Standards Australia

Standards Australia is a standards organisation established in 1922 and is recognised through a Memorandum of Understanding with the Australian government as the peak non-government standards development body in Australia. It is a company limited by guarantee, with 73 members representing groups interested in the development and application of technical standards and related products and services. The Memorandum of Understanding between the Commonwealth and Standards Australia recognises Standards Australia as Australia’s representative on the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) and the Pacific Area Standards Congress (PASC).[1]

Standards Australia develops internationally aligned Australian standards (AS) and participates in standards-related activities that deliver benefit to the nation. Standards Australia and Standards New Zealand work together to develop joint standards (AS/NZS). Standards Australia is also the Principal Sponsor of the Australian International Design Awards.[2]

In 2003 Standards Australia sold its commercial businesses to SAI Global Limited and SAI Global Ltd was floated on the Australian Stock Exchange. Initially it retained a 40% interest in SAI Global, but progressively sold this shareholding down to zero, enabling it to focus exclusively on its core business of developing and managing its collection of approximately 7000 Australian standards and representing Australia's interests in international standardisation. In 2016 SAI Global was acquired by Baring Private Equity Asia and delisted from the ASX. [3]

The standard costs an average of $120[4], and after negotiations broke down with National and State Libraries Australasia, the standards were removed from public libraries. As a result, many groups including the Building Products Innovation Council, Master Builders Association, an Australian Senate Economics Reference Committee and Choice have called for the standard to be brought back into government control and made freely accessible[4][5].

Heated discussions continue throughout the industry as many believe that a national standard should be provided free of charge to the relevant members of that industry. Imminent release of the new AS/NZS 3000:2018 Electrical Installations standard has sparked a renewed campaign to see this actioned by Standards Australia. The publishing agreement currently held by SAI Global is due to expire in 2018[5] causing increased pressure to liberate the standards.

Standards Australia
IndustryStandards organization
Founded1922
Headquarters,
Websitehttp://www.standards.org.au/

Notable standards

  • AS/NZS 1170 Stuctural design actions
  • AS/NZS 5033 Installation and safety requirements for photovoltaic (PV) arrays
  • AS/NZS 3000 Electrical installations (known as the Australian/New Zealand Wiring Rules)
  • AS/NZS 3112 Plug and socket outlets
  • AS/NZS ISO 31000 Risk management - Principles and guidelines
  • AS/NZS 3500 Plumbing and drainage Set
  • AS/NZS 3788 Requirements of pressure equipment[6]
  • AS/NZS 1768 Surge Protection

References

  1. ^ "About Standards Australia". Standards Australia. 1998-04-10. Retrieved 2014-02-13.
  2. ^ "FAQ Standards Australia". Standards Australia. Retrieved 2014-02-13.
  3. ^ https://www.saiglobal.com/en-AU/About_SAI_Global/Our_Business/Acquisition_Timeline/
  4. ^ a b "Australian Construction Standards Should be Freely Available". Architecture . Construction . Engineering . Property. 2017-09-12. Retrieved 2018-03-27.
  5. ^ a b Cormack, Lucy (2016-06-07). "Free access to Australian standards no longer available in public libraries". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 2018-03-27.
  6. ^ "AS_NZS 3788: 2006 Pressure equipment - In-service inspection". SAI Global. Retrieved September 4, 2015.

External links

3-MCPD

3-MCPD (3-monochloropropane-1,2-diol or 3-chloropropane-1,2-diol) is an organic chemical compound which is the most common member of chemical food contaminants known as chloropropanols. It is suspected to be carcinogenic in humans.

