Standing long jump

The standing long jump, also known as the standing broad jump, is an athletics event. It was an Olympic event until 1912. It is one of three standing variants of track and field jumping events, which also include the standing high jump and standing triple jump.

In performing the standing long jump, the jumper stands at a line marked on the ground with the feet slightly apart. The athlete takes off and lands using both feet, swinging the arms and bending the knees to provide forward drive. In Olympic rules, the measurement used was the longest of three tries. The jump must be repeated if the athlete falls back or takes a step at take-off.

Ray Ewry set the first world record for the standing long jump at 3.47 m (11 ft 4 12 in) on September 3, 1904. The current record is held by Byron Jones, who recorded a jump of 3.73 m (12 ft 2 34 in) at the NFL Combine on February 23, 2015,[1] beating the competition world record of 3.71 m (12 ft 2 in) set by Norwegian shot putter Arne Tvervaag from Ringerike FIK Sportclub in 1968.[2]

When indoor arenas were built, the standing long jump began to disappear as an event. Today, Norway is the only country where the standing long jump is a national championship event. The Norwegian Championships in Standing Jumps (long jump and high jump) has been held in Stange every winter since 1995.[3][4]

The standing long jump is also one of the events at the NFL combine,[5] it was one of the standardized test events as part of the President's Award on Physical Fitness,[6] as well as the physical fitness test that officer cadets must complete at the Royal Military College of Canada and the United States Air Force Academy.[7] In the Brazilian police forces, a minimum performance in a standing long jump test is required to join the Federal Police (2.14 m for men 1.66 m for women[8]) and the Federal Highway Police (2.00 m for men 1.60 m for women).[9]

1912 Benjamin Adams
Benjamin Adams during the standing long jump competition at the 1912 Summer Olympics
1912 Gustaf Malmsten
Gustaf Malmsten during the standing long jump competition at the 1912 Summer Olympics
1912 Konstantinos Tsiklitiras3
Konstantinos Tsiklitiras during the standing long jump competition at the 1912 Summer Olympics
1912 Platt Adams4
Platt Adams during the standing long jump competition at the 1912 Summer Olympics

Olympic medalists

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1900 Paris
Ray Ewry
 United States
Irving Baxter
 United States
Emile Torcheboeuf
 France
1904 St. Louis
Ray Ewry
 United States
Charles King
 United States
John Biller
 United States
1908 London
Ray Ewry
 United States
Konstantinos Tsiklitiras
 Greece
Martin Sheridan
 United States
1912 Stockholm
Konstantinos Tsiklitiras
 Greece
Platt Adams
 United States
Benjamin Adams
 United States

Intercalated Games

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1906 Athens
 Ray Ewry (USA)  Martin Sheridan (USA)  Lawson Robertson (USA)

References

  1. ^ http://profootballtalk.nbcsports.com/2015/02/23/byron-jones-obliterates-the-combine-broad-jump-record/ - NBCSports
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 29, 2012. Retrieved September 2, 2011.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) - Norwegian Athletics Association
  3. ^ "404". www.friidrett.no.
  4. ^ Norwegian indoor championships - GBR Athletics
  5. ^ "Combine events: Broad jump". NFL.com. 2008. Archived from the original on November 5, 2012. Retrieved August 8, 2010.
  6. ^ "President's Council on Sports, Fitness & Nutrition (PCSFN)". HHS.gov. January 10, 2017.
  7. ^ webmaster.rmc (March 23, 2015). "Department of Athletics". www.rmc-cmr.ca.
  8. ^ http://www.cespe.unb.br/concursos/dpf_14_agente/arquivos/EDITAL_N___55___ABERTURA.PDF
  9. ^ http://www.cespe.unb.br/concursos/DPRF_13/arquivos/ED_1_DPRF_AGENTE_2013_ABERTURA.PDF
1968 Special Olympics Summer World Games

The First International Special Olympics Games (Summer Special Olympics) were held in Soldier Field, Chicago, Illinois on July 20, 1968. Some of the smaller indoor events were held in the Conrad Hilton Hotel on Michigan Avenue.

1,000 athletes from 26 states, and Canada competed in track and swimming. Swimming included 25 meter races, and track had short distance runnings, ball throws, and standing long jump.

The athlete's oath was introduced at these games by founder Eunice Shriver at the opening ceremony. The oath is, "Let me win. But if I can not win, let me be brave in the attempt."

Athletics at the 1900 Summer Olympics – Men's standing long jump

The men's standing long jump was a track & field athletics event at the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris. It was held on July 16, 1900. Four athletes from two nations competed in the standing long jump.

Athletics at the 1904 Summer Olympics – Men's standing long jump

The men's standing long jump was a track and field athletics event held as part of the athletics at the 1904 Summer Olympics programme. It was the second time the event was held. The competition was held on Monday, August 29, 1904. Four athletes, all from the United States, competed.

Ray Ewry continued his dominance of the standing jumps at the Olympics, successfully defending his championships in this one as well as the other two. He also set a new world record.

