Star Tribune

The Star Tribune is the largest newspaper in Minnesota. It originated as the Minneapolis Tribune in 1867 and the competing Minneapolis Daily Star in 1920. During the 1930s and 1940s Minneapolis's competing newspapers were consolidated, with the Tribune published in the morning and the Star in the evening. They merged in 1982, creating the Star Tribune. After a tumultuous period in which the newspaper was sold and re-sold and filed for bankruptcy protection in 2009, it was purchased by local businessman Glen Taylor in 2014.

The Star Tribune serves Minneapolis and is distributed throughout the Minneapolis–Saint Paul metropolitan area, the state of Minnesota and the Upper Midwest. It typically contains a mixture of national, international and local news, sports, business and lifestyle content. Journalists from the Star Tribune and its predecessor newspapers have won six Pulitzer Prizes, including two in 2013. The newspaper's headquarters is in downtown Minneapolis.

Star Tribune
Star Tribune front page
Star Tribune front page, August 2, 2007
TypeDaily newspaper
FormatBroadsheet
Owner(s)Star Tribune Media Company LLC (Glen Taylor)
PublisherMichael J. Klingensmith
EditorRene Sanchez
Opinion editorScott Gillespie
FoundedMay 25, 1867
(as the Minneapolis Tribune)
August 19, 1920
(as the Minneapolis Daily Star)
HeadquartersStar Tribune Building
650 3rd Ave S.
Suite 1300
Minneapolis, MN
United States
Circulation288,315 Daily
581,063 Sunday[1]
OCLC number43369847
Websitewww.startribune.com

History

Minneapolis Tribune

The Star Tribune's roots date to the creation of the Minneapolis Daily Tribune by Colonel William S. King, William D. Washburn and Dorilus Morrison; the Tribune's first issue was published on May 25, 1867. The newspaper went through several different editors and publishers during its first two decades, including John T. Gilman, George K. Shaw, Albert Shaw and Alden J. Blethen. In 1878 the Minneapolis Evening Journal began publication, giving the Tribune its first competition. On November 30, 1889, the Tribune headquarters in downtown Minneapolis caught fire. Seven people were killed and 30 injured, and the building and presses were a total loss.[2]:3, 10–14

In 1891, the Tribune was purchased by Gilbert A. Pierce and William J. Murphy for $450,000 (equivalent to $11.2 million in 2016[3]). Pierce quickly sold his share to Thomas Lowry and Lowry sold it to Murphy, making Murphy the newspaper's sole owner. His business and legal background helped him structure the Tribune's debt and modernize its printing equipment. The newspaper experimented with partial-color printing and the use of halftone for photographs and portraits. In 1893, Murphy sent the Tribune's first correspondent to Washington, D.C. As Minneapolis grew, the newspaper's circulation expanded; the Tribune and the Evening Journal were closely competitive, with the smaller Minneapolis Times in third place. In 1905, Murphy bought out the Times and merged it with the Tribune.[2]:15–18

He died in 1918, endowing a school of journalism at the University of Minnesota. After a brief transitional period, Murphy's son Fred became the Tribune's publisher in 1921.[2]:23, 29

Minneapolis Daily Star

The other half of the newspaper's history begins with the Minnesota Daily Star, which was founded on August 19, 1920, by elements of the agrarian Nonpartisan League and backed by Thomas Van Lear and Herbert Gaston. The Daily Star had difficulty attracting advertisers with its overt political agenda, and went bankrupt in 1924. After its purchase by A. B. Frizzell and former New York Times executive John Thompson, the newspaper became the politically independent Minneapolis Daily Star.[2]:55–56[4]

Cowles era

John Cowles-194101-cropped
Star manager John Cowles, Sr.