It is primarily created in foods during protein hydrolysis when hydrochloric acid is added at high temperature to speed up the breakdown of proteins into amino acids. As a byproduct of this process, chloride can react with the glycerol backbone of lipids to produce 3-MCPD. 3-MCPD can also occur in foods which have been in contact with materials containing epichlorohydrin-based wet-strength resins which are used in the production of some tea bags and sausage casings.In 2009, 3-MCPD was found in some East Asian and Southeast Asian sauces such as oyster sauce, Hoisin sauce, and soy sauce. Using hydrochloric acid rather than traditional slow fermentation is a far cheaper and faster method but unavoidably creates chloropropanols. A 2013 European Food Safety Authority report indicated margarine, vegetable oils (excluding walnut oil), preserved meats, bread, and fine bakery wares as major sources in Europe.3-MCPD can also be found in many paper products treated with polyamidoamine-epichlorohydrin wet-strength resins.

AS 1100

AS 1100 is an Australian Standard for technical drawing including both mechanical and architectural designs. AS 1100 standard drawings contain attributes that are universal around Australia. The standard is published by Standards Australia.

The standard consists of six parts,

Part 101: General principles (1992)

Part 201: Mechanical engineering drawing (1992)

Part 301: Architectural drawing (2008)

Part 401: Engineering survey and engineering survey design drawing (1984)

Part 501: Structural engineering drawing (2002)You cannot view these without purchasing a licence first

AS 8015

AS 8015-2005: Australian Standard for Corporate Governance of Information and Communication Technology is a technical standard developed by Standards Australia Committee IT-030 and published in January 2005. The standard provides principles, a model and vocabulary as a basic framework for implementing effective corporate governance of information and communication technology (ICT) within any organization. The standard was the first "to describe governance of IT without resorting to descriptions of management systems and processes." AS 8105 later became the catalyst and main infrastructure for the creation of the international ISO/IEC 38500:2008 Information technology — Governance of IT for the organization standard.

Ad Standards (Australia)

Ad Standards manages the complaint resolution process of the advertising self-regulation system in Australia.It functions as secretariat for the Ad Standards Community Panel and the Ad Standards Industry Jury – the two independent bodies were established to determine consumer and competitive complaints against the advertising self-regulatory Codes.The advertising self-regulation system is funded by a levy on advertising in Australia.

Aspartame

Aspartame (APM) is an artificial non-saccharide sweetener used as a sugar substitute in some foods and beverages. In the European Union, it is codified as E951. Aspartame is a methyl ester of the aspartic acid/phenylalanine dipeptide.

A panel of experts set up by the European Food Safety Authority concluded in 2013 that aspartame is safe for human consumption at current levels of exposure. As of 2018, evidence does not support a long-term benefit for weight loss or in diabetes. Because its breakdown products include phenylalanine, people with the genetic condition phenylketonuria (PKU) must be aware of this as an additional source.It was first sold under the brand name NutraSweet. It was first made in 1965, and the patent expired in 1992. It was initially approved for use in food products by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 1981. The safety of aspartame has been the subject of several political and medical controversies, United States congressional hearings, and Internet hoaxes.

Australian International Design Awards

The Australian International Design Awards is an industry body established by the Industrial Design Council of Australia (IDCA), founded in 1958. The awards are Australia's only national design awards for industrial design. Since 1991, the Australian International Design Awards has been a division of Standards Australia.

In 2007 the Australian Design Awards expanded its entry criteria to include all professionally designed products on the Australian market, including products designed in Australia. From 2007, the Australian Design Awards became known as the Australian International Design Awards to reflect the global nature of the awards.

The Australian International Design Awards has been recognised by the Commonwealth Government and the International Council of Societies of Industrial Design as a promotional body for the Australian design industry.

Bottled water

Bottled water is drinking water (e.g., well water, distilled water, mineral water, or spring water) packaged in plastic or glass water bottles. Bottled water may be carbonated or not. Sizes range from small single serving bottles to large carboys for water coolers.