Athletics at the 1906 Intercalated Games

At the 1906 Summer Olympics in Athens, 21 competitive events in athletics were held. A total of 65 medals (21 gold, 23 silver, 21 bronze) were awarded. Now called the Intercalated Games, the 1906 Games are no longer considered as an official Olympic Games by the International Olympic Committee (IOC).

The marathon distance was 41.775 km according to a contemporary Greek newspaper. The pentathlon event in the 1906 Games consisted of a standing long jump, discus throw (ancient style), javelin throw, 192 metre run, and a Greco-Roman wrestling match. A stone throw was held with a 6.4 kg weight.

Athletics at the 1908 Summer Olympics – Men's standing long jump

The men's standing long jump was one of six jumping events on the athletics at the 1908 Summer Olympics programme in London. The competition was held on Monday, July 20, 1908.

Twenty-five long jumpers from eleven nations competed.

Athletics at the 1912 Summer Olympics – Men's standing high jump

The men's standing high jump was a track and field athletics event held as part of the athletics at the 1912 Summer Olympics programme. It was the fourth and final appearance of the event. The competition was held on Saturday, July 13, 1912.

Ray Ewry, who was the three-time defending champion in the event, did not compete in 1912. The silver medalist from 1908, Konstantinos Tsiklitiras, took bronze. Platt Adams, the fifth-place finisher four years earlier, won the event. Benjamin Adams finished second. Each of the three standing high jump medalists also medaled in the standing long jump, though in a different order.

Seventeen high jumpers from nine nations competed.

Athletics at the 1912 Summer Olympics – Men's standing long jump

The men's standing long jump was a track and field athletics event held as part of the Athletics at the 1912 Summer Olympics programme. It was the fourth and final appearance of the event. The competition was held on Monday, July 8, 1912.

Nineteen long jumpers from eight nations competed.

Ray Ewry, who was the three-time defending champion in the event, did not compete in 1912. The silver medalist from 1908, Konstantinos Tsiklitiras, won the event. Platt Adams, the sixth-place finisher four years earlier, took second. Benjamin Adams finished third. Each of the three standing long jump medalists also medaled in the standing high jump, though in a different order.

Axel Ljung

Harald Axel Fredrik Ljung (31 March 1884 – 5 February 1938) was a Swedish gymnast and track and field athlete who won an all-around gold medal with the Swedish gymnastics team at the 1908 Summer Olympics. He also participated in the 100 m sprint, 100 m hurdles and standing long jump events at the 1906 Intercalated Games and finished fifth in the long jump.

Birger Brodtkorb

Birger Brodtkorb (July 3, 1891 – July 24, 1935) was a Norwegian track and field athlete who specialized in the standing jumps. He represented Kristiania IF.

Participating in the 1912 Summer Olympics, he finished twelfth in the standing long jump competition. He also competed in standing high jump, but did not advance to the final with a jump of 1.40 metres. He never became Norwegian champion, but won a national silver medal in standing long jump in 1912.

Bram Evers

Brand "Bram" Evers (16 July 1886 – 7 October 1952) was a Dutch athlete, who competed at the 1908 Summer Olympics in London.

He was born in Arnhem, the city where he also died.

In the 400 metres competition, Evers placed third in his preliminary heat and did not advance to the semifinals. He did not finish his initial semifinal heat of the 800 metres event, not advancing to the final in that event. He was also a member of the Dutch relay team which was eliminated in the first round of the medley relay competition.

In the pole vault event he finished 15th. He also participated in the long jump event and in the standing long jump competition but for both contests his results are unknown.

In 1922 he was the interim-coach of Dutch football (soccer) club Vitesse Arnhem for a short while.

Frank Irons

Francis "Frank" Cleveland Irons (March 23, 1886 – June 19, 1942) was an American athlete who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics and in the 1912 Summer Olympics.

He was born in Des Moines, Iowa and died in Palatine, Illinois.

Irons competed for the United States in the 1908 Games held in London, Great Britain in the long jump where he won the gold medal. In the standing high jump event he finished eighth and in the triple jump competition he finished 16th. He also participated in the standing long jump contest but his result is unknown.

Four years later he finished ninth in the long jump competition at the 1912 Games. At this Olympics he also competed in the exhibition baseball tournament.

John Biller

John Arthur Biller (November 14, 1877 – March 26, 1934) was an American athlete who competed mainly in standing jumps.

He competed for the United States in the 1904 Summer Olympics held in St Louis, United States in the standing long jump where he won the bronze medal. In the standing high jump he was 4th, and he also was 5th in the discus throw. Four years later he medalled at the Olympics for a second time, this time he won the silver medal for the standing high jump and was 4th in the standing long jump in the 1908 Summer Olympics held in London, Great Britain.