In 1935, the Cowles family of Des Moines, Iowa, purchased the Star. The family patriarch, Gardner Cowles, Sr., had purchased The Des Moines Register and the Des Moines Tribune during the first decade of the century and managed them successfully. Gardner's son, John Cowles, Sr. (1898–1983), moved to Minneapolis to manage the Star. Under him it had the city's highest circulation, pressuring Minneapolis's other newspapers. In 1939 the Cowles family purchased the Minneapolis Evening Journal, merging the two newspapers into the Star-Journal. Tribune publisher Fred Murphy died in 1940; the following year the Cowles family bought the Tribune and merged it with their company, giving it ownership of the city's major newspapers. The Tribune became the city's morning newspaper, the Star-Journal (renamed the Star in 1947) was the evening newspaper, and they published a joint Sunday edition. A separate evening newspaper (the Times) was spun off, which published until 1948.[2]:57–62[5]

In 1944, John Cowles, Sr., hired Wisconsin native and former Tulsa Tribune editor William P. Steven as managing editor of the two newspapers; Steven became vice president and executive editor in 1954. During his tenure in Minneapolis, he was president of the Associated Press Managing Editors Association in 1949 and first chairman of the organization's Continuing Study Committee. By August 1960 John Cowles, Jr., was vice president and associate editor of the two papers, and it was soon apparent that he disapproved of Steven's hard-nosed approach to journalism. When Steven chafed under the younger Cowles's management, he was fired.[6][7]

After Steven's ouster, John Cowles, Jr., was editor of the two newspapers; he became president in 1968 and editorial chairman the following year. He had a progressive political viewpoint, publishing editorials supporting the civil rights movement and liberal causes.[8]

In 1982 the afternoon Star was discontinued due to low circulation, and the staffs of the Star and Tribune were transferred to the merged Minneapolis Star and Tribune. Cowles, Jr., fired publisher Donald R. Dwight. His handling of Dwight's termination led to his removal as editor in 1983, although his family retained a controlling financial interest in the newspaper.[8]

In 1983, the Star Tribune challenged a Minnesota tax on paper and ink before the Supreme Court of the United States. In Minneapolis Star Tribune Co. v. Commissioner, the court found that the tax (which targeted specific newspapers) was a violation of the First Amendment.[9] In 1987 the newspaper's name was simplified to Star Tribune, and the slogan "Newspaper of the Twin Cities" was added.[5]

1998 to present

In 1998 the McClatchy Company purchased Cowles Media Company for $1.4 billion (equivalent to $1.98 billion in 2016[3]), ending the newspaper's 61-year history in the family in one of the largest sales in American newspaper history. Although McClatchy sold many of Cowles's smaller assets, it kept the Star Tribune for several years. On December 26, 2006, McClatchy sold the paper to private equity firm Avista Capital Partners for $530 million (equivalent to $623 million in 2016[3]), less than half of what it had paid for Cowles eight years earlier.[10][11]

In March 2007 Pat Ridder was appointed Star Tribune publisher after his predecessor, J. Keith Moyer, left the newspaper after the sale.[12] Ridder is a member of the Ridder family, which had owned Knight Ridder (publishers of several newspapers, including the rival St. Paul Pioneer Press). Ridder's arrival resulted in litigation when it was discovered that he had stolen a hard drive containing information about employees and advertisers which the Pioneer Press called "trade secrets". Ridder also took two high-ranking staff members with him to the Minneapolis paper, which raised eyebrows since such employees usually have non-compete clauses in their contracts. On September 18, 2007, Ridder was removed from his post by a Ramsey County judge,[13][14][15] and he resigned on December 7.[16]

On January 15, 2009, the paper, the country's 15th-largest daily, filed for bankruptcy under Chapter 11.[17][18][19][20] On September 17 the United States Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of New York approved a bankruptcy plan for the Star Tribune, which emerged from bankruptcy protection on September 28. The paper's senior secured lenders received about 95 percent of the post-bankruptcy company.[21]

Since 2010, the Star Tribune has given out awards to the Top 150 Workplaces in Minnesota.[22][23]

Wayzata Investment Partners became majority owner of the Star Tribune Company in August 2012, with a 58 percent stake.[24] In 2014, the company was acquired by Glen Taylor, owner of the NBA's Minnesota Timberwolves. Taylor, a former Republican state senator, said that the Star Tribune would be less liberal under his ownership. However, he said that the newspaper had already begun a shift and he would focus on accurately reporting both sides of all issues.[25][26] In May 2015, the company acquired alternative weekly City Pages from Voice Media Group.[27]

Editions

After the 1987 formation of the Star Tribune, the newspaper was published in three editions: one for Minneapolis and the western suburbs, one for St. Paul and the eastern suburbs and a state edition for Minnesota and the Midwest. The St. Paul edition was discontinued in 1999 in favor of a metro edition for the Minneapolis–St. Paul area and a state edition for areas beyond the metropolitan area.[28][29]