Erucic acid

Erucic acid is a monounsaturated omega-9 fatty acid, denoted 22:1ω9. It has the chemical formula CH3(CH2)7CH=CH(CH2)11COOH. It is prevalent in wallflower seed with a reported content of 20 to 54% in high erucic acid rapeseed oil, and 42% in mustard oil. Erucic acid is also known as cis-13-docosenoic acid and the trans isomer is known as brassidic acid.

Food Standards Australia New Zealand

Food Standards Australia New Zealand (FSANZ) (Māori: Te Mana Kounga Kai - Ahitereiria me Aotearoa), formerly Australia New Zealand Food Authority (ANZFA), is the governmental body responsible for developing food standards for Australia and New Zealand.FSANZ develops food standards after consulting with other government agencies and stakeholders. The recommendations made by the body are open and accountable, and based upon a rigorous scientific assessment of risk to public health and safety.

All decisions made by FSANZ must be approved by the Australia and New Zealand Food Regulation Ministerial Council, which is composed of the Health Minister from each of the Australian states and territories, and the Health Minister from New Zealand, as well as other participating Ministers nominated by each jurisdiction. This may lead to political interference in the decision: for example the decision made over hemp seed, when the Food Standards scientists recommended that hemp seed be allowed for sale, the ministers vetoed this because they did not want to appear soft on drugs.

Publications from FSANZ include the Australian Total Diet Survey and Shoppers' Guide to Food Additives and labels.

This authority is sometimes cited variously as Australia and New Zealand Food Standards/Safety Authority (ANZFSA), possibly incorrect nomenclature arising due to confusion with the non-acronymic older version of the short-name ANZFA, and with the acronym of the New Zealand authority, NZFSA (pronounced enzfissar, similar to anzfessar of ANZFSA) which previously managed such questions in New Zealand.

Food additive

Food additives are substances added to food to preserve flavor or enhance its taste, appearance, or other qualities. Some additives have been used for centuries; for example, preserving food by pickling (with vinegar), salting, as with bacon, preserving sweets or using sulfur dioxide as with wines. With the advent of processed foods in the second half of the twentieth century, many more additives have been introduced, of both natural and artificial origin. Food additives also include substances that may be introduced to food indirectly (called "indirect additives") in the manufacturing process, through packaging, or during storage or transport.

Food safety in Australia

Food safety in Australia concerns the production, distribution, preparation, and storage of food in Australia to prevent foodborne illness. Food standards organisations such as Food Standards Australia New Zealand aims to specify food standards as well as a testing regime seek to ensure that the food Australians eat is safe for them.In recent years the quality and integrity of the food supply in Australia has been under observation. Incidents such as the contaminated frozen berries during the second half of 2014 and the rockmelon listeriosis outbreak in early 2018 saw a concern in particular for the health of mothers and the elderly due to the contaminants reportedly capable of causing listeria and cholera. Australia is following the international trend away from government oversight towards a focus on preventative measures taken by the food industry.

In comparison with other developed countries Australia has higher rates for many illnesses due to foodborne pathogens. This may be caused by greater ascertainment of cases, higher rates of detection and increased risk factors.

Genetically modified food in Oceania

This article discusses topics relating to genetic engineering within Oceania. Currently New Zealand and Australia require labeling so consumers can exercise choice between foods that have genetically modified, conventional, or organic origins.

ISO/IEC 38500

ISO/IEC 38500 is an international standard for Corporate governance of information technology published jointly by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC). It provides a framework for effective governance of IT to assist those at the highest level of organizations to understand and fulfill their legal, regulatory, and ethical obligations in respect of their organizations’ use of IT. The standard is heavily based on the AS 8015-2005 Australian Standard for Corporate Governance of Information and Communication Technology, originally published in January 2005.

ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 40

ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 40 IT Service Management and IT Governance is a standardization subcommittee of the Joint Technical Committee ISO/IEC JTC 1 of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC). ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 40 develops and facilitates the development of international standards, technical reports, and technical specifications within the fields of IT service management and IT governance, with a focus in IT activity such as audit, digital forensics, governance, risk management, outsourcing, service operations and service maintenance. The international secretariat of ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 40 is Standards Australia (SA), located in Australia.