Konstantinos Tsiklitiras

Konstantinos "Kostas" Tsiklitiras (Greek: Κωνσταντίνος "Κώστας" Τσικλητήρας; 30 October 1888 – 10 February 1913) was a Greek athlete and Olympic champion.Born in Pylos, he moved to Athens to study commerce. Tsiklitiras soon took up sports. He practiced football (for Panathinaikos) and water polo, but is best remembered for winning four Olympic medals in standing long jump and standing high jump. He was Greek champion 19 times.

His career stopped in 1913 when he volunteered to fight in the Balkan Wars and fought at the Battle of Bizani, although he could avoid conscription he insisted on fighting for his country. He contracted meningitis and died at the age of 24. His family home still exists (October 2012) in Pylos, is a museum of his athletic achievements. There is marble statue in front.

Long jump at the Olympics

The long jump at the Summer Olympics is grouped among the four track and field jumping events held at the multi-sport event. The men's long jump has been present on the Olympic athletics programme since the first Summer Olympics in 1896. The women's long jump was introduced over fifty years later in 1948 and was the second Olympic jumping event for women after the high jump, which was added in 1928.

The Olympic records for the event are 8.90 metres (29.2 ft) for men, set by Bob Beamon in 1968, and 7.40 metres (24.3 ft) for women, set by Jackie Joyner-Kersee in 1988. Beamon's mark is the longest-standing Olympic athletics record by a margin of twelve years and remains the only time a man has set a long jump world record at the competition. The women's world record has been broken on two occasions at the Olympics, with Elżbieta Krzesińska jumping 6.35 metres (20.8 ft) in 1956 and Viorica Viscopoleanu clearing 6.82 metres (22.4 ft) in 1968.Ellery Clark and Olga Gyarmati were the first men's and women's Olympic long jump champions. Jeff Henderson and Tianna Bartoletta are the reigning Olympic champions from 2016. Carl Lewis is the event's most successful athlete as he was Olympic champion four times consecutively from 1984 to 1996. Heike Drechsler is the only woman to win two Olympic long jump titles. Ralph Boston and Jackie Joyner-Kersee are the only other two athletes to win three Olympic long jump medals in their careers. The United States is by far the most successful nation in the event, with an American topping the Olympic long jump podium on 25 occasions. Great Britain, with three gold medallists, is the next most successful.

A standing long jump variant of the event was contested from 1900 to 1912 and standing jumps specialist Ray Ewry won all but one of the gold medals in its brief history.

Martin Sheridan

Martin John Sheridan (March 28, 1881 – March 27, 1918) was "one of the greatest athletes the United States has ever known" according to his obituary in the New York Times. He was born in Bohola, County Mayo, Ireland, and died in St. Vincent's Hospital in Manhattan, New York, the day before his 37th birthday, a very early casualty of the 1918 flu pandemic. He is buried in Calvary Cemetery, Queens, New York. He was part of a group of Irish-American athletes known as the "Irish Whales".

Ray Ewry

Raymond "Ray" Clarence Ewry (October 14, 1873 – September 29, 1937) was an American track and field athlete who won eight gold medals at the Olympic Games and two gold medals at the Intercalated Games (1906 in Athens). This puts him among the most successful Olympians of all time.

Standing high jump

The standing high jump is an athletics event that was featured in the Olympics from 1900 to 1912. It is performed in the same way as high jump, with the difference being that the athlete has no run-up and must stand still and jump with both feet together.

Ray Ewry was the best of the Olympic era, setting world records for the standing high jump (1.65 m on July 16, 1900). He was also highly successful in the standing long jump and the standing triple jump.

The event previously enjoyed wide competition, featuring on the Olympics athletics programme from 1900 to 1912, as well as at the 1922 and 1926 Women's World Games. The event was contested at the Amateur Athletic Union championships in the United States as an indoor event around the turn of the 20th century. Its popularity waned in the 20th century, although it maintained championship status for a longer period of time in Scandinavian countries.One of the best results ever is 1.90 m by Swedish athlete Rune Almén in 1980 which at the time was a Swedish record and an unofficial world record. Later he also jumped 1.90 m, which today is the world record. The Norwegian record is 1.82 by Sturle Kalstad in 1983.

Standing triple jump

Standing triple jump is an athletics event based on the conventional triple jump with three jumping phases, but without an approach run-up. It is one of three standing variants of track and field jumping events, along with the standing high jump and standing long jump.

While it is no longer an official competitive event, it is still used as a training exercise.The first phase is a hop from a stand still, which requires the athlete to take-off from a two-footed stand, split in mid air, and land on the preferred foot. The next phase is a long stretched step, landing on the opposite foot. The last phase is the jump, where the athlete lands on both feet. The winner is the competitor who achieves the longest distance on one of the 3 or 6 attempts.

Competitions in standing triple jump are not very common today, but the event was included in the 1900 and 1904 Summer Olympics.

Émile Torchebœuf

Émile Torcheboeuf (born July 17, 1876, date of death unknown) was a French long jumper who competed in the late 19th century and early 20th century. He participated in Athletics at the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris and won the bronze medal in the men's standing long jump.

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