Although the newspaper competes with the St. Paul-based Pioneer Press in the Minneapolis–St. Paul area, the Star Tribune is more popular in the western metropolitan area and the Pioneer Press more popular in the eastern metro area. The newspapers share some printing and delivery operations.[30][31]

The Star Tribune went online in 1995, introducing the StarTribune.com website the following year. In 2011, the website erected a paywall.[5][32] The online subscription management under the platform cannot be cancelled online or via email, and can only be cancelled by phone.[33]

Content

The Star Tribune has five main sections: main news, local news, sports, business and variety (lifestyle and entertainment). Special weekly sections include Taste (restaurants and cooking), travel, Outdoors Weekend and Science + Health. The Sunday edition has a larger editorial and opinion section, Opinion Exchange. The Wednesday edition includes an extra section focusing on local news and issues, with separate versions for the northern, southern, northwestern and southwestern regions of the newspaper's circulation area.[1]

Awards

Journalists with the pre-merger Minneapolis Star and Minneapolis Tribune won three Pulitzer Prizes:

Star Tribune journalists have won three Pulitzers:

  • 1990: Lou Kilzer and Chris Ison, Investigative Reporting[37]
  • 2013: Steve Sack, Editorial Cartooning[38]
  • 2013: Brad Schrade, Jeremy Olson and Glenn Howatt, Local Reporting[39]

Staff and management

Columnists affiliated with the Star Tribune include:

Michael J. Klingensmith is publisher and CEO of Star Tribune Media Company, with overall responsibility for its news and business operations. He was hired in 2010.[16] After the Star Tribune's bankruptcy its former ownership group, led by New York City-based Avista Capital Partners, has no stake in the company.[21]

Headquarters and printing plant

051207-MPLS-007Strib
Star Tribune Downtown East headquarters until 2015

After the city's newspapers were consolidated by the Cowles family, their offices were gradually moved to the former the Daily Star headquarters in downtown Minneapolis. The building was renovated in 1939–1940, and expanded in a larger renovation from 1946 to 1949. After 1949, the building housed the offices and presses of the Star and the Tribune. During the 1980s an annex, the Freeman Building, was built across the street from the headquarters and connected with a skyway.[40][41] In 1987, the Star Tribune opened a new, $110 million (equivalent to $205 million in 2016[3]) printing plant, called the Heritage Center, in a historic warehouse district on the northern edge of downtown Minneapolis. Its five offset presses took over the printing of all Star Tribune editions. News and business offices remained in the downtown headquarters, whose old presses were removed.[42]

In 2014, the company announced that it would relocate from the 95-year-old headquarters building to Capella Tower to make way for development around nearby U.S. Bank Stadium. Demolition of the buildings began in 2014, the last employees relocated in mid-2015, and the demolition completed later that year.[43][44] Also in 2014, the Star Tribune's Heritage printing plant began printing the St. Paul Pioneer Press [45] under a contract with its cross-town rival. The following year USA Today contracted with the Star Tribune to print regional copies of its daily edition at the Heritage plant.[46] Printing plants owned by those newspaper companies in St. Paul and Maple Grove, Minn., shut down. [45] [46]

