In NATO, a STANdardization AGreement (STANAG) defines processes, procedures, terms, and conditions for common military or technical procedures or equipment between the member countries of the alliance. Each NATO state ratifies a STANAG and implements it within their own military. The purpose is to provide common operational and administrative procedures and logistics, so one member nation's military may use the stores and support of another member's military. STANAGs also form the basis for technical interoperability between a wide variety of communication and information systems (CIS) essential for NATO and Allied operations. The Allied Data Publication 34 (ADatP-34) NATO Interoperability Standards and Profiles which is covered by STANAG 5524, maintains a catalogue of relevant information and communication technology standards.
Among the hundreds of standardization agreements (current total is just short of 1300) are those for calibres of small arms ammunition, map markings, communications procedures, and classification of bridges.
The United States Army divides supplies into ten numerically identifiable classes of supply. The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) uses only the first five, which NATO allies have agreed to share a common nomenclature with each other based on a NATO Standardization Agreement (STANAG). A common naming convention is reflective of the necessity for interoperability and mutual logistical support.Digital Geographic Exchange Standard
The NATO Standardization Agreement 7074, Digital Geographic Information Exchange Standard (DIGEST), is a product of Defence Geospatial Information Working Group (DGIWG).
This standard is related to a number of other international standards and form a model for exchange of Geographic Information. DGIWG continues to work on interoperability standards for geographic data exchange between various military systems and Geographic information system in general.JREAP
The Joint Range Extension Applications Protocol ("JREAP") enables tactical data messages to be transmitted over long-distance networks, e.g. satellite links, thereby extending the range of Tactical Data Links (TDLs).
JREAP is documented in U.S. Military Standard (MIL-STD) 3011 and NATO Standardization Agreement (STANAG) 5518, "Interoperability Standard for the Joint Range Extension Applications Protocol (JREAP)."Link 16
Link 16 is a military tactical data link network used by NATO and nations allowed by the MIDS International Program Office (IPO). Its specification is part of the family of Tactical Data Links.
With Link 16, military aircraft as well as ships and ground forces may exchange their tactical picture in near-real time. Link 16 also supports the exchange of text messages, imagery data and provides two channels of digital voice (2.4 kbit/s and/or 16 kbit/s in any combination). Link 16 is defined as one of the digital services of the JTIDS / MIDS in NATO's Standardization Agreement STANAG 5516. MIL-STD-6016 is the related United States Department of Defense Link 16 MIL-STD.NATO Accessory Rail
The NATO Accessory Rail (or NAR), defined by the new modernization agreement Standardization Agreement 4694, is a new rail interface system standard for mounting accessory equipments such as telescopic sights, tactical lights, laser aiming modules, night vision devices, reflex sights, foregrips, bipods and bayonets to small arms such as rifles and pistols.STANAG 4694, was approved by the NATO Army Armaments Group (NAAG), Land Capability Group 1 Dismounted Soldier (LCG1-DS) on 8 May 2009. It will be forwarded to the NATO Standardization Agency and then onto individual NATO nations, which will test the NATO Accessory Rail system for final ratification.The NATO Accessory Rail is backwards-compatible with the STANAG 2324/MIL-STD 1913 Picatinny rail, which dates back to 3 February 1995, and was designed in conjunction with weapon specialists like Aimpoint, Beretta, Colt Firearms, FN Herstal and Heckler & Koch. The Heckler & Koch G28 designated marksman rifle features NATO Accessory Rails.NATO Codification System
The NATO Codification System (NCS for short) is a Standardization Agreement approach to identify, classify and number items of supply. This is applicable to items that are repetitively used and stocked (e.g., repair parts, equipment, food items, etc.). The System has been agreed by all signatories of the NATO and sponsored non-NATO nations for use in identifying equipment and supplies.
The result is a unique identification and a data set that can be easily shared and understood by a wide range of users. The data set may be shared in the form of printed catalogs, on line systems, electronic data exchange, etc. Users include logisticians and manufacturers.