ISO 19600

ISO 19600:2014, Compliance management systems -- Guidelines, is a compliance standard introduced by the International Organization for Standardisation (ISO) in April 2014.

This standard was developed by ISO Project Committee ISO/PC 271 that was chaired by Martin Tolar. In recent times technical committee ISO/TC 309 has been created and the maintenance and future development of 19600 will be undertaken by members of this committee.

ISO 3166

ISO 3166 is a standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) that defines codes for the names of countries, dependent territories, special areas of geographical interest, and their principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states). The official name of the standard is Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions.

Monosodium glutamate

Monosodium glutamate (MSG, also known as sodium glutamate) is the sodium salt of glutamic acid, one of the most abundant naturally occurring non-essential amino acids. Glutamic acid is found naturally in tomatoes, grapes, cheese, mushrooms and other foods.MSG is used in the food industry as a flavor enhancer with an umami taste that intensifies the meaty, savory flavor of food, as naturally occurring glutamate does in foods such as stews and meat soups. It was first prepared in 1908 by Japanese biochemist Kikunae Ikeda, who was trying to isolate and duplicate the savory taste of kombu, an edible seaweed used as a base for many Japanese soups. MSG as a flavor enhancer balances, blends, and rounds the perception of other tastes.MSG has been used for over a hundred years and today is commonly found in stock cubes (Bouillon cube), soups, ramen, gravy, stews, condiments, savoury snacks etc.

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has given MSG its generally recognized as safe (GRAS) designation. A popular misconception is that MSG can cause headaches and other feelings of discomfort, known as "Chinese restaurant syndrome," but double-blind tests fail to find evidence of such a reaction. The European Union classifies it as a food additive permitted in certain foods and subject to quantitative limits. MSG has the HS code 29224220 and the E number E621.

Owen Walsh

Owen Edward John Walsh is a former Administrator of the Australian territory of Norfolk Island.

Son of John ("Jack") Melvyn Walsh (1923-1972) and Beverley Dawn Essen (1928-2011).

Walsh was educated at the Hutchins School, and then attended the University of Tasmania, from which he graduated with degrees in Arts and Law. He worked as a barrister and solicitor for the Supreme Court of the Australian Capital Territory, and as a senior policy adviser and legal officer for the Attorney-General's department, the Department of Transport and Regional Services, and the Australian Antarctic Division.On Norfolk Island, Walsh was Official Secretary to the Administrator, Tony Messner, from 1999 to 2003, and again from January 2006 to Administrator Grant Tambling. When Tambling retired in 2007, Walsh was made Acting Administrator of the island on 7 August. He was sworn in as Administrator by the Governor-General Quentin Bryce on 2 October 2008. On 30 March 2012, Walsh stepped down as Administrator at the conclusion of his term, and was succeeded by Neil Pope. Walsh indicated he would resume his legal career in Canberra. Walsh became the in-house legal adviser for Food Standards Australia New Zealand.

Standards New Zealand

Standards New Zealand is the national standards body for New Zealand. It is a business unit within the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment (MBIE) and works under the supervision of the NZ Standards Executive, an independent statutory role held by a ministry employee under the Standards and Accreditation Act 2015. Standards New Zealand had previously been a Crown entity and the operating arm of the Standards Council of New Zealand. Following the enaction of the Standard and Accreditation Act 2015 the council's role was taken on by the New Zealand Standards Approval Board and Standards New Zealand moved into MBIE on 1 March 2016.Standards New Zealand is an International Organization for Standardization (ISO) member organisation that develops internationally aligned New Zealand standards (NZS) and participates in standards-related activities that deliver benefit to the nation. Standards New Zealand and Standards Australia work together to develop joint standards (AS/NZS). The majority of standards are developed in this partnership.

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