References

  1. ^ a b "2016 Display Rate Book" (PDF). Star Tribune.
  2. ^ a b c d e Morison, Bradley (1966). Sunlight on Your Doorstep: The Minneapolis Tribune's First Hundred Years. Minneapolis: Ross & Haines.
  3. ^ a b c d Thomas, Ryland; Williamson, Samuel H. (2018). "What Was the U.S. GDP Then?". MeasuringWorth. Retrieved January 5, 2018. United States Gross Domestic Product deflator figures follow the Measuring Worth series.
  4. ^ Nathanson, Iric. "'Newspaper with a Soul': The Short-Lived Minnesota Daily Star launched in 1920". MinnPost.
  5. ^ a b c "Timeline: A Look at History of Star Tribune". Star Tribune.
  6. ^ "Minneapolis Man Gets Houston Post". Lubbock Avalanche-Journal. September 20, 1960. p. 39. Retrieved June 14, 2014 – via NewspaperArchive.com.
  7. ^ "The Press: Let History Try". Time. August 29, 1960. Retrieved October 10, 2011.
  8. ^ a b Royce, Gradon (March 19, 2012). "Publisher John Cowles Jr., who Shaped the Twin Cities for 50 Years, Dies". Minneapolis Star Tribune.
  9. ^ "Minneapolis Star & Tribune Company v. Minnesota Commissioner of Revenue" – via Oyez.
  10. ^ "McClatchy in $1.4 Billion Cowles Deal". The New York Times. November 14, 1997.
  11. ^ Ellison, Sarah (December 26, 2006). "McClatchy's Minneapolis Sale Aids Web Efforts". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  12. ^ McKinney, Matt (March 5, 2007). "Par Ridder named Star Tribune CEO, publisher". Star Tribune. Retrieved June 4, 2008.
  13. ^ Stawicki, Elizabeth (September 18, 2007). "Judge Critical of Par Ridder's Conduct in Ruling". Minnesota Public Radio. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  14. ^ Welbes, John (February 1, 2008). "Star Tribune to Put Headquarters, Other Land up for Sale". St. Paul Pioneer Press. Retrieved February 1, 2008.
  15. ^ Orrick, Natasha R. (February 1, 2008). "Star Tribune Trying to Sell Headquarters". Minneapolis / St. Paul Business Journal. American City Business Journals. Retrieved February 1, 2008.
  16. ^ a b "Star Tribune Names Klingensmith as New Publisher". Minneapolis / St. Paul Business Journal. American City Business Journals. January 7, 2010. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  17. ^ Schmickle, Sharon (January 15, 2009). "Star Tribune Files for Bankruptcy and Lists Unsecured Creditors". MinnPost. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  18. ^ Kary, Tiffany (January 16, 2009). "Star Tribune Files for Bankruptcy After Ads Decline". Bloomberg News. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  19. ^ Fitzgerald, Mark (January 16, 2009). "Economist: Avista Has Only Itself to Blame In 'Strib' Bankruptcy". Editor & Publisher. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  20. ^ Pérez-Peña, Richard (January 6, 2009). "Bankruptcy for Another U.S. Paper". International Herald Tribune. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  21. ^ a b Newmarker, Chris (September 17, 2009). "Star Tribune to Emerge from Bankruptcy, No New Publisher Named". Milwaukee Business Journal. American City Business Journals. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  22. ^ "Star Tribune Announces Winners of Sixth Annual "Top 150 Workplaces in Minnesota"".
  23. ^ "Star Tribune names IC System a 2018 Top 150 Workplace".
  24. ^ Phelps, David (August 12, 2012). "Star Tribune Gains a Majority Owner". Star Tribune. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  25. ^ Bjorhus, Jennifer (April 2, 2014). "Wolves Owner Glen Taylor Makes Cash Offer to Buy Star Tribune". Star Tribune. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  26. ^ Robson, Britt (April 16, 2015). "New Owner Glen Taylor: Less Liberal Star Tribune Ahead". MinnPost. Retrieved March 7, 2015.
  27. ^ Yuen, Laura (May 6, 2015). "Star Tribune Says It Will Buy City Pages". Minnesota Public Radio News. Retrieved May 16, 2015.
  28. ^ McGuire, Tim (December 12, 1999). "Newspaper Aims to Serve the Entire Metro Area, not Pieces of It". Star Tribune.
  29. ^ Desky, Mark (July 27, 1987). "Twin Cities Paper Changes Name, Distribution". AdWeek: 43.
  30. ^ Brauer, David. "Mapping the Newspaper War, 25 Years After the Star Tribune Invaded Pioneer Press Turf". MinnPost.
  31. ^ Collins, Bob. "Combining Delivery, PiPress and Strib Get Cozier". Minnesota Public Radio.
  32. ^ Brauer, David. "Strib Metered Pay Wall: Web Traffic Down 10–15 percent, Revenue Up". MinnPost.
  33. ^ "Help and Feedback". Star Tribune. Retrieved 2018-02-09.
  34. ^ "1948 Winners". The Pulitzer Prizes.
  35. ^ "1959 Winners". The Pulitzer Prizes.
  36. ^ "1968 Winners". The Pulitzer Prizes.
  37. ^ "1990 Winners and Finalists". The Pulitzer Prizes.
  38. ^ "The 2013 Pulitzer Prize Winners: Editorial Cartooning". The Pulitzer Prizes.
  39. ^ "The 2013 Pulitzer Prize Winners: Local Reporting". The Pulitzer Prizes.
  40. ^ "A Eulogy: The Minneapolis Star-Tribune Building". Hennepin County Library Special Collections Tumblr.
  41. ^ Lileks, James (March 21, 2015). "Streetscapes: Star Tribune Is Last of Minneapolis Newspaper Buildings". Star Tribune.
  42. ^ Parkinson, Roger (August 23, 1987). "A Letter from the Publisher/To Our Readers". Minneapolis Star Tribune.
  43. ^ Moore, Janet (May 13, 2014). "Star Tribune to Move Headquarters to Capella Tower in 2015". Star-Tribune.
  44. ^ "Star Tribune Staff Says Goodbye to Old Building". MPR News.
  45. ^ a b "Star Tribune to start printing Pioneer Press in 2014". Star Tribune. Retrieved 2018-05-15.
  46. ^ a b "Star Tribune will start printing USA Today". Star Tribune. Retrieved 2018-05-15.