The process of codification (or cataloging) involves naming, classifying, describing the item and assignment of a 13 digit NATO Stock Number (or NSN). The system aids logistics processes, to include supply, purchasing, maintenance, warehousing, transportation, planning, etc. Further, it allows different organizations, even countries, to cooperate in providing logistics support to military, disaster relief, peace keeping and similar operations.NATO Standardization Office
The NATO Standardization Office (NSO) (former NATO Standardization Agency, NSA; French: Bureau OTAN de normalisation) was a NATO agency created in 1951 to handle standardization activities for NATO. The NSA was formed through the merger of the Military Agency for Standardization and the Office for NATO Standardization. During the Agency Reforms, the NSA was transformed to the NATO Standardization Office (NSO) on 1 July 2014, headed by the Director of the NATO Standardization Office (DNSO).The NSO is composed of military and civilian staff that was created to be responsible for standardization for both the Military Committee and the North Atlantic Council It also provides standardization to NATO members military forces, with the goal of interoperability between member nations. It is also the responsibility of the NSO to initiate, administrate over and promulgate a Standardization Agreement (STANAG).NSO headquarters is located at the main NATO headquarters at Boulevard Léopold III, B-1110 Brussels, which is in Haren, part of the City of Brussels municipality.SIMPLE (military communications protocol)
The Standard Interface for Multiple Platform Link Evaluation (SIMPLE) is a military communications protocol defined in NATO's Standardization Agreement STANAG 5602.STANAG 1236
STANAG 1236 Glide Slope Indicators for Helicopter Operations from NATO Ships is a NATO Standardization Agreement which establishes minimum standard requirements for the nomenclature; light characteristics; beam spread and elevation; intensity and intensity control; stabilisation; and installation of glideslope indicators used in helicopter operations between ships of NATO nations.STANAG 1472
STANAG 1472 NVD (Night Vision Device) Compatible Flight Deck Status Displays on Single Ships is a NATO Standardization Agreement which provides guidance in the design of NVD compatible Flight Deck status displays to promote maximum commonality between operating nations.STANAG 3350
STANAG 3350 (Analogue Video Standard for Aircraft System Applications) is a NATO analog video Standardization Agreement for military aircraft avionics.
Video-capable sensors such as radars, FLIR, or video-guided missiles often provide a STANAG 3350 video output. STANAG3350 video is supplied as a component RGB signal with timing similar to a corresponding civilian composite video standard such as NTSC, PAL, or RS-343. Only the vertical and carrier frequency of the signal are defined by the standard, the horizontal resolution can vary from one implementation to another and still satisfy the STANAG 3350 standard.STANAG 4082
STANAG 4082 - Adoption of a Standard Artillery Computer Meteorological Message (METCM) is a NATO Standardization Agreement to provide meteorological information for External ballistics. The information consists of virtual temperature, pressure, and wind speed/direction.The custodian of this STANAG is the MILMET panel, formerly BMWG, within NATO Headquarters. The most recent promulgated copy is Edition 2, dated 28 May 1969. An Edition 3 is currently undergoing ratification.
For a description of how STANAG 4082 relates to other STANAGs in the areas of ballistics and meteorology please see the following preview (also shown in slide 4 of the following presentation)STANAG 4119
STANAG 4119 - Adoption of a Standard Cannon Artillery Firing Table Format is a NATO Standardization Agreement to describe standardized requirements for the development and publication of tabular firing tables for artillery and appropriate
mortar cartridges in both complete and abridged formats.
The format of TFTs was established prior to the advent of digital computers and was intended to allow for their use by gunners in carrying out manual calculations of artillery fire-control solutions. With the general use of computer software to determine
fire-control solutions, the role of TFTs has changed to one of manual backup for software-based fire-control solutions. TFTs are also employed to support exchanges of weapons, cartridges, and fire-control data between nations.
The custodian of this STANAG is Land Capability Group 3 - Sub Group 2 within the NATO Army Armaments Group (NAAG). The most recent promulgated copy is Edition 2, dated 5 February 2007. Implementation of the STANAG is often accomplished by adoption of components of the SG2 Shareable (Fire Control) Software Suite (S4).
For a description of how STANAG 4119 relates to other STANAGs in the areas of ballistics and meteorology see the illustration.STANAG 4140
STANAG 4140 - Adoption of a Standard Target Acquisition Meteorological Message (METTA) is a NATO Standardization Agreement to provide meteorological information such as refractive index, temperature, pressure and cloud cover for remotely piloted vehicles, drones, weapon locating radars and sound ranging systems.The custodian of this STANAG is the MILMET panel, formerly BMWG, within NATO Headquarters. The most recent promulgated copy is Edition 2, dated 28 May 2001.
