
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27.
  13. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27.
  14. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27.
  15. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27.
  16. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-05-03.
  17. ^ The leading "other" candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, received 6,802 votes, while Socialist candidate Eugene Debs received 3,606 votes, Prohibition candidate Eugene Chafin received 309 votes, and Socialist Labor candidate Arthur Reimer received 71 votes.
  18. ^ Stark County Elected Officials Archived September 27, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
  19. ^ U.S. GenWeb: Ohio, Stark County, accessed February 2018.

External links

Coordinates: 40°49′N 81°22′W / 40.81°N 81.37°W

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