External links

2008 United States Senate election in Minnesota

The 2008 United States Senate election in Minnesota took place on November 4, 2008. After a legal battle lasting over eight months, the Democratic–Farmer–Labor Party (DFL) candidate, Al Franken, defeated Republican incumbent Norm Coleman in one of the closest elections in the history of the Senate. Franken took his oath of office on July 7, 2009, more than half a year after the end of Coleman's term on January 3, 2009.When the initial count was completed on November 18, Franken was trailing Coleman by 215 votes. The close margin triggered a mandatory recount. After reviewing ballots that had been challenged during the recount and counting 953 wrongly rejected absentee ballots, the State Canvassing Board officially certified the recount results with Franken holding a 225-vote lead.On January 6, 2009, Coleman's campaign filed an election contest and on April 13, a three-judge panel dismissed Coleman's Notice of Contest and ruled that Franken had won the election by 312 votes. Coleman's appeal of the panel's decision to the Minnesota Supreme Court was unanimously rejected on June 30, and he subsequently conceded the election. Franken was sworn in as the junior Senator from Minnesota on July 7.

2013 Minneapolis mayoral election

The 2013 Minneapolis mayoral election was held on November 5, 2013 to elect the Mayor of Minneapolis for a four-year term. This was the second mayoral election in the city's history to use instant-runoff voting, popularly known as ranked choice voting, first implemented in the city's 2009 elections. Municipal elections in Minnesota are nonpartisan, although candidates are able to identify with a political party on the ballot. After incumbent Mayor R. T. Rybak announced in late 2012 that he would not seek a fourth term, 35 candidates began campaigns to replace him. Many of these candidates sought the endorsement of the Minneapolis unit of the Minnesota Democratic–Farmer–Labor Party (DFL), though the convention ultimately ended with no endorsement.

Although she did not win enough votes to be victorious on the first ballot, DFLer Betsy Hodges held a "commanding" lead and was "poised" to be elected following completion of vote tabulations. Second-place finisher Mark Andrew effectively conceded on election night, saying that it was unlikely that he would overcome Hodges' lead. Hodges was elected in the 33rd round after two days of vote tabulations.

2014 Minnesota gubernatorial election

The 2014 Minnesota gubernatorial election took place on November 4, 2014, to elect the governor of Minnesota concurrently with the election to Minnesota's Class II U.S. Senate seat, as well as other elections to the United States Senate in other states and elections to the United States House of Representatives and various state and local elections.

Incumbent Democratic–Farmer–Labor governor Mark Dayton ran for re-election to a second term in office. Incumbent Democratic lieutenant governor Yvonne Prettner Solon retired and Tina Smith was selected as his new running mate.Primary elections were held on August 12, 2014. Dayton and Smith won the Democratic primary and the Republicans nominated Hennepin County Commissioner Jeff Johnson and his running mate former state representative Bill Kuisle. In the general election, Dayton and Smith defeated them and several other minor party candidates with just over 50% of the vote. Dayton's victory broke his own record, set in 2010, as the oldest Minnesota gubernatorial candidate to win an election; he was 67. It was also the first gubernatorial race since 1994 in which the winner received a majority of the votes cast.