STANAG 4140 relates to other Standardization Agreements in the areas of ballistics and meteorology, as shown in the attached pictorial representation (also shown in slide 4 of the following presentation)STANAG 4355
STANAG 4355 - The Modified Point Mass and Five Degrees of Freedom Trajectory Model is a NATO Standardization Agreement for surface to surface exterior ballistic modelling in support of Artillery, mortar and rocket systems. This model is not as time consuming to solve as the rigid body system, and uses a force system, axial spin and an estimate of the yaw of repose.
The principal aim of this agreement is to standardize the exterior ballistic trajectory simulation methodology for NATO Naval and Army Forces. The Modified Point Mass model will be used for spin-stabilized projectiles and the Five Degrees of Freedom model will be used for fin-stabilized rockets. This facilitates the exchange of exterior ballistic data and fire control information. The custodian of this STANAG is Integrated Capability Group - Indirect Fires, Sub Group 2 within the NATO Army Armaments Group (NAAG). The most recent promulgated copy is Edition 3, dated 17 April 2009. Implementation of the STANAG is often accomplished by adoption of components of the SG2 Shareable (Fire Control) Software Suite (S4).
For a description of how STANAG 4355 relates to other STANAGs in the areas of ballistics and meteorology please see the following preview (also shown in slide 4 of the following presentation)STANAG 4569
NATO AEP-55 STANAG 4569 is a NATO Standardization Agreement covering the standards for the "Protection Levels for Occupants of Logistic and Light Armored Vehicles".The standard covers strikes from Kinetic Energy, artillery, and IED blasts.STANAG 4626
STANAG 4626 is a NATO Standardization Agreement which define a set of Open Architecture Standards for Avionics Architecture, particularly in the field of Integrated Modular Avionics. The purpose of this standard is to establish uniform requirements for the architecture for Integrated Modular Avionics (IMA) systems as defined by the ASAAC program. A reference implementation is on Sourceforge under a Apache license.STANAG 5066
STANAG 5066 (Profile for High Frequency (HF) Radio Data Communication) is a NATO Standardization Agreement specification to enable applications to communicate efficiently over HF radio.
STANAG 5066 provides peer protocols that operate above an HF modem and below the application level. STANAG 5066 includes the mandatory SIS (Subnet Interface Sublayer, sometimes called Subnet Interface Service) protocol that enables an application to connect to an HF modem through a STANAG 5066 server over TCP/IP. This enables a clean separation between application and modem.
The standard also defines two more layers, CAS which is intended to establish connections to other HF nodes and control the status of these connections, and DTS, which controls all the data manipulation for transmission (slicing, directioning, timing...) and the reconstruction in reception.
There are two basic modes of transmission defined by this standard. ARQ and NON-ARQ.
ARQ uses package confirmation (through ACK response packages), and sliding window technique, which size is 128 elements. The "sending-services" can also have delivery confirmation of every package they send. It is necessarily a point-to-point protocol. It can be compared to TCP.
NON-ARQ is a transmission mode in which the receiver node does not confirm the well-reception of the received packages. Receivers try to compose corrupted parts from future receptions, if it is impossible, the STANAG 5066 defines that the package has to be dispatched, and mark it with the known errored parts. This transmission mode allows to use point-to-point, point-to-group and broadcast. It can be compared to UDP in the IP philosophy.STANAG 5066 defines a SIS-to-SIS package size of 2048 bytes maximum, when using point-to-point transmitting mode (ARQ or NON-ARQ), and 4096 bytes when using broadcast (NON-ARQ only).STANAG magazine
A STANAG magazine or NATO magazine is a type of detachable firearm magazine proposed by NATO in October 1980. Shortly after NATO's acceptance of the 5.56×45mm NATO rifle cartridge, Draft Standardization Agreement (STANAG) 4179 was proposed in order to allow NATO members to easily share rifle ammunition and magazines down to the individual soldier level. The U.S. M16 rifle's magazine proportions were proposed for standardization. Many NATO members, but not all, subsequently developed or purchased rifles with the ability to accept this type of magazine. However the standard was never ratified and remains a "Draft STANAG".