2017 Minneapolis mayoral election

The 2017 Minneapolis mayoral election was held on November 7, 2017, to elect the Mayor of Minneapolis. This was the third mayoral election in the city's history to use ranked-choice voting. Municipal elections in Minnesota are nonpartisan, although candidates were able to identify with a political party on the ballot.

No candidate achieved a majority in the first round of ballot counting on election night. Jacob Frey was declared the winner the next day after several rounds of vote tabulations.

2018 Minnesota Attorney General election

The 2018 Minnesota Attorney General election was held on November 6, 2018, to elect the attorney general of the U.S. state of Minnesota. A primary election was held on August 14, 2018, in which Doug Wardlow was nominated as the Republican candidate and Keith Ellison was nominated as the Democratic–Farmer–Labor (DFL) candidate. Ellison won the election.

2018 Minnesota gubernatorial election

The 2018 Minnesota gubernatorial election took place on November 6, to elect the 41st Governor of Minnesota as incumbent governor Mark Dayton chose not to run for re-election for a third term. The Democratic nominee was congressman Tim Walz from Minnesota's 1st congressional district while the Republicans nominated Hennepin County commissioner Jeff Johnson. The Independence Party of Minnesota didn't field a candidate for the first time since 1994. Going into the election the polls showed Walz ahead and the race was characterized as lean or likely DFL.

In the end, Walz went on to defeat Johnson by the largest margin for a DFL candidate since 1986. His victory also means that Minnesota will have its longest streak of Democrats in the Governor's mansion in the state's history, at 12 continuous years.

Casper Star-Tribune

The Casper Star-Tribune is a newspaper published in Casper, Wyoming with statewide influence and readership.

It is Wyoming's largest print newspaper, with a daily circulation of 23,760 and a Sunday circulation of 21,041. The Star-Tribune covers local and state news. Its website, Trib.com, includes articles from the print paper, online updates, video and other multimedia content.

In 2002, the newspaper was acquired by Lee Enterprises.

City Pages

City Pages is an alternative newspaper serving the Minneapolis–St. Paul metropolitan area. It features news, film, theatre and restaurant reviews and music criticism, available free every Wednesday.

Erik Paulsen

Erik Philip Paulsen (born May 14, 1965) is an American politician who represented Minnesota's 3rd congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 2009 to 2019. A member of the Republican Party of Minnesota, he served in the Minnesota House of Representatives from 1995 to 2009 and as majority leader from 2003 to 2007. In the 2018 election, he was defeated by businessman Dean Phillips.

Glen Taylor

Glen A. Taylor (born April 20, 1941) is an American billionaire businessman who is the majority owner of the Minnesota Timberwolves NBA basketball team, owner of the Minnesota Lynx WNBA basketball team, owner of the Star Tribune, and a former member of the Minnesota Senate.

Taylor has been ranked No. 149 on the Forbes 400 and his company No. 254 on Forbes ranking of private United States corporations. In 2015, his net worth was reported by Forbes to be $1.86 billion.

Homer Hanky

The Official Star Tribune Minnesota Twins Homer Hanky (or "Homer Hanky" for short) is a handkerchief printed with a (usually red) baseball-shaped logo during Minnesota Twins championship seasons (and in 1988 after winning the World Series in 1987). It was first introduced during the 1987 Pennant race, when the Twins won the American League Western division (AL West), by the Minneapolis Star Tribune as a promotional item for the newspaper during the pennant race.

Ilhan Omar

Ilhan Abdullahi Omar (born October 4, 1981) is a Somali-American politician serving as the U.S. Representative for Minnesota's 5th congressional district since 2019. The district includes all of Minneapolis and some of its suburbs.

Omar was elected to the Minnesota House of Representatives in 2016 on the Democratic–Farmer–Labor Party line, making her the first Somali American elected to legislative office in the United States. She was also the first naturalized citizen from Africa and first Somali-American elected to the United States Congress. Along with Rashida Tlaib, she was one of the first two Muslim women elected to Congress and is the first minority woman to serve as a U.S. representative from Minnesota.A member of the Congressional Progressive Caucus, Omar has advocated for a living wage, affordable housing and healthcare, student loan debt forgiveness, the protection of Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, and the abolition of ICE. She has strongly opposed the immigration policies of the Trump administration, including the Trump travel ban. Omar has also been outspoken on the Israeli–Palestinian conflict, criticizing Israel's settlement policy and military campaigns in the occupied Palestinian territories, as well as pro-Israel lobbies such as AIPAC.

Keith Ellison

Keith Maurice Ellison (born August 4, 1963) is an American politician and lawyer who is the 30th and current Attorney General of Minnesota. Ellison was the U.S. Representative for Minnesota's 5th congressional district from 2007 to 2019. He also served as the titular Deputy Chair of the Democratic National Committee from 2017 to 2018. He is a member of the Democratic–Farmer–Labor Party (DFL), the Minnesota state Democratic Party affiliate. His previous district centered on Minneapolis and the surrounding suburbs. He was a vice-chair of the Congressional Progressive Caucus and a Chief Deputy Whip, and also served on the House Committee on Financial Services.

Ellison was the first Muslim to be elected to the U.S. Congress, and the first African American to have been elected to the U.S. House from Minnesota.In November 2016, progressive groups and United States senators, including Bernie Sanders of Vermont, supported Ellison for chair of the Democratic National Committee. On February 25, 2017, minutes after defeating him on the second ballot, newly elected Chairman Tom Perez moved for Ellison to be elected his Deputy Chair, which was approved by a unanimous voice vote of DNC members. On November 8, 2018, Ellison resigned as Deputy Chair.On June 5, 2018, Ellison announced that he would not seek reelection to a seventh term in Congress in 2018, but would instead run for Minnesota Attorney General. On August 14, Ellison won the Minnesota Democratic primary. On November 6, he was elected Attorney General, defeating Republican Doug Wardlow and becoming the first African American elected to statewide office in Minnesota, as well as the first Muslim to win election to any statewide office in the United States.

Michele Bachmann

Michele Marie Bachmann (; née Amble; born April 6, 1956) is an American politician and a member of the Republican Party. She represented Minnesota's 6th congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 2007 to 2015. The district includes St. Cloud and several of the northern suburbs of the Twin Cities.

Bachmann was a candidate for the Republican nomination in the 2012 U.S. presidential election, winning the Ames Straw Poll in August 2011 but dropping out in January 2012 after finishing in sixth place in the Iowa caucuses. She previously served in the Minnesota Senate and is the first Republican woman to represent the state in Congress. She is a supporter of the Tea Party movement and a founder of the House Tea Party Caucus.

Minneapolis Star Tribune Co. v. Commissioner

Minneapolis Star Tribune Company v. Commissioner, 460 U.S. 575 (1983), was an opinion of the Supreme Court of the United States overturning a use tax on paper and ink in excess of $100,000 consumed in any calendar year. The Minneapolis Star Tribune initially paid the tax and sued for a refund.

Shooting of Philando Castile

On July 6, 2016, Philando Castile,[a] a 32-year-old black American, was pulled over while driving in Falcon Heights, Minnesota, and killed by Jeronimo Yanez, a St. Anthony, Minnesota police officer. Castile had been driving a car at 9:00 pm with his girlfriend, Diamond Reynolds, and her four-year-old daughter when he was pulled over by Yanez and another officer in a suburb of Saint Paul, MN. After being asked for his license and registration, Castile had told Officer Yanez that he had a firearm, to which Yanez replied "Don't reach for it then", and Castile said "I'm, I, I was reaching for..." Yanez said "Don't pull it out", Castile replied "I'm not pulling it out", and Reynolds said "He's not..." Yanez repeated "Don't pull it out" and then shot Castile seven times.The shooting achieved a high profile from a live-streamed video on Facebook made by Reynolds in the immediate aftermath of the shooting. In the video, she is talking with Yanez while a mortally injured Castile lies slumped over, moaning slightly and his left arm and side bloody. The Hennepin County Medical Examiner's office said that Castile had sustained multiple gunshot wounds and reported that he died at 9:37 p.m. in the Hennepin County Medical Center, about 20 minutes after being shot.On November 16, 2016, John Choi, the Ramsey County Attorney, announced that Yanez was being charged with three felonies: one count of second-degree manslaughter and two counts of dangerous discharge of a firearm. Choi said, "I would submit that no reasonable officer knowing, seeing, and hearing what Officer Yanez did at the time would have used deadly force under these circumstances." Yanez was acquitted of all charges on June 16, 2017. The same day, the City of Saint Anthony fired Yanez.

Super Bowl LII

Super Bowl LII was an American football game played to determine the champion of the National Football League (NFL) for the 2017 season. The National Football Conference (NFC) champion Philadelphia Eagles defeated the American Football Conference (AFC) and defending Super Bowl LI champion New England Patriots, 41–33, to win their first Super Bowl and their first NFL title since 1960. The game was played on February 4, 2018, at U.S. Bank Stadium in Minneapolis, Minnesota. This was the second time that a Super Bowl was played in Minneapolis, the northernmost city to ever host the event, after Super Bowl XXVI at the Metrodome during the 1991 season, and the sixth Super Bowl held in a cold-weather city.New England finished the regular season with an AFC-best 13–3 record, then extended their record Super Bowl appearances to ten, their third in four years, and their eighth under the leadership of head coach Bill Belichick and quarterback Tom Brady. Philadelphia also finished the regular season with an NFC-best 13–3 record but entered the playoffs as underdogs after starting quarterback Carson Wentz suffered a season-ending injury late in the regular season. Backup quarterback Nick Foles, who was widely underestimated and discredited by pregame broadcasts, was the Eagles' starting quarterback for the rest of the season. With Foles, the Eagles advanced to their third Super Bowl appearance, having previously lost to the Oakland Raiders in Super Bowl XV and to the Patriots in Super Bowl XXXIX.

Several records were set during Super Bowl LII, including most yards gained in an NFL game by both teams combined (1,151), fewest punts from both teams in a Super Bowl (one), and most points scored by a Super Bowl losing team (33). The game was settled after the Eagles converted a fumble recovery deep within Patriots territory to a field goal with 1:05 remaining to extend their lead to eight points, and Brady's Hail Mary pass fell incomplete as time expired. Foles, who completed 28 of 43 pass attempts for 373 yards and three touchdowns with one interception, and also caught a one-yard touchdown pass on a trick play, was named Super Bowl MVP. Foles' touchdown catch later became known as the Philly Special and joined NFL lore alongside his unexpected performance.

The broadcast of the game on NBC had the smallest Super Bowl audience in nine years, with an average of 103.4 million viewers. Average TV viewership for the halftime show, headlined by Justin Timberlake, was 106.6 million American television viewers, 9 percent less than the previous year.

Twin Cities Pioneer Press

The Twin Cities Pioneer Press (formerly the St. Paul Pioneer Press is a newspaper based in Saint Paul, Minnesota, primarily serving the Twin Cities metropolitan area. Circulation is heaviest in the eastern metro region, including Ramsey, Dakota, and Washington counties, along with western Wisconsin, eastern Minnesota and Anoka County, Minnesota. The paper's main rival is the Star Tribune, based in neighboring Minneapolis. The Pioneer Press has been owned by MediaNews Group since April 2006.

U.S. Bank Stadium

U.S. Bank Stadium is an enclosed stadium in Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States. Built on the former site of the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome, the indoor stadium opened in 2016 and is the home of the Minnesota Vikings (NFL); it also hosts early season college baseball games of the University of Minnesota Golden Gophers (NCAA).

The Vikings played at the Metrodome from 1982 until its closure in 2013; during construction, the Vikings played two seasons (2014, 2015) at the open-air TCF Bank Stadium on the campus of the University of Minnesota. The team's first home was Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington (1961–1981), now the site of the Mall of America.

On June 17, 2016, U.S. Bank Stadium was deemed substantially complete by contractor Mortenson Construction, six weeks before the ribbon-cutting ceremony and official grand opening on July 22. Authority to use and occupy the stadium was handed over to the Vikings and the Minnesota Sports Facilities Authority. The Vikings played their first pre-season game at U.S. Bank Stadium on August 28; the home opener of the regular season was in week two against the Green Bay Packers on September 18, a 17–14 victory.It is the first fixed-roof stadium built in the NFL since Ford Field in Detroit, which opened in 2002. As of March 2015, the overall budget was estimated to be $1.061 billion, with $348 million from the state of Minnesota, $150 million from the city of Minneapolis, and $551 million from the team and private contributions.U.S. Bank Stadium hosted Super Bowl LII on February 4, 2018, the ESPN X Games on July 19–22, 2018, and is expected to host the 2019 NCAA Final Four, and the 2020 NCAA Division I Wrestling Championships.

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